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Brooklands
Brooklands
was a 2.75-mile (4.43 km) motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge
Weybridge
in Surrey, England, United Kingdom. It opened in 1907 and was the world's first purpose-built motor racing circuit[n 1] as well as one of Britain's first airfields, which also became Britain's largest aircraft manufacturing centre by 1918, producing military aircraft such as the Wellington and civil airliners like the VC-10.[1] The circuit hosted its last race in 1939 and today part of it forms the Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum, a major aviation and motoring museum, as well as a venue for vintage car, motorcycle and other transport-related events.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Brooklands
Brooklands
motor circuit 1.2 The Mountain Circuit 1.3 Motoring records

1.3.1 24-hour event 1.3.2 One-hour records 1.3.3 Distance records

1.4 World War One 1.5 Inter-war years

2 Brooklands
Brooklands
Aerodrome

2.1 1909–1914 2.2 World War One 2.3 Inter-war years 2.4 World War Two 2.5 Post-1945

3 Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum 4 Brooklands
Brooklands
centenary 5 Brooklands
Brooklands
today 6 People associated with Brooklands 7 Gallery 8 Footnotes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] Brooklands
Brooklands
motor circuit[edit] The Brooklands
Brooklands
motor circuit (or race track) was the brainchild of Hugh F. Locke King, and was the first purpose-built banked motor race circuit in the world. Following the Motor Car Act 1903, Britain was subject to a blanket 20 mph (32 km/h) speed limit on public roads: at a time when nearly 50% of the world's new cars were produced in France, there was concern that Britain's infant auto-industry would be hampered by the inability to undertake sustained high speed testing.[2] Requirements of speed and spectator visibility led to the Brooklands track being built as a 100 ft (30 m) wide, 2.75 miles (4.43 km) long, banked oval. The banking was nearly 30 feet (9 m) high in places. In addition to the oval, a bisecting "Finishing Straight" was built, increasing the track length to 3.25 miles (5.23 km), of which 1.25 miles (2.01 km) was banked. It could host up to 287,000 spectators in its heyday.[3] Owing to the complications of laying tarmacadam on banking, and the expense of laying asphalt, the track was built in uncoated concrete. This led in later years to a somewhat bumpy ride, as the surface suffered differential settlement over time. Along the centre of the track ran a dotted black line, known as the Fifty Foot Line. By driving over the line, a driver could theoretically take the banked corners without having to use the steering wheel. The track was opened on 17 June 1907 with a luncheon attended by most of Britain's motor manufacturers, followed by an informal inauguration of the track by a procession of 43 cars, one driven by Charles Rolls.[4] The first competitive event was held on 28–29 June, with three cars competing to break the world record for distance covered in 24 hours, and the first race meeting was held on 6 July, attracting over 10,000 spectators.[5] Apparently drawing inspiration from the development at Brooklands,[6] the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
was built soon afterwards, and held its inaugural race in August 1909. The Mountain Circuit[edit] The Brooklands
Brooklands
Mountain Circuit was a small section of the track giving a lap 1¼ miles long, running from the Fork to the rear of Members' Hill and back. It was created in 1930 using movable barriers.[7] Motoring records[edit] 24-hour event[edit] On 28–29 June 1907, eleven days after the circuit opened, it played host to the world's first 24-hour motor event, with Selwyn Edge leading three specially converted Napier cars around the circuit. A statement of intent had been made in 1906,[8] and Selwyn Edge
Selwyn Edge
entered into a physical training program to prepare for the event. His car, "804" was extensively modified, having a special fuel tank, bodywork removed, and a special windscreen. Over 300 red railway lamps were used to light the track during the night. Flares were used to mark the upper boundary of the track. Edge drove his car for the full duration, with the drivers of the other two cars (Henry C. Tryon/A. F. Browning and F. Draper/Frank Newton) taking the more familiar shift approach. During the event Edge covered a distance of 1,581.74 mi (2,545.56 km) at an average speed of 65.91 mph (106.07 km/h), comfortably beating the existing record of 1,096.187 mi (1,764.142 km) set at Indianapolis in 1905.[9] Women were not allowed to compete for several years. Dorothy Levitt, S. F. Edge's leading driver, was refused entry despite having been the 'first English-woman to compete in a motor race' in 1903, and holding the 'Ladies World Land Speed Record'. Edge completed 2,545 km[10] at an average 106.06 km/h, a record which stood for 17 years.[11] The first standard race meeting would be held the next week, on 6 July.[12] One-hour records[edit] George E. Stanley broke the one-hour record at Brooklands
Brooklands
race track on a Singer motorcycle in 1912, becoming the first ever rider of a 350 cc motorcycle to cover over 60 miles (97 km) in an hour. The world record for the first person to cover 100 miles (160 km) in 1 hour was set by Percy E. Lambert
Percy E. Lambert
at Brooklands, on 15 February 1913 when driving his 4.5 litre sidevalve Talbot. He actually covered 103 miles, 1470 yards (167.1 km) in 60 minutes. A contemporary film of his exploits on that day can be viewed at the Brooklands Museum. Distance records[edit] In July and August 1929, Violette Cordery
Violette Cordery
and her younger sister Evelyn drove her 4.5 litre four-seater Invicta for 30,000 miles in less than 30,000 minutes (approximately 20 days, 20 hours), averaging 61.57 mph and earning her second Dewar Trophy from the Royal Automobile Club.[13] World War One[edit] Brooklands
Brooklands
closed to motor racing during World War I, was requisitioned by the War Office and continued its pre-war role as a flying training centre although it was now under military control. Brooklands
Brooklands
soon became a major location for the construction, testing and supply of military aeroplanes. Inter-war years[edit]

