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The Bukit Barisan or the Barisan Mountains
Barisan Mountains
are a mountain range on the western side of Sumatra, Indonesia, covering nearly 1,700 km (1,050 mi) from the north to the south of the island. The Bukit Barisan range consists primarily of volcanoes shrouded in dense jungle cover, including Sumatran tropical pine forests on the higher slopes.[1] The highest peak of the range is Mount Kerinci
Mount Kerinci
at 3,800 metres (12,467 ft).[2] The Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park
is situated towards the southern end of the range. The name Bukit Barisan actually means "row of hills" or "hills that make a row" in Malay, for the range stretches end to end along the island of Sumatra. There are 35 active volcanoes in Bukit Barisan. The largest volcano is the supervolcano Toba within the 100 km (62 miles) × 30 km (19 miles) Lake Toba, which was created after a caldera collapse (est. in 74,000 Before Present).[3] The eruption is estimated to have been at level eight on the VEI scale, the largest possible for a volcanic eruption. List of volcanoes[edit] The following list is sourced from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program.[4]

Name Shape Elevation Last eruption (VEI) Geolocation

Weh stratovolcano 7002617000000000000♠617 metres (2,024 ft) -999997412000-01-01-0000Pleistocene 5°49′N 95°17′E / 5.82°N 95.28°E / 5.82; 95.28

Seulawah Agam stratovolcano 7003181000000000000♠1,810 metres (5,940 ft) 000000001839-01-01-00001839 (2) 5°26′53″N 95°39′29″E / 5.448°N 95.658°E / 5.448; 95.658

Peuet Sague complex volcano 7003280100000000000♠2,801 metres (9,190 ft) 000000002000-12-25-000025 December 2000 (2) 4°54′50″N 96°19′44″E / 4.914°N 96.329°E / 4.914; 96.329

Geureudong stratovolcano 7003288500000000000♠2,885 metres (9,465 ft) 000000001937-01-01-00001937 4°48′47″N 96°49′12″E / 4.813°N 96.82°E / 4.813; 96.82

Kembar shield volcano 7003224500000000000♠2,245 metres (7,365 ft) -999997412000-01-01-0000Pleistocene 3°51′00″N 97°39′50″E / 3.850°N 97.664°E / 3.850; 97.664

Sibayak stratovolcano 7003221200000000000♠2,212 metres (7,257 ft) 000000001881-01-01-00001881 3°14′N 98°31′E / 3.23°N 98.52°E / 3.23; 98.52

Sinabung stratovolcano 7003246000000000000♠2,460 metres (8,070 ft) 000000002010-09-07-00007 September 2010 3°10′12″N 98°23′31″E / 3.17°N 98.392°E / 3.17; 98.392

Toba supervolcano 7003215700000000000♠2,157 metres (7,077 ft) cca 75.000 years ago 2°35′N 98°50′E / 2.58°N 98.83°E / 2.58; 98.83

Helatoba-Tarutung fumarole field 7003110000000000000♠1,100 metres (3,600 ft) -999997412000-01-01-0000Pleistocene 2°02′N 98°56′E / 2.03°N 98.93°E / 2.03; 98.93

Imun unknown 7003150500000000000♠1,505 metres (4,938 ft) unknown 2°09′29″N 98°55′48″E / 2.158°N 98.93°E / 2.158; 98.93

Sibualbuali stratovolcano 7003181900000000000♠1,819 metres (5,968 ft) unknown 1°33′22″N 99°15′18″E / 1.556°N 99.255°E / 1.556; 99.255

Lubukraya stratovolcano 7003186200000000000♠1,862 metres (6,109 ft) unknown 1°28′41″N 99°12′32″E / 1.478°N 99.209°E / 1.478; 99.209

Sorikmarapi stratovolcano 7003214500000000000♠2,145 metres (7,037 ft) 000000001986-01-01-00001986 (1) 0°41′10″N 99°32′20″E / 0.686°N 99.539°E / 0.686; 99.539

Talakmau complex volcano 7003291900000000000♠2,919 metres (9,577 ft) unknown 0°04′44″N 99°58′48″E / 0.079°N 99.98°E / 0.079; 99.98

Sarik-Gajah volcanic cone unknown unknown 0°00′29″N 100°12′00″E / 0.008°N 100.20°E / 0.008; 100.20

Marapi complex volcano 7003289100000000000♠2,891 metres (9,485 ft) 000000002004-08-05-00005 August 2004 (2) 0°22′52″S 100°28′23″E / 0.381°S 100.473°E / -0.381; 100.473

