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The Buginese or Bugis people are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of
South Sulawesi South Sulawesi ( id, Sulawesi Selatan) is a Provinces of Indonesia, province in the South Peninsula, Sulawesi, southern peninsula of Sulawesi. The Selayar Islands archipelago to the south of Sulawesi is also part of the province. The capital is Ma ...
(the others being
Makassar Makassar () is the capital city, capital of the Indonesian Provinces of Indonesia, province of South Sulawesi. It is the largest city in the region of Eastern Indonesia and the country's fifth-largest urban center after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandun ...
and
Toraja The Torajans are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, langua ...
), in the southwestern province of
Sulawesi Sulawesi , also known as Celebes (), is one of the four Greater Sunda Islands. It is governed by Indonesia. The List of islands by area, world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of M ...

Sulawesi
, third largest island of
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian Ocean, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Pacific oceans. It consists of more than List of islands ...

Indonesia
. The Bugis in 1605 converted to
Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pronounced , or (when the stress is on the first syllable) ( ...
from
Animism Animism (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman R ...

Animism
. The main religion embraced by the Bugis is Islam, with a minority adhering to Christianity or a pre-Islamic indigenous belief called ''Tolotang''. Despite the population numbering only around 6 million, the Bugis are influential in the politics in modern Indonesia, and historically influential on the Malay peninsula and other parts of the archipelago where they have migrated, starting in the late seventeenth century. The former Vice President of Indonesia,
Jusuf Kalla Muhammad Jusuf Kalla (; born 15 May 1942) is an Indonesian politician and businessman who served as the 10th and 12th Vice President of Indonesia The Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia) is s ...

Jusuf Kalla
, were Bugis. In Malaysia, the sixth Prime Minister,
Najib Razak Malay styles and titles#Dato' Sri, Dato' Sri Hajj, Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak ( ms, محمد نجيب بن عبدالرزاق, label=Jawi alphabet, Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset, ; born 23 July 1953) is a Malaysian people, ...

Najib Razak
, and the current Prime Minister,
Muhyiddin Yassin Tan Sri Dato' Haji Mahiaddin bin Md. Yasin ( ms, ماهيا الدين بن مد ياسين, label= Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset; born 15 May 1947) or familiarly known as Muhyiddin bin Mohd. Yassin is a Malaysian politician A politicia ...

Muhyiddin Yassin
, have Bugis ancestry. Although many Bugis people live in the large port cities of
Makassar Makassar () is the capital city, capital of the Indonesian Provinces of Indonesia, province of South Sulawesi. It is the largest city in the region of Eastern Indonesia and the country's fifth-largest urban center after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandu ...

Makassar
and
Parepare Parepare is a city (''kota'') in South Sulawesi, Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian Ocean, Indian and Pacific Ocea ...
, the majority are farmers who grow wet rice on the lowland plains to the north and west of the town of
Maros Maros is a town in the South Sulawesi province of Indonesia close to the provincial capital of Makassar. It is the capital of the Maros Regency. Maros is the location of the Indonesian Cereals Research Institute, a branch of the Indonesian Ag ...

Maros
. The name Bugis is an
exonym An endonym (from Greek: , 'inner' + , 'name'; also known as autonym) is a common, internal name A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either unique ...
which represents an older form of the name; ''(To) Ugi'' is the
endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 milli ...
. The Bugis people speak a distinct regional language in addition to
Indonesian Indonesian is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It may refer to: * Indonesians, citizens of Indonesia ** Native Indonesians, diverse groups of local inhabitants of the archipelago ** Indonesian w ...

Indonesian
, called Buginese or Bugis (Buginese: ''Basa Ugi''), with several different dialects. The Bugis language belongs to the South Sulawesi language group; other members include Makassarese,
Toraja The Torajans are an ethnic group indigenous people, indigenous to a mountainous region of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Their population is approximately 1,100,000, of whom 450,000 live in the List of regencies and cities of Indonesia, regency of T ...
, Mandar and Enrekang.


History


Origin

The
Austronesian Austronesian may refer to: *The Austronesian languages *The historical Austronesian peoples who carried Austronesian languages on their migrations {{disambiguation ...
ancestors of the Bugis people settled on
Sulawesi Sulawesi , also known as Celebes (), is one of the four Greater Sunda Islands. It is governed by Indonesia. The List of islands by area, world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of M ...

