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BUDA (Hungarian pronunciation: ) was the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and since 1873 has been the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest
Budapest
, on the west bank of the Danube
Danube
. Buda comprises a third of Budapest’s total territory and is in fact mostly wooded. Landmarks include Buda Castle
Buda Castle
, the Citadella , and Hungary’s president’s residence Sándor Palace .

CONTENTS

* 1 Demographics * 2 Notable residents * 3 Twin cities * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links

DEMOGRAPHICS

Flag of Buda
Buda
before 1873. Historical coat of arms of Buda, used between 1703-1873.

The Buda
Buda
fortress and palace were built by King Béla IV of Hungary in 1247, and were the nucleus round which the town of Buda
Buda
was built, which soon gained great importance, and became in 1361 the capital of Hungary.

While Pest was mostly Hungarian in the 15th century, Buda
Buda
had a German majority; however according to the Hungarian Royal Treasury, it had a Hungarian majority with a sizeable German minority in 1495. Buda
Buda
became part of Ottoman -ruled central Hungary
Hungary
from 1541 to 1686. It was the capital of the province of Budin during the Ottoman era. By the middle of the seventeenth century Buda
Buda
had become majority Muslim, largely resulting from an influx of Balkan Muslims.

In 1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed European campaign was started to enter Buda, which was formerly the capital of medieval Hungary. This time, the Holy League 's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German , Dutch , Hungarian , English , Spanish , Czech , French , Croat , Burgundian , Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans
Europeans
as volunteers, artillerymen, and officers, the Christian forces reconquered Buda
Buda
(see Siege of Buda
Buda
).

After the reconquest of Buda, bourgeoisie from different parts of southern Germany moved into the almost deserted city. Germans
Germans
— also clinging to their language — partly crowded out, partly assimilated the Hungarians
Hungarians
and Serbians they had found here. As the rural population moved into Buda, in the 19th century slowly Hungarians became the majority there.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

* Edmund Hauler (1859-1941), classicist and philologist * Andrew III of Hungary
Hungary
, buried in the Greyfriars' Church in Buda * Jadwiga of Poland , born here, first and only woman proclaimed to be 'king' of Poland.

TWIN CITIES

* Capestrano , Italy

GALLERY

*

May Magdalene Church, Buda
Buda
*

Orszaghaz utca *

Buda
Buda
Main Plaza *

Arany Hordo Inn *

Old Parliament Inn *

Tarnok utca *

Uri utca

SEE ALSO

* Pest * Óbuda
Óbuda
* Buda Castle
Buda Castle

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Nyerges, András, ed. (1998). Pest-Buda, Budapest szimbólumai . Budapest: Budapest
Budapest
Főváros Levéltára. p. 2. * ^ The Budapest
Budapest
article of Encyclopædia Britannica 1911 * ^ A B "Budapest". A Pallas Nagy Lexikona (in Hungarian). Retrieved 2009-11-03. * ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest
Budapest
University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4 , CD Atlas * ^ Faroqhi, Suraiya (1994). "Crisis and Change, 1590-1699". In İnalcık, Halil; Donald Quataert. An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914. 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 440. ISBN 0-521-57456-0 .

FURTHER READING

* Richard Brookes (1786), "Buda", The General Gazetteer (6th ed.), London: J.F.C. Rivington * David Brewster, ed. (1830). "Buda". Edinburgh Encyclopædia . Edinburgh: William Blackwood. * John Thomson (1845), "Buda", New Universal Gazetteer and Geographical Dictionary, London: H.G. Bohn * Charles Knight, ed. (1866). "Buda". Geography. English Cyclopaedia . 2. London: Bradbury, Evans, & Co.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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