Count Zborowski with Chitty Bang Bang
Chitty Bang Bang
1 at Brooklands, 1921.

Motor racing resumed in 1920 after extensive track repairs and Grand Prix motor racing was established at Brooklands
Brooklands
in 1926 by Henry Segrave, after his victories in the 1923 French Grand Prix
1923 French Grand Prix
and the San Sebastián Grand Prix (all won on Sunbeam Racing Cars which in various hands had significant success in Brooklands) the following year raised interest in the sport in Britain. This first British Grand Prix was won by Louis Wagner
Louis Wagner
and Robert Sénéchal, sharing the drive in a Delage
Delage
155B. The second British Grand Prix was staged there in 1927 and these two events resulted in improved facilities at Brooklands. In 1930, the Daily Herald offered a trophy for the fastest driver at an event at Brooklands. The first year, Birkin and Kaye Don
Kaye Don
competed, the former in a Bentley Blower
Bentley Blower
tourer, the latter in the Sunbeam 'Tigress' 4 litre, Don winning with a speed of 137.58 miles per hour (221.41 km/h). In 1932, Birkin won driving his red "Monoposto" Bentley Blower
Bentley Blower
No.1, clocking 137.96 miles per hour (222.03 km/h).[14] The track record stood for two years, before being beaten by John Cobb driving the 24 litre Napier-Railton, which holds the all-time lap record at 143.44 mph (230.84 km/h). During the late 1930s, Brooklands
Brooklands
also hosted massed start cycle racing events organised by the National Cyclists' Union (as the sport's governing body, the NCU banned such events from public roads). In 1939, it was used as a location for the Will Hay film, Ask a Policeman.[15] When World War II
World War II
broke out in 1939, motor racing ceased and the site was turned over to war-time production of military aircraft. Some of the track was damaged during this time by enemy bombing and a new access road to the Hawker factory was cut through from Oyster Lane. Other sections were also covered by temporary dispersal hangars. Brooklands
Brooklands
Aerodrome[edit] 1909–1914[edit]

