The buk is a traditional Korean drum. While the term buk is a native Korean word used as a generic term meaning "drum" (the Sino-Korean word being go), it is most often used to refer to a shallow barrel-shaped drum, with a round wooden body that is covered on both ends with animal skin. Buk are categorized as hyeokbu (혁부, 革部) which are instruments made with leather, and has been used for jeongak (Korean court music) and folk music.
1 History 2 Usages 3 Types 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links
In the picture titled "Dancing boy" (무동:舞童), samhyeon yukgak including a buk and janggu are depicted.
The buk used for court music are usually fixed with nails on the rims,
while ones used for folk music are usually tied up with leather straps
to form the shape. Performers in the court music usually beat their
buk with bukchae (북채, a drum stick) on one hand or two hands
together, while drummers in the folk music commonly beat their buk
with it on their right hand as hitting the other side of the buk with
their bare left hand. A while ago, even jong (종, bell) was
referred to as "soebuk" (쇠북, metal drum) and included in the buk
Buk have been used for
Yonggo being played in a marching daechwita ensemble
There are two forms of undecorated buk used in Korean folk music: the buk used to accompany pansori, which has tacked heads, is called a sori-buk (소리북),photo[permanent dead link] while the buk used to accompany pungmul music, which has laced heads, is called pungmul-buk (풍물북).photo The sori-buk is played with both an open left hand and a stick made of birch that is held in the right hand, with the stick striking both the right drumhead and the wood of the drum's body. The pungmul-buk is one of the four instruments used in samul nori, a modern performance version of pungmul. It is played by striking a single stick (usually with the right hand) on only one of its heads. Due to its similarity in shape and construction, the yonggo (hangul: 용고; hanja: 龍鼓; literally "dragon drum"), which is a barrel drum with tacked heads decorated with painted dragon designs and used in the military wind-and-percussion music called daechwita, is sometimes also classified as a form of buk. It is struck with two padded sticks. A modern set of buk (usually four) is called modeum buk (모듬북).photo They are typically placed horizontally on wooden stands and played with sticks.photo Types
A South Korean airman playing a pungmul-buk
Traditional Korean musical instruments
^ a b 북 (鼓) (in Korean). National Folk Museum of Korea. Archived from the original on 2005-11-23. ^ 삼현육각 (三絃六角) (in Korean). Empas / EncyKorea. ^ a b c d e 북 (in Korean). Empas / EncyKorea. ^ 삼현삼죽 (三絃三竹) (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd ed. S.v. "Puk,"
by Robert C. Provine.
Jang Sa-hun (장사훈) (1969). "각종 북의 명칭과 사진
자료". Korean Musical Instruments (韓國樂器大觀) (in Korean).
Korean Musicological Society / Cultural Heritage Administration.
Kang Han-yeong (강한영) (1976).
Samguk Sagi Goryeosa Book of Sui Akhak Gwebeom 민요와 향토악기 (장사훈, 상문당, 1948) 국악개요 (장사훈, 정연사, 1961) 한국음악사전 (대한민국예술원, 1985) 국악대사전 (장사훈, 세광음악출판사, 1984)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buk (drum).
Buk page[permanent dead link] from
Video showing sori-buk used in pansori Video showing pungmul-buk used in samulnori Video showing yonggo