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A business park or office park is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. All of the work that goes on is commercial, not large-scale industrial nor residential.[citation needed] The first office park opened in Mountain Brook, Alabama, in the early 1950s to avoid racial tension in city centers.[1] These are popular in many suburban locations, where development is cheaper because of the lower land costs and the lower building costs for building wider, not necessarily higher. Some businesses prefer the larger floorplates as more efficient, reducing time lost moving between floors. They are also often located near motorways or main roads for easy access.

Contents

1 Criticism 2 List of major business parks 3 See also 4 External links 5 References

Criticism[edit] The impact of these areas on the urban fabric has been criticized:

Spaces escape the control of the built realm: voids between fragments of unconnected residential schemes, gaps between urbanized zones, abandoned farmland, etc. A new approach to spacial organization arises with the ease that characterizes any new consumer good, an approach which questions the conventional references of urbanism: the so-called 'commercial, industrial, business and theme park'. The urbanized park originally sprang from the hybridization of the garden-city and Anglo-Saxon university campus models. It adopted the former's low-rise buildings and attention to free spaces as a way of shaping the environment, and the latter's autonomous constructions. In sum, parks are thematic precincts of autonomous architectural set pieces arranged around parking lots and communal services, and are situated at the most accessible points of the metropolitan road network. (José María Ezquiaga (November–December 1998). "The City: Folds and Pieces". AV Monographs. 74: 4–11. )

List of major business parks[edit]

Suburban
Suburban
office parks like this in the Boca Corporate Center & Campus
Campus
in Boca Raton, Florida, United States, are usually lushly landscaped so that a peaceful workspace is created

Algeria

Algiers
Algiers
Medina, Algiers Bahia Center, Oran

Argentina

Catalinas Norte, Buenos Aires

Australia

Norwest Business Park, Bella Vista, New South Wales Eastlink Business Park, Carrum Downs, Victoria Sydney Corporate Park, Alexandria, New South Wales

Brazil

Direta Estratégia e Engenharia

Bulgaria

Business Park
Business Park
Sofia Business Park
Business Park
Varna

Canada

Kanata Research Park Burnside Park

Denmark

INCUBA Science Park Symbion Science Park

Dubai

TECOM Investments Dubai
Dubai
Internet City Dubai
Dubai
Media City Dubai
Dubai
Knowledge Village Dubai
Dubai
Studio City Dubai
Dubai
Biotechnology & Research Park Dubai
Dubai
Outsource Zone International Media Production Zone Dubai
Dubai
International Academic City[permanent dead link] Energy & Environment Dubai
Dubai
Healthcare City Dubai
Dubai
Industrial City

China

Shanghai China
China
Fengpu Industrial Park

Egypt

Capital business park, [1] Smart Village

Estonia

Ülemiste City

Central America

Altia Business Park, San Pedro Sula, Honduras Miramar Free Zone, San Salvador, El Salvador

Germany

Avantis, Aachen
Aachen
& Heerlen, the first cross-border German-Dutch business park Businesspark Regensburg black forest business park, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Achern

Hong Kong

Cyberport Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Science Park

Honduras

Altia Business Park www.altiabusinesspark.com

Hungary

Talentis Business Park
Business Park
www.tbp.hu

Ireland

Citywest, Dublin East Point Business Park, Dublin International Financial Services Centre, Dublin

India

Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Pune, Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram International Tech Park, Bangalore Electronics City, Bangalore HITEC City, Hyderabad Infopark, Kochi Tidel Park, Coimbatore Tidel Park, Chennai

Israel

Har Hotzvim, Jerusalem

Italy

Milano 3 City, Milan

Japan

Osaka
Osaka
Business Park

Jordan

King Hussein Business Park
Business Park
(KHBP)

Kazakhstan

PRIME Business Park

Latvia

Dominante Park, [2], Riga

Malaysia

Cyberjaya, Petaling Jaya, Iskandar Malaysia

Malta

Smart City Malta

Morocco

Canablanca Nearshore Park Technopolis Park

Netherlands

Avantis, Aachen
Aachen
& Heerlen, the first cross-border German-Dutch business park Chipshol Park
Park
Schipholrijk, Amsterdam

New Zealand

Sylvia Park, Auckland

Philippines

Cebu Business Park, Cebu City Cebu IT Park, Cebu City Iloilo Business Park, Iloilo City Philexcel Business Park, Clark Freeport