Sulawesi
around 2500 B.C.E. There is "historical linguistic evidence of some late
Holocene The Holocene ( ) is the current Geologic time scale, geological epoch. It began approximately 11,650 radiocarbon calibration, cal years Before Present, before present, after the last glacial period, which concluded with the Holocene glacial re ...
immigration of Austronesian speakers to South Sulawesi from
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...

Taiwan
"—which means that the Buginese have "possible ultimate ancestry in South China", and that as a result of this immigration, "there was an infusion of an exogenous population from
China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...

China
or
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...

Taiwan
." Migration from South China by some of the paternal ancestors of the Bugis is also supported by studies of
Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutation Image:Darwin Hybrid Tulip Mutation 2014-05-01.jpg, A tulip flower exhibiting a partially yellow petal due to a mutation in its genes In biology, a m ...
s.


Homeland in Sulawesi, Indonesia

The homeland of the Buginese is the area around
Lake Tempe
Lake Tempe
and Lake Sidenreng in the Walannae Depression in the southwest peninsula of Sulawesi. It was here that the ancestors of the present-day Bugis settled, probably in the mid- to late second millennium BC. The area is rich in fish and wildlife and the annual fluctuation of Lake Tempe (a reservoir lake for the Bila and Walannae rivers) allows speculative planting of wet rice, while the hills can be farmed by
swidden Slash-and-burn agriculture is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest A forest is an area of land dominated by trees. Hundreds of definitions of forest are used throughout the world, incorporating ...
or
shifting cultivation Shifting cultivation is an agricultural Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated ...

shifting cultivation
, wet rice, gathering and hunting. Around AD 1200 the availability of prestigious imported goods including Chinese and Southeast Asian ceramics and Gujerati print-block textiles, coupled with newly discovered sources of iron ore in
Luwu The Kingdom of Luwu (also Luwuq or Wareq) is generally thought to be the oldest kingdom in South Sulawesi South Sulawesi ( id, Sulawesi Selatan) is a Provinces of Indonesia, province in the South Peninsula, Sulawesi, southern peninsula of Sulaw ...
stimulated an agrarian revolution which expanded from the great lakes region into the lowland plains to the east, south and west of the Walennae depression. This led over the next 400 years to the development of the major kingdoms of South Sulawesi, and the social transformation of chiefly societies into hierarchical proto-states.


Migration to other areas


Malay Peninsula and Sumatra

The conclusion in 1669 of a protracted civil war led to a diaspora of Bugis and their entry into the politics of the
Malay Peninsula The Malay Peninsula (Malay language, Malay: ''Semenanjung Tanah Melayu'') is a peninsula in Southeast Asia. The land mass runs approximately north–south and, at its terminus, is the southernmost point of the Asian mainland. The area contains Pe ...
and
Sumatra Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia. It is the largest island that is fully within Indonesian territory, as well as the list of islands by area, sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 (182,812 mi.2), not ...

Sumatra
. The Bugis played an important role in defeating Jambi and had a huge influence in
Sultanate of Johor The Johor Sultanate ( ms, Kesultanan Johor or ; also called the Sultanate of Johor, Johor-Riau, Johor-Riau-Lingga, or the Johor Empire) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528. Johor was part ...
. Apart from the Malays, another influential faction in Johor at that time was the
MinangkabauMinangkabau may refer to: * Minangkabau culture, culture of the Minangkabau people * Minangkabau Culture Documentation and Information Center * Minangkabau F.C., a football club based in Padang, West Sumatra * Minangkabau Highlands, West Sumatra * Mi ...
. Both the Buginese and the Minangkabau realised how the death of
Sultan Mahmud II Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic abstract noun A noun (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the ...
had provided them with the chance to exert power in Johor. Under the leadership of Daeng Parani, the descendants of two families settled on the
Linggi Linggi is a mukim A mukim is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, a ...
and
Selangor river Selangor River ( ms, Sungai Selangor) is a major river in Selangor, Malaysia. It runs from Kuala Kubu Bharu in the east and empties into the Straits of Malacca at Kuala Selangor in the west.http://www.utusanborneo.com.my/content/pencemaran-sungai-s ...
s and became the power behind the Johor throne, with the creation of the office of the Yang Dipertuan Muda (Yam Tuan Muda), or Bugis underking. In modern
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia. The federation, federal constitutional monarchy consists of States and federal territories of Malaysia, thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two reg ...

