BURTON UPON TRENT, also known as BURTON-ON-TRENT or simply BURTON, is
a town on the
River Trent in East
Staffordshire , England, close to
the border with
Derbyshire . In 2011 , it had a population of 72,299.
The demonym for residents of the town is "Burtonian".
Burton is known for brewing . The town originally grew up around
Burton Abbey . Burton Bridge was also the site of two battles, in 1322
when Edward II defeated the rebel Earl of Lancaster and 1643 when
royalists captured the town during the
First English Civil War .
William Lord Paget and his descendants were responsible for extending
the manor house within the abbey grounds and facilitating the
extension of the
River Trent Navigation to Burton. Burton grew into a
busy market town by the early modern period.
The town is served by
Burton-on-Trent railway station .
* 1 History
* 1.1 Canals and breweries
* 2 Government
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Region
* 4 Demography
* 5 Economy
* 5.2 Manufacturing
* 5.3 Retail
* 5.4 Services
* 6 Culture and community
* 6.1 Culture
* 6.2 Community facilities
* 7 Landmarks
* 8 Transport
* 9 Religious sites
* 10 Education
* 11 Sport
* 12 Notable residents
* 13 Twin towns
* 14 References
* 14.1 Notes
* 14.2 Bibliography
* 15 Further reading
* 16 External links
Ryknild Street , a Roman road, ran north-east through what later
became the parish of Burton, linking camps at
Letocetum (Wall ), near
Lichfield , and
Derventio (Little Chester) , near
Between 666 and 669
Wilfrid , the pro-Roman bishop of York, exercised
episcopal functions in
Mercia , whose Christian king,
Wulfhere , gave
him land in various places, on which he established monasteries .
Burton was almost certainly one of the sites: the name Andresey given
to an island in the river Trent near the parish church means "Andrew's
isle" and refers to a church there dedicated to St Andrew. The island
is associated with the legend of
St Modwen or Modwenna, an Irish
abbess. It is likely that any surviving religious house would have
been destroyed during the Danish incursion into the area in 874. Place
names indicate Scandinavian influence, and several personal names of
Scandinavian origin were still used in the area in the early 12th
century. In 1003 a
Benedictine abbey was established on a new site on
the west bank of the Trent at Burton by
Wulfric Spott , a thegn
possibly descended from
King Alfred . He is known to have been buried
in the abbey cloister in 1010, alongside his wife.
Burton Abbey was mentioned in
Domesday book , where it was said to
control lands in
Appleby Magna in
Leicestershire , and
Coton in the Elms , Ca(u)ldwell (in Stapenhill
Ticknall , all then in
Derbyshire . The monastery was the
most important in
Staffordshire and by the 1530s had the highest
revenue. It is known that there were frequent Royal visits to the
abbey, including those by William I , Henry II and
Edward I . In the
12th and 13th centuries streets were laid out off the west side of
High Street, the earliest being New Street, which stretched from the
abbey gates towards the line of Ryknild Street.
Horninglow Street at
the north end of High Street was part of a major east-west route using
the bridge over the river.
A royal charter was granted on 12 April 1200 by King John to the
Abbot to hold a market in Burton every Thursday. This charter was
later renewed by King Henry III and
King Edward IV
King Edward IV There were four
annual fairs for trade in horses, cattle and produce: on Candlemas Day
, 5 April, Holy Thursday , and 29 October (the feast of St Modwen)
although as in other British towns this practice has now died out.
An early photograph of the 36 arch medieval Burton bridge. The bridge
was an important crossing point and was the site of battles in 1322
and 1643. It was demolished and replaced in 1863.
While Burton's great bridge over the Trent was in poor repair by the
early 16th century it served as "a comen passage to and fro many
countries to the grett releff and comfort of travellyng people",
according to the abbot . The bridge was the site of two battles,
first in 1322 when Edward III defeated the rebel Earl of Lancaster and
also in 1643 when the Royalists captured the town during the First
English Civil War . Sir William Paget was granted the lands at
Burton Abbey in 1546 by
Henry VIII and expanded the
Manor House using
materials from the abbey. The family's ownership was later confiscated
after being implicated in a Catholic plot against
Elizabeth I , but
was restored to his descendant William 6th Lord Paget .