Brooklands
Brooklands
Aero-Club car badge

Brooklands
Brooklands
was also one of Britain's first airfields. In 1908 Alliott Verdon-Roe was based at Brooklands
Brooklands
and carried out the first taxiing and towed flight trials of a British full-size powered aircraft by a British pilot. On Friday, 29 October 1909 the first official powered flight at Brooklands
Brooklands
was made by Frenchman Louis Paulhan
Louis Paulhan
and his Farman biplane: this special event attracted 20,000 people and was the first public flying display at Brooklands. Operating from specially prepared land inside the Race Track and given his own aeroplane shed, Paulhan made a series of flights on the following days, flying to a height of some 720 ft (220 m) on the Saturday and setting a new British endurance record of 2 hr 49 min 20 s on the Monday.[16] During 1910 Brooklands
Brooklands
rapidly became a major centre of flying in Britain and that summer, Hilda Hewlett
Hilda Hewlett
and Gustave Blondeau opened Britain's first flying school at Brooklands. Hewlett and Blondeau also started their aircraft manufacturing company, Hewlett & Blondeau Limited there before moving to larger premises in Clapham
Clapham
in London. Later in 1910 the Bristol Aeroplane Company also established a flying school, its first instructor and test pilot was Archie Low; Roe also started a flying school there. Vickers
Vickers
opened a flying school on 20 January 1912, and among its first instructors was R. Harold Barnwell; 77 pupils including Hugh Dowding were taught to fly until the school closed in August 1914. In February 1912 Thomas Sopwith
Thomas Sopwith
opened his flying school and in June, with several others, he set up the Sopwith Aviation Company
Sopwith Aviation Company
there, although their manufacturing premises were at Kingston upon Thames. Other aviation pioneers came to Brooklands
Brooklands
before World War One including Prince Serge de Bolotoff who tried to build a large tandem triplane in a shed there in 1913. Blériot, Martinsyde
Martinsyde
and Vickers also later produced military aeroplanes at Brooklands
Brooklands
which became Britain's largest aircraft manufacturing centre by 1918. Many flying schools operated here before 1914 and the aerodrome became a major flying training centre between the wars. World War One[edit] During World War I
World War I
Brooklands
Brooklands
closed to motor racing and was requisitioned by the War Office. Vickers
Vickers
Aviation Ltd set up a factory in 1915, and Brooklands
Brooklands
soon became a major centre for the construction, testing and supply of military aeroplanes. Civilian flying schools closed down or were merged into one Military Training School and flying training continued until at least the end of 1915. Several Royal Flying Corps squadrons including numbers 1, 8, 9 and 10 (plus No. 2 and 23 Reserve Squadrons) were formed (or reformed) and based briefly at Brooklands
Brooklands
during the war years. Continuing significant pioneering air-ground wireless trials pioneered by a Marconi
Marconi
team at Brooklands
Brooklands
from 1912, the aerodrome also housed various RFC units testing and training with airborne wireless communications equipment and the World's first voice to ground wireless message was successfully transmitted over Brooklands
Brooklands
in 1915. Major changes were made to the Flying Village with the construction in late 1917 of three large 'Belfast-truss' General Service Sheds for a new Aircraft Acceptance Park (later No. 10 AAP). This handled the assembly and testing of large numbers of new aeroplanes and finally closed in early 1920. Inter-war years[edit] Brooklands
Brooklands
Aviation Ltd was formed in 1931 to operate the aerodrome, and commissioned British airport architect Graham Dawbarn to design the Art Deco
Art Deco
Brooklands
Brooklands
Aero Clubhouse, which opened in May 1932. The company also operated the resident Brooklands
Brooklands
School of Flying, as well as those at Lympne, Shoreham and Sywell Aerodromes in the later 1930s. The original pre-WW1 Brooklands
Brooklands
Aero Club was re-formed by the BARC in May 1930 with Percy Bradley as Manager and the Brooklands Flying Club was established by Brooklands
Brooklands
Aviation in early 1933. Brooklands
Brooklands
Aviation won a War Department contract for pilot training for the Royal Air Force.[17] and opened No. 6 Elementary Flying Training School at Sywell on 10 June 1935, training pilots with a fleet of 20 de Havilland Tiger Moths, and in 1937 the RAF Volunteer Reserve School was set up at Sywell with a further 16 training aircraft. During WW2, Brooklands
Brooklands
Aviation became a contractor to the Civilian Repair Organisation, repairing various types of damaged aircraft, particularly Vickers
Vickers
Wellingtons. After ending its RAF flying training in 1946, the company diversified and built plywood and GRP cabin cruiser boats designed by Alan Eckford, until 1974.[18] The first flight of the Hawker Hurricane, later a famous fighter aircraft in the Battle of Britain, occurred at Brooklands
Brooklands
on November 6, 1935. World War Two[edit] In World War II, the site was again used for military aircraft production, in particular the Vickers
Vickers
Wellington, Vickers
Vickers
Warwick and Hawker Hurricane
Hawker Hurricane
and was extensively camouflaged. Trees were also planted in some sections of the concrete track to help conceal the Hawker and Vickers
Vickers
aircraft factories there. Despite these efforts, the Vickers
Vickers
factory was successfully bombed by the Luftwaffe and extensively damaged on 4 September 1940 with nearly 90 aircraft workers killed and at least 419 injured. Five unidentified victims were buried in unmarked graves in Burvale Cemetery, Hersham, on 9 September although one of these was later confirmed to be 36 year old William E Hunt. On 10 March 2016, thanks to the efforts of local residents, sponsors and supporters, permanent memorials to Mr Hunt and the other four civilians were dedicated by the Reverend Martin Fletcher and Elmbridge
Elmbridge
Borough Councillor Mary Sheldon. Attendees included relatives of Vickers
Vickers
factor worker Eric S Powell who also died on 4 September 1940 aged 26 and is now believed to be one of the remaining four unidentified casualties buried at Burvale. The Hawker factory premises were also bombed and damaged two days later, but with no loss of life or serious disruption to Hurricane production. On 21 September 1940, Lt John MacMillan Stevenson Patton of the Royal Canadian Engineers risked his life when he and five others manhandled an unexploded German bomb away from the Hawker aircraft factory at Brooklands
Brooklands
and rolled it into an existing bomb crater where it later exploded harmlessly - his bravery was subsequently recognised by the award of the George Cross. The crucial role of Brooklands
Brooklands
in the Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
of 1940 is now explained in an exhibition at Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum.

The Vickers
Vickers
factory at Brooklands.

