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Peter Chardon Brooks
Peter Chardon Brooks
Adams (June 24, 1848 – February 13, 1927) was an American historian, political scientist and a critic of capitalism.[1]

Contents

1 Career overview 2 Portraits 3 Family tree 4 Works

4.1 Essays 4.2 Other

5 References 6 Bibliography 7 Further reading 8 External links

Career overview[edit] He graduated from Harvard University
Harvard University
in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871. Adams believed that commercial civilizations rise and fall in predictable cycles. First, masses of people draw together in large population centers and engage in commercial activities. As their desire for wealth grows, they discard spiritual and creative values. Their greed leads to distrust and dishonesty, and eventually the society crumbles. In The Law of Civilization and Decay (1895),[2] Adams noted that as new population centers emerged in the west, centers of world trade shifted from Constantinople
Constantinople
to Venice
Venice
to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
to London. He predicted in America's Economic Supremacy (1900) that New York would become the center of world trade. Adams was a great-grandson of John Adams, a grandson of John Quincy Adams, the youngest son of U.S. diplomat Charles Francis Adams, and brother to Henry Adams, philosopher, historian, and novelist, whose theories of history were influenced by his work. His maternal grandfather was Peter Chardon Brooks, the wealthiest man in Boston at the time of his death. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1918.[3] In 1889, Adams married Evelyn Davis, the daughter of Admiral Charles Henry Davis. They did not have children.[4] Evelyn Davis's sister Anna was the wife of Henry Cabot Lodge. Her sister Louisa was the wife of John Dandridge Henley Luce, the son of Stephen Luce. Portraits[edit]

Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
with horse and dog, photograph by Marian Hooper Adams, ca. 1883.

Picture of Brooks Adams, n.d.

Family tree[edit]

v t e

Adams family tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Adams (1735–1826)

 

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
(née Smith) (1744–1818)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Stephens Smith (1755–1815)

 

Abigail Amelia Adams Smith (1765–1813)

 

John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams (1767–1848)

 

Louisa Catherine Adams (née Johnson) (1775–1852)

 

Charles Adams (1770–1800)

 

Thomas Boylston Adams (1772–1832)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Washington
George Washington
Adams (1801–1829)

 

John Adams
John Adams
II (1803–1834)

 

Charles Francis Adams Sr. (1807–1886)

 

Abigail Brown Adams (née Brooks) (1808–1889)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frances Cadwalader Crowninshield (1839–1911)

 

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
II (1833–1894)

 

Charles Francis Adams Jr. (1835–1915)

 

Henry Brooks Adams (1838–1918)

 

Marian Hooper Adams (1843–1885)

 

Peter Chardon Brooks
Peter Chardon Brooks
Adams (1848–1927)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Casper Adams (1863–1900)

 

Charles Francis Adams III (1866–1954)

 

Frances Adams (née Lovering) (1869–1956)

 

 

 

 

John Adams (1875–1964)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charles Francis Adams IV (1910–1999)

 

Catherine Lovering Adams Morgan (1902–1988)

 

Henry Sturgis Morgan (1900–1982)

 

Thomas Boylston Adams (1910–1997)

 

Notes:

Works[edit]

The Emancipation of Massachusetts: The Dream and the Reality, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1919 [1st Pub. 1887]. The Gold Standard: An Historical Study, Alfred Mudge & Son, 1894. The Law of Civilization and Decay: An Essay on History, The Macmillan Company, 1895. America's Economic Supremacy, The Macmillan Co., 1900. The New Empire, The Macmillan Company, 1902. Railways as Public Agents: A Study in Sovereignty, Boston, 1910. Theory of Social Revolutions, The Macmillan Company, 1913.

Essays[edit]

"The Spanish War and the Equilibrium of the World," The Forum 25 (6), August 1898. "The New Struggle for Life Among Nations," McClure's Magazine 12 (6), April 1899. "England's Decadence in the West Indies," The Forum, June 1899. "War and Economic Competition," Scribner's 31 (3), March 1902. "John Hay," McClure's Magazine 19 (2), June 1902. "Legal Supervision of the Transportation Tax," The North American Review, September 1904. "Nature of Law: Methods and Aim of Legal Education." In: Centralization and the Law: Scientific Legal Education. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1906. "Law Under Inequality: Monopoly." In: Centralization and the Law: Scientific Legal Education. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1906. "A Problem in Civilization," The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. CVI, 1910. "The Collapse of Capitalistic Government," The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. CXI, 1913.

