HOME
The Info List - Bushey


--- Advertisement ---



Bushey
Bushey
(population 24,000) is a town in the Hertsmere
Hertsmere
borough of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
in the East of England. Bushey
Bushey
Heath is a large neighbourhood south east of Bushey
Bushey
on the boundary with the London Borough of Harrow reaching elevations of 165 metres (541 ft) above sea level.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Stories, legends and folklore

2 Local government 3 Modern day 4 Schools 5 Herkomer's Art School 6 Film Studios 7 Notable people 8 Twin town 9 See also 10 Nearest places 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] The first written record of Bushey
Bushey
is an account in the Domesday Book, which describes a small agricultural village named 'Bissei' (which later became 'Biss(h)e' and then 'Bisheye' during the 12th century). However, chance archaeological findings of Stone Age
Stone Age
tools provide evidence that the area was inhabited as far back as the Palaeolithic period. The town also has links to the Roman occupation of Britain, with the main road running through it being Roman; sites of possible Roman villas being unearthed in the area; and a Roman tessellated pavement was discovered near Chiltern Avenue.[2] The origin of the town's name is not fully known. In terms of the original name, "Bissei," an early theory in Reverend J.B. Johnstone's book The Place-Names of England
England
and Wales states that it may have meant "Byssa's Isle," and it started life as a lake-village surrounded by marshes, streams and lakes. A more modern theory (but less romantic) is that it is simply derived from the Old English word bysce and Old French boisseie, meaning a 'place covered with wood'. The latter theory could prove more apt, as the town is located in the valleys which extend southwards from the Chiltern Hills, which were once covered in dense forests of oak, elm, ash, hazel and juniper. Bushey
Bushey
Heath's story begins in the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
during a large food shortage. To help solve the problem, the government awarded the waste land to the east of Bushey
Bushey
to Bushey
Bushey
landowners to be used as farming; the land was more generally known as Bushey
Bushey
Common. Whilst the original aim was to produce food, being close to a railway and up to 500 ft above sea level with beautiful and broad views made the area attractive for housing developers.

St. James's Church, Bushey

The 19th and 20th centuries marked the time of most change in Bushey, especially between 1860 and 1960. The population rose 28-fold within 200 years, from 856 in 1801, to just under 24,000 today. The expansion was for many reasons, one of the main ones being due to the boom in industry caused by the railway in the early 20th century. A result was that many new jobs were created in and around Watford, and in the early 1920s, Bushey's first council houses were built. More housing was later built for the service families working in defence organisations in Stanmore
Stanmore
and Northwood. The expansion eventually died down because much of the land in and around Bushey
Bushey
was protected under the Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
after the Second World War. This same Green Belt legislation was also partly responsible for the abandonment of the pre-war Edgware
Edgware
to Bushey
Bushey
Heath extension as part of the Northern Heights programme of the Northern line
Northern line
underground railway. The Metropolitan Green Belt
Metropolitan Green Belt
put great restrictions on new development, and the plan was to use the new railway to stimulate new housing around the new route; without the new housing the route was deemed no longer viable. However, as work was advanced at the onset of war, the depot was completed for use as bomber manufacture, and following the Second World War
Second World War
and Green Belt coming into force, it was converted into the Aldenham
Aldenham
bus depot (of Cliff Richard's Summer Holiday fame), which it remained until 1985, when it became derelict. It was redeveloped in 1996 and is now the Centennial Park Industrial Estate (51°38′24″N 0°18′31″W / 51.639954°N 0.308561°W / 51.639954; -0.308561). Bushey
Bushey
Heath station would have been located at the intersection of Elstree
Elstree
Road and Northwestern Avenue (51°38′33″N 0°19′12″W / 51.64245°N 0.3200°W / 51.64245; -0.3200). Conceptual plans existed in the 1903 Act of Parliament
Act of Parliament
for an Edgware
Edgware
to Watford
Watford
railway that would have seen the railway extended at a later date though Bushey
Bushey
village and on to Watford
Watford
market, but even less came of that than the partially completed Edgware
Edgware
to Bushey
Bushey
Heath stretch. The highest point in the historic county of Middlesex
Middlesex
was in Bushey Heath on the border between Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and Middlesex
Middlesex
at the junction of the A4140 and the A409. At 153 m (502 ft) above sea level, the grid reference was TQ 152937. Stories, legends and folklore[edit] The lack of farming in Bushey
Bushey
Heath meant that it was a heavily wooded area up to the 18th century, and this, added to the lack of street lighting and police, meant that Bushey
Bushey
Heath's history is full of tales of thieves, highwaymen and even murder. According to Grant Longman's Robberies on Bushey
Bushey
Heath, the road from Bushey
Bushey
Heath to Stanmore
Stanmore
is said to be where the highwaymen lurked, ready to raid the dozen or so caravans that passed through Bushey
Bushey
Heath daily, carrying money from trade in London. Before venturing through the pass, parties of travellers and merchants would form at the Boot Inn at Edgware
Edgware
and the Three Crowns at Bushey
Bushey
Heath so they didn't have to venture through the pass alone. Although one of the highwaymen responsible for the attacks is rumoured to have been the notorious Dick Turpin, evidence suggests that he was in fact more active in the region of Essex. Local government[edit] Bushey
Bushey
was an ancient civil parish. It was subdivided by the Local Government Act 1894 into two: the part which was within the Watford urban district became the ' Bushey
Bushey
Urban' parish, in the Watford
Watford
Rural District, and the part which was outside became ' Bushey
Bushey
Rural' parish. Subsequently, in 1906, the Bushey
Bushey
Urban parish was renamed Oxhey, and the Bushey
Bushey
Rural parish became the parish of Bushey
Bushey
in the Bushey Urban District. Modern day[edit]

