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CAB Direct is a source of references for the '' applied life sciences'' It incorporates two bibliographic databases: ''CAB Abstracts'' and ''Global Health''. CAB Direct is an access point for multiple
bibliographic databases A bibliographic database is a database In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of b ...
produced by ''CABI''. This database contains 8.8 million
bibliographic recordA bibliographic record is an entry in a bibliographic index (or a library catalog) which represents and describes a specific resource. A bibliographic record contains the data elements necessary to help users identify and retrieve that resource, as w ...
s, which includes 85,000 full text articles. It also includes noteworthy literature reviews. News articles and reports are also part of this combined database. In the U.K., in 1947, the ''Imperial Agricultural Bureaux'' became the ''Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux'' or ''CAB''. In 1986 the ''Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux'' became ''
CAB International CABI (legal name CAB International, formerly Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux) is a not-for-profit inter-governmental development and information organisation focusing primarily on agriculture, agricultural and environmentalism, environmental iss ...
'' or ''CABI''


CAB Abstracts

CAB Abstracts is an applied life sciences bibliographic database emphasizing
agricultural Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agricultural
literature, which is international in scope. It contains 8 million records, with coverage from 1973 to present day, adding 360,000 abstracts per year. Subject coverage includes
agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agriculture
,
environment Environment most often refers to: __NOTOC__ * Natural environment, all living and non-living things occurring naturally * Biophysical environment, the physical and biological factors along with their chemical interactions that affect an organism or ...
,
veterinary Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine Medicine is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such ...

veterinary
sciences,
applied economics Applied economics is the application of economic theory Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Co ...
,
food science Food science is the basic science Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, is a type of scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has charact ...
and nutrition. Database covers international issues in agriculture,
forestry Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, planting, using, conserving and repairing forest A forest is an area of land dominated by tree In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated Plant stem, ste ...
, and allied disciplines in the life sciences. Indexed publications are from 120 countries in 50 languages, including English abstracts for most articles. Literature coverage includes journals, proceedings, books, and a large collection of agricultural serials. Other non-journal formats are also indexed.


CAB Abstracts Archive

CAB Abstracts Archive is a searchable database produced by ''CABI''. It is created from 600 volumes of printed abstracts, which are the collected and published
scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century (with notable practitioners in previous centuries). It involves careful ...
from 1910 to 1972, and then digitized to form the archive. This archive database contains more than 1.8 million records which covers agriculture,
veterinary Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine Medicine is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such ...

veterinary
science, nutrition and the environment. Subject coverage also includes
biodiversity Biodiversity is the biological variety and Genetic variability, variability of life, life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at the Genetics, genetic, species, and ecosystem level. Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near ...

biodiversity
,
pest control Pest control is the regulation or management of a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often def ...
,
environmental pollution Pollution is the introduction of contaminant Contamination is the presence of a constituent, impurity, or some other undesirable element that spoils, corrupts, infects, makes unfit, or makes inferior a material, physical body, natural envi ...

environmental pollution
, animal disease (including
zoonotic disease A zoonosis (plural zoonoses, or zoonotic diseases) is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pathogen, disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host (bio ...
s),
nutrition Nutrition is the biochemical and physiological process by which an organism uses food to support its life. It includes ingestion, Absorption (biology), absorption, Assimilation (biology), assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism and excretion. ...
, and
food production The food industry is a complex, global network of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the World population, world's population. The term food industries covers a series of industrial activities directed at the product ...
.
Natural resource management Natural resource management (NRM) is the management of natural resource Natural resources are resource Resource refers to all the materials available in our environment which help us to satisfy our needs and wants. Resources can broadl ...
includes plant and
animal breeding Animal breeding is a branch of animal science Animal science (also bioscience) is described as "studying the biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Bioc ...
. CAB Abstracts Archive is also indexed in other databases, which also serve as access points. These other databases are ''CAB Direct'',
Web of Knowledge Web of Science (previously known as Web of Knowledge) is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic discipline An academic discipline or academic ...
,
EBSCOhost EBSCO Information Services, headquartered in Ipswich, Massachusetts Ipswich is a coastal in , , United States. The population was 13,785 at the 2020 census. Home to Willowdale State Forest and , Ipswich includes the southern part of . A reside ...
, OvidSP, and
Dialog Dialogue Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
. The following print journals (digitized) comprise CAB Abstracts Archive: :Animal Breeding Abstracts, Dairy Science Abstracts, Field Crop Abstracts, :Forestry Abstracts, Horticultural Science Abstracts, Nematological Abstracts, :Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews Series A: Human and Experimental, :Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews Series B: Livestock Feeds and Feeding, :Plant Breeding Abstracts, Review of Agricultural Entomology, :Review of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, Review of Plant Pathology, :Review of Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Review of Plant Pathology, :Soils and Fertilizers, Tropical Veterinary Bulletin, Veterinary Bulletin :and Weed Abstracts.