Other[edit]

Henry Adams, The Degradation of the Democratic Dogma, with an introduction by Brooks Adams. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1919.

References[edit]

^ "The new international encyclopaedia". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ Ludovici, Anthony (1944). "The Law of Civilization and Decay," The New English Weekly 25, pp. 177–178. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 1 April 2011.  ^ Ancestry.com. 1900 United States
United States
Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: United States
United States
of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.

Bibliography[edit]

American National Biography, vol. 1, pp. 70–71. World Book
World Book
Encyclopedia 1988. “Adams, Brooks,” The New International Encyclopædia. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1905. “Adams, Charles Francis,” Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1900. “Adams, Brooks” in The Encyclopedia Americana. New York, 1920. “Adams, Brooks,” Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F. Collier & Son Co., 1921.

Further reading[edit]

Aaron, Daniel. "The Unusable Man: An Essay on the Mind of Brooks Adams," The New England Quarterly 21 (1), March, 1948. Anderson, Thornton. Brooks Adams, Constructive Conservative, Cornell University Press, 1951. Beisner, Robert L. " Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
and Charles Francis Adams, Jr.: Historians of Massachusetts," The New England Quarterly 35 (1), March, 1962. Beringause, Arthur F. Brooks Adams; a Biography, Knopf, 1955. Brands, H. W. "Brooks Adams: Marx for Imperialists," in The Struggle for the Soul of Foreign Policy, Cambridge University Press, 1998. Donovan, Timothy Paul. Henry Adams
Henry Adams
and Brooks Adams; the Education of Two American Historians, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. Harris, Wilhelmina S. "The Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
I Knew," Proceedings of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 80, 1968. Madison, Charles A. "Brooks Adams: Jeremian Critic of Capitalism," The Antioch Review 4 (3), Autumn, 1944. Mallan, John P. "Roosevelt, Brooks Adams, and Lea: The Warrior Critique of the Business Civilization," American Quarterly 8 (3), Autumn, 1956. Marotta, Gary. "The Economics of American Empire: The View of Brooks Adams and Charles Arthur Conant," The American Economist 19 (2), Fall, 1975. Nagel, Paul C. " Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
after Half a Century," Proceedings of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 90, 1978. Tonsor, Stephen. "Adams, Brooks," First Principles, June 2012. Whiting, John. The Economics of Human Energy in Brooks Adams, Ezra Pound, and Robert Theobald, 1971.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Brooks Adams

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Brooks Adams

Works by Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
at Internet Archive Works by Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks) The Adams Memorial: Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(1848-1927). Guide to Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
papers at Houghton Library, Harvard University. Guide to Correspondence of Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
with American novelist Henry Adams at Houghton Library, Harvard University. Encyclopædia Britannica: Brooks Adams Unitarian Universalist Historical Society: Peter Charadon Brooks Adams Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(1848-1927): Biographical Essay Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
at Find a Grave

v t e

John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams

United States
United States
House of Representatives, 1831–1848 6th President of the United States, 1825–1829 8th U.S. Secretary of State, 1817–1825 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1814–1817 1st U.S. Minister to Russia, 1809–1814 Massachusetts
Massachusetts
State Senate, 1803–1808 U.S. Minister to Prussia, 1797–1801 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1794–1797

Presidency

Inauguration American System Internal improvements Tariff of 1828 First Treaty of Prairie du Chien Treaty of Fond du Lac Treaty of Limits United States
United States
Naval Observatory Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori State of the Union Address, 1825 1827 1828 Federal judiciary appointments

Other events

Monroe Doctrine, author Treaty of Ghent Adams–Onís Treaty Treaty of 1818 Smithsonian Institution United States
United States
v. The Amistad

Mendi Bible

President, American Academy of Arts and Sciences President, Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences

Writings

Lifelong diary Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society holdings

Adams Papers Editorial Project

Life and homes

Early life Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Cairn John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
and abolitionism Adams National Historical Park

