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The CABINET SECRETARY is a post and a rank in the Government of India , who is the top most executive official and senior-most civil servant in India
India
. The Cabinet Secretary is the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board, the Cabinet Secretariat , the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India.

The Cabinet Secretary is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister . Though there is no fixed tenure, the average tenure of the Cabinet Secretary has been less than 3 years. His or her tenure however, can be extended.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Origin

* 2 Functions * 3 Power and Role in Government

* 4 Head of the All India
India
Civil Services

* 4.1 List of Cabinet Secretary of India
India
after 1950

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

ORIGIN

The Executive Council (precursor of the Cabinet) of the Viceroy of India
India
used to have a Secretariat, which was headed by the Private Secretary of the Viceroy. Initially the role of this Secretariat was merely taking care of the paper work related to the Executive Council. As work of the individual departments (precursor of Ministries) under the Council increased, the work of the Secretariat, too, became more complex. The Private Secretary came to be known as the Secretary of the Secretariat. And this post became more powerful over time as the Secretariat’s main role became coordinating work of departments. In 1946, the Secretariat became Cabinet Secretariat and the Secretary became Cabinet Secretary.

After Independence in 1947, the functions of the Secretariat underwent major changes. A series of committees on economic, defence and intelligence matters were constituted under the Cabinet Secretariat. Most of the departments created after Independence functioned under the Cabinet Secretariat, and were later on shifted to the respective ministries. The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the civil service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment. For nearly 25 years after independence of India, the post of the Cabinet Secretary was occupied by members of the erstwhile Indian Civil Service
Indian Civil Service
(ICS). All members of ICS used to be young since the upper age limit for joining was 24 years.

The retirement age in the Government of India
Government of India
before 1962 was 55 years. Therefore, the ICS officers would become Cabinet Secretaries after about 32 years of Service. When the retirement age increased to 58 years in 1962, the Cabinet Secretaries had an experience of about 34–35 years before they occupied that post. With further increase in retirement age to 60 years in 1998, Cabinet Secretaries have generally served for 37–38 years of service before their appointment.

FUNCTIONS

The following are the functions of a Cabinet Secretary:

* Chief Advisor to the Prime Minister of India * Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers * Head of the all- India
India
civil services * Handle senior appointments * Prepare the agenda of the Cabinet * Attend the meetings of the Cabinet * Ensure that the Cabinet decisions are implemented * Act as the Chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration * Act as the Chairman of the Chief Secretaries Committee * Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises

POWER AND ROLE IN GOVERNMENT

The Cabinet Secretariat of Indiais official office of Cabinet Secretary of India.

In the Government of India
Government of India
Allocation of Business Rules, 1961 "Cabinet Secretariat" finds a place in the First Schedule to the Rules. The subjects allotted to this Secretariat are, firstly, secretarial assistance to Cabinet and Cabinet Committees, and secondly, the administration of the Rules of Business.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India
Government of India
Transaction of Business Rules, 1961 and the Government of India
Government of India
Allocation of Business Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/adhoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are also promoted.

The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President of India, the Vice-President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Departments by means of a monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of the various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Cabinet Secretariat has 3 wings: Civil, Military and Intelligence. The Civil wing is the main wing and provides aid, advice and assistance to the Union Cabinet. The purpose of having the Military wing is to provide better coordination in Intelligence and to provide secretarial assistance to the Defence Committee of the Cabinet and the National Defence Council. The Military wing is represented by Major General
Major General
(or equivalent) who is designated as Joint Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat. The Intelligence wing deals with matters pertaining to the Joint Intelligence Committee of the Union Cabinet. The chief of Research and Analysis WingR">

* ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/7th-pay-commission-cleared-what-is-pay-commission-how-does-it-effect-our-pockets/1/703452.html * ^ Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India
Government of India
(8 June 2011). "Complete List of Cabinet Secretaries since 1950". New Delhi: Government of India. Retrieved 15 September 2011.