Weed Abstracts

''Weed Abstracts'', derived from CAB Abstracts, is an abstracts database focused on published research regarding
weed A weed is a plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, convert light energy into chemical energy that, through cellular respiration, can late ...

weed
s and
herbicides Herbicides (, ), also commonly known as weedkillers, are substances used to control unwanted plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, conv ...
. This includes weed biology, encompassing
research areas
research areas
from
genetics Genetics is a branch of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, ...

genetics
to
ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. Ecology considers organisms In biol ...
, including
parasitic Parasitism is a Symbiosis, close relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or inside another organism, the Host (biology), host, causing it some harm, and is adaptation (biology), adapted structurally to this w ...
,
poisonous In biology, poisons are Chemical substance, substances that can cause death, injury or harm to organs, Tissue (biology), tissues, Cell (biology), cells, and DNA usually by chemical reactions or other activity (chemistry), activity on the molecula ...

poisonous
,
allergenic An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body. Such reactions are called Allergy, allergies. In technic ...
and
aquatic Aquatic means relating to water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphe ...
weeds. Further coverage includes all topics related to
weed control Weed control is the botanical component of pest control Pest control is the regulation or management of a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, ...
, in both
crop A crop is a plant that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence. Crops may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state. Most crops are cultivated in agriculture Agriculture is th ...

crop
and non-crop situations. Research on herbicides, includes formulations,
herbicide resistance Herbicides (, ), also commonly known as weedkillers, are substances used to control unwanted plants.EPA. February 201Pesticides Industry. Sales and Usage 2006 and 2007: Market Estimates. Summary in press releasMain page for EPA reports on pestic ...
and the effects of herbicide residues in the environment. 10,000 records are add to this database per year. ''Weed Abstracts'' is updated weekly with summaries from notable English and foreign language journal articles, reports, conferences and books about weeds and herbicides. With the back-file, coverage is from 1990 to present day bringing the total of available research summaries to 130,000 records.


Global Health database

''Global Health'' is a bibliographic database which focuses on research literature in
public health Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease", prolonging life and improving quality of life Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a s ...

public health
and medical health science sectors (including practice). Information (see infobox above) in indexed in more than 5000
academic journals An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of w ...
, and indexed from other sources such as reports, books and conferences. Global Health contains over 1.2 million
scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and predictions about the universe."... modern science is a discovery as well as an invention. ...

scientific
records from 1973 to the present, with an addition of 90,000 indexed and abstracted records per year. Sources are abstracted from publications in 158 countries written in 50 languages. Any relevant non-English-language papers are translated into English. Proceedings, patents, thesis papers, electronic publications and relevant but difficult-to-find literature sources are also part of this database.