Henry VIII the abbey was dissolved in 1539, to be refounded in
1541 as a collegiate church for a dean (who had been the last abbot)
and four prebendaries . It was again dissolved in 1545 and granted to
Sir William Paget. Paget began planning to expand the Manor House
within the abbey precincts, known to have existed since at least 1514,
into a grand mansion. To provide the materials for this project, the
old abbey buildings were to be cannibalised. There were major
alterations to the house over the next three centuries. Sir William
died in 1563. After his death, the Paget family was implicated in
Catholic plots against Queen
Elizabeth I , the manor house along with
most of the family estates were confiscated, with the Manor House
leased to Richard Almond in 1612. Parts of the abbey church may have
been retained for parish use, however these were demolished and
replaced by a new church in 1719–26. Some fragments remain of the
chapter house nearby but little of the rest remains either. Two
buildings were converted to residential use - a part known as the
Manor House , and the former
Infirmary . The
Infirmary became known as
The Abbey, and is now an inn.
CANALS AND BREWERIES
The Paget family's lands and title were restored to them by James I
in 1602 and they owned considerable estates around Burton for over 150
years. In 1699, William Lord Paget obtained an Act of Parliament to
extend navigation on the
River Trent from
Nottingham up to Burton, but
nothing was immediately done. In 1711, Lord Paget leased his rights to
George Hayne , who in 1712 opened the
River Trent Navigation and
constructed a wharf and other buildings in the precinct of the old
abbey. This led to the development of Burton as the major town for
brewing and exporting beer , as it allowed Burton beer to be shipped
to Hull , and on to the
Baltic Sea and
Prussia , as well as to London
, where it was being sold in 1712. A number of breweries opened in the
second half of the 18th century. The
Napoleonic blockade badly
affected overseas trade, leading to some consolidation and a
redirection of the trade to
Lancashire via canals. When
Burton brewers succeeded in replicating the pale ale produced in
London, the advantage of the water's qualities allowed the development
of the trade of Burton India Pale
Ale (an ale specially brewed to keep
during the long sea voyage to India ). New rail links to Liverpool
enabled brewers to export their beer throughout the
British Empire .
Burton came to dominate the brewing trade, and at its height one
quarter of all beer sold in Britain was produced here. In the second
half of the 19th century there was a growth in native breweries,
supplemented by outside brewing companies moving into the town, so
that over 30 breweries were recorded in 1880. However at the
beginning of the 20th century there was a slump in beer sales, causing
many breweries to fail; the industry suffered from the Liberal
government 's anti-drinking attitudes. This time no new markets were
found and so the number of breweries shrank by closure and
consolidation from 20 in 1900 to 8 in 1928. After further mergers and
buy-outs, just three main breweries remained by 1980: Bass , Ind Coope
and Marston\'s .
Burton was home to the Peel family, who played a significant role in
Industrial Revolution . The family home is still visible in the
town as Peel House on
Lichfield Street. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
visited the town on 3 July 2002 during her Golden Jubilee
Burton is the administrative centre for the borough of East
Staffordshire and forms part of the Burton constituency . The local
Member of Parliament is the Conservative Party 's Andrew Griffiths ,
who has represented the Burton constituency since May 2010. The
Conservatives took the seat from Labour in the 2010 general election
with an 8.7% swing.
Burton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1878. The
incorporated area was split between the counties of
Derbyshire - the
Local Government Act 1888 incorporated the entirety
of the borough in Staffordshire, including the former Derbyshire
Winshill . It became a county borough in
1901, having reached the 50,000 population required.
It never substantially exceeded the population of 50,000, and at a
population of 50,201 in the 1971 census was the smallest county
Canterbury . The Local Government Commission
England recommended in the 1960s that it be demoted to a
non-county borough within Staffordshire, but this was not implemented.
Local Government Act 1972 , the town became on 1 April 1974,
an unparished area in the new district of East
The town became entirely parished on 1 April 2003, when the parishes
of Anglesey , Branston ,
Brizlincote , Burton ,
Horninglow and Eton ,
Stapenhill , and
Winshill were created.
Burton parish itself only covers the town centre, with the other
parishes covering various suburbs.
