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Caerleon
Caerleon
(/kərˈliːən/; Welsh: Caerllion) is a suburban town and community, situated on the River Usk[1][2] in the northern outskirts of the city of Newport, Wales. Caerleon
Caerleon
is a site of archaeological importance, being the location of a notable Roman legionary fortress, Isca Augusta, and an Iron Age
Iron Age
hillfort. The Wales
Wales
National Roman Legion Museum and Roman Baths Museum
Roman Baths Museum
are in Caerleon
Caerleon
close to the remains of Isca Augusta. The town also has strong historical and literary associations, as Geoffrey of Monmouth elevated the significance of Caerleon
Caerleon
as a major centre of British history in his Historia Regum Britanniæ, and Alfred Lord Tennyson
Alfred Lord Tennyson
wrote Idylls of the King while staying there.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Roman fortress 1.2 Middle Ages 1.3 Welsh Revolt 1.4 English Civil War 1.5 18th and 19th centuries 1.6 Mari Lwyd

2 Arthur and Caerleon 3 Modern Caerleon

3.1 Overview 3.2 Governance 3.3 Geography 3.4 Roads 3.5 Railways 3.6 Airports 3.7 Education 3.8 Primary schools 3.9 Secondary education 3.10 Higher education 3.11 Housing 3.12 Sport 3.13 Culture and community

4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2010)

Roman fortress[edit] Main article: Isca Augusta

Remains of the Roman amphitheatre

A map of Roman legionary camps in Europe with Caerleon
Caerleon
(3) noted

Caerleon
Caerleon
is a site of considerable archaeological importance as the location of a Roman legionary fortress or castra. It was the headquarters for Legio II Augusta
Legio II Augusta
from about 75 to 300 AD, and on the hill above was the site of an Iron Age
Iron Age
hillfort.[3] The Romans called the site Isca after the River Usk
River Usk
(Welsh Wysg). The name Caerleon
Caerleon
may derive from the Welsh for "fortress of the legion"; around 800 AD it was referred to as Cair Legeion guar Uisc.[4] Substantial excavated Roman remains can be seen, including the military amphitheatre, thermae (baths) and barracks occupied by the Roman Legion. In August 2011 the remains of a Roman harbour were discovered in Caerleon.[5] According to Gildas, followed by Bede, Roman Caerleon
Caerleon
was the site of two early Christian martyrdoms, those of Julius and Aaron. Recent finds suggest Roman occupation of some kind as late as AD 380.[6] Roman remains have also been discovered at The Mynde, itself a distinctive historical site.[7] Middle Ages[edit] During the Middle Ages, Caerleon
Caerleon
or nearby Venta Silurum
Venta Silurum
(now Caerwent) was the administrative centre of the Kingdom of Gwent. The parish church, St Cadoc's was founded on the site of the legionary headquarters building probably sometime in the 6th century. A Norman-style motte and bailey castle was built outside the eastern corner of the old Roman fort, probably by the Welsh Lord of Caerleon, Caradog ap Gruffydd. It was held in 1086 by Turstin FitzRolf, standard bearer to William the Conqueror at Hastings. From the apparent banishment of Turstin by William II, it was held from 1088 by Wynebald de Ballon, brother of Hamelin de Ballon
Hamelin de Ballon
who held Abergavenny
Abergavenny
further up the River Usk. Battles raged between the Welsh and Normans and in 1171 Iorwerth ab Owain and his two sons destroyed the town of Caerleon and burned the Castle. Caerleon
Caerleon
was an important market and port and presumably became a borough by 1171, although no independent charters exist. Both castle and borough were seized by William Marshal
William Marshal
in 1217 and Caerleon
Caerleon
castle was rebuilt in stone. The remains of many of the old Roman buildings stood to some height until this time and were probably demolished for their building materials. Welsh Revolt[edit]

