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BUDAPEST (Hungarian: ( listen )) is the capital and by far the most populous city of Hungary
Hungary
and one of the largest cities in the European Union
European Union
. With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres (203 square miles), Budapest
Budapest
is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU. Budapest
Budapest
is both a city and county , and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area , which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres (2,944 square miles) and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary. The Budapest metropolitan area had a GDP
GDP
of $141.0 billion (€129.4 billion) in 2016, accounting for 49.6 percent of the GDP
GDP
of Hungary. GDP
GDP
per capita in the city is $64,283, which means 148% of the EU average measured on purchasing power parity . Thereby the city is among the top 100 GDP
GDP
performing cities in the world and making it one of the largest regional economies in the European Union.

Budapest
Budapest
is a leading global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. It is a leading R"> Buda
Buda
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493)

The first settlement on the territory of Budapest
Budapest
was built by Celts
Celts
before 1 AD. It was later occupied by the Romans . The Roman settlement – Aquincum
Aquincum
– became the main city of Pannonia
Pannonia
Inferior in 106 AD. At first it was a military settlement, and gradually the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest. The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters , baths and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. The Roman city of Aquincum
Aquincum
is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary
Hungary
. The archaeological site was turned into a museum with inside and open-air sections.

The Magyar tribes
Magyar tribes
led by Árpád , forced out of their original homeland north of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
by Tsar Simeon after the Battle of Southern Buh , settled in the territory at the end of the 9th century displacing the founding Bulgarian settlers of the towns of Buda
Buda
and Pest, and a century later officially founded the Kingdom of Hungary . Research places the probable residence of the Árpáds as an early place of central power near what became Budapest. The Tatar invasion in the 13th century quickly proved that it is difficult to mount a defence on a plain. King Béla IV of Hungary
Hungary
therefore ordered the construction of reinforced stone walls around the towns and set his own royal palace on the top of the protecting hills of Buda. In 1361 it became the capital of Hungary.

The cultural role of Buda
Buda
was particularly significant during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus
Matthias Corvinus
. The Italian Renaissance had a great influence on the city. His library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana , was Europe's greatest collection of historical chronicles and philosophic and scientific works in the 15th century, and second only in size to the Vatican Library . After the foundation of the first Hungarian university in Pécs in 1367 ( University
University
of Pécs ), the second one was established in Óbuda in 1395 ( University
University
of Óbuda ). The first Hungarian book was printed in Buda
Buda
in 1473. Buda
Buda
had about 5,000 inhabitants around 1500. Retaking of Buda
Buda
from the Ottoman Empire, 1686 (19th-century painting)

The Ottomans conquered Buda
Buda
in 1526, as well in 1529, and finally occupied it in 1541. The Turkish Rule lasted for more than 140 years. The Turks Ottomans constructed many prominent bathing facilities within the city. Some of the baths that the Turks erected during their rule are still in use 500 years later ( Rudas Baths and Király Baths ). By 1547 the number of Christians was down to about a thousand, and by 1647 it had fallen to only about seventy. The unoccupied western part of the country became part of the Habsburg Empire as Royal Hungary
Hungary
.

In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda
Buda
, a renewed campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital. This time, the Holy League 's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German , Croat
Croat
, Dutch , Hungarian, English , Spanish , Czech , Italian , French , Burgundian , Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artillerymen , and officers. The Christian
Christian
forces plundered Buda, and in the next few years, all of the former Hungarian lands, except areas near Timișoara (Temesvár), were taken from the Turks. In the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz , these territorial changes were officially recognized to show the end of the rule of the Turks, and in 1718 the entire Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
was removed from Ottoman rule.

CONTEMPORARY HISTORY AFTER UNIFICATION

See also: Hungary
Hungary
during World War II
World War II
The Hungarian State Opera House , built in the time of Austria- Hungary
Hungary
Millennium Underground (1894–1896), the second oldest metro in the world (after the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
of the London Underground ) Bond of the City
City
of Budapest, issued 1. Mai 1911

The 19th century was dominated by the Hungarian struggle for independence and modernisation. The national insurrection against the Habsburgs began in the Hungarian capital in 1848 and was defeated one and a half years later, with the help of the Russian Empire. 1867 was the year of Reconciliation that brought about the birth of Austria- Hungary
Hungary
. This made Budapest
Budapest
the twin capital of a dual monarchy. It was this compromise which opened the second great phase of development in the history of Budapest
Budapest
, lasting until World
World
War I . In 1849 the Chain Bridge linking Buda
Buda
with Pest was opened as the first permanent bridge across the Danube
Danube
and in 1873 Buda
Buda
and Pest were officially merged with the third part, Óbuda (Ancient Buda), thus creating the new metropolis of Budapest. The dynamic Pest grew into the country's administrative, political, economic, trade and cultural hub. Ethnic Hungarians overtook Germans in the second half of the 19th century due to mass migration from the overpopulated rural Transdanubia and Great Hungarian Plain . Between 1851 and 1910 the proportion of Hungarians increased from 35.6% to 85.9%, Hungarian became the dominant language, and German was crowded out. The proportion of Jews peaked in 1900 with 23.6%. Due to the prosperity and the large Jewish
Jewish
community of the city at the start of the 20th century, Budapest
Budapest
was often called the " Jewish
Jewish
Mecca" or "Judapest". In 1918, Austria- Hungary
Hungary
lost the war and collapsed; Hungary
Hungary
declared itself an independent republic (Republic of Hungary
Hungary
). In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon partitioned the country, and as a result, Hungary lost over two-thirds of its territory, and about two-thirds of its inhabitants, including 3.3 million out of 15 million ethnic Hungarians.

In 1944, about one year before the end of World War II
World War II
, Budapest
Budapest
was partly destroyed by British and American air raids (first attack 4 April 1944 ). From 24 December 1944 to 13 February 1945, the city was besieged during the Battle of Budapest . Budapest
Budapest
suffered major damage caused by the attacking Soviet and Romanian troops and the defending German and Hungarian troops. More than 38,000 civilians lost their lives during the conflict. All bridges were destroyed by the Germans. The stone lions that have decorated the Chain Bridge since 1852 survived the devastation of the war.

Between 20% and 40% of Greater Budapest's 250,000 Jewish
Jewish
inhabitants died through Nazi and Arrow Cross Party
Arrow Cross Party
, during the Germany occupation of Hungary
Hungary
, from 1944 to early 1945.

Swiss diplomat Carl Lutz rescued tens of thousands of Jews by issuing Swiss protection papers and designating numerous buildings, including the now famous Glass House (Üvegház) at Vadász Street 29, to be Swiss protected territory. About 3,000 Hungarian Jews found refuge at the Glass House and in a neighboring building. Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg managed to save the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest
Budapest
by giving them Swedish protection papers and taking them under his consular protection. Wallenberg was abducted by the Russians on 17 January 1945 and never regained freedom. Some other diplomats also abandoned diplomatic protocol and rescued Jews. There are two monuments for Wallenberg and one for Carl Lutz in Budapest.

Following the liberation of Hungary
Hungary
from Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
by the Red Army , Soviet military occupation ensued, which ended only in 1991. The Soviets exerted significant influence on Hungarian political affairs. In 1949, Hungary
Hungary
was declared a communist People's Republic (People\'s Republic of Hungary
Hungary
). The new Communist government considered the buildings like the Buda
Buda
Castle symbols of the former regime, and during the 1950s the palace was gutted and all the interiors were destroyed (also see Stalin era ). On 23 October 1956 citizens held a large peaceful demonstration in Budapest
Budapest
demanding democratic reform. The demonstrators went to the Budapest
Budapest
radio station and demanded to publish their demands. The regime ordered troops to shoot into the crowd. Hungarian soldiers gave rifles to the demonstrators who were now able to capture the building. This initiated the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 . The demonstrators demanded to appoint Imre Nagy to be Prime Minister of Hungary
Hungary
. To their surprise, the central committee of the "Hungarian Working People\'s Party " did so that same evening. This uprising was an anti-Soviet revolt that lasted from 23 October until 11 November. After Nagy had declared that Hungary
Hungary
was to leave the Warsaw Pact and become neutral, Soviet tanks and troops entered the country to crush the revolt. Fighting continued until mid November, leaving more than 3000 dead. A monument was erected at the fiftieth anniversary of the revolt in 2006, at the edge of the City Park
Park
. Its shape is a wedge with a 56 angle degree made in rusted iron that gradually becomes shiny, ending in an intersection to symbolize Hungarian forces that temporarily eradicated the Communist leadership.

From the 1960s to the late 1980s Hungary
Hungary
was often satirically referred to as "the happiest barrack " within the Eastern bloc , and much of the wartime damage to the city was finally repaired. Work on Erzsébet Bridge , the last to be rebuilt, was finished in 1964. In the early 1970s, Budapest Metro 's East-West M2 line was first opened, followed by the M3 line in 1976. In 1987, Buda
Buda
Castle and the banks of the Danube
Danube
were included in the UNESCO
UNESCO
list of World Heritage Sites . Andrássy Avenue
Andrássy Avenue
(including the Millennium Underground Railway , Hősök tere
Hősök tere
, and Városliget ) was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
list in 2002. In the 1980s, the city's population reached 2.1 million. In recent times a significant decrease in population occurred mainly due to a massive movement to the neighbouring agglomeration in Pest county , i.e., suburbanisation.

In the last decades of the 20th century the political changes of 1989–90 ( Fall of the Iron Curtain ) concealed changes in civil society and along the streets of Budapest. The monuments of the dictatorship were removed from public places, into Memento Park . In the first 20 years of the new democracy, the development of the city was managed by its mayor, Gábor Demszky .

*

Aquincum
Aquincum
Museum ( Aquincum
Aquincum
was the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia
Pannonia
.) *

Tomb of Gül Baba *

Andrássy Avenue
Andrássy Avenue
(1875) *

Zeppelin above Budapest
Budapest
in 1931 *

Gresham Palace

GEOGRAPHY

TOPOGRAPHY

Satellite imagery
Satellite imagery
illustrating the core of the Budapest Metropolitan Area

Budapest, strategically placed at the centre of the Carpathian Basin , lies on an ancient route linking the hills of Transdanubia with the Great Plain . By road it is 216 kilometres (134 mi) south-east of Vienna
Vienna
, 545 kilometres (339 mi) south of Warsaw
Warsaw
, 1,565 kilometres (972 mi) south-west of Moscow
Moscow
, 1,122 kilometres (697 mi) north of Athens
Athens
, 788 kilometres (490 mi) north-east of Milan
Milan
, and 443 kilometres (275 mi) south-east of Prague
Prague
.

