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The treaty between Kingdom of Siam and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland commonly known as the Burney Treaty
Burney Treaty
was signed at Bangkok
Bangkok
on 20 June 1826 by Henry Burney, an agent of British East India Company, for the United Kingdom and King Rama III
Rama III
for Siam. It followed an earlier treaty of 24 February 1826, in which Siam became an ally of Britain against the Kingdom of Ava (Burma), with which Britain was at war. A Siamese army was actually raised and equipped, but took no serious part in the war due to ill-feeling and suspicion arising from the Siamese invasion of Kedah
Siamese invasion of Kedah
in 1821. In 1822, John Crawfurd
John Crawfurd
undertook a mission to the court of King Rama II to determine Siam's position on the Malay states.[1] The treaty acknowledged Siamese claims over the four northern Malay states
Malay states
of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis
Perlis
and Terengganu—the future Unfederated Malay States. The treaty further guaranteed British possession of Penang
Penang
and their rights to trade in Kelantan
Kelantan
and Terengganu
Terengganu
without Siamese interference. The four Malay states
Malay states
were not represented in the treaty negotiation. In 1909 the parties of the agreement signed a new treaty that superseded that of 1826 and transferred the four Malay states from Siamese to British control.[2][3] As the Burney Treaty
Burney Treaty
did not adequately address commerce, that aspect was elaborated in the Bowring Treaty, signed by King Mongkut
Mongkut
(Rama IV) on 18 April 1855, that liberalized trade rules and regulations. References[edit]

^ Stern, Duncan (May 14–20, 2004). "Dr. John Crawfurd
John Crawfurd
and the Mission to Thailand, 1822" (Column). A Slice of Thai History. Pattaya Mail. Retrieved August 11, 2011. This in turn helped Captain Henry Burney conclude a treaty of commerce with Thailand in June 1826.  ^ Duncan Stern (May 14–20, 2004). "Dr. John Crawfurd
John Crawfurd
and the Mission to Thailand, 1822". Pattaya
Pattaya
Mail. Pattaya: Pattaya
Pattaya
Mail Publishing Co. XII (20). Retrieved August 11, 2011. This in turn helped Captain Henry Burney conclude a treaty of commerce with Thailand in June 1826.  ^ Wood, William A. R. (2001-10-01). A history of Siam (Paperback ed.). Lightning Source Inc. ISBN 1931541108. 

External links[edit]

Works related to Burney Treaty
Burney Treaty
at Wikisource

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