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Caesarea
Caesarea
(Hebrew: קֵיסָרְיָה‬, Kaysariya or Qesarya; Arabic: قيسارية‎, Qaysaria; Greek: Καισάρεια; /ˌsɛzəˈriːə, ˌsɛsəˈriːə, ˌsiːzəˈriːə/)[2] is a town in north-central Israel. Located midway between Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and Haifa
Haifa
on the coastal plain near the city of Hadera, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof HaCarmel Regional Council. With a population of 4,970,[1] it is the only Israeli locality managed by a private organization, the Caesarea
Caesarea
Development Corporation,[3] and also one of the most populous localities not recognized as a local council. The town was built by Herod the Great
Herod the Great
about 25–13 BCE as the port city Caesarea
Caesarea
Maritima. It served as an administrative center of Judaea Province
Judaea Province
of the Roman Empire, and later the capital of the Byzantine
Byzantine
Palaestina Prima
Palaestina Prima
province during the classic period. Following the Muslim
Muslim
conquest in the 7th century, in which it was the last city to fall to the Arabs, the city had an Arab majority until Crusader conquest. It was abandoned after the Mamluk
Mamluk
conquest.[4] It was re-populated in 1884 by Bosniak
Bosniak
immigrants, who settled in a small fishing village.[4] In 1940, kibbutz Sdot Yam
Sdot Yam
was established next to the village. In February 1948 the village was conquered by a Palmach unit commanded by Yitzhak Rabin, its people already having fled following an attack by the Lehi. In 1952, a Jewish town of Caesarea was established near the ruins of the old city, which were made into the national park of Caesarea
Caesarea
Maritima.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Antiquity 1.2 Middle Ages 1.3 Ottoman period 1.4 British Mandate of Palestine 1.5 State of Israel

2 Geography

2.1 Archaeology of Caesarea

3 Rothschild Caesarea
Caesarea
Foundation 4 Economy 5 Infrastructure

5.1 Roads 5.2 Rail

6 Culture 7 Sports 8 Notable residents 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: Caesarea
Caesarea
Maritima Antiquity[edit] Caesarea Maritima
Caesarea Maritima
was built during c. 20–10 BCE near the ruins of a small naval station known as Stratonos pyrgos (Straton's Tower), founded by Straton I
Straton I
of Sidon. It was likely an agricultural storehouse station in its earliest configuration.[5] In 90 BCE, Alexander Jannaeus
Alexander Jannaeus
captured Straton's Tower as part of his policy of developing the shipbuilding industry and enlarging the Hasmonean kingdom. Straton's Tower remained a Jewish settlement for two more generations, until the area became dominated by the Romans in 63 BCE, when they declared it an autonomous city. The pagan city underwent vast changes under Herod the Great, who renamed it Caesarea
Caesarea
in honor of the Roman emperor, Caesar Augustus. In 22 BCE, Herod began construction of a deep sea harbor and built storerooms, markets, wide roads, baths, temples to Rome and Augustus, and imposing public buildings.[6] Every five years the city hosted major sports competitions, gladiator games, and theatrical productions in its theatre overlooking the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea. Caesarea
Caesarea
also flourished during the Byzantine
Byzantine
period. In the 3rd century, Jewish sages exempted the city from Jewish law, or Halakha, as by this time the majority of the inhabitants were non-Jewish.[7] The city was chiefly a commercial centre relying on trade. Middle Ages[edit]

11th Century (Fatimid Period) jewelry from Caesarea

The Sacro Catino, a Roman-era bowl made from green Egyptian glass, later identified as the Holy Grail, brought from Caesarea
Caesarea
to Genoa by Guglielmo Embriaco
Guglielmo Embriaco
in 1101.[8]