Round Tower at The Hanbury Arms, 2010

During the Welsh Revolt in 1402 Rhys Gethin, General for Owain Glyndŵr, took Caerleon
Caerleon
Castle
Castle
together with those of Newport, Cardiff, Llandaff, Abergavenny, Caerphilly and Usk
Usk
by force.[8] This was probably the last time Caerleon
Caerleon
castle was ruined, though the walls were still standing in 1537 and the castle ruins only finally collapsed in 1739 - their most obvious remnant is the Round Tower at the Hanbury Arms public house. The Tower is a Grade II* listed building.[9] English Civil War[edit] Across the Afon Lwyd
Afon Lwyd
from Caerleon, in the region of Penrhos Farm, are two English Civil War
English Civil War
forts. In 1648 Oliver Cromwell's troops camped overnight on Christchurch
Christchurch
Hill, overlooking Newport, before their attack on Newport Castle
Castle
the next day. 18th and 19th centuries[edit]

Caerleon
Caerleon
in 1800, from the south and showing the bridge

The old wooden Caerleon Bridge
Caerleon Bridge
was destroyed in a storm in 1779 and the present stone version was erected in the early 19th century. Until the Victorian development of the downstream docks at Newport Docks, Caerleon
Caerleon
acted as the major port on the River Usk. The wharf was located on the right bank, to the west of today's river bridge which marked the limit of navigability for masted ships. A tinplate works and mills were established on the outskirts of the town, in Ponthir, around this time, and Caerleon
Caerleon
expanded to become almost joined to Newport.[10] A plaque on the Mynde wall in High Street references the Newport Rising of 1839 in which John Frost of Newport was a prominent figure in the Chartist movement. John Jenkins, owner of Mynde House and owner of Ponthir
Ponthir
Tinplate Works, built the wall to keep demonstrators out. The name of the former Drovers' Arms on Goldcroft Common bore witness to the ancient drovers' road on the old road from Malpas. It is thought that the common itself was once the site of a cattle market.[11] Mari Lwyd[edit] Main article: Mari Lwyd Writing in 1951, local historian and folklorist Fred Hando described the traditional journey through Caerleon
Caerleon
of the Mari Lwyd
Mari Lwyd
or "Venerable Mary", a tradition similar to that of Hoodening
Hoodening
found in Kent, Padstow
Padstow
and Cheshire, and involving a man dressed with a horse's skull. The jaw of the skull could be made to move, with the aid of rods. Hando's informant, Gus Sergeant of Bulmoor, reported that the Mari Lwyd
Mari Lwyd
had not been seen in the town for at least 20 years, but he was still able to describe it:

"We filled the eye-holes with wadding and 'pop alleys' and fixed great ears made of wadding stiffened with cardboard; then we stuck rosettes on the sides of the skull and strung long coloured ribbons as reins."

One man acted as leader of the Mari, holding the ribbons, and then came the Mari itself draped in a white sheet. It was followed by three singers, who sang in Welsh although "they didn't understand the words". On occasion, the procession of the Mari Lwyd
Mari Lwyd
would start as far north as Newbridge-on-Usk
Newbridge-on-Usk
and proceed through the town, ending as far south as Goldcliff. The party would be invited into houses along the way and given "money and home-made cakes and gallons of beer". Another of Hando's informants provides a description, dated 1841, of the Yuletide tradition:

"The custom of chaunting at their neighbours' doors on the twelfth night ... on which occasion they are fantastically dressed with ribbons of various colours. One of the party carries a horse's head decorated in the same manner. Representations of trees, to which are appended apples and oranges, are also carried about, and on one of the branches an artificial bird, called "Aderyn Pica Llwyd" (the grey hobgoblin bird) is placed."[12]

Arthur and Caerleon[edit] In his 1191 Itinerarium Cambriae, written about a tour of Wales
Wales
in 1188 to recruit for the Third Crusade, the author Gerald of Wales
Wales
says of Caerleon, "the Roman ambassadors here received their audience at the court of the great king Arthur." [13] Geoffrey of Monmouth, the first author to write at length of King Arthur, makes Caerleon
Caerleon
one of the most important cities in Britain in his Historia Regum Britanniæ. He gives it a long, glorious history from its foundation by King Belinus to when it becomes a metropolitan see, the location of an Archbishopric
Archbishopric
superior to Canterbury
Canterbury
and York, under Saint Dubricius, followed by St David
St David
who moved the archbishopric to St David's Cathedral. Geoffrey makes Arthur's capital Caerleon
Caerleon
and even Sir Thomas Malory has Arthur re-crowned there. The still-visible Roman amphitheatre at Caerleon
Caerleon
has been associated with Arthur's 'Round-Table' element of the tales;[14] and has been suggested as a possible source for the legend.[15]

