Bupyeong District (Bupyeong-gu) is one of the 10 administrative
divisions (eight municipal districts and two counties) that comprise
Incheon, South Korea.
Bupyeong-gu comprises an area of 12.35 square
miles (31.98 square km), and has a population of 544,606. It is
located north of Namdong-gu, east of Seo-gu, and south of Gyeyang-gu.
The city of Bucheon, in neighboring
Gyeonggi Province, comprises its
1.1 History of "old Bupyeong"
2.1 Camp Market
3 Administrative divisions
5 External links
Bupyeong-gu was created as its own district in 1995 when 'Buk-gu' was
split into 'Gyeyang-gu' and 'Bupyeong-gu' due to rapid growth in the
region. Before the 1970s, much of the area was rich farmland.
However, with rapid industrial development and the construction of
large apartment complexes, the farmland quickly disappeared leaving
what is today a large urban district.
History of "old Bupyeong"
Old Bupyeong was an administrative district, distinctive from Incheon,
before 1914, when the Japanese colonial government merged it with
outer parts of old
Bucheon County. Bupyeong Metropolitan
Prefecture (i.e. Buyeong Dohobu, 부평도호부) consisted of today's
Bupyeong-gu, Gyeyang-gu, Seo-gu(excepting Geomdan) in Incheon, Bucheon
City in Gyeonggi, and western part of
Guro-gu in Seoul. In 1895,
Bupyeong Metropolitan Prefecture was degraded to Bupyeong County. The
city centre was in Gyesan-dong, Gyeyang-gu. The two remaining
buildings of the Bupyeong prefecture office are located in Bupyeong
It should be noted that only Sipjeong-dong was part of Juan township
of old Incheon, other than old Bupyeong.
Old Bupyeong was traditionally a district of higher hierarchy than old
Incheon in the administrative district system before
Incheon became a
metropolitan prefecture in early Joseon, and was a military centre for
Gyeonggi area, covering old Incheon, Tongjin, Gimpo,
Yangcheon, Ansan, Siheung, Gwacheon, and so on.
January 1, 1968 Establishment of Buk-gu, Incheon, Gyeonggi-do.
July 1, 1981 Buk-gu,
Incheon Direct Control City
January 1, 1988 Transfer of its western parts such as Geomam-dong and
Yeonhui-dong to Seo-gu.
May 1, 1988 Elevated to autonomous district.
January 1, 1989 Gyeyang-myeon, Gimpo-gun, Gyeonggi-do included in
January 1, 1995 Buk-gu,
Incheon Metropolitan City
March 1, 1995 Name change from Buk-gu to Bupyeong-gu, and creation of
Gyeyang-gu by dividing part of Bupyeong-gu.
April 20, 2006 Sub-division of Samsan-dong to Samsan-1-dong and
At the core of the district is Bupyeong Station. The station lies at
the intersection of the
Incheon Subway Line 1 and
Seoul Subway Line 1,
instantly making it one of the busiest subway stations in all of
The area around
Bupyeong Station includes the Bupyeong Underground
Market, which boasts hundreds of small shops selling mostly clothing
and make-up, and the Bupyeong Cultural Street, a walking street which
holds several performances and cultural events throughout the year.
The area also contains many restaurants and bars, making it a popular
weekend destination for residents of Incheon. Nearby is Bupyeong
Market, a large traditional market where vendors sell fresh meat,
produce, and traditional medicine.
GM Korea, formerly Daewoo Motors, has its company headquarters and
largest automobile manufacturing plant in Bupyeong. The GM Korea
Design Center, which is said to "play an important role in GM's Global
Design organization," is located there.
Incheon's professional basketball team, the ET Land Elephants, plays
at Samsan Gymnasium in Bupyeong.
Bupyeong District is also home to Camp Market, a small United States
The administrative divisions of
Bupyeong District consist of 22 dongs.
Bupyeong District is approximately 3.09% of the area of
an area of 31.98 km2.
Official Website (in English)
Incheon Bupyeong Pungmul Festival
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bupyeong-gu, Incheon.
Metropolitan city of Incheon
Coordinates: 37°30′25″N 126°43′19″E / 37.507°N