The Muslim
Muslim
historian al-Biladhuri (d. 892) mentions Kaisariyyah/Cæsarea as one of ten towns in Jund Filastin
Jund Filastin
(military district of Palestine) conquered by the Muslim
Muslim
Rashidun army
Rashidun army
under 'Amr ibn al-'As's leadership during the 630s.[9][10][11] The area was only seriously farmed during the Rashidun Caliphate period, apparently until the Crusader conquest in the eleventh century.[7] Over time, the farms were buried under the sands shifting along the shores of the Mediterranean. Nasir-i-Khusraw
Nasir-i-Khusraw
noted a "beautiful Friday Mosque" in Caesarea
Caesarea
in year 1047, "so situated that in its court you may sit and enjoy the view of all that is passing on the sea."[12] This was converted into the church of St. Peter in Crusader times. A wall which may belong to this building has been identified in modern times.[13][14] Khusraw further noted that it "is a fine city, with running waters, and palm-gardens, and orange and citron trees. Its walls are strong, and it has an iron gate. There are fountains that gush out within the city."[12] The Arab geographer Yaqut, writing in the 1220s, named Kaisariyyah as one of the principal towns in Palestine.[15] Caesarea
Caesarea
was under Crusader control between 1101 and 1187 and again between 1191 and 1265.[16] In 1251, Louis IX of France
Louis IX of France
fortified the city, ordering the construction of high walls (parts of which are still standing) and a deep moat. However, strong walls could not keep out the sultan Baybars, who ordered his troops to scale the walls in several places simultaneously, enabling them to penetrate the city. During the Mamluk era, the ruins of Caesarea Maritima
Caesarea Maritima
by the Crusader fortress near Caesarea
Caesarea
on the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
coast lay uninhabited.[citation needed] Al-Dimashqi, writing around 1300, noted that Kaisariyyah belonged to the Kingdom of Ghazza (Gaza). Ottoman period[edit]

Qisarya

The Bosnian Mosque at Qisarya

Arabic قيسارية

Also spelled Qisarya

Subdistrict Haifa

Palestine grid 140/212

Population 960[17][18] (1945)

Area 31,786[17] dunams

Date of depopulation February, 1948[19]

Cause(s) of depopulation Expulsion by Yishuv
Yishuv
forces

Current localities Caesarea

In 1664, a settlement is mentioned consisting of 100 Moroccan families, and 7–8 Jewish ones.[20] In the 18th century it again declined.[21] In 1806, the German explorer Seetzen saw "Káisserérie" as a ruin occupied by some poor fishermen and their families.[22] In 1870, Victor Guérin
Victor Guérin
visited.[23] Caesarea
Caesarea
lay in ruins until the nineteenth century, when the village of Qisarya (Arabic: قيسارية‎, the Arabic name for Caesarea) was established in 1884 by Bushnaks (Bosniaks) – immigrants from Bosnia, who built a small fishing village on the ruins of the Crusader fortress on the coast.[24][25] A population list from about 1887 showed that Caesarea
Caesarea
had 670 Muslim inhabitants, in addition to 265 Muslim
Muslim
inhabitants, who were noted as "Bosniaks”.[26] Petersen, visiting the place in 1992, writes that the nineteenth-century houses were built in blocks, generally one story high (with the exception of the house of the governor.) Some houses on the western side of the village, near the sea, have survived. There were a number of mosques in the village in the nineteenth century, but only one ("The Bosnian mosque") has survived. This mosque, located at the southern end of the city, next to the harbour, is described as a simple stone building with a red-tiled roof and a cylindrical minaret. It was used (in 1992) as a restaurant and as a gift shop.[14] British Mandate of Palestine[edit] In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Caesarea
Caesarea
had a population of 346; 288 Muslims, 32 Christians and 26 Jews,[27] where the Christians were 6 Orthodox, 3 Syrian Orthodox, 3 Roman Catholics, 4 Melkites, 2 Syrian Catholics and 14 Maronite.[28] The population had increased in the 1931 census to 706; 19 Christians, 4 Druse and 683 Muslims, in a total of 143 houses.[29] The Jewish kibbutz of Sdot Yam
Sdot Yam
was established 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) south of the Muslim
Muslim
town in 1940. The Muslim
Muslim
village declined in economic importance and many of Qisarya's Muslim inhabitants left in the mid-1940s, when the British extended the Palestine Railways
Palestine Railways
which bypassed the shallow-draft port. Qisarya had a population of 960 in 1945,[18] with Qisarya's population composition 930 Muslims and 30 Christians in 1945.[18] In 1944/45 a total of 18 dunums of Muslim
Muslim
village land was used for citrus and bananas, 1,020 dunums were used for cereals, while 108 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards,[30][31] while 111 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[32] The Civil War began on 30 November 1947. In December 1947 a village notable Tawfiq Kadkuda approached local Jews in an effort to establish a non-belligerency agreement.[33] The 31 January 1948 Stern Gang attack on a bus leaving Qisarya, killed 2 and injuring 6 people, precipitated an evacuation of most of the population, who fled to nearby al-Tantura.[34] The Haganah
Haganah
then occupied the village because the land was owned by Palestine Jewish Colonization Association, but, fearing that the British would force them to leave, decided to demolish the houses.[34] This was done on February 19–20, after the remaining residents were expelled and the houses were looted.[34] According to Benny Morris, the expulsion of the population had more to do with illegal Jewish immigration than the ongoing civil war.[35] In the same month the 'Arab al Sufsafi and Saidun Bedouin, who inhabited the dunes between Qisarya and Pardes left the area.[36] Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village remains in 1992: "Most of the houses have been demolished. The site has been excavated in recent years, largely by Italian, American, and Israeli teams, and turned into a tourist area. Most of the few remaining houses are now restaurants, and the village mosque has been converted into a bar."[37] State of Israel[edit]