High Street, Bushey

Despite being close to London and having Watford
Watford
on its doorstep Bushey
Bushey
retains the feeling of a small town and this is reinforced with events such as the Bushey
Bushey
Festival and quarter marathon which is held each July and the Horticultural Society's flower and produce show. Being located near several film studios at Elstree
Elstree
and Borehamwood, Bushey
Bushey
and Bushey
Bushey
Heath frequently feature as backdrops for many film and TV shows. Most notable is a bus scene in the Cannon and Ball film, and in the 1957 film Lucky Jim. Several historic buildings in Bushey, notably the old Royal Masonic School for Boys, later the International University, in the Avenue, have been used in films over a long period of time, including, Nuns on the Run, Out of Bounds, Children of Men and Harry Potter. and also the comedy series Little Britain. It has also been the set for several television series, including Monty Python's Flying Circus and Little Britain. This site is currently being redeveloped for residential usage, with the 1960s additions to the site having been demolished. Many of The Avengers episodes include location shots around the Bushey area, and the latter half of the Confessions of a Driving Instructor is entirely shot on the roads between Elstree
Elstree
and Bushey, finishing in the car dump at ' Bushey
Bushey
Breakers'. The University of London, located in the Bushey
Bushey
area has been used in the filming of BBC's Grange Hill
Grange Hill
and also for various other programmes, such as family business. Pupils from local schools including Bushey
Bushey
Hall and Bushey
Bushey
Meads have taken part as extras in productions such as My Dad's the Prime Minister. Bushey
Bushey
Heath is home to a duck pond, (Warren Lake) which was restored in 1992 after falling into dereliction. Schools[edit] The area contains a mix of primary schools and linked infants and junior schools (see schools in Bushey). The state secondary schools are Queens' School, Bushey
Bushey
Meads School and Bushey Academy
Bushey Academy
(also known as Bushey
Bushey
Hall), of which the first two generally do well in comparison with other schools in the county. Bushey
Bushey
is also the site of the famous Purcell School, a school for young musicians well known for turning out many successful musicians. It was formerly the Royal Caledonian School. There are also two private girls' schools, St. Hilda's and St Margaret's in the area. Herkomer's Art School[edit] Hubert Herkomer was a poor immigrant from Bavaria, who moved to Bushey in 1874, and ended life in 1914 as Sir Hubert von Herkomer
Hubert von Herkomer
RA CVO. Herkomer had visited a friend who lived in Bushey
Bushey
in 1873, and returned to rent a pair of cottages and a studio near Melbourne Road. He founded Herkomer's Art School at Bushey
Bushey
in 1883, which, in its 21-year life, attracted some 500 students to the area, some of whom stayed after establishing their own studios. Their paintings are on display in the Bushey
Bushey
Museum. A street, Herkomer Road, was named in his memory. At around 1888, he built Lululaund
Lululaund
(51°38′38″N 0°21′38″W / 51.643908°N 0.36065°W / 51.643908; -0.36065), a 'Bavarian castle', which was named after his second wife Lulu Griffiths. After being married for only a year she died. Lululaund
Lululaund
dominated the Bushey skyline until 1939 when it was almost entirely demolished; a lot of the building was used as hardcore for Bovingdon
Bovingdon
Airfield, and much of the woodwork and carvings from the castle were burnt. In 2014 the surviving remnant of Lululaund
Lululaund
was converted into luxury apartments.[3][4] Sir Hubert is mainly remembered as an artist today, but in his time he was a polymath, becoming involved in some of the earliest film productions in Europe, and starting a series of races and time trials for cars in Germany. In 1904 Herkomer closed his school and sold the building. The school was re-opened in 1905 on the same site by the artist Lucy Kemp-Welch as the Bushey
Bushey
School of Painting. In 1912 Herkomer bought back the school building and demolished it. A rose garden was laid out on the site to a design by T.H. Mawson.[5] It is listed grade II on the Register of Parks and Gardens.[6] There is a gallery named after Kemp-Welch close to the village church. It is more usually used as a village hall today, with occasional exhibitions such as one in September 2006 by students from the Chelsea College of Art. Film Studios[edit] Main article: Bushey
Bushey
Studios Bushey
Bushey
Film Studios in Melbourne Road were originally built by Hubert Herkomer and operated between 1913 and 1985. For much of its existence the studios focused on low-budget productions. Notable people[edit]