After the bombing of Brooklands
Brooklands
in September 1940, the Vickers-Armstrongs
Vickers-Armstrongs
Design Department with Rex Pierson, Barnes Wallis and several hundred other staff was dispersed to a secret location at the nearby Burhill Golf Course, just East of St George's Hill in Hersham
Hersham
and the Experimental Department led by George Edwards was relocated to temporary premises at Foxwarren in Redhill Road, Cobham. These two facilities played a crucial part in the successful development of the 'Upkeep' mine - better known today as the 'bouncing bomb' conceived by Barnes Wallis
Barnes Wallis
and deployed to such devastating effect by the 'Dambuster' Avro Lancasters
Avro Lancasters
of 617 Squadron, RAF, led by Guy Gibson
Guy Gibson
against Germany's Ruhr Valley reservoirs on the night of 16–17 May 1943. Post-1945[edit] After the war, the circuit was in poor condition and it was sold to Vickers-Armstrongs
Vickers-Armstrongs
in 1946 for continued use as an aircraft factory. New aircraft types including the Viking, Valetta, Varsity, Viscount, Vanguard and VC10 were subsequently, designed, manufactured and delivered from there. In 1951, construction of a new hard runway required a section of the motor circuit's famous Byfleet Banking to be removed to allow Vickers Valiant V bombers to be flown out to nearby Wisley Airfield
Wisley Airfield
which offered a longer runway and less built-up surroundings than Brooklands. This airfield opened as a flight test centre for Vickers in 1944 and used until 1972 (latterly by the BAC). After considerable expansion with increasing commercial success in the 1950s, the Vickers
Vickers
factory expanded to its peak size in the early 1960s in preparation for the VC10 manufacturing programme and became a major part of the new British Aircraft Corporation
British Aircraft Corporation
in 1960. Substantial investment in the site at this time saw many new buildings constructed and also existing premises modified. First, in the mid-1950s, came a new assembly hall for the Vickers
Vickers
Viscount known as 'B.1' (presumably as it consisted of a number of standard war-time B.1 type hangars re-used (together with some T.2 hangars too) and rebuilt as one long double bay structure parallel to the runway. A large new 60,378 sq ft VC10 flight shed hangar was ready to house the prototype VC10 airliner by 1962 and a second even larger (98,989 sq ft) flight shed was added alongside this by 1964. The latter was probably the largest aircraft hangar in Europe at the time and became known locally as 'The Cathedral' hangar while the smaller shed was called 'The Abbey'. The huge factory at Brooklands
Brooklands
went on to design and build the BAC TSR.2, One-Eleven and major assemblies for Concorde. The Labour government's cancellation of TSR-2 in 1965 and the disappointing lack of significant orders for VC10s and Concorde
Concorde
saw the factory contract from the early 1970s. It became part of the newly formed British Aerospace
British Aerospace
in 1977 but closure was announced on 29 July 1986, finally closing on Christmas Day 1989. BAe's successor, BAE Systems, still retain a logistics centre at Brooklands
Brooklands
today. In November 2009 Brooklands
Brooklands
was featured in an episode of James May's Toy Stories.[19][better source needed] In the episode, May undertook the task of recreating the original track using Scalextric. The show featured May's attempt to lay the plastic track through and around the variety of obstacles that have replaced the original track, including a pond, a four lane road, several houses, fences and Sony and Procter & Gamble corporate campuses. Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum[edit] In 1987, Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
Trust was formed with Sir Peter G Masefield as Chairman, and began to record, research, preserving and interpret all aspects the site's heritage. The Museum project began after a highly successful temporary exhibition about Brooklands
Brooklands
was staged in 1977 by Elmbridge
Elmbridge
Museum in Weybridge
Weybridge
and, with support from British Aerospace, Elmbridge
Elmbridge
Borough Council, Gallaher Ltd and many dedicated individuals, this led to the selection of a 30-acre heritage site in the northeast corner of Brooklands, by the old Paddock and Finishing Straight. As well as organising numerous aviation, motoring and other events since the mid-1980s, the Museum also staged regular fly-ins for visiting light aircraft from 1991 to 2003 using the northern half of the original tarmac runway and staffed these events with an all-volunteer team. Brooklands
Brooklands
made a notable TV appearance when it featured in the 1990 'The Disappearance of Mr. Davenheim' episode of Agatha Christie's Poirot, when Hercule Poirot
Hercule Poirot
investigates a crime committed involving a racing driver. The banking of Brooklands
Brooklands
was also used as a 'road location' in an episode of The Bill
The Bill
where the CID foiled an armed robbery and resulted in a 'shoot out'. On November 1, 2015, Brooklands was featured in an episode of the British series Downton Abbey, although the scenes were actually filmed at the Goodwood Circuit. American car enthusiast Barry Meguiar (President and CEO of Meguiar's) has featured the Brooklands
Brooklands
on his Speed Channel
Speed Channel
show Car Crazy.

Mercedes-Benz World
Mercedes-Benz World
at Brooklands.

