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The Butt-Millet Memorial
Memorial
Fountain
Fountain
is a memorial fountain located in the President's Park
President's Park
in Washington, D.C., in the United States. Dedicated in October 1913, it commemorates the deaths of Archibald Butt (the military aide to President William Howard Taft) and Francis Davis Millet (a journalist and painter, and Butt's close friend and housemate). Both men died during the sinking of the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
on April 15, 1912.

Contents

1 Genesis of the memorial fountain

1.1 Building the memorial

2 About the memorial 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Genesis of the memorial fountain[edit]

Archibald Butt
Archibald Butt
in 1909.

Archibald Butt
Archibald Butt
was a Captain in the United States Army
United States Army
Quartermaster Corps who had served in The Philippines
The Philippines
from 1898 to 1904; Washington, D.C., from 1904 to 1906, and Cuba
Cuba
from 1906 to 1908.[1] Theodore Roosevelt had become acquainted with Butt's logistics and animal husbandry work in the Philippines and was impressed by his hard work and thoughtfulness.[2] Taft had served as chair of the Second Philippine Commission (the body which was organizing a civilian government in the country in the wake of the Spanish–American War and the first battles of the Philippine–American War) from 1900 to 1901 and as Governor-General of the Philippines
Governor-General of the Philippines
from 1901 to 1904. Taft knew Butt well from their time together overseas.[1] Roosevelt asked Butt to serve as his military aide in April 1908.[3] When Taft became president in March 1909, he asked Butt to stay on as military aide. Butt proved to have strong negotiating skills and a good head for numbers, which enabled him to become Taft's de facto chief negotiator on federal budget issues.[4] In 1911, Butt was promoted to the rank of major.[1] Butt lived in a large mansion at 2000 G Street NW (now demolished).[5] Since about 1910, Butt and Millet had lived together in the house.[6] (Millet's wife, Lily, resided in the Millet home in Italy.) "Millet, my artist friend who lives with me" was Butt's designation for his companion. They were known for throwing spartan but large parties that were attended by members of Congress, justices of the Supreme Court, and President Taft himself.[7] Newspapers characterized the intense, deep friendship the men shared as a "Damon and Pythias" relationship.[8] By 1912, Taft's first term was coming to an end. Roosevelt, who had fallen out with Taft, was known to be considering a run for president against him. Close to both men and fiercely loyal, Butt began to suffer from depression and exhaustion.[9] Millet (himself one of Taft's circle) asked Taft to give him a leave of absence to recuperate before the presidential primaries began. Taft agreed and ordered Butt to go on vacation.[10] Butt left on a six-week vacation to Europe on March 1, 1912, accompanied by Millet.[11] Butt booked passage on the RMS Titanic
RMS Titanic
for his return to the United States. He boarded the Titanic
Titanic
on April 10, 1912; Millet boarded the ship at Cherbourg, France, later that same day. Butt and Millet were playing cards on the night of April 14 in the first-class smoking room when the Titanic struck an iceberg.[12] The ship sank two and half hours later, with a loss of over 1,500 lives. Both Butt and Millet went down with the Titanic. Butt's remains were never found.[13] Millet's body was recovered on April 27, and he was buried in Bridgewater, Massachusetts.[14] Taft was devastated by Butt's death. When he learned Butt had not survived, he "broke down and wept, 'his whole body was shaken with convulsive sobs'."[15] On May 2, 1912, a memorial service was held in the Butt family home in Atlanta, Georgia. Taft spoke at the service, almost breaking down twice as he said:[16]

If Archie could have selected a time to die he would have chosen the one God gave him. His life was spent in self–sacrifice, serving others. His forgetfulness of self had become a part of his nature. Everybody who knew him called him Archie. I couldn't prepare anything in advance to say here. I tried, but couldn't. He was too near me. He was loyal to my predecessor, Mr. Roosevelt, who selected him to be military aide, and to me he had become as a son or a brother.