Dan Hotel

After the establishment of the state, the Rothschild family
Rothschild family
agreed to transfer most of its land holdings to the new state. A different arrangement was reached for the 35,000 dunams of land the family owned in and around modern Caesarea: after turning over the land to the state, it was leased back (for a period of 200 years) to a new charitable foundation. In his will, Edmond James de Rothschild stipulated that this foundation would further education, arts and culture, and welfare in Israel. The Caesarea
Caesarea
Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Foundation was formed and run based on the funds generated by the sale of Caesarea
Caesarea
land which the Foundation is responsible for maintaining. The Foundation is owned half by the Rothschild Family, and half by the State of Israel.[citation needed] The Rothschild Caesare Foundation established the Caesarea
Caesarea
Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Development Corporation Ltd. (CDC) in 1952 to act as its operations arm. The company transfers all profits from the development of Caesarea
Caesarea
to the Foundation, which in turn contributes to organizations that advance higher education and culture across Israel.[citation needed] Geography[edit]

A portion of the Crusader walls and moat still standing today

Caesarea
Caesarea
aqueduct

Caesarea
Caesarea
is located on the Israeli coastal plain, the historic land bridge between Europe, Asia
Asia
and Africa
Africa
approximately halfway between the major cities of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
45 kilometers (28 mi) and Haifa
Haifa
45 kilometers (28 mi). Caesarea
Caesarea
is situated approximately 5 kilometers (3 mi) northwest of the city of Hadera, and is bordered to the east by the Caesarea
Caesarea
Industrial Zone and the city of Or Akiva. Directly to the north of Caesarea
Caesarea
is the town of Jisr az-Zarqa. Caesarea
Caesarea
is divided into a number of residential zones, known as clusters. The most recent[citation needed] of these to be constructed is Cluster 13, which, like all the clusters, is given a name: in this case, "The Golf Cluster", due to its close proximity to the Caesarea Golf Course. The golfcourse was built upon an ancient Arab town on the site of a loosely grouped Egyptian and subsequently Greek structures, with archaeological ruins.[citation needed] These neighborhoods are affluent, although they vary significantly in terms of average plot size.[citation needed] Archaeology of Caesarea[edit]

