BUCKLEY (Welsh : _Bwcle_ ) is a town and community in
Wales , 2 miles (3.2 km) from the county town of Mold and
contiguous with the villages of
Mynydd Isa . It is
on the A549 road, with the larger
A55 road passing nearby.
Buckley is the second largest town in
Flintshire in terms of
population. At the 2011 Census , its community had a population of
15,665., with the contiguous Argoed community
Buckley has a
population of 21,502.
A prominent nearby landmark is the
Hanson Cement kiln just south of
* 1 History
* 2 Governance
* 3 Geography and climate
* 5 Economy
* 6 Community facilities
* 7 Education
* 8 Religion
* 9 Culture
* 9.1 Events
* 9.2 Royal
Buckley Town Band
* 9.3 Popular music
* 9.4 Radio
* 10 Sport
* 11 Transport
* 11.1 Road
* 11.2 Bus
* 11.3 Rail
* 11.4 Air
* 12 Notable current or former residents
* 13 See also
* 14 References
* 14.1 Notes
* 14.2 Bibliography
* 15 External links
Buckley was an
Anglo-Saxon location, with some of its houses later
recorded in the Norman _
Domesday Book _ of the 11th century. However,
the first documented evidence of its existence dates from 1294 when it
was described as the pasturage of the Manor of Ewloe, spelled as
Buckley may derive from the
Old English _bok lee_, meaning
meadow, or field. The likely meaning of the name was "clearing in a
beech wood" (with _boc_ meaning beech tree and _ley_ meaning wood,
glade or clearing). The name could also have been construed from
_bucc_, a buck or deer; or _bwlch y clai_, meaning clay hole.
In 1420, Henry V presented
Ewloe and the pastorage of
Buckley to his
Catherine of Valois
Catherine of Valois , as a wedding present. It was worth £26
The town became an industrial heartland for pottery and coal mining
between the 17th and 19th centuries. The first was opened in 1737.
However, it only grew into any kind of prominence during the
Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, when coal and clay were
extensively mined there, and the name
Buckley became synonymous with
the production of various fire-clay and pottery products. By the early
19th century, there were 14 potteries in the town.
Buckley was a popular location for mining , as there were many faults
in local rock formations that allowed seams of coal to be mined
directly from the surface. Its heavy, clay soil also allowed for
excellent pottery and bricks to be manufactured. Bricks from Buckley
were transported all across the
United Kingdom and as far as the
United States, as
Buckley became a brickworking centre. A great deal
of people moved into the area, particularly from
Ireland and Liverpool
to find work in the mining and brick industries, giving the town a
distinctive accent . Many pottery and earthenware products
manufactured were taken on the backs of donkeys to either Chester
market or exported via the River Dee , as early as the reign of
Elizabeth I . The last pottery kiln was fired in 1946. The site of the
brickworks is now being redeveloped as a housing estate. However, a
local cement works is still in operation.
In 1932, a tradition started in
Buckley of running an annual
pantomime . Dennis Griffiths produced a version of
Dick Whittington in
1933, and ran the pantomime for 27 years, famously using the programme
to invite any and all complaints to arrive written "on the back of a
10 shilling note (non-returnable)".
Second World War
Second World War , a
Luftwaffe plane, most likely
on its way to blitz
Liverpool was shot down and crash landed in a
nearby district, with the plane's engine crashing into a small lake
known locally as 'The Trap'. The pilot survived, captured by a Special
Constable , Peter Griffiths and taken to
Hawarden Prisoner of War
Urban district status was conferred on the town in 1898; at this
time, the area comprised two parishes,
Buckley (1874) and Bistre
(1844). The urban district of
Buckley was formed of
Ewloe , Pentrobin
and Bannel (which was formerly a part of the parish of
Argoed, and Bistre (the oldest part of the town). Wat\'s Dyke formed
the western boundary.
Prior to then, it was divided between the parishes of Mold and
Buckley is part of the Alyn and
Deeside UK parliamentary
constituency and the Alyn and
Welsh Assembly constituency .
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Buckley is situated in north east
Wales approximately 6 miles from
the border with England to the East.
Buckley is in the lee of the
Snowdonian mountain range to the west and is therefore in a rain
shadow area. Average annual rainfall in
Buckley is approximately
700–800 mm (28–31 in) which is significantly lower than areas to
the West of the Snowdonian mountain range. However, in comparison to
areas in the East and South East of the United Kingdom,
receives a fair amount of rainfall. Since
Buckley is located
approximately 130–150 m (430–490 ft) above sea level, snowfall is
more frequent in winter months in comparison to the lower lying ground
in neighbouring areas.