The 525 square kilometres (203 sq mi) area of Budapest
Budapest
lies in Central Hungary
Hungary
, surrounded by settlements of the agglomeration in Pest county. The capital extends 25 and 29 km (16 and 18 mi) in the north-south, east-west direction respectively. The Danube
Danube
enters the city from the north; later it encircles two islands, Óbuda Island and Margaret Island . The third island Csepel Island is the largest of the Budapest
Budapest
Danube
Danube
islands, however only its northernmost tip is within city limits. The river that separates the two parts of the city is 230 m (755 ft) wide at its narrowest point in Budapest. Pest lies on the flat terrain of the Great Plain while Buda
Buda
is rather hilly.

The wide Danube
Danube
was always fordable at this point because of a small number of islands in the middle of the river. The city has marked topographical contrasts: Buda
Buda
is built on the higher river terraces and hills of the western side, while the considerably larger Pest spreads out on a flat and featureless sand plain on the river's opposite bank. Pest's terrain rises with a slight eastward gradient, so the easternmost parts of the city lie at the same altitude as Buda's smallest hills, notably Gellért Hill
Gellért Hill
and Castle Hill.

The Buda
Buda
hills consist mainly of limestone and dolomite, the water created speleothems , the most famous ones being the Pálvölgyi cave (total length 7,200 m or 23,600 ft) and the Szemlőhegyi cave (total length 2,200 m or 7,200 ft). The hills were formed in the Triassic Period. The highest point of the hills and of Budapest
Budapest
is János hill, at 527 metres (1,729 feet) above sea level . The lowest point is the line of the Danube
Danube
which is 96 metres (315 feet) above sea level. Budapest
Budapest
is also rich in green areas. Of the 525 square kilometres (203 square miles) occupied by the city, 83 square kilometres (32 square miles) is green area, park and forest . The forests of Buda hills are environmentally protected.

The city's importance in terms of traffic is very central, because all major European roads and European railway lines lead to Budapest. The Danube
Danube
was and is still an important water-way and this region in the centre of the Carpathian Basin
Carpathian Basin
lies at the cross-roads of trade routes . Budapest
Budapest
is one of only two capital cities in the world which has thermal springs (the other being Reykjavík
Reykjavík
in Iceland). Some 125 springs produce 70 million litres (15,000,000 imperial gallons; 18,000,000 US gallons) of thermal water a day, with temperatures ranging up to 58 Celsius. Some of these waters have medicinal effects due to their medically valuable mineral contents.

CLIMATE

Main article: Climate of Budapest

Budapest
Budapest
has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb/Cfb), with relatively cold winters and warm summers. Winter (November until early March) can be cold and the city receives little sunshine. Snowfall is fairly frequent in most years, and nighttime temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) are not uncommon between mid-December and mid-February. The spring months (March and April) see variable conditions, with a rapid increase in the average temperature. The weather in late March and April is often very agreeable during the day and fresh at night. Budapest's long summer – lasting from May until mid-September – is warm or very warm. Budapest
Budapest
has as much summer sunshine as many Mediterranean resorts. Sudden heavy showers also occur, particularly in May and June. The autumn in Budapest (mid-September until late October) is characterised by little rain and long sunny days with moderate temperatures. Temperatures often turn abruptly colder in late October.

Mean annual precipitation in Budapest
Budapest
is around 23.5 inches (596.9 mm). On average, there are 78 days with precipitation and 1988 hours of sunshine (of a possible 4383) each year.

The city lies on the boundary between Zone 6 and Zone 7 in terms of the hardiness zone .

CLIMATE DATA FOR BUDAPEST, 1971–2000

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 18.1 (64.6) 19.7 (67.5) 25.4 (77.7) 30.2 (86.4) 34.0 (93.2) 39.5 (103.1) 40.7 (105.3) 39.4 (102.9) 35.2 (95.4) 30.8 (87.4) 22.6 (72.7) 19.3 (66.7) 40.7 (105.3)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 2.9 (37.2) 5.5 (41.9) 10.6 (51.1) 16.4 (61.5) 21.9 (71.4) 24.6 (76.3) 26.7 (80.1) 26.6 (79.9) 21.6 (70.9) 15.4 (59.7) 7.7 (45.9) 4.0 (39.2) 15.3 (59.5)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 0.4 (32.7) 2.3 (36.1) 6.1 (43) 12.0 (53.6) 16.6 (61.9) 19.7 (67.5) 21.5 (70.7) 21.2 (70.2) 16.9 (62.4) 11.8 (53.2) 5.4 (41.7) 1.8 (35.2) 11.3 (52.3)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −1.6 (29.1) 0.0 (32) 3.5 (38.3) 7.6 (45.7) 12.1 (53.8) 15.1 (59.2) 16.8 (62.2) 16.5 (61.7) 12.8 (55) 7.85 (46.13) 2.9 (37.2) 0.0 (32) 7.8 (46)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −25.6 (−14.1) −23.4 (−10.1) −15.1 (4.8) −4.6 (23.7) −1.6 (29.1) 3.0 (37.4) 5.9 (42.6) 5.0 (41) −3.1 (26.4) −9.5 (14.9) −16.4 (2.5) −20.8 (−5.4) −25.6 (−14.1)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 37 (1.46) 29 (1.14) 30 (1.18) 42 (1.65) 62 (2.44) 63 (2.48) 45 (1.77) 49 (1.93) 40 (1.57) 39 (1.54) 53 (2.09) 43 (1.69) 532 (20.94)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 7 6 6 6 8 8 7 6 5 5 7 7 78

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 79 74 66 59 61 61 59 61 67 72 78 80 68.1

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 62 93 137 177 234 250 271 255 187 141 69 52 1,988

Source: Hungarian Meteorological Service

ARCHITECTURE

See also: Category:Buildings and structures in Budapest
Budapest
Buda Castle at night viewed from Danube
Danube
Promenade The ruins of the civil town of Aquincum
Aquincum
and the Museum in Budapest
Budapest

Budapest
Budapest
has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the ancient times as Roman City
City
of Aquincum
Aquincum
in Óbuda (District III), which dates to around 89 AD, to the most modern Palace of Arts , the contemporary arts museum and concert hall.

Most buildings in Budapest
Budapest
are relatively low: in the early 2010s there were around 100 buildings higher than 45 metres (148 ft). The number of high-rise buildings is kept low by building legislation, which is aimed at preserving the historic cityscape and to meet the requirements of the World Heritage Site . Strong rules apply to the planning, authorisation and construction of high-rise buildings and consequently much of the inner city does not have any. Some planners would like see an easing of the rules for the construction of skyscrapers , and the possibility of building skyscrapers outside the city's historic core has been raised.

In the chronological order of architectural styles Budapest represents on the entire timeline. Start with the Roman City
City
of Aquincum
Aquincum
represents the ancient architecture . Matthias Church
Matthias Church
in Budapest, built in Gothic and Gothic revival style

The next determinative style is the Gothic architecture in Budapest. The few remaining ones can be found in the Castle District. Buildings to look for are no. 18, 20 and 22 on Országház Street, which date back to the 14th century and No. 31 Úri Street, which has a Gothic façade that dates back to the 15th century. Another building with Gothic remains is the Inner City
City
Parish Church in Pest, built in the 12th century. The most characteristic Gothic-style buildings are actually Neo-Gothic , like the most well-known Budapest
Budapest
landmarks , the Hungarian Parliament Building
Hungarian Parliament Building
and the Matthias Church
Matthias Church
, where much of the original material was used (originally built in Romanesque style in 1015).

The next chapter of the human architecture is the Renaissance architecture and one of the earliest places to be influenced by the Renaissance style of architecture was Hungary
Hungary
and Budapest. The style appeared following the marriage of King Matthias Corvinus
Matthias Corvinus
and Beatrice of Naples
Naples
in 1476. Many Italian artists, craftsmen and masons came to Buda
Buda
with the new queen. Today, many of the original renaissance buildings disappeared during the varied history of Buda, but Budapest is still rich in renaissance and neo-renaissance buildings, like the famous Hungarian State Opera House , the St. Stephen\'s Basilica and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences .

During the Turkish occupation (1541–1686), Islamic culture flourished in Budapest, multiple mosques and baths were built in the city. These were great examples of Ottoman architecture , which was influenced by Muslims from around the world not limited to Turkish, Iranian, Arabian and to a larger extent, Byzantine architecture
Byzantine architecture
as well as Islamic traditions. After Holy Army conquered Budapest
Budapest
they turned most of the mosques with Churches, Minarets were turned into bell towers and cathedral spires. At one point in time distinct sloping central square in Budapest
Budapest
became an bustling Oriental bazaar, which was filled with “the chatter of camel caravans on their way to Yemen and India”. Budapest
Budapest
is in fact one of the few places in the world with functioning original Turkish bathhouses dating back to the 16th century, like Rudas Baths or Király Baths
Király Baths
. Another little known fact is that Budapest
Budapest
is home to the northernmost place where a Tomb of an influential Islamic Turkish Sufi Dervish, the Tomb of Gül Baba , a dervis could be found . Various cultures converged in Hungary seemed to coalesce well with each other, as if all these different cultures and architecture styles are digested into Hungary’s own way of cultural blend. A precedent to show the city’s self-conscious is the top section of the city’s main square, currently named as Szechenyi . In medieval time. When Turks came to the city, they built Mosque here which was aggressively replaced with Gothic church of St. Bertalan. The rationale of reusing the base of the former Islamic building mosque and reconstruction into Gothic Church but Islamic style architecture over it is typically Islamic are still visible. An official term for the rationale is spolia . The mosque was called the djami of Pasha Gazi Kassim, and djami means mosque in Arabic. After Turks and Muslims were expelled and massacred from Budapest, the site was reoccupied by Christians and reformed into a church, the Inner City
City
Parish Church. The minaret and Turkish entranceway were removed. The shape of the architecture is its only hint of exotic past—“two surviving prayer niches facing Mecca and an ecumenical symbol atop its cupola: a cross rising above the Turkish crescent moon”. University
University
Church (Egyetemi templom), a well-preserved example of Baroque architecture in Budapest
Budapest
The most famous Budapest bridge , the Chain Bridge , the icon of the city's 19th century development, built in 1849.