Caesarea
Caesarea
school

Most excavation that occurs in today's modern times began in 1950. The majority of the archeological excavations are done by the United States and Israel. A great deal of the work of excavating Caesarea, which continues every day, is done by volunteers while under the supervision of archeologists. Archeologists have been aware of the innumerable treasures beneath the city of Caesarea
Caesarea
and its 1,300+-year history under many different conquerors. The unearthed treasures continue to provide answers to many unanswered questions about many historic civilizations.[38] A rare, colorful mosaic bearing an inscription in Greek, dating from the 2nd-3rd century CE was uncovered at 2018, in the Caesarea
Caesarea
National Park. It is one of the few extant examples of mosaics from the time period in Israel. According to the archaeologists, the mosaic measures 3.5 x 8 meters and is “of a rare high quality” comparable to that of Israel’s finest examples.[39] Rothschild Caesarea
Caesarea
Foundation[edit]

The Ralli Museum in Caesarea

The Caesarea
Caesarea
Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Development Corporation (Hebrew: החברה לפיתוח קיסריה אדמונד בנימין דה רוטשילד) is the operational arm of the Caesarea
Caesarea
Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Foundation, whose goal is to establish a unique community that combines quality of life and safeguarding the environment with advanced industry and tourism.[citation needed] Today, the Chairman of the Rothschild Caesarea
Caesarea
Foundation and the CDC is Baron Benjamin de Rothschild, the great grandson of the Baron Edmond de Rothschild. Caesarea
Caesarea
remains today the only locality in Israel
Israel
managed by a private organization rather than a municipal government. As well as carrying out municipal services, the Caesarea Development Corporation markets plots for real-estate development, manages the nearby industrial park, and runs the Caesarea's golf course and country club, Israel's only 18-hole golf course.[citation needed] Modern Caesarea
Caesarea
is one of Israel's most upscale residential communities. The Baron de Rothschild still maintains a home in Caesarea, as do many business tycoons from Israel
Israel
and abroad.[citation needed] Economy[edit] Caesarea
Caesarea
is a suburban settlement with a number of residents commuting to work in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
or Haifa.[citation needed] The Caesarea
Caesarea
Business Park is on the fringe of the city. In the park are approximately 170 companies. They employ about 5,500 people. Industry in the park includes distribution and high technology services.[citation needed] The residential neighborhoods have a shopping concourse with a newsagent, supermarket, optician, and bank. There are a number of restaurants and cafes scattered across the town, with a number within the ancient port.[citation needed] Infrastructure[edit] Roads[edit]

Beyond the eastern boundary of the residential area of Caesarea
Caesarea
is Highway 2, Israel's main highway linking Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
to Haifa. Caesarea is linked to the road by the Caesarea
Caesarea
Interchange in the south, and Or Akiva Interchange in the center. Slightly further to the east lies Highway 4, providing more local links to Hadera, Binyamina, Zichron Yaakov, and the moshavim and kibbutzim of Emek Hefer. Highway 65 starts at the Caesarea
Caesarea
Interchange and runs westwards into the Galilee
Galilee
and the cities of Pardes Hanna-Karkur, Umm al-Fahm, and Afula.

Rail[edit] Caesarea
Caesarea
shares a railway station with nearby Pardes Hanna-Karkur which is situated in the Caesarea
Caesarea
Industrial Zone and is served by the suburban line between Binyamina
Binyamina
and Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
with two trains per hour. The Binyamina
Binyamina
Railway Station, a major regional transfer station, is also located nearby.[citation needed] Culture[edit]

The Roman theatre

The Roman theatre, located at the site, often hosts concerts by major Israeli and international artists, such as Shlomo Artzi, Yehudit Ravitz, Mashina, Deep Purple, Björk
Björk
and others. Furthermore, the port has in recent years become home to the annual Caesarea
Caesarea
Jazz
Jazz
Festival which offers three evenings of top-class jazz performances by leading international artists. Furthermore, the Ralli Museum in Caesarea houses a large collection of South American art and several Salvador Dalí originals.[40] Sports[edit]

