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BURTON UPON TRENT, also known as BURTON-ON-TRENT or simply BURTON, is a town on the River Trent in East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, England, close to the border with Derbyshire . In 2011 , it had a population of 72,299. The demonym for residents of the town is "Burtonian".

Burton is known for brewing . The town originally grew up around Burton Abbey . Burton Bridge was also the site of two battles, in 1322 when Edward II defeated the rebel Earl of Lancaster and 1643 when royalists captured the town during the First English Civil War . William Lord Paget and his descendants were responsible for extending the manor house within the abbey grounds and facilitating the extension of the River Trent Navigation to Burton. Burton grew into a busy market town by the early modern period.

The town is served by Burton-on-Trent railway station .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Canals and breweries

* 2 Government

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Region

* 4 Demography

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Brewing
Brewing
* 5.2 Manufacturing * 5.3 Retail * 5.4 Services

* 6 Culture and community

* 6.1 Culture * 6.2 Community facilities

* 7 Landmarks * 8 Transport * 9 Religious sites * 10 Education * 11 Sport * 12 Notable residents * 13 Twin towns

* 14 References

* 14.1 Notes * 14.2 Bibliography

* 15 Further reading * 16 External links

HISTORY

Ryknild Street , a Roman road, ran north-east through what later became the parish of Burton, linking camps at Letocetum (Wall ), near Lichfield
Lichfield
, and Derventio (Little Chester) , near Derby
Derby
.

Between 666 and 669 Wilfrid , the pro-Roman bishop of York, exercised episcopal functions in Mercia
Mercia
, whose Christian king, Wulfhere , gave him land in various places, on which he established monasteries . Burton was almost certainly one of the sites: the name Andresey given to an island in the river Trent near the parish church means "Andrew's isle" and refers to a church there dedicated to St Andrew. The island is associated with the legend of St Modwen or Modwenna, an Irish abbess. It is likely that any surviving religious house would have been destroyed during the Danish incursion into the area in 874. Place names indicate Scandinavian influence, and several personal names of Scandinavian origin were still used in the area in the early 12th century. In 1003 a Benedictine abbey was established on a new site on the west bank of the Trent at Burton by Wulfric Spott , a thegn possibly descended from King Alfred
King Alfred
. He is known to have been buried in the abbey cloister in 1010, alongside his wife.

Burton Abbey was mentioned in Domesday book
Domesday book
, where it was said to control lands in Appleby Magna in Leicestershire
Leicestershire
, and Mickleover , Winshill , Stapenhill , Coton in the Elms , Ca(u)ldwell (in Stapenhill Parish) and Ticknall , all then in Derbyshire . The monastery was the most important in Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and by the 1530s had the highest revenue. It is known that there were frequent Royal visits to the abbey, including those by William I , Henry II and Edward I
Edward I
. In the 12th and 13th centuries streets were laid out off the west side of High Street, the earliest being New Street, which stretched from the abbey gates towards the line of Ryknild Street. Horninglow Street at the north end of High Street was part of a major east-west route using the bridge over the river.

A royal charter was granted on 12 April 1200 by King John to the Abbot
Abbot
to hold a market in Burton every Thursday. This charter was later renewed by King Henry III and King Edward IV
King Edward IV
There were four annual fairs for trade in horses, cattle and produce: on Candlemas Day , 5 April, Holy Thursday , and 29 October (the feast of St Modwen) although as in other British towns this practice has now died out. An early photograph of the 36 arch medieval Burton bridge. The bridge was an important crossing point and was the site of battles in 1322 and 1643. It was demolished and replaced in 1863.

While Burton's great bridge over the Trent was in poor repair by the early 16th century it served as "a comen passage to and fro many countries to the grett releff and comfort of travellyng people", according to the abbot . The bridge was the site of two battles, first in 1322 when Edward III defeated the rebel Earl of Lancaster and also in 1643 when the Royalists captured the town during the First English Civil War . Sir William Paget was granted the lands at Burton Abbey in 1546 by Henry VIII and expanded the Manor House
Manor House
using materials from the abbey. The family's ownership was later confiscated after being implicated in a Catholic plot against Elizabeth I , but was restored to his descendant William 6th Lord Paget .