Areas in the parish of
Buckley outside the town centre include
Bistre, Lane End, Padeswood,
Buckley Mountain, Drury, Pentrobin,
Alltami , and
Although very few locals speak with a 'Buckley' accent nowadays, due
to people moving in and out of the area, and with the proliferation of
television and radio, a few of the town's older citizens still speak
in a form of the strongly accented dialect , full of colloquialisms ,
and often unintelligible to outsiders. One of the last remaining pure
'Buckley' speakers was noted linguist Dennis Griffiths, a Buckley
resident, who died in 1972, and whose books are the main repository
and record of the dialect. A few examples (mainly phonetic ) are noted
* _Wunst every blue moon_ – rarely occurring
* _Thou fries me to death_ – the limit of boredom
* _A lick and a promise_ – a quick wash
* _Fasen the fost un fost_ – fasten the first one first
* _The daddy on um aw_ – the best of the lot
* _Husht thee naise_ – be quiet
* _I conna meke thee out_ – I can't understand you
* _Chunner_ – Complain
The last 'pure' speaker of the
Buckley dialect was Joseph Charles
Shone, a foundryman born in 1917, who died in 1987. An example of the
Buckley dialect was recorded by community heritage archivist John
Butler in 2016. In this item, long-time
Buckley resident Margaret
Shone recounts one of Dennis Griffiths's specially written stories, an
adaptation of the
Parable of the Prodigal Son into the Buckley
Hanson Cement kiln under construction in 2010.
Buckley has a population of around 20,000, and has numerous
light industries. Those who cannot find work locally commute to
Hanson Cement works at Padeswood is the only large scale industry
remaining in the town. Its 200 ft kiln is now the major landmark on
the skyline, visible from many miles away. Despite many locals
considering it an eyesore, according to its website, the company has
reduced pollution produced by the cement works by up to 90%.
Buckley has a large area of common land , known simply as 'The
Common'. It has a large playground for children, as well as a duck
pond. A funfair visits during the
Buckley Jubilee in the summer,
usually on the second Tuesday of July, which is the town jubilee.
There is also a small lake, known as 'The Trap', which is stocked
with coarse fish . A German
Messerschmitt bomber crashed into the Trap
World War II , shot down by anti-aircraft fire after going off
course following a bombing run over
Liverpool . The land is primarily
heavy clay soil.
Etna Park , which is just a short walk from the town
centre, is part of the Heritage Trail walk in the area.
Buckley has a shopping precinct, as well as two supermarkets , one
Budgens , and the other by
Aldi . There is a town-centre car
park which is charged at 20p per hour. The town contains a wide
variety of public houses , which includes the local working men\'s
club . The local branch of
The Royal British Legion closed in 2010 and
has since been demolished.
Buckley has four primary schools : Westwood County Primary (Formerly
known as West Lea infants and
Buckley CP – juniors) which is on
Tabernacle Street, Southdown Primary School on Linderick Avenue,
Mountain Lane Primary School on Knowle Lane, and Drury County Primary
on Beech Road, Drury.
Buckley has one secondary school , the
Elfed High School , located
near the Common on Mill Lane. The school includes a sports centre and
a swimming pool , for use of both the students and the public. Many
Buckley also attend
Argoed High School , located in
Bryn-y-Baal , or the
Alun School , in Mold. All schools in
Buckley are run by the
Flintshire Local Education Authority .
Buckley is unusual in having two ecclesiastical parishes. The Church
of St Matthew is the oldest parish church in the town, and was
consecrated in 1822. Bistre Emmanuel Parish Church was built in 1842,
despite appearing much older due to its early Gothic-style
architecture . The first
Primitive Methodist church in
Wales is on
the outskirts of Buckley, in
The present St John's United Reformed Church was originally a chapel
known as "Chapel in the Meadow", set up by a noncomformist pottery
owner, Jonathan Catherall, in 1737. Catherall received special
Lord Hawkesbury , after whom he named his house, to
hold services at his house. As the Church forbade chapels from having
bells, he built a bell tower in the grounds of his home. The site of
this unique non-conformist bell tower is marked by a mound and plaque
near the skate park at the Elfed Sports Complex.
The Our Lady of the Rosary
Catholic church in
Buckley was built in
2000 to replace a much older building. Other churches in Buckley
include Bistre Methodist, Pentrobin Methodist,
Methodist, Bryn Methodist, and Drury Lane Methodist.
Buckley Jubilee in 1965
Buckley observes an annual regional celebration and march that is
over 200 years old called the
Buckley Jubilee, which is celebrated on
the second Tuesday of July. Officially, however, the Jubilee was begun
in 1856. The difference in dates stems from the 'official' date being
set when the
Buckley Temperance Society first sanctioned the march.
The Jubilee is a ceremonial march that begins on "The Common", a large
area of common ground owned by the people of the town used for leisure
and recreational purposes. The term 'jubilee' was first used in 1871.
On the Common starting at around 3pm is a non-denominational Service
led by the Minister of the Church/Chapel leading the Jubilee that
year. The Sunday before the Jubilee, the leading church is presented
with the Centenary Shield, which they hold for the year. A
fifteen-minute service takes place, with two hymns accompanied by the
Buckley Town Band. The march then leaves the common, and marches
through the town, with representatives from the local Sunday Schools ,
Scout and Guide troops, and many of the local schools. Banners from
each of the local faiths are carried.