Laetitia Beck

Caesarea
Caesarea
is the location of Caesarea
Caesarea
Golf club, the country's only full-size golf course.[41][42] The idea for the Caesarea
Caesarea
Golf and Country Club originated after James de Rothschild was reminded by the dunes surrounding Caesarea
Caesarea
of Scotland's sandy links golf courses. Upon his death, the James de Rothschild Foundation established the course. In 1958 a Golf Club Committee was established, and a course was built. American professional golfer Herman Barron, the first Jewish golfer to win a PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event, helped develop the course.[43] It was officially opened in 1961 by Abba Eban. The Caesarea
Caesarea
Golf Club has hosted international golf competitions every four years in the Maccabiah Games. The course was redesigned and rebuilt by golf course designer Pete Dye in 2007–2009.[44] Notable residents[edit]

Saint Albina Laetitia Beck, golfer Ezer Weizman, seventh President of Israel Keren Ann, pop singer Arcadi Gaydamak, Russian-Israeli businessman Eitan Wertheimer, industrialist Benjamin Netanyahu, politician and the current Prime Minister of Israel Avraham Yosef Schapira, politician and a businessman

References[edit]

^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017.  ^ "Caesarea" in the American Heritage Dictionary ^ About the CDC Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "Caesarea". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 26 September 2015.  ^ Duane W. Roller and Robert L. Hohlfelder. "The Problem of the Location of Straton's Tower": 61–68. JSTOR 1356838.  ^ Crossan, 1999, p. 232 ^ a b Safrai, 1994, p. 374 ^ Barber, 2004, p. 168. Mariti, 1792, p. 399. Marica, Patrizia, Museo del Tesoro Genoa, Italy (2007), 7–12. The object in question is a hexagonal bowl made from Roma-era green glass, some 9 cm high and 33 cm across. It was seized and taken to Paris by Napoleon in 1805, and it was damaged when it was returned to Genoa in 1816. Apparently the object was not immediately identified as the Holy Grail, but it is described as an object with miraculous properties in 12th-century literature, including the Historia of William of Tyre. It is unambiguously identified as the Holy Grail
Holy Grail
in the 13th century, by Jacobus de Voragine. Juliette Wood, The Holy Grail: History and Legend (2012). ^ The conquered towns included "Ghazzah (Gaza), Sabastiyah (Samaria), Nabulus
Nabulus
(Shechem), Cæsarea, Ludd (Lydda), Yubna, Amwas (Emmaus), Yafa (Joppa), Rafah, and Bayt Jibrin. (Bil. 138), quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.28 ^ Al-Baladhuri, 1916, pp. 216-219 ^ Meyers, 1999, p. 380 ^ a b le Strange, 1890, p. 474 ^ Pringle, 1993, p. 170 -72 ^ a b Petersen, 2001, p.129-130 ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 29 ^ Pringle, 1997, pp. 43-45 ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49 ^ a b c Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 14 ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #177. Also gives the cause for depopulation ^ Roger, 1664; cited in Ringel 1975, 174; cited in Petersen, 2001, p.129 ^ Petersen, 2001, p129 ^ Seetzen, 1854, vol 2, pp. 72–73. Alt: [1] ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 321–339 ^ Oliphant, 1887, p. 182 ^ "Caesarea". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 181 ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 34 ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 49 ^ Mills, 1932, p. 95 ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 183 ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 91 ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 141 ^ Morris, 2004, p. 92 ^ a b c Morris, 2004, p. 130 ^ Morris, 2008, pp. 94–95. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 129 ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.184 ^ "A Museum Renders Unto Caesarea". L.A.'s Natural History Museum. Retrieved 2017-11-21.  ^ Rare Greek inscription and colorful 1,800-year-old mosaic uncovered at Caesarea ^ "Caesarea". Weizmann Institute. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-26.  ^ Golf Digest
Golf Digest
magazine, May 2010 ^ "Caesarea". www.top100golfcourses.com. Retrieved 10 February 2017.  ^ Herman Barron bio page on International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame website ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2008.  Country Club – About

Bibliography[edit]

