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BUCKLEY (Welsh : _Bwcle_ ) is a town and community in Flintshire , north-east Wales
Wales
, 2 miles (3.2 km) from the county town of Mold and contiguous with the villages of Ewloe , Alltami and Mynydd Isa . It is on the A549 road, with the larger A55 road passing nearby.

Buckley
Buckley
is the second largest town in Flintshire in terms of population. At the 2011 Census , its community had a population of 15,665., with the contiguous Argoed community Buckley
Buckley
has a population of 21,502.

A prominent nearby landmark is the Hanson Cement kiln just south of the town.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Governance * 3 Geography and climate * 4 Dialect * 5 Economy * 6 Community facilities * 7 Education * 8 Religion

* 9 Culture

* 9.1 Events * 9.2 Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band * 9.3 Popular music * 9.4 Radio * 9.5 Library
Library

* 10 Sport

* 11 Transport

* 11.1 Road * 11.2 Bus * 11.3 Rail * 11.4 Air

* 12 Notable current or former residents * 13 See also

* 14 References

* 14.1 Notes * 14.2 Bibliography

* 15 External links

HISTORY

Buckley
Buckley
was an Anglo-Saxon location, with some of its houses later recorded in the Norman _ Domesday Book _ of the 11th century. However, the first documented evidence of its existence dates from 1294 when it was described as the pasturage of the Manor of Ewloe, spelled as "Bokkeley".

The name Buckley
Buckley
may derive from the Old English _bok lee_, meaning meadow, or field. The likely meaning of the name was "clearing in a beech wood" (with _boc_ meaning beech tree and _ley_ meaning wood, glade or clearing). The name could also have been construed from _bucc_, a buck or deer; or _bwlch y clai_, meaning clay hole.

In 1420, Henry V presented Ewloe and the pastorage of Buckley
Buckley
to his wife, Catherine of Valois
Catherine of Valois
, as a wedding present. It was worth £26 per annum.

The town became an industrial heartland for pottery and coal mining between the 17th and 19th centuries. The first was opened in 1737. However, it only grew into any kind of prominence during the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, when coal and clay were extensively mined there, and the name Buckley
Buckley
became synonymous with the production of various fire-clay and pottery products. By the early 19th century, there were 14 potteries in the town.

Buckley
Buckley
was a popular location for mining , as there were many faults in local rock formations that allowed seams of coal to be mined directly from the surface. Its heavy, clay soil also allowed for excellent pottery and bricks to be manufactured. Bricks from Buckley were transported all across the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and as far as the United States, as Buckley
Buckley
became a brickworking centre. A great deal of people moved into the area, particularly from Ireland
Ireland
and Liverpool to find work in the mining and brick industries, giving the town a distinctive accent . Many pottery and earthenware products manufactured were taken on the backs of donkeys to either Chester market or exported via the River Dee , as early as the reign of Elizabeth I . The last pottery kiln was fired in 1946. The site of the brickworks is now being redeveloped as a housing estate. However, a local cement works is still in operation.

In 1932, a tradition started in Buckley
Buckley
of running an annual pantomime . Dennis Griffiths produced a version of Dick Whittington in 1933, and ran the pantomime for 27 years, famously using the programme to invite any and all complaints to arrive written "on the back of a 10 shilling note (non-returnable)".

In the Second World War
Second World War
, a Nazi German Luftwaffe plane, most likely on its way to blitz Liverpool was shot down and crash landed in a nearby district, with the plane's engine crashing into a small lake known locally as 'The Trap'. The pilot survived, captured by a Special Constable , Peter Griffiths and taken to Hawarden Prisoner of War camp.

GOVERNANCE

Urban district status was conferred on the town in 1898; at this time, the area comprised two parishes, Buckley
Buckley
(1874) and Bistre (1844). The urban district of Buckley
Buckley
was formed of Ewloe , Pentrobin and Bannel (which was formerly a part of the parish of Hawarden ), Argoed, and Bistre (the oldest part of the town). Wat\'s Dyke formed the western boundary.