In early 2004 the central area of Brooklands
Brooklands
including the hard runway and parts of the remaining circuit were sold to DaimlerChrysler
DaimlerChrysler
UK Retail and Mercedes-Benz World
Mercedes-Benz World
opened to the public on 29 October 2006. This development incorporates a vehicle test tracks (including part of the original Campbell Circuit) and an off-road circuit. Also included is a conference centre and extensive Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
showrooms. Following significant earlier work by The Brooklands
Brooklands
Society (not part of Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum), certain buildings (including the 1907 BARC Clubhouse, the 1911 Flight Ticket Office and the 1932 Brooklands
Brooklands
Aero Clubhouse), structures and remaining sections of the Track first became the subject of preservation orders from 1975 and this legal protection was reviewed by English Heritage
English Heritage
and increased by the DCMS in 2002). A draft Brooklands
Brooklands
Conservation Plan was instigated by English Heritage
English Heritage
and prepared in 2003 for DaimlerChrysler
DaimlerChrysler
by DCUK consultants Terence O'Rourke. A Brooklands
Brooklands
Heritage Partnership (BHP) was formed in 2010 as an informal partnership of Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum, Elmbridge
Elmbridge
Borough Council, English Heritage
English Heritage
and Surrey
Surrey
County Council, to address increasing conservation issues and concerns. In April 2013, a £32,540 grant was secured from English Heritage
English Heritage
(now Historic England) to enable the BHP to appoint professional consultants to research and compile a comprehensive reference document on all aspects of Brooklands’ heritage. A draft version of this new document was available for public consultation via Elmbridge
Elmbridge
Borough Council and Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
from July-August 2017. On 25 September 2013, the last flying VC10 - an RAF K.3 tanker, serial number ZA147 (originally built as a Super VC-10 airliner) - made its final flight from RAF Brize Norton to Bruntingthorpe Airfield, this being the end of the type's remarkable 51-year career. Although this aeroplane is due to be scrapped, on the previous day its sister, ZA150, was acquired by Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
for preservation at nearby Dunsfold Aerodrome
Aerodrome
and was delivered there by an RAF 101 Squadron crew. This was the last VC-10 built - first flown from Brooklands
Brooklands
on 16 February 1970, originally delivered to East African Airways - and also one of the very last complete aircraft manufactured at Brooklands - the last complete aircraft to be built there, BAC 1-11
BAC 1-11
D-ANNO, first flew on 19 December 1970. The retirement of these two VC10s also ended a 100-year period of Brooklands-built aeroplanes operated by the British armed forces. Brooklands
Brooklands
centenary[edit] Brooklands
Brooklands
motor course celebrated its centenary on 16/17 June 2007. Throughout 2007, various special events were organised by Brooklands Museum in order to celebrate its 100th birthday. Events included use of the Byfleet Banking for the first time in nearly 70 years, a Formula One car demonstration by McLaren-Mercedes, driven by Gary Paffett in conjunction with Mercedes-Benz World
Mercedes-Benz World
and a 24-hour slot car race to commemorate S.F. Edge's achievement of driving for 24 hours averaging over 60 mph (100 km/h).[20] Brooklands
Brooklands
today[edit]

Part of The Members' Banking, 2007.