"For it was located in a delightful spot in Glamorgan, on the River Usk, not far from the Severn
Severn
Sea. Abounding in wealth more than other cities, it was suited for such a ceremony. For the noble river I have named flows along it on one side, upon which the kings and princes who would be coming from overseas could be carried by ship. But on the other side, protected by meadow and woods, it was remarkable for royal palaces, so that it imitated Rome in the golden roofs of its buildings... Famous for so many pleasant features, Caerleon
Caerleon
was made ready for the announced feast." ( Historia Regum Britanniae
Historia Regum Britanniae
"History of the Kings of Britain")

Though the huge scale of the ruins along with Caerleon's importance as an urban centre in early medieval Kingdom of Gwent
Kingdom of Gwent
may have inspired Geoffrey, the main historical source for Arthur's link with "the camp of the legion" is the list of the twelve battles of Arthur in the 9th century Historia Brittonum. However the "urbs legionis" mentioned there may rather more probably be Chester
Chester
– or even York.[16] "Camelot" first appears in Chrétien de Troyes' Lancelot, though Chretien also mentions Caerleon.

Plaque at birthplace of Arthur Machen, The Square, High Street

Caerleon
Caerleon
also has associations with later Arthurian literature as the birthplace of the writer Arthur Machen
Arthur Machen
who often used it as a location in his work. The Hanbury Arms was visited by Tennyson who lodged there while he wrote his Morte d'Arthur (later incorporated into his Idylls of the King).[17] Today Caerleon
Caerleon
has a modern statue of a knight, "The Hanbury Knight", in reflecting stainless steel by Belgian sculptor Thierry Lauwers.[18] In Michael Morpurgo's novel Arthur, High King of Britain, Caerleon
Caerleon
is the castle where Arthur unknowingly commits incest with his half-sister Morgaine, resulting in the conception of his son Mordred
Mordred
who will later bring about his downfall. Mary Stewart's account of the Arthurian legends also mentions Caerleon
Caerleon
as a place where Arthur held court. In that telling, the incest took place at Luguvalium.[19] Modern Caerleon[edit] Overview[edit] Caerleon
Caerleon
is centred around a small common. Goldcroft Common is the only remaining of the seven commons of Caerleon. Most of the small businesses of Caerleon
Caerleon
are near the common as is the Town Hall which has a World War I
World War I
and World War II
World War II
memorial garden. Caerleon
Caerleon
library is located within the Town Hall and is associated with Newport Central Library. The intersection of High Street and Cross Street is known as The Square.

Goldcroft Common 2010

Buildings of note are Saint Cadoc's Church, the National Roman Legion Museum, the Roman Baths Museum, The Mynde, The Priory Hotel, Caerleon Catholic Church and Rectory, Caerleon
Caerleon
Endowed School, the Round Tower, the Toll House at Caerleon
Caerleon
Bridge, The Malt House hotel, former University of South Wales
Wales
Caerleon
Caerleon
Campus and St Cadoc's Hospital. The historic remains of the Roman Legionary Fortress Isca Augusta
Isca Augusta
is popular with tourists and school parties and there is a marked heritage trail in the town. The Millennium Wildlife Garden is a small nature garden on the banks of the River Usk. The hilltop vantage point at Christchurch
Christchurch
provides panoramic views of the Vale of Usk
Vale of Usk
and Bristol Channel. The municipal playing fields are at Caerleon
Caerleon
Broadway and a children's playground is in Cold Bath Road. Private sport and leisure facilities are available at the Celtic Manor. Caerleon
Caerleon
has a few restaurants, cafés and take-away food outlets and many public houses that have restaurant facilities. The Ffwrrwm is a small specialist shopping courtyard with an eclectic display of sculpture. Caerleon
Caerleon
also has its own station of Gwent Police
Gwent Police
and an active community policing presence. Governance[edit] Caerleon
Caerleon
is an electoral ward of Newport City Council. The ward includes Christchurch
Christchurch
and Bulmore. Caerleon
Caerleon
is within the UK Parliamentary constituency of Newport West, the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
constituency of Newport West and the Wales
Wales
European Parliament Constituency. Geography[edit] The centre of Caerleon
Caerleon
sits in the Vale of Usk
Vale of Usk
and the River Usk
River Usk
forms part of the community's southern boundary. In the north-west part of the town, across the railway bridges, the land rises sharply up to Lodge Wood and its hill fort. The community's western boundary is formed by the A4042 road
A4042 road
(Heidenheim Drive) and the northern boundary partly by the Malthouse Road and partly by the Afon Llwyd
Afon Llwyd
river which flows southwards to the River Usk
River Usk
along the town's eastern side. Across the River Usk
River Usk
from Caerleon, to the south-east and east, St Julian's Park, the village of Christchurch
Christchurch
and the upland region around Christchurch
Christchurch
Hill as far as the M4 motorway
M4 motorway
and the A449 road are also within the community. Roads[edit]