After 1686, the Baroque architecture designated the dominant style of art in catholic countries from the 17th century to the 18th century. There are many Baroque-style buildings in Budapest
Budapest
and one of the finest examples of original Baroque-style architecture is the Church of St. Anna in Batthyhány square . An interesting part of Budapest
Budapest
is the less touristy Óbuda, the main square of which also has some beautiful historic buildings with original Baroque façades. The Castle District is another place to visit where the best-known landmark Buda
Buda
Royal Palace and many other buildings were built in the Baroque style.

The Classical architecture
Classical architecture
and Neoclassical architecture
Neoclassical architecture
are the next in the timeline. Budapest
Budapest
had not one but two architects that were masters of the Classicist style. Mihály Pollack (1773–1855) and József Hild (1789–1867), built many beautiful Classicist-style buildings in the city. Some of the best examples are the Hungarian National Museum , the Lutheran Church of Budavár (both designed by Pollack) and the seat of the Hungarian president , the Sándor Palace . The most iconic and widely known Classicist-style attraction in Budapest
Budapest
is the Chain Bridge. Budapest's two most beautiful Romantic architecture buildings are the Great Synagogue
Synagogue
in Dohány Street and the Vigadó Concert Hall on the Danube
Danube
Promenade , both designed by architect Frigyes Feszl (1821–1884). Another noteworthy structure is the Budapest
Budapest
Western Railway
Railway
Station , which was designed by August de Serres and built by the Eiffel Company of Paris
Paris
in 1877. The Hungarian Parliament , completed in 1904.

Art
Art
Nouveau came into fashion in Budapest
Budapest
by the exhibitions which were held in and around 1896 and organised in connection with the Hungarian Millennium celebrations. Art
Art
Nouveau in Hungary (Szecesszió in Hungarian) is a blend of several architectural styles, with a focus on Hungary's specialities. One of the leading Art
Art
Nouveau architects, Ödön Lechner (1845–1914), was inspired by Indian and Syrian architecture as well as traditional Hungarian decorative designs. One of his most beautiful buildings in Budapest
Budapest
is the Museum of Applied Arts . Another examples for Art
Art
Nouveau in Budapest
Budapest
is the Gresham Palace in front of the Chain Bridge, the Hotel Gellért , the Franz Liszt Academy of Music or Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden .

The second half of the 20th century also saw, under the communist regime, the construction of blocks of flats (panelház ), as in other Eastern European countries. In the 21st century, Budapest
Budapest
faces new challenges in its architecture. The pressure towards the high-rise buildings is unequivocal among today's world cities, but preserving Budapest's unique cityscape and its very diverse architecture, along with green areas, is force Budapest
Budapest
to balance between them. The Contemporary architecture has wide margin in the city. Public spaces attract heavy investment by business and government also, so that the city has gained entirely new (or renovated and redesigned) squares, parks and monuments, for example the city central Kossuth Lajos square , Deák Ferenc square and Liberty Square . Budapest's current urban landscape is one of the modern and contemporary architecture. Numerous landmarks are created in the last decade in Budapest, like the National Theatre , Palace of Arts, Rákóczi Bridge , Megyeri Bridge , Budapest
Budapest
Airport Sky Court
Court
among others, and millions of square meters of new office buildings and apartments . But there are still large opportunities in real estate development in the city.

DISTRICTS

Main article: List of districts in Budapest

BUDAPEST\'S TWENTY-THREE DISTRICTS OVERVIEW

ADMINISTRATION POPULATION AREA AND DENSITY

District Official name Official 2013 Km2 People/km2

I Várkerület 24.528 3,41 7.233

II Rózsadomb
Rózsadomb
88.011 36,34 2.426

III Óbuda- Békásmegyer 123.889 39,69 3.117

IV Újpest 99.050 18,82 5.227

V Belváros-Lipótváros 27.342 2,59 10.534

VI Terézváros
Terézváros
43.377 2,38 18.226

VII Erzsébetváros
Erzsébetváros
64.767 2,09 30.989

VIII Józsefváros
Józsefváros
85.173 6,85 11.890

IX Ferencváros
Ferencváros
63.697 12,53 4.859

X Kőbánya
Kőbánya
81.475 32,5 2.414

XI Újbuda
Újbuda
145.510 33,47 4.313

XII Hegyvidék
Hegyvidék
55.776 26,67 2.109

XIII (no official name) 118.320 13,44 8.804

XIV Zugló
Zugló
123.786 18,15 6.820

XV Rákospalota, Pestújhely, Újpalota 79.779 26,95 2.988

XVI (no official name) 68.235 33,52 2.037

XVII Rákosmente 78.537 54,83 1.418

XVIII Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre 94.663 38,61 2.414

XIX Kispest 62.210 9,38 6.551

XX Pesterzsébet 63.887 12,18 5.198

XXI Csepel 76.976 25,75 2.963

XXII Budafok-Tétény 51.071 34,25 1.473

XXIII Soroksár
Soroksár
19.982 40,78 501

CITY OF BUDAPEST 1.740.041 525,2 3.314,9

State of Hungary
Hungary
9.937.628 93.030 107,2

Source: Eurostat
Eurostat
, HSCO

Most of today's Budapest
Budapest
is the result of a late-nineteenth-century renovation, but the wide boulevards lain then only bordered and bisected much older quarters of activity created by centuries of Budapest's city evolution. Budapest's vast urban area is often described using a set of district names. These are either informal designations, reflect the names of villages that have been absorbed by sprawl, or are superseded administrative units of former boroughs. Such names have remained in use through tradition, each referring to a local area with its own distinctive character, but without official boundaries. Originally Budapest
Budapest
had 10 districts after coming into existence upon the unification of the three cities in 1873. Since 1950, Greater Budapest has been divided into 22 boroughs (and 23 since 1994). At that time there were changes both in the order of districts and in their sizes. The city now consists of 23 districts, 6 in Buda, 16 in Pest and 1 on Csepel Island between them. The city centre itself in a broader sense comprises the District V, VI, VII, VIII, IX and XIII on the Pest side, and the I, II, XI and XII on the Buda
Buda
side of the city.

District I is a small area in central Buda, including the historic Buda
Buda
Castle. District II is in Buda
Buda
again, in the northwest, and District III stretches along in the northernmost part of Buda. To reach District IV, one must cross the Danube
Danube
to find it in Pest (the eastern side), also at north. With District V, another circle begins, it is located in the absolute centre of Pest. Districts VI, VII, VIII and IX are the neighbouring areas to the east, going southwards, one after the other. District X is another, more external circle also in Pest, while one must jump to the Buda
Buda
side again to find Districts XI and XII, going northwards. No more districts remaining in Buda
Buda
in this circle, we must turn our steps to Pest again to find Districts XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX and XX (mostly external city parts), almost regularly in a semicircle, going southwards again. District XXI is the extension of the above route over a branch of the Danube, the northern tip of a long island south from Budapest. District XXII is still on the same route in southwest Buda, and finally District XXIII is again in southernmost Pest, irregular only because it was part of District XX until 1994.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Main article: Demographics of Budapest

BUDAPEST COMPARED TO HUNGARY AND EU

BUDAPEST HUNGARY EUROPEAN UNION

TOTAL POPULATION 1,740,041 9,937,628 507,890,191

POPULATION CHANGE, 2004 TO 2014 +2.7% −1.6% +2.2%

POPULATION DENSITY 3,314 /km2 107 /km2 116 /km2

GDP
GDP
PER CAPITA PPP 52,770 $ 28,965 $ 33,084 $

BACHELOR\\'S DEGREE OR HIGHER 34.1% 19.0% 27.1%

FOREIGN BORN 7.3% 1.7% 6.3%

LARGEST GROUPS OF FOREIGN RESIDENTS

NATIONALITY POPULATION (2011)

Germany
Germany
18,278

Romania
Romania
6,189

China
China
4,692

Russia
Russia
3,124

Slovakia
Slovakia
2,581

Vietnam
Vietnam
2,518

Poland
Poland
2,252

Greece
Greece
2,041

Sweden
Sweden
2.000

HISTORICAL POPULATION

YEAR POP. ±%

1784 57,100 —

1870 302,086 +429.0%

1880 402,706 +33.3%

1890 560,079 +39.1%

1900 861,434 +53.8%

1910 1,110,453 +28.9%

1920 1,232,026 +10.9%

1930 1,442,869 +17.1%

1940 1,712,791 +18.7%

1950 1,590,316 −7.2%

1960 1,804,606 +13.5%

1970 1,945,083 +7.8%

1980 2,059,226 +5.9%

1990 2,016,681 −2.1%

2000 1,777,921 −11.8%

2005 1,697,343 −4.5%

2010 1,721,556 +1.4%

2016 1,764,263 +2.5%

2021? 1,790,000 +1.5%

Population 2001 to 2014 Present-territory of Budapest
Budapest

Budapest
Budapest
is the most populous city in Hungary
Hungary
and one of the largest cities in the European Union
European Union
, with a growing number of inhabitants, estimated at 1,742,000 in 2014, whereby inward migration exceeds outward migration. These trends are also seen throughout the Budapest metropolitan area , which is home to 3.3 million people. This amounts to about 34% of Hungary's population. In 2014, the city had a population density of 3,314 people per square kilometre (8,580/sq mi), rendering it the most densely populated of all municipalities in Hungary. The population density of Elisabethtown-District VII is 30,989/km² (80,260/sq mi), which is the highest population density figure in Hungary
Hungary
and one of the highest in the world , for comparison the density in Manhattan
Manhattan
is 25,846/km².

Budapest
Budapest
is the fourth most "dynamically growing city" by population in Europe
Europe
, and the Euromonitor predicts a population increase of almost 10% between 2005 and 2030. The European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion says Budapest's population will increase by 10% to 30% only due to migration by 2050. A constant inflow of migrants in recent years has fuelled population growth in Budapest. Productivity gains and the relatively large economically active share of the population explain why household incomes have increased in Budapest
Budapest
to a greater extent than in other parts of Hungary. Higher incomes in Budapest
Budapest
are reflected in the lower share of expenditure the city's inhabitants allocate to necessity spending such as food and non-alcoholic drinks.

At the 2011 census, there were 1,729,040 people with 906,782 households living in Budapest. Some 1.6 million persons from the metropolitan area may be within Budapest's boundaries during work hours, and during special events. This fluctuation of people is caused by hundreds of thousands of suburban residents who travel to the city for work, education, health care, and special events. By ethnicity there were 1,397,851 (80.8%) Hungarians , 19,530 (1.1%) Romani , 18,278 (1.0%) Germans, 6,189 (0.4%) Romanians , 4,692 (0.3%) Chinese and 2,581 (0.1%) Slovaks
Slovaks
. 301,943 people (17.5%) did not declare their ethnicity. In Hungary
Hungary
people can declare more than one ethnicity, so the sum of ethnicities is higher than the total population. The city is home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe.