Burton is about 109 miles (175 km) north west of
London , about 30
miles north east of
Birmingham , the UK's second largest city and
about 23 miles east of the county town
Stafford . It is at the
easternmost border of the county of
Staffordshire with Derbyshire, its
suburbs and the course of the
River Trent forming part of the county
boundary. Burton is closer to
Derby (approx. 12 miles) than it is to
Stafford. It is also near the south-eastern terminus of the Trent and
Mersey Canal . Burton lies within the northern boundary of the
National Forest . The town centre is on the western bank of the River
Trent in a valley bottom; its average elevation is about 50 metres
above sea level; the village of
Winshill and the suburb of Stapenhill
rise to 130 m and 100 m respectively. ‹ The template below
(_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See
templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›
DESTINATIONS FROM BURTON-UPON-TRENT
Blythe Bridge ,
Uttoxeter , Hanbury ,
Brailsford , Hilton , Rolleston ,
Newton Solney ,
Repton , Willington ,
Little Haywood ,
Abbots Bromley ,
Hoar Cross , Rangemore
East Midlands Airport ,
Alrewas and Fradley ,
Harlaston , Tamworth
Burton became a centre for the brewing industry due in part to the
quality of the local water, which contains a high proportion of
dissolved salts, predominantly caused by the gypsum in the surrounding
hills. This allowed a greater proportion of hops, a natural
preservative, to be included in the beer, thereby allowing the beer to
be shipped further afield. Much of the open land within and around the
town is protected from chemical treatment to help preserve this water
There is some confusion as to whether Burton is in the West Midlands
East Midlands , even though the entire urban centre is
southwest of the River Dove , which forms the Derbyshire/Staffordshire
boundary. Being situated in Staffordshire, the town officially lies
within the West Midlands region. Several factors contribute to the
ambiguity of the town's status. The local vernacular shares more
East Midlands English than
West Midlands English ;
the town was formerly within the
East Midlands Utility
(electricity/gas) areas, and has
Derby postcodes (DE13-DE15). However,
it is served by the BBC Midlands (West Midlands) region, based in
Birmingham and before consolidation exercises formed part of the ITV
Central (West) region, again based in
The town had an estimated population of 43,784 in the 2001 Census .
Winshill were treated separately and together had a
further population of 21,985 according to this source. According to
the 2001 census, 71% of the town's population identify themselves as
Christian, 12% as atheist or agnostic and 8.5% Muslim. In the 2011
Census, the population of the town, now treated wholly, came to
Coors Brewers Maltings Division
Shobnall Site, is located on
Wellington Road. The maltings were originally built by the
world-famous Bass Brewery, which was taken over by the American
brewery Coors, around the late 1990s. Main article: Brewers of
Burton See also:
For centuries brewing was Burton's major trade, and it is still an
important part of its economy.
The town is currently home to eight breweries; Coors Brewers Ltd :
formerly Bass Brewers Ltd, and now the UK arm of Molson Coors Brewing
Company – which produces
Carling and Worthington Bitter ; Marston,
Thompson and Evershed plc, bought by Wolverhampton "> Tower
Brewery, Burton, a microbrewery based in the old Salts Water Tower of
Walsitch Maltings, which were formerly used by the second biggest
brewer in Burton.
Burton Bridge Brewery is a local company based in Bridge Street with
six local pubs in and around Burton. It produces a number of
traditional beers including Bridge Bitter, Stairway to Heaven, Damson
Porter and Golden Delicious. Tower Brewery is a microbrewery located
off Wharf Road. Old Cottage Brewery is based in Hawkins Lane. Its
beers include Oak
Ale and Halcyon Daze. Black Hole Brewery is based at
the Imex Centre. Gates Brewery is also a microbrewery and is located
in Reservoir Road.
Burton is also the corporate headquarters of the pub operators Punch
Taverns plc and
Spirit Pub Company , which were spun out of Bass in
1997. In addition, the White Shield micro-brewery remains open
National Brewery Centre (formerly the Bass Museum of
A by-product of the brewing industry, figuratively and literally, is
the presence of the
Marmite factory in the town. This in turn
generated the production of
Bovril . Both are now owned by
With brewing being so ingrained with the town, it is probably not
surprising that Burton is also home to
CAMRA 's National Breweriana
Auction that takes place each October, latterly in the Town Hall.
In addition to the brewery industry, tyre manufacturer
Pirelli is a
major employer in the town, and they are a major sponsor of the Burton
Albion Football Club.
The Burton suburb of Branston is where
Branston Pickle was invented.
Eatough's (sometimes Etough's) was a shoemaking firm from
Leicestershire that opened a factory in Burton Road, Branston in 1920.