Caerleon
Caerleon
Town Hall

Caerleon
Caerleon
is 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from Newport city centre
Newport city centre
and 5.5 miles (8.9 km) from Cwmbran. Caerleon
Caerleon
is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the M4 motorway. Caerleon
Caerleon
is accessed via Junction 25 ( Caerleon
Caerleon
Road) for westbound M4 traffic. There is no M4 Junction 25 exit for eastbound M4 traffic so for eastbound traffic Caerleon
Caerleon
is accessed via M4 Junction 26, then A4051 (Malpas Road) and A4042 (Heidenheim Drive) to the Junction 25A offslip. An alternative route to Caerleon
Caerleon
is M4 Junction 24 (Coldra), B4237 (Chepstow Road), then B4236 (Royal Oak Hill/Belmont Hill) over Christchurch. Conversely, traffic joining the M4 from Caerleon
Caerleon
can join the M4 eastbound at Junction 25 but to join the M4 westbound traffic must follow the Junction 25A offslip, Heidenheim Drive, Malpas Road route to M4 Junction 26. Alternatively, traffic can join the M4 both eastbound and westbound at Junction 24.

The Ffwrrwm, Caerleon

The B4596 ( Caerleon
Caerleon
Road) links Newport city centre
Newport city centre
to Caerleon
Caerleon
via M4 Junction 25, crossing Caerleon Bridge
Caerleon Bridge
into Caerleon
Caerleon
High Street. The B4236 ( Ponthir
Ponthir
Road) links Caerleon
Caerleon
to Cwmbran. The Usk
Usk
Road links Caerleon
Caerleon
to Usk. The centre of Caerleon
Caerleon
(High Street, Mill Street and Castle
Castle
Street) is a one-way traffic system and there are car parks at Broadway and Cold Bath Road. A regular bus service links Caerleon
Caerleon
to Newport city centre and Cwmbran. There is a limited City Sightseeing
City Sightseeing
open-top bus service in summer months. A cycle and pedestrian walkway alongside the River Usk
Usk
links Caerleon
Caerleon
to Malpas and Newport city centre
Newport city centre
at Crindau, route 88 of the National Cycle Network.[20] Railways[edit] Trains pass through Caerleon
Caerleon
on the Welsh Marches Line, but trains do not stop at the closed Caerleon
Caerleon
railway station. The nearest passenger stations are Newport railway station, and Cwmbran
Cwmbran
railway station. Airports[edit] The nearest airport is Cardiff Airport
Cardiff Airport
(30 miles/48 km). Located at Rhoose on the Vale of Glamorgan
Glamorgan
Line, requiring a change at Cardiff Central. Education[edit] Education is generally conducted in the English language in schools but at least a mandatory Welsh language
Welsh language
content must be provided under the Welsh education curriculum. There are no Welsh-medium education schools in Caerleon
Caerleon
but there are three primary schools elsewhere in Newport; Ysgol Gymraeg Bro Teyrnon in Brynglas, Ysgol Gymraeg Casnewydd in Ringland and Ysgol Gymraeg Ifor Hael in Bettws. The nearest Welsh-medium secondary school is Ysgol Gyfun Gwynllyw in Trevethin, Pontypool. Primary schools[edit] The primary schools are Charles Williams Church in Wales
Wales
Primary School (one of the largest Church Primary Schools in Wales) and Lodge Hill Primary School.[21][22] Secondary education[edit] Main article: Caerleon
Caerleon
Comprehensive School Higher education[edit] A former campus of the University of South Wales
Wales
is located in Caerleon. The campus closed on 31 July 2016. The campus was the main campus of the University of Wales, Newport
University of Wales, Newport
and the second largest campus of the University of South Wales
Wales
after the merger of universities in 2013. It hosted a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate courses, including education, sports and photography. The campus had extensive sports facilities, library, students' union shop, students' union bar and accommodation blocks. During September 2014, It was announced by the University of South Wales
Wales
that the Caerleon
Caerleon
campus would close in 2016[23] with courses being integrated into the remaining campuses. The University intends to sell the campus for housing development but there is strong opposition to the proposed re-development from local residents.[24] The Caerleon
Caerleon
Civic Society has asked Cadw, the body that looks after historic monuments and buildings in Wales, to give the Edwardian main building Grade II Listed building
Listed building
status to save it from demolition.[25] On 7 August 2016 the Welsh Government
Welsh Government
announced that they would recommend that the main building, gatehouses and gate-piers be listed as ‘buildings of special architectural and historic interest’. The University of South Wales
Wales
expressed their continued opposition to the proposed listing but the announcement was welcomed by local politicians and the Caerleon
Caerleon
Civic Society.[26] Grade II listing of the Main Building, the Principal’s Residence, Gate Piers and Caretaker’s / Gardener’s Lodge was confirmed on the 3 March 2017 .[27]

