César (born Cesare Baldaccini, 1 January 1921 – 6 December 1998), also occasionally referred to as César Baldaccini, was a noted French sculptor. César was at the forefront of the Nouveau Réalisme movement with his radical compressions (compacted automobiles, discarded metal, or rubbish), expansions (polyurethane foam sculptures), and fantastic representations of animals and insects.
1 Biography 2 Works on public display 3 Sources 4 References 5 External links
He was a French sculptor, born in 1921 of Italian parents from Tuscany
in the working-class neighbourhood of la Belle-de-Mai in Marseilles.
His father was a cooper and bar owner. After studying at the Ecole des
In 1965, he started to work with plastics, first with plastic moulds
of human imprints, then from 1966 by pouring expanded polyurethane,
which was allowed to expand and solidify. He gave up making
welded-metal sculpture in 1966 and organised a series of Happenings
from 1967-1970, in which he produced expansions in the presence of an
audience. His later works also included sculptures made out of molten
In 1995, he was asked to paint a McLaren F1 GTR that participated in
the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans. The car Chassis GTR5 is still in the
livery created by César, and represents the only 'Art Car" based on
the iconic Mclaren.
He is the creator of the César du cinéma trophy, which is awarded to
the best in French cinema.
He was made Chevalier (Knight) of the
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p. 99. Le Monde, 12 January 2008
^ a b "Décret du 29 mars 1993 portant promotion et nomination". JORF. 1993 (86): 6230. April 11, 1993. PREX9310954D. Retrieved April 5, 2009. ^ César Baldaccini: Conserve expansion - Martial Raysse
Wikimedia Commons has media related to César Baldaccini.
Cesar Baldaccini at Find-a grave.com
National Galleries of Scotland Website
(in French) César Baldaccini
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112170091 LCCN: n50017614 ISNI: 0000 0001 1083 8032 GND: 118667696 SUDOC: 02744919X BNF: cb120870730 (data) ULAN: 500024535 RKD: 16