A second ceremony was held in Washington, D.C., on May 5, during which Taft broke down and wept—bringing his eulogy to an abrupt end.[17] Building the memorial[edit]

Francis Davis Millet
Francis Davis Millet
shortly before his death in 1912.

On May 16, 1912, Senator Augustus Octavius Bacon
Augustus Octavius Bacon
of Georgia submitted a resolution in the U.S. Senate authorizing private persons to construct a memorial to Butt and Millet on federally owned land somewhere in the District of Columbia. Bacon argued that Butt (who was an aide to the president) and Millet (who was vice chair of the United States Commission of Fine Arts at the time of his death)[18] were both public servants who deserved to be memorialized separately from the rest of the dead. Bacon also said that a number of memorials in the city had been financed by private dollars, and the Butt-Millet memorial would be no different. As originally introduced, the resolution barred the memorial from being placed on the grounds of the Capitol, Library of Congress, or White House.[19] Bacon asked that the resolution be adopted by the Senate immediately, but Senator William Borah objected and the resolution was referred to the Committee on the Library (which had the authority to accept any work of the fine art on behalf of Congress and designate a location for its placement).[19] Plans for erecting a memorial to Butt and Millet began shortly after the introduction of the Senate resolution. Taft agreed to chair the memorial committee.[20] Taft's personal secretary, Charles D. Hilles, and his military aide, Colonel Spencer Cosby, led the fund-raising on behalf of the committee.[21] Charles J. Bell of the American Security and Trust Company was the treasurer.[22] Members of the foreign diplomatic corps and several high government officials had already donated several thousand dollars to the memorial fund by mid-May.[21] Taft himself had made the first contribution.[22] At this point in time, The Ellipse
The Ellipse
(the southern part of President's Park) was chosen for the site of the memorial. However, the memorial committee was thinking only of erecting a bronze tablet.[21] An attempt to pass the resolution on June 8 failed after Senator Porter J. McCumber
Porter J. McCumber
objected to its passage.[23] The committee favorably reported the resolution on August 10, 1912, and the Senate adopted the resolution on August 12.[24] The House of Representatives received the committee's report on August 22,[25] and passed the legislation the following day.[26] As enacted, the resolution removed the restriction on the memorial's location.[27] Taft signed the legislation into law on August 24.[26] During work on the congressional legislation, the memorial commission altered its plans. Despite press reports that the memorial would be a bronze tablet,[21] a fund-raising letter issued in May 1912 by the memorial commission said the memorial's final form had not been chosen.[22] That changed in early June, when the commission decided to add a fountain to the tablet.[28] The memorial commission had also settled on Thomas Hastings and Daniel Chester French
Daniel Chester French
as the memorial's designers.[28] By late August 1912, the commission eliminated the tablet in favor of just a fountain.[26] By April 1913, the memorial commission had added a shaft with two bas-relief figures—one representing chivalry (Butt) and one representing art (Millet).[29] By law, both the President and the Commission of Fine Arts had to approve the location and design of the memorial.[30] Both approvals were given, and work on the foundation for the fountain began on June 18, 1913.[31] Just over $3,000 was spent constructing the memorial fountain.[28] Hastings and French donated their services.[32] Initial press reports in 1912 indicated that Taft planned an elaborate dedication ceremony for the memorial. But Taft was no longer president by late 1913, having lost the presidential election to Woodrow Wilson. The Butt-Millet Memorial
Memorial
Fountain
Fountain
was dedicated without ceremony on October 25, 1913.[20] Among the donors to the memorial were John Dustin Archbold, Henry Bacon, Daniel Burnham, Arno B. Cammerer, Champ Clark, Kenyon Cox, Frank Miles Day, Theodore N. Ely, William Corcoran Eustis, Charles Lang Freer, Henry Clay Frick, Cass Gilbert, Eugene Hale, Henry Lee Higginson, Samuel Isham, Jean Jules Jusserand, Seth Low, Henry Rutgers Marshall, Gari Melchers, Count Helmuth von Moltke, Charles Nagel, Frederick Law Olmsted, William Church Osborn, Charles A. Platt, Henry Kirke Porter, David F. Sellers, Henry L. Stimson, Louis Comfort Tiffany, Francis E. Warren, George P. Wetmore, Post Wheeler, George W. Wickersham, Blanton Winship, and John Sharp Williams.[33] About the memorial[edit]

Detail of the inscription on the memorial fountain.