Under Henry VIII the abbey was dissolved in 1539, to be refounded in 1541 as a collegiate church for a dean (who had been the last abbot) and four prebendaries . It was again dissolved in 1545 and granted to Sir William Paget. Paget began planning to expand the Manor House within the abbey precincts, known to have existed since at least 1514, into a grand mansion. To provide the materials for this project, the old abbey buildings were to be cannibalised. There were major alterations to the house over the next three centuries. Sir William died in 1563. After his death, the Paget family was implicated in Catholic plots against Queen Elizabeth I , the manor house along with most of the family estates were confiscated, with the Manor House leased to Richard Almond in 1612. Parts of the abbey church may have been retained for parish use, however these were demolished and replaced by a new church in 1719–26. Some fragments remain of the chapter house nearby but little of the rest remains either. Two buildings were converted to residential use - a part known as the Manor House
Manor House
, and the former Infirmary
Infirmary
. The Infirmary
Infirmary
became known as The Abbey, and is now an inn.

CANALS AND BREWERIES

The Paget family's lands and title were restored to them by James I in 1602 and they owned considerable estates around Burton for over 150 years. In 1699, William Lord Paget obtained an Act of Parliament to extend navigation on the River Trent from Nottingham
Nottingham
up to Burton, but nothing was immediately done. In 1711, Lord Paget leased his rights to George Hayne , who in 1712 opened the River Trent Navigation and constructed a wharf and other buildings in the precinct of the old abbey. This led to the development of Burton as the major town for brewing and exporting beer , as it allowed Burton beer to be shipped to Hull , and on to the Baltic Sea and Prussia
Prussia
, as well as to London , where it was being sold in 1712. A number of breweries opened in the second half of the 18th century. The Napoleonic blockade badly affected overseas trade, leading to some consolidation and a redirection of the trade to London
London
and Lancashire
Lancashire
via canals. When Burton brewers succeeded in replicating the pale ale produced in London, the advantage of the water's qualities allowed the development of the trade of Burton India Pale Ale
Ale
(an ale specially brewed to keep during the long sea voyage to India ). New rail links to Liverpool enabled brewers to export their beer throughout the British Empire
British Empire
.

Burton came to dominate the brewing trade, and at its height one quarter of all beer sold in Britain was produced here. In the second half of the 19th century there was a growth in native breweries, supplemented by outside brewing companies moving into the town, so that over 30 breweries were recorded in 1880. However at the beginning of the 20th century there was a slump in beer sales, causing many breweries to fail; the industry suffered from the Liberal government 's anti-drinking attitudes. This time no new markets were found and so the number of breweries shrank by closure and consolidation from 20 in 1900 to 8 in 1928. After further mergers and buy-outs, just three main breweries remained by 1980: Bass , Ind Coope and Marston\'s .

Burton was home to the Peel family, who played a significant role in the Industrial Revolution . The family home is still visible in the town as Peel House on Lichfield
Lichfield
Street. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II visited the town on 3 July 2002 during her Golden Jubilee celebrations.

GOVERNMENT

Burton is the administrative centre for the borough of East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and forms part of the Burton constituency . The local Member of Parliament is the Conservative Party 's Andrew Griffiths , who has represented the Burton constituency since May 2010. The Conservatives took the seat from Labour in the 2010 general election with an 8.7% swing.

Burton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1878. The incorporated area was split between the counties of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and Derbyshire - the Local Government Act 1888 incorporated the entirety of the borough in Staffordshire, including the former Derbyshire parishes of Stapenhill and Winshill . It became a county borough in 1901, having reached the 50,000 population required.

It never substantially exceeded the population of 50,000, and at a population of 50,201 in the 1971 census was the smallest county borough in England
England
after Canterbury
Canterbury
. The Local Government Commission for England
England
recommended in the 1960s that it be demoted to a non-county borough within Staffordshire, but this was not implemented. Under the Local Government Act 1972 , the town became on 1 April 1974, an unparished area in the new district of East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
.