Birthplace and family home Peacefield Presidential Library

United First Parish Church and gravesite

Elections

United States
United States
presidential election, 1824

Corrupt Bargain

United States
United States
presidential election, 1828

Legacy

Adams Memorial Adams House at Harvard University U.S. Postage stamps Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
Centennial half dollar

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1957 book 1965 television series) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Mutiny on the Amistad
Mutiny on the Amistad
(1987 book) Amistad (1997 film) John Adams
John Adams
(2001 book 2008 miniseries)

Adams family Quincy family

Louisa Adams
Louisa Adams
(wife) George W. Adams (son) Charles Adams Sr. (son) John Adams
John Adams
II (son) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(grandson) Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(grandson) John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
II (grandson) John Adams

father presidency

Abigail Adams

mother First Lady Quincy family

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Smith (sister) Charles Adams (brother) Thomas Boylston Adams (brother) John Adams
John Adams
Sr. (paternal grandfather) Susanna Boylston (paternal grandmother) Elihu Adams (paternal uncle) John Quincy
John Quincy
(great-grandfather)

Related

National Republican Party Republicanism Quincy Patriot

← James Monroe Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson

Category

v t e

John Adams

2nd President of the United States, 1797–1801 1st Vice President of the United States, 1789–1797 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1785–1788 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1782–1788 Delegate, Second Continental Congress, 1775–1778 Delegate, First Continental Congress, 1774

Founding of the United States

Braintree Instructions (1765) Boston Massacre defense Continental Association Novanglus; A History of the Dispute with America, From Its Origin in 1754 to the Present Time (1775) Thoughts on Government
Thoughts on Government
(1776) Declaration of Independence

May 15 preamble Committee of Five

Model Treaty

Treaty of Amity and Commerce Treaty of Alliance

Board of War Chairman of the Marine Committee, 1775-1779

Continental Navy

Staten Island Peace Conference

Conference House

Constitution of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
(1780) Treaty of Paris, 1783

Presidency

Inauguration Quasi War with France

XYZ Affair Commerce Protection Act United States
United States
Marine Corps Convention of 1800

Alien and Sedition Acts

Naturalization Act of 1798

Navy Department Library Treaty of Tellico Treaty of Tripoli Midnight Judges Act

Marbury v. Madison

State of the Union Address (1797 1798 1799 1800) Cabinet Federal judiciary appointments

Other writings

Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Historical Society holdings

Adams Papers Editorial Project

Life and homes

Early life and education Adams National Historical Park

John Adams
John Adams
Birthplace Family home and John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
birthplace Peacefield Presidential Library

Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Hall, Harvard University Presidents House, Philadelphia Co-founder and second president, American Academy of Arts and Sciences United First Parish Church and gravesite

Elections

United States
United States
presidential election 1788–1789 1792 1796 1800

Legacy

Adams House at Harvard University John Adams
John Adams
Building U.S. Postage stamps Adams Memorial

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1964 series) American Primitive (1969 play) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) John Adams
John Adams
(2001 book 2008 miniseries) Sons of Liberty (2015 miniseries)

Related

"Adams and Liberty" campaign song Adams' personal library American Enlightenment Congress Hall Federalist Party

Federalist Era First Party System republicanism

American Philosophical Society Gazette of the United States The American Museum American Revolution

patriots

Family

Abigail Adams

wife Quincy family

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Smith (daughter) John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams

son presidency

Charles Adams (son) Thomas Boylston Adams (son) George W. Adams (grandson) Charles Adams Sr. (grandson) John Adams
John Adams
II (grandson) John Q. Adams (great-grandson) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(great-grandson) Brooks Adams
Brooks Adams
(great-grandson) John Adams
John Adams
Sr. (father) Susanna Boylston (mother) Elihu Adams (brother) Samuel Adams
Samuel Adams
(second cousin) Louisa Adams

daughter-in-law First Lady

← George Washington Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7382668 LCCN: n50036834 ISNI: 0000 0001 1020 5315 GND: 118643770 SUDOC: 082538727 BNF: cb10879536j (data) ULAN: 500360116 BNE: XX5126143 SN

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