Tandikat stratovolcano 7003243800000000000♠2,438 metres (7,999 ft) 000000001924-01-01-00001924 (1) 0°25′59″S 100°19′01″E / 0.433°S 100.317°E / -0.433; 100.317

Talang stratovolcano 7003259700000000000♠2,597 metres (8,520 ft) 000000002005-04-12-000012 April 2005 (2) 0°58′41″S 100°40′44″E / 0.978°S 100.679°E / -0.978; 100.679

Kerinci stratovolcano 7003380000000000000♠3,800 metres (12,500 ft) 000000002004-06-22-000022 June 2004 (2) 1°41′49″S 101°15′50″E / 1.697°S 101.264°E / -1.697; 101.264

Hutapanjang stratovolcano 7003202100000000000♠2,021 metres (6,631 ft) unknown 2°20′S 101°36′E / 2.33°S 101.60°E / -2.33; 101.60

Sumbing stratovolcano 7003250700000000000♠2,507 metres (8,225 ft) 000000001921-05-23-000023 May 1921 (2) 2°24′50″S 101°43′41″E / 2.414°S 101.728°E / -2.414; 101.728

Kunyit stratovolcano 7003215100000000000♠2,151 metres (7,057 ft) unknown 2°35′31″S 101°37′48″E / 2.592°S 101.63°E / -2.592; 101.63

Pendan unknown unknown unknown 2°49′S 102°01′E / 2.82°S 102.02°E / -2.82; 102.02

Belirang-Beriti compound 7003195800000000000♠1,958 metres (6,424 ft) unknown 2°49′S 102°11′E / 2.82°S 102.18°E / -2.82; 102.18

Bukit Daun stratovolcano 7003246700000000000♠2,467 metres (8,094 ft) unknown 3°23′S 102°22′E / 3.38°S 102.37°E / -3.38; 102.37

Kaba stratovolcano 7003195200000000000♠1,952 metres (6,404 ft) 000000002000-08-22-000022 August 2000 (1) 3°31′S 102°37′E / 3.52°S 102.62°E / -3.52; 102.62

Dempo stratovolcano 7003317300000000000♠3,173 metres (10,410 ft) 000000001994-10-01-0000October 1994 (1) 4°02′S 103°08′E / 4.03°S 103.13°E / -4.03; 103.13

Patah unknown 7003281700000000000♠2,817 metres (9,242 ft) unknown 4°16′S 103°18′E / 4.27°S 103.30°E / -4.27; 103.30

Bukit Lumut Balai stratovolcano 7003205500000000000♠2,055 metres (6,742 ft) unknown 4°14′S 103°37′E / 4.23°S 103.62°E / -4.23; 103.62

Besar stratovolcano 7003189900000000000♠1,899 metres (6,230 ft) 000000001940-04-01-0000April 1940 (1) 4°26′S 103°40′E / 4.43°S 103.67°E / -4.43; 103.67

Ranau caldera 7003188100000000000♠1,881 metres (6,171 ft) unknown 4°50′S 103°55′E / 4.83°S 103.92°E / -4.83; 103.92

Sekincau Belirang caldera 7003171900000000000♠1,719 metres (5,640 ft) unknown 5°07′S 104°19′E / 5.12°S 104.32°E / -5.12; 104.32

Suoh caldera 7003100000000000000♠1,000 metres (3,300 ft) 000000001933-07-10-000010 July 1933 (4) 5°15′S 104°16′E / 5.25°S 104.27°E / -5.25; 104.27

Hulubelu caldera 7003104000000000000♠1,040 metres (3,410 ft) 000000001836-01-01-00001836 5°21′S 104°36′E / 5.35°S 104.60°E / -5.35; 104.60

Rajabasa stratovolcano 7003128100000000000♠1,281 metres (4,203 ft) 000000001798-01-01-00001798 5°46′48″S 105°37′30″E / 5.78°S 105.625°E / -5.78; 105.625

Landsat
Landsat
image of Lake Toba 

Marapi 

See also[edit]

List of volcanoes in Indonesia Kodam I/Bukit Barisan

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bukit Barisan.

^ Travelling in Indonesia
Indonesia
Archived August 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Kerinci". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.  ^ Oppenheimer, C. (2002). "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba ≈74 kyr BP?". Quaternary Science Reviews. 21 (14–15): 1593–1609. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00154-8.  ^ "Volcanoes of Indonesia
Indonesia
- Sumatra". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 

Coordinates: 3°00′S 102°15′E / 3.000°S 102.250°E

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