It was the first British shoe factory to introduce music in the
workplace (1936), and washable children's sandals ('Plastisha' 1957),
but it closed in 1989 as a result of competition from cheap imports.
Briggs of Burton (formerly S. Briggs "> The former site is now
occupied by the Octagon Shopping Centre.
Entrance to Cooper\'s Square shopping centre, Burton town centre
Burton Market Hall on market day. Built in 1883 to replace an
older structure, the footprint of which is marked by four L-shaped
metal pieces set into the ground roughly halfway between the church
and the high street. The hall has a trussed roof with cast iron
support pillars. Architects: Dixon "> The market square
A market has been held on Thursdays in Burton since a charter was
granted to the abbot by King John on 12 April 1200. Burton today has
an indoor and an outdoor market, which are owned by East Staffordshire
Borough Council. In 2011 the council contracted out responsibility
for market stall rentals to private letting agency Quarterbridge.
The Market Hall was built in 1883 from designs by Dixon the unit was
formerly a volunteer brigade of the North
Staffordshire Regiment .
The Burton Cooper, Coopers Square Shopping Centre The bronze
sculpture, The Burton Cooper by James Walter Butler was commissioned
in 1977 and depicts a local craftsman. It originally stood opposite
the market and was moved to its present location in 1994.
The town's connection with the brewing industry is celebrated in _The
Burton Cooper _ a bronze sculpture, by James Walter Butler . It was
commissioned in 1977 and depicts a local craftsman making a barrel .
It originally stood opposite the market and - despite opposition from
many townspeople - was moved to its present location inside the
Cooper\'s Square Shopping Centre in 1994.
National Brewery Centre (previously Coors Visitor Centre "> The
station utilises the
PlusBus scheme where train and 'bus tickets can
be bought together at a saving.
The town had its own municipal 'buses known as Burton Corporation and
Staffordshire District Council after 1974. This was taken
over by Stevenson's of
Spath in the mid-1980s and in turn was absorbed
Arriva in the late 1990s.
Arriva Midlands and independents now
operate locally and provide services to Uttoxeter, Derby,
Stapenhill , Queen's Hospital Burton, Winshill, Stretton,
Abbots Bromley ,
Tatenhill , Wetmore,
Lichfield and Ashby-de-la-Zouch
. The former Burton Corporation depot has been replaced by the
Magistrates\' Courts . Most buses can now be caught from New Street
between the Octagon and Cooper Square shopping centres.
Burton upon Trent Corporation Tramways operated a tramway service in
Burton between 1903 and 1929. The system comprised four routes going
out from Station Street to Horninglow, Branston Road, Stapenhill, and
Winshill. The depot was in
The town is served by the general aviation airfield located at
Tatenhill four miles west.
Burton is also on 2 routes of the
National Cycle Network . Route 54
links Burton with
Birmingham to the south and
Derby to the north with
the route closely following the
Trent and Mersey Canal around Burton.
National Cycle Route 63 starts in Burton and links to South Derbyshire
via the town centre,
Stapenhill Viaduct, the recently refurbished
Ferry Bridge and Stanton. Route 63 terminates at the Trent ">
CrossCountry train at
Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent railway station
Arriva bus in Burton
The mother church of Burton is St Modwen\'s , a Georgian building
which replaced the former Burton Abbey's church. Other Anglican parish
churches built to serve the expanding population include St Mark\'s,
Winshill , St Paul\'s , St John the Divine,
Horninglow , St Chad\'s
and All Saints and St Mary\'s, Stretton .
There are five mosques in Burton, three
Sufi , one
Deobandi and one
Salafi . There is a
Gurdwara established in St
Chad's Community Centre. Although there was a small Jewish community
in Burton in the early half of the 20th century, there is no record of
a synagogue being established. There was, however, a close
relationship with the community in Derby, whose minister acted as
visiting teacher and shochet .
St Modwen\'s Church
A Victorian drawing of Holy Trinity Church
St Paul\'s Church
St Chad\'s Church
Pirelli Stadium , home of
Burton Albion F.C.
