Cà Mau is a triangular stretch of land, with a maximum length of 130 miles and average height of seven feet above the sea level. Its formation is almost totally the result of the deposits of the Mekong River, which is also behind the Cape Bai formation at the tail end of the peninsula.
Roads came to the Cà Mau after the Second World War. The peninsula's geographic features change dramatically as it tapers southward, the plains giving way to dense, tropical mangrove swamps. The serpentine waterways of the swamps have been a rich source of fish for the locals. The economy of the region is based on cultivated as well as natural products. Rice, honey, wax, fibre mats and fish are some of the things the locals of the region trade and export. The Cà Mau Peninsula was also once a citadel of the Viet Minh and Viet Cong guerrillas.
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