The Butt-Millet Memorial
Memorial
Fountain
Fountain
is located in the northwestern portion of the Ellipse, at the western junction of Ellipse Road NW and E Street NW.[34][35] The First Division Monument
First Division Monument
is to the northwest, and the south lawn of the White House
White House
is across the street to the north and northeast. The Butt-Millet Memorial
Memorial
Fountain
Fountain
is 12 feet (3.7 m) high.[20][36] An octagonal grey granite base[20][37] supports an 8 feet (2.4 m) wide bowl of golden brown Tennessee marble.[20][36] A grey granite Neoclassical[37] column rises from the center of the bowl.[20] Two figures in low bas-relief are depicted, one on the north and one on the south side of the column. The northern figure of a woman with paint brush and palette, represents the fine arts.[38] The southern figure of a man in armor and helmet, holding a shield, represents military valor.[38] Four globes in the bowl surround the granite column and emit water, which cascades over the edge of the bowl into a shallow receptacle in the grey granite base.[20][36] The fountain bowl was designed to be a source of drinking water for horses used by park police patrols.[39] An inscription around the lip of the bowl reads: "In memory of Francis Davis Millet – 1846–1912 – and Archibald Willingham Butt – 1865–1912. This monument has been erected by their friends with the sanction of Congress."[34] See also[edit]

List of public art in Washington, D.C., Ward 2

References[edit]

^ a b c "Butt, Archibald Willingham DeGraffenreid," in The Encyclopedia of Louisville, p. 150. ^ "Major Archibald Butt." New York Times. April 16, 1912. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ Gould, p. 208. ^ Bromley, p. 52. ^ "Maj. Butt's Home Sold." Washington Post. November 22, 1912. ^ Brewster, p. 30. ^ Davenport-Hines, Richard. "The History Page: Unsinkable Love." The Daily. March 20, 2012. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ "Millet Planned Trip." Washington Post. April 18, 1912. ^ Abbott, p. xi–x. ^ Garrison, p. 89. ^ "Major Butt on Sick Leave." New York Times. March 1, 1912. ^ Lynch, p. 84. ^ Schemmel, p. 148. ^ "Millet's Body Found." Washington Post. April 28, 1912; "Funeral Services for Millet." New York Times. May 2, 1912. ^ Quoted in Stephenson, p. 219. ^ Quote in Mowbray, p. xvi. ^ "Taft in Tears as He Lauds Major Butt." New York Times. May 6, 1912. ^ Tompkins and Boucher, p. 12. ^ a b "Asks Memorial
Memorial
Site." Washington Post. May 17, 1912. ^ a b c d e f g " Memorial
Memorial
to Titanic
Titanic
Dead." Washington Post. October 26, 1913. ^ a b c d "Butt-Millet Memorial." New York Times. May 31, 1912. ^ a b c The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 5. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ "Butt and Millet Tribute." Washington Post. June 9, 1912. ^ "Favors Butt-Millet Shaft." Washington Post. August 13, 1912. ^ "For Butt-Millet Titanic
Titanic
Memorial." New York Times. August 23, 1912. ^ a b c "Deadlock Keeps Congress Sitting." New York Times. August 25, 1912. ^ The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 6. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ a b c Committee on the Library, p. 1. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ "Monument to Maj. Butt." Washington Post. April 13, 1913. ^ Committee on the Library, p. 2. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ "Monument to Butt Soon." New York Times. June 19, 1913. ^ The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 7. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 13-14. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ a b The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 11. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ Evelyn, Dickson, and Ackerman, p. 182. ^ a b c "For Butt-Millet Memorial." New York Times. October 24, 1913. ^ a b Carrier, p. 88. ^ a b The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of..., p. 9-10. Accessed 2012-05-18. ^ " President's Park
President's Park
(White House): Explore the Southern Trail". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved May 21, 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Abbott, Lawrence F. "Introduction." In Butt, Archibald Willingham. The Letters of Archie Butt, Personal Aide to President Roosevelt. Lawrence F. Abbott, ed. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1924. Brewster, Hugh. Gilded Lives, Fatal Voyage: The Titanic's First-Class Passengers and Their World. New York: Random House, 2012. Carrier, Thomas J. Washington D.C.: A Historical Walking Tour. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing, 1999. Committee on the Library. Joint Memorial
Memorial
to Maj. Archibald W. Butt and Francis Davis Millet. To accompany S.J. Resolution 108. Rept. No. 866. 62d Cong., 2d sess. June 8, 1912. Evelyn, Douglas E.; Dickson, Paul; and Ackerman, S.J. On This Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
3rd rev. ed. Sterling, Va.: Capital Books, 2008. ISBN 1-933102-70-5 The Fountain
Fountain
in Memory of Francis Davis Millet, Archibald Willingham Butt. Washington, D.C.: [no publisher listed], 1913. Garrison, Webb B. A Treasury of Titanic
Titanic
Tales. Nashville, Tenn: Rutledge Hill Press, 1998. Lynch, Don. Titanic: An Illustrated History. New York: Hyperion, 1993. Schemmel, William. Georgia Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff. Guilford, Conn.: Globe Pequot Press, 2011. Stephenson, George M. American History Since 1865. New York: Harper & Bros., 1939. Tompkins, Sally K. and Boucher, Jack E. A Quest for Grandeur: Charles Moore and the Federal Triangle. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.

