HOME
The Info List - Brooklyn


--- Advertisement ---



Coordinates: 40°41′34″N 73°59′25″W / 40.69278°N 73.99028°W / 40.69278; -73.99028

Brooklyn Kings County

Borough of New York City County of New York State

Clockwise from top left: Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bridge, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
brownstones, Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough Hall, Coney Island

Flag

Seal

Motto(s): Eendraght Maeckt Maght ("Unity makes strength")

Location of Brooklyn, shown in red, in New York City

Coordinates: 40°37′29″N 73°57′8″W / 40.62472°N 73.95222°W / 40.62472; -73.95222

Country   United States
United States
of America

State  New York

County Kings (Coterminous)

City  New York City

Settled 1634

Named for Breukelen, Netherlands

Government

 • Type Borough (New York City)

 • Borough President Eric Adams (D) — (Borough of Brooklyn)

 • District Attorney Eric Gonzalez (D) — (Kings County)

Area

 • Total 97 sq mi (250 km2)

 • Land 71 sq mi (180 km2)

 • Water 26 sq mi (70 km2)

Population (2017)

 • Total 2,648,771[1]

 • Density 37,306.6/sq mi (14,404.2/km2)

 • Demonym Brooklynite, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
people (plural)

ZIP Code
ZIP Code
prefix 112

Area code(s) 718/347/929, 917

Website www.Brooklyn-USA.org

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(/ˈbrʊklɪn/) is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.[1] It borders the borough of Queens
Queens
at the southwestern end of the same Long Island, and has several bridge connections to the nearby boroughs of Staten Island
Staten Island
and Manhattan. Since 1896, the borough has been coterminous with Kings County, the most populous county in the U.S. state of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after the county of New York (which is coextensive with the borough of Manhattan).[2] With a land area of 71 square miles (180 km2) and water area of 26 square miles (67 km2), Kings County is New York's fourth-smallest county by land area and third-smallest by total area, though it is the second-largest among the city's five boroughs.[3] Today, if New York City
New York City
dissolved, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
would rank as the third-most populous city in the U.S. after Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Chicago. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was an independent incorporated city (and previously an authorized village and town within the provisions of the New York State Constitution) until January 1, 1898, when, after a long political campaign and public relations battle during the 1890s, according to the new Municipal Charter of "Greater New York", Brooklyn was consolidated with the other cities, boroughs, and counties to form the modern "City of New York," surrounding the Upper New York Bay with five constituent boroughs. The borough continues, however, to maintain a distinct culture. Many Brooklyn
Brooklyn
neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves. Brooklyn's official motto, displayed on the Borough seal and flag, is Eendraght Maeckt Maght which translates from early modern Dutch as "Unity makes strength". In the first decades of the 21st century, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has experienced a renaissance as an avant garde destination for hipsters,[4] with concomitant gentrification, dramatic house price increases, and a decrease in housing affordability.[5] Since 2010, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has evolved into a thriving hub of entrepreneurship and high technology startup firms,[6][7] and of postmodern art[8] and design.[7]

New York City's five boroughs

v t e

Jurisdiction Population Land area Density

Borough County Estimate (2016)[9] square miles square km persons / sq. mi persons / sq. km

Manhattan

New York

1,643,734 22.83 59.1 72,033 27,826

The Bronx

Bronx

1,455,720 42 110 34,653 13,231

Brooklyn

Kings

2,629,150 71 180 37,137 14,649

Queens

Queens

2,333,054 109 280 21,460 8,354

Staten Island

Richmond

476,015 58.5 152 8,112 3,132

City of New York

8,537,673 303.33 781.1 28,188 10,947

State of New York

19,745,289 47,214 122,284 416.4 159

Sources: see individual borough articles

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History

2.1 Colonial era

2.1.1 Six Dutch towns 2.1.2 Six townships in an English province 2.1.3 Revolutionary War

2.2 Post-colonial era

2.2.1 Urbanization 2.2.2 Civil War 2.2.3 Twin city

2.2.3.1 Mayors of the City of Brooklyn

2.3 New York City
New York City
borough

3 Geography

3.1 Boroughscape 3.2 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 2010 Census 4.2 2012 estimates 4.3 Languages

5 Neighborhoods

5.1 Community diversity

5.1.1 Jewish American 5.1.2 Chinese American 5.1.3 Caribbean
Caribbean
and African American 5.1.4 Latino American 5.1.5 Russian and Ukrainian American 5.1.6 Polish American 5.1.7 Italian American 5.1.8 Muslim American 5.1.9 Irish American 5.1.10 Greek American 5.1.11 Same-sex couples 5.1.12 Artists-in-residence

6 Government and politics 7 Economy 8 Culture

8.1 Cultural venues 8.2 Media

8.2.1 Local periodicals 8.2.2 Ethnic press 8.2.3 Television

8.3 Events

9 Parks and other attractions

9.1 Sports

9.1.1 Recreational Fishing

10 Transportation

10.1 Public transport 10.2 Roadways 10.3 Waterways

11 Education

11.1 Higher education

11.1.1 Public colleges 11.1.2 Private colleges 11.1.3 Community colleges

12 Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Public Library 13 Partnerships with districts of foreign cities 14 Hospitals and healthcare 15 See also 16 References

16.1 Notes

17 Further reading

17.1 Published 1950–present 17.2 Published until 1949

18 External links

Toponymy[edit] The name Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is derived from the original Dutch colonial name Breuckelen, meaning marshland in Dutch. Established in 1646, the name first appeared in print in 1663.[10] The Dutch colonists named it after the scenic town of Breukelen, near Utrecht.[11][12] Over the past two millennia, the name of the ancient town in Holland has been Bracola, Broccke, Brocckede, Broiclede, Brocklandia, Broekclen, Broikelen, Breuckelen and finally Breukelen.[13] The New Amsterdam settlement of Breuckelen also went through many variations, including Breucklyn, Breuckland, Brucklyn, Broucklyn, Brookland, Brockland, Brocklin, and Brookline/Brook-line. There have been so many variations of Brooklyn's name it has caused confusion about its origin; some have claimed breuckelen means "broken land."[14] The final name of Brooklyn, however, is the most accurate to its meaning.[15][16] History[edit]

Part of a series of articles on

Topics

Geography History Economy Transportation Politics People Popular culture Recreation Law enforcement Viticulture

Regions

Brooklyn Queens

Nassau County Suffolk County

Municipalities

North Shore South Shore

North Fork South Fork

Long Island
Long Island
Sound Barrier islands

v t e

New Netherland
New Netherland
series

Exploration

Fortifications:

Fort Amsterdam Fort Nassau (North) Fort Orange Fort Nassau (South) Fort Goede Hoop De Wal Fort Casimir Fort Altena Fort Wilhelmus Fort Beversreede Fort Nya Korsholm De Rondout

Settlements:

Noten Eylandt Nieuw Amsterdam Rensselaerswijck Nieuw Haarlem Beverwijck Wiltwijk Bergen Pavonia Vriessendael Achter Col Vlissingen Oude Dorpe Colen Donck Greenwich Heemstede Rustdorp Gravesende Breuckelen Nieuw Amersfoort Midwout Nieuw Utrecht Boswijk Swaanendael Nieuw Amstel Nieuw Dorp

The Patroon System

Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions

Cornelius Jacobsen May (1620–25) Willem Verhulst (1625–26) Peter Minuit
Peter Minuit
(1626–32) Sebastiaen Jansen Krol (1632–33) Wouter van Twiller
Wouter van Twiller
(1633–38) Willem Kieft
Willem Kieft
(1638–47) Peter Stuyvesant
Peter Stuyvesant
(1647–64)

People of New Netherland

New Netherlander Twelve Men Eight Men Nine Men

Flushing Remonstrance

v t e

Brooklyn Museum
Brooklyn Museum
- Hooker's Map of the Village of Brooklyn

See also: Timeline of Brooklyn The history of European settlement in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
spans more than 350 years. The settlement began in the 17th century as the small Dutch-founded town of "Breuckelen" on the East River
East River
shore of Long Island, grew to be a sizable city in the 19th century, and was consolidated in 1898 with New York City
New York City
(then confined to Manhattan and part of the Bronx), the remaining rural areas of Kings County, and the largely rural areas of Queens
Queens
and Staten Island, to form the modern City of New York. The etymology of Breuckelen may be directly from the dialect word Breuckelen meaning buckle or from the platte Deutsche Brücken meaning bridge. Colonial era[edit] Six Dutch towns[edit] The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle Long Island's western edge, which was then largely inhabited by the Lenape, an American Indian tribe who are often referred to in colonial documents by a variation of the place name "Canarsie". The "Breuckelen" settlement was named after Breukelen
Breukelen
in the Netherlands; it was part of New Netherland, and the Dutch West India Company
Dutch West India Company
lost little time in chartering the six original parishes (listed here by their later English names):[17]

Gravesend: in 1645, settled under Dutch patent by English followers of Anabaptist
Anabaptist
Lady Deborah Moody, possibly after Gravesend, England, or 's-Gravenzande, Netherlands Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights: as "Breuckelen" in 1646, after the town now spelled Breukelen, Netherlands Flatlands: as "New Amersfoort" in 1647 Flatbush: as "Midwout" in 1652 New Utrecht: in 1657, after the city of Utrecht, Netherlands Bushwick: as "Boswijck" in 1661

A typical dining table in the Dutch village of Brooklyn, c. 1664, from The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Museum.

The colony's capital of New Amsterdam, across the East River, obtained its charter in 1653, later than the village of Brooklyn. The neighborhood of Marine Park was home to North America's first tide mill. It was built by the Dutch, and the foundation can be seen today. However, the area was not formally settled as a town. Many incidents and documents relating to this period are in Gabriel Furman's 1824 compilation.[18] Six townships in an English province[edit]

Village of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and environs, 1766

What is Brooklyn
Brooklyn
today left Dutch hands after the final English conquest of New Netherland
New Netherland
in 1664, a prelude to the Second Anglo–Dutch War. New Netherland
New Netherland
was taken in a naval action, and the conquerors renamed their prize in honor of the overall English naval commander, James, Duke of York, brother of the then monarch King Charles II of England
Charles II of England
and future king himself as King James II of England and James VII of Scotland; Brooklyn
Brooklyn
became a part of the new English and later British colony, the Province of New York. The English reorganized the six old Dutch towns on southwestern Long Island as Kings County on November 1, 1683,[19] one of the "original twelve counties" then established in New York Province. This tract of land was recognized as a political entity for the first time, and the municipal groundwork was laid for a later expansive idea of Brooklyn identity. Lacking the patroon and tenant farmer system established along the Hudson River Valley, this agricultural county unusually came to have one of the highest percentages of slavery among the population in the "Original Thirteen Colonies" along the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
eastern coast of North America.[20] Revolutionary War[edit] Further information: Battle of Long Island
Long Island
and New York and New Jersey campaign

The Battle of Long Island
Long Island
was fought across Kings County.

