BURBANK is a city in
Billed as the "Media Capital of the World" and only a few miles
Burbank consists of two distinct areas: a downtown/foothill section, in the foothills of the Verdugo Mountains , and the flatland section. The city was referred to as "Beautiful Downtown Burbank" on Laugh-In and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson . The city was named after David Burbank, a New Hampshire -born dentist and entrepreneur who established a sheep ranch there in 1867.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early history * 1.2 City of Burbank * 1.3 Early manufacturing * 1.4 Aviation * 1.5 Entertainment industry * 1.6 Cinema history * 1.7 Burbank today
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Geology * 2.2 Climate
* 2.3 Neighborhoods
* 2.3.1 Magnolia Park area * 2.3.2 Rancho Equestrian area
* 2.4 Notable locations
* 3 Demographics
* 3.1 2010 * 3.2 2000 * 3.3 Crime
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Top employers * 4.2 Shopping
* 5 Government
* 5.1 Mayors * 5.2 County representation * 5.3 State and federal representation
* 6 Education
* 7 Infrastructure
* 7.1 Transportation
* 7.2 Public safety
* 7.2.1 Fire department
* 7.3 Hospitals
* 8 Notable people * 9 Sister cities * 10 References * 11 External links
Olive Avenue in Burbank, 1889
The city of Burbank occupies land that was originally part of two Spanish and Mexican-era colonial land grants, the 36,400-acre (147 km2) Rancho San Rafael , granted to Jose Maria Verdugo by the Spanish Bourbon government in 1784, and the 4,063-acre (16.44 km2) Rancho Providencia created in 1821. Historically, this area was the scene of a military skirmish which resulted in the unseating of the Spanish Governor of California, and his replacement by the Mexican leader Pio Pico . Remnants of the military battle reportedly were found many years later in the vicinity of Warner Bros. Studio when residents dug up cannonballs.
Dr. David Burbank purchased over 4,600 acres (19 km2) of the former
Verdugo holding and another 4,600 acres (19 km2) of the Rancho
Providencia in 1867 and built a ranch house and began to raise sheep
and grow wheat on the ranch. By 1876, the
San Fernando Valley became
the largest wheat-raising area in
A professionally trained dentist, Dr. Burbank began his career in
Waterville, Maine . He joined the great migration westward in the
early 1850s and, by 1853 was living in
Dr. Burbank also later owned the Burbank Theatre, which opened on
November 27, 1893, at a cost of $150,000. Though the theater was
intended to be an opera house, instead it staged plays and became
known nationally. The theatre featured famous actors of the time
When the area that became Burbank was settled in the 1870s and 1880s,
the streets were aligned along what is now Olive Avenue, the road to
Cahuenga Pass and downtown Los Angeles. These were largely the
roads the Indians traveled and the early settlers took their produce
At the time, the primary long-distance transportation methods
San Fernando Valley residents were stagecoach and train.
A shrewd businessman, foreseeing the value of rail transport ,
Southern Pacific Railroad a right-of-way through the
property for one dollar. The first train passed through Burbank on
April 5, 1874. A boom created by a rate war between the Santa Fe and
Southern Pacific brought people streaming into
In 1911, wealthy farmer Joseph Fawkes grew apricots and owned a house on West Olive Avenue. He also had a fascination for machinery, and soon began developing what became known as the "Fawkes Folly" aerial trolley. He and his wife Ellen C. Fawkes secured two patents for the nation's first monorail . The two formed the Aerial Trolley Car Company and set about building a prototype they believed would revolutionize transportation.
Joseph Fawkes called the trolley his Aerial Swallow, a cigar-shaped,
suspended monorail driven by a propeller that he promised would carry
passengers from Burbank to downtown
Laid out and surveyed with a modern business district surrounded by residential lots, wide boulevards were carved out as the "Los Angeles Express" printed:
"Burbank, the town, being built in the midst of the new farming community, has been laid out in such a manner as to make it by and by an unusually pretty town. The streets and avenues are wide and, all have been handsomely graded. All improvements being made would do credit to a city ... Everything done at Burbank has been done right." Burbank, 1922
The citizens of Burbank had to put up a $48,000 subsidy to get the reluctant Pacific Electric Streetcar officials to agree to extend the line from Glendale to Burbank. The first Red Car rolled into Burbank on September 6, 1911, with a tremendous celebration. That was about two months after the town became a city. The "Burbank Review" newspaper ran a special edition that day advising all local residents that:
"On Wednesday, the first electric car running on a regular
passenger-carrying schedule left the Pacific Electric station at Sixth
and Main streets, Los Angeles, for Burbank at 6:30 a.m. and the first
car from Burbank to
The Burbank Line was completed through to Cypress Avenue in Burbank, and by mid-1925 this line was extended about a mile further along Glenoaks Boulevard to Eton Drive. A small wooden station was erected in Burbank in 1911 at Orange Grove Avenue with a small storage yard in its rear. This depot was destroyed by fire in 1942 and in 1947 a small passenger shelter was constructed.
On May 26, 1942, the
The city marshal's office was changed to the Burbank Police Department in 1923. The first police chief was George Cole, who later became a U.S. Treasury prohibition officer.
In 1928, Burbank was one of the first 13 cities to join the
Metropolitan Water District of Southern
CITY OF BURBANK
The town grew steadily, weathering the drought and depression that
The populace petitioned the State Legislature to incorporate as a city on July 8, 1911, with businessman Thomas Story as the mayor . Voters approved incorporation by a vote of 81 to 51. At the time, the Board of Trustees governed the community which numbered 500 residents. The first city seal adopted by Burbank featured a cantaloupe, which was a crop that helped save the town's life when the land boom collapsed.
In 1931, the original city seal was replaced and in 1978 the modern seal was adopted. The new seal shows City Hall beneath a banner but no cantaloupe. An airplane symbolizes the city's aircraft industry, the strip of film and stage light represent motion picture production. The bottom portion depicts the sun rising over the Verdugo Mountains.
In 1915, major sections of the Valley capitulated, helping Los Angeles to more than double its size that year. But Burbank was among a handful of towns with their own water wells and remained independent. By 1916 Burbank had 1,500 residents. In 1927, five miles (8 km) of paved streets had increased to 125 miles (201 km). By 1930, as First National Studios , Andrew Jergens Company , The Lockheed Company , McNeill and Libby Canning Company , the Moreland Company, and Northrop Aircraft Corporation opened facilities there, the population jumped to 16,662.
The Wall Street Crash of 1929 set off a period of hardship for Burbank where business and residential growth paused. The effects of the Depression also caused tight credit conditions and halted home building throughout the area, including the city's Magnolia Park development. Around this time, major employers began to cut payrolls and some plants closed their doors forever.