The town became entirely parished on 1 April 2003, when the parishes of Anglesey , Branston , Brizlincote , Burton , Horninglow and Eton , Shobnall , Stapenhill , and Winshill were created.

Burton parish itself only covers the town centre, with the other parishes covering various suburbs.

GEOGRAPHY

Burton is about 109 miles (175 km) north west of London
London
, about 30 miles north east of Birmingham
Birmingham
, the UK's second largest city and about 23 miles east of the county town Stafford
Stafford
. It is at the easternmost border of the county of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
with Derbyshire, its suburbs and the course of the River Trent forming part of the county boundary. Burton is closer to Derby
Derby
(approx. 12 miles) than it is to Stafford. It is also near the south-eastern terminus of the Trent and Mersey Canal . Burton lies within the northern boundary of the National Forest . The town centre is on the western bank of the River Trent in a valley bottom; its average elevation is about 50 metres above sea level; the village of Winshill and the suburb of Stapenhill rise to 130 m and 100 m respectively. ‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

DESTINATIONS FROM BURTON-UPON-TRENT

Stoke-on-Trent , Blythe Bridge , Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
, Hanbury , Tutbury
Tutbury
Brailsford , Hilton , Rolleston , Horninglow , Newton Solney , Repton , Willington , Derby
Derby
, Nottingham
Nottingham

Stafford
Stafford
, Little Haywood , Abbots Bromley , Hoar Cross , Rangemore

Melbourne , East Midlands Airport , Kegworth , East Leake
East Leake

BURTON-UPON-TRENT

Barton-under-Needwood , Alrewas and Fradley , Lichfield
Lichfield
, Walsall Drakelow , Harlaston , Tamworth Swadlincote , Ashby-de-la-Zouch , Coalville , Whitwick
Whitwick
, Leicester
Leicester

Burton became a centre for the brewing industry due in part to the quality of the local water, which contains a high proportion of dissolved salts, predominantly caused by the gypsum in the surrounding hills. This allowed a greater proportion of hops, a natural preservative, to be included in the beer, thereby allowing the beer to be shipped further afield. Much of the open land within and around the town is protected from chemical treatment to help preserve this water quality.

REGION

There is some confusion as to whether Burton is in the West Midlands or the East Midlands , even though the entire urban centre is southwest of the River Dove , which forms the Derbyshire/Staffordshire boundary. Being situated in Staffordshire, the town officially lies within the West Midlands region. Several factors contribute to the ambiguity of the town's status. The local vernacular shares more similarities with East Midlands English than West Midlands English ; the town was formerly within the East Midlands Utility (electricity/gas) areas, and has Derby
Derby
postcodes (DE13-DE15). However, it is served by the BBC Midlands (West Midlands) region, based in Birmingham
Birmingham
and before consolidation exercises formed part of the ITV Central (West) region, again based in Birmingham
Birmingham
.

DEMOGRAPHY

The town had an estimated population of 43,784 in the 2001 Census . Stapenhill and Winshill were treated separately and together had a further population of 21,985 according to this source. According to the 2001 census, 71% of the town's population identify themselves as Christian, 12% as atheist or agnostic and 8.5% Muslim. In the 2011 Census, the population of the town, now treated wholly, came to 72,299.

ECONOMY

BREWING

Coors Brewers Maltings Division Shobnall Site, is located on Wellington Road. The maltings were originally built by the world-famous Bass Brewery, which was taken over by the American brewery Coors, around the late 1990s. Main article: Brewers of Burton See also: Burtonisation

For centuries brewing was Burton's major trade, and it is still an important part of its economy.

The town is currently home to eight breweries; Coors Brewers Ltd : formerly Bass Brewers Ltd, and now the UK arm of Molson Coors Brewing Company – which produces Carling and Worthington Bitter ; Marston, Thompson and Evershed plc, bought by Wolverhampton "> Tower Brewery, Burton, a microbrewery based in the old Salts Water Tower of Walsitch Maltings, which were formerly used by the second biggest brewer in Burton.