Abu Shama (d. 1267) (1969): Livre des deux jardins ("The Book of Two Gardens"). Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, Cited in Petersen (2001). Al-Baladhuri (1916). The origins of the Islamic state: being a translation from the Arabic, accompanied with annotations, geographic and historic notes of the Kitâb fitûh al-buldân of al-Imâm abu-l Abbâs Ahmad ibn-Jâbir al-Balâdhuri. Translator: Philip Khuri Hitti. New York: Columbia University.  Ad, Uzi (2007-05-09). "Caesarea, The High Aqueduct in Nahal 'Ada" (119). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Avner, Rita; Gendelman, Peter (2007-01-30). "Caesarea" (119). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Barber, Richard W. (2004). The Holy Grail: imagination and belief. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674013905.  Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.  Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.  (pp.  12-29, 34) Crossan, John Dominic (1999). Birth of Christianity: Discovering What Happened in the Years Immediately After the Execution of Christ. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-567-08668-2.  Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.  Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.  Gendelman, Peter (2011-07-24). "Caesarea" (123). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Gendelman, Peter; Massarwa, Abdallah (2011-08-15). "Caesarea, Sand Dunes (South)" (123). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel
Israel
in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.  Levine, Lee I (1975). Caesarea
Caesarea
under Roman rule. Brill Archive. ISBN 978-90-04-04013-7. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  Mariti, Giovanni (1792). Travels Through Cyprus, Syria, and Palestine; with a General History of the Levant. 1. Dublin: P. Byrne.  (p. 396 ff) Meyers, Eric M. (1999). ""The Fall of Caesarea
Caesarea
Maritima"". Galilee Through the Centuries. Eisenbrauns. ISBN 157506040X.  Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.  Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.  Morris, Benny (2008). 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12696-9.  Oliphant, Laurence (1887). Haifa, or Life in Modern Palestine. archive.org.  Oren, Eliran (2010-06-01). "Caesarea" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.  Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim
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Palestine (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology). 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0.  Porat, Yosef (2004-05-31). "Caesarea" (116). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Pringle, Denys (1993). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A-K (excluding Acre and Jerusalem). I. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 39036 2.  Pringle, Denys (1997). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: an archaeological Gazetter. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521 46010 7.  Ringel, Joseph (1975). Césarée de Palestine: étude historique et archéologique (in French). Éditions Ophrys, University of California.  Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.  (p. 44) Safrai, Zeev (1994). The Economy of Roman Palestine. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-10243-X.  Sa‘id, Kareem (2006-05-22). "Caesarea" (116). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Sa‘id, Kareem (2007-07-10). "Caesarea" (119). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.  Schumacher, G. (1888). "Population list of the Liwa of Akka". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 20: 169–191.  Seetzen, Ulrich Jasper (1854). Ulrich Jasper Seetzen's Reisen durch Syrien, Palästina, Phönicien, die Transjordan-länder, Arabia Petraea und Unter-Aegypten (in German). 2. Berlin: G. Reimer.  Sharon, Moshe (1999). Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, B-C. 2. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-11083-6. (Sharon, 1999, pp. 252) Strange, le, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.  al-'Ulaymi Sauvaire (editor) (1876): Histoire de Jérusalem et d'Hébron depuis Abraham jusqu'à la fin du XVe siècle de J.-C. : fragments de la Chronique de Moudjir-ed-dyn p. 80–81

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caesarea.

Places To Visit in Caesarea
Caesarea
(English) Welcome To Qisarya Survey of Western Palestine Map 7: IAA, Wikimedia commons Caesarea
Caesarea
Development Corporation Jacques Neguer, Byzantine
Byzantine
villa:Conservation of the "gold table" and preparation for its display, Israel
Israel
Antiquities Authority Site - Conservation Department

v t e

Hof HaCarmel Regional Council

Kibbutzim

Beit Oren Ein Carmel HaHotrim Ma'agan Michael Ma'ayan Tzvi Nahsholim Neve Yam Sdot Yam

Moshavim

Bat Shlomo Beit Hanania Dor Ein Ayala Geva Carmel HaBonim Kerem Maharal Megadim Nir Etzion Ofer Tzrufa