Housing[edit] Historically housing was largely located on the west bank of the River Usk
Usk
between Caerleon Bridge
Caerleon Bridge
and Caerleon
Caerleon
Common with a small number of houses on the east bank. A number of substantial housing developments have been created to the West of Caerleon: Lodge Hill, Home Farm, Roman Reach, Trinity View, Brooklea and The Brades as well as smaller cluster developments near the centre of the town. Substantial housing developments in nearby Ponthir
Ponthir
and Cwmbran
Cwmbran
has also increased traffic congestion in Caerleon. Sport[edit] In July 1934 land at Bulmore Farm was acquired to build an open-air swimming pool, cafe and restaurant. Bulmore Lido, as it became well known, opened to members of the public in July that year.[28] It closed in the 1980s. The Caerleon
Caerleon
ward is home to the Celtic Manor
Celtic Manor
Resort, location of the 2010 Ryder Cup.[29] Caerleon
Caerleon
also has a good quality 9-hole municipal golf course, driving range and golf clubhouse. However, during winter months the golf course is prone to flooding due to its location alongside the River Usk. The association football club Caerleon A.F.C.
Caerleon A.F.C.
is based in Caerleon along with two rugby union clubs; Newport High School Old Boys RFC
Newport High School Old Boys RFC
and Caerleon
Caerleon
RFC whose grounds are less than a mile apart. Both rugby clubs have large junior sections and Caerleon
Caerleon
Junior Youth Football Club is a substantial junior football club. Caerleon
Caerleon
Bowls
Bowls
Club has a good quality outdoor green. Culture and community[edit]

Tree sculpture in Caerleon

Caerleon
Caerleon
has hosted an arts festival in July each year since 2002, which includes tree sculptors from around the world.[30] Many of the sizeable sculptures are retained around Caerleon
Caerleon
as a Sculpture park and local landmarks. The arts festival coincides with the Roman military re-enactment in the amphitheatre which demonstrates Roman military armour, infantry tactics, cavalry tactics, equipment and siege engines such as ballistae. Live music events and Visual arts
Visual arts
are staged at venues including the open-air Roman Amphitheatre, which hosts plays in the summer. An informative and wide-ranging history of Caerleon
Caerleon
was published in 1970 by local amateur historian Primrose Hockey MBE,[31] who was a founder member of Caerleon
Caerleon
Local History Society. An archive of her local history collection is kept by the Gwent Record Office.[32] St Cadoc's Hospital
St Cadoc's Hospital
in Caerleon
Caerleon
has been featured as a location of episodes in the BBC
BBC
television programmes Doctor Who
Doctor Who
and Being Human. Notable people[edit] Inclusion criteria: notable people who were born, resided or were schooled in Caerleon.