Burton Bridge Brewery is a local company based in Bridge Street with six local pubs in and around Burton. It produces a number of traditional beers including Bridge Bitter, Stairway to Heaven, Damson Porter and Golden Delicious. Tower Brewery is a microbrewery located off Wharf Road. Old Cottage Brewery is based in Hawkins Lane. Its beers include Oak Ale
Ale
and Halcyon Daze. Black Hole Brewery is based at the Imex Centre. Gates Brewery is also a microbrewery and is located in Reservoir Road.

Burton is also the corporate headquarters of the pub operators Punch Taverns plc and Spirit Pub Company , which were spun out of Bass in 1997. In addition, the White Shield micro-brewery remains open alongside the National Brewery Centre (formerly the Bass Museum of Brewing).

A by-product of the brewing industry, figuratively and literally, is the presence of the Marmite factory in the town. This in turn generated the production of Bovril . Both are now owned by multinational company Unilever
Unilever
.

With brewing being so ingrained with the town, it is probably not surprising that Burton is also home to CAMRA 's National Breweriana Auction that takes place each October, latterly in the Town Hall.

In addition to the brewery industry, tyre manufacturer Pirelli
Pirelli
is a major employer in the town, and they are a major sponsor of the Burton Albion Football Club.

The Burton suburb of Branston is where Branston Pickle was invented.

MANUFACTURING

Eatough's (sometimes Etough's) was a shoemaking firm from Leicestershire
Leicestershire
that opened a factory in Burton Road, Branston in 1920. It was the first British shoe factory to introduce music in the workplace (1936), and washable children's sandals ('Plastisha' 1957), but it closed in 1989 as a result of competition from cheap imports.

Briggs of Burton (formerly S. Briggs "> The former site is now occupied by the Octagon Shopping Centre.

RETAIL

Entrance to Cooper\'s Square shopping centre, Burton town centre Burton Market Hall on market day. Built in 1883 to replace an older structure, the footprint of which is marked by four L-shaped metal pieces set into the ground roughly halfway between the church and the high street. The hall has a trussed roof with cast iron support pillars. Architects: Dixon "> The market square

A market has been held on Thursdays in Burton since a charter was granted to the abbot by King John on 12 April 1200. Burton today has an indoor and an outdoor market, which are owned by East Staffordshire Borough Council. In 2011 the council contracted out responsibility for market stall rentals to private letting agency Quarterbridge. The Market Hall was built in 1883 from designs by Dixon the unit was formerly a volunteer brigade of the North Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Regiment .

LANDMARKS

The Burton Cooper, Coopers Square Shopping Centre The bronze sculpture, The Burton Cooper by James Walter Butler was commissioned in 1977 and depicts a local craftsman. It originally stood opposite the market and was moved to its present location in 1994.

The town's connection with the brewing industry is celebrated in _The Burton Cooper _ a bronze sculpture, by James Walter Butler . It was commissioned in 1977 and depicts a local craftsman making a barrel . It originally stood opposite the market and - despite opposition from many townspeople - was moved to its present location inside the Cooper\'s Square Shopping Centre in 1994.

The National Brewery Centre (previously Coors Visitor Centre "> The station utilises the PlusBus scheme where train and 'bus tickets can be bought together at a saving.

The town had its own municipal 'buses known as Burton Corporation and later East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
District Council after 1974. This was taken over by Stevenson's of Spath in the mid-1980s and in turn was absorbed by Arriva
Arriva
in the late 1990s. Arriva
Arriva
Midlands and independents now operate locally and provide services to Uttoxeter, Derby, Horninglow , Edge Hill, Stapenhill , Queen's Hospital Burton, Winshill, Stretton, Abbots Bromley , Tatenhill , Wetmore, Lichfield
Lichfield
and Ashby-de-la-Zouch . The former Burton Corporation depot has been replaced by the Magistrates\' Courts . Most buses can now be caught from New Street between the Octagon and Cooper Square shopping centres.

Burton upon Trent Corporation Tramways operated a tramway service in Burton between 1903 and 1929. The system comprised four routes going out from Station Street to Horninglow, Branston Road, Stapenhill, and Winshill. The depot was in Horninglow Road.

The town is served by the general aviation airfield located at Tatenhill four miles west.

