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Buckley
Buckley
(Welsh: Bwcle [ˈbʊklɛ]) is a town and community in Flintshire, north-east Wales, 2 miles (3.2 km) from the county town of Mold and contiguous with the villages of Ewloe, Alltami
Alltami
and Mynydd Isa. It is on the A549 road, with the larger A55 road
A55 road
passing nearby. Buckley
Buckley
is the second largest town in Flintshire
Flintshire
in terms of population.[1] At the 2011 Census, its community had a population of 15,665.,[2] with the contiguous Argoed community Buckley
Buckley
has a population of 21,502. A prominent nearby landmark is the Hanson Cement kiln just south of the town.

Contents

1 History 2 Governance 3 Geography and climate 4 Dialect 5 Economy 6 Community facilities 7 Education 8 Religion 9 Culture

9.1 Events 9.2 Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band 9.3 Popular music 9.4 Radio 9.5 Library

10 Sport 11 Transport

11.1 Road 11.2 Bus 11.3 Rail 11.4 Air

12 Notable current or former residents 13 See also 14 References

14.1 Notes 14.2 Bibliography

15 External links

History[edit] Buckley
Buckley
was an Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
location,[3] with some of its houses later recorded in the Norman Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of the 11th century. However, the first documented evidence of its existence dates from 1294 when it was described as the pasturage of the Manor of Ewloe, spelled as "Bokkeley".[3] The name Buckley
Buckley
may derive from the Old English
Old English
bok lee, meaning meadow, or field.[3] The likely meaning of the name was "clearing in a beech wood" (with boc meaning beech tree and ley meaning wood, glade or clearing). The name could also have been construed from bucc, a buck or deer; or bwlch y clai, meaning clay hole.[3] In 1420, Henry V presented Ewloe
Ewloe
and the pastorage of Buckley
Buckley
to his wife, Catherine of Valois, as a wedding present. It was worth £26 per annum.[4] The town became an industrial heartland for pottery and coal mining between the 17th and 19th centuries.[3] The first was opened in 1737. However, it only grew into any kind of prominence during the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
of the 18th century, when coal and clay were extensively mined there, and the name Buckley
Buckley
became synonymous with the production of various fire-clay and pottery products. By the early 19th century, there were 14 potteries in the town.[4] Buckley
Buckley
was a popular location for mining, as there were many faults in local rock formations that allowed seams of coal to be mined directly from the surface. Its heavy, clay soil also allowed for excellent pottery and bricks to be manufactured. Bricks from Buckley were transported all across the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and as far as the United States, as Buckley
Buckley
became a brickworking centre. A great deal of people moved into the area, particularly from Ireland
Ireland
and Liverpool to find work in the mining and brick industries, giving the town a distinctive accent. Many pottery and earthenware products manufactured were taken on the backs of donkeys to either Chester