On August 27, 1776, was fought the Battle of Long Island
Long Island
(also known as the 'Battle of Brooklyn'), the first major engagement fought in the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
after independence was declared, and the largest of the entire conflict. British troops forced Continental Army troops under George Washington
George Washington
off the heights near the modern sites of Green-Wood Cemetery, Prospect Park, and Grand Army Plaza.[21] Washington, viewing particularly fierce fighting at the Gowanus Creek from atop a hill near the west end of present-day Atlantic Avenue, was famously reported to have emotionally exclaimed: "What brave men I must this day lose!".[22] The fortified American positions at Brooklyn Heights
Brooklyn Heights
consequently became untenable and were evacuated a few days later, leaving the British in control of New York Harbor. While Washington's defeat on the battlefield cast early doubts on his ability as the commander, the tactical withdrawal of all his troops and supplies across the East River in a single night is now seen by historians as one of his most brilliant triumphs.[22] The British controlled the surrounding region for the duration of the war, as New York City
New York City
was soon occupied and became their military and political base of operations in North America
North America
for the remainder of the conflict. The British generally enjoyed a dominant Loyalist sentiment from the residents in Kings County who did not evacuate, though the region was also the center of the fledgling—and largely successful—American intelligence network, headed by Washington himself. The British set up a system of notorious prison ships off the coast of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in Wallabout Bay, where more American patriots died of intentional neglect than died in combat on all the battlefields of the American Revolutionary War, combined. One result of the Treaty of Paris in 1783 was the evacuation of the British from New York City, celebrated by residents into the 20th century. Post-colonial era[edit] Urbanization[edit]

A preindustrial Winter Scene in Brooklyn, c. 1819–20, by Francis Guy ( Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Museum).

The first half of the 19th century saw the beginning of the development of urban areas on the economically strategic East River shore of Kings County, facing the adolescent City of New York confined to Manhattan
Manhattan
Island. The New York Navy Yard operated in Wallabout Bay (border between Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Williamsburgh) for the entire 19th century and two-thirds of the 20th century. The first center of urbanization sprang up in the Town of Brooklyn, directly across from Lower Manhattan, which saw the incorporation of the Village of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in 1817. Reliable steam ferry service across the East River
East River
to Fulton Landing converted Brooklyn Heights
Brooklyn Heights
into a commuter town for Wall Street. Ferry Road to Jamaica Pass became Fulton Street to East New York. Town and Village were combined to form the first, kernel incarnation of the City of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in 1834. In parallel development, the Town of Bushwick, a little farther up the river, saw the incorporation of the Village of Williamsburgh in 1827, which separated as the Town of Williamsburgh in 1840 and formed the short-lived City of Williamsburgh in 1851. Industrial deconcentration in mid-century was bringing shipbuilding and other manufacturing to the northern part of the county. Each of the two cities and six towns in Kings County remained independent municipalities, and purposely created non-aligning street grids with different naming systems. However, the East River
East River
shore was growing too fast for the three-year-old infant City of Williamsburgh; it, along with its Town of Bushwick hinterland, was subsumed within a greater City of Brooklyn in 1854. By 1841, with the appearance of The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Eagle, and Kings County Democrat published by Alfred G. Stevens, the growing city across the East River
East River
from Manhattan
Manhattan
was producing its own prominent newspaper.[23] It later became the most popular and highest circulation afternoon paper in America. The publisher changed to L. Van Anden on April 19, 1842,[24] and the paper was renamed The Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
and Kings County Democrat on June 1, 1846.[25] On May 14, 1849, the name was shortened to The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Daily Eagle;[26] on September 5, 1938, it was further shortened to Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Eagle.[27] The establishment of the paper in the 1840s helped develop a separate identity for Brooklynites over the next century. The borough's soon-to-be-famous National League
National League
baseball team, the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Dodgers, also assisted with this. Both major institutions were lost in the 1950s: the paper closed in 1955 after unsuccessful attempts at a sale following a reporters' strike, and the baseball team decamped for Los Angeles in a realignment of major league baseball in 1957. Agitation against Southern slavery was stronger in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
than in New York[citation needed], and under Republican leadership the city was fervent in the Union cause in the Civil War. After the war the Henry Ward Beecher Monument
Henry Ward Beecher Monument
was built downtown to honor a famous local abolitionist. A great victory arch was built at what was then the south end of town to celebrate the armed forces; this place is now called Grand Army Plaza. The city had a population of 25,000 in 1834, but the police department comprised only 12 men on the day shift and another 12 at night. Every time a rash of burglaries broke out, officials blamed burglars coming in from New York City. Finally in 1855, a modern police force was created, employing 150 men. Voters complained of inadequate protection and excessive costs. In 1857, the state legislature merged the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
force with that of New York City.[28] Civil War[edit]

"Any Thing for Me, if You Please?" Post Office, 1864

Fervent in the Union cause, the city of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
played a major role in supplying troops and materiel for the American Civil War. The most well-known regiment to be sent off to war from the city was the 14th Brooklyn
Brooklyn
"Red Legged Devils". They fought from 1861 to 1864, wore red the entire war, and were the only regiment named after a city; President Lincoln called them into service personally, making them part of a handful of three-year enlisted soldiers in April 1861. Unlike other regiments during the American Civil War, the 14th wore a uniform inspired by that of the French Chasseurs, a light infantry used for quick assaults on the enemy. As both a seaport and a manufacturing center, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was well prepared to contribute to the Union's strengths in shipping and manufacturing. The two combined in shipbuilding; the ironclad Monitor was built in Brooklyn. Twin city[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is referred to as a twin city of New York in the 1883 poem, "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus, which appears on a plaque inside the Statue of Liberty. The poem calls New York Harbor
New York Harbor
"the air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame". As a twin city to New York, it played a role in national affairs that was later overshadowed by its century-old submergence into its old partner and rival. Economic growth continued, propelled by immigration and industrialization, and Brooklyn
Brooklyn
established itself as the third-most populous American city for much of the 19th century. The waterfront from Gowanus Bay to Greenpoint was developed with piers and factories. Industrial access to the waterfront was improved by the Gowanus Canal and the canalized Newtown Creek. The USS Monitor
USS Monitor
was only the most famous product of the large and growing shipbuilding industry of Williamsburg. After the Civil War, trolley lines and other transport brought urban sprawl beyond Prospect Park and into the center of the county.

Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
in 1883, by Currier and Ives

The rapidly growing population needed more water, so the City built centralized waterworks including the Ridgewood Reservoir. The municipal Police Department, however, was abolished in 1854 in favor of a Metropolitan force covering also New York and Westchester Counties. In 1865 the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Fire Department (BFD) also gave way to the new Metropolitan Fire District. Throughout this period the peripheral towns of Kings County, far from Manhattan
Manhattan
and even from urban Brooklyn, maintained their rustic independence. The only municipal change seen was the secession of the eastern section of the Town of Flatbush as the Town of New Lots in 1852. The building of rail links such as the Brighton Beach
Brighton Beach
Line in 1878 heralded the end of this isolation.

Borough of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
wards, 1900

Sports became big business, and the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bridegrooms played professional baseball at Washington Park in the convenient suburb of Park Slope
Park Slope
and elsewhere. Early in the next century, under their new name of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Dodgers, they brought baseball to Ebbets Field, beyond Prospect Park. Racetracks, amusement parks, and beach resorts opened in Brighton Beach, Coney Island, and elsewhere in the southern part of the county.

Currier and Ives
Currier and Ives
print of Brooklyn, 1886.

Toward the end of the 19th century, the City of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
experienced its final, explosive growth spurt. Railroads and industrialization spread to Bay Ridge
Bay Ridge
and Sunset Park. In the space of a decade, the city annexed the Town of New Lots in 1886, the Town of Flatbush, the Town of Gravesend, the Town of New Utrecht
Utrecht
in 1894, and the Town of Flatlands in 1896. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
had reached its natural municipal boundaries at the ends of Kings County. Mayors of the City of Brooklyn[edit] See also: List of mayors of New York City
New York City
and Brooklyn
Brooklyn
borough presidents Brooklyn
Brooklyn
elected a mayor from 1834 until consolidation in 1898 into the City of Greater New York, whose own second mayor (1902–1903), Seth Low, had been Mayor of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
from 1882 to 1885. Since 1898, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has, in place of a separate mayor, elected a Borough President.

Mayors of the City of Brooklyn[29]

Mayor Party Start year End year

George Hall Democratic-Republican 1834

Jonathan Trotter Democrat 1835 1836

Jeremiah Johnson Whig 1837 1838

Cyrus P. Smith 1839 1841

Henry C. Murphy Democrat 1842

Joseph Sprague 1843 1844

Thomas G. Talmage 1845

Francis B. Stryker Whig 1846 1848

Edward Copland 1849

Samuel Smith Democrat 1850

Conklin Brush Whig 1851 1852

Edward A. Lambert Democrat 1853 1854

George Hall

1855 1856

Samuel S. Powell Democrat 1857 1860

Martin Kalbfleisch 1861 1863

Alfred M. Wood Republican 1864 1865

Samuel Booth 1866 1867

Martin Kalbfleisch Democrat 1868 1871

Samuel S. Powell 1872 1873

John W. Hunter 1874 1875

Frederick A. Schroeder Republican 1876 1877

James Howell Democrat 1878 1881

Seth Low Republican 1882 1885

Daniel D. Whitney Democrat 1886 1887

Alfred C. Chapin 1888 1891

David A. Boody 1892 1893

Charles A. Schieren Republican 1894 1895

Frederick W. Wurster 1896 1897

New York City
New York City
borough[edit] Further information: History of New York City
New York City
(1898–1945)

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in 1897

In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
was completed, transportation to Manhattan
Manhattan
was no longer by water only, and the City of Brooklyn's ties to the City of New York were strengthened. The question became whether Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was prepared to engage in the still-grander process of consolidation then developing throughout the region, whether to join with the county of New York, the county of Richmond and the western portion of Queens
Queens
County to form the five boroughs of a united City of New York. Andrew Haskell Green
Andrew Haskell Green
and other progressives said Yes, and eventually they prevailed against the Daily Eagle and other conservative forces. In 1894, residents of Brooklyn and the other counties voted by a slight majority to merge, effective in 1898.[30] Kings County retained its status as one of New York State's counties, but the loss of Brooklyn's separate identity as a city was met with consternation by some residents at the time. The merger was called the "Great Mistake of 1898" by many newspapers of the day, and the phrase still denotes Brooklyn
Brooklyn
pride among old-time Brooklynites.[31] Geography[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
totals 97 square miles (250 km2) in area, of which 71 square miles (180 km2) is land (73%), and 26 square miles (67 km2) is water (27%); the borough is the second-largest in land area among the boroughs of New York City. However, Kings County, coterminous with Brooklyn, is New York State's fourth-smallest county by land area and third-smallest by total area.[3] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
lies at the southwestern end of Long Island, and the borough's western border constitutes the island's western tip. Brooklyn's water borders are extensive and varied, including Jamaica Bay; the Atlantic Ocean; The Narrows, separating Brooklyn
Brooklyn
from the borough of Staten Island
Staten Island
in New York City and crossed by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge; Upper New York Bay, separating Brooklyn
Brooklyn
from Jersey City and Bayonne in the U.S. state of New Jersey; and the East River, separating Brooklyn
Brooklyn
from the borough of Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City
New York City
and traversed by the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bridge, the Manhattan
Manhattan
Bridge, the Williamsburg Bridge, and numerous routes of the New York City Subway. To the east of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
lies the borough of Queens, which contains John F. Kennedy International Airport
John F. Kennedy International Airport
in that borough's Howard Beach neighborhood, approximately two miles from the border of the East New York
East New York
neighborhood of Brooklyn. Boroughscape[edit]

The downtown Brooklyn
Brooklyn
skyline, the Manhattan
Manhattan
Bridge (far left), and the Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
(near left) are seen across the East River
East River
from Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
at sunset in 2013.

Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 32 °F (0 °C) coldest month (January) isotherm, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
experiences a humid subtropical climate (Cfa),[32] with partial shielding from the Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
and moderating influences from the Atlantic Ocean. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
receives plentiful precipitation all year round, with nearly 50 in (1,300 mm) yearly. The area averages 234 days with at least some sunshine annually, and averages 57% of possible sunshine annually, accumulating 2,535 hours of sunshine per annum.[33] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
lies in the USDA
USDA
7b plant hardiness zone.[34]

Climate data for JFK Airport, New York (1981–2010 normals,[35] extremes 1948–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 71 (22) 71 (22) 85 (29) 90 (32) 99 (37) 99 (37) 104 (40) 101 (38) 98 (37) 90 (32) 77 (25) 75 (24) 104 (40)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 56.8 (13.8) 57.9 (14.4) 68.5 (20.3) 78.1 (25.6) 84.9 (29.4) 92.1 (33.4) 94.5 (34.7) 92.7 (33.7) 87.4 (30.8) 78.0 (25.6) 69.1 (20.6) 60.1 (15.6) 96.6 (35.9)

Average high °F (°C) 39.1 (3.9) 41.8 (5.4) 49.0 (9.4) 59.0 (15) 68.5 (20.3) 78.0 (25.6) 83.2 (28.4) 81.9 (27.7) 75.3 (24.1) 64.5 (18.1) 54.3 (12.4) 44.0 (6.7) 61.6 (16.4)

Average low °F (°C) 26.3 (−3.2) 28.1 (−2.2) 34.2 (1.2) 43.5 (6.4) 52.8 (11.6) 62.8 (17.1) 68.5 (20.3) 67.8 (19.9) 60.8 (16) 49.6 (9.8) 40.7 (4.8) 31.5 (−0.3) 47.2 (8.4)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 9.8 (−12.3) 13.4 (−10.3) 19.1 (−7.2) 32.6 (0.3) 42.6 (5.9) 52.7 (11.5) 60.7 (15.9) 58.6 (14.8) 49.2 (9.6) 37.6 (3.1) 27.4 (−2.6) 16.3 (−8.7) 7.5 (−13.6)

Record low °F (°C) −2 (−19) −2 (−19) 4 (−16) 20 (−7) 34 (1) 45 (7) 55 (13) 46 (8) 40 (4) 30 (−1) 19 (−7) 2 (−17) −2 (−19)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.16 (80.3) 2.59 (65.8) 3.78 (96) 3.87 (98.3) 3.94 (100.1) 3.86 (98) 4.08 (103.6) 3.68 (93.5) 3.50 (88.9) 3.62 (91.9) 3.30 (83.8) 3.39 (86.1) 42.77 (1,086.4)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.3 (16) 8.3 (21.1) 3.5 (8.9) 0.8 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 4.7 (11.9) 23.8 (60.5)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 10.5 9.6 11.0 11.4 11.5 10.7 9.4 8.7 8.1 8.5 9.4 10.6 119.4

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 4.6 3.4 2.3 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2.8 13.6

Average relative humidity (%) 64.9 64.4 63.4 64.1 69.5 71.5 71.4 71.7 71.9 69.1 67.9 66.3 68.0

Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[36][37][38]

Demographics[edit] Main article: Demographics of Brooklyn

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has been New York City's most populous borough since the mid-1920s. (Key: Each borough's historical population in millions. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island)

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1731 2,150 —    

1756 2,707 +25.9%

1771 3,623 +33.8%

1786 3,966 +9.5%

1790 4,549 +14.7%

1800 5,740 +26.2%

1810 8,303 +44.7%

1820 11,187 +34.7%

1830 20,535 +83.6%

1840 47,613 +131.9%

1850 138,822 +191.6%

1860 279,122 +101.1%

1870 419,921 +50.4%

1880 599,495 +42.8%

1890 838,547 +39.9%

1900 1,166,582 +39.1%

1910 1,634,351 +40.1%

1920 2,018,356 +23.5%

1930 2,560,401 +26.9%

1940 2,698,285 +5.4%

1950 2,738,175 +1.5%

1960 2,627,319 −4.0%

1970 2,602,012 −1.0%

1980 2,230,936 −14.3%

1990 2,300,664 +3.1%

2000 2,465,326 +7.2%

2010 2,504,700 +1.6%

2017 2,648,771 +5.8%

1731–1786[39] U.S. Decennial Census[40] 1790–1960[41] 1900–1990[42] 1990–2000[43] 2010 and 2017[1] Source: U.S. Decennial Census[44]

Since 2010, the population of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was estimated by the United States Census Bureau to have increased 5.8% to 2,648,771, as of 2017 – Brooklyn's estimated population represented 30.7% of New York City's estimated population of 8,622,698; 33.7% of Long Island's population of 7,869,820; and 13.3% of New York State's population of 19,849,399.[45][46][47][48][49]

Haredim Jewish (יהודי) residents in Brooklyn, home to the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals. About 23% of the borough's population in 2011 was Jewish.[50]

2010 Census[edit] According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, Brooklyn's population was 42.8% White, including 35.7% non-Hispanic White; 34.3% Black, including 31.9% non-Hispanic black; 10.5% Asian; 0.5% Native American; 0.0% (rounded) Pacific Islander; 3.0% Multiracial American; and 8.8% from Other races. Hispanics and Latinos made up 19.8% of Brooklyn's population.[51]

Celebrating Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
in Little Fuzhou
Little Fuzhou
(小福州), one of several Chinatowns in Brooklyn
Chinatowns in Brooklyn
(布鲁克林華埠), in Sunset Park (日落公園). Brooklyn's rapidly growing Chinese American population was estimated to have surpassed 200,000 in 2014.[52]

In 2010, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
had some neighborhoods segregated based on race, ethnicity, and religion. Overall, the southwest half of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is racially mixed although it contains few black residents; the northeast section is mostly black and Hispanic/Latino.[53] 2012 estimates[edit] According to the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, there are 2,565,635 people (up from 2.3 million in 1990), 880,727 households, and 583,922 families living in Brooklyn.[54][55] The population density was 34,920/square mile (13,480/km²). There were 930,866 housing units at an average density of 13,180/square mile (5,090/km²). Of the 880,727 households in Brooklyn, 38.6% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living in them. Of all households 27.8% are made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41. In Brooklyn
Brooklyn
the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has more women and girls, with 88.4 males for every 100 females. Brooklyn's lesbian community is the largest out of all of the New York City
New York City
boroughs.[56] The median income for households in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was $32,135, and the median income for a family was $36,188. Males had a median income of $34,317, which was higher than females, whose median income was $30,516. The per capita income was $16,775. About 22% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34% of those under age 18 and 21.5% of those age 65 or over.

Racial composition 2015[57] 2010[58] 1990[59] 1950[59] 1900[59]

White 49.3% 42.8% 46.9% 92.2% 98.3%

 —Non-Hispanic 35.9% 35.7% 40.1% n/a n/a

Black or African American 34.8% 34.3% 37.9% 7.6% 1.6%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 19.5% 19.8% 20.1% n/a n/a

Asian 12.4% 10.5% 4.8% 0.1% 0.1%

Languages[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has a high degree of linguistic diversity. As of 2010, 54.12% (1,240,416) of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
residents ages 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 17.16% (393,340) spoke Spanish, 6.46% (148,012) Chinese, 5.31% (121,607) Russian, 3.47% (79,469) Yiddish, 2.75% (63,019) French Creole, 1.35% (31,004) Italian, 1.20% (27,440) Hebrew, 1.01% (23,207) Polish, 0.99% (22,763) French, 0.95% (21,773) Arabic, 0.85% (19,388) various Indic languages, 0.70% (15,936) Urdu, and African languages were spoken as a main language by 0.54% (12,305) of the population over the age of five. In total, 45.88% (1,051,456) of Brooklyn's population ages 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[60] Neighborhoods[edit] See also: List of Brooklyn neighborhoods
List of Brooklyn neighborhoods
and New York City
New York City
ethnic enclaves

Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District

Park Slope

150–159 Willow Street, three original red-brick early 19th-century Federal Style houses in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights

Middagh Street, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights

Brooklyn's neighborhoods are dynamic in ethnic composition. For example, during the early to mid-20th century, Brownsville had a majority of Jewish residents; since the 1970s it has been majority African American. Midwood
Midwood
during the early 20th century was filled with ethnic Irish, then filled with Jewish residents for nearly 50 years, and is slowly becoming a Pakistani enclave. Brooklyn's most populous racial group, white, declined from 97.2% in 1930 to 46.9% by 1990.[59] Along with gentrification, many of Brooklyn's neighborhoods are also becoming increasingly diverse, with an influx of immigrants integrating its neighborhoods. The borough also attracts people previously living in other cities in the United States. Of these, most come from Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Philadelphia, Boston, Cincinnati, and Seattle.[61][62][63][64][65][66][67] Community diversity[edit] Given New York City's role as a crossroads for legal and illegal immigration from around the world, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has evolved a globally cosmopolitan ambience of its own, demonstrating a robust and growing demographic and cultural diversity with respect to metrics including nationality, religion, race, and domiciliary partnership. Brooklyn contains dozens of distinct neighborhoods representing many of the major culturally identified groups found within New York City. Among the most prominent are listed below: Jewish American[edit] Main article: Jews
Jews
in New York City Over 600,000 Jews, particularly Orthodox Jews
Jews
and Hasidic Jews, have become concentrated in Borough Park, Williamsburg, and Flatbush, where there are many yeshivas, synagogues, and kosher restaurants, as well as many other Jewish businesses. Other notable religious Orthodox and Hasidic Jewish neighborhoods are Kensington, Midwood, Canarsie, Sea Gate, and Crown Heights (home to the Chabad
Chabad
world headquarters). Many hospitals in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
were started by Jewish charities, including Maimonides Medical Center
Maimonides Medical Center
in Borough Park and Brookdale Hospital in Brownsville.[68][69] Many non-Orthodox Jews
Jews
are concentrated in Ditmas Park and Park Slope, with smaller Jewish populations in Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Brighton Beach, and Coney Island. Chinese American[edit] Main articles: Chinatowns in Brooklyn
Chinatowns in Brooklyn
and Chinese Americans in New York City Over 200,000 Chinese Americans live throughout the southern parts of Brooklyn, in Sunset Park, Bensonhurst, Gravesend, and Homecrest. The largest concentration is in Sunset Park along 8th Avenue, which is known for Chinese culture. It is called "Brooklyn's Chinatown" and its Chinese population is composed in majority by Fuzhounese Americans, rendering this Chinatown with the nicknames Fuzhou Town (福州埠), Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(布鲁克林) or the Little Fuzhou
Little Fuzhou
(小福州) of Brooklyn. Many Chinese restaurants can be found throughout Sunset Park, and the area hosts a popular Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year
celebration. Caribbean
Caribbean
and African American[edit] Main article: Caribbeans in New York City Brooklyn's African American
African American
and Caribbean
Caribbean
communities are spread throughout much of Brooklyn. Brooklyn's West Indian community is concentrated in the Crown Heights, Flatbush, East Flatbush, Kensington, and Canarsie
Canarsie
neighborhoods in central Brooklyn. Brooklyn is home to one of the largest communities of West Indians outside of the Caribbean, being rivaled only by Toronto, Miami, Montreal, and London. Although the largest West Indian groups in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
are mostly Jamaicans, Guyanese and Haitians, there are West Indian immigrants from nearly every part of the Caribbean. Crown Heights and Flatbush are home to many of Brooklyn's West Indian restaurants and bakeries. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has an annual, celebrated Carnival in the tradition of pre-Lenten celebrations in the islands. Started by natives of Trinidad and Tobago, the West Indian Labor Day Parade takes place every Labor Day on Eastern Parkway. Bedford-Stuyvesant is home to one of the most famous African American
African American
communities in the city, along with Brownsville, East New York, and Coney Island. Latino American[edit] Further information: Puerto Rican migration to New York City
New York City
and Nuyorican Bushwick is the largest hub of Brooklyn's Latino American community. Like other Latino neighborhoods in New York City, Bushwick has an established Puerto Rican presence, along with an influx of many Dominicans, South Americans, Central Americans, Mexicans, as well as a more recent influx of Puerto Ricans. As nearly 80% of Bushwick's population is Latino, its residents having created many businesses to support their various national and distinct traditions in food and other items. Sunset Park's population is 42% Latino, made up of these various ethnic groups. Brooklyn's main Latino groups are Puerto Ricans, Mexicans, Dominicans, and Panamanians; they are spread out throughout the borough. Puerto Ricans and Dominicans are predominant in Bushwick, Williamsburg, and East New York, while Mexicans are predominant in Sunset Park and Panamanians in Crown Heights. Russian and Ukrainian American[edit] Main article: Russian Americans in New York City Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is also home to many Russians
Russians
and Ukrainians, who are mainly concentrated in the areas of Brighton Beach
Brighton Beach
and Sheepshead Bay. Brighton Beach
Brighton Beach
features many Russian and Ukrainian businesses and has been nicknamed Little Russia and Little Odessa, respectively. Originally these communities were mostly Jewish; however, the non-Jewish Russian and Ukrainian communities of Brighton Beach
Brighton Beach
now also represent various aspects of Russian and Ukrainian culture. Polish American[edit] Brooklyn's Polish are largely concentrated in Greenpoint, which is home to Little Poland. They are also scattered throughout the southern parts of Brooklyn. Italian American[edit] Main article: Italians in New York City Italian Americans are mainly concentrated in the neighborhoods of Bensonhurst, Dyker Heights, Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Cobble Hill, and Carroll Gardens, where there are many Italian restaurants, bakeries, delicatessens, pizzerias, cafes, and social clubs. Muslim American[edit] Today, Arab Americans and Pakistani Americans along with other Muslim communities have moved into the southwest portion of Brooklyn, particularly to Bay Ridge, where there are many Middle Eastern restaurants, hookah lounges, halal shops, Islamic shops and mosques. Coney Island
Coney Island
Avenue is home to Little Pakistan
Pakistan
as Church Avenue is to Bangladeshis. Jay Street Borough Hall (Downtown Brooklyn) is little Arabia. Pakistani Independence Day is celebrated every year with parades and parties on Coney Island
Coney Island
Avenue. Earlier, the area was known predominately for its Irish, Norwegian, and Scottish populations. There are also many Middle Eastern, particularly Yemeni, businesses, mosques, and restaurants on Atlantic Avenue west of Flatbush Avenue, in Boerum Hill. Irish American[edit] Third-, fourth- and fifth-generation Irish Americans can be found throughout Brooklyn, in moderate concentrations[clarification needed] in the neighborhoods of Windsor Terrace, Park Slope, Bay Ridge, Marine Park, Gerritsen Beach, and Vinegar Hill. Many moved east on Long Island, to suburban and Upstate New York
Upstate New York
Counties (Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess, Rockland, and Sullivan Counties), Staten Island, and New Jersey
New Jersey
in the mid-twentieth century. Those that stayed engendered close-knit and stable communities, representing many to the civil services (esp. in law enforcement, transportation and the NYFD) as well as the legal profession and the building and construction trades.[citation needed] Greek American[edit] Brooklyn's Greek Americans
Greek Americans
live throughout the borough, especially in Bay Ridge
Bay Ridge
and adjacent areas where there is a noticeable cluster of Hellenic-focused schools and cultural institutions, with many businesses concentrated there and in Downtown Brooklyn
Downtown Brooklyn
near Atlantic Avenue. Greek-owned diners are also found throughout the borough. Same-sex couples[edit] Main article: Same-sex marriage in New York Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is home to a large and growing population of same-sex couples. Same-sex marriages in New York were legalized on June 24, 2011, and were authorized to take place beginning 30 days thereafter.[70] The Park Slope
Park Slope
neighborhood spearheaded the popularity of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
among lesbians, and numerous neighborhoods have since become home to LGBTQ
LGBTQ
communities. Artists-in-residence[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
became a preferred site for artists and hipsters to set up live/work spaces after being priced out of the same types of living arrangements in Manhattan. Various neighborhoods in Brooklyn, including Williamsburg, DUMBO, Red Hook, and Park Slope
Park Slope
evolved as popular neighborhoods for artists-in-residence. However, rents and costs of living have since increased dramatically in these same neighborhoods, forcing artists to move to somewhat less expensive neighborhoods in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
or across Upper New York Bay to locales in New Jersey, such as Jersey City or Hoboken.[71] Government and politics[edit] See also: Government and politics in Brooklyn

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough Hall

Since consolidation with New York City
New York City
in 1898, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has been governed by the New York City
New York City
Charter that provides for a "strong" mayor-council system. The centralized government of New York City
New York City
is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services. On the other hand, the Brooklyn Public Library
Brooklyn Public Library
is an independent nonprofit organization partially funded by the government of New York City, but also by the government of New York State, the U.S. federal government, and private donors. The office of Borough President
Borough President
was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority. Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City
New York City
Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use. In 1989, the Supreme Court of the United States
United States
declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional because Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the Board than Staten Island, the least populous borough; it was a violation of the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" reading of the Fourteenth Amendment.[72] Since 1990 the Borough President
Borough President
has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations. Brooklyn's current Borough President
Borough President
is Eric Adams, elected as a Democrat in November 2013 with 90.8% of the vote. Adams replaced popular Borough President
Borough President
Marty Markowitz, also a Democrat, who partially used his office to promote tourism and new development for Brooklyn. The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices, and the borough is very liberal. As of November 2017, 89.1% of registered voters in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
were Democrats. <http://www.elections.ny.gov/NYSBOE/enrollment/county/county_nov17.pdf> Party platforms center on affordable housing, education and economic development. The most controversial political issue is the proposed Atlantic Yards, a large housing and sports arena project. Pockets of majority Republican influence exist in Gravesend, Bensonhurst, Bay Ridge, Dyker Heights
Dyker Heights
and Midwood
Midwood
by U.S. Representative Dan Donovan and New York State
New York State
Senator Marty Golden. Each of the city's five counties (coterminous with each borough) has its own criminal court system and District Attorney, the chief public prosecutor who is directly elected by popular vote. The District Attorney of Kings County is Eric Gonzalez, who replaced Democrat Kenneth P. Thompson following his death in October 2016.[73] Brooklyn has 16 City Council members, the largest number of any of the five boroughs. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has 18 of the city's 59 community districts, each served by an unpaid Community Board with advisory powers under the city's Uniform Land Use Review Procedure. Each board has a paid district manager who acts as an interlocutor with city agencies. Economy[edit] See also: Economy of New York City

The USS North Carolina, launched at Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Navy Yard, June 1940

Newer buildings near East River
East River
State Park

Brooklyn's job market is driven by three main factors: the performance of the national and city economy, population flows and the borough's position as a convenient back office for New York's businesses.[74] Forty-four percent of Brooklyn's employed population, or 410,000 people, work in the borough; more than half of the borough's residents work outside its boundaries. As a result, economic conditions in Manhattan
Manhattan
are important to the borough's jobseekers. Strong international immigration to Brooklyn
Brooklyn
generates jobs in services, retailing and construction.[74] Since the late 20th century, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has benefited from a steady influx of financial back office operations from Manhattan, the rapid growth of a high-tech and entertainment economy in DUMBO, and strong growth in support services such as accounting, personal supply agencies, and computer services firms.[74] Jobs in the borough have traditionally been concentrated in manufacturing, but since 1975, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has shifted from a manufacturing-based to a service-based economy. In 2004, 215,000 Brooklyn
Brooklyn
residents worked in the services sector, while 27,500 worked in manufacturing. Although manufacturing has declined, a substantial base has remained in apparel and niche manufacturing concerns such as furniture, fabricated metals, and food products.[75] The pharmaceutical company Pfizer
Pfizer
was founded in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in 1869 and had a manufacturing plant in the borough for many years that once employed thousands of workers, but the plant shut down in 2008. However, new light-manufacturing concerns packaging organic and high-end food have sprung up in the old plant.[76] First established as a shipbuilding facility in 1801, the Brooklyn Navy Yard employed 70,000 people at its peak during World War II and was then the largest employer in the borough. The Missouri, the ship on which the Japanese formally surrendered, was built there, as was the Maine, whose sinking off Havana led to the start of the Spanish–American War. The iron-sided Civil War vessel the Monitor was built in Greenpoint. From 1968–1979 Seatrain Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
was the major employer.[77] Later tenants include industrial design firms, food processing businesses, artisans, and the film and television production industry. About 230 private-sector firms providing 4,000 jobs are at the Yard. Construction and services are the fastest growing sectors.[78] Most employers in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
are small businesses. In 2000, 91% of the approximately 38,704 business establishments in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
had fewer than 20 employees.[79] As of August 2008[update], the borough's unemployment rate was 5.9%.[80] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is also home to many banks and credit unions. According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, there were 37 banks and 26 credit unions operating in the borough in 2010.[81][82] The rezoning of Downtown Brooklyn
Downtown Brooklyn
has generated over US$10 billion of private investment and $300 million in public improvements since 2004. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is also attracting numerous high technology start-up companies, as Silicon Alley, the metonym for New York City's entrepreneurship ecosystem, has expanded from Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
into Brooklyn.[83] Culture[edit] See also: Culture of New York City
New York City
and Media of New York City

The Brooklyn Museum
The Brooklyn Museum
on Eastern Parkway

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Botanic Garden

The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch
Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch
at Grand Army Plaza

Main article: Culture of Brooklyn Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has played a major role in various aspects of American culture including literature, cinema, and theater. The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
accent has often been portrayed as the "typical New York accent" in American media, although this accent and stereotype are supposedly fading out.[84] Brooklyn's official colors are blue and gold.[85] Cultural venues[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
hosts the world-renowned Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Academy of Music, the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Philharmonic, and the second largest public art collection in the United States, housed in the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Museum. The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Museum, opened in 1897, is New York City's second-largest public art museum. It has in its permanent collection more than 1.5 million objects, from ancient Egyptian masterpieces to contemporary art. The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Children's Museum, the world's first museum dedicated to children, opened in December 1899. The only such New York State
New York State
institution accredited by the American Alliance of Museums, it is one of the few globally to have a permanent collection – over 30,000 cultural objects and natural history specimens. The Brooklyn Academy of Music
Brooklyn Academy of Music
(BAM) includes a 2,109-seat opera house, an 874-seat theater, and the art house BAM Rose Cinemas. Bargemusic and St. Ann's Warehouse are located on the other side of Downtown Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in the DUMBO
DUMBO
arts district. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Technical High School has the second-largest auditorium in New York City
New York City
(after Radio City Music Hall), with a seating capacity of over 3,000.[86] Media[edit] Local periodicals[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has several local newspapers: The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Daily Eagle, Bay Currents (Oceanfront Brooklyn), Brooklyn
Brooklyn
View, The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Paper, and Courier-Life Publications. Courier-Life Publications, owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, is Brooklyn's largest chain of newspapers. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is also served by the major New York dailies, including The New York Times, the New York Daily News, and the New York Post. The borough is home to the bi-weekly cultural guide The L Magazine and the arts and politics monthly Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Rail, as well as the arts and cultural quarterly Cabinet. Hello Mr.
Hello Mr.
is also published in Brooklyn. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Magazine is one of the few glossy magazines about Brooklyn. Several others, that are now defunct, include: BKLYN Magazine (a bimonthly lifestyle book owned by Joseph McCarthy, that saw itself as a vehicle for high-end advertisers in Manhattan
Manhattan
and was mailed to 80,000 high-income households), Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
Magazine, The Brooklynite (a free, glossy quarterly edited by Daniel Treiman), and NRG (edited by Gail Johnson and originally marketed as a local periodical for Clinton Hill and Fort Greene, but expanded in scope to become the self-proclaimed "Pulse of Brooklyn" and then the "Pulse of New York").[87] Ethnic press[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has a thriving ethnic press. El Diario La Prensa, the largest and oldest Spanish-language daily newspaper in the United States, maintains its corporate headquarters at 1  MetroTech Center
MetroTech Center
in downtown Brooklyn.[88] Major ethnic publications include the Brooklyn- Queens
Queens
Catholic paper The Tablet, Hamodia, an Orthodox Jewish daily and The Jewish Press, an Orthodox Jewish weekly. Many nationally distributed ethnic newspapers are based in Brooklyn. Over 60 ethnic groups, writing in 42 languages, publish some 300 non-English language magazines and newspapers in New York City. Among them the quarterly "L'Idea", a bilingual magazine printed in Italian and English since 1974. In addition, many newspapers published abroad, such as The Daily Gleaner and The Star of Jamaica, are available in Brooklyn.[citation needed] Our Time Press published weekly by DBG Media covers the Village of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
with a motto of "The Local paper with the Global View". Television[edit] The City of New York has an official television station, run by the NYC Media Group, which features programming based in Brooklyn. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Community Access Television is the borough's public access channel.[citation needed] Events[edit]