Malaysia
, Buginese are classified as
BumiputeraBumiputera or Bumiputra, which is a Malay Malay may refer to: Languages * Malay language or Bahasa Melayu, a major Austronesian language spoken in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore ** History of the Malay language#Old Malay, the Malay lan ...
(like members of other historical immigrant ethnicities originating from Indonesia).


In northern Australia

Long before European colonialists extended their influence into these waters, the Makassarese, the
Bajau The Sama-Bajau refers to several Austronesian ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of ...
, and the Buginese built elegant, ocean-going schooners in which they plied the trade routes. Intrepid and doughty, they travelled as far east as the
Aru Islands The Aru Islands Regency ( id, Kabupaten Kepulauan Aru) are a group of about ninety-five low-lying island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very smal ...
, off
New Guinea New Guinea (; Hiri Motu Hiri Motu, also known as Police Motu, Pidgin Motu, or just Hiri, is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign ...

New Guinea
, where they traded in the skins of
birds of paradise The birds-of-paradise are members of the family Paradisaeidae of the order Passeriformes. The majority of species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as ...

birds of paradise
and medicinal masoya bark, and to
northern Australia The unofficial geographic term Northern Australia includes those parts of Queensland and Western Australia north of latitude 26th parallel south, 26° and all of the Northern Territory. Those local government areas of Western Australia and Qu ...

northern Australia
, where they exchanged shells, birds'-nests and
mother-of-pearl Nacre ( also ), also known as mother of pearl, is an organicinorganic composite material A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material which is produced from two o ...
for knives and salt with
Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
tribes. The Buginese sailors left their mark and culture on an area of the northern Australian coast which stretches over two thousand kilometres from
the Kimberley The Kimberley is the northernmost of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean, on the north by the Timor Sea, on the south by the Great Sandy Desert, Great Sandy and Tanami Desert, Tanami deserts ...
to the
Gulf of Carpentaria The Gulf of Carpentaria () is a large, shallow sea enclosed on three sides by northern Australia and bounded on the north by the eastern Arafura Sea (the body of water that lies between Australia and New Guinea). The northern boundary is ge ...
. Throughout these parts of northern Australia, there is much evidence of a significant Bugis presence. Each year, the Bugis sailors would sail down on the northwestern
monsoon A monsoon () is traditionally a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation In meteorology Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric ph ...

monsoon
in their wooden ''
padewakang Padewakang were traditional boats used by the Bugis, Mandar, and Makassar people, Makassar people of South Sulawesi. Padewakang were used for long distance voyages serving the south Sulawesi kingdoms. Etymology No-one quite seems to know the orig ...
''. They would stay in Australian waters for several months to trade and take ''trepang'' (or dried
sea cucumber Sea cucumbers are echinoderms from the class (biology), class Holothuroidea. They are marine animals with a leathery skin and an elongated body containing a single, branched gonad. Sea cucumbers are found on the sea floor worldwide. The number o ...
) before returning to Makassar on the dry season off shore winds. As
Thomas Forrest Thomas Forrest (1747March 20, 1825) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly kn ...
wrote in ''A Voyage from Calcutta to the Mergui Archipelago'' (1792), S.78 ff., “The Buggesses in general are a high-spirited people; they will not bear ill usage... They deserve the character given of Malays in general, by Monsieur Poivre, in his Travels of a Philosopher, 'fond of adventures, emigration, and capable of undertaking the most dangerous enterprizes'.”


Society

Most present-day Buginese now earn their living as rice farmers,
traders
traders
or
fishermen A fisher or fisherman is someone who captures fish Fish are Aquatic animal, aquatic, craniate, gill-bearing animals that lack Limb (anatomy), limbs with Digit (anatomy), digits. They form a sister group to the tunicates, together forming t ...

fishermen
. Women help with the agricultural cycle and work in the homes. Most Bugis people live in stilted houses, sometimes three meters (9 ft) or more off the ground, with plank walls and floors. Many of the marriages are still arranged by parents and ideally take place between cousins. The Bugis recognise a
cousin Commonly, "cousin" refers to a "first cousin", a relative Relative may refer to: General use *Kinship and family, the principle binding the most basic social units society. If two people are connected by circumstances of birth, they are sai ...

cousin
up to the ninth degree. A newlywed couple often lives with the wife's family for the first few years of their marriage (
matrilocal In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality (also uxorilocal residence or uxorilocality) is the societal system in which a married couple resides with or near the wife's parents. Thus, the female offspring of a mother A m ...
). The Bugis diet consists mainly of rice, maize, fish, chicken, vegetables, fruit and coffee. On festive occasions,
goat The domestic goat or simply goat (''Capra hircus'') is a domesticated species of goat-antelope The subfamily Caprinae is part of the ruminant Ruminants are herbivorous mammals of the suborder Ruminantia that are able to acquire nutrient ...