Around this time, Burbank City Council responded by slashing 10% from the wages of city workers. Money was put into an Employee Relief Department to help the unemployed. Local civic and religious groups sprang into action and contributed with food as homeless camps began to form along the city's Southern Pacific railroad tracks. Hundreds began to participate in self-help cooperatives, trading skills such as barbering, tailoring, plumbing or carpentry, for food and other services.
Following a Valley land bust during the Depression, real estate began
to bounce back in the mid-1930s. In Burbank, a 100-home construction
project began in 1934. By 1936, property values in the city exceeded
pre-Depression levels. By 1950, the population had reached 78,577. It
was no longer the "tiny little village" of
Jane Russell 's song
In 1922, the Burbank Chamber of Commerce was organized. The Federal
government officially recognized Burbank's status in 1923 when the
As of June 2008, the city employee population in Burbank stood at 1,683. Of the total, 1,253 were full-time, 217 part-time, and 213 temporary employees. The Burbank City Employees Association represents workers in the city. The organization dates back to 1939, and its primary role was to secure civil service status for city workers. The BCEA, representing more than 750 city employees, is one of six bargaining unions in Burbank city government. Others include: the Burbank Fire Fighters Association, the Burbank Police Officers' Association, the International Brotherhood of Electric Workers Local 18, the Burbank Fire Fighters-Chief Officer's Unit, and the Burbank Management Association.
In 1887, the Burbank Furniture Manufacturing Company was the town's first factory. After the land boom downturn in 1888, the building was abandoned and transients slept in the empty factory. In 1917, the arrival of the Moreland Motor Truck Company changed the town and resulted in a manufacturing and industrial workforce begin to take root in the city. Within a few years Moreland trucks were seen bearing the label, "Made in Burbank." Watt Moreland, its owner, had relocated his plant to Burbank from Los Angeles. He selected 25 acres (100,000 m2) at San Fernando Blvd and Alameda Avenue. Moreland invested $1 million in the factory and machinery, and employed 500 people. It was the largest truck maker west of the Mississippi. The Moreland Motor Truck Company in Burbank
Within the next several decades, factories, both large and small, would dot the area landscape. What had mainly been an agricultural and ranching area would get replaced with a variety of manufacturing industries. Moreland operated from 1917 to 1937. Aerospace supplier Menasco Manufacturing Company would later purchase the property. Menasco's Burbank landing gear factory closed in 1994 due to slow commercial and military orders, affecting 310 people. Within months of Moreland's arrival, Community Manufacturing Company, a $3 million tractor company, arrived in Burbank.
In 1920, the Andrew Jergens Company factory opened at Verdugo Avenue near the railroad tracks in Burbank. Andrew Jergens, Jr. — aided by his father, Cincinnati businessman Andrew Jergens, Sr. and business partners Frank Adams and Morris Spazier — had purchased the site and built a single-story building. They began with a single product, coconut oil soap, but would later make face creams, lotions, liquid soaps and deodorants. In 1931, despite the Depression, the Jergens company expanded, building new offices and shipping department facilities. In 1939, the Burbank corporation merged with the Cincinnati company of Andrew Jergens, Sr., becoming known as the Andrew Jergens Company of Ohio. The Burbank plant closed in 1992, affecting nearly 90 employees.
The establishment of the aircraft industry and a major airport in Burbank during the 1930s set the stage for major growth and development, which was to continue at an accelerated pace into World War II and well into the postwar era. Brothers Allan Loughead and Malcolm Loughead , founders of the Lockheed Aircraft Company , opened a Burbank manufacturing plant in 1928, and a year later famed aviation designer Jack Northrop built his historic Flying Wing airplane in his own plant nearby.
Memorial Day Weekend (May 30 – June 1), 1930, the
United Airport was the largest commercial airport in the Los Angeles
area until it was eclipsed in 1946 by the
In 1931, Lockheed was then part of Detroit Aircraft Corp., which went into bankruptcy with its Lockheed unit. A year later, a group of investors acquired assets of the Lockheed company. The new owners staked their limited funds to develop an all-metal, twin engine transport, the Model 10 Electra. It first flew in 1934 and quickly gained worldwide fame.
A brochure celebrating Burbank's 50th anniversary as a city touted Lockheed payroll having "nearly 1,200" by the end of 1936. The aircraft company's hiring contributed to what was a favorable employment environment at the time.
Moreland's truck plant was later used by the Lockheed's Vega Aircraft
Corporation, which made what was widely known as "the explorer's
During World War II, the entire area of Lockheed's Vega factory was camouflaged to fool an enemy reconnaissance effort. The factory was hidden beneath a complete suburb replete with rubber automobiles and peaceful rural neighborhood scenes painted on canvas. Hundreds of fake trees and shrubs were positioned to give the entire area a three-dimensional appearance. The fake trees and shrubs were created from chicken wire that had been treated with an adhesive and then covered with chicken feathers to provide a leafy texture. Air ducts disguised as fire hydrants made it possible for the Lockheed-Vega employees to continue working underneath the huge camouflage umbrella designed to conceal their factory.
Burbank's airport has undergone seven name changes since opening in
1930. It had five runways that radiated in varying directions, each
300 feet (91 m) wide and 2,600 feet (790 m) long. It remained United
Airport until 1934, when it was renamed Union Air Terminal
(1934–1940). Boeing built planes on the field. Lockheed Aircraft had
its own nearby airfield. Lockheed bought the airport in 1940 and
renamed it Lockheed Air Terminal, which it was known as until 1967,
when it became Hollywood-Burbank Airport. In 1978, it was renamed
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (1978–2003) after Lockheed sold it
to the three
The growth of companies such as Lockheed, and the burgeoning
entertainment industry drew more people to the area, and Burbank's
population doubled between 1930 and 1940 to 34,337. Burbank saw its
greatest growth during
World War II
Dozens of hamburger stands, restaurants and shops appeared around
Lockheed to accommodate the employees. Some of the restaurants
operated 24 hours a day. At one time, Lockheed paid utility rates
representing 25% of the city's total utilities revenue, making
Lockheed the city's cash cow. When Lockheed left, the economic loss
was huge. At its height during
World War II
World War II
Lockheed's presence in Burbank attracted dozens of firms making aircraft parts. One of them was Weber Aircraft Corporation , an aircraft interior manufacturer situated adjacent to Lockheed at the edge of the airport. In 1988, Weber closed its Burbank manufacturing plant, which then employed 1,000 people. Weber produced seats, galleys, lavatories and other equipment for commercial and military aircraft. Weber had been in Burbank for 37 years. Front of Bob Hope Airport , 2009
By the mid-1970s, Hollywood-Burbank Airport handled 1.5 million
passengers annually. Airlines serving
Bob Hope Airport
By 2010, Burbank's
Bob Hope Airport
An expansion of the airport facilities began in August 2012 when
construction commenced on the Regional Intermodal Transportation
Center (RITC) along Empire Avenue directly across from the Bob Hope
Airport Train Station. RITC opened in June 2014 RITC links the
airport to other transportation systems, including regional bus lines,
shuttles, as well as the
Prodded by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration , airport officials are looking to replace the aging terminal at Bob Hope Airport with something up to two-thirds bigger in size. The current terminal dates back to the 1930s and is deemed too close to the runways by current standards – roughly 250 feet (76 m) instead of the required 750 feet. The new terminal still requires Burbank voter approval but would have 14 gates and be roughly 355,000 square feet (33,000 m2) compared with the current one with 211,000 square feet (19,600 m2). The ballot measure is expected to put before voters in June 2015, and would take about six years to build.