Bill Kerr, Actor and radio broadcaster lived in the high street. He starred as Flight Lieutenant H. B. "Micky" Martin, pilot of "Popsie" in the Dam Busters R. D. Blackmore, novelist, lived briefly in Bushey Freddie Bunce, footballer Dave Cash, disc jockey, born in Bushey Helen Cherry, actor, born in Bushey Peter Copley, actor, born in Bushey Oliver Dowden, Member of Parliament for Hertsmere John Gale, poker player Divina Galica, skier and racing driver, born in Bushey
Bushey
Heath Phil Gillies, Canadian politician, born in Bushey Hubert von Herkomer, artist, owner of Lululaund Shirlie Holliman, musician, of Pepsi & Shirlie, attended Bushey Meads School Tom Howard, Oscar-winning film special effects man, lived in Bushey from 1946 until his death in 1985 Lucy Kemp-Welch, artist Simon Le Bon, musician, Duran Duran, born in Bushey A. E. Matthews, character actor, lived in Bushey
Bushey
until his death. He has a blue plaque in Little Bushey
Bushey
Lane. George Michael, musician, attended Bushey
Bushey
Meads School Dr Thomas Monro, Principal Physician of Bedlam and who attended on King George III
King George III
in his last illness, settled his family here in the 19th century Tony O'Malley, musician, born in Bushey Josef Perl, Holocaust survivor, lives in Bushey Sid Phillips, musician, band leader, lived in Bushey
Bushey
Heath Simon Phillips, musician, drummer Toto, lived in Bushey
Bushey
Heath Roy Plomley, radio presenter, created Desert Island Discs
Desert Island Discs
whilst living in a cottage at Little Bushey
Bushey
Lane Michael Portillo, journalist, broadcaster and former politician, born in Bushey Mark Ramprakash, cricketer, born in Bushey William Hurst Rees, surveyor Andrew Ridgeley, musician, Wham, attended Bushey
Bushey
Meads School Michèle Roberts, writer Gilbert Taylor, cinematographer, born in Bushey
Bushey
Heath Henry Wylde, conductor and musician

Twin town[edit] Bushey
Bushey
has been twinned with German town Landsberg am Lech
Landsberg am Lech
in Bavaria (Southern Germany) for its historical link. To Landsberg belonged the native village, Waal, of artist Herkomer detailed above. The towns retain links for mayoral duties and school exchange trips. See also[edit]

Bushey
Bushey
railway station Bushey
Bushey
Museum Bushey
Bushey
Hall Golf Club RAF Bushey
Bushey
Hall

Nearest places[edit]

Neighbouring areas

Watford Aldenham Patchetts Green and Letchmore Heath

Oxhey

Bushey

Aldenham
Aldenham
Park Elstree
Elstree
Aerodrome, Hilfield Park Reservoir, Aldenham Reservoir and Elstree

Merry Hill, 76 ha. woodland managed by the Woodland Trust, Haydon Hill then Carpenders Park Headstone Harrow Weald (across Hartsbourne Golf & Country Club; Grim's Ditch; Harrow Weald Common) Stanmore
Stanmore
Common and Bentley Priory

References[edit]

^ OS Explorer Map 173, 2010 edition ^ MONUMENT NO. 398249 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Pastscape, retrieved 27 Mat 2012 ^ " Bushey
Bushey
Rose Garden, Latest News". Hertsmere
Hertsmere
Council. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.  ^ "The History of the Rose Garden". Hertsmere
Hertsmere
Council. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.  ^ " Bushey
Bushey
Rose Garden". Parks and Leisure. Hertsmere
Hertsmere
Borough Council. Archived from the original on 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Rose Garden, Bushey". Historic England. 

Youngs, FA (1991) [1981]. Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. 1 (of 2). London: Royal Historical Society.  William Page, ed. (1908). "Parishes: Bushey". A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Spotlight on Bushey Bushey
Bushey
Museum Bushey
Bushey
Heath Pub Guide Images related to Bushey
Bushey
Heath station Herkomer website Bushey
Bushey
Rose Garden[permanent dead link]

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree
Elstree
and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of place

.