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Burgh Island
Burgh Island
is a small tidal island on the coast of South Devon
Devon
in England near the small seaside village of Bigbury-on-Sea. There are several buildings on the island, the largest being the Art Deco
Art Deco
Burgh Island Hotel. The other buildings are three private houses, and a public house, the Pilchard
Pilchard
Inn, run by the hotel.

Contents

1 History 2 The hotel 3 Notable visitors 4 Transport 5 Footpaths 6 References

History[edit] Archaeological discovery of tin ingots at the River Erme
River Erme
estuary wreck[1] such that the local area was a significant tin trading port in ancient times ; it is unclear whether the ingots date from the Iron Age or Sub-Roman periods, however this discovery so close to Burgh Island
Burgh Island
has drawn comparisons with Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus Siculus
1C BCE text, more often associated with St Michaels Mount
St Michaels Mount
in Cornwall:

At this time we shall treat of the tin which is dug from the ground. Those who dwell near Belerium, one of the headlands of Britain, are especially fond of strangers, and on account of their trade with the merchants they have a more civilized manner of living. They collect the tin after the earth has been skillfully forced to yield it. Although the land is stony, it has certain veins of earth from which they melt and purify the metal which has been extracted. After making this into bars they carry it to a certain island near Britain called Ictis. For although the place between is for the most part covered with water, yet in the middle there is dry ground, and over this they carry a great amount of tin in wagons [...] Thence the merchants carry into Gaul the tin which they have bought from the inhabitants. And after a journey of thirty days on foot through Gaul, they convey their packs carried by horses to the mouths of the Rhone River.[2]

The island has been known by various names over the years. Early records and maps mention it as St Michael's Island. The name later changed to Borough Island, eventually shortened to Burgh. As late as 1947 an Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map refers to the island as Borough Island.[3] In 1908 a postcard produced by Stengel & Co Ltd of London referred to it as Burr Island.[4] A map published in 1765 shows "Borough or Bur Isle".[5]

The remains of the former chapel

It is believed a monastery was established on the island, most of the remains of which may lie beneath the current hotel. The ancient Pilchard
Pilchard
Inn may have started life as the guest lodgings for the monastery.[citation needed] A small, perhaps transient, population of fishermen occupied the island following the dissolution of the monastery, specialising in pilchard fishing[citation needed]. There are the remains of a chapel atop the island, which later became a "huers hut" — a place where fishermen would make a "hue and cry" call to inform other fishermen of shoals of pilchards.[6] During this period smuggling, wrecking and piracy were common, benefiting from a natural barrier for half the day.[citation needed] Fear that German landing forces might use the island as a beachhead during World War II
World War II
resulted in the area's fortification with anti-tank defences and two pillboxes, positioned on both sides of the causeway. An observation post was also established on the summit to monitor the coastline.[citation needed] The hotel[edit]

Burgh Island
Burgh Island
at sunset, viewed from Thurlestone

Main article: Burgh Island
Burgh Island
Hotel Burgh Island
Burgh Island
is well-known today as the location of a restored 1930s Art Deco-style hotel.[7] Notable visitors[edit] Burgh Island
Burgh Island
is closely linked to Agatha Christie, as it served as the inspirational setting for Soldier Island (And Then There Were None) and for the setting of the Hercule Poirot
Hercule Poirot
mystery Evil Under the Sun. The hotel, with its Art Deco
Art Deco
styling, was also a bolt hole in the 1930s for some of London's rich and famous, including Noël Coward. The 2002 TV adaptation of Evil Under The Sun used the island as a filming location. In 1994 an episode of the television series Lovejoy was set and filmed on the island. It was entitled Somewhere Over the Rainbow.[citation needed] The island was also the location for GMTV's Inch-loss Island slimming feature in 2008, as it was for the original series in 2001. The climactic scene of the 1965 British film Catch Us If You Can (featuring The Dave Clark Five) takes place at the island.[citation needed] Transport[edit]

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The sea tractor is used to ferry visitors to the island during high tide

The island is approximately 270 yards (250 m) from the mainland at Bigbury-on-Sea
Bigbury-on-Sea
and is approachable on foot at low tide. At high tide, the sea tractor, which is operated by the hotel, transports passengers back and forth. The original vehicle was constructed in 1930 (see 1933 photo); the current third generation tractor dates from 1969. The vehicle drives across the beach with its wheels underwater on the sandy bottom while its driver and passengers sit on a platform high above. Power from a Fordson tractor engine is relayed to the wheels via hydraulic motors. Footpaths[edit] The island has an extensive network of footpaths and the owner until 2003 was a keen hiker who welcomed walkers. The new owners, however, erected signs closing footpaths and obtained an exemption from the public "rights to roam" enabled in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. The exemption was overturned, except for the routes closest to the hotel, in 2006.[8] References[edit]

^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-07. Retrieved 2016-02-07.  ^ Siculus, Diodorus. "Historical Library" – via Wikisource.  ^ Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
Sheet 20/64 Scale 1:25,000 1947 ^ Stengel & Co Ltd, London EC; card reference E32111; The Warren from Burr Island ^ Donn, Benjamin (1765). "A map of the county of Devon, 1765. Section SX64". Devon
Devon
Libraries Local Studies Service. Devon
Devon
County Council. Retrieved 2009-06-18.  ^ " Burgh Island
Burgh Island
Galleries". The BBC. Retrieved 2009-04-15.  ^ "The Tidal Island That Inspired Agatha Christie". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2017-09-09.  ^ Staff writer (2 December 2006). "Walkers are free to use island paths". Western Morning News. p. 30.  access-date= requires url= (help)

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