Warner Music Group offices in Burbank
The motion picture business arrived in Burbank in the 1920s. In 1926,
First National Pictures
Columbia Pictures purchased property in Burbank as a ranch facility,
used primarily for outdoor shooting.
Walt Disney 's company, which had
Burbank saw its first real civil strife as the culmination of a six-month labor dispute between the set decorator 's union and the studios resulted in the Battle of Burbank on October 5, 1945.
By the 1960s and 1970s, more of the
Warners, NBC, and Disney all ended up located very close to each other along the southern edge of Burbank (and not far from Universal City to the southwest), an area now known as the Media District, Media Center District or simply Media Center. In the early 1990s, Burbank imposed growth restrictions in the Media District. Since then, to house its growing workforce, Disney has focused on developing the site of the former Grand Central Airport in the nearby city of Glendale. Only Disney's most senior executives and some film, television, and animation operations are still based at the main Disney studio lot in Burbank.
Rumors surfaced of
NBC leaving Burbank after its parent company
General Electric Company acquired
The relocation plans changed following
Comcast Corp.'s $30 billion
NBC Universal in January 2011.
NBC Universal announced
in January 2012 it would relocate the
Meanwhile, Conan O'Brien is now based in Burbank, taping his new TBS talk show, Conan , from Stage 15 on the Warner lot. Stage 15, constructed in the late 1920s, is where classics such as Calamity Jane (1953), Blazing Saddles (1974), Ghostbusters (1984) and A Star Is Born were filmed.
In the early 1990s, Burbank tried unsuccessfully to lure Sony
Pictures Entertainment , the Columbia and TriStar studios owner based
in Culver City , and
20th Century Fox , which had threatened to move
from its West
Burbank has a rich cinematic history. Hundreds of major feature films
have filmed in Burbank over the years, but perhaps none more famous
than Casablanca (1942), starring
Humphrey Bogart . The movie began
production a few months after the Japanese bombing of
The Gary Cooper classic High Noon (1952) shot on a western street at the Warner Brothers "Ranch" , then known as the Columbia Ranch. The ranch facility is situated less than a mile north of Warner's main lot in Burbank. The 1957 classic 3:10 to Yuma also filmed on the old Columbia Ranch, and much of the outdoor filming for the Three Stooges took place at Columbia Ranch, including most of the chase scenes. In 1993, Warner Bros. bulldozed the historic Burbank-based sets used to film High Noon and Lee Marvin's 1965 Oscar-winning Western comedy Cat Ballou , as well as several other features and television shows.
Other classic live-action films shot in Burbank include Disney's Mary Poppins (1964), filmed on Sound Stage 2 at the Walt Disney Studios. Julie Andrews returned 37 years later to make Disney's The Princess Diaries (2001). As a tribute to the actress, Disney renamed the sound stage "The Julie Andrews Stage" in 2001. In 2002, a fire broke out on the Disney's Burbank lot, damaging a sound stage where a set was under construction for Disney's feature film Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003). No one was injured in the blaze.
Apollo 13 (1995) and
Coach Carter (2005), the producers
shot scenes at Burbank's Safari Inn Motel.
The city's mall,
Burbank Town Center , is a popular backdrop for
shooting films, television series and commercials. Over the years, it
was the site for scenes in
Bad News Bears (2005) to location shooting
for Cold Case ,
Gilmore Girls , ER and even
Desperate Housewives .
The ABC show
Desperate Housewives also was known to frequently use the
Magnolia Park area for show scenes, along with the city's retail
district along Riverside and adjacent to Toluca Lake,
During 2010, Burbank experienced a surge in on-location commercial
and TV production. The city's film permit official reported 32 permits
were issued in December 2010 alone, up from 24 permits in the
year-earlier period. Among the 2010 commercials filmed in the city
were spots for
In 2012, an international filmmaking and acting academy opened its doors in Burbank. The school, the International Academy of Film and Television, traces its roots to the Philippines. The first class will include students from 30 countries.
Burbank has taken the initiative in various anti-smoking ordinances.
In late 2010, Burbank passed an ordinance prohibiting smoking in
multi-family residences sharing ventilation systems. The rule went
into effect in mid-2011. The new anti-smoking ordinance, which also
prohibits smoking on private balconies and patios in multi-family
residences, is considered the first of its kind in
The murder of Burbank police officer Matthew Pavelka in 2003 by a
local gang known as the Vineland Boys sparked an intensive
investigation in conjunction with several other cities and resulted in
the arrest of a number of gang members and other citizens in and
around Burbank. Among those arrested was Burbank councilwoman Stacey
Murphy, implicated in trading guns in exchange for drugs. Pavelka
was the first Burbank police officer to be fatally shot in the line of
duty in the department's history, according to the
The city's namesake street, Burbank Boulevard, started getting a makeover in 2007. The city spent upwards of $10 million to plant palm trees and colorful flowers, a median, new lights, benches and bike racks.
Today, an estimated 100,000 people work in Burbank. The physical imprints of the city's aviation industry remain. In late 2001, the Burbank Empire Center opened with aviation as the theme. The center, built at a cost of $250 million by Zelman Development Company, sits on Empire Avenue, former site of Lockheed's top secret "Skunk Works", and other Lockheed properties. By 2003, many of the center's retailers and restaurants were among the top national performers in their franchise. The Burbank Empire Center comprises over 11% of Burbank's sales tax revenue, not including nearby Costco, a part of the Empire Center development.
Work started in summer 2015 to open a Walmart Supercenter on the site of the former Great Indoors store. The project had been halted since 2011 due to lawsuits. Walmart officials have maintained the store should be opened and cited its economic benefits to the city. For example, Walmart has said Burbank residents are currently spending "close to $7 million" at Walmarts in other nearby communities, cheating Burbank out of sales tax revenue.
Burbank also is scheduled to get its first Whole Foods Market near the former NBC studio lot. The mixed-use development will include apartment units above the store. The project has faced controversy due to traffic concerns and street barriers in the adjacent neighborhood.
