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The Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C.[1] It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.[2][3] Its stated mission is to "provide innovative and practical recommendations that advance three broad goals: strengthen American democracy; foster the economic and social welfare, security and opportunity of all Americans; and secure a more open, safe, prosperous, and cooperative international system."[1] Brookings has five research programs at its Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
campus (Economic Studies,[4] Foreign Policy,[5] Governance Studies,[6] Global Economy and Development,[7] and Metropolitan Policy[8]) and three international centers based in Doha, Qatar
Qatar
(Brookings Doha
Doha
Center);[9] Beijing, China
China
(Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy);[10] and New Delhi, India
India
(Brookings India).[11] The University of Pennsylvania's Global Go To Think Tank Index Report has named Brookings "Think Tank of the Year" and "Top Think Tank in the World" every year since 2008.[12] The Economist
The Economist
describes Brookings as "perhaps America’s most prestigious think-tank."[13] Notable Brookings scholars include former Federal Reserve chairs Janet Yellen[14] and Ben Bernanke;[15] former Fed vice chairs Donald Kohn,[16] Alice Rivlin,[17] and Alan Blinder;[18] former chairmen of the president's Council of Economic Advisers
Council of Economic Advisers
(CEA) Jason Furman[19] and Martin Neil Baily;[20] former CEA members Sandra Black,[21] Jay Shambaugh,[22] and James H. Stock;[23] dean of the University of Michigan's Ford School of Public Policy Susan M. Collins;[24] former director of the Congressional Budget Office
Congressional Budget Office
Douglas Elmendorf;[25] former assistant secretary of state Martin S. Indyk;[26] former U.S. secretary of education Arne Duncan;[27] former Federal Communications Commission chairman Tom Wheeler;[28] Washington Post columnist E. J. Dionne;[29] and Wall Street Journal columnist William Galston.[30] An academic analysis of Congressional records from 1993 to 2002 found that Brookings was referenced by conservative politicians almost as frequently as liberal politicians, earning a score of 53 on a 1–100 scale with 100 representing the most liberal score.[31] The same study found Brookings to be the most frequently cited think tank by the U.S. media and politicians.[31]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1916–79 1.2 1980–2017

2 Publications 3 Policy influence 4 Nonpolitical stance 5 Research programs

5.1 Saban Center for Middle East Policy 5.2 Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy 5.3 Brookings Doha
Doha
Center 5.4 21st Century Defense Initiative 5.5 Brookings Executive Education

6 Centers 7 Funders

7.1 Funding details 7.2 Funding controversies

8 Buildings 9 See also 10 References 11 Additional bibliography 12 External links

History[edit] 1916–79[edit]

Founder Robert S. Brookings (1850–1932)

Brookings was founded in 1916 as the Institute for Government Research (IGR), with the mission of becoming "the first private organization devoted to analyzing public policy issues at the national level."[32] The Institution's founder, philanthropist Robert S. Brookings (1850–1932), originally financed the formation of three organizations: the Institute for Government Research, the Institute of Economics, and the Robert Brookings Graduate School affiliated with Washington University in St. Louis. The three were merged into the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
on December 8, 1927.[3][33] During the Great Depression
Great Depression
economists at Brookings embarked on a large scale study commissioned by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
to understand the underlying causes of the depression. Brookings's first president Harold Moulton and other Brookings scholars later led an effort to oppose President Roosevelt's National Recovery Administration because they thought the NRA was impeding economic recovery.[34] With the entry into World War II in 1941, Brookings researchers turned their attention to aiding the administration with a series of studies on mobilization. In 1948, Brookings was asked to submit a plan for the administration of the European Recovery Program. The resulting organization scheme assured that the Marshall Plan
Marshall Plan
was run carefully and on a businesslike basis.[35] In 1952, Robert Calkins succeeded Moulton as president of the Brookings Institution. He secured grants from the Rockefeller Foundation and the Ford Foundation
Ford Foundation
that put the Institution on a strong financial basis. He reorganized the Institution around the Economic Studies, Government Studies, and Foreign Policy Programs. In 1957, the Institution moved from Jackson Avenue to a new research center near Dupont Circle
Dupont Circle
in Washington, D.C.[36] Kermit Gordon
Kermit Gordon
assumed the presidency of Brookings in 1967. He began a series of studies of program choices for the federal budget in 1969 entitled "Setting National Priorities." He also expanded the Foreign Policy Studies Program to include research in national security and defense. After the election of Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
to the presidency in 1968, the relationship between the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
and the White House deteriorated; at one point Nixon's aide Charles Colson
Charles Colson
proposed a firebombing of the Institution.[[37]] Yet throughout the 1970s, Brookings was offered more federal research contracts than it could handle.[38] 1980–2017[edit]

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Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev
at Brookings on 14 April 2010 while on a visit to the United States for the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit.