External links[edit]

"Explore the Southern Trail." President's Park
President's Park
(White House). National Capital Region. National Park Service.

v t e

RMS Titanic

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Sinking

Alternative theories Changes in safety practices Legends and myths Lifeboats Lifeboat No. 1 British inquiry US inquiry Wreck of Titanic Maritime Memorial
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Act

Deck officers

Edward J. Smith (Captain) Henry Tingle Wilde (Chief Officer) William McMaster Murdoch
William McMaster Murdoch
(First Officer) Charles H. Lightoller (Second Officer) Herbert Pitman
Herbert Pitman
(Third Officer) Joseph G. Boxhall (Fourth Officer) Harold G. Lowe (Fifth Officer) James Paul Moody
James Paul Moody
(Sixth Officer) Joseph Bell (Machine Room Manager)

Crew members

Frederick Barrett Harold Bride William Denton Cox Sid Daniels Alfred Frank Evans Frederick Fleet Luigi Gatti Robert Hichens Violet Jessop Charles Joughin Reginald Lee Evelyn Marsden William Mintram Jack Phillips George Symons

Passengers

Fatalities

Allison family Thomas Andrews John Jacob Astor IV David John Bowen Archibald Butt Thomas Byles Walter Donald Douglas Edith Corse Evans Annie Funk Jacques Futrelle Sidney Leslie Goodwin Benjamin Guggenheim John Harper Wallace Hartley Charles Melville Hays Edward Austin Kent Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche Francis Davis Millet Harry Markland Molson Michel Navratil Eino Viljami Panula W. T. Stead Ida Straus Isidor Straus John Borland Thayer Jr. Frank M. Warren, Sr. George Dennick Wick George Dunton Widener Harry Elkins Widener Duane Williams George Henry Wright Roderick Chisholm

Survivors (last living)