Community settlements

Atlit Caesarea Ein Hod

Other villages

Ein Hawd Kfar Galim Kfar Tzvi Sitrin Meir Shfeya

v t e

Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus by subdistrict

Acre Subdistrict

Amqa Arab al-Samniyya al-Bassa al-Birwa al-Damun Dayr al-Qassi al-Ghabisiyya Iqrit Iribbin Jiddin al-Kabri Kafr 'Inan Kuwaykat al-Manshiyya al-Mansura Mi'ar al-Nabi Rubin al-Nahr al-Ruways Suhmata al-Sumayriyya Suruh al-Tall Tarbikha Umm al-Faraj az-Zeeb

Beisan Subdistrict

Arab al-'Arida Arab al-Bawati Arab al-Safa al-Ashrafiyya al-Bira Beisan Danna Farwana al-Fatur al-Ghazzawiyya al-Hamidiyya al-Hamra Jabbul Kafra Kawkab al-Hawa al-Khunayzir Masil al-Jizl al-Murassas Qumya al-Sakhina al-Samiriyya Sirin Tall al-Shawk al-Taqa al-Tira Umm 'Ajra Khirbat Umm Sabuna Yubla Zab'a al-Zawiya

Beersheba Subdistrict

al-Imara al-Jammama al-Khalasa Auja al-Hafir

Gaza Subdistrict

Arab Suqrir Barbara Barqa al-Batani al-Gharbi al-Batani al-Sharqi Bayt 'Affa Bayt Daras Bayt Jirja Bayt Tima Bil'in Burayr Dayr Sunayd Dimra al-Faluja Hamama Hatta Hiribya Huj Hulayqat Ibdis Iraq al-Manshiyya Iraq Suwaydan Isdud al-Jaladiyya al-Jiyya Julis al-Jura Jusayr Karatiyya Kawfakha Kawkaba al-Khisas al-Masmiyya al-Kabira al-Masmiyya al-Saghira al-Muharraqa Najd Ni'ilya Qastina al-Sawafir al-Gharbiyya al-Sawafir al-Shamaliyya al-Sawafir al-Sharqiyya Simsim Summil Tall al-Turmus Yasur

Haifa
Haifa
Subdistrict

Abu Shusha Abu Zurayq Arab al-Fuqara Arab al-Nufay'at Arab Zahrat al-Dumayri 'Atlit Ayn Ghazal Ayn Hawd Balad al-Sheikh Barrat Qisarya Burayka al-Burj al-Butaymat Daliyat al-Rawha' al-Dumun al-Ghubayya al-Fawqa al-Ghubayya al-Tahta Hawsha Ijzim Jaba' al-Jalama Kabara al-Kafrayn Kafr Lam al-Kasayir Khubbayza Lid al-Manara al-Mansi al-Mansura al-Mazar Naghnaghiya Qannir Qira Qisarya Qumbaza al-Rihaniyya Sabbarin al-Sarafand Khirbat al-Sarkas Khirbat Sa'sa' al-Sawamir Khirbat al-Shuna al-Sindiyana al-Tantura al-Tira Umm ash Shauf Umm az-Zinat Wa'arat al-Sarris Wadi Ara Yajur

Hebron Subdistrict

'Ajjur Barqusya Bayt Jibrin Bayt Nattif al-Dawayima Deir al-Dubban Dayr Nakhkhas Kudna Mughallis al-Qubayba Ra'na Tell es-Safi Umm Burj az-Zakariyya Zayta Zikrin

Jaffa
Jaffa
Subdistrict

al-'Abbasiyya Abu Kabir Abu Kishk Bayt Dajan Biyar 'Adas Fajja al-Haram Ijlil al-Qibliyya Ijlil al-Shamaliyya al-Jammasin al-Gharbi al-Jammasin al-Sharqi Jarisha Kafr 'Ana al-Khayriyya al-Mas'udiyya al-Mirr al-Muwaylih Rantiya al-Safiriyya Salama Saqiya al-Sawalima al-Shaykh Muwannis Yazur