Global Health Archive

''Global Health Archive'' is a searchable database produced by CABI. It is created from 800,000 records, from six printed abstract journals, which are collected published scientific research from 1910 to 1972, digitized to form the archive. Global Health Archive is also indexed in other databases, which also serve as access points. These other databases are ''CAB Direct'',
Web of Knowledge Web of Science (previously known as Web of Knowledge) is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic discipline An academic discipline or academic ...
,
EBSCOhost EBSCO Information Services, headquartered in Ipswich, Massachusetts Ipswich is a coastal in , , United States. The population was 13,785 at the 2020 census. Home to Willowdale State Forest and , Ipswich includes the southern part of . A reside ...
, OvidSP, and
Dialog Dialogue Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
. When combined with the ''Global Health'' database indexing coverage can be from 1910 to present day. Hence, coverage is made up of past
epidemics An epidemic (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approx ...
, from rates and patterns of disease
transmission Transmission may refer to: Science and technology * Power transmissionPower transmission is the movement of energy from its place of generation to a location where it is applied to perform useful Mechanical work, work. Power (physics), Power is d ...
, duration of
pandemics A pandemic (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 mil ...
, timing of epidemiological peaks, geographic distribution of diseases, and government preparedness and
quarantine A quarantine is a restriction on the movement of people, animals and goods which is intended to prevent the spread of disease A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure A structure is an arr ...

quarantine
provisions. The following can also be taken into account: effects on different age and
social groups In the social sciences, a social group can be defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity. Regardless, social groups come in a myriad of sizes and varieties ...
, severity in developing vs. developed countries,
symptoms Signs and symptoms are the observed or detectable signs, and experienced symptoms of an illness, injury, or condition. A sign for example may be a higher or lower temperature than normal, raised or lowered blood pressure or an abnormality show ...

symptoms
, causes of
mortality Mortality is the state of being mortal, or susceptible to death (1906) Death is the permanent, Irreversible process, irreversible cessation of all biological process, biological functions that sustain a living organism. Brain death is some ...

mortality
- such as secondary problems like
pneumonia Pneumonia is an inflammatory Inflammatory may refer to: * Inflammation, a biological response to harmful stimuli * The word ''inflammatory'' is also used to refer literally to fire and flammability, and figuratively in relation to comments t ...

pneumonia
- and mortality rates.


Journal and topic coverage

Records for this database are derived from the following journals throughout certain years: :Tropical Diseases Bulletin (1912-83), :Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases (1926-83), :Review of Veterinary and Medical Entomology (1913-72), :Review of Veterinary and Medical Mycology (1943-72) :Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews (1931-72), and Helminthological Abstracts (1932-72). Subject coverage includes
Public health Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease", prolonging life and improving quality of life Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a s ...

Public health
,
Tropical The tropics are the region of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% ...
and
Communicable disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce. An infectious disease, also known as a transmi ...
s, Nutrition,
Parasitology Parasitology is the study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them. As a biological discipline, the scope of parasitology is not determined by the organism or environment in question but by their way of life. This means it f ...
,
Entomology Entomology () is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. Th ...
, and
Mycology Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungus, fungi, including their genetics, genetic and biochemistry, biochemical properties, their Taxonomy (biology), taxonomy and ethnomycology, their use to humans as a source for t ...
.


Tropical Diseases Bulletin

''Tropical Diseases Bulletin'' is a bibliographic and abstracts database which focuses on research published regarding
infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host A host is a person responsible for guests at an event or for providing hospitality during it. Host may ...
s and
public health Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease", prolonging life and improving quality of life Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a s ...

public health
in
developing countries A developing country is a sovereign state with a less developed Industrial sector, industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. However, this definition is not universally agreed upon. There is also no ...

developing countries
and the
tropics The tropics are the region of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% ...

tropics
and
subtropics The subtropical zones or subtropics are geographical zone, geographical and Köppen climate classification, climate zones located to the north and south of the tropics, Torrid Zone. Geographically part of the Geographical zone#Temperate zones, ...

