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The BUSHVELD is a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of Southern Africa named after the term _veld _. It encompasses most of Limpopo Province and a small part of the North West Province of South Africa
South Africa
, the Central and North-East Districts of Botswana
Botswana
and the Matabeleland South and part of the Matabeleland North provinces of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
. Kruger National Park in South Africa
South Africa
has a number of 'Bushveld' camps.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Flora and fauna * 3 Geology * 4 Farming * 5 Towns and cities * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The elevation of this region varies from 750 to 1,400 m and the annual rainfall from 350 mm in the west to 600 mm in parts of the northeast. There are four significant mountain ranges in this region:the Magaliesberg which runs from Rustenburg in the west to Bronkhorstspruit in the east and forms the southern border of the Bushveld; the Drakensberg escarpment that forms the eastern border of the Bushveld
Bushveld
and runs from Tzaneen in the north to Belfast in the south; the Waterberg range that is in the middle of the Bushveld
Bushveld
and the Soutpansberg
Soutpansberg
range just north of Louis Trichardt . The latter is the northernmost mountain range in South Africa.

FLORA AND FAUNA

As implied by the region's name, the Bushveld's well-grassed plains are dotted by dense clusters of trees and tall shrubs. The grasses found here are generally tall and turn brown or pale in winter , which is the dry season throughout most of Southern Africa. The undisturbed portions of this habitat, such as much of the Waterberg Biosphere , are home to many large mammal species including white rhino , black rhino , giraffe , blue wildebeest , kudu , impala and a variety of further antelope species and other game.

GEOLOGY

The Bushveld
Bushveld
is one of the most mineral -rich regions of the world. This is due to the Bushveld igneous complex , an extremely rich saucer-shaped geological formation that stretches over more than 50,000 square kilometers. This formation contains most of the world's reserves of minerals such as andalusite , chromium , fluorspar , platinum and vanadium . The complex includes the Merensky Reef , which is the world's biggest source of platinum as well as platinum-group metals.

FARMING

As most of the region tends to be dry, the Bushveld
Bushveld
is mostly beef cattle and game farming country, with only a few drought-resistant crops such as sorghum and millet being farmed, usually under irrigation .

TOWNS AND CITIES

Towns and cities in the region include:

* Bela Bela (formerly Warmbaths ) * Brits * De Wildt * Haenertsburg * Hammanskraal * Lephalale (formerly Ellisras ) * Louis Trichardt * Mara * Modimolle (formerly Nylstroom ) * Mokopane (formerly Potgietersrus ) * Mookgophong (formerly Naboomspruit ) * Musina (formerly Messina ) * Northam * Phalaborwa * Pienaarsrivier * Polokwane (formerly Pietersburg ) * Roedtan * Selebi-Phikwe * Sun City * Thabazimbi * Vaalwater * Vivo * Zion City Moria * Rustenburg

SEE ALSO

* Geography of South Africa
South Africa
* Hlane Royal National Park * _