According to the
Elevations in the city range from 500 feet (150 m) in the lower valley areas to about 800 feet (240 m) near the Verdugo Mountains. Most of Burbank features a water table more than 100 feet (30 m) deep, more than the measures found in the 1940s when the water table was within 50 feet (15 m) of the ground surface in some areas of Burbank.
Burbank is located within a seismically active area. At least eight major faults are mapped within 13.5 miles (21.7 km) of Burbank's civic center. The San Fernando Fault, located 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Burbank's downtown, caused the 6.6 magnitude 1971 San Fernando earthquake .
The Verdugo Fault, which can reach a maximum estimated 6.5 magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale , is about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the city of Burbank's civic center. This fault extends throughout the city, and is located in the alluvium just south of the Verdugo Mountains. The fault is mapped on surface in northeastern Glendale, and at various locations in Burbank. Other nearby faults include the Northridge Hills Fault (10 miles (16 km) northwest of Burbank), the Newport–Inglewood Fault (12.5 miles (20.1 km)), Whittier Fault (21 miles (34 km)), and lastly the San Andreas Fault (28 miles (45 km)) with its 8.25 magnitude potential on the Richter Scale.
Burbank suffered $66.1 million in damage from the 1994 Northridge earthquake , according to the city's finance department. There was $58 million in damage to privately owned facilities in commercial, industrial, manufacturing and entertainment businesses. Another $8.1 million in losses included damaged public buildings, roadways and a power station in Sylmar that is partly owned by Burbank.
Burbank has a
CLIMATE DATA FOR BURBANK-GLENDALE-PASADENA AIRPORT , CALIFORNIA (1981–2010, EXTREMES 1939–PRESENT)
MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR
RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 93 (34) 92 (33) 98 (37) 105 (41) 107 (42) 111 (44) 110 (43) 111 (44) 113 (45) 108 (42) 98 (37) 92 (33) 113 (45)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 67.8 (19.9) 68.0 (20) 70.2 (21.2) 73.2 (22.9) 76.2 (24.6) 80.5 (26.9) 86.5 (30.3) 88.1 (31.2) 86.1 (30.1) 79.7 (26.5) 73.0 (22.8) 67.0 (19.4) 76.36 (24.65)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 41.9 (5.5) 43.9 (6.6) 46.4 (8) 49.9 (9.9) 54.7 (12.6) 58.5 (14.7) 62.3 (16.8) 62.4 (16.9) 60.1 (15.6) 54.0 (12.2) 46.0 (7.8) 41.2 (5.1) 51.78 (10.98)
RECORD LOW °F (°C) 22 (−6) 27 (−3) 22 (−6) 32 (0) 39 (4) 43 (6) 45 (7) 46 (8) 43 (6) 33 (1) 29 (−2) 22 (−6) 22 (−6)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 3.53 (89.7) 4.48 (113.8) 2.97 (75.4) 1.11 (28.2) 0.35 (8.9) 0.11 (2.8) 0.02 (0.5) 0.07 (1.8) 0.23 (5.8) 0.97 (24.6) 1.07 (27.2) 2.40 (61) 17.31 (439.7)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 6.2 6.8 5.8 3.3 1.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 1.0 2.5 3.0 5.2 36.5
* Highest Recorded Temperature: 113 °F (45 °C) * Lowest Recorded Temperature: 22 °F (−6 °C) * Warmest Month: August * Coolest Month: December * Highest Precipitation: February * Lowest Precipitation: July
Magnolia Park Area
Magnolia Park, established on Burbank's western edge in the early
1920s, had 3,500 houses within six years after its creation. When the
city refused to pay for a street connecting the subdivision with the
Cahuenga Pass, real estate developer and daily farmer Earl L. White
did it himself and called it
The city's Magnolia Park area, bordered by West Verdugo Avenue to the
south, Chandler Boulevard to the north,
The neighborhood is in constant struggle with developers looking to expand and update Magnolia Boulevard. Independent merchants and slow-growth groups have fought off new construction and big-box stores . The neighborhood remains quiet despite being beneath the airport flight path and bordered by arterial streets.
One of the centerpieces of the area's attempted comeback is Porto's Bakery at the old Albin's drug store site located at 3606 and 3614 West Magnolia Boulevard. As part of the project, Burbank loaned Porto's funds for building upgrades. Under the agreement a portion of the loan will be forgiven over a 10-year period. East of Porto's is Antique Row, a hub for shopping in the city.
Other enhancements include converting the disused railroad right-of-way along Chandler Boulevard into a landscaped bikeway and pedestrian path. This project was part of a larger bike route linking Burbank's downtown Metrolink station with the Red Line subway in North Hollywood. The bike friendly neighborhood and vintage shops has made this a part of the San Fernando Valley that is frequented by Hipsters .
Rancho Equestrian Area
Perhaps the most famous collection of neighborhoods in Burbank is the Rancho Equestrian District, flanked roughly by Griffith Park to the south, Victory Boulevard to the east, Olive Avenue to the west and Alameda Avenue to the north. Part of the Rancho community extends into neighboring Glendale.
The neighborhood zoning allows residents to keep horses on their property. Single-family homes far outnumber multifamily units in the Rancho. Many of the homes have stables and horse stalls. There are about 785 single-family homes, 180 condos and townhomes and 250 horses.
The Rancho has traditionally been represented by the Burbank Rancho Homeowners, which was formed in 1963 by Floran Frank and other equestrian enthusiasts and is the oldest neighborhood group in the city. The community recently stopped the development of a Whole Foods store in the Rancho area.
Rancho real estate sells at a premium due to its equestrian zoning,
numerous parks, connection to riding trails in
Griffith Park and its
Warner Bros. and Disney Studios. Riverside Drive, its
main thoroughfare, is lined with sycamore and oak trees, some more
than 70 years old. It is quite common to see people on horseback
riding along Riverside Drive's designated horse lanes. Of historical
note, the Rancho was the home to TV star Mister Ed, the talking horse
of the early 1960s show of the same name . Other notable former Rancho
The rancho is especially known for its parks and open space. This
includes centrally located Mountain View Park, Johnny Carson Park, Los
Griffith Park and Equestrian Center,
In the 1960s,
General Motors Corporation opened training facilities
on Riverside Drive in the Rancho area, but in 1999 decided to contract
out dealer-technician training to
* Burbank Public Library
* Burbank City Hall
* Buena Vista Branch Burbank Public Library
* De Bell Municipal Golf Course
* Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center
* Northwest Park Branch Burbank Public Library
Walt Disney Studios
Walt Disney Studios in Burbank serve as the international
headquarters for media conglomerate
The Walt Disney Company . Disney
staff began the move from the old Disney studio at Hyperion Avenue in
Silver Lake on December 24, 1939. Designed primarily by Kem Weber
under the supervision of
Walt Disney and his brother Roy , the Burbank
Disney Studio buildings are the only studios to survive from the
Golden Age of filming. Disney is the only remaining major studio
company to remain independent from a larger conglomerate and whose
parent entity is still located in the
Filmmaking began in the Providencia Ranch area (marked in yellow on the Providencia Land, Water ">
There were 41,940 households, out of which 12,386 (29.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,388 (43.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,984 (11.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,050 (4.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,177 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships , and 396 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships . 12,823 households (30.6%) were made up of individuals and 4,179 (10.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 25,422 families (60.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.13.