subtropics
. This includes research areas from
epidemiology Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns and risk factor, determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions ...
to
diagnosis Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon. Diagnosis is used in many different academic discipline, disciplines, with variations in the use of logic, analytics, and experience, to determine "causality, cause a ...
,
therapy A therapy or medical treatment (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution ...
to
disease prevention Preventive healthcare, or prophylaxis, consists of measures taken for disease prevention.Hugh R. Leavell and E. Gurney Clark as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health and efficiency. ...
,
tropical medicine Tropical medicine is an interdisciplinary branch of medicine that deals with health issues that occur uniquely, are more widespread, or are more difficult to control in tropical and subtropical regions. Physicians in this field diagnose and trea ...
, and related aspects of
travel medicine Travel medicine or emporiatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and management of health problems of international travelers. Globalization and travel Globalization facilitates the spread of disease and increases the numbe ...
. Published research coverage on
patients A patient is any recipient of health care Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution of the ...
and populations encompasses the health of marginalized populations:
immigrant Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...

immigrant
s,
refugee A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person Forced displacement (also forced migration) is an involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region In geography, regions are areas that are broa ...

refugee
s, and
indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating to specific countries), or autochthonous peoples, are culturally distinct e ...
. Back-file coverage is from 1990 to present day, with an accessible base of 195,000 abstracts and the addition of 11,000 records per year. As a monthly journal ''Tropical Diseases Bulletin'' is also available in print. This print journal has author, subject and serials cited indexes. Coverage of the print back-file is to 1912. A searchable, electronic database version of this journal is part of the ''Global Health Archive'' (see above).


Organic Research Database

This indexing database focuses on scientific literature pertaining to all topics in
organic farming Organic farming is an agricultural system that uses fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure Animal manure is often a mixture of animal feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable.">stable.html" ;"title="feces and ...
, in both the
temperate In geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populati ...

temperate
and
tropical zone The tropics are the region of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life. About 29% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continent A continent is one of several larg ...
s. This includes and
soil fertility Soil fertility refers to the ability of soil Soil is a mixture In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter. It is a natural science that covers the Chemical element, elements th ...
. Coverage is global; literature is obtained from 125 countries. The temporal coverage spans 30 years, 180,000 organic research abstracts, along with the addition of 8000 records per year. Linking to full text articles, guided searches, broad subject categorization along with subject refinement are also provided. The editorial advisory board of this database also commission reviews pertaining to organic farming.


CABI full text repository

''CABI full text repository'' is integrated into all ''CABI databases'' including CAB Abstracts, and Global Health. Both of these are online and print journals. Coverage includes 70,000 full text articles, through agreements with third party publishers. Eighty percent of the content is exclusive to CABI. The full text repository is made up of fifty percent journal articles, and equal percentage of conference (proceeding) papers, and other accessible literature is also included. Eighty percent of the articles are in English and coverage includes 56 countries. Also included in this database are relevant but hard to find materials which crosses disciplines consisting of
agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agriculture
,
health Health, according to the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each ...
and the
life sciences This list of life sciences comprises the branches of science The branches of science, also referred to as sciences, "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines," are commonly divided into three major groups: *Formal sciences: the stu ...
. Mainstream literature and hard to find materials of equal relevance are given equal access. ''CABI full text repository'' is indexed in other databases, which also serve as access points, consisting of ''Web of Knowledge (Thomson Reuters)'', ''CAB Direct'', ''OvidSP, Dialog, Dimdi, and EBSCOhost''.


See also

*
Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine A search engine is a software system A software system is a system of intercommunicating software component, components based on forming part of a computer system (a combination of Compu ...
*
List of academic databases and search engines This article contains a representative list of notable databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication Periodical li ...
*
Lists of academic journals The following is a partial list of lists of academic journals. Lists of journals By topic By country * List of 18th-century British periodicals * List of 19th-century British periodicals * List of academic journals published in Serbia * ...
*
List of open-access journals This is a list of open-access journals by field. The list contains notable journals which have a policy of full open access. It does not include delayed open access journals, hybrid open access journals, or related collections or indexing service ...
*
List of scientific journals The following is a partial list of scientific journals. There are thousands of scientific journal In academic publishing Academic publishing is the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic w ...


References

{{Reflist Bibliographic databases and indexes
Environmental science Environmental science Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information science Information science (also known as information studies) is an academic field which is primar ...
International medical and health organizations