Buda (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbudɒ]) was the ancient capital
Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary and since 1873 has been the western part of
the Hungarian capital Budapest, on the west bank of the Danube. Buda
comprises a third of Budapest’s total territory and is in fact
mostly wooded. Landmarks include
Buda Castle, the Citadella, and
Hungary’s president’s residence Sándor Palace.
2 Notable residents
3 Twin cities
5 See also
7 Further reading
8 External links
Buda before 1873.
Historical coat of arms of Buda, used between 1703-1873.
Buda fortress and palace were built by King Béla IV of
1247, and were the nucleus round which the town of
Buda was built,
which soon gained great importance, and became in 1361 the capital of
While Pest was mostly Hungarian in the 15th century,
Buda had a German
majority; however according to the Hungarian Royal Treasury, it had
a Hungarian majority with a sizeable German minority in 1495. Buda
became part of Ottoman-ruled central
Hungary from 1541 to 1686. It was
the capital of the province of Budin during the Ottoman era. By the
middle of the seventeenth century
Buda had become majority Muslim,
largely resulting from an influx of Balkan Muslims.
In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed
European campaign was started to enter Buda, which was formerly the
capital of medieval Hungary. This time, the Holy League's army was
twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Dutch,
Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, French, Croat, Burgundian, Danish
and Swedish soldiers, along with other
Europeans as volunteers,
artillerymen, and officers, the Christian forces reconquered
Siege of Buda).
After the reconquest of Buda, bourgeoisie from different parts of
southern Germany moved into the almost deserted city.
Germans — also
clinging to their language — partly crowded out, partly assimilated
Hungarians and Serbians they had found here. As the rural
population moved into Buda, in the 19th century slowly Hungarians
became the majority there.
Edmund Hauler (1859-1941), classicist and philologist
Andrew III of Hungary, buried in the Greyfriars' Church in Buda
Jadwiga of Poland, born here, first and only woman proclaimed to be
'king' of Poland.
May Magdalene Church, Buda
Buda Main Plaza
Arany Hordó Inn
Old Parliament Inn
^ a b Nyerges, András, ed. (1998). Pest-Buda,
Budapest arms & colours: throughout the centuries]. Budapest:
Budapest Főváros Levéltára. p. 2.
Budapest article of Encyclopædia Britannica 1911
^ a b "Budapest". A Pallas Nagy Lexikona (in Hungarian). Retrieved
^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD,
Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a
Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos
Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi
Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.;
ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
^ Faroqhi, Suraiya (1994). "Crisis and Change, 1590-1699". In
İnalcık, Halil; Donald Quataert. An Economic and Social History of
the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914. 2. Cambridge University Press.
p. 440. ISBN 0-521-57456-0.
Richard Brookes (1786), "Buda", The General Gazetteer (6th ed.),
London: J.F.C. Rivington
David Brewster, ed. (1830). "Buda". Edinburgh Encyclopædia.
Edinburgh: William Blackwood.
John Thomson (1845), "Buda", New Universal Gazetteer and Geographical
Dictionary, London: H.G. Bohn
Charles Knight, ed. (1866). "Buda". Geography. English Cyclopaedia. 2.
London: Bradbury, Evans, & Co.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Budapest/Buda.
Drawings of Castle
Buda over the centuries
Coordinates: 47°28′N 19°03′E / 47.467°N 19.050°E /
Historical capitals of Hungary
Capitals of the Kingdom of Hungary
Capitals of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
Capitals of the Principality of Transylvania