goat
is served as a special dish. The Bugis people recognise five separate genders. These are ''makkunrai'' and ''oroané'', which correspond to
cisgender A cisgender person (sometimes cissexual, informally abbreviated cis) is a person whose gender identity matches their Sex assignment, sex assigned at birth. For example, someone who identifies as a woman and was identified as female at birth is a ...
male and female respectively, as well as ''calabai'' and ''calalai'', which correspond to
trans men A trans man is a man who was assigned female at birth. The label of transgender man is not always interchangeable with that of transsexual man, although the two labels are often used in this way. ''Transgender'' is an umbrella term that includes ...
and
trans women A trans woman is a woman who was assigned male at birth. Trans women may experience gender dysphoria and may transition; this process commonly includes hormone replacement therapy and sometimes sex reassignment surgery, which can bring relie ...
respectively, and ''bissu'', which is less easily comparable to Western ideas of gender.


Religion

A few west coast rulers converted to
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. It is the Major religious groups, world's la ...

Christianity
in the mid-16th century, but failure by the Portuguese at
Malacca Malacca, officially the State of Malacca, is a Federated state, state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca. Its capital is Malacca City, dubbed the Historic City, which has been listed ...

Malacca
to provide priests meant that this did not last. In the early 17th century, the Minangkabau
ulama In Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pronounced , or (when the stress is on the fir ...
, Dato Ri Bandang, Dato Ri Tiro, and Dato Ri Patimang spread Islam in South Sulawesi. The Bugis converted from indigenous animistic practices and beliefs to
Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pronounced , or (when the stress is on the first syllable) ( ...
. By 1611, all the Makasar and Bugis kingdoms had converted to Islam. According to Nurman Said 95% of the Bugis are Muslims. There are a small number of Bugis who do not take Islam as their religion. Some Bugis converted to Christianity by means of marriage but their number remained small. A Bugis community living in Amparita in the
Sidenreng Rappang Regency Sidenreng Rappang Regency (the name is often abbreviated to "Sidrap") is a Regencies of Indonesia, regency of South Sulawesi Province in Indonesia. It has an area of and had a population of 271,911 at the 2010 Census and 319,990 at the 2020 Census. ...
retain their pre-Islamic beliefs, called Tolotang. Because most Bugis people are
Muslims Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pron ...
, the
Hajj The Hajj (; ar, حَجّ ' "wikt:pilgrimage, ''pilgrimage''"; sometimes also spelled Hadj, Hadji or Haj in English) is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Holiest sites in Islam, holiest city for Muslims. Hajj is a Fard ...
is seen as a prestige by them.


In literature

A settlement of Bugis people in the fictional country of
Patusan Patusan is a fictional country originating in the novel '' Lord Jim'' by Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski, ; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-British writer regarded as one of the greatest ...

Patusan
plays a key role in
Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski, ; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-British writer regarded as one of the greatest novelists to write in the English language. Though he did not speak English fluently u ...
's novel ''
Lord Jim ''Lord Jim'' is a novel by Joseph Conrad originally published as a serial in ''Blackwood's Magazine'' from October 1899 to November 1900. An early and primary event in the story is the abandonment of a passenger ship in distress by its crew, in ...
''.


Notable people

*
Abdul Razak Hussein Tun Haji Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussein (11 March 1922 – 14 January 1976) was a Malaysian politician who served as the 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia The prime minister of Malaysia ( ms, Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of governm ...
, 2nd
Prime Minister of Malaysia The prime minister of Malaysia ( ms, Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-gov ...
and father of
Najib Razak Malay styles and titles#Dato' Sri, Dato' Sri Hajj, Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak ( ms, محمد نجيب بن عبدالرزاق, label=Jawi alphabet, Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset, ; born 23 July 1953) is a Malaysian people, ...