José María Figueres, former President of Costa Rica, speaking at Brookings Institution

By the 1980s, the Institution faced an increasingly competitive and ideologically charged intellectual environment.[39] The need to reduce the federal budget deficit became a major research theme as well as investigating problems with national security and government inefficiency. Bruce MacLaury,[40] fourth president of Brookings, also established the Center for Public Policy Education to develop workshop conferences and public forums to broaden the audience for research programs.[41] In 1995, Michael Armacost became the fifth president of the Brookings Institution and led an effort to refocus the Institution's mission heading into the 21st century. Under Armacost's direction, Brookings created several interdisciplinary research centers, such as the Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, now the Metropolitan Policy Program, led by Bruce J. Katz),[42] which brought attention to the strengths of cities and metropolitan areas, and the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, which brings together specialists from different Asian countries to examine regional problems.[citation needed] Strobe Talbott
Strobe Talbott
became president of Brookings in 2002. Shortly thereafter, Brookings launched the Saban Center for Middle East Policy and the John L. Thornton China
China
Center. In October 2006, Brookings announced the establishment of the Brookings-Tsinghua Center in Beijing. In July 2007, the Institution announced the creation of the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform to be directed by senior fellow Mark McClellan, and then in October 2007, the creation of the Brookings Doha
Doha
Center directed by fellow Hady Amr in Qatar.[citation needed] During this period the funding of Brookings by foreign governments and corporations came under public scrutiny (see Funding controversies below). In 2011, Brookings President Strobe Talbot inaugurated the Brookings India
India
Office.[43][44] In October 2017, former general John R. Allen
John R. Allen
became the seventh president of Brookings.[45] Publications[edit] Brookings as an institution produces an Annual Report.[46] The Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
Press publishes books and journals from the institution's own research as well as authors outside the organization.[47] The books and journals they publish include Brookings Papers on Economic Activity,[48] Brookings Review (1982–2003, ISSN 0745-1253),[49][50] America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, Globalphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trade, India: Emerging Power, Through Their Eyes, Taking the High Road, Masses in Flight, US Public Policy Regarding Sovereign Wealth Fund Investment in the United States[51] and Stalemate to name a few. In addition, books, papers, articles, reports, policy briefs and opinion pieces are produced by Brookings research programs, centers, projects and, for the most part, by experts.[52][53] Policy influence[edit] Brookings traces its history back to 1916 and has contributed to the creation of the United Nations, the Marshall Plan, and the Congressional Budget Office, as well as to the development of influential policies for deregulation, broad-based tax reform, welfare reform, and foreign aid.[54] The annual think tank index published by Foreign Policy ranks it the number one think tank in the U.S.[55] and the Global Go To Think Tank Index believes it is the number one such tank in the world.[56] Moreover, in spite of an overall decline in the number of times information or opinions developed by think tanks are referred to by the U.S. media, of the 200 most prominent think tanks in the U.S., the Brookings Institution's research remains the most frequently cited.[57][58] In a 1997 survey of congressional staff and journalists, Brookings ranked as the first-most influential and first in credibility among 27 think tanks considered.[59] Yet “Brookings and its researchers are not so concerned, in their work, in affecting the ideological direction of the nation” and rather tend “to be staffed by researchers with strong academic credentials.”[59] Along with the Council on Foreign Relations
Council on Foreign Relations
and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Brookings is generally considered one of the most influential policy institutes in the U.S.[60] Nonpolitical stance[edit] As a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, Brookings describes itself as independent and non-partisan. A 2005 academic study by UCLA concluded it was "centrist" because it was referenced as an authority almost equally by both conservative and liberal politicians in congressional records from 1993 to 2002.[31] The New York Times
The New York Times
has referred to the organization as liberal, liberal-centrist, centrist, and conservative.[61][62][63][64][65][66] The Washington Post
The Washington Post
has described Brookings as centrist and liberal.[67][68][69][70] The Los Angeles Times has described Brookings as liberal-leaning and centrist before opining that it did not believe such labels mattered.[71][72][73][74] In 1977, Time magazine described it as the "nation's pre-eminent liberal think tank."[75] Newsweek
Newsweek
has described Brookings as centrist[76] while Politico has used the term "center-left."[77] The media watchdog group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
has described Brookings as "centrist,"[57][78] "conservative,"[79] and "center-right."[80] Journalists at The Atlantic
The Atlantic
and Salon have argued that Brookings foreign policy scholars were overly supportive of Bush administration policies abroad.[81][82] Blogger Matthew Yglesias
Matthew Yglesias
has stated that Brookings's Michael E. O'Hanlon
Michael E. O'Hanlon
frequently agrees with scholars from conservative organizations such as the American Enterprise Institute, The Weekly Standard, and the Project for the New American Century.[81] Similarly, Brookings fellow and research director Benjamin Wittes
Benjamin Wittes
is a member of the conservative Hoover Institution's Task Force on National Security and Law.[83] Brookings scholars have served in Republican and Democratic administrations, including Mark McClellan,[84] Ron Haskins[85] and Martin Indyk.[86][87] The Brookings Board of Trustees is composed of 53 Trustees and more than three dozen Honorary Trustees, including Kenneth Duberstein, a former chief of staff to Ronald Reagan. Aside from political figures, the board of trustees includes leaders in business and industry, including Philip H. Knight, Chairman of Nike, Inc.[88] Research programs[edit]