ROYAL BUCKLEY TOWN BAND
Buckley has a famous brass band , the Royal
Buckley Town Band. The
band is one of only two in the entire
United Kingdom to have received
sanction from a British monarch to use "Royal " in their name. They
lead the Jubilee every year.
Buckley has one nightclub, the Tivoli Nightclub (known locally as
"The Tiv"), on Brunswick Road. Formerly both a cinema and a music
hall, the Tivoli has seen many bands play there over the years,
including Uriah Heep ,
Black Sabbath and
Led Zeppelin in the early
1970s, and many
Britpop bands including Oasis ,
Ocean Colour Scene and
Super Furry Animals in the 1990s. It has been described as 'one of
the finest quirky little venues of our time' and is featured in the
DVD re-issue of Oasis's album, _
Definitely Maybe _. Between summer
1992 and spring 1993,
Radiohead played there twice. Bands such as
Cast , Ash ,
Stiff Little Fingers , Fun Lovin\' Criminals ,
Hed PE and OPM have all played there. Since a renovation and
rebranding in 2000, few bands played live at the venue, with the club
music policy having more emphasis on commercial dance and pop music,
with a rock night on Fridays. The venue attracts crowds from
The town was also home to a community radio project which used to
broadcast 'trial' or 'temporary radio' licences to Buckley, Broughton
, Mold ,
Deeside and the surrounding areas. The station was known as
Flintshire Radio and its offices were found above the swimming
baths on Mold Road. The station was heard on eight separate occasions
between November 1996 and July 2000 as part of a campaign to bring a
local radio station to
Flintshire , following the demise of Mold-based
BBC Radio Clwyd. The project helped pave the way for a permanent local
radio licence which was awarded to
Chester FM (known as
Dee 106.3 )
which broadcasts to
Ellesmere Port ,
Deeside and Buckley.
Buckley has a sizable two-storey library , with the second level
being dedicated solely to history and reference pieces, mainly on the
local area. The second floor also doubles as the local museum .
Buckley has a football club in the
Cymru Alliance ,
Buckley Town F.C.
. In addition to the men's team
Buckley also has a women's team,
Buckley Town Ladies FC, who play in the North
Wales Coast Women's
The Elfed Sports Complex was built in 2005, near the Elfed High
School , and includes a swimming pool, which replaced the outdated,
Victorian-style baths on the Mold Road high street.
Buckley is located on the
A549 road , and is near the A55 expressway
, which passes to the south of
There are a number of bus routes that pass through Buckley, mostly
operated by Arriva Buses
Wales , which now means on most weekdays a
Chester or Mold is available every 10 minutes.
Buckley has previously been served by up to three different stations
on lines operated by the Wrexham, Mold and Connah\'s Quay Railway and
Mold Railway .
Buckley railway station is a minor stop on the Borderlands
Line , which runs from
Bidston on the Wirral . It is
operated by Arriva Trains
Wales . Trains run every 60 minutes, Monday
to Saturday daytimes, and infrequently at other times. Connections can
be made at Shotton ,
Wrexham General or
Bidston railway stations.
There are two platforms, one for each direction the line runs in.
The nearest major airports are
Liverpool John Lennon Airport and
Manchester Airport , both around 45 minutes' drive away, although
there are minor airfields in nearby
Hawarden and Broughton .
NOTABLE CURRENT OR FORMER RESIDENTS
Tommy Astbury (1920–1993), former footballer with
Frederick Birks , holder of the
Victoria Cross for extreme valour
as a first world war soldier.
* Danny Collins , professional footballer with
Grimsby Town .
Cherry Dee , former professional glamour model and Page Three girl
Sylvia Heal , now a Labour
Member of Parliament .
Ann Keen , Labour politician and former MP for Brentford and
Howell Elvet Lewis (1860–1953), known as Elfed, a Welsh
Congregational minister, hymn-writer, and devotional poet, who served
Archdruid of the National Eisteddfod of
Wales . Elfed High School
is named after him.
* John Lyons , a former professional footballer.
Blake Pelly (1907–1990), emigrated to Australia and became an
Australian air force officer, politician and businessman.
Ryan Shawcross , a professional footballer with
Stoke City .
* James Williams (1880s–1916), a professional footballer who died
in active service during the
First World War .
* St Matthew\'s Church,
Elfed High School
Buckley Town F.C.
* ^ "2001 Census: Buckley". Office for National Statistics.
Retrieved 18 March 2009.
* ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 12 October 2016.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ "About Buckley".
Society. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ "History of Buckley".
Buckley Town Council.
14 August 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2009.
* ^ "The Prodigal Son – a story adapted by Dennis Griffiths".