Burton is also on 2 routes of the National Cycle Network . Route 54 links Burton with Birmingham
Birmingham
to the south and Derby
Derby
to the north with the route closely following the Trent and Mersey Canal around Burton. National Cycle Route 63 starts in Burton and links to South Derbyshire via the town centre, Stapenhill Viaduct, the recently refurbished Ferry Bridge and Stanton. Route 63 terminates at the Trent ">

An intercity CrossCountry train at Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
railway station *

Metronet-liveried 66717 *

An Arriva
Arriva
bus in Burton

RELIGIOUS SITES

The mother church of Burton is St Modwen\'s , a Georgian building which replaced the former Burton Abbey's church. Other Anglican parish churches built to serve the expanding population include St Mark\'s, Winshill , St Paul\'s , St John the Divine, Horninglow , St Chad\'s and All Saints and St Mary\'s, Stretton .

There are five mosques in Burton, three Bareilvi or Sufi
Sufi
, one Deobandi and one Salafi . There is a Sikh
Sikh
Gurdwara
Gurdwara
established in St Chad's Community Centre. Although there was a small Jewish community in Burton in the early half of the 20th century, there is no record of a synagogue being established. There was, however, a close relationship with the community in Derby, whose minister acted as visiting teacher and shochet .

*

St Modwen\'s Church *

A Victorian drawing of Holy Trinity Church *

St Paul\'s Church *

St Chad\'s Church

EDUCATION

Burton "> Pirelli
Pirelli
Stadium , home of Burton Albion F.C.

Since the establishment of the Football League in 1888, Burton has been represented by four separate clubs in the League, two of which played in the league simultaneously in the 1890s. Burton Swifts became members of the Football League in 1892, and were joined by Burton Wanderers in 1894. Swifts played at Peel Croft , whilst Wanderers home ground was Derby
Derby
Turn . Wanderers left the League in 1897, and the two clubs merged to form Burton United in 1901, with the new club playing at Peel Croft. United were voted out of the Football League in 1907, and folded in 1910. Burton All Saints were then left as the town's main club, becoming Burton Town in 1924, but folded in 1940. In 1950 Burton Albion were founded. Having moved from Eton Park to the Pirelli Stadium in 2005, Albion became the town's fourth Football League club in 2009 after winning the Football Conference . The team now plays in The Championship , the second tier of the English football league system , following a promotion in the 2015-16 season after only one year in League One . Burton is also the location of the St George\'s Park National Football Centre , which opened in 2012.

The Burton & District Cricket League has many notable clubs, including Burton Cricket Club, Dunstall Cricket Club , Abbott's Bromley, Yoxall and Lichfield
Lichfield
Cricket Club .

Burton Rugby Football Club , one of the oldest rugby union clubs in the country, was established in 1870, when it played both association and rugby football rules. It did not adopt rugby union only rules until 1876.

The town is also home to the Burton Canoe Club on the banks of the River Trent. It has recently expanded and built its own clubhouse. Also along the River Trent in Burton are Burton Leander Rowing Club, which was founded in 1847 (and is one of the oldest rowing clubs in the country), and Trent Rowing Club, founded in 1863.

Burton Hockey Club was established in 1899. The club actively promotes and supports seven men's teams, four ladies' teams, and a popular and successful youth academy. Home matches are played at Shobnall Leisure Complex in the shadows of Marstons Brewery, Shobnall Road. The club has also been recognised as working towards providing a Safe, Effective and Child Friendly club environment, and as such has been awarded the England
England
Hockey Club's First Accreditation, (EH id: 1180).