Since the establishment of the Football League in 1888, Burton has
been represented by four separate clubs in the League, two of which
played in the league simultaneously in the 1890s. Burton Swifts became
members of the Football League in 1892, and were joined by Burton
Wanderers in 1894. Swifts played at
Peel Croft , whilst Wanderers home
Derby Turn . Wanderers left the League in 1897, and the two
clubs merged to form Burton United in 1901, with the new club playing
at Peel Croft. United were voted out of the Football League in 1907,
and folded in 1910. Burton All Saints were then left as the town's
main club, becoming Burton Town in 1924, but folded in 1940. In 1950
Burton Albion were founded. Having moved from
Eton Park to the Pirelli
Stadium in 2005, Albion became the town's fourth Football League club
in 2009 after winning the
Football Conference . The team now plays in
The Championship , the second tier of the English football league
system , following a promotion in the 2015-16 season after only one
year in League One . Burton is also the location of the St George\'s
Park National Football Centre , which opened in 2012.
The Burton & District Cricket League has many notable clubs,
including Burton Cricket Club,
Dunstall Cricket Club , Abbott's
Lichfield Cricket Club .
Burton Rugby Football Club , one of the oldest rugby union clubs in
the country, was established in 1870, when it played both association
and rugby football rules. It did not adopt rugby union only rules
The town is also home to the Burton Canoe Club on the banks of the
River Trent. It has recently expanded and built its own clubhouse.
Also along the
River Trent in Burton are Burton Leander Rowing Club,
which was founded in 1847 (and is one of the oldest rowing clubs in
the country), and Trent Rowing Club, founded in 1863.
Burton Hockey Club was established in 1899. The club actively
promotes and supports seven men's teams, four ladies' teams, and a
popular and successful youth academy. Home matches are played at
Shobnall Leisure Complex in the shadows of Marstons Brewery, Shobnall
Road. The club has also been recognised as working towards providing a
Safe, Effective and Child Friendly club environment, and as such has
been awarded the
England Hockey Club's First Accreditation, (EH id:
Burton is home to the Powerhouse Gym International All-Round
Weightlifting team, which was set up in 1985 by Steve Gardner (former
World All-Round Weightlifting Champion - inducted into the IAWA (UK)
Hall of Fame in 2000). The club trains All-Round Weightlifters,
including powerlifting and Olympic weightlifting and is affiliated to
the International All-Round Weightlifting Association. The Burton
club hosted the 2008 IAWA World Championships.
Michael Arthur Bass , 1st
Baron Burton (1837–1909),
industrialist and philanthropist, member of the Bass brewing dynasty.
* William Bass , (1717–1787) founder of the brewery business of
Bass creator of the world-famous Newcastle Brown
Phil Seamen , (1926-1972), jazz drummer, who played and recorded
with many famous jazz musicians.
Nicholas Whittaker , (born 1957), author, journalist and former
pupil of Burton Grammar School.
Edward Wightman (1566–1612), a
General Baptist , last religious
martyr to be burnt at the stake for '
Heresy ' in England.
Alastair Yates , former Sky News -webkit-column-count: 2;
* Blantyre ,
* Elkhart ,
Indiana , United States
Lingen Ems , Germany
* Rochefort , France
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Joseph Addison in
The Spectator in 1712 recorded visiting Vauxhall
Gardens where he drank a glass of Burton ale.
* In the poem "Terence, this is stupid stuff" from
A.E. Housman 's A
Shropshire Lad , the speaker asks the question, "Say, for what were
hop-yards meant, / Or why was Burton built on Trent?" referring to the
town's history of beer brewing.
* _Burton-on-Trent, Its History, Its Waters and Its Breweries_ by W
Molyneux. Published by Trubner, 1869.
* _History of Burton upon Trent_ by CH Underhill. Published by
Tresises, Burton, 1941.
* _County Borough, the History of
Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent 1901–1974.
Part 1, Edwardian Burton_ by Denis Stuart. Published by The Charter
Trustees of Burton upon Trent, 1975.
* _County Borough, the History of
Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent 1901–1974.
Part 2, 1914–1974_ by Denis Stuart. Published by The Charter
Trustees of Burton upon Trent, 1977.
* _Deus Nobiscum, A History of Burton Grammar School_ by GE Radford.
Published by GE Radford, 1973.
* _A Brief History of St Modwen's, the Parish Church of
Burton-upon-Trent_ by Ernest Aldington Hunt. Published by British
Publishing Co, Gloucester, 1973.
* _The Development of Industry in Burton-upon-Trent_ by CC Owen.
Published by Phillimore, Chichester, 1978.
* _Charters of Burton Abbey_ by PH Sawyer. Published by Oxford
University Press, Oxford, 1979.