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The Burid dynasty
Burid dynasty
was a Turkish Muslim dynasty[1] which ruled over the Emirate
Emirate
of Damascus
Damascus
in the early 12th century.

Contents

1 History 2 Burid Emirs of Damascus 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin,[2] began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself. The dynasty was named after Toghtekin's son, Taj al-Muluk Buri. The Burids gained recognition from the Abbasid caliphate
Abbasid caliphate
in return for considerable gifts. In return, the caliphate did not interfere in the emirate.[1] The Burids ruled the city until 1154, when it was taken by the Zengid ruler of Aleppo, Nur ed-Din.[3] The Burids lost to the Crusaders in the battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126) but were able to prevent the Second Crusade
Second Crusade
from capturing Damascus. Burid Emirs of Damascus[edit]

Titular Name(s) Personal Name Reign

Amir أمیر‬ Saif-ul-Islam سیف الاسلام‬ Zahir-ud-din Toghtekin ظاھر الدین طغتکین‬ 1104–1128

Amir أمیر‬ Taj-ul-Mulk Buri تاج الملک بوری‬ 1128–1132

Amir أمیر‬ Shams-ul-Mulk Isma'il شمس الملک اسماعیل ‬ 1132–1135

Amir أمیر‬ Shihab-ud-din Mahmud شھاب الدین محمود‬ 1135–1139

Amir أمیر‬ Jamal-ud-din Muhammad جمال الدین محمد‬ 1139–1140

Amir أمیر‬ Mu'in-ud-din Unur معین الدین أنر‬ 1140–1149 Regent

Amir أمیر‬ Mujir-ud-din مجیر الدین ‬ Abu Saʿid Ābaq ابو سعید ابق‬ 1140–1154

Zengid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
replaces the Burid dynasty.

Green shaded row signifies regency of Mu'in ad-Din Unur.

See also[edit]

List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

References[edit]

^ a b Burids, R. LeTourneau, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R.Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi Provencal and J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 1332. ^ D.S. Richards, The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from Al-Kamil Fi'l-ta-Ta'rikh, (Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2010), 16. ^ Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, Ed. Josef W. Meri, Jere L. Bacharach, (Taylor & Francis, 2006), 568.

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Damascus

Historic and other landmarks

Temple of Jupiter Street called Straight Citadel of Damascus Jobar
Jobar
Synagogue Nur al-Din Bimaristan Mausoleum of Saladin Azm Palace Maktab Anbar Hejaz Train Station Statue of Saladin Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Tishreen Palace Al-Shaab Palace

Madrasas

Al-Adiliyah Madrasa Al-Shamiyah al-Kubra Madrasa Al-Fathiyah Madrasa Al-Mujahidiyah Madrasa Al-Qilijiyah Madrasa Al-Rukniyah Madrasa Al-Sahiba Madrasa Al-Salimiyah Madrasa Al-Sibaiyah Madrasa Al-Zahiriyah Library Nur al-Din Madrasa

Mosques

Aqsab Mosque Darwish Pasha Mosque Hanabila Mosque Murad Pasha Mosque Nabi Habeel Mosque Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque Sinan Pasha Mosque Tekkiye Mosque Umayyad Mosque Yalbugha Mosque

Church buildings

Chapel of Saint Ananias Cathedral of Saint George Chapel of Saint Paul Mariamite Cathedral Cathedral of the Dormition Syriac Catholic cathedral

Historic gates

Bab al-Faradis Bab al-Jabiyah Bab al-Saghir Bab al-Salam Bab Kisan Bab Sharqi Bab Tuma

Souqs and khans

Khan Jaqmaq Khan As'ad Pasha Khan Sulayman Pasha Khan al-Harir Midhat Pasha Souq Al-Hamidiyah Souq Al-Buzuriyah Souq

Culture and education

National Museum of Damascus Al-Assad National Library Damascus
Damascus
Opera House Damascus
Damascus
University Syrian Virtual University International University for Science and Technology Syrian Private University Arab International University Higher Institute of Business Administration Higher Institute for Applied Science and Technology Higher Institute for Dramatic Arts National Institute of Administration Damascus
Damascus
Community School Lycée Charles de Gaulle Russian Embassy School in Damascus Shami Hospital

Entertainment

Bakdash (ice cream parlor) Bawabet Dimashq Havana Cafe Beit al-Mamlouka Hotel Blue Tower Hotel Four Seasons Hotel Damascus

Streets and squares

Baghdad Street Marjeh Square Rawda Square Sabaa Bahrat Square Umayyad Square Yusuf al-Azma Square

Nature

Barada
Barada
River Pharpar River Mount Qasioun Salera Hill Ghouta

Sport

Venues

Abbasiyyin Stadium Al-Fayhaa Sports Complex Al-Fayhaa Stadium Al-Jalaa Stadium Tishreen Stadium Al-Muhafaza Stadium Al-Fayhaa Sports Arena

Clubs

Al-Majd SC Al-Jaish SC Al-Shorta SC Al-Wahda SC Al-Muhafaza SC Barada
Barada
SC Nidal SC

Municipal districts

Old Damascus Sarouja Qanawat Jobar Al-Midan Al-Shaghour Qadam Kafr Sousa Mezzeh Dummar Barzeh Qaboun Rukn al-Din Al-Salihiyah Muhajreen

Historical timeline

List of rulers Aram Damascus Siege of Damascus
Damascus
(634) Jund Dimashq Burid dynasty Siege of Damascus
Damascus
(1148) Damascus
Damascus
Eyalet Damascus
Damascus
affair Damascus
Damascus
Protocol State of Damascus Battle of Damascus
Damascus
(1941) Damascus
Damascus
International Airport 1976 Pan Arab Games World Military Cup 1977 Damascus
Damascus
International Film Festival 1981 Azbakiyah bombing 1986 bombings 1992 Pan Arab Games Damascus
Damascus
Spring 2002 West Asian Football Federation Championship 2004 WABA Champions Cup Damascus
Damascus
Declaration 2008 Arab Capital of Culture 2008 Arab League summit 2008 car bombing 2011 bombings 2011–2012 clashes January 2012 al-Midan bombing March 2012 bombings April 2012 bombings May 2012 bombings Battle of Damascus
Damascus
(2012) 2012 Damascus
Damascus
bombing March 2017 Damascus
Damascus
bombings

Category:Damascus

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Islamic dynasties in Mashriq
Mashriq
region

Umayyads (661–750) Abbasids (750–1258) Tulunids
Tulunids
(868–905) Hamdanids (890-1004) Hadhabani
Hadhabani
(10th-11th century) Fatimids (909-1171) Ikhsidids (935–969) Jarrahids
Jarrahids
(970-11th/12th century) Numayrids (990-1081) Marwanids
Marwanids
(990-1085) Uqaylids (990-1096) Mirdasids (1024-1080) Artuqids
Artuqids
(11th–12th century) Burids (1104–1154) Zengids (1127–1250) Ayyubids (1171–1341) Lu'lu'ids (1234-1262) Bahri (1250–1382) Bahdinan (1376-1843) Burji (1382–1517) Harfush (15th-19th century) Soran (16th-19th century) Ridwan (1560s-1690) Baban
Baban
(1649–1850) Shihabs (1697-1842) Mamluks (1704-1831) Jalilis (1726-1834) Alawiyya (1805–1952) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Iraq (1921–1958) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Jordan (1921–present)

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