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, type = Archive , seal = , seal_size = , seal_caption = , seal_alt = , logo = Bundesarchiv-Logo.svg , logo_size = , logo_caption = , logo_alt = , image = Bundesarchiv Koblenz.jpg , image_size = thumb , image_caption = The Federal Archives in
Koblenz Koblenz (; french: Coblence ), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a Germany, German city on the banks of the Rhine and of the Moselle, a multi-nation tributary. Koblenz was established as a Roman Empire, Roman military post by Nero Claudius Drusus, ...
, image_alt = , formed = , preceding1 = , preceding2 = , dissolved = , superseding1 = , superseding2 = , agency_type = , jurisdiction = , status = Active , headquarters = PotsdamerStraße1
56075
Koblenz Koblenz (; french: Coblence ), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a Germany, German city on the banks of the Rhine and of the Moselle, a multi-nation tributary. Koblenz was established as a Roman Empire, Roman military post by Nero Claudius Drusus, ...
, coordinates = , motto = , employees = , budget = million () , chief1_name = Dr. Michael Hollmann , chief1_position = President of the Federal Archives , chief2_name = Dr. Andrea Hänger , chief2_position = Vice President of the Federal Archives , parent_department = Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media , parent_agency = , parent_agency_type = , child1_agency = , child2_agency = , keydocument1 = , website = , agency_id = , map = , map_size = , map_caption = Location on a map of Rhineland-Palatinate , map_alt = , footnotes = , embed = The German Federal Archives or Bundesarchiv (BArch) (german: Bundesarchiv) are the National Archives of
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = German language, German , demonym = Germans, German , government_ ...
. They were established at the current location in
Koblenz Koblenz (; french: Coblence ), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a Germany, German city on the banks of the Rhine and of the Moselle, a multi-nation tributary. Koblenz was established as a Roman Empire, Roman military post by Nero Claudius Drusus, ...
in 1952. They are subordinated to the State Minister of Culture and the Media (, Monika Grütters), and before 1998, to the Federal Ministry of the Interior. On December 6, 2008 the Archives donated 100,000 photos to the public, by making them accessible via Wikimedia Commons.


History

The federal archive for institutions and authorities in Germany, the first precursor to the present-day Federal Archives, was established in
Potsdam Potsdam () is the capital and largest city of the German state of Brandenburg Brandenburg (, also , ; nds, Brannenborg; dsb, Bramborska) is a state in the northeast of Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250 ...
,
Brandenburg Brandenburg (, also , ; nds, Brannenborg; dsb, Bramborska) is a state in the northeast of Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_typ ...
in 1919, a later date than in other European countries. This national archive documented German government dating from the founding of the North German Confederation in 1867. It also included material from the older
German Confederation The German Confederation (german: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as a replacement of the former Holy Roman Empire, which had b ...
and the Imperial Chamber Court. The oldest documents in this collection dated back to the year 1411. Photographs and film of a younger vintage were also contained in the original archive, much of which was contributed by non-governmental sources. Despite efforts to save the most valuable parts of the collection, almost half of the archive's total contents were destroyed during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a World war, global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved World War II by country, the vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great ...
.The most valuable part of the civilian archive was saved by relocating them, but the military part of the archives were almost completely destroyed. In 1946, the German Central Archive was founded in Potsdam, then in the
Soviet occupation zone The Soviet Occupation Zone (; , ''Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona Germanii'', "Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany") was an area of Germany occupied by the Soviet Union as a communist area at the end of World War II in 1945. On 7 October 1949 the ...
and later in East Germany. This archive, renamed the Central State Archive in 1973, was viewed as the successor to the original archive, in part because it was located in the same city. By the end of the 1950s, records that had originally been seized by the
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, Executive (government), ex ...
of the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a Political union, union of multiple national Republics of t ...
in the aftermath of World War II had been returned to the archive. In
West Germany ) , capital = Bonnf , largest_city = Hamburg en, Hamburgian(s) , timezone1 = Central European Time, CET , utc_offset1 = +1 , timezone1_DST = Central Eu ...
, the Cabinet of Germany decided to create a new Federal Archive in
Koblenz Koblenz (; french: Coblence ), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a Germany, German city on the banks of the Rhine and of the Moselle, a multi-nation tributary. Koblenz was established as a Roman Empire, Roman military post by Nero Claudius Drusus, ...
in 1950, a project that was realized in 1952. The
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...
and the United Kingdom, like the Soviet Union, also seized records from Germany following World War II in their respective Allied-occupied Germany, zones of occupation. In 1955, a ''Military Archives Division'' was established as part of the Federal Archives as a place into which these records were returned. In 1988, the Federal Archives Act elevated the tasks of the Federal Archive into law, and granted it rights to the documents produced by West Germany's courts, public authorities, and constitutional institutions. The German reunification, reunification of Germany in 1990 also led to the unification of West Germany's Federal Archive with East Germany's Central State Archive. In the course of this development, the formerly separate National Film Archive and Military Archives of East Germany were also merged into the Federal Archives. With the unification of the two German archives in 1990, the traditions of the East Germany state authorities were absorbed into the Federal Archives. However, legal problems were encountered during this process in securing the archives and libraries of East Germany's Politics of East Germany, political parties and Communist party#Mass organizations, mass organizations. Even though East Germany's political structure meant that these institutions had very close ties to the government, they were not public institutions. Further problems arose as these records were separated from other East German documents, resulting in the Federal Archives presenting an incomplete picture of History of the German Democratic Republic, East Germany's history. In 1991, an initiative was implemented that placed the records in question into the possession of the Federal Archives. As a result of this initiative, a bill amending the Federal Archives Act of 1988 that established the department foundation provided for the Federal Archives came into force on 13 March 1992.


