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Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(March 27, 1914 – August 5, 2009) was an American screenwriter, television producer, novelist and sports writer. He was known for his 1941 novel, What Makes Sammy Run?, his 1947 novel The Harder They Fall, his 1954 Academy Award-winning screenplay for On the Waterfront, and his 1957 screenplay for A Face in the Crowd.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 World War II 3 Career 4 Personal life and death 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life and education[edit] Born Seymour Wilson Schulberg, he was raised in a Jewish family[1] the son of Hollywood film-producer B. P. Schulberg
B. P. Schulberg
and Adeline (née Jaffe) Schulberg, who founded a talent agency taken over by her brother, agent/film producer Sam Jaffe.[2] In 1931, when Schulberg was 17, his father left the family to live with actress Sylvia Sidney.[3] His parents divorced in 1933.[2] Schulberg attended Deerfield Academy
Deerfield Academy
and then went on to Dartmouth College, where he was actively involved in the Dartmouth Jack-O-Lantern humor magazine and was a member of the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity.[4] In 1939, he collaborated on the screenplay for Winter Carnival, a light comedy set at Dartmouth. One of his collaborators was F. Scott Fitzgerald, who was fired because of his alcoholic binge during a visit with Schulberg to Dartmouth.[5] Dartmouth College awarded Schulberg an honorary degree in 1960. World War II[edit] While serving in the Navy during World War II, Schulberg was assigned to the Office of Strategic Services
Office of Strategic Services
(OSS), working with John Ford's documentary unit. Following VE Day, he was reportedly among the first American servicemen to liberate the Nazi concentration camps.[6] He was involved in gathering evidence against war criminals for the Nuremberg Trials, an assignment that included arresting documentary film maker Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
at her chalet in Kitzbühel, Austria, ostensibly to have her identify the faces of Nazi war criminals in German film footage captured by the Allied troops.[7] Career[edit] Being the son of a successful Hollywood producer, Schulberg had an insider's viewpoint on the true happenings of Hollywood, and his literature and film reflected this. His most famed writing What Makes Sammy Run? allowed the public to see the harshness of Hollywood stardom via Sammy Glick's Cinderella story that does not end happily ever after. This novel was criticized by some as being self-directed antisemitism.[8]

Schulberg in 1954

In 1950, Schulberg published The Disenchanted, about a young screenwriter who collaborates on a screenplay about a college winter festival with a famous novelist at the nadir of his career. The novelist (who was then assumed by reviewers to be a thinly disguised portrait of Fitzgerald, who had died ten years earlier) is portrayed as a tragic and flawed figure, with whom the young screenwriter becomes disillusioned. The novel was the 10th bestselling novel in the United States in 1950[9] and was adapted as a Broadway play in 1958, starring Jason Robards
Jason Robards
(who won a Tony Award
Tony Award
for his performance) and George Grizzard
George Grizzard
as the character loosely based on Schulberg. In 1958, Schulberg wrote and co-produced (with his younger brother, Stuart) the film Wind Across the Everglades, directed by Nicholas Ray. Schulberg wrote the 1957 film A Face in the Crowd. Based on the short story in his book Some Faces in the Crowd, the film starred newcomer Andy Griffith
Andy Griffith
as an obscure country singer who rises to fame and becomes extraordinarily manipulative to preserve his success and power. Schulberg encountered political controversy in 1951 when screenwriter Richard Collins, testifying to the House Un-American Activities Committee, named Schulberg as a former member of the Communist Party.[10] Schulberg testified as a friendly witness that Party members had sought to influence the content of What Makes Sammy Run and "named names" of other Hollywood communists[11] Schulberg was also a sports writer and former chief boxing correspondent for Sports Illustrated. He wrote some well received books on boxing including Sparring with Hemingway.[12][13] He was inducted into the Boxing Hall of Fame
Boxing Hall of Fame
in 2002 in recognition of his contributions to the sport.[citation needed] In 1965, after a devastating riot had ripped apart the fabric of the Watts section of Los Angeles, Schulberg formed the Watts Writers Workshop in an attempt to ease frustrations and bring artistic training to the economically impoverished district.[citation needed] In 1982 Schulberg wrote "Moving Pictures, Memoirs of a Hollywood Prince", an autobiography covering his youth in Hollywood growing up in the '20s and '30s among the famous motion picture actors and producers as the son of B.P. Schulberg, head of Paramount Studios. Personal life and death[edit]

Schulberg at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival.