The population was spread out with 20,488 people (19.8%) under the age of 18, 8,993 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 32,513 people (31.5%) aged 25 to 44, 27,552 people (26.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,794 people (13.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.
There were 44,309 housing units at an average density of 2,549.6 per square mile (984.4/km2), of which 18,465 (44.0%) were owner-occupied, and 23,475 (56.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 50,687 people (49.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 52,080 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010
While white residents continue to comprise the majority of Burbank's population, this proportion has decreased substantially from almost 80% in 1980 to approximately 72% in 2000. In contrast, the share of Hispanic residents increased steadily over the past two decades, growing from 16% in 1980 to 25% in 2000. Although Asian residents represent a smaller segment of the population, the share of Asian residents more than tripled since 1980, increasing from 3% in 1980 to 9% in 2000. The black population remained limited, rising from less than 1% in 1980 to almost 2% in 2000.
As of the census of 2000, there were 100,316 people, 41,608 households, and 24,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,782.4 inhabitants per square mile (2,232.4/km2). There were 42,847 housing units at an average density of 2,469.8 per square mile (953.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.2% White , 2.1% Black or African American , 0.6% Native American , 9.2% Asian , 0.1% Pacific Islander , 9.9% from other races , and 6.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.9% of the population.
There were 41,608 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.4% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $72,347, and the median income for a family was $78,767. Males had a median income of $59,792 versus $41,273 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,713. About 6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line , including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.
Burbank's overall crime rate fell 1% during 2010, and the city made
it through the year without any homicides , according to figures
released by the police. That contrasts with two homicides in 2008 and
one in 2009. The number of violent crimes recorded by the
As of December 2011, Burbank Police began for the first time posting arrest information online. The website contains archives from the start of the program.
Criminal offenses are charged and locally prosecuted in the Burbank
One of the most infamous crimes in the city took place in March 1953, when elderly widow Mabel Monahan was killed in her Burbank home. When Monahan, 64, opened the door to her house on West Parkside Avenue, she found herself confronted by a stranger, Barbara Graham (also sometimes referred to as Barbara Wood). Graham, along with some other accomplices, had heard rumors of a Las Vegas gambling fortune hidden in Monahan's house. The crime scene was discovered by a gardener, who went to Monahan's front door and looked in to find a ransacked home and a grisly trail of blood. The gardener immediately called the Burbank Police, who discovered Monahan's badly beaten body, half in and half out of a closet.
On June 3, 1955, Graham and two of her partners in crime were
executed in the gas chamber at
In February 1969, Burbank resident and former LAPD officer Paul S.
Perveler was found guilty of murdering his wife, Cheryl, who was shot
to death in her open convertible as she parked the vehicle in the
carport of the Pervelers' Grismer Avenue apartment building. In a case
that had similarities to the 1944 film classic Double Indemnity ,
Perveler had taken out a $25,000 double-indemnity life insurance
policy on Cheryl, whom he had married just seven weeks earlier.
Perveler and his girlfriend, Kristina Cromwell, were also convicted of
the earlier December 1966 murder of Cromwell's husband, Marlin, who
had been found shot to death in the living room of the Cromwell house
in El Sereno, which had then been set on fire. Kristina Cromwell had
taken out a $35,000 insurance policy on her husband prior to his
murder. The pair was largely convicted on circumstantial evidence
presented by prosecutor
Vincent Bugliosi , who would later serve as
lead prosecutor on the Tate-LaBianca murders committed by the Charles
Manson "family." Cromwell was paroled in 1976; Perveler remains
imprisoned at Mule Creek State Prison in Ione,
In February 1981, serial killer
Lawrence Bittaker , a Burbank
machinist, was convicted of first-degree murder in the 1979 kidnapping
and slaying of five teen-aged girls in a case that was the first
felony trial in
Prior to the murder of Burbank police officer Matthew Pavelka in 2003, the city experienced earlier cases of tragedy involving local law enforcement. Marshal Luther Colson and Deputy City Marshal Robert L. Normand were shot to death while patrolling the city. Their deaths in 1914 and 1920 marked the first time that Burbank police officers were killed in the line of duty. Colson was shot the evening of November 16, 1914, when he was walking on railroad tracks near what is now Victory Place and Lake Street. Six years later, Normand was killed when he responded to a call for help to check on three men in a vehicle with its lights out. The men began shooting as Normand and another officer approached the car. The other officer survived despite three bullet wounds, but Normand died at the scene. Additionally, two other Burbank officers have died on duty. They were motorcycle officers Joseph R. Wilson and Richard E. Kunkle, who were killed in separate accidents in 1961.
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Office space in the Burbank media district along California State Route 134
The second-largest office space market in the San Fernando Valley is located in Burbank. Much of the space is utilized by the entertainment industry, which has among the highest office lease rates in the region.
More people work in Burbank each day than live in the city. The
combined payroll for all of Burbank's private sector businesses
totaled $6.7 billion in 2005, according to the San Fernando Valley
Economic Research Center at
As the figures above show, much of Burbank's economy is based on the
entertainment industry. While
Many ancillary companies from Arri cameras, to Cinelease, Entertainment Partners, JL Fisher, and Matthews Studio Equipment also maintain a presence in Burbank. Xytech Systems Corporation , a business software and services provider to the entertainment industry, is headquartered in Burbank.
IATSE union offices for the Stagehands Local 33, Grips Local
80, Make-up and Hairstylist Local 706, Set Painters Local 729 and
Animation Guild Local 839 also make their home in Burbank with
Burbank has not been immune to the U.S. economic and housing impacts from the recession. City officials prepared for cutbacks going into 2009. Burbank's City Manager, Mike Flad, estimated the city's 2009–10 fiscal budget will suffer a 5% shortfall. For the city's 2010–11 fiscal year, the city projected a deficit of $5.8 million and projected the deficit will remain a problem at least until 2014–15, when it is projected to be $6.9 million. The current budget problems do not appear to compare to the revenue hit the city took in the early 1990s when Burbank was losing aerospace jobs after Lockheed left.