Chester
market or exported via the River Dee, as early as the reign of Elizabeth I. The last pottery kiln was fired in 1946. The site of the brickworks is now being redeveloped as a housing estate. However, a local cement works is still in operation. In 1932, a tradition started in Buckley
Buckley
of running an annual pantomime. Dennis Griffiths produced a version of Dick Whittington
Dick Whittington
in 1933, and ran the pantomime for 27 years, famously using the programme to invite any and all complaints to arrive written "on the back of a 10 shilling note (non-returnable)". In the Second World War, a Nazi German
Nazi German
Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
plane, most likely on its way to blitz Liverpool
Liverpool
was shot down and crash landed in a nearby district, with the plane's engine crashing into a small lake known locally as 'The Trap'. The pilot survived, captured by a Special Constable, Peter Griffiths and taken to Hawarden
Hawarden
Prisoner of War camp. Governance[edit] Urban district status was conferred on the town in 1898; at this time, the area comprised two parishes, Buckley
Buckley
(1874) and Bistre (1844). The urban district of Buckley
Buckley
was formed of Ewloe, Pentrobin and Bannel (which was formerly a part of the parish of Hawarden), Argoed, and Bistre (the oldest part of the town). Wat's Dyke
Wat's Dyke
formed the western boundary.[3] Prior to then, it was divided between the parishes of Mold and Hawarden. Buckley
Buckley
is part of the Alyn and Deeside
Deeside
UK parliamentary constituency and the Alyn and Deeside
Deeside
Welsh Assembly
Welsh Assembly
constituency. Geography and climate[edit] Buckley
Buckley
is situated in north east Wales
Wales
approximately 6 miles from the border with England to the East. Buckley
Buckley
is in the lee of the Snowdonian mountain range to the west and is therefore in a rain shadow area. Average annual rainfall in Buckley
Buckley
is approximately 700–800 mm (28–31 in) which is significantly lower than areas to the West of the Snowdonian mountain range. However, in comparison to areas in the East and South East of the United Kingdom, Buckley
Buckley
still receives a fair amount of rainfall. Since Buckley
Buckley
is located approximately 130–150 m (430–490 ft) above sea level, snowfall is more frequent in winter months in comparison to the lower lying ground in neighbouring areas. Areas in the parish of Buckley
Buckley
outside the town centre include Bistre, Lane End, Padeswood, Buckley
Buckley
Mountain, Drury, Pentrobin, Bannel, Alltami, and Ewloe. Dialect[edit] Although very few locals speak with a 'Buckley' accent nowadays, due to people moving in and out of the area, and with the proliferation of television and radio, a few of the town's older citizens still speak in a form of the strongly accented dialect, full of colloquialisms, and often unintelligible to outsiders. One of the last remaining pure 'Buckley' speakers was noted linguist Dennis Griffiths, a Buckley resident, who died in 1972, and whose books are the main repository and record of the dialect. A few examples (mainly phonetic) are noted below:

Wunst every blue moon – rarely occurring Thou fries me to death – the limit of boredom A lick and a promise – a quick wash Fasen the fost un fost – fasten the first one first The daddy on um aw – the best of the lot Husht thee naise – be quiet I conna meke thee out – I can't understand you Chunner – Complain

The last 'pure' speaker of the Buckley
Buckley
dialect was Joseph Charles Shone, a foundryman born in 1917, who died in 1987. An example of the Buckley
Buckley
dialect was recorded by community heritage archivist John Butler in 2016. In this item, long-time Buckley
Buckley
resident Margaret Shone recounts one of Dennis Griffiths's specially written stories, an adaptation of the Parable of the Prodigal Son
Parable of the Prodigal Son
into the Buckley dialect.[5] Economy[edit]

The Hanson Cement kiln under construction in 2005.

Today, Buckley
Buckley
has a population of around 20,000, and has numerous light industries. Those who cannot find work locally commute to Deeside, Cheshire, Wrexham
Wrexham
and Merseyside. The Hanson Cement works at Padeswood is the only large scale industry remaining in the town. Its 200 ft kiln is now the major landmark on the skyline, visible from many miles away. Despite many locals considering it an eyesore, according to its website, the company has reduced pollution produced by the cement works by up to 90%.[6] Community facilities[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has a large area of common land, known simply as 'The Common'. It has a large playground for children, as well as a duck pond. A funfair visits during the Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee in the summer, usually on the second Tuesday of July, which is the town jubilee. There is also a small lake, known as 'The Trap', which is stocked with coarse fish. A German Messerschmitt bomber crashed into the Trap during World War II, shot down by anti-aircraft fire after going off course following a bombing run over Liverpool. The land is primarily heavy clay soil. Etna Park, which is just a short walk from the town centre, is part of the Heritage Trail walk in the area. Buckley
Buckley
has a shopping precinct, as well as a supermarket run by Aldi. There is a town-centre car park which is charged at 20p per hour. The town contains a wide variety of public houses, which includes the local working men's club. The local branch of The Royal British Legion closed in 2010 and has since been demolished. Education[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has four primary schools: Westwood County Primary (Formerly known as West Lea infants and Buckley
Buckley
CP – juniors) which is on Tabernacle Street, Southdown Primary School on Linderick Avenue, Mountain Lane Primary School on Knowle Lane, and Drury County Primary on Beech Road, Drury. Buckley
Buckley
has one secondary school, the Elfed High School, located near the Common on Mill Lane. The school includes a sports centre and a swimming pool, for use of both the students and the public. Many students from Buckley
Buckley
also attend Argoed High School, located in nearby Bryn-y-Baal, or the Alun School, in Mold. All schools in Buckley
Buckley
are run by the Flintshire
Flintshire
Local Education Authority. Religion[edit] Buckley
Buckley
is unusual in having two ecclesiastical parishes. The Church of St Matthew is the oldest parish church in the town, and was consecrated in 1822. Bistre Emmanuel Parish Church was built in 1842, despite appearing much older due to its early Gothic-style architecture.[4] The first Primitive Methodist
Primitive Methodist
church in Wales
Wales
is on the outskirts of Buckley, in Alltami. The present St John's United Reformed Church was originally a chapel known as "Chapel in the Meadow", set up by a noncomformist pottery owner, Jonathan Catherall, in 1737. Catherall received special dispensation from Lord Hawkesbury, after whom he named his house, to hold services at his house. As the Church forbade chapels from having bells, he built a bell tower in the grounds of his home. The site of this unique non-conformist bell tower is marked by a mound and plaque near the skate park at the Elfed Sports Complex.[4] The Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic church
Catholic church
in Buckley
Buckley
was built in 2000 to replace a much older building. Other churches in Buckley include Bistre Methodist, Pentrobin Methodist, Buckley
Buckley
Cross Methodist, Bryn Methodist, and Drury Lane Methodist.[7] Culture[edit] Events[edit]

Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee in 1965

Buckley
Buckley
observes an annual regional celebration and march that is over 200 years old called the Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee, which is celebrated on the second Tuesday of July. Officially, however, the Jubilee was begun in 1856. The difference in dates stems from the 'official' date being set when the Buckley
Buckley
Temperance Society first sanctioned the march. The Jubilee is a ceremonial march that begins on "The Common", a large area of common ground owned by the people of the town used for leisure and recreational purposes. The term 'jubilee' was first used in 1871.[8] On the Common starting at around 3pm is a non-denominational Service led by the Minister of the Church/Chapel leading the Jubilee that year. The Sunday before the Jubilee, the leading church is presented with the Centenary Shield, which they hold for the year. A fifteen-minute service takes place, with two hymns accompanied by the Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band. The march then leaves the common, and marches through the town, with representatives from the local Sunday Schools, Scout and Guide troops, and many of the local schools. Banners from each of the local faiths are carried.[4] Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has a famous brass band, the Royal Buckley
Buckley
Town Band. The band is one of only two in the entire United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to have received sanction from a British monarch to use "Royal" in their name. They lead the Jubilee every year. Popular music[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has one nightclub, the Tivoli Nightclub (known locally as "The Tiv"), on Brunswick Road. Formerly both a cinema and a music hall, the Tivoli has seen many bands play there over the years, including Uriah Heep, Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath
and Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
in the early 1970s, and many Britpop
Britpop
bands including Oasis, Ocean Colour Scene
Ocean Colour Scene
and the Super Furry Animals in the 1990s. It has been described as 'one of the finest quirky little venues of our time' and is featured in the DVD
DVD
re-issue of Oasis's album, Definitely Maybe.[9] Between summer 1992 and spring 1993, Radiohead
Radiohead
played there twice.[10] Bands such as Cast, Ash, Stiff Little Fingers, Fun Lovin' Criminals, Skindred, Hed PE
Hed PE
and OPM have all played there. Since a renovation and rebranding in 2000, few bands played live at the venue, with the club music policy having more emphasis on commercial dance and pop music, with a rock night on Fridays. The venue attracts crowds from Chester, Wrexham, Manchester and Liverpool. Radio[edit] The town was also home to a community radio project which used to broadcast 'trial' or 'temporary radio' licences to Buckley, Broughton, Mold, Deeside
Deeside
and the surrounding areas. The station was known as South Flintshire
Flintshire
Radio and its offices were found above the swimming baths on Mold Road. The station was heard on eight separate occasions between November 1996 and July 2000 as part of a campaign to bring a local radio station to Flintshire, following the demise of Mold-based BBC Radio Clwyd. The project helped pave the way for a permanent local radio licence which was awarded to Chester
Chester
FM (known as Dee 106.3) which broadcasts to Chester, Ellesmere Port, Deeside
Deeside
and Buckley. Library[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has a sizable two-storey library, with the second level being dedicated solely to history and reference pieces, mainly on the local area. The second floor also doubles as the local museum. Sport[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has a football club in the Cymru Alliance, Buckley
Buckley
Town F.C.. In addition to the men's team Buckley
Buckley
also has a women's team, Buckley Town Ladies FC, who play in the North Wales
Wales
Coast Women's Football League. The Elfed Sports Complex was built in 2005, near the Elfed High School, and includes a swimming pool, which replaced the outdated, Victorian-style baths on the Mold Road high street. Transport[edit] Road[edit] Buckley
Buckley
is located on the A549 road, and is near the A55 expressway, which passes to the south of Ewloe. Bus[edit] There are a number of bus routes that pass through Buckley, mostly operated by Arriva Buses Wales, which now means on most weekdays a bus to Chester
Chester
or Mold is available every 10 minutes. Rail[edit] Buckley
Buckley
has previously been served by up to three different stations on lines operated by the Wrexham, Mold and Connah's Quay Railway and the Mold Railway.[11] Today, Buckley railway station
Buckley railway station
is a minor stop on the Borderlands Line, which runs from Wrexham
Wrexham
to Bidston
Bidston
on the Wirral. It is operated by Arriva Trains Wales. Trains run every 60 minutes, Monday to Saturday daytimes, and infrequently at other times. Connections can be made at Shotton, Wrexham
Wrexham
General or Bidston
Bidston
railway stations.[12] There are two platforms,[13] one for each direction the line runs in. Air[edit] The nearest major airports are Liverpool
Liverpool
John Lennon Airport and Manchester
Manchester
Airport, both around 45 minutes' drive away, although there are minor airfields in nearby Hawarden
Hawarden
and Broughton. Notable current or former residents[edit]

Tommy Astbury (1920–1993), former footballer with Chester
Chester
City F.C. Frederick Birks, holder of the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
for extreme valour as a first world war soldier.[14] Danny Collins, professional footballer with Grimsby Town.[15] Cherry Dee, former professional glamour model and Page Three girl.[16] Sylvia Heal, now a Labour Member of Parliament.[17] Ann Keen, Labour politician and former MP for Brentford and Isleworth. Howell Elvet Lewis (1860–1953), known as Elfed, a Welsh Congregational minister, hymn-writer, and devotional poet, who served as Archdruid
Archdruid
of the National Eisteddfod of Wales. Elfed High School is named after him. John Lyons, a former professional footballer. Blake Pelly (1907–1990), emigrated to Australia and became an Australian air force officer, politician and businessman. Ryan Shawcross, a professional footballer with Stoke City.[15] James Williams (1880s–1916), a professional footballer who died in active service during the First World War.

See also[edit]

St Matthew's Church, Buckley Elfed High School Buckley
Buckley
Town F.C.

