CéSAR (born Cesare Baldaccini, 1 January 1921 – 6 December 1998), also occasionally referred to as CéSAR BALDACCINI, was a noted French sculptor .
César was at the forefront of the Nouveau Réalisme movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, or rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foam sculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects.
* 1 Biography * 2 Works on public display * 3 Sources * 4 References * 5 External links
He was a French sculptor, born in 1921 of Italian parents from
His first one-man exhibition was at the Galerie Lucien Durand , Paris, 1954.
His early work used soldered and welded metal as well as junk
materials, and by 1960 César was considered one of France's leading
sculptors. In that year, on a visit to a scrap merchant in search of
metal, he saw a hydraulic crushing machine in operation, and decided
to experiment with it in his sculpture. He astonished his followers by
showing three crushed cars at a
Later the same year he joined the
Nouveaux Réalistes (New Realists)
In 1965, he started to work with plastics, first with plastic moulds of human imprints, then from 1966 by pouring expanded polyurethane , which was allowed to expand and solidify. He gave up making welded-metal sculpture in 1966 and organised a series of Happenings from 1967-1970, in which he produced expansions in the presence of an audience. His later works also included sculptures made out of molten crystal.
In 1995, he was asked to paint a McLaren F1 GTR that participated in the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans . The car Chassis GTR5 is still in the livery created by César, and represents the only 'Art Car" based on the iconic Mclaren.
He is the creator of the César du cinéma trophy, which is awarded to the best in French cinema .
He was made Chevalier (Knight) of the Légion d\'honneur on 22 January 1978 and promoted Officier (Officer) in 1993.
He married Rosine and had one daughter Anna.
He died in
WORKS ON PUBLIC DISPLAY
Examples of César's work can be seen in the permanent collection of
le Centre national d'art et de culture Georges-Pompidou (Bas relief,
Tortue, le Diable) and the Musée d'art moderne de la Ville de Paris
(Facel Véga). He also designed his own grave at the Cemetery of
Montparnasse , on the esplanade de