Modern companies based at Brooklands
Brooklands
today include Argos, BAE Systems, Currys-PC World, Japan Tobacco, Marks & Spencer, Mercedes-Benz World, Mothercare, Nomalites, OneSubsea, Procter & Gamble, Sony, The Storage Pod, John Lewis and LG Electronics UK Ltd. Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
houses many historic aircraft including the Vickers Wellington bomber recovered from Loch Ness in 1985, a British Airways Concorde, G-BBDG
G-BBDG
(c/n 202), the UK's first production Concorde, and now also owns the 40% scale Concorde
Concorde
model "G-CONC" displayed for many years as a gate guardian at Heathrow Airport, until movement in 2007. After restoration and repainting, the model was relocated for similar duty at Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum's public entrance off Brooklands
Brooklands
Drive on 29 September 2012. There are also many other civil and military aircraft on display including a Vickers
Vickers
Vanguard, Viscount 800 and Standard VC-10. The majority of these exhibits were built at Brooklands
Brooklands
or have close associations with the site. The VC-10 was built and first flown at Brooklands
Brooklands
in 1964 and after airline service with British United as G-ASIX and later British Caledonian Airways, in 1974 it became the official VIP transport for the Sultan of Oman
Sultan of Oman
until retired and flown back to Brooklands
Brooklands
on 6 July 1987 and donated to Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
by the Sultan of Oman's Royal Flight. Although the Circuit is no longer driveable, it can still be simulated in the 1999 released Spirit of Speed 1937
Spirit of Speed 1937
game for the PC and Sega Dreamcast, in which it was re-created in detail. Several other video games also feature Brooklands
Brooklands
and Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum's Formula 1 simulator also features a detailed computer simulation of the pre-war race track. In 2009, BBC
BBC
Top Gear presenter James May
James May
announced plans to recreate the full length Brooklands
Brooklands
using Scalextric
Scalextric
track and cars.[21] This was undertaken with a team of 350 volunteers building the track from an uncounted number of pieces of Scalextric
Scalextric
track, navigating ponds and roads, closely following the route of the old Brooklands
Brooklands
track. This event broke the Guinness World Record for the longest ever Scalextric
Scalextric
track in the world, intended to measure the original 2.75 miles (4.43 km) of the original Brooklands
Brooklands
circuit but in reality recording 2.95 miles (4.75 km) in length (due to the need to navigate modern features that block the original course). The episode was shown on BBC2 on 17 November 2009 as part of James May's Toy Stories. BBC
BBC
TV's Antiques Roadshow
Antiques Roadshow
was filmed at Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
in July 2009 and subsequently produced as two programmes for its next series and first broadcast on 10 and 17 January 2010. Apart from Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum's displays and exhibits, today there are a number of memorials to Brooklands. The first of these is the ' Brooklands
Brooklands
Memorial' built by Vickers-Armstrongs
Vickers-Armstrongs
to mark the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Motor Course and was unveiled by Lord Brabazon of Tara in July 1957. This impressive concrete faced monument featured a fine bronze letters, plaque and related inscription summarising the site's history from 1907–57 and was originally located at the North end of the aerodrome, was designated as a Scheduled Monument in 2002 then relocated and restored in a new position just east of the River Wey on the museum site to make way for the new Mercedes-Benz World
Mercedes-Benz World
complex, which opened in 2006. The original bronze fittings were stolen in the 1970s but the plaque was later found and is now displayed in the main entrance foyer of the former BARC Clubhouse. A memorial dedicated to Brooklands
Brooklands
aircraft design and manufacturing heritage was specially designed and manufactured by British Aerospace in the late 1980s to mark the closing of its last factory there. This takes the form of a large engraved acrylic panel displayed at the southern end of the old runway close to the entrance to the Community Park and a children's nursery. Forgotten and overgrown until quite recently, this has now been rediscovered and is still in good condition. Another initiative was taken in the early 1990s by the developers Trafalgar Brookmount Ltd who commissioned an artist to design and produce two large brown terracotta 'gate statements'; these are located at the east end of Wellington Way and the south end of Sopwith Drive and feature representative images of Brooklands' pre-1940 history namely the Napier-Railton, Vickers
Vickers
Vimy and the two former Clubhouses. In 1993, HRH Prince Michael of Kent officially opened a new Garden of Memories at Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
which features a growing number of commemorative plaques in memory of many people who have been associated with Brooklands
Brooklands
for more than 100 years. In February 2015, it was announced that Brooklands
Brooklands
would receive a multimillion-pound facelift.[22] The £4.68 million Heritage Lottery Fund grant is funding a £7 million Brooklands
Brooklands
Aircraft Factory and Race Track Revival Project. This will result in the relocation and restoration of the Grade II Listed 1940 Bellman Hangar complete with a comprehensive new "Aircraft Factory" exhibition inside,[23] as well as construction of a two-storey Flight Shed housing archives and a workshop on the ground floor with another aircraft exhibition hall above. Restoration of the adjacent Finishing Straight is also part of the scheme and includes reinstating the 'lost' section beneath the existing hangar floor. People associated with Brooklands[edit]

D. G. 'Dizzy' Addicott (test pilot and racing driver) J. G. Ballard
J. G. Ballard
(author) Woolf Barnato
Woolf Barnato
(racing driver) Diana Barnato Walker
Diana Barnato Walker
(pilot) R. Harold Barnwell (flying instructor and test pilot) Mike L. Beach (vintage aeroplane & glider builder & restorer) Francis Beart (racing motorcyclist) Tim Birkin
Tim Birkin
(racing driver) Bill Boddy (motoring journalist) Norman Boorer (aircraft engineer) Prince Serge de Bolotoff (aircraft designer) G. R. 'Jock' Bryce (test pilot) Sir Redvers Buller, on the first committee[24] P. W. S. 'George' Bulman (test pilot) Sydney Camm
Sydney Camm
(aircraft designer) Sir Malcolm Campbell
Malcolm Campbell
(racing driver) Jean Chassagne John Cobb John Cochrane Samuel Franklin Cody
Samuel Franklin Cody
(pioneer aviator) Sir Billy Cotton (big band leader, entertainer, racing driver and pilot) Duncan Davis (pilot and flying instructor) Bert Denley (racing motorcyclist) Freddie Dixon (racing driver) Kaye Don
Kaye Don
(racing driver) Sir George R. F. Edwards (key figure in Vickers
Vickers
and later BAC) Eric Gordon England
Eric Gordon England
(pioneer aviator, aircraft designer/engineer and racing driver) Ernest Eldridge
Ernest Eldridge
(racing driver) George Eyston
George Eyston
(racing driver) Dudley Froy (racing driver and pilot) Claude Grahame-White
Claude Grahame-White
(pioneer aviator) The Duke of Westminster, on the first committee[24] Frank Halford (engineer) E. R. Hall Gustav Hamel
Gustav Hamel
(pioneer aviator) R. C. Handasyde (test pilot) Harry Hawker
Harry Hawker
(pioneer aviator, aircraft designer/engineer and test pilot) Hilda Hewlett
Hilda Hewlett
(pioneer aviator, flying instructor and industrialst) Bernard Laurence Hieatt
Bernard Laurence Hieatt
(racing motorcyclist) Johnny Hindmarsh (test pilot and racing driver) Percy E. Lambert
Percy E. Lambert
(racing driver) Hugh F. Locke King Archie Low (flying instructor, test pilot and aircraft designer) George Lowdell (flying instructor and test pilot) Lord Lonsdale Sir Peter G. Masefield (journalist, pilot, airline executive and industrialist) Lord Montagu Kishichiro Okura Ron R. Paine (aircraft engineer, pilot and airline executive) J. G. Parry-Thomas
J. G. Parry-Thomas
(engineer and racing driver) Louis Paulhan
Louis Paulhan
(pioneer aviator) Adolphe Pegoud
Adolphe Pegoud
(pioneer aviator) Kay Petre (racing driver) Rex Pierson
Rex Pierson
(aircraft designer and engineer) Howard Pixton (test pilot) John Cyril Porte
John Cyril Porte
(pioneer aviator) James Radley
James Radley
(pioneer aviator and racing driver) Henry Segrave (racing driver) Beatrice Shilling (engineer and motorcyclist) Fred Sigrist
Fred Sigrist
(test pilot) Thomas Sopwith
Thomas Sopwith
(pioneer aviator, aircraft designer and industrialist) George E. Stanley Joseph 'Mutt' Summers (test pilot) Prince Francis of Teck, on the first committee[24] Brian Trubshaw
Brian Trubshaw
(test pilot) Bert le Vack (racing motorcyclist) Alliott Verdon-Roe
Alliott Verdon-Roe
(pioneer aviator, aircraft designer and industrialist) Sir Barnes Wallis
Barnes Wallis
(engineer) Jack Warner (actor, entertainer & racing driver) Ann Welch (née Douglas) (pilot) Count Louis Zborowski
Louis Zborowski
(racing driver)