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ "2001 Census: Buckley". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 March 2009.  ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 12 October 2016.  ^ a b c d e f "About Buckley". Buckley
Buckley
History Society. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ a b c d e "History of Buckley". Buckley
Buckley
Town Council. 14 August 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ "The Prodigal Son – a story adapted by Dennis Griffiths". People’s Collection Wales. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "Cleaner and healthier: The new kiln and the environment". Hanson Cement. Archived from the original on 24 August 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2005.  ^ Tattum, George (4 June 2009). " Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee plans finalised". Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ " Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee Procession". Gathering the Jewels. Archived from the original on 20 November 2005. Retrieved 5 August 2005.  ^ "Recapture That Spark". No Rock and Roll Fun. 6 July 2004. Retrieved 25 September 2005.  ^ " Radiohead
Radiohead
gigography". Retrieved 14 June 2006.  ^ "Disused Stations: BUCKLEY (1st) Station". contributed by Paul Wright. Disused Stations. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2016.  ^ "Complete national rail timetable (eNRT) – Network Rail". Network Rail. Retrieved 12 October 2016.  ^ "Buckley". TRAIN INFORMATION SERVICES LIMITED. Retrieved 12 October 2016.  ^ "North East Wales
Wales
hero soldier". BBC. 17 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2011.  ^ a b "North east Wales
Wales
soccer stars paired at Stoke". Wrexham Chronicle. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ "Cherry Dee". IMDB. Retrieved 2 September 2009.  ^ "Sylvia Heal: Electoral history and profile". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 

Bibliography[edit]

Dialect
Dialect
extracts are taken from Dennis Griffiths' book Talk
Talk
of My Town, Buckley
Buckley
Young People's Cultural Association, 1969. It can be borrowed from Buckley
Buckley
Library. Out of This Clay
Clay
Dennis Griffiths 1960 Published by Gee and Son, Ltd., Denbigh The Making of Buckley
Buckley
and District by T.W. Pritchard, Bridge Books, 2006. ISBN 1-84494-031-4

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buckley.

Buckley
Buckley
Town Council Buckley
Buckley
Society BBC North East Wales
Wales
website BBC North East Wales: Buckley
Buckley
Jubilee Photos of Buckley
Buckley
and surrounding area on geograph.org.uk

v t e

Flintshire

Principal settlements

Afonwen Bagillt Buckley Caerwys Connah's Quay Ewloe Flint Holywell Mold Queensferry Saltney Shotton

Towns and villages

Abermorddu Alltami Aston Park Bretton Broughton Bryn-y-Baal Brynford Cadole Caergwrle Calcoed Carmel Cefn-y-Bedd Cilcain Coed Talon Cymau Deeside Drury Ffrith Flint Mountain Ffynnongroew Greenfield Gronant Glyncorrwg Gwernaffield Gwernymynydd Halkyn Hawarden Holway Higher Kinnerton Hope Leeswood Llanfynydd Llanasa Leadmill Mancot Mostyn Mynydd Isa Nannerch Nercwys Northop Northop
Northop
Hall Oakenholt Pantasaph Pantymwyn Pentre Halkyn Penyffordd
Penyffordd
(Buckley) Pen-y-Ffordd (Holywell) Penymynydd Pontblyddyn Rhosesmor Rhes-y-Cae Rhydymwyn Sealand Soughton/Sychdyn Saltney
Saltney
Ferry Talacre Trelawnyd Trelogan Treuddyn Whitford Ysceifiog

Geography

Alyn Gorge Bretton Bridge Caerwys
Caerwys
Rectory Clwydian Range Dee Estuary Flintshire
Flintshire
Bridge The Gop Greenfield Valley Heritage Park Moel Famau Moel y Gaer Moel y Parc Mostyn
Mostyn
Colliery Nant-y-Ffrith Ogof Nadolig Point of Ayr Point of Ayr
Point of Ayr
Gas Terminal River Alyn River Cegidog River Dee River Terrig Talacre
Talacre
Beach Wepre Park

Parliamentary representation

List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd Flintshire East Flintshire West Flintshire

Community councils

Argoed Bagillt Broughton and Bretton Brynford Buckley Caerwys Cilcain Connah's Quay Flint Gwernaffield Gwernymynydd Halkyn Hawarden Higher Kinnerton Holywell Hope Leeswood Llanasa Llanfynydd Mold Mostyn Nannerch Nercwys Northop Northop
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Topics

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