According to the same census, 1,600,585 people (92.6%) were born in Hungary, 126,036 people (7.3%) outside Hungary
Hungary
while the birthplace of 2,419 people (0.1%) was unknown. Although only 1.7% of the population of Hungary
Hungary
in 2009 were foreigners, 43% of them lived in Budapest, making them 4.4% of the city's population (up from 2% in 2001). Nearly two-thirds of foreigners living in Hungary
Hungary
were under 40 years old. The primary motivation for this age group living in Hungary
Hungary
was employment. According to the 2011 census, 1,712,153 people (99.0%) speak Hungarian , of whom 1,692,815 people (97.9%) speak it as a first language , while 19,338 people (1.1%) speak it as a second language . Other spoken (foreign) languages were: English (536,855 speakers, 31.0%), German (266,249 speakers, 15.4%), French (56,208 speakers, 3.3%) and Russian (54,613 speakers, 3.2%).

Budapest
Budapest
is home to one of the most populous Christian
Christian
communities in Central Europe
Europe
, numbering 698,521 people (40.4%) in 2011. According to the 2011 census, there were 501,117 (29.0%) Roman Catholics , 146,756 (8.5%) Calvinists , 30,293 (1.8%) Lutherans , 16,192 (0.9%) Greek Catholics , 7,925 (0.5%) Jews and 3,710 (0.2%) Orthodox in Budapest. 395,964 people (22.9%) were irreligious while 585,475 people (33.9%) did not declare their religion. A Hungarian Central Statistical Office report showed that also, the proportion of Romani in Budapest
Budapest
increased from 2% in 1990 to 4.6% in 2009.

ECONOMY

Further information: List of companies based in Budapest and Economy of Hungary
Hungary
Danube
Danube
towers in Budapest's central business district , base for MetLife
MetLife
, IBM
IBM
, Huawei
Huawei
, OTP Bank or Banif Financial Group
Banif Financial Group
MOL Group
MOL Group
solar powered filling station in Budapest, it is the second most valuable company in Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
Research and development
Research and development
centre of Gedeon Richter Plc. in Budapest
Budapest
Budapest Stock Exchange landmark building, it was used for trading before the exchange moved to a modern office next to it at Liberty Square

Budapest
Budapest
is a significant economic hub, classified as an Alpha- world city in the study by the Globalization and World
World
Cities Research Network and it is the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe
Europe
as GDP
GDP
per capita in the city increased by 2.4 per cent and employment by 4.7 per cent compared to the previous year in 2014. On national level, Budapest
Budapest
is the primate city of Hungary
Hungary
regarding business and economy, accounting for 39% of the national income, the city has a gross metropolitan product more than $100 billion in 2015, making it one of the largest regional economy in the European Union. According to the Eurostat
Eurostat
GDP
GDP
per capita in purchasing power parity is 147% of the EU average in Budapest, which means €37.632 ($52.770) per capita. Budapest
Budapest
is also among the Top100 GDP
GDP
performing cities in the world, measured by PricewaterhouseCoopers
PricewaterhouseCoopers
. The city was named as the 52nd most important business centre in the world in the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index , ahead of Beijing
Beijing
, Warsaw, Sao Paulo or Shenzhen and ranking 3rd (out of 65 cities) on MasterCard Emerging Markets Index . The city is 48th on the UBS
UBS
The most expensive and richest cities in the world list, standing before cities such as Prague, Shanghai
Shanghai
, Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
or Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
. In a global city competitiveness ranking by EIU , Budapest
Budapest
is stands before Tel Aviv , Lisbon
Lisbon
, Moscow
Moscow
and Johannesburg
Johannesburg
among others.

The city is a major centre for banking and finance , real estate , retailing, trade, transportation, tourism, new media as well as traditional media , advertising , legal services , accountancy , insurance , fashion and the arts in Hungary
Hungary
and regionally. Budapest is home not only to almost all national institutions and government agencies, but also to many domestic and international companies, in 2014 there are 395.804 companies registered in the city. Most of these entities are headquartered in the Budapest's Central Business District , in the District V and District XIII . The retail market of the city (and the country) is also concentrated in the downtown, among others through the two largest shopping centre in Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
, the 186,000sqm WestEnd City Center and the 180,000sqm Arena Plaza .

Budapest
Budapest
has notable innovation capabilities as a technology and start-up hub, many start-ups are headquartered and begin its business in the city, for instance deserve to mention the most well-known Prezi , LogMeIn or Nav N Go . Budapest
Budapest
is the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities' Top 100 index. A good indicator of the city's potential for innovation and research also, is that the European Institute of Innovation and Technology chose Budapest
Budapest
for its headquarters, along with the UN , which Regional Representation for Central Europe
Europe
office is in the city, responsible for UN operations in seven countries. Moreover, the global aspect of the city's research activity is shown through the establishment of the European Chinese Research Institute in the city. Other important sectors include also, as natural science research, information technology and medical research, non-profit institutions, and universities. The leading business schools and universities in Budapest, the Budapest Business School , the CEU Business School and Corvinus University of Budapest offers a whole range of courses in economics , finance and management in English, French, German and Hungarian. The unemployment rate is far the lowest in Budapest
Budapest
within Hungary, it was 2.7%, besides the many thousands of employed foreign citizens.

Budapest
Budapest
is among the 25 most visited cities in the world, the city welcoming more than 4.4 million international visitors each year, therefore the traditional and the congress tourism industry also deserve a mention, it contributes greatly to the city's economy. The capital being home to many convention centre and thousands of restaurants, bars, coffee houses and party places, besides the full assortment of hotels. In restaurant offerings can be found the highest quality Michelin-starred restaurants, like Onyx, Costes, Tanti or Borkonyha. The city ranked as the most liveable city in Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
on EIU's quality of life index in 2010.

FINANCE AND CORPORATE LOCATION

Budapest Stock Exchange , key institution of the publicly offered securities in Hungary
Hungary
and Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
is situated in Budapest's CBD at Liberty Square . BSE also trades other securities such as government bonds and derivatives such as stock options . Large Hungarian multinational corporations headquartered in Budapest
Budapest
are listed on BSE, for instance the Fortune Global 500 firm MOL Group
MOL Group
, the OTP Bank , FHB Bank , Gedeon Richter Plc. , Magyar Telekom
Magyar Telekom
, CIG Pannonia
Pannonia
, Zwack Unicum and more. Nowadays nearly all branches of industry can be found in Budapest, there is no particularly special industry in the city's economy, but the financial centre role of the city is strong, nearly 40 major banks are presented in the city, also those like Bank of China
China
, KDB Bank and Hanwha Bank, which is unique in the region.

Also support the financial industry of Budapest, the firms of international banks and financial service providers, such as Citigroup , Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley
, GE Capital
GE Capital
, Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank
, Sberbank , ING Group , Allianz
Allianz
, KBC Group , UniCredit
UniCredit
and MSCI among others. Another particularly strong industry in the capital city is biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry , these are also traditionally strong in Budapest, through domestic companies, as Egis, Gedeon Richter, Chinoin and through international biotechnology corporations, like Pfizer
Pfizer
, Teva , Novartis
Novartis
, Sanofi
Sanofi
, who are also has R"> United Nations conference in the assembly hall of House of Magnates
House of Magnates
The original and the future seat of The Curia, the highest court in Hungary
Hungary
President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
meets with Hungarian President László Sólyom at Sándor Palace
Sándor Palace
in Budapest.

As the capital of Hungary, Budapest
Budapest
is the seat of the country's national government . For the executive, the two chief officers each have their own official residences, which also serve as their offices. The President of Hungary
Hungary
resides at the Sándor Palace
Sándor Palace
in the District I ( Buda
Buda
Castle District), while the office of the Hungarian Prime Minister is in the Hungarian Parliament. Government ministries are all located in various parts of the city, most of them are in the District V, Leopoldtown . The National Assembly is seated in the Hungarian Parliament, which also located in the District V. The President of the National Assembly , the third-highest public official in Hungary, is also seated in the largest building in the country, in the Hungarian Parliament.

Hungary's highest courts are located in Budapest. The Curia (supreme court of Hungary), the highest court in the judicial order, which reviews criminal and civil cases, is located in the District V, Leopoldtown. Under the authority of its President it has three departments: criminal, civil and administrative-labour law departments. Each department has various chambers. The Curia guarantees the uniform application of law . The decisions of the Curia on uniform jurisdiction are binding for other courts. The second most important judicial authority, the National Judicial Council, is also housed in the District V, with the tasks of controlling the financial management of the judicial administration and the courts and giving an opinion on the practice of the president of the National Office for the Judiciary and the Curia deciding about the applications of judges and court leaders, among others. The Constitutional Court
Court
of Hungary is one of the highest level actors independent of the politics in the country. The Constitutional Court
Court
serves as the main body for the protection of the Constitution , its tasks being the review of the constitutionality of statutes. The Constitutional Court
Court
performs its tasks independently. With its own budget and its judges being elected by Parliament it does not constitute a part of the ordinary judicial system. The constitutional court passes on the constitutionality of laws, and there is no right of appeal on these decisions.

Budapest
Budapest
hosts the main and regional headquarters of many international organizations as well, including United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees , Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
United Nations
, European Institute of Innovation and Technology, European Police Academy , International Centre for Democratic Transition , Institute of International Education
Institute of International Education
, International Labour Organization , International Organization for Migration
International Organization for Migration
, International Red Cross , Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
, Danube
Danube
Commission and even others. The city is also home to more than 100 embassies and representative bodies as an international political actor.

Environmental issues have a high priority among Budapest's politics. Institutions such as the Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, located in Budapest, are very important assets. To decrease the use of cars and greenhouse gas emissions, the city has worked to improve public transportation, and nowadays the city has one of the highest mass transit usage in Europe. Budapest
Budapest
has one of the best public transport systems in Europe
Europe
with an efficient network of buses, trolleys , trams and subway . Budapest
Budapest
has an above-average proportion of people commuting on public transport or walking and cycling for European cities. Riding on bike paths is one of the best ways to see Budapest
Budapest
– there are currently about 180 kilometres (110 miles) of bicycle paths in the city, fitting into the EuroVelo system.