California's state budget woes are expected to put more pressure on cities such as Burbank. State lawmakers have proposed eliminating the individual redevelopment agencies, a move that would force cities such as Burbank to eliminate much needed infrastructure projects. Local redevelopment agencies also may be forced to reimburse the state. For example, Burbank Redevelopment Agency might have pay the state nearly $20 million. But the city is fighting the return of at least $15 million in redevelopment funds, including money that was slated for the Lundigan Community Center and improvements to Johnny Carson Park. Whether Burbank will ultimately prevail is unclear, as the state's budget hole is getting worse due to the slow economy and lower than expected state revenues.
As of April 2012, unemployment in the Burbank area stood at 8.4%,
representing a decline from March levels and below the state's jobless
rate of 10.9%, according to the
One bright spot in the otherwise bleak job market was Kaiser Permanente's decision to relocate some administrative offices near the Burbank airport. The relocation from Kaiser's Glendale and Pasadena administrative offices to Burbank was completed in 2009. More recently, eSolar moved offices from Old Town Pasadena to Burbank and continues to add positions. In 2011, General Electric agreed to invest $40 million in the solar company. Additionally, KCET television announced plans in 2012 to relocate to Burbank's Media District. KCET is a former PBS station and the nation's largest independent station in southern and central California. Looking north at Burbank from Griffith Park, 2006
According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
# EMPLOYER # OF EMPLOYEES
1 The Walt Disney Company 7,900
2 Warner Bros. 7,400
5 American Broadcasting Company 2,300
6 Burbank Unified School District 1,900
7 City of Burbank 1,500
8 Foto-Kem Industries 1,100
9 Yahoo! 500
10 Crane/Hydro Air Company 500
The revitalized downtown Burbank provides an urban mix of shopping, dining, and entertainment. The San Fernando Strip is an exclusive mall designed to be a modern urban village, with apartments above the mall. An upscale shopping district is located in the state-of-the-art Empire Center neighborhood. The Burbank Town Center is a retail complex adjacent to the downtown core that was built in two phases between 1991 and 1992.
In 1979, the Burbank Redevelopment Agency entered into an agreement with San Diego-based Ernest Hahn Company to build a regional mall known as Media City Center. It would later get renamed Burbank Town Center and undergo a $130 million facelift starting in 2004, including a new exterior streetscape façade. The agency, helped out with its powers of eminent domain, spent $52 million to buy up the 41-acre (170,000 m2) land in the area bounded by the Golden State Freeway, Burbank Boulevard, Third Street and Magnolia Boulevard.
Original plans were for Media City Center included four anchor tenants, including a J.W. Robinson's. But May Co. Department Stores later bought the parent company of Robinson's and dropped out of the deal. The other stores then dropped out as well and Hahn and the agency dropped the project in March 1987. Within months, Burbank entered into negotiations with the Walt Disney Company for a shopping mall and office complex to be called the "Disney MGM Backlot." Disney had estimated that it could spend $150 million to $300 million on a complex of shops, restaurants, theaters, clubs and hotel, and had offered to move its animation department and Disney Channel cable network operation to the property as well. These plans ended in failure in February 1988 when Disney executives determined that the costs were too high.
In January 1989, Burbank began Media City Center project negotiations
with two developers, the Alexander Haagen Co. of Manhattan Beach and
Price Kornwasser Associates of San Diego. Eight months later, Haagen
won the contract and commenced construction, leading to the $250
million mall's opening in August 1991. Under terms of the agreement
with Haagen, the city funded a $18 million parking garage and made
between $8 and $12 million in improvements to the surrounding area.
The new mall helped take the strain off Burbank's troubled economy, which had been hard hit by the departure of several large industrial employers, including Lockheed Corp. The center was partially financed with $50 million in city redevelopment funds. Construction had been in doubt for many years by economic woes and political turmoil since it was first proposed in the late 1970s. In 2003, Irvine-based Crown Realty "> Lockheed P-38 Lightning production line in Burbank. Site is now location of Burbank Empire Center.
The Lockheed toxic clean-up site, just east of the Golden State Freeway, later became home to the Empire Center . Four developers competed to be selected to build the $300 million outdoor mall on the site. In 1999, Lockheed picked Los Angeles-based Zelman Cos. from among other contenders to create the retail-office complex on a 103-acre (0.42 km2) site. Zelman purchased the land in 2000 for around $70 million. As part of the sales agreement, Lockheed carried out extensive soil vapor removal on the site. Lockheed had manufactured planes on the site from 1928 to 1991. Together with $42 million for demolition and $12 million for site investigation, Lockheed would eventually spend $115 million on the project.
Warner Bros. proposed building a sports arena there for the Kings and the Clippers on the former B-1 bomber plant site. Price Club wanted it for a new store. Disney considered moving some operations there too. The city used the site in its failed attempt to lure DreamWorks to Burbank. Phoenix-based Vestar Development Company planned a major retail development and spent more than a year in negotiations to buy the property from Lockheed before pulling out late in 1998.
Less than eight months after breaking ground, the Empire Center's first stores opened in October 2001. Local officials estimated the complex would generate about $3.2 million a year in sales tax revenue for the city, and as many as 3,500 local jobs. Within a year of completion, the Empire Center was helping the city to post healthy growth in sales tax revenues despite a down economy. Alone, the Empire mall generated close to $800,000 in sales tax revenues in the second quarter of 2002. The outdoor mall's buildings hark back to Lockheed's glory days by resembling manufacturing plants. Each of the outdoor signs features a replica of a Lockheed aircraft, while the mall design brings to mind an airport, complete with a miniature control tower.
In 2009, work was finished on a $130-million office project adjacent to the Empire Center. The completion of the seven-story tower marked the final phase of the mixed-use Empire development near Bob Hope Airport.
In late 2012, IKEA announced plans to relocate to a new site in Burbank. The retailer is currently situated north of the Burbank Town Center mall, and the new location approved by the city in 2014 is just north of Alameda Avenue and east of the Golden State Freeway. When completed in summer 2016, the store will be the largest IKEA in the United States.
Burbank City Hall
In 1916, the original Burbank City Hall was constructed after bonds were issued to finance the project and pay for fire apparatus. Burbank's current City Hall was constructed from 1941 to 1942 in a neo-federalist Moderne style popular in the late Depression era. The structure was built at a total cost of $409,000, with funding from the Federal Works Agency and Works Project Administration programs. City Hall was designed by architects William Allen and W. George Lutzi and completed in 1943.
Originally, the City Hall building housed all city services,
including the police and fire departments, an emergency medical ward,
a courthouse and a jail. One of the most distinctive features of the
cream-colored concrete building is its 77-foot (23 m) tower, which
serves as the main lobby. The lobby interior features more than 20
types of marble, which can be found in the city seal on the floor, the
trim, walls and in the treads and risers of the grand stairway. Artist
Hugo Ballin created a "Four Freedoms" mural in Burbank's City Council
chambers during World War II, although it was covered up for decades
until art aficionados convinced the city to have the mural fully
revealed. Ballin's work illustrates the "Four Freedoms" outlined in
In 1996, the City Hall was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places , becoming the second building in Burbank to be listed on the register. The first was Burbank's main post office just blocks away from City Hall on Olive Avenue. In 1998, Burbank's state-of-the-art Police/Fire facility opened.