The annual Coney Island
Coney Island
Mermaid Parade (mid-to-late June) is a costume-and-float parade.[89] Coney Island
Coney Island
also hosts the annual Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest (July 4).[89] The annual Labor Day Carnival
Labor Day Carnival
(also known as the Labor Day Parade or West Indian Day Parade) takes place along Eastern Parkway
Eastern Parkway
in Crown Heights. The Art of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Film Festival runs annually around the second week of June.[90]

Parks and other attractions[edit] See also: Tourism in New York City

Kwanzan Cherries in bloom at Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Botanic Garden.

Astroland
Astroland
in Coney Island.

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Botanic Garden: located adjacent to Prospect Park is the 52-acre (21 ha) botanical garden, which includes a cherry tree esplanade, a one-acre (0.4 ha) rose garden, a Japanese hill and pond garden, a fragrance garden, a water lily pond esplanade, several conservatories, a rock garden, a native flora garden, a bonsai tree collection, and children's gardens and discovery exhibits. Coney Island
Coney Island
developed as a playground for the rich in the early 1900s, but it grew as one of America's first amusement grounds and attracted crowds from all over New York. The Cyclone rollercoaster, built in 1927, is on the National Register of Historic Places. The 1920 Wonder Wheel and other rides are still operational. Coney Island went into decline in the 1970s, but has undergone a renaissance.[91] Floyd Bennett Field: the first municipal airport in New York City
New York City
and long closed for operations, is now part of the National Park System. Many of the historic hangars and runways are still extant. Nature trails and diverse habitats are found within the park, including salt marsh and a restored area of shortgrass prairie that was once widespread on the Hempstead Plains. Green-Wood Cemetery, founded by the social reformer Henry Evelyn Pierrepont[92] in 1838, is an early Rural cemetery. It is the burial ground of many notable New Yorkers. Jamaica Bay
Jamaica Bay
Wildlife Refuge: a unique Federal wildlife refuge straddling the Brooklyn- Queens
Queens
border, part of Gateway National Recreation Area New York Transit Museum
New York Transit Museum
displays historical artifacts of Greater New York's subway, commuter rail, and bus systems; it is located at Court Street, a former Independent Subway System
Independent Subway System
station in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights on the Fulton Street Line. Prospect Park is a public park in central Brooklyn
Brooklyn
encompassing 585 acres (2.37 km2).[93] The park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, who created Manhattan's Central Park. Attractions include the Long Meadow, a 90-acre (36 ha) meadow, the Picnic House, which houses offices and a hall that can accommodate parties with up to 175 guests; Litchfield Villa, Prospect Park Zoo, the Boathouse, housing a visitors center and the first urban Audubon Center;[94] Brooklyn's only lake, covering 60 acres (24 ha); the Prospect Park Bandshell that hosts free outdoor concerts in the summertime; and various sports and fitness activities including seven baseball fields. Prospect Park hosts a popular annual Halloween Parade.

Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in Brooklyn

Barclays Center, located in Pacific Park within Prospect Heights, home of the Nets and Islanders.

Brooklyn's major professional sports teams are the NBA's Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets and the NHL's New York Islanders. The Nets and Islanders moved into the borough in 2012 and 2015, respectively, and both play their home games at Barclays Center
Barclays Center
in Prospect Heights. Previously, the Nets had played in Uniondale, New York
Uniondale, New York
and in New Jersey, while the Islanders had played in Uniondale since their inception. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
also has a storied sports history. It has been home to many famous sports figures such as Joe Paterno, Vince Lombardi, Mike Tyson, Joe Torre, Sandy Koufax, Billy Cunningham
Billy Cunningham
and Vitas Gerulaitis. Basketball legend Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
was born in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
though he grew up in Wilmington, North Carolina. In the earliest days of organized baseball, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
teams dominated the new game. The second recorded game of baseball was played near what is today Fort Greene Park
Fort Greene Park
on October 24, 1845. Brooklyn’s Excelsiors, Atlantics and Eckfords were the leading teams from the mid-1850s through the Civil War, and there were dozens of local teams with neighborhood league play, such as at Mapleton Oval.[95] During this " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
era", baseball evolved into the modern game: the first fastball, first changeup, first batting average, first triple play, first pro baseball player, first enclosed ballpark, first scorecard, first known African-American team, first black championship game, first road trip, first gambling scandal, and first eight pennant winners were all in or from Brooklyn.[96] Brooklyn's most famous historical team, the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Dodgers, named for "trolley dodgers" played at Ebbets Field.[97] In 1947 Jackie Robinson was hired by the Dodgers as the first African-American player in Major League Baseball in the modern era. In 1955, the Dodgers, perennial National League
National League
pennant winners, won the only World Series for Brooklyn
Brooklyn
against their rival New York Yankees. The event was marked by mass euphoria and celebrations. Just two years later, the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles. Walter O'Malley, the team's owner at the time, is still vilified, even by Brooklynites too young to remember the Dodgers as Brooklyn's ball club. After a 43-year hiatus, professional baseball returned to the borough in 2001 with the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Cyclones, a minor league team that plays in MCU Park
MCU Park
in Coney Island. They are an affiliate of the New York Mets. The New York Cosmos of the NASL began playing at MCU Park
MCU Park
in 2017.[98] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
once had a National Football League
National Football League
team named the Brooklyn Lions in 1926, who played at Ebbets Field.[99] Recreational Fishing[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has one of the most active recreational fishing fleets in the United States. In addition to a large private fleet along Jamaica Bay, there is also a substantial public fleet within Sheepshead Bay that includes the Marily Jean, Ocean Eagle, Brooklyn, Captain Dave, Midnight Star, Sea Queen and Flamingo. Species that are caught include Black Fish, Porgy, Striped Bass, Black Sea Bass, Fluke, and Flounder.[100][101][102] Transportation[edit] Public transport[edit] See also: Transportation in New York City About 57 percent of all households in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
were households without automobiles. The citywide rate is 55 percent in New York City.[103]

Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue subway station

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
features extensive public transit. Nineteen New York City Subway services, including the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, traverse the borough. Approximately 92.8% of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
residents traveling to Manhattan
Manhattan
use the subway, despite the fact that some neighborhoods like Flatlands and Marine Park are poorly served by subway service. Major stations, out of the 170 currently in Brooklyn, include:

Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Broadway Junction DeKalb Avenue Jay Street – MetroTech Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue[104]

Proposed New York City
New York City
Subway lines never built include a line along Nostrand or Utica Avenues to Marine Park,[105] as well as a subway line to Spring Creek.[106][107] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was once served by an extensive network of streetcars, many of which were replaced by the public bus network that covers the entire borough. There is also daily express bus service into Manhattan.[108] New York's famous yellow cabs also provide transportation in Brooklyn, although they are less numerous in the borough. There are three commuter rail stations in Brooklyn: East New York, Nostrand Avenue, and Atlantic Terminal, the terminus of the Atlantic Branch
Atlantic Branch
of the Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road. The terminal is located near the Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center
Barclays Center
subway station, with ten connecting subway services. In February 2015, Mayor Bill de Blasio
Bill de Blasio
announced that the city government would begin a citywide ferry service called NYC Ferry
NYC Ferry
to extend ferry transportation to communities in the city that have been traditionally underserved by public transit.[109][110] The ferry opened in May 2017,[111][112] with the Bay Ridge
Bay Ridge
ferry serving southwestern Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and the East River
East River
Ferry serving northwestern Brooklyn. A third route, the Rockaway ferry, makes one stop in the borough at Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Army Terminal.[113] A streetcar line, the Brooklyn– Queens
Queens
Connector, was proposed by the city in February 2016,[114] with the planned timeline calling for service to begin around 2024.[115] Roadways[edit] See also: Brooklyn streets
Brooklyn streets
and List of lettered Brooklyn
Brooklyn
avenues

View of Eastern Parkway
Eastern Parkway
looking toward the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Museum, cellulose nitrate negative photograph by Eugene Wemlinger ca. 1903-1910 Brooklyn Museum

The Marine Parkway Bridge

Williamsburg Bridge, as seen from Wallabout Bay
Wallabout Bay
with Greenpoint and Long Island
Long Island
City in background

The great majority of limited-access expressways and parkways are located in the western and southern sections of Brooklyn. These include the Brooklyn- Queens
Queens
Expressway, the Gowanus Expressway
Gowanus Expressway
(which is part of the Brooklyn- Queens
Queens
Expressway), the Prospect Expressway ( New York State
New York State
Route 27), the Belt Parkway, and the Jackie Robinson Parkway (formerly the Interborough Parkway). Planned expressways that were never built include the Bushwick Expressway, an extension of I-78[116] and the Cross- Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Expressway, I-878.[117] Major thoroughfares include Atlantic Avenue, Fourth Avenue, 86th Street, Kings Highway, Bay Parkway, Ocean Parkway, Eastern Parkway, Linden Boulevard, McGuinness Boulevard, Flatbush Avenue, Pennsylvania Avenue, and Nostrand Avenue. Much of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
has only named streets, but Park Slope, Bay Ridge, Sunset Park, Bensonhurst, and Borough Park and the other western sections have numbered streets running approximately northwest to southeast, and numbered avenues going approximately northeast to southwest. East of Dahill Road, lettered avenues (like Avenue M) run east and west, and numbered streets have the prefix "East". South of Avenue O, related numbered streets west of Dahill Road use the "West" designation. This set of numbered streets ranges from West 37th Street to East 108 Street, and the avenues range from A-Z with names substituted for some of them in some neighborhoods (notably Albemarle, Beverley, Cortelyou, Dorchester, Ditmas, Foster, Farragut, Glenwood, Quentin). Numbered streets prefixed by "North" and "South" in Williamsburg, and "Bay", "Beach", "Brighton", "Plumb", "Paerdegat" or "Flatlands" along the southern and southwestern waterfront are loosely based on the old grids of the original towns of Kings County that eventually consolidated to form Brooklyn. These names often reflect the bodies of water or beaches around them, such as Plumb Beach
Plumb Beach
or Paerdegat Basin. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is connected to Manhattan
Manhattan
by three bridges, the Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Williamsburg bridges; a vehicular tunnel, the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel (formerly the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel); and several subway tunnels. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
links Brooklyn
Brooklyn
with the more suburban borough of Staten Island. Though much of its border is on land, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
shares several water crossings with Queens, including the Kosciuszko Bridge (part of the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway), the Pulaski Bridge, and the JJ Byrne Memorial Bridge, all of which carry traffic over Newtown Creek, and the Marine Parkway Bridge connecting Brooklyn
Brooklyn
to the Rockaway Peninsula. Waterways[edit] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
was long a major shipping port, especially at the Brooklyn Army Terminal in Sunset Park. Most container ship cargo operations have shifted to the New Jersey
New Jersey
side of New York Harbor, while the Brooklyn Cruise Terminal
Brooklyn Cruise Terminal
in Red Hook is a focal point for New York's growing cruise industry. The Queen Mary 2, one of the world's largest ocean liners, was designed specifically to fit under the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the United States. She makes regular ports of call at the Red Hook terminal on her transatlantic crossings from Southampton, England. [118] In February 2015, Mayor Bill de Blasio
Bill de Blasio
announced that the city government would begin NYC Ferry
NYC Ferry
to extend ferry transportation to traditionally underserved communities in the city.[119][110] The ferry opened in May 2017,[120][121] offering commuter services from the western shore of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
to Manhattan
Manhattan
via three routes. The East River Ferry serves points in Lower Manhattan, Midtown, Long Island City, and northwestern Brooklyn
Brooklyn
via its East River
East River
route. The South Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Rockaway routes serve southwestern Brooklyn
Brooklyn
before terminating in lower Manhattan.[118] NY Waterway
NY Waterway
offers tours and charters. SeaStreak
SeaStreak
also offers weekday ferry service between the Brooklyn Army Terminal
Brooklyn Army Terminal
and the Manhattan
Manhattan
ferry slips at Pier 11 downtown and East 34th Street
East 34th Street
in midtown. A Cross-Harbor Rail Tunnel, originally proposed in the 1920s as a core project for the then new Port Authority of New York
Port Authority of New York
is again being studied and discussed as a way to ease freight movements across a large swath of the metropolitan area.