Crime in Budapest
Budapest
investigated by different bodies. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime notes in their 2011 Global Study on Homicide that, according to criminal justice sources, the homicide rate in Hungary, calculated based on UN population estimates, was 1.4 in 2009, compared to Canada's rate of 1.8 that same year. The homicide rate in Budapest
Budapest
is below the EU capital cities’ average according to WHO also. However, the organised crime is associated with the city, the Institute of Defence in a UN study named Budapest
Budapest
as the "global epicentres" of illegal pornography, money laundering and contraband tobacco, and also the negotiation center for international crime group leaders.

CITY GOVERNANCE

See also: Mayor of Budapest
Mayor of Budapest
, Lord Mayor of Budapest
Mayor of Budapest
, and General Assembly of Budapest
Budapest

CURRENT COMPOSITION OF THE 33 SEATS IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

FIDESZ – HUNGARIAN CIVIC UNION 19 seats + Mayor of Budapest
Mayor of Budapest
(60,6%)

HUNGARIAN SOCIALIST PARTY 6 seats (15,2%)

TOGETHER 2014 2 seats (6,1%)

DEMOCRATIC COALITION 2 seats (6,1%)

POLITICS CAN BE DIFFERENT 1 seats (3,0%)

JOBBIK 1 seats (3,0%)

INDEPENDENT 1 seats (3,0%)

Budapest
Budapest
has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government since its consolidation in 1873, but Budapest
Budapest
also holds a special status as a county-level government, and also special within that, as holds a capital-city territory status. In Budapest, the central government is responsible for the urban planning , statutory planning , public transport, housing , waste management , municipal taxes, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, among others. The Mayor is responsible for all city services, police and fire protection, enforcement of all city and state laws within the city, and administration of public property and most public agencies. Besides, each of Budapest' twenty-three districts has its own town hall and a directly elected council and the directly elected mayor of district.

István Tarlós
István Tarlós
, the current Mayor was re-elected mayor for another 5-year term on the 2014 local elections , he received 49.06% of the votes. He is an independent (but supported by Fidesz ) who assumed the office first on 3 October 2010. The composition of the 33 seats in the Budapest
Budapest
General Assembly after the 2014 elections is in the table. The mayor and members of General Assembly are elected to five-year terms.

The Budapest
Budapest
General Assembly is a unicameral body consisting of 33 members, which consist of the 23 mayors of the districts, 9 from the electoral lists of political parties, plus Mayor of Budapest
Mayor of Budapest
(the Mayor is elected directly). Each term for the mayor and assembly members lasts five years. Submitting the budget of Budapest
Budapest
is the responsibility of the Mayor and the deputy-mayor in charge of finance. The latest, 2014 budget was approved with 18 supporting votes from ruling Fidesz and 14 votes against by the opposition lawmakers.

MAIN SIGHTS AND TOURISM

See also: List of sights and historic places in Budapest , Category:Tourist attractions in Budapest
Budapest
, and sights of Budapest
Budapest
by districts

BUDAPEST Budapest
Budapest

UNESCO
UNESCO
WORLD HERITAGE SITE

LOCATION Central Hungary
Hungary
, Hungary
Hungary

COORDINATES 47°29′54″N 19°02′27″E / 47.4983°N 19.0408°E / 47.4983; 19.0408

AREA 525.2 km2 (5.653×109 sq ft)

CRITERIA i, ii, iv

REFERENCE 400

INSCRIPTION 1987 (11th Session )

WEBSITE budapest.hu

Location of Budapest
Budapest

Interior of Gerbeaud Café Boscolo Budapest Hotel , café in the ground floor, a 107 room hotel above

The neo-Gothic Parliament, the biggest building in Hungary
Hungary
with its 268 metres (879 ft) length, containing amongst other things the Hungarian Crown Jewels . Saint Stephen\'s Basilica , where the Holy Right Hand of the founder of Hungary, King Saint Stephen is on display. The Hungarian cuisine and café culture: for example, Gerbeaud Café , and the Százéves, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabárdos, Arany Szarvas, Kárpátia and the world-famous Mátyás Pince Restaurants. There are Roman remains at the Aquincum
Aquincum
Museum , and historic furniture at the Nagytétény Castle Museum , just 2 out of 223 museums in Budapest. Another historical museum is the House of Terror , hosted in the building that was the venue of the Nazi Headquarters . The Castle Hill, the River Danube
Danube
embankments and the whole of Andrássy út
Andrássy út
have been officially recognized as UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Sites .

Castle Hill and the Castle District ; there are three churches here, six museums, and a host of interesting buildings, streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary
Hungary
– and has been the scene of battles and wars ever since the 13th century. Nowadays it houses two impressive museums and the National Széchenyi Library . The nearby Sándor Palace
Sándor Palace
contains the offices and official residence of the President of Hungary
Hungary
. The seven-hundred-year-old Matthias Church
Matthias Church
is one of the jewels of Budapest, it is in neo-Gothic style, decorated with coloured shingles and elegant pinnacles. Next to it is an equestrian statue of the first king of Hungary, King Saint Stephen, and behind that is the Fisherman\'s Bastion , built in 1905 by the architect Frigyes Schulek , the Fishermen's Bastions owes its name to the namesake corporation that during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
was responsible of the defence of this part of ramparts, from where opens out a panoramic view of the whole city. Statues of the Turul , the mythical guardian bird of Hungary, can be found in both the Castle District and the Twelfth District . Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall , Prince Charles and Chief Rabbi Róbert Frölich in the Dohány Street Synagogue
Synagogue
, is the largest synagogue in Europe
Europe

In Pest, arguably the most important sight is Andrássy út. This Avenue is an elegant 2.5 kilometres (2 miles) long tree-lined street that covers the distance from Deák Ferenc tér to the Heroes Square. On this Avenue overlook many important sites. It is a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site . As far as Kodály körönd and Oktogon both sides are lined with large shops and flats built close together. Between there and Heroes' Square the houses are detached and altogether grander. Under the whole runs continental Europe's oldest Underground railway, most of whose stations retain their original appearance. Heroes' Square is dominated by the Millenary Monument , with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in front. To the sides are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Kunsthalle Budapest , and behind City
City
Park
Park
opens out, with Vajdahunyad Castle . One of the jewels of Andrássy út
Andrássy út
is the Hungarian State Opera House. Statue Park
Park
, a theme park with striking statues of the Communist era , is located just outside the main city and is accessible by public transport.

The Dohány Street Synagogue
Dohány Street Synagogue
is the largest synagogue in Europe, and the second largest active synagogue in the world. The synagogue is located in the Jewish
Jewish
district taking up several blocks in central Budapest
Budapest
bordered by Király utca, Wesselényi utca, Grand Boulevard and Bajcsy Zsilinszky road. It was built in moorish revival style in 1859 and has a seating capacity of 3,000. Adjacent to it is a sculpture reproducing a weeping willow tree in steel to commemorate the Hungarian victims of the Holocaust .

The city is also home to the largest medicinal bath in Europe ( Széchenyi Medicinal Bath
Széchenyi Medicinal Bath
) and the third largest Parliament building in the world , once the largest in the world. Other attractions are the bridges of the capital . Seven bridges provide crossings over the Danube, and from north to south are: the Árpád Bridge (built in 1950 at the north of Margaret Island); the Margaret Bridge (built in 1901, destroyed during the war by an explosion and then rebuilt in 1948); the Chain Bridge (built in 1849, destroyed during World War II
World War II
and the rebuilt in 1949); the Elisabeth Bridge (completed in 1903 and dedicated to the murdered Queen Elisabeth , it was destroyed by the Germans during the war and rebuilt in 1964); the Liberty Bridge (opened in 1896 and rebuilt in 1989 in Art
Art
Nouveau style); the Petőfi Bridge (completed in 1937, destroyed during the war and rebuilt in 1952); the Rákóczi Bridge (completed in 1995). Most remarkable for their beauty are the Margaret bridge, the Chain bridge and the Liberty bridge. The world's largest panorama photograph was created in (and of) Budapest
Budapest
in 2010.

Tourists visiting Budapest
Budapest
can receive free maps and information from the nonprofit Budapest
Budapest
Festival and Tourism Center at its info-points. The info centers also offer the Budapest
Budapest
Card which allows free public transit and discounts for several museums, restaurants and other places of interest. Cards are available for 24-, 48- or 72-hour durations. The city is also well known for its ruin bars both day and night.

PARKS AND GARDENS

See also: Category:Parks in Budapest
Budapest
. City
City
Park
Park
Lake, largest in the city

Budapest
Budapest
has many municipal parks and most have playgrounds for children and seasonal activities like skating in the winter and boating in the summer. Access from the city center is quick and easy with the Millennium Underground . Budapest
Budapest
has a complex park system, with various lands operated by the Budapest
Budapest
City
City
Gardening Ltd. The wealth of greenspace afforded by Budapest's parks is further augmented, a network of open spaces containing forest, streams, and lakes that are set aside as natural areas which lie along not for from inner city, among others the Budapest
Budapest
Zoo and Botanical Garden (established in 1866) in the City
City
Park. The most notably and popular parks in Budapest
Budapest
are the City
City
Park
Park
which were established in 1751 (302 acres) along with Andrássy Avenue, the Margaret Island in the Danube
Danube
(238 acres or 96 hectares), the People\'s Park
Park
and the Kopaszi Dam.

The Buda
Buda
Hills also offer a variety of adventurous outdoor activities, along with some spectacular views. A popular place frequented by locals is Normafa, offering activities for all seasons. With a modest ski run, it is also a winter favorite for skiers and snow boarders if there is enough snowfall.

ISLANDS

Park
Park
on Margaret Island Aerial panorama with the Margaret Island

Seven islands can be found on the Danube: Shipyard Island, Margaret Island, Csepel Island, Palotai-sziget (now a peninsula), Népsziget, Háros-sziget, and Molnár-sziget. Notable islands include:

* Margaret Island is a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long island and 0.965 square kilometres (238 acres) in area. The island mostly consists of a park and is a popular recreational area for tourists and locals alike. The island lies between bridges Margaret Bridge (south) and Árpád Bridge (north). Dance
Dance
clubs, swimming pools , an aqua park , athletic and fitness centres, bicycle and running tracks can be found around the Island. During the day the island is occupied by people doing sports, or just resting. In the summer (generally on the weekends) mostly young people go to the island at night to party on its terraces, or to recreate with a bottle of alcohol on a bench or on the grass (this form of entertainment is sometimes referred to as bench-partying). * Csepel Island (Csepel-sziget, Hungarian pronunciation: ) is the largest island of the River Danube
Danube
in Hungary. It is 48 km (30 mi) long; its width is 6 to 8 km (4 to 5 mi) and its area comprises 257 km2 (99 sq mi), whereas only the northern tip is inside the city limits. * Hajógyári-sziget ( , or Óbudai-sziget) is a man-made island located in the third district. This island hosts many activities such as: wake-boarding, jet-skiing during the day, and dance clubs during the night. This is the island where the famous Sziget Festival takes place, hosting hundreds of performances per year and now around 400,000 visitors in its last edition. Many building projects are taking place to make this island into one of the biggest entertainment centres of Europe. The plan is to build apartment buildings , hotels, casinos and a marina. * Luppa-sziget is the smallest island of Budapest
Budapest
and is located in the northern region of the city. * Rock of Ínség can be found in the river Danube
Danube
under the Gellért mountain. It can be seen only during a drought period when the river level is very low.