Burbank is a charter city which operates under a council-manager form
of government. In 1927, voters approved the Council-Manager form of
government. The five-member City Council is elected for four-year
overlapping terms, with the
Burbank is a full-service, independent city, with offices of the City Manager and City Attorney, and departments of Community Development, Financial Services, Fire, Information Technology, Library Services, Management Services, Police, Parks-Recreation outhouses were banned in 1922.
At the height of California\'s 2001 energy crisis , BWP unveiled a mini-power plant at its landfill. It marked the world's first commercial landfill power plant using Capstone microturbine technology. Ten microturbines run on naturally occurring landfill gas , producing 300 kilowatts of renewable energy for Burbank. That's enough energy to serve the daily needs of about 250 homes. The landfill is located in the Verdugo Mountains in the northeastern portion of the city.
Most of Burbank's current power comes from the Magnolia Power
Project, a 328-megawatt power plant located on Magnolia Boulevard near
Interstate 5 freeway. The municipal power plant, jointly owned by
Like other cities in
The Burbank City Council lost a court case in 2000 involving the
right to begin meetings with a sectarian prayer. A
In September 2012, Burbank City Manager Mike Flad announced plans to
quit after having held the job since 2009. Flad worked his way up in
the city government after serving 23 years as a city employee. He left
to take the position of City Manager for the City of South Gate,
In June 2013, Mark Scott was appointed the new city manager. Scott
had been city manager of Fresno,
Thomas Story July 13, 1911 – April 15, 1912
Charles J. Forbes April 15, 1912 – November 16, 1912
Charles H. Kline November 16, 1912 – April 20, 1914
Willard A. Blanchard April 20, 1914 – April 17, 1922
James C. Crawford April 17, 1922 – April 19, 1926
John D. Radcliff April 19, 1926 – April 11, 1927
J. T. Lapsley April 11, 1927 – April 8, 1929
H. E. Bruce April 8, 1929 – April 7, 1931
James L. Norwood April 7, 1931 – April 10, 1933
Mark L. Stanchfield April 10, 1933 – January 30, 1934
Eugene M. Goss January 30, 1934 – March 19, 1934
Frank C. Tillson March 20, 1934 – April 14, 1941
Walter R. Hinton April 14, 1941 – April 9, 1945
Paul L. Brown April 9, 1945 – April 11, 1949
Floyd J. Jolley April 11, 1949 – April 9, 1951
Ralph H. Hilton April 9, 1951 – January 22, 1952
Walter W. Mansfield January 22, 1952 – March 12, 1953
Paul L. Brown March 12, 1953 – May 1, 1953
Carl M. King May 1, 1953 – August 17, 1954
Earle C. Blais August 17, 1954 – January 31, 1956
H. B. "Jerry" Bank January 31, 1956 – May 1, 1957
Edward C. Olson May 1, 1957 – May 13, 1958
Dallas M. Williams May 13, 1958 – May 1, 1959
Earle Wm. Burke May 1, 1959 – May 3, 1960
Newell J. Cooper May 3, 1960 – May 1, 1961
Dr. Robert F. Brandon May 1, 1961 – May 1, 1962
Charles E. Compton May 1, 1962 – May 1, 1963
John B. Whitney May 1, 1963 – May 5, 1964
Dallas M. Williams May 5, 1964 – May 3, 1965
George W. Haven May 3, 1965 – May 3, 1966
Robert F. Brandon May 3, 1966 – May 1, 1967
Charles E. Compton May 1, 1967 – May 7, 1968
John B. Whitney May 7, 1968 – May 1, 1969
George W. Haven May 1, 1969 – May 5, 1970
Jarvey Gilbert May 5, 1970 – April 13, 1971
Robert R. McKenzie April 13, 1971 – May 3, 1971
Robert A. Swanson May 3, 1971 – May 2, 1972
D. Verner Gibson May 2, 1972 – May 1, 1973
Byron E. Cook May 1, 1973 – April 30, 1974
Vincent Stefano, Jr. April 30, 1974 – May 1, 1975
William B. Rudell May 1, 1975 – May 3, 1976
Leland C. Ayers May 3, 1976 – May 2, 1977
D. Verner Gibson May 2, 1977 – May 2, 1978
Byron E. Cook May 2, 1978 – May 1, 1979
E. Daniel Remy May 1, 1979 – May 1, 1980
Leland C. Ayers May 1, 1980 – May 1, 1981
Robert E. Olney May 1, 1981 – May 1, 1982
Mary Lou Howard May 1, 1982 – May 1, 1983
Larry L. Stamper May 1, 1983 – May 1, 1984
E. Daniel Remy May 1, 1984 – May 1, 1985
Mary Lou Howard May 1, 1985 – May 1, 1986
Mary E. Kelsey May 1, 1986 – May 1, 1987
Michael R. Hastings May 1, 1987 – May 2, 1988
Al F. Dossin May 2, 1988 – May 1, 1989
Robert R. Bowne May 1, 1989 – May 1, 1990
Thomas E. Flavin May 1, 1990 – May 1, 1991
Michael R. Hastings May 1, 1991 – May 1, 1992
Robert R. Bowne May 1, 1992 – May 1, 1993
George Battey, Jr. May 1, 1993 – May 1, 1994
Bill Wiggins May 1, 1994 – May 1, 1995
Dave Golonski May 1, 1995 – May 1, 1996
Bill Wiggins May 1, 1996 – May 1, 1997
Bob Kramer May 1, 1997 – May 1, 1998
Dave Golonski May 1, 1998 – May 1, 1999
Stacey Murphy May 1, 1999 – May 1, 2000
Bill Wiggins May 1, 2000 – May 1, 2001
Bob Kramer May 1, 2001 – February 25, 2002
David Laurell March 4, 2002 – May 1, 2002
David Laurell May 1, 2002 – May 1, 2003
Stacey Murphy May 1, 2003 – May 3, 2004
Marsha Ramos May 3, 2004 – May 2, 2005
Jef VanderBorght May 2, 2005 – May 1, 2006
Todd Campbell May 1, 2006 – May 1, 2007
Marsha Ramos May 1, 2007 – May 1, 2008
Dave Golonski May 1, 2008 – May 1, 2009
Gary Bric May 1, 2009 – May 3, 2010
Anja Reinke May 3, 2010 – May 2, 2011
Jess Talamantes May 2, 2011 – May 1, 2012
Dave Golonski May 1, 2012 – May 1, 2013
Emily Gabel-Luddy May 1, 2013 – May 1, 2014
David Gordon May 1, 2014 – May 1, 2015
Bob Frutos May 1, 2015 – May 1, 2016
Jess Talamantes May 1, 2016 – May 1, 2017
Will Rogers May 1, 2017 – May 1, 2018
STATE AND FEDERAL REPRESENTATION
In the state legislature , Burbank is in the 25th Senate District ,
represented by Democrat
Anthony Portantino , and in the 43rd Assembly
District , represented by Democrat
Laura Friedman . In the United
States House of Representatives , Burbank is split between
California's 28th and 30th congressional districts, which are
represented by Democrat
Adam Schiff and Democrat
Burbank is within the Burbank Unified School District . The district was formed on June 3, 1879, following a petition filed by residents S.W. White and nine other citizens. First named the Providencia School District, Burbank's district started with one school house built for $400 on a site donated by Dr. Burbank, the area's single largest landholder. The first schoolhouse, a single redwood-sided building serving nine families, is on what is now Burbank Boulevard near Mariposa Street. In 1887, a new school house was constructed at San Fernando Blvd and Magnolia Boulevard, which was in Burbank's center of commerce.