Schulberg was married four times. In 1936, he married his first wife, actress Virginia "Jigee" Lee Ray.[14] They had one daughter, Victoria, before divorcing in 1942.[15] In 1943, he married Victoria "Vickee" Anderson. They divorced in 1964.[16] They had two children: Stephen (born 1944) and David (born 1946).[17] David was a Vietnam veteran who predeceased his father.[citation needed] In 1964, he married actress Geraldine Brooks. They were married until her death in 1977;[3] they had no children.[18] In 1977, he married Betsy Ann Langman; they had two children: Benn and Jessica.[3] His niece Sandra Schulberg[19] was an executive producer of the Academy Award
Academy Award
nominated film Quills, among other movies. His mother, of The Ad Schulberg Agency, served as his agent until her death in 1977. His brother, Stuart Schulberg, was a movie and television producer (David Brinkley's Journal, The Today Show). His sister, Sonya Schulberg (O'Sullivan) (1918-2016) was an occasional writer (novel They Cried a Little and stories). Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
died in his home in Quiogue, New York, aged 95. See also[edit]

Biography portal

The Nazi Plan

References[edit]

^ Hollywood Reporter: "Hollywood's Hottest $150 Million Project Is an 83-Year-Old Synagogue - Studio heads, agency chieftains and top producers have come together, "Avengers"-style, to save their iconic but decaying Wilshire Boulevard Temple -- an A-list house of worship far from the Westside" by Gary Baum May 30, 2012 ^ a b Jewish Women's Archives: " Adeline Schulberg 1895 – 1977" retrieved September 24, 2015 ^ a b c People: " Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
-Exiled Long Ago for the Secrets He Did Not Keep, the Author of What Makes Sammy Run? Looks Back on Hollywood Past and Present" by Ken Gross December 18, 1989 ^ Membership Directory, 2010, Pi Lambda Phi
Pi Lambda Phi
Inc ^ Tanz, Jason (7 Feb 2003). "Lost Weekend: F. Scott and Budd Go to Dartmouth". The New York Times.  ^ Cullum, Paul (6 July 2006). "A Face in the In Crowd". LA Weekly.  ^ Kennicott, Philip (29 Nov 2005). "Art of Justice: The Filmmakers At Nuremberg". Washington Post.  ^ "Budd Schulberg: The Screen Playwright as the Author," in The Cineaste Interviews, ed. Dan Georgakas and Lenny Rubenstein (Chicago: Lake View Press, 1983) ^ Publishers Weekly list of bestselling novels in the United States in the 1950s ^ Joyce, Gare (June 2004). "Unrepentant". The Walrus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-14.  ^ Trussell, C. P. (24 May 1951). "Schulberg Tells of Red Dictation: Move To Control His Writing Cause Him to Leave Party" (PDF). The New York Times. [Schulberg] testified voluntarily before [HUAC] today that he became a Communist during the late Nineteen Thirties but quit the party when it tried to dictate what he should write…. He named John Howard Lawson, one of the Hollywood Ten, as trying to pressure him to write under party guidance, and 'named names' of Waldo Salt, Ring Lardner Jr., Lester Cole, John Bright, Paul Jarrico, Gordon Kahn, writers; Herbert Biberman, director; and Meta Reis Rosenberg, agent. [permanent dead link] ^ "Budd Schulberg: A Knockout Collection". Chicago Tribune. 13 August 1995. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ "IN SHORT:NONFICTION". New York Times. 9 July 1995. Retrieved 8 September 2016.  ^ Beck, Nicholas (October 2001). Budd Schulberg: A Bio-bibliography. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810840355. "All of the Jewish communists were attracted to her, because she was a gorgeous gentile princess accessible to Jewish communists because she was a communist"  ^ Weineraug, Tim (2009-08-05). "Budd Schulberg, 'On the Waterfront' Writer, Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-28.  ^ Beck p.64 ^ Beck p.37 ^ Beck p.62 ^ Sandra Schulberg on IMDb

Further reading[edit]

Beck, Nicholas. Budd Schulberg: A Bio-Bibliography Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Budd Schulberg.

The Papers of Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
in Rauner Special
Special
Collections Library, Dartmouth College Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
on IMDb Weiner, Tim (5 Aug 2009). "Budd Schulberg, 'On the Waterfront' Writer, Dies at 95". The New York Times.  "Obituary: Budd Schulberg". The Daily Telegraph. 6 Aug 2009.  Kurt Vonnegut (Winter 2001). "Budd Schulberg, The Art of Fiction No. 169". The Paris Review.  Channel 4 News interview with Budd Schulberg, February 2009 1998 interview with Schulberg about On the Waterfront "The Priest Who Made Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
Run: 'On the Waterfront' and Jesuit Social Action", Inside Fordham Online, May 2003 "Corruption Found at Waterfront Watchdog" New York Times, August 12, 2009. Article mentions Schulberg and his book On the Waterfront
On the Waterfront
in noting similarity to recent allegations. Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
at Find a Grave

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 2481031 LCCN: n79045099 ISNI: 0000 0001 2098 4367 GND: 117160121 SUDOC: 028256530 BNF: cb12012967w (data) BIBSYS: 90157220 NDL: 00455797 BNE: XX1399

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