SPAS

Széchenyi Thermal Bath in City
City
Park
Park

One of the reasons the Romans first colonised the area immediately to the west of the River Danube
Danube
and established their regional capital at Aquincum
Aquincum
(now part of Óbuda, in northern Budapest) is so that they could utilise and enjoy the thermal springs. There are still ruins visible today of the enormous baths that were built during that period. The new baths that were constructed during the Turkish period (1541–1686) served both bathing and medicinal purposes, and some of these are still in use to this day. Budapest
Budapest
gained its reputation as a city of spas in the 1920s, following the first realisation of the economic potential of the thermal waters in drawing in visitors. Indeed, in 1934 Budapest
Budapest
was officially ranked as a " City
City
of Spas". Today, the baths are mostly frequented by the older generation, as, with the exception of the "Magic Bath" and "Cinetrip" water discos, young people tend to prefer the lidos which are open in the summer. Construction of the Király Baths
Király Baths
started in 1565, and most of the present-day building dates from the Turkish period, including most notably the fine cupola-topped pool. The Rudas Baths are centrally placed – in the narrow strip of land between Gellért Hill
Gellért Hill
and the River Danube
Danube
– and also an outstanding example of architecture dating from the Turkish period. The central feature is an octagonal pool over which light shines from a 10 metres (33 ft) diameter cupola, supported by eight pillars. The Gellért Baths and Hotel were built in 1918, although there had once been Turkish baths on the site, and in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
a hospital. In 1927, the Baths were extended to include the wave pool, and the effervescent bath was added in 1934. The well-preserved Art
Art
Nouveau interior includes colourful mosaics, marble columns, stained glass windows and statues. The Lukács Baths are also in Buda
Buda
and are also Turkish in origin, although they were only revived at the end of the 19th century. This was also when the spa and treatment centre were founded. There is still something of an atmosphere of fin-de-siècle about the place, and all around the inner courtyard there are marble tablets recalling the thanks of patrons who were cured there. Since the 1950s it has been regarded as a centre for intellectuals and artists.

The Széchenyi Baths are one of the largest bathing complexes in all Europe, and the only "old" medicinal baths to be found in the Pest side of the city. The indoor medicinal baths date from 1913 and the outdoor pools from 1927. There is an atmosphere of grandeur about the whole place with the bright, largest pools resembling aspects associated with Roman baths, the smaller bath tubs reminding one of the bathing culture of the Greeks, and the saunas and diving pools borrowed from traditions emanating in northern Europe. The three outdoor pools (one of which is a fun pool) are open all year, including winter. Indoors there are over ten separate pools, and a whole host of medical treatments is also available. The Szécheny Baths are built in modern Renaissance style.

INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRANSPORTATION

AIRPORT

Main article: Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport Budapest
Budapest
International Airport arrivals and departures lounge between terminal 2A and 2B, named Sky Court
Court

Budapest
Budapest
is served by Budapest
Budapest
Ferenc Liszt International Airport (BUD) (named after Franz Liszt , the notable Hungarian composer), one of the busiest airports in Central and Eastern Europe
Europe
, located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east-southeast of the centre of Budapest, in the District XVIII . The airport offers international connections among all major European cities, and also to North America
North America
, Africa
Africa
and the Middle East
Middle East
. As Hungary's busiest airport, handles nearly all of the country's air passenger traffic. Budapest
Budapest
Liszt Ferenc handled around 250 scheduled flights daily in 2013, and an ever-rising number of charters . London
London
, Brussels
Brussels
, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
, Munich
Munich
, Paris, and Amsterdam
Amsterdam
are the busiest international connections respectively, while Toronto
Toronto
, Montreal
Montreal
, Dubai
Dubai
, Doha
Doha
and Alicante
Alicante
are the most unusual in the region. Today the airport serves as a base for Ryanair , Wizz Air , Budapest Aircraft Service , CityLine Hungary
Hungary
, Farnair Hungary
Hungary
and Travel Service Hungary
Hungary
among others. The airport is accessible via public transportation from the city centre by the Metro line 3 and then the airport bus No. 200E.

As part of a strategic development plan, €561 million have been spent on expanding and modernising the airport infrastructure until December 2012. Most of these improvements are already completed, the postponed ones are the new cargo area and new piers for terminal 2A and 2B, but these development are on standby also, and will start immediately, when the airport traffic will reach the appropriate level. SkyCourt, the newest, state-of-the-art building between the 2A and 2B terminals with 5 levels. Passenger safety checks were moved here along with new baggage classifiers and the new Malév and SkyTeam business lounges , as well as the first MasterCard lounge in Europe.

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Budapest
Budapest
metro and rapid transit network within the city and to suburbs Green Line 4 , a driverless metro line with real-time PIDS system at Kálvin square, a transfer station to Blue Line 3 Alstom Metropolis
Alstom Metropolis
on the Red Line 2 at Keleti Railway Station , an intermodal transfer hub to Green Line 4 and railways

Public transit in Budapest
Budapest
is provided by the Centre for Budapest Transport
Transport
(BKK, Budapesti Közlekedési Központ), one of the largest transportation authorities in Europe. BKK operates 4 metro lines (including the historic Line 1 , the oldest underground railway in continental Europe), 5 suburban railway lines , 33 tram lines , 15 trolleybus lines, 264 bus lines (including 40 night routes ), 4 boat services, and BuBi
BuBi
, a smart bicycle sharing network . On an average weekday, BKK lines transports 3.9 million riders; in 2011, it handled a total of 1.4 billion passengers. In 2014, the 65% of the passenger traffic in Budapest
Budapest
was by public transport and 35% by car. The aim is 80%–20% by 2030 in accordance with the strategy of BKK.

The development of complex intelligent transportation system in the city is rapidly advancing; the application of smart traffic lights is widespread, they are GPS and computer controlled and give priority to the GPS connected public transport vehicles automatically, as well as the traffic is measured and analyzed on the roads and car drivers informed about the expected travel time and traffic by intelligent displays (EasyWay project). Public transport users are immediately notified of any changes in public transport online, on smartphones and on PIDS displays, as well car drivers can keep track of changes in traffic and road management in real-time online and on smartphones through the BKK Info. As well all vehicles can be followed online and on smartphones in real-time throughout the city with the Futár PIDS system, while the continuous introducing of integrated e-ticket system will help the measurement of passenger numbers on each line and the intelligent control of service frequency.

The development of Futár, the citywide real-time passenger information system and real-time route planner is finished already and now all of the public transport vehicle is connected via satellite system. The real-time information of trams, buses and trolleybuses are available for both the operators in the control room and for all the passengers in all stops on smartphone and on city street displays. The implementation of latest generation automated fare collection and e-ticket system with NFC compatibility and reusable contactless smart cards for making electronic payments in online and offline systems in Budapest
Budapest
is started in 2014, the project is implemented and operated by the operator of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Octopus card jointly with one of the leading European companies of e-ticket and automated fare collection, Scheidt "> New Siemens Desiro , a commuter city rail at the Western (Nyugati) Station

The tram lines no. 4 and 6 are the busiest city tram lines in the world, with one of the world's longest trams (54-metre long Siemens Combino ) running at 2–3 minute intervals at peak time and 4–5 minutes off-peak. Day services are usually from 4am until 23pm-0.30am. The night service has a reputation for being excellent. Hungarian State Railways
Railways
operates an extensive network of commuter rail services, their importance in the suburban commuter passenger traffic is significant, but in travel within the city is limited. The organiser of public transport in Budapest
Budapest
is the municipal corporation Centre for Budapest
Budapest
Transport
Transport
(Budapesti Közlekedési Központ – BKK), that is responsible for planning and organising network and services, planning and developing tariff concepts, attending to public service procurer duties, managing public service contracts, operating controlling and monitoring systems, setting and monitoring service level agreements related to public transport, attending to customer service duties, selling and monitoring tickets and passes, attending to integrated passenger information duties, unified Budapest-centric traffic control within public transport, attending to duties related to river navigation, plus the management of Budapest
Budapest
roads, operating taxi stations , unified control of bicycle traffic development in the capital, preparing parking strategy and developing an operational concept, preparation of road traffic management, developing an optimal traffic management system, organising and co-ordinating road reconstruction and even more, in short, everything which is related to transport in the city.

ROADS AND RAILWAYS

Main articles: Hungarian State Railways
Railways
and Motorways in Hungary
Hungary
Megyeri Bridge on M0 highway ring road around Budapest
Budapest

Budapest
Budapest
is the most important Hungarian road terminus, all of the major highways and railways ends within the city limits. The road system in the city is designed in a similar manner to that of Paris, with several ring roads, and avenues radiating out from the center. Ring road
Ring road
M0 around Budapest
Budapest
is nearly completed, with only one section missing on the west side due to local disputes. Currently the ring road is 80 kilometres (50 miles) in length, and once finished it will be 107 kilometres (66 mi) of highway in length.

The city is a vital traffic hub because all major European roads and European railway lines lead to Budapest. The Danube
Danube
was and is still today an important water-way and this region in the centre of the Carpathian Basin
Carpathian Basin
lies at the cross-roads of trade routes. Hungarian main line railways are operated by Hungarian State Railways. There are three main railway station in Budapest, the Budapest
Budapest
Eastern railway station , the Budapest
Budapest
Western railway station and Budapest
Budapest
Southern railway station , operating both domestic and international rail services . Budapest
Budapest
is one of the main stops of the on its Central and Eastern European route. There is also a suburban rail service in and around Budapest, operated under the name HÉV.