Prior to then, it was divided between the parishes of Mold and Hawarden . Buckley
Buckley
is part of the Alyn and Deeside UK parliamentary constituency and the Alyn and Deeside Welsh Assembly constituency .

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Buckley
Buckley
is situated in north east Wales
Wales
approximately 6 miles from the border with England to the East. Buckley
Buckley
is in the lee of the Snowdonian mountain range to the west and is therefore in a rain shadow area. Average annual rainfall in Buckley
Buckley
is approximately 700–800 mm (28–31 in) which is significantly lower than areas to the West of the Snowdonian mountain range. However, in comparison to areas in the East and South East of the United Kingdom, Buckley
Buckley
still receives a fair amount of rainfall. Since Buckley
Buckley
is located approximately 130–150 m (430–490 ft) above sea level, snowfall is more frequent in winter months in comparison to the lower lying ground in neighbouring areas.

Areas in the parish of Buckley
Buckley
outside the town centre include Bistre, Lane End, Padeswood, Buckley
Buckley
Mountain, Drury, Pentrobin, Bannel, Alltami , and Ewloe .

DIALECT

Although very few locals speak with a 'Buckley' accent nowadays, due to people moving in and out of the area, and with the proliferation of television and radio, a few of the town's older citizens still speak in a form of the strongly accented dialect , full of colloquialisms , and often unintelligible to outsiders. One of the last remaining pure 'Buckley' speakers was noted linguist Dennis Griffiths, a Buckley resident, who died in 1972, and whose books are the main repository and record of the dialect. A few examples (mainly phonetic ) are noted below:

* _Wunst every blue moon_ – rarely occurring * _Thou fries me to death_ – the limit of boredom * _A lick and a promise_ – a quick wash * _Fasen the fost un fost_ – fasten the first one first * _The daddy on um aw_ – the best of the lot * _Husht thee naise_ – be quiet * _I conna meke thee out_ – I can't understand you * _Chunner_ – Complain

The last 'pure' speaker of the Buckley
Buckley
dialect was Joseph Charles Shone, a foundryman born in 1917, who died in 1987. An example of the Buckley
Buckley
dialect was recorded by community heritage archivist John Butler in 2016. In this item, long-time Buckley
Buckley
resident Margaret Shone recounts one of Dennis Griffiths's specially written stories, an adaptation of the Parable of the Prodigal Son into the Buckley dialect.

ECONOMY

The Hanson Cement kiln under construction in 2010.

Today, Buckley
Buckley
has a population of around 20,000, and has numerous light industries. Those who cannot find work locally commute to Deeside , Cheshire , Wrexham and Merseyside .

The Hanson Cement works at Padeswood is the only large scale industry remaining in the town. Its 200 ft kiln is now the major landmark on the skyline, visible from many miles away. Despite many locals considering it an eyesore, according to its website, the company has reduced pollution produced by the cement works by up to 90%.

COMMUNITY FACILITIES

Buckley
Buckley
has a large area of common land , known simply as 'The Common'. It has a large playground for children, as well as a duck pond. A funfair visits during the Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee in the summer, usually on the second Tuesday of July, which is the town jubilee.

There is also a small lake, known as 'The Trap', which is stocked with coarse fish . A German Messerschmitt bomber crashed into the Trap during World War II , shot down by anti-aircraft fire after going off course following a bombing run over Liverpool . The land is primarily heavy clay soil. Etna Park , which is just a short walk from the town centre, is part of the Heritage Trail walk in the area.

Buckley
Buckley
has a shopping precinct, as well as two supermarkets , one run by Budgens , and the other by Aldi . There is a town-centre car park which is charged at 20p per hour. The town contains a wide variety of public houses , which includes the local working men\'s club . The local branch of The Royal British Legion closed in 2010 and has since been demolished.