Najib Razak
. * Andi Mallarangeng * Sultan Salehuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Daeng Chelak, the 1st sultan of the
sultan of Selangor Sultan of Selangor is the title of the constitutional ruler of Selangor, Malaysia who is the head of state and head of the Islamic religion in Selangor. The current monarch, Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah ascended the throne on the death of his f ...
in Malaysia. *
Abu Bakar of Johor Sultan Sir Abu Bakar ibni Almarhum Temenggong Seri Maharaja Tun Daeng Ibrahim (Jawi alphabet, Jawi: ; 3 February 1833 – 4 June 1895) was the Temenggong of Johor. He was the 1st Sultan of Modern Johor, the 21st Sultan of Johor and the first Ma ...
, the 21st sultan of the
Johor Sultanate The Johor Sultanate ( ms, Kesultanan Johor or ; also called the Sultanate of Johor, Johor-Riau, Johor-Riau-Lingga, or the Johor Empire) was founded by Malaccan Sultan Mahmud Shah's son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II in 1528. Johor was part ...
in Malaysia. * , former Minister of Justice and Human Rights of Indonesia (2011–2014). * ,
Attorney General of Indonesia The Attorney General of Indonesia (''Jaksa Agung Republik Indonesia'') is the competent authority to advise the Government of Indonesia The term Government of Indonesia (Indonesian: ''Pemerintah Indonesia'') can have a number of different meanin ...
(1998–1999), Ambassador to India (2008–2013) * Erna Witoelar, former Minister of Human Settlements and Regional Development of Indonesia. *
Jusuf Kalla Muhammad Jusuf Kalla (; born 15 May 1942) is an Indonesian politician and businessman who served as the 10th and 12th Vice President of Indonesia The Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia) is s ...

Jusuf Kalla
,
Vice President of Indonesia The Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Wakil Presiden Republik Indonesia) is second-highest officer in the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility ...
. * Ma'mun Sulaiman, Malaysian Politician. *
Lisa Surihani Malay styles and titles, Datin Lisa Surihani binti Mohamed (; ), born 23 March 1986) is a Malaysian actress, model, television host and commercial model. Starting her entertainment career in 1997, at the age of 11, Lisa has appeared in numerous ...

Lisa Surihani
, Malaysian actress, model, television host and commercial model. *
Muhyiddin Yassin Tan Sri Dato' Haji Mahiaddin bin Md. Yasin ( ms, ماهيا الدين بن مد ياسين, label= Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset; born 15 May 1947) or familiarly known as Muhyiddin bin Mohd. Yassin is a Malaysian politician A politicia ...

Muhyiddin Yassin
, current president of
Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia The Malaysian United Indigenous Party ( ms, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia, abbreviated PPBM or better known BERSATU) is a nationalist political party in Malaysia. It is a major component party of the ruling Perikatan Nasional coalition which wa ...
party and former
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia The deputy prime minister of Malaysia ( ms, Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia. The federation, federal constitutional monarchy consists of S ...
and member of
United Malays National Organisation The United Malays National Organisation ( Malay: ''Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu''; Jawi: ڤرتوبوهن‌ كبڠساءن ملايو برساتو), abbreviated UMNO (Jawi: امنو; ) or lesser known as PEKEMBAR (Jawi: ڤکمبر), is ...
party. *
Najib Razak Malay styles and titles#Dato' Sri, Dato' Sri Hajj, Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak ( ms, محمد نجيب بن عبدالرزاق, label=Jawi alphabet, Jawi, script=arab, italic=unset, ; born 23 July 1953) is a Malaysian people, ...

Najib Razak
, 6th
Prime Minister of Malaysia The prime minister of Malaysia ( ms, Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-gov ...
. * Daeng Sanusi Daeng Mariok, Malaysian Politician. * Raja Ali Haji, a 19th-century historian, poet and scholar. * Taufik Batisah, Singaporean singer. * Ziana Zain, Malaysian singer. * Once Mekel (born Elfonda Mekel), stage name of Indonesian singer. * Pierre Coffin, French voice actor, animator and film director. * Andi Muhammad Suryandy Bandy, Andi Muhammad Suryady Bandy, Sabah State Assistant Minister of Youth and Sports.


See also

* Bodo blouse * Spread of Islam in Southeast Asia * Malays in Singapore#The Bugis, Bugis in Singapore * Demographics of Indonesia * Demographics of Malaysia * Bone state – Bugis state * Wajoq – Bugis kingdom


Notes

:1.Bugis population make up 1/5 of the population but were gradually merged with the Malay (ethnic group), Malay population after the 1820s.


References


Further reading

*


External links


Bugis
at Encyclopædia Britannica {{Authority control Bugis people, Ethnic groups in Indonesia Ethnic groups in Malaysia Ethnic groups in Singapore Muslim communities of Indonesia