Jenin Subdistrict

al-Jawfa al-Mazar Ayn al-Mansi Lajjun Nuris Zir'in

Jerusalem Subdistrict

Allar Aqqur Artuf Bayt 'Itab Bayt Mahsir Bayt Naqquba Bayt Thul Bayt Umm al-Mays al-Burayj Dayr Aban Dayr 'Amr Dayr al-Hawa Dayr Rafat Dayr al-Shaykh Deir Yassin Ayn Karim Ishwa Islin Ism Allah Jarash al-Jura Kasla al-Lawz Lifta al-Maliha Nitaf al-Qabu Qalunya al-Qastal Ras Abu 'Ammar Sar'a Saris Sataf Sheikh Badr Suba Sufla al-Tannur al-'Umur al-Walaja

Nazareth Subdistrict

al-Mujaydil Indur Ma'alul Saffuriyya

Ramle Subdistrict

Abu al-Fadl Abu Shusha Ajanjul Aqir Barfiliya al-Barriyya Bashshit Bayt Far Bayt Jiz Bayt Nabala Bayt Shanna Bayt Susin Bir Ma'in Bir Salim al-Burj al-Buwayra Daniyal Dayr Abu Salama Dayr Ayyub Dayr Muhaysin Dayr Tarif al-Duhayriyya al-Haditha Idnibba Innaba Jilya Jimzu Kharruba al-Khayma Khulda al-Kunayyisa al-Latrun Lydda al-Maghar Majdal Yaba al-Mansura al-Mukhayzin al-Muzayri'a al-Na'ani al-Nabi Rubin Qatra Qazaza al-Qubab al-Qubayba Qula Ramla Sajad Salbit Sarafand al-Amar Sarafand al-Kharab Saydun Shahma Shilta al-Tina al-Tira Umm Kalkha Wadi Hunayn Yibna Khirbat Zakariyya Zarnuqa

Safad Subdistrict

Abil al-Qamh al-'Abisiyya 'Akbara Alma Ammuqa Arab al-Shamalina Arab al-Zubayd Ayn al-Zaytun Baysamun Biriyya al-Butayha al-Buwayziyya Dallata al-Dawwara Dayshum al-Dirbashiyya al-Dirdara Fara al-Farradiyya Fir'im Ghabbatiyya Ghuraba al-Hamra' Harrawi Hunin al-Husayniyya Jahula al-Ja'una Jubb Yusuf Kafr Bir'im al-Khalisa Khan al-Duwayr Khirbat Karraza al-Khisas Khiyam al-Walid Kirad al-Baqqara Kirad al-Ghannama Lazzaza Madahil Al-Malkiyya Mallaha al-Manshiyya al-Mansura Mansurat al-Khayt Marus Meiron al-Muftakhira Mughr al-Khayt al-Muntar al-Nabi Yusha' al-Na'ima Qabba'a Qadas Qaddita Qaytiyya al-Qudayriyya al-Ras al-Ahmar Sabalan Safsaf Saliha al-Salihiyya al-Sammu'i al-Sanbariyya Sa'sa' al-Shawka al-Tahta al-Shuna Taytaba Tulayl al-'Ulmaniyya al-'Urayfiyya al-Wayziyya Yarda, Safad al-Zahiriyya al-Tahta al-Zanghariyya Zawiya al-Zuq al-Fawqani al-Zuq al-Tahtani

Tiberias Subdistrict

Awlam al-Dalhamiyya Ghuwayr Abu Shusha Hadatha al-Hamma Hittin Kafr Sabt Lubya Ma'dhar al-Majdal al-Manara al-Manshiyya al-Mansura Nasir al-Din Nimrin al-Nuqayb Samakh al-Samakiyya al-Samra al-Shajara al-Tabigha al-'Ubaydiyya Wadi Hamam Khirbat al-Wa'ra al-Sawda' Yaquq

Tulkarm Subdistrict

Khirbat Bayt Lid Bayyarat Hannun Fardisya Ghabat Kafr Sur al-Jalama Kafr Saba al-Majdal al-Manshiyya Miska Qaqun Raml Zayta Tabsur Umm Khalid Wadi al-Hawarith Wadi Qabbani al-Zabad

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