EDUCATION

Buckley
Buckley
has four primary schools : Westwood County Primary (Formerly known as West Lea infants and Buckley
Buckley
CP – juniors) which is on Tabernacle Street, Southdown Primary School on Linderick Avenue, Mountain Lane Primary School on Knowle Lane, and Drury County Primary on Beech Road, Drury.

Buckley
Buckley
has one secondary school , the Elfed High School , located near the Common on Mill Lane. The school includes a sports centre and a swimming pool , for use of both the students and the public. Many students from Buckley
Buckley
also attend Argoed High School , located in nearby Bryn-y-Baal , or the Alun School , in Mold. All schools in Buckley
Buckley
are run by the Flintshire Local Education Authority .

RELIGION

Buckley
Buckley
is unusual in having two ecclesiastical parishes. The Church of St Matthew is the oldest parish church in the town, and was consecrated in 1822. Bistre Emmanuel Parish Church was built in 1842, despite appearing much older due to its early Gothic-style architecture . The first Primitive Methodist church in Wales
Wales
is on the outskirts of Buckley, in Alltami .

The present St John's United Reformed Church was originally a chapel known as "Chapel in the Meadow", set up by a noncomformist pottery owner, Jonathan Catherall, in 1737. Catherall received special dispensation from Lord Hawkesbury , after whom he named his house, to hold services at his house. As the Church forbade chapels from having bells, he built a bell tower in the grounds of his home. The site of this unique non-conformist bell tower is marked by a mound and plaque near the skate park at the Elfed Sports Complex.

The Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic church in Buckley
Buckley
was built in 2000 to replace a much older building. Other churches in Buckley include Bistre Methodist, Pentrobin Methodist, Buckley
Buckley
Cross Methodist, Bryn Methodist, and Drury Lane Methodist.

CULTURE

EVENTS

Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee in 1965

Buckley
Buckley
observes an annual regional celebration and march that is over 200 years old called the Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee, which is celebrated on the second Tuesday of July. Officially, however, the Jubilee was begun in 1856. The difference in dates stems from the 'official' date being set when the Buckley
Buckley
Temperance Society first sanctioned the march. The Jubilee is a ceremonial march that begins on "The Common", a large area of common ground owned by the people of the town used for leisure and recreational purposes. The term 'jubilee' was first used in 1871.

On the Common starting at around 3pm is a non-denominational Service led by the Minister of the Church/Chapel leading the Jubilee that year. The Sunday before the Jubilee, the leading church is presented with the Centenary Shield, which they hold for the year. A fifteen-minute service takes place, with two hymns accompanied by the Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band. The march then leaves the common, and marches through the town, with representatives from the local Sunday Schools , Scout and Guide troops, and many of the local schools. Banners from each of the local faiths are carried.

ROYAL BUCKLEY TOWN BAND

Buckley
Buckley
has a famous brass band , the Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band. The band is one of only two in the entire United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to have received sanction from a British monarch to use "Royal " in their name. They lead the Jubilee every year.

POPULAR MUSIC

Buckley
Buckley
has one nightclub, the Tivoli Nightclub (known locally as "The Tiv"), on Brunswick Road. Formerly both a cinema and a music hall, the Tivoli has seen many bands play there over the years, including Uriah Heep , Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin in the early 1970s, and many Britpop bands including Oasis , Ocean Colour Scene and the Super Furry Animals in the 1990s. It has been described as 'one of the finest quirky little venues of our time' and is featured in the DVD
DVD
re-issue of Oasis's album, _ Definitely Maybe _. Between summer 1992 and spring 1993, Radiohead played there twice. Bands such as Cast , Ash , Stiff Little Fingers , Fun Lovin\' Criminals , Skindred , Hed PE and OPM have all played there. Since a renovation and rebranding in 2000, few bands played live at the venue, with the club music policy having more emphasis on commercial dance and pop music, with a rock night on Fridays. The venue attracts crowds from Chester
Chester
, Wrexham , Manchester
Manchester
and Liverpool .