Burton is home to the Powerhouse Gym International All-Round Weightlifting team, which was set up in 1985 by Steve Gardner (former World All-Round Weightlifting Champion - inducted into the IAWA (UK) Hall of Fame in 2000). The club trains All-Round Weightlifters, including powerlifting and Olympic weightlifting and is affiliated to the International All-Round Weightlifting Association. The Burton club hosted the 2008 IAWA World Championships.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

* Michael Arthur Bass , 1st Baron Burton (1837–1909), industrialist and philanthropist, member of the Bass brewing dynasty. * William Bass , (1717–1787) founder of the brewery business of Bass creator of the world-famous Newcastle Brown Ale
Ale
* Phil Seamen , (1926-1972), jazz drummer, who played and recorded with many famous jazz musicians. * Nicholas Whittaker , (born 1957), author, journalist and former pupil of Burton Grammar School. * Edward Wightman (1566–1612), a General Baptist , last religious martyr to be burnt at the stake for ' Heresy
Heresy
' in England. * Alastair Yates , former Sky News -webkit-column-count: 2; column-count: 2;">

* Blantyre , Malawi * Elkhart , Indiana
Indiana
, United States * Lingen Ems , Germany * Rochefort , France * Toyserkan , Iran
Iran
* Bielawa , Poland
Poland

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ "Contact us". _East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Borough Council website_. East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Borough Council. Retrieved 29 March 2012. * ^ "table KS01 (Key Statistics 2001) Usual resident population". ONS. Retrieved 13 March 2012. Stapenhill and Winshill are treated as separate and together have a population of 21,985 according to this source * ^ "Burton upon Trent". * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Tringham, Nigel J. "Burton-upon-Trent General history". _British HIstory Online_. University of London
London
& History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 31 March 2012. * ^ G C Baugh; L W Cowie; J C Dickinson; A P Duggan; A K B Evans; R H Evans; Una C Hannam; P Heath; D A Johnston; Hilda Johnstone; Ann J Kettle; J L Kirby; R Mansfield; A Saltman. Greenslade, M W; Pugh, R B, eds. "Houses of Benedictine monks The abbey of Burton". _British History Online_. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ Tringham, Nigel J. "Burton-upon-Trent Growth of settlement". _British History Online_. University of London
London
& History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 31 March 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ White, William. "From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851". _GENUKI:Burton Upon Trent_. GENUKI. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ "Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516; Staffordshire". _The Institute of Historical Research_. Centre for Metropolitan History. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ Letter from the abbot of Burton describing Burton Bridge in C.H. Underhill, _A History of Burton on Trent_ (Burton, 1941), p. 168. * ^ Gallagher, Kevin. "Sir William Paget – 1st Baron Paget of Beaudesert". _Burton on Trent Local History_. Kevin Gallagher. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ "Paget, William (1572–1628) 4th Baron Paget". _National Archives_. The National Archives. Retrieved 31 March 2012. * ^ "Burton-upon-Trent: General history - British History Online". * ^ "Burton-upon-Trent: Economic history - British History Online".

* ^ "Election 2010 > UK > England
England
> West Midlands > Burton". BBC News. * ^ "Communities and Local Government". Archived from the original on 7 December 2005. * ^ "Measuring the Distance Between London
London
Great Britain & Burton-on-Trent Great Britain". _Distance Calculator_. distance-calculator.co.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2012. * ^ Google Maps (29.9 miles) and British Rail timetable (30.1 miles) * ^ " Stafford
Stafford
Distance to Burton On Trent in Great Britain". _Distance Calculator_. distance-calculator.co.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2012. * ^ "Location of the National Forest". _nationalforest.org_. The National Forest Company. Retrieved 1 April 2012. * ^ Stott, Johnathan. "Elevation/Heights above sea level for Burton on Trent". _Earthtools_. Earth Tools, Johnathan Stott. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2012. * ^ "table KS01 (Key Statistics 2001) Usual resident population". ONS. Retrieved 13 March 2012. * ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/census-2001-key-statistics/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales-ks07--religion.xls * ^ " Marmite - Food brands - Unilever". Archived from the original on 13 March 2010. * ^ Bovril Food brands Unilever
Unilever
Archived 11 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Burton Market Stallholders Given Ownership Opportunity". _In Burton April 30th, 2009_. In Burton. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ " Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
Market". _Quarterbridge website_. quarterbridge. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ Fletcher, Tim (29 June 2011). "Optimistic outlook after indoor market showdown". _Burton Mail_. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
Market". _ESBC-East Staffordshire Markets_. East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Borough Council. Retrieved 17 April 2012.

