The Bursuuk or also written as Barsuk or Barsuq or Barsuug (Somali: Barsuug, Arabic: برسوق ) is a clan belonging to the major Dir clan family. They largely live in Ethiopia, in the Somali region, especially around the ancient city of Harar and in between the city and Jigjiga.[1][2]


Richard Burton described the Bursuk as one of the Somalis of the mountains who derive themselves from Dir. He explained in 1854 that they were at war with 3 different clans or tribes, of which the Girhi, the Berteri and the Gallas who are known today as Oromos.[3]


  1. ^ Lewis, I. M. (1998-01-01). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. Red Sea Press. p. 26. ISBN 9781569021057. 
  2. ^ Division, Great Britain War Office Intelligence (1941-01-01). A Handbook of Ethiopia. publisher not identified. p. 55. 
  3. ^ Burton, Sir Richard Francis; Speke, John Hanning; Barker, William C. (1856-01-01). First Footsteps in East Africa: Or, An Exploration of Harar. Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. p. 279.