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The Cabinet Secretary (IAST: Maṃtrimaṇḍala Saciva) is the top-most executive official and senior-most civil servant of the Government of India. The cabinet secretary is the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board, the Cabinet Secretariat, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the government. The cabinet secretary is generally the senior-most officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The cabinet secretary ranks 11th on the Indian order of precedence. The cabinet secretary is under the direct charge of the prime minister.
2 Functions and power 3 Role
3.1 Head of the All
4 Emolument, accommodation and perquisites
5 List of Cabinet Secretaries of
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The precursor of the cabinet, the Executive Council of the Viceroy,
used to have a Secretariat, which was headed by the Private Secretary
of the Viceroy. At first, the role of this Secretariat was merely
taking care of the paperwork related to the Executive Council. As work
of the individual departments under the Council increased, the work of
the Secretariat, too, became more complex. The Private Secretary came
to be known as the Secretary of the Secretariat. And this post became
more powerful over time as the Secretariat’s main role became
coordinating work of departments. In 1946, the secretariat became
cabinet secretariat and the secretary became cabinet secretary.
After Independence in 1947, the functions of the Secretariat underwent
major changes. A series of committees on economic, defence and
intelligence matters were constituted under the Cabinet Secretariat.
Most of the departments created after Independence functioned under
the Cabinet Secretariat, and were later on shifted to the respective
ministries. The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the
civil service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the
everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair
and decent environment. For nearly 25 years after independence of
India, the post of the cabinet secretary was occupied by members of
Indian Civil Service
Heads the Cabinet Secretariat. Acts as the chief coordinator of the central government. Acts as the chairman of the Civil Services Board, which among other things, recommends empanelment of officers, for the ranks of secretary, additional secretary and joint secretary. Act as the chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration. Act as the chairman of the Conference of Chief Secretaries of States. Acts as the chairman of the Strategic Policy Group. Recommends postings of officers of the rank of secretary and additional Secretary to the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC). Acts as the chairman of Senior Selection Board, which recommends postings of officers of the rank of joint secretary in the Union Government to the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC). Acts as a senior adviser to the prime minister. Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers. Prepares the agenda of the cabinet and minutes its meetings. Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises.
Cabinet Secretariat of India
In the Government of
An Indian Diplomatic Passport, and an Official Passport generally issued to The cabinet secretary.
The cabinet secretary to Government of
Cabinet secretary monthly pay
Base salary as per 7th Pay Commission (Per month) Pay matrix level Sources
₹250,000 (US$3,800) Pay level 18 
List of Cabinet Secretaries of
Cabinet Secretaries of
Name From To Tenure Notes
N. R. Pillai 6 February 1950 13 May 1953 2 years, 7 months, 8 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He was the first head of the civil service since Independence of India.
Y. N. Sukthankar 14 May 1953 31 July 1957 4 years, 2 months, 17 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
M. K. Vellodi 1 August 1957 4 June 1958 10 months, 3 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He later served as Chief Minister of Hyderabad State.
Vishnu Sahay 1 July 1958 10 November 1960 2 years, 4 months, 9 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
B. N. Jha 10 November 1960 8 March 1961 3 months, 26 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
Vishnu Sahay 9 March 1961 15 April 1962 1 year, 1 month, 6 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
S. S. Khera 15 April 1962 18 November 1964 2 years, 7 months, 3 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service. He is the first Sikh to become Cabinet secretary. He was known for use of tanks against rioters in meerut riots of 1947.
Dharma Vira 18 November 1964 27 June 1966 1 year, 7 months, 9 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
D. S. Joshi 27 June 1966 31 December 1968 2 years, 6 months, 4 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
B. Sivaraman 1 January 1969 30 November 1970 1 year, 10 months, 29 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
T. Swaminathan 1 December 1970 2 November 1972 1 year, 11 months, 1 day He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
B. D. Pande 2 November 1972 31 March 1977 4 years, 4 months, 29 days He was a member of the Indian Civil Service.
N. K. Mukarji
31 March 1977
31 March 1980
He was a member of the
Indian Civil Service
S. S. Grewal
2 April 1980
30 April 1981
1 year, 28 days
She belongs to the
Indian Administrative Service
C. R. Krishnaswamy Rao 30 April 1981 8 February 1985 4 years, 9 months, 9 days He belongs to the IAS (AP:1949 batch). He is the longest serving Cabinet Secretary ever in history of Independent India.
P. K. Kaul 8 February 1985 22 August 1986 1 year, 6 months, 14 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1951 batch).
B. G. Deshmukh 23 August 1986 27 March 1989 2 years, 7 months, 4 days He belongs to the IAS (MH:1951 batch).
T. N. Seshan 27 March 1989 23 December 1989 8 months, 26 days He belongs to the IAS (TN:1955 batch). He is the shortest serving Cabinet Secretary ever in history of Independent India.
V. C. Pande 23 December 1989 11 December 1990 11 months, 18 days He belongs to the IAS (RJ:1955 batch).
Naresh Chandra 11 December 1990 31 July 1992 1 year, 7 months, 20 days He belongs to the IAS (RJ:1956 batch).
S. Rajagopal 1 August 1992 31 July 1993 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (MH:1957 batch).
Zafar Saifullah 31 July 1993 31 July 1994 1 year He belongs to the IAS (KA:1958 batch).
Surendra Singh 1 August 1994 31 July 1996 1 year, 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1959 batch).
T. S. R. Subramanian 1 August 1996 31 March 1998 1 year, 7 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1961 batch).
Prabhat Kumar 1 April 1998 31 October 2000 2 years, 6 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1963 batch).
T. R. Prasad 1 November 2000 31 October 2002 1 year, 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (AP:1963 batch).
Kamal Pande 1 November 2002 14 June 2004 1 year, 7 months, 13 days He belongs to the IAS (UK:1965 batch).
B. K. Chaturvedi 14 June 2004 13 June 2007 2 years, 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1966 batch).
K. M. Chandrasekhar 14 June 2007 13 June 2011 3 years, 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (KL:1970 batch).
Ajit Seth 14 June 2011 13 June 2015 3 years, 11 months, 30 days He belongs to the IAS (UP:1974 batch).
P. K. Sinha 14 June 2015 Incumbent — He belongs to the IAS (UP:1977 batch).
Defence Secretary (India) Foreign Secretary (India) Home Secretary (India) Chief Secretary (India)
^ a b "PK Sinha is the top boss". GFiles Magazine. June 15, 2015.
Retrieved September 24, 2017.
^ a b "Report of the 7th Central
Pay Commission of India" (PDF).
Seventh Central Pay Commission, Government of India. Retrieved August
^ a b Biswas, Shreya, ed. (June 29, 2016). "7th Pay Commission
cleared: What is the Pay Commission? How does it affect salaries?".
Cabinet Secretariat--Government of India
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