Gallery[edit]

Brooklands Museum
Brooklands Museum
exhibits

Vickers
Vickers
Vanguard - G-APEP

Vickers
Vickers
Viscount 800 - G-APIM

BAC/Aérospatiale Concorde
Concorde
G-BBDG

Vickers
Vickers
Wellington IA - N2980

Engine of a Morgan three-wheeler

The Napier Railton

1929 Bentley 4½ Litre
Bentley 4½ Litre
with a Vanden Plas body. It was originally supplied with racing Le Mans bodywork and competed in the first Double 12 event driven by its owner, H. N. Holder, alongside Henry Birkin: perhaps the best-known British driver of the 1920s and early '30s.

Record-breaking bicycle

A Napier Lion

Footnotes[edit]

^ Several venues hosted auto races prior to the opening of Brooklands, but all were originally built for purposes other than motorsport. The Milwaukee Mile
Milwaukee Mile
(1903), Fairgrounds Speedway
Fairgrounds Speedway
in Nashville (1904), and Aspendale Racecourse near Melbourne
Melbourne
(1906) were all originally built as horse racing tracks. Prior to the opening of Brooklands, Crystal Palace, London built a cycle track which was also used for motorcycle racing.

References[edit]

^ " Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum".  ^ "How Brooklands
Brooklands
started". Autocar. Vol. 127 no. 3731. 17 August 1967. p. 43.  ^ A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of the Borough of Elmbridge, Molesey
Molesey
History. ^ The Brooklands
Brooklands
Motor Track. The Times (London, England):Issue 38362, Tuesday, 18 June 1907, p. 4; ^ Automobilism. The Times (London, England): Issue 38379, Monday, 8 July 1907; p 6; ^ Fisher, Jerry M. (Oct 2014). The Pacesetter: The Complete Story. FriesenPress. ISBN 9781460245378.  ^ page 15 Sam S Collins, Autodrome: The Lost Race Circuits of Europe , Veloce, 2005 ^ "The Brooklands
Brooklands
Society, Brooklands
Brooklands
Race Track, Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum, Weybridge, Surrey, England KT13 0QN 01252 408877". Brooklands.org.uk. 27 June 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2012.  ^ Record Motor Drive At Brooklands. The Times (London, England): Issue 38373 Monday, 1 July 1907; p. 6 ^ "1907 Brooklands
Brooklands
24 Hour Motor Event". Gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2012.  ^ "Motoring History 1907-1914". Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum. Retrieved 29 December 2012.  ^ "Brooklands". Gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2012.  ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Violette Cordery ^ "Record Breaking at Brooklands
Brooklands
1920-1939". Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum. Retrieved 18 August 2010.  ^ Ask A Policeman ^ Flying at BrooklandsFlight 6 November 1090, pp.705-6 ^ "History". Brooklands
Brooklands
Flying Club. Retrieved 22 November 2010.  ^ "aft cockpit cruisers". Horning. Retrieved 22 November 2010.  ^ James May's Toy Stories#Episode list ^ " Brooklands
Brooklands
Centenary". Brooklands100.org. Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010.  ^ "May to attempt Scalextric
Scalextric
record". BBC. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2010.  ^ "Facelift for Brooklands, birthplace of UK motor racing". BBC. 17 February 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015.  ^ http://www.brooklandsmuseum.com/index.php?/news/story/brooklands-museum-secures-hlf-investment ^ a b c Brooklands
Brooklands
Motor Racing Circuit, Weybridge, Surrey (1907–1939), Unique Cars & Parts USA. Retrieved 20 January 2012.