In 1908, citizens passed a bond measure to raise money to build a high school. At the time, Burbank-area high school students were attending schools in Glendale. When it opened on September 14, 1908, the original Burbank High School had 42 students and two instructors.
Burbank is home to several
The largest university in Burbank is
Woodbury University . Woodbury
has a number of undergraduate and graduate programs, including
business, architecture, and a variety of design programs. A number of
smaller colleges are also located in Burbank, including several make
up and beauty trade schools serving the entertainment industry. The
nearest community college to Burbank is
During the early 1920s, Burbank was a contender to become the
location for the southern branch of the University of
PUC Schools has its administrative offices in Burbank.
The Concordia Schools Concordia Burbank, a K-6 private school, is in the city.
In April 2012, Lycee International de
Bob Hope Airport
In December 2008, a slowdown in passenger traffic led the
Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority to curtail spending plans,
including deferring multimillion-dollar construction projects. The
weak economy continued to affect the airport in 2010, with figures
showing a 6% decline in passengers for the fiscal year ending June 30.
The slowdown is one reason the airport authority scrapped plans to
spend $4 million to erect barriers at the west end of the runway. In
The construction of major freeways through and around the city of
Burbank starting in the 1950s both divided the city from itself and
linked it to the rapidly growing
In May 2012, the state Transportation Commission approved $224.1 million in funding for the improvements to the Golden State Freeway (I-5 ) in the Burbank area along with safety improvements to the railroad tracks at Buena Vista Street. The allocation will fund most of the effort to build a new interchange at Empire Avenue, giving greater access to the nearby Empire Center shopping center as it prepares to get a Walmart store. Construction is expected to start in early 2013 and be completed in early 2016 with an estimated cost of $452 million. The state-backed project will include elevating the railroad crossing at Buena Vista Street to prevent people from getting in harm's way when a train is coming. The crossing has been the site of at least two fatalities in recent years. Downtown Burbank train station.
Burbank contains about 227.5 miles (366.1 km) of streets, nearly 50 miles (80 km) of paved alleys, 365.3 miles (587.9 km) of sidewalks, 181 signalized intersections and 10 intersections with flashing signals, according to city figures. Many of the current signals date back to the late 1960s, when voters passed a major capital improvement program for street beautification and street lighting. The funding also helped upgrade dated park and library facilities.
Metro operates public transport throughout
At the time of cityhood, Burbank had a volunteer fire department. Fire protection depended upon the bucket brigade and finding a hydrant. It wasn't until 1913 that the city created its own fire department. By 1916, the city was installing an additional 40 new fire hydrants but still relying on volunteers for fire fighting. In 1927, the city switched from a volunteer fire department to a professional one.
The Department consists of six strategically located fire stations, consisting of: 6 fire engines (type 1); 2 aerial ladder trucks (tractor-drawn) and 3 paramedic ambulances. Glendale Fire Department responding to a call in Burbank
In the late 1970s, Burbank became part of the Verdugo Fire District under a joint communications agreement with nearby cities, including Glendale and Pasadena . All three cities were experiencing issues with fire dispatching at the time. Like a lot of cities, dispatching was done by law enforcement due to cost-effectiveness. A "tri-city" joint dispatching center was created to solve the issue and fill the void. Under then contract, Burbank provided a Hazardous Materials team, Glendale provided an Air and Lighting unit as well as the dispatch center, and Pasadena provided an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Type Heavy team. Today, both Glendale and Pasadena offer USAR Type Heavy teams. The three city fire departments are all dispatched from the Verdugo Communications Center, located in Glendale. Each of the three cities shares the cost of operating and maintaining this dispatch facility. Today, Verdugo is a regional dispatch center, providing communications for all 13 fire departments in California's OES "Area C" mutual aid area.
In 1907, Burbank's first major hospital opened under the name
"Burbank Community Hospital". The 16-bed facility served the community
during a deadly smallpox epidemic in 1913 and helped it brace for
possible air raids at the start of
World War II
In 1943, the Sisters of Providence Health System, a Catholic non-profit group, founded Providence St. Joseph Medical Center. Construction of the hospital proved difficult due to World War II restrictions on construction materials, and in particular the lack of structural steel. But the challenges were met and the one-story hospital was erected to deal with wartime restrictions. During the baby boom of the 1950s, the hospital expanded from the original 100 beds to 212. By 2012, the hospital featured 431 licensed beds and ranked as the second-largest hospital serving the San Fernando and Santa Clarita Valleys. The hospital employs about 2,500 employees and 600-plus physicians.
In the mid-1990s, Seattle-based Sisters of Providence Health System, which owns St. Joseph in Burbank, renamed the hospital Providence St. Joseph Medical Center. The medical center has several centers on campus with specialized disciplines. Cancer, cardiology, mammogram, hospice and children's services are some of the specialty centers. The newest addition to the medical center's offerings is the Roy and Patricia Disney Family Cancer Center, which opened in February 2010. The cancer center features four stories of the latest in high-tech equipment to treat cancer patients and provide wellness services. The center, estimated to cost in excess of $36 million, was built with money from the family of Roy E. Disney, the nephew of Walt Disney. Roy E. Disney died in December 2009 of stomach cancer.
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Sterling Beaumon (b. 1995), actor, musician
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the
Burbank is currently twinned with:
* ^ A B C D E F "City Council". Burbank, CA. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
* ^ "
Wikimedia Commons has media related to BURBANK, CALIFORNIA .
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for BURBANK .
* Official website * Burbank Chamber of Commerce * Burbank Community Book, 1944 * A History of Burbank, 1968 * Burbankia, History and Lore of Burbank
PLACES ADJACENT TO