PORTS, SHIPPING AND OTHERS

The river Danube
Danube
flows through Budapest
Budapest
on its way from Germany
Germany
to the Black Sea . The river is easily navigable and so Budapest historically has a major commercial port at Csepel District and at New Pest District also. The Pest side is also a famous port place with international shipping ports for cargo and for passenger ships. In the summer months, a scheduled hydrofoil service operates on the Danube
Danube
connecting the city to Vienna.

BKK (through the operator BKV ) also provides public transport with boat service within the borders of the city. Four routes, marked D11-14, connect the 2 banks with Margaret Island and Hajógyári-island, from Római fürdő ( Buda
Buda
side, North to Óbudai island) or Árpád Bridge (Pest side) to Rákóczi Bridge, with a total of 15 stops. In addition, several companies provides sightseeing boat trips and also an amphibious vehicle (bus and boat) operates constantly.

Water quality in Budapest
Budapest
harbours improved dramatically in the recent years, treatment facilities processed 100% of generated sewage in 2010. Budapesters regularly kayak , canoe , jet-ski and sail on the Danube, which has continuously become a major recreational site for the city.

Special
Special
vehicles in Budapest, besides metros, include suburban rails, trams and boats. There are a couple of less common vehicles in Budapest, like the trolleybus on several lines in Pest , the Castle Hill Funicular between the Chain Bridge and Buda
Buda
Castle, the cyclecar for rent in Margaret Island, the chairlift , the Budapest
Budapest
Cog-wheel Railway
Railway
and children\'s railway . The latter three vehicles runs among Buda
Buda
hills.

CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY LIFE

Main pages: Category: Culture in Budapest
Budapest
and Culture of Hungary
Hungary
Hungarian Academy of Sciences seat in Budapest, founded in 1825 by Count István Széchenyi

The culture of Budapest
Budapest
is reflected by Budapest's size and variety. Most Hungarian cultural movements first emerged in the city. Budapest is an important center for music, film, theatre, dance and visual art. Artists have been drawn into the city by opportunity, as the city government funds the arts with adequate financial resources. Budapest is the headquarters of the Hungarian LGBT
LGBT
community.

MUSEUMS AND GALLERIES

Further information: Category:Museums in Budapest
Budapest
Museum of Fine Arts Budapest
Budapest
in the Heroes\' Square

Budapest
Budapest
is packed with museums and galleries, and there are plenty of temporary exhibitions in the most unlikely of settings, particularly in summer. The city glories in 223 museums and galleries, which presents several memories, not only the Hungarian historical, art and science ones, but also the memories of universal and European culture and science. Here are the greatest examples among them: the Hungarian National Museum , the Hungarian National Gallery , the Museum of Fine Arts (where can see the pictures of Hungarian painters, like Victor Vasarely , Mihály Munkácsy and a great collection about Italian art , Dutch art
Dutch art
, Spanish art and British art from before the 19th century and French art , British art, German art
German art
, Austrian art after the 19th century), the House of Terror, the Budapest
Budapest
Historical Museum, the Aquincum
Aquincum
Museum, the Memento Park, Museum of Applied Arts and the contemporary arts exhibition Palace of Arts Budapest. In Budapest
Budapest
there are currently 837 different monuments, which represent the most of the European artistic style. The classical and unique Hungarian Art
Art
Nouveau buildings are prominent.

LIBRARIES

A lot of libraries have unique collections in Budapest, such as the National Széchenyi Library, which keeps historical relics from the age before the printing of books. The Metropolitan Szabó Ervin Library plays an important role in the general education of the capital's population. Other libraries: The Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences , Eötvös University
University
Library , the Parliamentary Library, Library of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
and the National Library of Foreign Literature.

OPERA AND THEATRES

Main article: Hungarian opera Hungarian State Opera House

In Budapest
Budapest
there are forty theatres, seven concert halls and an opera house. Outdoor festivals, concerts and lectures enrich the cultural offer of summer, which are often held in historical buildings. The largest theatre facilities are the Budapest
Budapest
Operetta and Musical Theatre, the József Attila
Attila
Theatre, the Katona József Theatre, the Madách Theatre, the Hungarian State Opera House, the National Theatre , the Vigadó Concert Hall, Radnóti Miklós Theatre, the Comedy
Comedy
Theatre and the Palace of Arts, known as MUPA. The Budapest Opera Ball is an annual Hungarian society event taking place in the building of the Budapest Opera (Operaház) on the last Saturday of the carnival season, usually late February.

PERFORMING ARTS AND FESTIVALS

Further information: Music of Budapest Sziget Festival Budapest. One of the largest music festivals in Europe
Europe
provides a multicultural , diverse meeting point for locals and foreigners every year.

Several annual festivals take place in Budapest, such as Sziget Festival , one of the largest outdoor music festival in Europe, the Budapest Spring Festival presents on concerts at several venues across the city. The Budapest Autumn Festival brings free music, dance, art, and other cultural events to the streets of the city. Budapest
Budapest
Wine Festival and Budapest
Budapest
Pálinka Festival occurs each May and gastronomy festivals focus on culinary pleasures. Budapest Pride (or Budapest Pride Film and Cultural Festival) occurs annually across the city, and usually involves a parade on the Andrássy Avenue. Other festivals include the Budapest Fringe Festival , which brings more than 500 artists in about 50 shows to produce a wide range of interesting works in alternative theatre , dance , music and comedy outside the mainstream . The LOW Festival was a multidisciplinary contemporary cultural festival held in Hungary
Hungary
in the cities Budapest
Budapest
and Pécs from February till March. The name of the festival alludes to the Low Countries , the region encompassing the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Flanders. Budapest
Budapest
Jewish
Jewish
Summer Festival, in late August, is also one of the largest in Europe.

There are many symphony orchestras in Budapest
Budapest
with the Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra being the preeminent one. It was founded in 1853 by Ferenc Erkel and still presents regular concerts in the Hungarian State Opera House and National Theatre .

The dance tradition of the Carpathian Basin
Carpathian Basin
is a unique area of the European dance culture , which is also a special transition between the Balkans and Western Europe
Europe
regions. The city is home to several authentic Hungarian folk dance ensembles which range from small ensembles to professional troupes. Budapest
Budapest
is one of the few cities in the world where a high school for folk dance learning exists.

FASHION

Budapest
Budapest
is home to a fashion week twice a year, where the city's fashion designers and houses present their collections and provide a meeting place for the fashion industry representatives. Budapest Fashion
Fashion
Week additionally a place for designers from other countries may present their collections in Budapest. Hungarian models , like Barbara Palvin , Enikő Mihalik , Diána Mészáros , Viktória Vámosi usually appearing at these events along international participants. Fashion
Fashion
brands like Zara , H&M
H&M
, Mango , ESPRIT , Douglas AG , Lacoste , Nike and other retail fashion brands are common across the city's shopping malls and on the streets.

Major luxury fashion brands such as Roberto Cavalli , Dolce "> Hungarian Television seat in 2009 at Liberty square in District V

Budapest
Budapest
is a prominent location for the Hungarian entertainment industry, with many films, television series, books, and other media set there. Budapest
Budapest
is the largest centre for film and television production in Hungary. In 2011, it employed more than 50,000 people and generated 63.9% of revenues of the media industry in the country. Budapest
Budapest
is the media centre of Hungary, and the location of the main headquarters of Hungarian Television and other numerous local and national TV and radio stations , such as M1 , M2 , Duna TV , Duna World, RTL Klub , TV2 (Hungary) , EuroNews , Comedy
Comedy
Central , MTV Hungary
Hungary
, VIVA Hungary
Hungary
, Viasat 3 , Cool TV , Pro4 and politics and news channels such as, Hír TV , ATV , Echo TV , furthermore documentary channels such as, Discovery Channel , Discovery Science , Discovery World
World
, National Geographic Channel
National Geographic Channel
, Nat Geo Wild , Spektrum , BBC Entertainment and it is less than a quarter of the channels broadcast from Budapest, for the whole picture see the Television in Hungary
Hungary
. In 2012, there were 7.2 million internet users in Hungary
Hungary
(72% of the population). and there were 2.3 million subscriptions for mobile broadband,

CUISINE

Further information: Hungarian cuisine

In the modern age, Budapest
Budapest
developed its own peculiar cuisine, based on products of the nearby region, such as lamb, pork and vegetables special to the region. Modern Hungarian cuisine is a synthesis of ancient Asiatic components mixed with French, Germanic, Italian, and Slavic elements. The food of Hungary
Hungary
can be considered a melting pot of the continent, with a culinary base formed from its own, original Magyar cuisine. Considerable numbers of Saxons
Saxons
, Armenians, Italians, Jews and Serbs settled in the Hungarian basin and in Transylvania, also contributing with different new dishes. Elements of ancient Turkish cuisine were adopted during the Ottoman era, in the form of sweets (for example different nougats , like white nougat called törökméz, quince (birsalma), Turkish delight
Turkish delight
, Turkish coffee or rice dishes like pilaf , meat and vegetable dishes like the eggplant , used in eggplant salads and appetizers , stuffed peppers and stuffed cabbage called töltött káposzta . Hungarian cuisine was influenced by Austrian cuisine under the Austro-Hungarian Empire , dishes and methods of food preparation have often been borrowed from Austrian cuisine, and vice versa.

Budapest
Budapest
restaurants reflect diversity, with menus carrying traditional regional cuisine, fusions of various culinary influences, or innovating in the leading edge of new techniques. Budapest' food shops also have a solid reputation for supplying quality specialised culinary products and supplies, reputations that are often built up over generations. These include many shops, such as Café Gerbeaud, one of the greatest and most traditional coffeehouses in Europe, or the Gundel restaurant and gastro shop in the City
City
Park. Foodies can also find the highest quality foods served in several Michelin-starred restaurants, like Onyx, Costes, Borkonyha or Tanti.

IN FICTION

The 1906 novel The Paul Street Boys , the 1937 novel Journey by Moonlight , the 1957 book The Bridge at Andau , the 1975 novel Fateless , the 1977 novel The End of a Family Story , the 1986 book Between the Woods and the Water , the 1992 novel Under the Frog , the 1987 novel The Door , the 2002 novel Prague, the 2003 book Budapeste , the 2004 novel Ballad of the Whisky Robber , the 2005 novels Parallel Stories and The Historian , the 2012 novel Budapest Noir are set, amongst others, partly or entirely in Budapest. Some of the better known feature films set in Budapest
Budapest
are Kontroll , The District! , Ein Lied von Liebe und Tod , Sunshine , An American Rhapsody , As You Desire Me , The Good Fairy , Hanna\'s War , The Journey , Ladies in Love , Mehbooba , Music
Music
Box , The Shop Around the Corner , Zoo in Budapest
Budapest
, Underworld , Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol and Spy. The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) is a Wes Anderson film. It was filmed in Germany
Germany
and set in the fictional Republic of Zubrowka which is in the alpine mountains of Hungary.