RADIO

The town was also home to a community radio project which used to broadcast 'trial' or 'temporary radio' licences to Buckley, Broughton , Mold , Deeside and the surrounding areas. The station was known as South Flintshire Radio and its offices were found above the swimming baths on Mold Road. The station was heard on eight separate occasions between November 1996 and July 2000 as part of a campaign to bring a local radio station to Flintshire , following the demise of Mold-based BBC Radio Clwyd. The project helped pave the way for a permanent local radio licence which was awarded to Chester
Chester
FM (known as Dee 106.3 ) which broadcasts to Chester
Chester
, Ellesmere Port , Deeside and Buckley.

LIBRARY

Buckley
Buckley
has a sizable two-storey library , with the second level being dedicated solely to history and reference pieces, mainly on the local area. The second floor also doubles as the local museum .

SPORT

Buckley
Buckley
has a football club in the Cymru Alliance , Buckley
Buckley
Town F.C. . In addition to the men's team Buckley
Buckley
also has a women's team, Buckley
Buckley
Town Ladies FC, who play in the North Wales
Wales
Coast Women's Football League.

The Elfed Sports Complex was built in 2005, near the Elfed High School , and includes a swimming pool, which replaced the outdated, Victorian-style baths on the Mold Road high street.

TRANSPORT

ROAD

Buckley
Buckley
is located on the A549 road , and is near the A55 expressway , which passes to the south of Ewloe .

BUS

There are a number of bus routes that pass through Buckley, mostly operated by Arriva Buses Wales
Wales
, which now means on most weekdays a bus to Chester
Chester
or Mold is available every 10 minutes.

RAIL

Buckley
Buckley
has previously been served by up to three different stations on lines operated by the Wrexham, Mold and Connah\'s Quay Railway and the Mold Railway .

Today, Buckley railway station is a minor stop on the Borderlands Line , which runs from Wrexham to Bidston on the Wirral . It is operated by Arriva Trains Wales
Wales
. Trains run every 60 minutes, Monday to Saturday daytimes, and infrequently at other times. Connections can be made at Shotton , Wrexham General or Bidston railway stations. There are two platforms, one for each direction the line runs in.

AIR

The nearest major airports are Liverpool John Lennon Airport and Manchester
Manchester
Airport , both around 45 minutes' drive away, although there are minor airfields in nearby Hawarden and Broughton .

NOTABLE CURRENT OR FORMER RESIDENTS

* Tommy Astbury (1920–1993), former footballer with Chester
Chester
City F.C. * Frederick Birks , holder of the Victoria Cross for extreme valour as a first world war soldier. * Danny Collins , professional footballer with Grimsby Town . * Cherry Dee , former professional glamour model and Page Three girl . * Sylvia Heal , now a Labour Member of Parliament . * Ann Keen , Labour politician and former MP for Brentford and Isleworth . * Howell Elvet Lewis (1860–1953), known as Elfed, a Welsh Congregational minister, hymn-writer, and devotional poet, who served as Archdruid of the National Eisteddfod of Wales
Wales
. Elfed High School is named after him. * John Lyons , a former professional footballer. * Blake Pelly (1907–1990), emigrated to Australia and became an Australian air force officer, politician and businessman. * Ryan Shawcross , a professional footballer with Stoke City . * James Williams (1880s–1916), a professional footballer who died in active service during the First World War .

SEE ALSO

* St Matthew\'s Church, Buckley
Buckley
* Elfed High School * Buckley Town F.C.

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ "2001 Census: Buckley". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 March 2009. * ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 12 October 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ "About Buckley". Buckley
Buckley
History Society. Retrieved 2 September 2009. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ "History of Buckley". Buckley
Buckley
Town Council. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009. * ^ "The Prodigal Son – a story adapted by Dennis Griffiths". People’s Co