See also Category:People from Caerleon

The Darling Buds
The Darling Buds
(Indie band)[33] John Byrne, Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
recipient Roger Freestone, Wales
Wales
international footballer Len Hill, footballer and cricketer Gary Hocking, motorcycle racer Arthur Machen, author James May, television presenter Lyndon Mustoe, Wales
Wales
international rugby union player Carl Sargent, author Caroline Sheen, actress James Sommerin, chef Wendy van der Plank, actress Nigel Vaughan, Wales
Wales
international footballer Nick Walne, Wales
Wales
international rugby union player Violet Lawrence (born 20 June 1908, in 2010 became Britain's oldest surviving police widow).[34]

See also[edit]

Caerleon
Caerleon
II, racehorse Caerleon
Caerleon
Urban District HMS Caerleon, ship Pontypool, Caerleon
Caerleon
and Newport Railway Usk
Usk
Valley Walk Brigandine (video game)
Brigandine (video game)
in which Caerleon
Caerleon
is a playable country

References[edit]

^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
- Newport City Council". www.newport.gov.uk. Retrieved 31 October 2017.  ^ "Geograph:: The River Usk, looking downstream (C) Roger Cornfoot". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "Lodge Wood Camp". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ Hywel Wyn Jones, The Place-Names of Wales, University of Wales Press, 2005, p.19, ISBN 0-7083-1458-9 ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
Roman harbour find hailed". southwalesargus.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "Priory Field Caerleon
Caerleon
Dig 2008 Cardiff University and UCL Dr Peter Guest and Dr Andrew Gardner". caerleon.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "The Mynde, Caerleon, Wales". caerleon.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "Owain Glyndwr, The Bell at Caerleon". The Bull Inn, Caerleon, June 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2008.  ^ Stuff, Good. "Tower to the south west of, and attached to, The Hanbury Arms". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
Mills and Ponthir
Ponthir
Tinplate Works by Eija Kennerley from Gwent Local History". Caerleon.net. Autumn 1980. Retrieved 27 March 2016.  ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
Market Hall by Eija Kennerley from Gwent Local History". caerleon.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ Hando, F.J., (1951) "Journeys in Gwent", R. H. Johns, Newport: Chapter 2 - The Mari Llwyd at Caerleon. ^ "Gerald of Wales
Wales
Book I, Ch. 5: Usk
Usk
and Caerleon". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2016-03-27.  ^ Ottaway, Patrick; Michael Cyprien (1987). A traveller's guide to Roman Britain. Historical Times. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-918678-19-5.  ^ Castleden, Rodney (1999). King Arthur: The Truth Behind the Legend. Routledge. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-415-19575-1.  ^ Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews, "The Arthurian Battle List" https://www.scribd.com/doc/35181158/The-Arthurian-Battle-List-of-the-Historia-Brittonum-July-2010[permanent dead link] ^ " King Arthur
King Arthur
- Caerleon
Caerleon
And The Legend". caerleon.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "cv nederlands". thierry-lauwers.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ Stewart, Mary (1983). The Wicked Day. USA: Ballantine Books. 143, 147. ISBN 0-449-20519-3.  ^ "'Vital' Caerleon
Caerleon
cycle link opens". southwalesargus.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "charleswilliams". charleswilliams. Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
Lodge Hill Primary School". www.caerleonlodgehillprimary.org. Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ "Campus Changes". University of South Wales
Wales
Campus Changes. Retrieved 8 May 2015.  ^ "Campus Changes". Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "Open Letter". Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ "Lifeline for part of Caerleon
Caerleon
Campus after minister says building should be listed". Retrieved 8 August 2016.  ^ "Historic Caerleon
Caerleon
college campus given listed status by Cadw". Retrieved 4 March 2017.  ^ "The Bulmore Lido, Caerleon
Caerleon
also Bullmore Bullmoor". caerleon.net. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "Dates for the 2010 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Announced «  Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
Diary". www.ryderdiary.com. Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
Festival". caerleon-arts.org. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ Hockey, Primrose (1981) Caerleon
Caerleon
Past and Present. Risca: Starling Press ISBN 0-903434-43-1 ^ "Gwent Record Office, Primrose Hockey Collection, ca. 1915-1993, D4165 at nationalarchives.gov.uk" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ " The Darling Buds
The Darling Buds
- MTV UK". Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ " Caerleon
Caerleon
lady marks 105th birthday with five generations". southwalesargus.co.uk. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