Manhattan
Manhattan
Bridge seen from Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
Park.

Education[edit] See also: Education in New York City
New York City
and List of high schools in New York City Education in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions. Public schools in the borough are managed by the New York City
New York City
Department of Education, the largest public school system. Brooklyn Technical High School
Brooklyn Technical High School
(commonly called Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tech), a New York City public high school, is the largest specialized high school for science, mathematics, and technology in the United States.[122] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tech opened in 1922. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tech is located across the street from Fort Greene Park. This high school was built from 1930 to 1933 at a cost of about $6,000,000 and is 12 stories high. It covers about half of a city block.[123] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tech is noted for its famous alumni[124] (including two Nobel Laureates), its academics, and the large number of graduates attending prestigious universities. Higher education[edit] Public colleges[edit] Brooklyn College
Brooklyn College
is a senior college of the City University of New York, and was the first public coeducational liberal arts college in New York City. The College ranked in the top 10 nationally for the second consecutive year in Princeton Review’s 2006 guidebook, America’s Best Value Colleges. Many of its students are first and second generation Americans. Founded in 1970, Medgar Evers College
Medgar Evers College
is a senior college of the City University of New York, with a mission to develop and maintain high quality, professional, career-oriented undergraduate degree programs in the context of a liberal arts education. The College offers programs both at the baccalaureate and associate degree levels, as well as Adult and Continuing Education classes for Central Brooklyn residents, corporations, government agencies, and community organizations. Medgar Evers College
Medgar Evers College
is a few blocks east of Prospect Park in Crown Heights. CUNY's New York City
New York City
College of Technology (City Tech) of The City University of New York (CUNY) (Downtown Brooklyn/ Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights) is the largest public college of technology in New York State
New York State
and a national model for technological education. Established in 1946, City Tech can trace its roots to 1881 when the Technical Schools of the Metropolitan Museum of Art were renamed the New York Trade School. That institution—which became the Voorhees Technical Institute many decades later—was soon a model for the development of technical and vocational schools worldwide. In 1971, Voorhees was incorporated into City Tech. SUNY Downstate College of Medicine, founded as the Long Island
Long Island
College Hospital in 1860, is the oldest hospital-based medical school in the United States. The Medical Center comprises the College of Medicine, College of Health Related Professions, College of Nursing, School of Public Health, School of Graduate Studies, and University Hospital of Brooklyn. The Nobel Prize winner Robert F. Furchgott
Robert F. Furchgott
was a member of its faculty. Half of the Medical Center's students are minorities or immigrants. The College of Medicine has the highest percentage of minority students of any medical school in New York State. Private colleges[edit]

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Law School's 1994 new classical "Fell Hall" tower, by architect Robert A. M. Stern

Brooklyn Law School
Brooklyn Law School
was founded in 1901 and is notable for its diverse student body. Women and African Americans were enrolled in 1909. According to the Leiter Report, a compendium of law school rankings published by Brian Leiter, Brooklyn Law School
Brooklyn Law School
places 31st nationally for quality of students.[125] Long Island
Long Island
University is a private university headquartered in Brookville on Long Island, with a campus in Downtown Brooklyn
Downtown Brooklyn
with 6,417 undergraduate students. The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
campus has strong science and medical technology programs, at the graduate and undergraduate levels. Pratt Institute, in Clinton Hill, is a private college founded in 1887 with programs in engineering, architecture, and the arts. Some buildings in the school's Brooklyn
Brooklyn
campus are official landmarks. Pratt has over 4700 students, with most at its Brooklyn
Brooklyn
campus. Graduate programs include library and information science, architecture, and urban planning. Undergraduate programs include architecture, construction management, writing, critical and visual studies, industrial design and fine arts, totaling over 25 programs in all.

NYU Tandon Wunsch Building

The New York University
New York University
Tandon School of Engineering, the United States' second oldest private institute of technology, founded in 1854, has its main campus in Downtown's MetroTech Center, a commercial, civic and educational redevelopment project of which it was a key sponsor. NYU-Tandon is one of the 18 schools and colleges that comprise New York University
New York University
(NYU).[126][127][128][129] St. Francis College
St. Francis College
is a Catholic college located in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights and was founded in 1859 by Franciscan friars. Today, there are over 2,400 students attending the small liberal arts college. St. Francis is considered by The New York Times
The New York Times
as one of the more diverse colleges, and was ranked one of the best baccalaureate colleges by both Forbes
Forbes
magazine and U.S. News & World Report.[130][131][132] Brooklyn
Brooklyn
also has smaller liberal arts institutions, such as Saint Joseph's College in Clinton Hill and Boricua College
Boricua College
in Williamsburg. Community colleges[edit] Kingsborough Community College
Kingsborough Community College
is a junior college in the City University of New York system, located in Manhattan
Manhattan
Beach. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Public Library[edit]

The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza.

As an independent system, separate from the New York and Queens
Queens
public library systems, the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Public Library[133] offers thousands of public programs, millions of books, and use of more than 850 free Internet-accessible computers. It also has books and periodicals in all the major languages spoken in Brooklyn, including English, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Hebrew, and Haitian Creole, as well as French, Yiddish, Hindi, Bengali, Polish, Italian, and Arabic. The Central Library is a landmarked building facing Grand Army Plaza. There are 58 library branches, placing one within a half mile of each Brooklyn
Brooklyn
resident. In addition to its specialized Business Library in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights, the Library is preparing to construct its new Visual & Performing Arts Library (VPA) in the BAM Cultural District, which will focus on the link between new and emerging arts and technology and house traditional and digital collections. It will provide access and training to arts applications and technologies not widely available to the public. The collections will include the subjects of art, theater, dance, music, film, photography and architecture. A special archive will house the records and history of Brooklyn's arts communities.

Partnerships with districts of foreign cities[edit] See also: New York City
New York City
§ Sister cities

Anzio, Lazio, Italy
Italy
(since 1990) Gdynia, Poland
Poland
(since 1991)[134] Beşiktaş, Istanbul Province, Turkey
Turkey
(since 2005)[135] Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Austria
Austria
(since 2007)[136][137][138] London Borough of Lambeth, United Kingdom Bnei Brak, Israel

Hospitals and healthcare[edit] Main article: List of hospitals in Brooklyn

Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center [139] Kings County Hospital Center NYC Health + Hospitals/Kings County

See also[edit]

General links:

NRHP listings in Kings County List of people from Brooklyn List of counties in New York List of tallest buildings in Brooklyn

History of neighborhoods:

Bedford–Stuyvesant Bushwick Canarsie Coney Island Crown Heights East Williamsburg Flatbush Gravesend Greenpoint New Utrecht Park Slope Williamsburg

General history:

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Visual Heritage History of New York City List of former municipalities in New York City Timeline of Brooklyn
Timeline of Brooklyn
history

