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Caen
Caen
stone (French: Pierre de Caen), is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone quarried in north-western France near the city of Caen. The limestone is a fine grained oolitic limestone formed in shallow water lagoons in the Bathonian
Bathonian
Age about 167 million years ago. The stone is homogeneous, and therefore suitable for carving.

Contents

1 Use in building

1.1 Notable examples

2 See also 3 References

Use in building[edit] The stone was first used for building in the Gallo-Roman
Gallo-Roman
period with production from open cast quarries restarting in the 11th century. Shipped to England, Canterbury Cathedral, Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
and the Tower of London
Tower of London
were all partially built from Caen
Caen
stone. Underground mining developed in the 19th century, but the stone trade declined in the 20th century eventually ceasing in the 1960s. Excavation restarted in the 1980s with the stone being used for building the Caen
Caen
Memorial. A 2004 decree by Caen
Caen
city council authorised the annual quarrying of 9000 tonnes of stone. Notable examples[edit]

Caen
Caen
stone was used in the construction of the late 11th century austere Norman Romanesque Church of Saint-Étienne, at the Abbaye-aux-Hommes
Abbaye-aux-Hommes
(on the east side of Caen), which was founded by William the Conqueror, whose tomb is located there. The Norman Romanesque Church of La Trinité, at the Abbaye-aux-Dames (on the west side of the city), was founded by William's wife, Matilda. Her tomb is located there. Both abbeys in Caen
Caen
were built with Caen
Caen
stone in Norman Romanesque style, and both were unscathed by heavy aerial bombing in July 1944 that destroyed much of the city, as they were being used by the local populace to shelter from the air raids.[1] Used by the Normans for the cathedral and castle in Norwich, where it was brought by boat up the River Wensum. Caen
Caen
stone was also used extensively in Canterbury cathedral. It was used by Henry I of England at Reading Abbey
Reading Abbey
and fine examples of Romanesque sculpture in Caen stone are in the collection at the Museum of Reading. Perhaps the most famous building in Caen
Caen
stone built in Norman times is the Tower of London. Caen
Caen
stone continued to be a popular material in Britain after the Norman period. For example, it was used for parts of the 19th century clock tower at the Palace of Westminster. Caen
Caen
stone has also been exported to the United States, Bermuda and recently Saudi Arabia. The narthex screen on the east wall of the sanctuary at Old South Church
Old South Church
in Boston, Massachusetts is built of Caen
Caen
stone.

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caen
Caen
stone.

Normandy portal

List of types of limestone

References[edit]

Geology of Normandy (French Language) List of buildings which have used Caen
Caen
Stone (French Language) "La Pierre de Caen", press Article in "Patrimoine Normand" (French Language)

Notes

^ page 28 of guidebook published by the Society of Friends of St E

.