Rhoda Abbott Trevor Allison Lillian Asplund Madeleine Astor Ruth Becker Lawrence Beesley Karl Behr Dickinson Bishop Mauritz Håkan Björnström-Steffansson Elsie Bowerman Francis Browne Margaret "Molly" Brown Daniel Buckley Alden Caldwell Helen Churchill Candee Charlotte Drake Cardeza Lucile Carter Gladys Cherry Millvina Dean Margaret Devaney Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon Ethel Flora Fortune Dorothy Gibson Archibald Gracie IV Frank John William Goldsmith Edith Haisman Henry S. Harper Eva Hart Margaret Bechstein Hays Masabumi Hosono J. Bruce Ismay Eleanor Ileen Johnson Louise Laroche Louise Kink Margaret Mannion Michel Marcel Navratil Alfred Nourney Arthur Godfrey Peuchen Winnifred Quick Marjorie Newell Robb Edith Rosenbaum Noël Leslie, Countess of Rothes Emily Ryerson Beatrice Sandström Frederic Kimber Seward Eloise Hughes Smith Jack Thayer Marian Thayer Barbara West Ella Holmes White R. Norris Williams Marie Grice Young

Monuments and memorials

General

Memorials and monuments to the RMS Titanic

Australia

Bandstand (Ballarat)

United Kingdom

Engine Room Heroes (Liverpool) Engineers (Southampton) Musicians (Southampton) Titanic
Titanic
(Belfast) Orchestra (Liverpool)

United States

Straus Park
Straus Park
(New York City) Titanic
Titanic
(New York City) Titanic
Titanic
(Washington, D.C.) Butt-Millet Memorial
Memorial
Fountain
Fountain
(Washington, D.C.)

Popular culture

Books

Futility, or the Wreck of the Titan (1898) A Night to Remember (book) Polar the Titanic
Titanic
Bear

Films

Saved from the Titanic
Saved from the Titanic
(1912) In Nacht und Eis
In Nacht und Eis
(1912) Atlantic (1929) Titanic
Titanic
(1943) Titanic
Titanic
(1953) A Night to Remember (1958) The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964) Raise the Titanic
Titanic
(1980) Secrets of the Titanic (1986) Titanica
Titanica
(1992) Titanic
Titanic
(1997) The Legend of the Titanic
The Legend of the Titanic
(1999) Titanic: The Legend Goes On (2000) Ghosts of the Abyss
Ghosts of the Abyss
(2003) Tentacolino (2004) Titanic
Titanic
II (2010)

Television

S.O.S. Titanic
Titanic
(1979) Titanic: The Complete Story (1994) Titanic
Titanic
(1996) No Greater Love (1996) "A Flight to Remember" (Futurama) (1999) Titanic
Titanic
(2012) Titanic: Blood and Steel (2012) Saving the Titanic
Titanic
(2012)

Music

"The Titanic
Titanic
(It Was Sad When That Great Ship Went Down)" (folk song) The Sinking of the Titanic
Titanic
(music composition) Titanic
Titanic
(musical) The Unsinkable Molly Brown (musical) "My Heart Will Go On" (Celine Dion song) "Nearer, My God, to Thee" (song)

Video games

Titanic: Adventure Out of Time (1996) Titanic: Honor and Glory (TBA)

Museums and exhibitions

SeaCity Museum
SeaCity Museum
(Southampton) Titanic
Titanic
Museum (Branson, Missouri) Titanic
Titanic
Museum (Pigeon Forge, Tennessee) Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
(Halifax) Titanic
Titanic
Belfast

Places

Titanic
Titanic
(Canada) Titanic
Titanic
Canyon Titanic
Titanic
Quarter, Belfast Cape Race, Newfoundland Fairview Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia Mount Olivet Cemetery (Halifax)

Related

Ships

RMS Olympic RMS Carpathia HMHS Britannic CS Mackay-Bennett Replica Titanic Titanic
Titanic
II

Others

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Titanic
Historical Society Encyclopedia Titanica Halomonas titanicae Women and children first

.