Barber, Chris (1996) Arthurian Caerleon: in literature and legend. Blorenge Books ISBN 1-872730-10-8 Brewer, Richard J. (2000) Caerleon
Caerleon
and the Roman Army: Roman Legionary Museum, a guide ; 2nd ed. Cardiff: National Museum Wales
Wales
Books ISBN 0-7200-0488-8 (1st ed. Caerleon
Caerleon
- Isca: the Roman Legionary Museum, 1987)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caerleon.

Photos of Caerleon
Caerleon
and surrounding area Caerleon
Caerleon
Castle Roman Caerleon
Caerleon
& King Arthur National Roman Legion
Roman Legion
Museum Home to the Academy of Historical Fencing Encyclopædia Britannica: Caerleon Caerleon
Caerleon
Arts Home Page Caerleon
Caerleon
Net

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Districts of Newport

Allt-yr-yn Alway Baneswell Barnardtown Bassaleg Beechwood Bettws Bishpool Bishton Brynglas Bulmore Caerleon Castleton Cat's Ash Christchurch Coedkernew Crindau Duffryn Gaer Glan Llyn Goldcliff Graig High Cross Langstone Lliswerry Llanmartin Llanvaches Llanwern Lower Machen Maesglas Maindee Malpas Marshfield Mendalgief Michaelstone Nash Parc Seymour Penhow Peterstone Pillgwenlly Redwick Rhiwderin Ringland Riverside Rogerstone Shaftesbury Somerton St. Brides St. Julian's Stow Hill Tredegar Park Underwood Uskmouth Victoria Wentlooge Wentwood Forest Whitson Wilcrick

Buildings and structures

Beechwood House Brynglas
Brynglas
House Chartist Mural Coleg Gwent Dragon Park, Wales
Wales
National Football Development Centre Friars Walk Isca Augusta Kingsway Shopping Centre Lysaght Institute Mansion House National Roman Legion
Roman Legion
Museum Newport Castle Newport Cathedral Newport Civic Centre Newport International Sports Village Newport Market Newport Museum
Newport Museum
Art Gallery and Central Library Neon Newport Stadium Newport Technical Institute Newport Tennis Centre Newport Transporter Bridge Pencoed Castle Riverfront Arts Centre Rodney Parade Roman Baths Museum Shire Hall South East Wales
Wales
Regional Swimming Pool St. Mark's Church St. Paul's Church Tredegar House University of South Wales Wales
Wales
National Velodrome West Usk
Usk
Lighthouse Westgate Hotel Ye Olde Murenger House

Politics

Newport City Council Coat of arms of Newport Mayor of Newport Newport Rising UK Parliamentary constituencies

Newport West Newport East

National Assembly for Wales
Wales
constituencies

Newport West

Newport East

European Parliament constituency

Wales

Council elections

2008 2012 2017

Electoral wards of Newport City Council

Allt-yr-yn Alway Beechwood Bettws Caerleon Gaer Graig Langstone Lliswerry Llanwern Malpas Marshfield Pillgwenlly Ringland Rogerstone Shaftesbury St. Julian's Stow Hill Tredegar Park Victoria

Community councils

Allt-yr-yn Alway Beechwood Bettws Bishton Caerleon Coedkernew Gaer Goldcliff Graig Langstone Lliswerry Llanvaches Llanwern Malpas Marshfield Michaelstone-y-Fedw Nash Penhow Pillgwenlly Redwick Ringland Rogerstone Shaftesbury St Julians Stow Hill Tredegar Park Victoria Wentlooge

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123177738 GN

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