SPORTS

Groupama Arena , Ferencvárosi TC
Ferencvárosi TC
play their home games in it and it is also the home of the Hungarian national football team temporarily Lewis Hamilton
Lewis Hamilton
during the 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix on Hungaroring
Hungaroring
See also: Category: Sport
Sport
in Budapest
Budapest
and Football in Budapest
Budapest

Budapest
Budapest
hosted many global sport event in the past, among others the 1994 IAAF World
World
Cross Country Championships , 1997 World
World
Amateur Boxing Championships , 2000 World
World
Fencing Championships , 2001 World Allround Speed Skating Championships , Bandy World
World
Championship 2004 , 2008 World
World
Interuniversity Games , 2008 World
World
Modern Pentathlon Championships , 2010 ITU World
World
Championship Series , 2011 IIHF World Championship , 2012 European Speed Skating Championships , 2013 World Fencing Championships , 2013 World
World
Wrestling Championships , 2014 World
World
Masters Athletics Championships and will in the future, like 2017 World
World
Aquatics Championships , 2017 World
World
Judo Championships , only in the last two decade. Besides these, Budapest
Budapest
was the home of many European-level tournaments, like 2006 European Aquatics Championships , 2010 European Aquatics Championships , 2010 UEFA Futsal Championship , 2013 European Judo Championships , 2013 European Karate Championships and will be the host of 4 matches in the UEFA Euro 2020 , which will be held in the 67,889-seat new multi-purpose Puskás Ferenc Stadium , to mention a few.

In 2015 the Assembly of the Hungarian Olympic Committee and the Assembly of Budapest
Budapest
decided to bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics . Budapest
Budapest
has lost several bids to host the games, in 1916 , 1920 , 1936 , 1944 , and 1960 to Berlin
Berlin
, Antwerp
Antwerp
, London
London
, and Rome
Rome
, respectively. The Hungarian Parliament also voted to support the bid on 28 January 2016, later Budapest
Budapest
City
City
Council approved list of venues and Budapest
Budapest
became an official candidate for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games . However, they have recently withdrawn and only Paris and Los Angeles remain as candidates for the 2024 Olympics.

Numerous Olympic, World, and European Championship winners and medalists reside in the city, which follows from Hungary's 8th place among all the nations of the world in the All-time Olympic Games medal table . Hungarians have always been avid sports people: during the history of the Summer Olympic Games , Hungarians have brought home 476 medals, of which 167 are gold. The top events in which Hungarians have excelled are fencing, swimming, water polo, canoeing, wrestling and track "> Main Building of the Budapest
Budapest
University
University
of Technology and Economics , it is the oldest Institutes of Technology in the world, founded in 1782 Rector's Council Hall of Budapest
Budapest
Business School , the first public business school in the world, founded in 1857 Main Building of the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music
Music
, founded in 1875

Budapest
Budapest
is home to over 35 higher education institutions, of which a large number of universities. Under the Bologna Process
Bologna Process
, many offered qualifications are recognised in countries across Europe. Medicine, dentistry, pharmaceuticals, veterinary programs, and engineering are among the most popular fields for foreigners to undertake in Budapest. Most universities in Budapest
Budapest
offer courses in English, as well as in other languages like German, French, and Dutch, aimed specifically at foreigners. Many students from other European countries spend one or two semesters in Budapest
Budapest
through the Erasmus Programme
Erasmus Programme
.

Universities in Budapest
Budapest
NAME ESTABLISHED CITY TYPE STUDENTS ACADEMIC STAFF

Budapest Business School 1857 Budapest Public Business school 16,905 987

Szent István University 1787 Budapest Public Classic university 12,583 1,313

Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Budapest University of Technology and Economics
1782 Budapest Public Institute of technology
Institute of technology
21,171 961

Corvinus University
University
1920 Budapest Public Business school 14,522 867

Eötvös Loránd University 1635 Budapest Public Classic university 26,006 1,800

Hungarian University
University
of Fine Arts 1871 Budapest Public Art
Art
school 652 232

Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music
Music
1875 Budapest Public Music
Music
school 831 168

Moholy-Nagy University
University
of Art
Art
and Design 1870 Budapest Public Art
Art
school 894 122

National University
University
of Public Service 1808 Budapest Public Classic university 10,800 465

Óbuda University
University
1879 Budapest Public Institute of technology
Institute of technology
12,888 421

Semmelweis University 1769 Budapest Public Medical school 10,880 1,230

University
University
of Physical Education 1925 Budapest Public Classic university 2,500 220

Academy of Drama and Film in Budapest 1865 Budapest Public Art
Art
school 455 111

Andrássy University
University
Budapest
Budapest
2002 Budapest Private Classic university 210 51

Aquincum
Aquincum
Institute of Technology 2011 Budapest Private Institute of technology
Institute of technology
50 41

Budapest
Budapest
Metropolitan University
University
2001 Budapest Private Classic university 8,000 350

Budapest
Budapest
University
University
of Jewish
Jewish
Studies 1877 Budapest Private Theological university 200 60

Central European University
University
1991 Budapest Private Classic university 1,380 399

International Business School 1991 Budapest Private Business school 800 155

Károli Gáspár University
University
of Reformed Church 1855 Budapest Private Classic university 4,301 342

Pázmány Péter Catholic University
University
1635 Budapest Private Classic university 9,469 736

Lutheran Theological University 1557 Budapest Private Theological university 220 36

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Budapest

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Budapest
Budapest
has quite a few sister cities and many partner cities around the world. Like Budapest, many of them are the most influential and largest cities of their country and region, most of them are the primate city and political, economical, cultural capital of their country. The Mayor of Budapest
Mayor of Budapest
says the aim with improving sister city relationships is to allow and encourage a mutual exchange of information and experiences, as well as co-operation, in the areas of city management, education, culture, tourism, media and communication, trade and business development.

HISTORIC SISTER CITIES

* NEW YORK CITY (USA) 1992 * FORT WORTH (USA) 1990 * SHANGHAI (China) 2013 * BEIJING (China) 2005 * TEHRAN (Iran) 2015

* BERLIN (Germany) 1992 * FRANKFURT AM MAIN (Germany) 1990 * VIENNA (Austria) 1990 * LISBON (Portugal) 1992

* TEL AVIV (Israel) 1989 * ZAGREB (Croatia) 1994 * SARAJEVO (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 1995 * FLORENCE (Italy) 2008 * SAN ANTONIO (USA) 2015

PARTNERSHIPS AROUND THE WORLD

* PRAGUE (Czech Republic) 2010 * ROTTERDAM (Netherlands) 1991 * WARSAW (Poland) 2005 * KRAKóW (Poland) 2005 * BANGKOK (Thailand) 2007

* JAKARTA (Indonesia) 2009 * DAEJEON (South Korea) 1994 * NAPLES (Italy) 1993 * ISTANBUL (Turkey) 1985 * İZMIR (Turkey) 1985 * GAZIANTEP (Turkey) 2010

* ANKARA (Turkey) 2015 * TEHRAN (Iran) 2009 * SO FIA (Bulgaria) 2009 * VILNIUS (Lithuania) 2000 * KOšICE (Slovakia) 1997 * LVIV (Ukraine) 1993

Some of the city's districts are also twinned to small cities or districts of other big cities, for details see the article List of districts and towns in Budapest
Budapest
.

GALLERY

*

Buda
Buda
Castle *

Hungarian Parliament Building
Hungarian Parliament Building
*

Matthias Church
Matthias Church
*

Saint Stephen\'s Basilica *

Széchenyi Chain Bridge
Széchenyi Chain Bridge
*

Heroes\' Square with the Millenary Monument *

Budai Vigadó *

Vajdahunyad Castle *

Hungarian National Museum *

Saint Elisabeth Church *

The Great Synagogue
Synagogue
*

Museum of Applied Arts *

Fisherman's Bastion *

Andrássy Avenue
Andrássy Avenue
was recognised as a World Heritage Site *

King Saint Stephen's sculpture in Buda
Buda
Castle *

Castle Theatre *

National Theatre *

Operett Theatre *

Bálna *

Liberty Bridge *

Liberty Statue *

Brudern House *

Nyugati Railway Station

SEE ALSO

* Budapest
Budapest
portal * Geography portal * Europe
Europe
portal * European Union
European Union
portal * Hungary
Hungary
portal

* Bridges of Budapest * Budapest metropolitan area * Fort Budapest
Budapest
* List of cemeteries in Budapest * List of films shot in Budapest * List of historical capitals of Hungary
Hungary
* List of tourist attractions in Budapest * Music of Budapest * Outline of Hungary
Hungary
* Spas in Budapest * Urban and Suburban Transit Association (most of its activity is centred on Budapest)

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Budapest: Eyewitness Travel Guildes. DK Travel. 2007. ISBN 978-0-7566-2435-4 . * Barber, Annabel (2004). Visible Cities Budapest: A City
City
Guide. Somerset. ISBN 978-963-212-986-0 . * Ungvary, Krisztian (2006). The Siege of Budapest: One Hundred Days in World
World
War II. Yale University
University
Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11985-5 . * Molnar, Miklos (2001). A Concise History of Hungary. Cambridge Concise Histories. Cambridge University
University
Press. ISBN 978-0-521-66736-4 .

Fallon, Steve (2016), Boston, Massachusetts, https://www.lonelyplanet.com/hungary/budapest

NOTES

* ^ A B "Population by type of settlement – annually". Hungarian Central Statistical Office . 12 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016. * ^ A B C "The Municipality of Budapest
Budapest
(official)". Municipality of Budapest. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. * ^ A B "Budapest". 2014 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. * ^ "Functional Urban Areas – Population on 1 January by age groups and sex". Eurostat
Eurostat
. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016. * ^ "Best view in Budapest
Budapest
from the city\'s highest hilltop". stay.com – Budapest. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014.

* ^ A B "Gazetteer of Hungary, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 2 October 2013. * ^ " Budapest
Budapest
City
City
Review". Euromonitor International. December 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2014. * ^ "English: 39,8% of the country\'s GDP
GDP
produced in Budapest. Hungary\'s GDP
GDP
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