New York City
New York City
portal New York portal

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c QuickFacts for Kings County ( Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough), New York, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed March 28, 2018. ^ GCT-PH1; Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 - United States -- County by State; and for Puerto Rico from the Census 2000 Summary File
File
1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed September 18, 2016. ^ a b 2010 Gazetteer for New York State, United States
United States
Census Bureau. Accessed September 18, 2016. ^ Henry Alford (May 1, 2013). "How I Became a Hipster". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016.  ^ Oshrat Carmiel (April 9, 2015). " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Home Prices Jump 18% to Record as Buyers Compete". Bloomberg, L.P.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ "19 Reasons Why Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Is New York's New Startup Hotspot". CB Insights. October 19, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2016.  ^ a b Vanessa Friedman (April 30, 2016). "Brooklyn's Wearable Revolution". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2016.  ^ Alexandria Symonds (April 29, 2016). "One Celebrated Brooklyn Artist's Futuristic New Practice". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2016.  ^ "Current Population Estimates: NYC". NYC.gov. Retrieved June 10, 2017.  ^ Carroll, Maurice (September 16, 1971). "Historical District Named in Brooklyn". The New York Times. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Dexter, Franklin B. (April 1885). "The History of Connecticut, as Illustrated by the Names of Her Towns". Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. American Antiquarian Society: 438.  ^ Powell, Lyman Pierson (1899). Historic Towns of the Middle States. G. P. Putnam's sons. p. 216. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Winter, J. M. Van (1998). Sources concerning the hospitallers of St John in the Netherlands: 14th-18th centuries. BRILL. p. 765. ISBN 9004108033. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Ellis, Edward Robb (2011). The Epic of New York City: A Narrative History. Basic Books. p. 42. ISBN 9780465030538. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Rensselaer, Schuyler Van (1909). History of the City of New York in the Seventeenth Century: New York under the Stuarts. Macmillan. p. 149. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopaedia Britannica. p. 648. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Map of six townships ^ "Notes Geographical and Historical, relating to the Town of Brooklyn, in Kings County on Long-Island". ^ N.Y. Col. Laws, ch4/1:122 ^ "Slavery Here. Right in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Out on Long Island". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 29, 1891. p. 2. Retrieved October 18, 2017.  ^ McCullough, David. 1776. Simon & Schuster. May 24, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7432-2671-4 ^ a b McCullough, David. 1776. Simon & Schuster. May 24, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7432-2671-4 ^ "The Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle
and Kings County Democrat". October 26, 1841. Retrieved July 29, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "The Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle
and Kings County Democrat". October 26, 1841. Retrieved July 29, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "The Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle
and Kings County Democrat". bklyn.newspapers.com. Newspapers.com. October 26, 1841. Retrieved July 29, 2014.  ^ "The Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle
and Kings County Democrat". October 26, 1841. Retrieved July 29, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "The Brooklyn Eagle
Brooklyn Eagle
and Kings County Democrat". October 26, 1841. Retrieved July 29, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ Jacob Judd, "Policing the City of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in the 1840's and 1850's", Journal of Long Island
Long Island
History (1966) (6)2 pp. 13–22. ^ The Encyclopedia of New York City; (P. 149 3rd Column.) ^ The 100 Year Anniversary of the Consolidation of the 5 Boroughs into New York City, New York City, retrieved January 31, 2008  ^ McCullough, David W; Kalett, Jim (1983). Brooklyn-- and how it got that way. New York, NY: Dial Press. p. 58. ISBN 0385274270.  ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A. "World Map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification". The University of Melbourne. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2016.  ^ [1] Accessed March 29, 2016. ^ " USDA
USDA
Plant Hardiness Zone Map". Agricultural
Agricultural
Research Center, PRISM Climate Group Oregon State University. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2016.  ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 18, 2016.  ^ "Station Name: NY NEW YORK JFK INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 28, 2014.  ^ "NEW YORK/JFK, NY Climate Normals 1961−1990". NOAA. Retrieved March 23, 2014.  ^ ""Notes Geographical and Historical, relating to the Town of Brooklyn, i" by Gabriel Furman and Paul Royster (transcriber & depositor)". Digitalcommons.unl.edu. March 21, 2006. Retrieved December 22, 2010.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.  ^ [2] Accessed March 30, 2018. ^ " Kings County, New York
Kings County, New York
QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ "State & County QuickFacts - Queens
Queens
County ( Queens
Queens
Borough), New York". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ " Nassau County, New York
Nassau County, New York
QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ " Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County, New York
QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2016.  ^ Weichselbaum, Simone (June 26, 2012). "Nearly one in four Brooklyn residents are Jews, new study finds". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 31, 2016.  ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 - 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2016.  ^ "Selected Population Profile in the United States
United States
- 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates - Kings County, New York
Kings County, New York
Chinese alone". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2016.  ^ "The Racial Dot Map: One Dot Per Person for the Entire U.S." Archived from the original on September 21, 2013.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.  ^ "U.S. Census Bureau, "Residential Population and Components of Change New York State
New York State
and Counties, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2006. Retrieved August 4, 2006.  ^ Tracy, Thomas (October 7, 2009). "Brooklyn's LGBT community to join Washington march". New York Post. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/AGE115210/36047 ^ "Kings County ( Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough), New York". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016.  ^ a b c d Gibson, Campbell; and Jung, Kay. "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals by Race, 1790 to 1990, and by Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, for Large Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States", United States
United States
Census Bureau, February 2005. Accessed November 19, 2016. ^ "Kings County, New York". Modern Language Association. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ "African Americans", Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved March 1, 2008. ^ Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 19, 2016. ^ Ritter, John (August 28, 2007). " San Francisco
San Francisco
Hopes to Reverse Black Flight". USA Today. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Census Shows More Black Residents Are Leaving New York and Other Cities". The New York Times. September 12, 2007.  ^ "State & County QuickFacts: California". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 28, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2007.  ^ Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Economic Development Corporation. Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy Report, 2002. www.bedc.org. Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Muhammad, Nisa Islam. "D.C. 'exodus' sparks district renewal efforts for Whites", The Final Call, June 21, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2007. ^ "We Speak Your Language". maimonidesmed.org. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.  ^ "'Scrubs' Near the D Train". The New York Times. May 11, 2008.  ^ Nicholas Confessore & Michael Barbaro (June 24, 2011). "New York Allows Same-Sex Marriage, Becoming Largest State to Pass Law". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2016.  ^ Michelle Higgins (August 22, 2014). "Life After Brooklyn
Brooklyn
- Moving Out of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Because of High Prices". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2016.  ^ Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection: Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris. Retrieved June 12, 2006. ^ "Acting DA Gonzalez to finish term despite push for Letitia James".  ^ a b c New York State
New York State
Department of Labor Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Report, April 2006 Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ New York City
New York City
Economic Development Corporation, Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough Update March 2004. [3] Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Food Start-Ups Find a Home in Brooklyn". The New York Times. March 28, 2012.  ^ A Case Study of Seatrain Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
& the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Navy Yard. ^ New York State
New York State
Dept of Labor Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 County Business Patterns Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " New York State
New York State
Dept of Labor". Labor.state.ny.us. Archived from the original on October 5, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "FDIC Office Directory". FDIC.gov. Archived from the original on May 10, 2000. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Credit Unions in Brooklyn, NY". Branchspot.com. November 9, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2015.  ^ Maya Kosoff (February 5, 2015). "These are the 11 hottest tech startups in Brooklyn". Business Insider. Retrieved March 29, 2016.  ^ Sheila McClear (February 6, 2010). "Why the classic Noo Yawk accent is fading away". New York Post. Retrieved March 29, 2016.  ^ Borough of Brooklyn.blue and gold Archived October 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Technical High School, K430, Borough of Brooklyn, Zip Code 11217". Schools.nyc.gov. October 31, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ LEON NEYFAKH, Special
Special
to the Sun (July 5, 2006). "Latest Boom in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is in Failures of Glossy Magazines". New York Sun.  ^ "Contact Archived June 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." ImpreMedia. Retrieved June 1, 2010. ^ a b Ward, Nathan (August–September 2005). " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Rising". American Heritage. Archived from the original on May 27, 2007.  ^ "The Art of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Film Festival". The Art of Bklyn. Retrieved June 30, 2017.  ^ "New park adds rides at Coney Island". Reading Eagle. Retrieved June 29, 2010. ^ "Henry Evelyn Pierrepont". Findagrave.com. Retrieved November 2, 2011.  ^ "About Prospect Park". Prospect Park Alliance: Official Web Site of Prospect Park. Prospect Park Alliance. 2008. Retrieved November 29, 2008.  ^ "Audubon New York". National Audubon Society. 2008. Archived from the original on January 16, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2008.  ^ "BrooklynBallParks.com".  ^ "Rare Sport for Connoisseurs: How Baseball Was Born in Brooklyn". Oldbrooklynbaseball.com. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ Ebbets Field
Ebbets Field
Archived October 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved October 10, 2007. ^ Elstein, Aaron. "Renowned Cosmos soccer team faces possible extinctionThe sport's governing body has moved to relegate the team Pele once played for to a lower division", Crain's New York Business, September 11, 2017. Accessed September 16, 2017. "In 2009 the NASL was revived, and the Cosmos reappeared soon after. But few attended games at Hofstra University on Long Island, and, after piling up about $30 million in losses, the Cosmos were about to shut down again last year when Commisso rescued the team and moved it to Coney Island's MCU Park, the 7,000-seat home of the Brooklyn Cyclones
Brooklyn Cyclones
minor-league baseball team." ^ Ebbets Field
Ebbets Field
History, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed September 16, 2017. ^ http://www.brooklyn-living.com/fishing.html ^ https://mj2fishing.com/ ^ http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/8377.html ^ Brooklyn. Tri‐State Transportation Campaign and the Pratt Center for Community Development. Accessed May 16, 2015. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ nycsubway.org—IND Second System 1929 Plan ^ "1968 NYCTA Expansion Plans (Picture)". Second Avenue Sagas.  Retrieved December 6, 2013 ^ Program for Action maps from thejoekorner.com ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2017.  ^ Mcgeehan, Patrick (June 15, 2016). "De Blasio's $325 Million Ferry Push: Rides to 5 Boroughs, at Subway Price". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 28, 2016.  ^ a b "New York City's Ferry Service Set to Launch in 2017". NBC New York. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River
East River
routes". NY Daily News. Associated Press. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.  ^ Levine, Alexandra S.; Wolfe, Jonathan (2017-05-01). "New York Today: Our City's New Ferry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-01.  ^ "Route Map" (PDF). NYC Ferry. 2017. Retrieved July 13, 2017.  ^ "Citywide Ferry Service to Launch in June 2017, Official Says". DNAinfo New York. March 3, 2016. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (February 3, 2016). "Mayor de Blasio to Propose Streetcar
Streetcar
Line Linking Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Queens". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ "Bushwick Expressway (I-78, unbuilt)". Nycroads.com. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Cross Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Expressway (I-878, unbuilt)". Nycroads.com. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ a b "Route Map" (PDF). NYC Ferry. 2017. Retrieved July 13, 2017.  ^ Mcgeehan, Patrick (June 15, 2016). "De Blasio's $325 Million Ferry Push: Rides to 5 Boroughs, at Subway Price". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 28, 2016.  ^ "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River
East River
routes". NY Daily News. Associated Press. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.  ^ Levine, Alexandra S.; Wolfe, Jonathan (May 1, 2017). "New York Today: Our City's New Ferry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 1, 2017.  ^ New York City
New York City
School Reports 2006–07 ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Technical High School". Bths.edu. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tech Alumni Foundation Hall of Fame ^ "Leiter's Law School Rankings". Leiterrankings.com. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "About NYU". New York University. Retrieved October 19, 2012.  ^ "Sam Pitroda to give inaugural address at NYU engineering school". Jagran Post. May 15, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012.  ^ "8. Polytechnic Institute of New York University
New York University
(NYU-Poly) - 24/7 Wall St.: Colleges That Guarantee the Highest Salaries - Comcast.net". Archived from the original on July 24, 2013.  ^ "Schools and Colleges". New York University. Retrieved October 19, 2012.  ^ "Colleges of Many Colors". The New York Times. November 5, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2007.  ^ "America's Best Colleges List". Forbes. August 5, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2010.  ^ "Baccalaureate Colleges (North) Rankings". U.S News & World Report. 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2010.  ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Public Library". Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Gdynia: Twin Cities". Gdynia.pl. Archived from the original on January 21, 2016.  ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough President". Brooklyn-usa.org. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "BP (Borough Pres.) Markowitz joins Vienna deputy mayor to announce new "district partnership" (March 05)". Brooklyn-usa.org. March 5, 2007. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Vienna in New York 2007 - (March 15, 2007)". Wieninternational.at. March 15, 2007. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ " Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in Leopoldstadt
Leopoldstadt
(July 5, 2007)". Wieninternational.at. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2010.  ^ "Brookdale Hospital - General Information". Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Brooklyn Published 1950–present[edit]

Curran, Winifred. " Gentrification
Gentrification
and the nature of work: exploring the links in Williamsburg, Brooklyn." Environment And Planning A. 36 (2004): 1243-1258. Curran, Winifred. "'From the Frying Pan to the Oven': Gentrification and the Experience of Industrial Displacement in Williamsburg, Brooklyn." Urban Studies (2007) 44#8 pp: 1427-1440. Golenbock, Peter. Bums: An Oral History of the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Dodgers (Courier Corporation, 2010) Harris, Lynn. "Park Slope: Where Is the Love?" The New York Times
The New York Times
May 18, 2008 Livingston, E. H. President Lincoln's Third Largest City: Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and The Civil War (1994) McCullough, David W., and Jim Kalett. Brooklyn...and How It Got That Way (1983); guide to neighborhoods; many photos McCullough, David. The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
(2001) Ment, David. The shaping of a city: A brief history of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(1979) Trezza, Frank J. " Brooklyn Navy Yard
Brooklyn Navy Yard
1966–1986, the Yard was still a Shipyard not an Industrial Park" Robbins, Michael W., ed. Brooklyn: A State of Mind. Workman Publishing, New York, 2001. Shepard, Benjamin Heim / Noonan, Mark J.: Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Tides. The Fall and Rise of a Global Borough (transcript Verlag, 2018) Snyder-Grenier, Ellen M. Brooklyn!: an illustrated history (Temple University Press, 2004) Warf, Barney. "The reconstruction of social ecology and neighborhood change in Brooklyn." Environment and Planning D (1990) 8#1 pp: 73-96. Wellman, Judith. Brooklyn's Promised Land: The Free Black Community of Weeksville, New York (2014) Wilder, Craig Steven. A Covenant with Color: Race and Social Power in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
1636-1990 (Columbia University Press, 2013)

Published until 1949[edit]

Howard, Henry Ward Beecher (1893). The Eagle and Brooklyn: the record of the progress of the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
daily eagle. Vol 1.  W. Williams (1850), "Brooklyn", Appleton's northern and eastern traveller's guide, New York: D. Appleton  Henry Reed Stiles
Henry Reed Stiles
(1867), A history of the city of Brooklyn, Brooklyn: Pub. by subscription  "Brooklyn", Appleton's Illustrated Hand-Book of American Cities, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1876  Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
(1898). Almanac: 1898 (2nd ed.). Brooklyn.  Harrington Putnam (1899), "Brooklyn", in Lyman P. Powell, Historic towns of the middle states, New York: G. P. Putnam's sons, OCLC 248109  Ernest Ingersoll (1906), "Greater New York: Brooklyn", Rand, McNally & Co.'s handy guide to New York City, Brooklyn, Staten Island, and other districts included in the enlarged city (20th ed.), Chicago: Rand, McNally, OCLC 29277709  Edward Hungerford (1913), "Across the East River", The Personality of American Cities, New York: McBride, Nast & Company   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Brooklyn". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Federal Writers’ Project
Federal Writers’ Project
(1940). "New York City: Brooklyn". New York: a Guide to the Empire State. American Guide Series. New York: Oxford University Press. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Brooklyn

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brooklyn, New York City.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Brooklyn.