Poland

Kraków Business Park, Zabierzów Długosza Business Park, Wrocław

Romania

Pipera Business Center Baneasa Business Park Bucharest
Bucharest
Business Park Brasov Business Park

Russia

Country Park, Khimki

Serbia

Airport
Airport
City Belgrade

Singapore

Changi Business Park International Business Park

South Africa

Route 21 Corporate Park, Pretoria

South Korea

Digital Media City, Seoul Samsung Town, Seoul Teheran Valley, Seoul Songdo International Business District, Songdo International City, Incheon Centum City, Busan Daedeok Science Town, Daejeon

Spain

@ Sant Cugat Business Park Parque Tecnológico de Madrid, Tres Cantos, Madrid

Sweden

Johanneberg Science Park, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg Lindholmen Science Park, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg Sahlgrenska Science Park, University of Gothenburg
Gothenburg
and Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg

Thailand

SCB Park
Park
Plaza

United Kingdom

Aztec West, Bristol Birmingham Business Park, Solihull Cambridge
Cambridge
Business Park, Cambridge
Cambridge
an integral part of Silicon Fen Cardiff
Cardiff
Gate International Business Park, Pontprennau, Cardiff Cobalt Business Park, Newcastle upon Tyne Cardiff
Cardiff
Business Park, Llanishen, Cardiff Doxford International Business Park, Sunderland East Moors Business Park, Tremorfa, Cardiff Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Park, Edinburgh Green Park, Reading, Berkshire Lingfield Point, Darlington, County Durham Maxim Office
Office
Park, Glasgow Milton Park, Oxfordshire Omega, Warrington Oxford
Oxford
Business Park, Oxford Pera Business Park, Leicestershire Pride Park, Derby Quorum Business Park, Newcastle upon Tyne Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Business Park, Shrewsbury Slough
Slough
Trading Estate, Slough Solent Business Park, Whiteley, Hampshire Solstice Park, Wiltshire Stockley Park, London Swansea
Swansea
Enterprise Park, Swansea Team Valley, Gateshead Thames Valley Park, Reading, Berkshire Thorpe Park, Leeds

United States

Arvida Park
Park
of Commerce, Boca Raton, Florida Bishop Ranch, San Ramon, California Conover West
West
Business Park, Conover, North Carolina Cummings Research Park, Huntsville, Alabama Denver Tech Center, Denver, Colorado Dundee Park, Andover, Massachusetts Eastman Business Park, Rochester, New York Great Valley Corporate Center, Malvern, Pennsylvania Interstate 40
Interstate 40
Business Park, Conover, North Carolina MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, New York Midtown Centre, Jacksonville, Florida Newport Center, Newport Beach, California Raritan Center, Edison, New Jersey Hauppauge Industrial Park, New York Rensselaer Technology Park, North Greenbush, New York Research Triangle Park, Raleigh/Durham University Research Park, Charlotte, North Carolina

Uruguay

Zonamerica
Zonamerica
Business & Technology Park

See also[edit]

Industrial park Knowledge spillover Mega-Site Office Science park

External links[edit]

Johanneberg Science Park, in Gothenburg, Sweden Lindholmen Science Park, in Gothenburg, Sweden Sahlgrenska Science Park, in Gothenburg, Sweden

References[edit]

^ Zak, Dan (20 July 2015). "The old suburban office park is the new American ghost town". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Business parks.

v t e

Real estate developments

Commercial

Airport Business park Commercial area Mixed-use development Office
Office
building Port

inland

Retail park Riverfront Shopping mall
Shopping mall
/ center Shopping streets and districts Warehouse District

Industrial

Business cluster Industrial district Industrial park Technology centers

Residential

Apartment
Apartment
complex Bungalow court City block Company town Golf course community Gated community Housing estate Intentional community Mixed-use development Model dwellings for the poor Multi-family residential Private community Public housing Residential
Residential
area Retirement community Revenue house Single room occupancy Subdivision Tract housing

Science / Education

Campus Research park

list

Satellite campus Science park

Municipal

Arcology Garden city movement Model village Planned cities Planned community Urban open space

parks

Buildings

Apartment House

types

Skyscraper Tower block Villa

Miscellaneous

Brownfield land Cemetery Cluster development Construction Context theory Eminent domain Greenfield land Greyfield land Land-use planning Park Parking Playground Redevelopment Regional planning Urban design Urban planning Zoning

Authority control

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