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Bryggen
Bryggen
(the dock), also known as Tyskebryggen (Norwegian: [ˈtyskəˌbryɡːn̩], the German dock), is a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the Vågen harbour in Bergen, Norway. Bryggen
Bryggen
has since 1979 been on the UNESCO
UNESCO
list for World Cultural Heritage
World Cultural Heritage
sites. The city of Bergen
Bergen
was founded around 1070 within the original boundaries of Tyskebryggen. Around 1350 a Kontor
Kontor
of the Hanseatic League was established there, and Tyskebryggen became the centre of the Hanseatic commercial activities in Norway. Today, Bryggen
Bryggen
houses museums, shops, restaurants and pubs. History[edit] Bergen
Bergen
was established before 1070 AD.[1] [Later] "in the Middle Ages, Bryggen
Bryggen
encompassed all buildings between the road Stretet (Øvregaten) and the ocean from Holmen in the North, to Vågsbunnen in the South".[2] Within this area, the city was founded, according to the Sagas, says encyclopedia Store Norske Leksikon.[2] One of the earliest pier constructions has been dated to around 1100, says Store Norske Leksikon.[2] The existing buildings are of a much later date. "Only Schøtstuene and the buildings towards Julehuset [part of Holmedalsgården], are originals from 1702", according to guide Thomas De Ridder.[3] Around 1350 an office of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
was established there.[1][4] As the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The buildings of Bryggen
Bryggen
were gradually taken over by the Hanseatic merchants. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly stockfish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe. In 1702, the buildings belonging to the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
were damaged by fire.[5] They were rebuilt, and some of these were later demolished, and some were destroyed by fire.[5] In 1754, the operations of the office at Bryggen, ended "when all the properties were transferred to Norwegian citizens".[2] Throughout history, Bergen
Bergen
has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, around a quarter dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century. Parts of Bryggen
Bryggen
were destroyed in a fire in 1955. A thirteen-year archaeological excavation followed, revealing the day-to-day runic inscriptions known as the Bryggen
Bryggen
inscriptions.[6] The Bryggen
Bryggen
museum was built in 1976 on part of the site cleared by the fire.

Panoramic view of Bryggen

Architectural heritage[edit] Bryggen
Bryggen
was listed as a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1979, by Criterion (iii): Bryggen
Bryggen
bears the traces of social organization and illustrates the use of space in a quarter of Hanseatic merchants that dates back to the 14th century. It is a type of northern “fondaco”, unequalled in the world, where the structures have remained within the cityscape and perpetuate the memory of one of the oldest large trading ports of Northern Europe. Notable houses at Bryggen
Bryggen
include Bellgården (a 300-year-old building),[7] Svensgården, Enhjørningsgården, Bredsgården, Bugården,[8] Engelgården. The oldest and tallest building in the area is St Mary's Church. Streets include Jacobsfjorden.[9] Museums include Bryggens Museum
Bryggens Museum
and Hanseatic Museum and Schøtstuene. References[edit]

^ a b Bergen
Bergen
– historie ^ a b c d Bryggen
Bryggen
i Bergen ^ - Bryggen
Bryggen
er mer enn bergensere flest ser [- Bryggen
Bryggen
is more than most Bergensers can see] ^ Bryggen
Bryggen
at whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 14 June 2016. ^ a b Det tyske kontor [The German kontor] ^ Aslak Liestol, 'The Runes of Bergen: Voices from the Middle Ages', Minnesota History, 40. 2 (1966), 49-58. ^ Setter sammen 300 år gammelt puslespill ^ Bryggen
Bryggen
skal reise tilbake i tid ^ Velkommen som kremmer - Det kommer ingen ridder i skinnende rustning for å redde Bryggen. Du må redde den selv. [Welcome as a shopkeeper - No knight in shining armour will come to save Bryggen. You must save it yourself.]

Bryggen

Bergen
Bergen
harbour panorama

Bryggen
Bryggen
by night

Play media

Short video of a walk through Bryggen

v t e

Members of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
by Quarter

Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
shown in italics.

Wendish

Lübeck

Anklam Demmin Greifswald Hamburg Kolberg (Kołobrzeg) Lüneburg Rostock Rügenwalde (Darłowo) Stettin (Szczecin) Stolp (Słupsk) Stockholm Stralsund Visby Wismar

Saxon

Brunswick Magdeburg

Berlin Bremen Erfurt Frankfurt an der Oder Goslar Mühlhausen Nordhausen

Baltic

Danzig (Gdańsk)

Breslau (Wrocław) Dorpat (Tartu) Elbing (Elbląg) Königsberg
Königsberg
(Kaliningrad) Cracow (Kraków) Reval (Tallinn) Riga
Riga
(Rīga) Thorn (Toruń)

Westphalian

Cologne
Cologne
1 Dortmund
Dortmund
1

Deventer Groningen Kampen Münster Osnabrück Soest

Kontore

Principal

Bryggen
Bryggen
(Bergen) Hanzekantoor

Bruges Antwerp2 

Steelyard
Steelyard
(London) Peterhof (Novgorod)

Subsidiary

Bishop's Lynn Falsterbo Ipswich Kaunas Malmö Polotsk Pskov

Other cities

Bristol Boston Damme Leith Herford Hull Newcastle Stargard Yarmouth York Zutphen Zwolle

1 Cologne
Cologne
and Dortmund
Dortmund
were both capital of the Westphalian Quarter at different times. 2 Antwerp
Antwerp
gained importance once Bruges
Bruges
became inaccessible due to the silting of the Zwin
Zwin
channel.

v t e

World Heritage
World Heritage
Sites in Norway

Northern

Rock Art of Alta Struve Geodetic Arc1 Vegaøyan
Vegaøyan
– The Vega Archipelago

Trøndelag

Røros
Røros
Mining Town

Western

Bryggen Urnes Stave Church West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord
Geirangerfjord
and Nærøyfjord

Eastern

Rjukan–Notodden Industrial Heritage Site

1 Shared with nine other countries

v t e

Neighbourhoods of Bergen, Norway

Arna

Espeland Indre Arna Ytre Arna

Årstad

Gyldenpris Kronstad Landås Løvstakksiden Minde Nattland Solheim Slettebakken

Åsane

Eidsvåg Flaktveit

Bergenhus

Bryggen Eidemarken Engen Fjellet Kalfaret Ladegården Marken Møhlenpris Nordnes Nygård Nøstet Sandviken Sentrum Skansen Skuteviken Strandsiden Stølen Sydnes Verftet Vågsbunnen Ytre Sandviken

Fana

Fanahammeren Nattland Nesttun Paradis

Fyllingsdalen

Bønes Nedre Fyllingen Traudalen

Laksevåg

Alvøen Bjørndal Drotningsvik Godvik Gravdal Hetlevik Håkonshella Kjøkkelvik Loddefjord Loddefjorddalen Mathopen Olsvik Vadmyra

Ytrebygda

.