Further reading[edit]

Beauchamp, R.H. (1984). 25 Years at Brooklands
Brooklands
Track. London: Regency Press. ISBN 0-7212-0619-0. 

Gardner, Charles (1956) 'Fifty Years of Brooklands' (William Heinemann Ltd) McSwein, D R (1993) ' Brooklands
Brooklands
Aircraft' (unpublished paper - copy held in Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum's library) Venables, David (2007) ' Brooklands
Brooklands
- The Official Centenary History' (Haynes Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84425-329-6)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brooklands.

Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum Brooklands
Brooklands
Trust Members The Brooklands
Brooklands
Society Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
World The Heights, Brooklands Brooklands: The crucible of auto racing - Speedhunters article 7/27/1907;The Opening Races And Speed Trials on the New Cement Track of the Brooklands
Brooklands
Racing Club At Weybridge, England Historic Purpose Built Grand Prix Circuits on Google Maps Brooklands
Brooklands
Circuit in Openstreetmap An aerial view of the surviving parts of the Brooklands
Brooklands
Race Track 2017 Surrey
Surrey
County Council. "Brooklands". Exploring Surrey's Past. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 

Coordinates: 51°20′56″N 0°28′21″W / 51.34889°N 0.47250°W / 51.34889; -0.47250

v t e

British motor racing circuits

Current

Aintree Anglesey Brands Hatch Cadwell Park Castle Combe Croft Darley Moor Donington Park Goodwood Knockhill Llandow Lydden Mallory Park Oliver's Mount Oulton Park Pembrey Rockingham Silverstone Snetterton Thruxton

Former

Battersea Park Birmingham Blandford Boreham Brooklands Brough Catterick Charterhall Crystal Palace Davidstow Debden Elvington Epynt Fersfield Full Sutton Gamston Gransden Lodge Ibsley Ingliston Linton-on-Ouse Longridge Lulsgate Ouston Rufforth Thornaby Whitchurch

Proposed

Circuit of Wales Lake Torrent

v t e

Borough of Elmbridge

Towns, villages and neighbourhoods

Cobham

Cobham Downside Stoke d'Abernon

Esher

Claygate Esher Hinchley Wood West End

Surbiton

Long Ditton

Thames Ditton

Thames Ditton Weston Green

Molesey

Molesey
Molesey
(in traditional parish, East Molesey
Molesey
and West Molesey)

Leatherhead

Oxshott

Walton on Thames

Ashley Park Burwood Park Hersham Walton-on-Thames

Weybridge

Oatlands St. George's Hill Weybridge

Notable parks

Esher
Esher
Commons Giggs Hill Green Hurst Park Oxshott
Oxshott
Heath and Woods Painshill Weybridge
Weybridge
Heath

Grade I Listed churches

St. George's Church, Esher Church of St. Nicholas, Thames Ditton

Education

ACS International Schools Brooklands
Brooklands
College Danes Hill School Esher
Esher
Church of England High School Esher
Esher
College Feltonfleet School Heathside School Hinchley Wood
Hinchley Wood
School Milbourne Lodge School Notre Dame School Reed's School Three Rivers Academy St George's College (part)

Transport

Railway stations

Claygate Cobham & Stoke d'Abernon Esher Hampton Court Hersham Hinchley Wood Oxshott Thames Ditton Walton-on-Thames Weybridge

Roads

M25 A3 A244 A307 A3050

Notable other

Thames Path London Outer Orbital Path

Buildings and structures

Bessborough Reservoir Brooklands Brooklands
Brooklands
Museum Claremont Estate Cobham Park Cobham Training Centre Esher
Esher
Place Hurst Park Racecourse Knight Reservoir Island Barn Reservoir London Bus Museum Molesey
Molesey
Lock Molesey
Molesey
Reservoirs Queen Elizabeth II Reservoir Sandown Park Racecourse Sunbury Lock Wayneflete Tower Wey Navigation

Sport

Dittons Skiff and Punting Club East Molesey
Molesey
Cricket Club Esher
Esher
RFC Metropolitan Police F.C. Molesey
Molesey
Boat Club Molesey
Molesey
F.C. Surbiton Hockey Club Thames Ditton
Thames Ditton
Lawn Tennis Club Thames Valley Skiff Club Walton Casuals F.C. Walton & Hersham
Hersham
F.C. Walton Rowing Club Weybridge
Weybridge
Rowing Club

Places listed are articles notable as settlements, arranged by post town The M25 motorway
M25 motorway
follows approximately a boundary and is included for its re

.