* ^ Gallagher, Kevin. "Market Hall– General History". _The local history of Burton on Trent_. Kevin Gallagher. Retrieved 17 April 2012.

* ^ "Farmers markets staffordshire". _A taste of staffordshire_. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ "Nando\'s opens doors in Burton today – take a sneak peak with our exclusive look around". _Burton Mail_. Retrieved 8 March 2016. * ^ Hill, Ed (13 October 2005). "Market Brings OOH-LA-LA". _Burton Mail_. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ "Contact Us" (). Nord Anglia Education . Retrieved on 5 March 2016. "Head Office Nord Anglia Education PLC Nord House Third Avenue Centrum 100 Burton-upon-Trent Staffordshire
Staffordshire
DE14 2WD " and "International Schools Division Anglia House Carrs Road Cheadle Cheshire SK8 2LA " and "Learning Services Division Anglia House Carrs Road Cheadle Cheshire SK8 2LA " * ^ "The Brewhouse". * ^ "East Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Borough Council - East Staffordshire Borough Council". * ^ Soar, Daryl (19 August 2011). "Heavy weekend can get into your blood". _Burton Mail_. Retrieved 17 April 2012. * ^ "351(Burton-on-Trent) Squadron ATC". * ^ "Burton-on-Trent Local area - Onward travel - Bus stops". _National Rail enquiries website_. Intrasol Ltd, and Transport for London
London
© Crown Copyright. Retrieved 4 April 2012. * ^ "Burton Town Centre Bus Stop Guide". _Arrivabus_. Arriva. Retrieved 4 April 2012. * ^ The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis. * ^ The Golden Age of Tramways, Taylor & Francis * ^ "Mosques in Burton On Trent, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
(5)". _UK Mosques directory_. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ "Minority Ethnic Organisations and groups in Staffordshire". _education.staffordshire.gov.uk_. Staffordshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ "Burton-on-Trent Jewish Community". _Jewish Communities and Records_. JCR-UK. Retrieved 30 March 2012. * ^ _ University of Wolverhampton _, Retrieved 14 January 2015. * ^ Dave Twyell (2001) _Denied F.C.: The Football League election struggles_, Yore Publications, p7, ISBN 1874427984 * ^ Twyell, p54 * ^ Twyell, p55 * ^ "The Vision". _The FA_. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2010. * ^ "Burton and District Cricket League". _Burton and District Cricket League official website_. bdcl. Retrieved 19 April 2012. * ^ "Historical Rugby Milestones 1870s". _Rugby Football History_. www.rugbyfootballhistory.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012. * ^ "Burton Hockey Club". * ^ http://powerhousegym.org.uk/index.html * ^ "2007 IAWA championships" (PDF). _IAWA.org.uk_. IAWA. Retrieved 29 March 2012.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Joseph Addison in The Spectator in 1712 recorded visiting Vauxhall Gardens where he drank a glass of Burton ale. * In the poem "Terence, this is stupid stuff" from A.E. Housman 's A Shropshire Lad , the speaker asks the question, "Say, for what were hop-yards meant, / Or why was Burton built on Trent?" referring to the town's history of beer brewing.

FURTHER READING

* _Burton-on-Trent, Its History, Its Waters and Its Breweries_ by W Molyneux. Published by Trubner, 1869. * _History of Burton upon Trent_ by CH Underhill. Published by Tresises, Burton, 1941. * _County Borough, the History of Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
1901–1974. Part 1, Edwardian Burton_ by Denis Stuart. Published by The Charter Trustees of Burton upon Trent, 1975. * _County Borough, the History of Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
1901–1974. Part 2, 1914–1974_ by Denis Stuart. Published by The Charter Trustees of Burton upon Trent, 1977. * _Deus Nobiscum, A History of Burton Grammar School_ by GE Radford. Published by GE Radford, 1973. * _A Brief History of St Modwen's, the Parish Church of Burton-upon-Trent_ by Ernest Aldington Hunt. Published by British Publishing Co, Gloucester, 1973. * _The Development of Industry in Burton-upon-Trent_ by CC Owen. Published by Phillimore, Chichester, 1978. * _Charters of Burton Abbey_ by PH Sawyer. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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