Content

The collection of the German Federal Archives today includes older documents from German Empire, Germany's imperial past, Nazi Germany, civilian and military records from East Germany (including East German political parties and mass organizations), and the documents inherited from
West Germany ) , capital = Bonnf , largest_city = Hamburg en, Hamburgian(s) , timezone1 = Central European Time, CET , utc_offset1 = +1 , timezone1_DST = Central Eu ...
's Federal Archive. In addition to state records, the Archives also contain material from List of political parties in Germany, political parties, associations, and societies of national prominence as well as historical collections. Besides the text documents, the Archives also keeps photographs, films, maps, posters, and Data (computing), electronic data in its collection.


Organization

* Bayreuth (german: Lastenausgleich) * Berlin in Lichterfelde (Berlin) SAPMO-East Germany, DDR, German Reich, Reich (german: SAPMO, DDR, Reich) * Berlin Film Archives (german: ) * Freiburg im Breisgau (german: Militärarchiv) * Hoppegarten (german: Zwischenarchiv) *
Koblenz Koblenz (; french: Coblence ), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a Germany, German city on the banks of the Rhine and of the Moselle, a multi-nation tributary. Koblenz was established as a Roman Empire, Roman military post by Nero Claudius Drusus, ...
Federal Republic of Germany (german: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) * Ludwigsburg Nazi Archives (german: Außenstelle bei der Zentralen Stelle der Landesjustizverwaltungen zur Aufklärung nationalsozialistischer Verbrechen) * Rastatt (german: Erinnerungsstätte für die Freiheitsbewegungen in der deutschen Geschichte) * Sankt Augustin- (german: )


Directors since 1952

Image:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1982-148-14, Karl Bruchmann.jpg, 150px, :de:Karl Bruchmann (historian), Karl Bruchmann (Director of the German Federal Archives, 1961–1967) * :de:Georg Winter (Archivar), Georg Winter (Director, ) * :de:Karl Bruchmann (historian), Karl Bruchmann (Director, ) * :de:Wolfgang A. Mommsen, Wolfgang A. Mommsen (President, ) * :de:Hans Booms, Hans Booms (President, ) * :de:Friedrich Kahlenberg, Friedrich Kahlenberg (President, ) * :de:Hartmut Weber (Archivist), Hartmut Weber (President, ) * :de:Michael Hollmann, Michael Hollmann (President present)


See also

* Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) – Archive which maintains records of members of the former German Wehrmacht who were killed in action. Merged with Federal Archive in 2019. * Stasi Records Agency – an organization that administers the archives of Stasi, Ministry of State Security (Stasi) of the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany).


References


External links

* * {{Authority control National archives Archives in Germany German federal agencies Film archives