Official website of the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Borough President

History:

Digital Public Library of America. Items related to Brooklyn, various dates. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Online, 1841-1902 (from the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Public Library) Crossing Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Ferry by Walt Whitman Notes Geographical and Historical, relating to the Town of Brooklyn, in Kings County on Long-Island. (1824) An Online Electronic Text Edition. by Gabriel Furman ""Becoming Wards One By One" The Brooklyn Daily Eagle
Brooklyn Daily Eagle
(May 4, 1894). p. 12. Society of Old Brooklynites

Links to related articles

v t e

Neighborhoods in the New York City
New York City
borough of Brooklyn

Admiral's Row Barren Island Bath Beach Bay Ridge Bedford–Stuyvesant Bensonhurst Bergen Beach Beverley Square BoCoCa Boerum Hill Borough Park Bridge Plaza Brighton Beach Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Heights Brownsville Bushwick Canarsie Carroll Gardens Chinatown Clinton Hill Cobble Hill Columbia Street Waterfront District Coney Island Crown Heights Ditmas Park Downtown Dumbo Dyker Heights East Flatbush East New York East Williamsburg Farragut (East Brooklyn) Farragut Houses
Farragut Houses
(NW Brooklyn) Fiske Terrace Flatbush Flatlands Fort Greene Fulton Ferry Gerritsen Beach Gowanus Gravesend Greenpoint Greenwood Heights Highland Park Homecrest Kensington Manhattan
Manhattan
Beach Mapleton Marine Park Midwood Mill Basin Navy Yard New Utrecht Ocean Hill Ocean Parkway Pacific Park/Atlantic Yards Park Slope Pigtown Plumb Beach Prospect Heights Prospect Lefferts Gardens Prospect Park South Red Hook Sea Gate Sheepshead Bay Spring Creek South Brooklyn South Slope Starrett City Sunset Park The Hole Vinegar Hill Wallabout Weeksville West Midwood White Sands Williamsburg Windsor Terrace Wingate Wyckoff Heights

Community boards 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

See also History of Brooklyn Timeline of Brooklyn

v t e

Sheriff of Kings County, New York

John Teunis Bergen (1821-1825) John Teunis Bergen (1828-1831) Anthony F. Campbell (1840) Anthony F. Campbell (1865) Williams (1873) Lewis R. Stegman
Lewis R. Stegman
(1881-?) Courtney (1892) Frank D. Creamer (1898-1900) William H. Ebner (1910) Crowley Wentworth (1910) Charles Blakeslee Law
Charles Blakeslee Law
(1912-1913) Jacob A. Brenner (1913-1915) Edward J. Riegelmann
Edward J. Riegelmann
(1915-1917) Daniel Joseph Griffin
Daniel Joseph Griffin
(1917) Joseph Fucito (2015)

v t e

New York City

The Five Boroughs The Bronx
The Bronx
(Bronx County) Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(Kings County): Manhattan
Manhattan
(New York County) Queens
Queens
( Queens
Queens
County) Staten Island
Staten Island
(Richmond County)

General topics

History

timeline

Neighborhoods

ethnic enclaves

Architecture

monuments skyscrapers

People Media Economy

companies

Geography Flags Environment

food and water

Demographics

history

Culture

Arts Books Cuisine Dialect Museums Music Nicknames "Sixth borough" Sports Tourism

gardens landmarks parks

Government

Mayor Elections Council Borough presidents Politics

Emergency services

Hospitals Fire Police

crime law enforcement

Education

Dept. of Education Elementary schools High schools Colleges

Transportation

History Entities

DOT former BOT Vision Zero Initiative

Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Subway Bus Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road Metro-North Railroad

PATH Bridges and tunnels Streets

Topical

Other lists Images Portal

New York metropolitan area State of New York United States

v t e

New York metropolitan area

Counties

Bergen Bronx Carbon Dutchess Essex Fairfield Hudson Hunterdon Kings Lehigh Litchfield Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Monroe Morris Nassau New Haven Northampton New York Ocean Orange Passaic Pike Putnam Queens Richmond Rockland Somerset Suffolk Sussex Sullivan Ulster Union Warren Westchester

Major cities

New York City

The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island

Cities and towns over 100,000

Allentown Babylon Bridgeport Brookhaven Edison Elizabeth Hempstead Huntington Islip Jersey City New Haven Newark North Hempstead Oyster Bay Paterson Smithtown Stamford Waterbury Woodbridge Yonkers

Cities and towns over 25,000

Bayonne Bergenfield Bethlehem Branford Cheshire Clifton Danbury East Haven East Orange Easton Englewood Ewing Township Fairfield Fair Lawn Fort Lee Freehold Township Garfield Greenwich Hackensack Hamden Hamilton Township, Mercer County Hoboken Howell Kearny Long Beach Long Branch Lower Macungie Township Mahwah Manalapan Marlboro Meriden Middletown, NJ Middletown, NY Milford Mount Vernon Naugatuck New Brunswick New Milford New Rochelle Newburgh Newtown Norwalk Old Bridge Paramus Passaic Perth Amboy Plainfield Poughkeepsie Rahway Shelton Stratford Teaneck Torrington Trenton Trumbull Union City Wallingford West Haven Westfield Westport White Plains Whitehall Township, PA

Cities and towns over 10,000

Ansonia Asbury Park Beacon Bethel Bethlehem Township, PA Brookfield Coolbaugh Township Darien Derby Dover Dumont East Stroudsburg Edgewater Elmwood Park Emmaus, PA Fairview Franklin Lakes Freehold Borough Glen Rock Guildford Guttenberg Harrison, NJ Harrison, NY Hasbrouck Heights Hazlet Hillsdale Holmdel Kingston Linden Little Ferry Lodi Lyndhurst Madison Monroe Morristown New Canaan New Fairfield New Milford North Arlington North Branford North Haven Northampton, PA Oakland Orange Palisades Park Phillipsburg Plymouth Peekskill Ramsey Red Bank Ridgefield, CT Ridgefield, NJ Ridgefield Park Ridgewood Rutherford Rye Saddle Brook Scarsdale Secaucus Seymour Somerville Southbury Stroud Township Summit Tenafly Upper Macungie Township Wallington Watertown West Milford West New York Weston Westwood Wilton Winchester Wolcott Wyckoff

Regions

Catskills Central Jersey Greater Danbury Greater New Haven Greater Waterbury Housatonic Valley Hudson Valley Lehigh Valley Litchfield Hills Long Island North Jersey Poconos Skylands Region Southwestern Connecticut

v t e

Long Island

General topics

Long Island

Economy Geography History Policing People Politics Popular culture Recreation Transportation

Places

Municipalities North Shore South Shore North Fork South Fork Long Island
Long Island
Sound Barrier islands Fire Island

Counties

Kings (Brooklyn) Queens Nassau Suffolk

Cities

New York City
New York City
(part) Glen Cove Long Beach

Towns

Nassau

Hempstead North Hempstead Oyster Bay

Suffolk

Babylon Brookhaven East Hampton Huntington Islip Riverhead Shelter Island Smithtown Southampton Southold

Villages & hamlets with more than 10,000 inhabitants

Babylon Baldwin Bay Shore Bethpage Commack Dix Hills East Rockaway Elwood Floral Park Freeport Garden City Hempstead Village Hicksville Huntington Islip Kings Park Lake Grove Levittown Lindenhurst Lynbrook Massapequa Massapequa Park Merrick Mineola Oceanside Riverhead Rockville Centre Patchogue Smithtown Uniondale Valley Stream Wantagh Westbury West Islip

Villages & hamlets with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Amityville Asharoken Atlantic Beach Baxter Estates Bayville Belle Terre Bellerose Bellerose Terrace Bellport Brightwaters Brookville Cedarhurst Centre Island Cove Neck Dering Harbor East Hampton East Hills East Williston Farmingdale Flower Hill Great Neck Great Neck Estates Great Neck Plaza Greenport Head of the Harbor Hewlett Bay Park Hewlett Harbor Hewlett Neck Huntington Bay Island Park Islandia Kensington Kings Point Lake Success Lattingtown Laurel Hollow Lawrence Lloyd Harbor Malverne Manorhaven Matinecock Mill Neck Munsey Park Muttontown New Hyde Park Nissequogue North Haven North Hills Northport Ocean Beach Old Brookville Old Field Old Westbury Oyster Bay Cove Plandome Plandome Heights Plandome Manor Poquott Port Jefferson Port Washington North Quogue Roslyn Roslyn Estates Roslyn Harbor Russell Gardens Saddle Rock Sag Harbor Sagaponack Sands Point Saltaire Sea Cliff Shoreham South Floral Park Southampton Stewart Thomaston Upper Brookville Village of the Branch West Hampton Dunes Westhampton Beach Williston Park

v t e

 State of New York

Albany (capital)

Topics

Bibliography Demographics Economy Education Geography History Healthcare Museums Music Nickname Parks People Politics Sports Symbols Transportation Tourist attractions

Politics

Administrative divisions Congressional districts Constitution Elections Government Law

Regions

Adirondack Mountains Allegheny Plateau Capital District Catskill Mountains Central Region (formerly Central-Leatherstocking) Central New York Champlain Valley New York City Finger Lakes Holland Purchase Hudson Highlands Hudson Valley Long Island Mohawk Valley Niagara Frontier North Country Ridge and Valley Saint Lawrence Seaway Shawangunks Ski country Southern Tier Southtowns Tech Valley Thousand Islands Tug Hill Upstate Western

Metro areas

Albany / Schenectady / Troy Binghamton Buffalo / Niagara Falls Elmira / Corning Glens Falls Ithaca Kingston New York City Rochester Syracuse Utica / Rome Watertown

Counties

Albany Allegany Bronx Broome Cattaraugus Cayuga Chautauqua Chemung Chenango Clinton Columbia Cortland Delaware Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Genesee Greene Hamilton Herkimer Jefferson Kings Lewis Livingston Madison Monroe Montgomery Nassau New York Niagara Oneida Onondaga Ontario Orange Orleans Oswego Otsego Putnam Queens Rensselaer Richmond Rockland Saint Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler Seneca Steuben Suffolk Sullivan Tioga Tompkins Ulster Warren Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates

Places

Cities Towns Indian reservations Villages Census-designated places

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 262147414 LCCN: n80040311 GND: 4224069-4 BNF:

.