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Saban Center for Middle East Policy[edit] In 2002, the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
established the Saban Center for Middle East Policy "to promote a better understanding of the policy choices facing American decision makers in the Middle East."[89] The Center is directed by Tamara Cofman Wittes.[90] Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy[edit] In 2006, the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
established the Brookings-Tsinghua Center (BTC) for Public Policy as a partnership between the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and Tsinghua University's School of Public Policy and Management in Beijing, China. The Center seeks to produce high quality and high impact policy research in areas of fundamental importance for China's development and for U.S.-China relations.[91] The BTC is directed by Qi Ye.[92] Brookings Doha
Doha
Center[edit] Based in Qatar, the Brookings Doha
Doha
Center undertakes independent, policy-oriented research on socioeconomic and geopolitical issues facing Muslim-majority states and communities, including relations with the United States.[93] The center was formally inaugurated by H. E. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabr Al-Thani, Prime Minister and minister of foreign affairs of Qatar, on February 17, 2008. Salman Shaikh is the Center's Director.[94] In pursuing its mission, the Brookings Doha
Doha
Center undertakes research and programming that engages key elements of business, government, civil society, the media, and academia on key public policy issues in the following three core areas:[95]

Democratization, political reform and public policy Emerging powers in the Middle East Conflict and peace processes in the region

There are complaints that the funding received by the Brookings Institution from Qatari sources has affected its neutrality. In fact the New York Times has reported that (It) is a major recipient of overseas funds, producing policy papers, hosting forums and organizing private briefings for senior United States government officials that typically align with the foreign governments’ agendas.[96] 21st Century Defense Initiative[edit]

Adm. Michael Mullen
Michael Mullen
speaks at the Brookings Institution

The 21st Century Defense Initiative (21CDI) is aimed at producing research, analysis, and outreach that address three core issues: the future of war, the future of U.S. defense needs and priorities, and the future of the U.S. defense system.[97] The Initiative draws on the knowledge from regional centers, including the Center on the United States and Europe, the Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, the Thornton China
China
Center, and the Saban Center for Middle East Policy, allowing the integration of regional knowledge.[98] P. W. Singer, author of Wired for War, serves as Director of the 21st Century Defense Initiative, and Michael O'Hanlon serves as Director of Research.[98] Senior Fellow Stephen P. Cohen
Stephen P. Cohen
and Vanda Felbab-Brown[99] are also affiliated with 21CDI.[100] Brookings Executive Education[edit] Under Brookings President Bruce MacLaury's leadership in the 1980s, the Center for Public Policy Education (CPPE) was formed to develop workshop conferences and public forums to broaden the audience for research programs. In 2005, the Center was renamed the Brookings Center for Executive Education (BCEE), which was shortened to Brookings Executive Education (BEE) with the launch of a partnership with the Olin Business School
Olin Business School
at Washington University in St. Louis.[101] Centers[edit]

Brown Center on Education Policy Centennial Scholar Initiative Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence Center for East Asia Policy Studies Center for Effective Public Management Center for Health Policy Center for Middle East Policy Center for Technology Innovation Center for Universal Education Center on Children and Families Center on Social Dynamics and Policy Center on the United States and Europe John L. Thornton China
China
Center The Hutchins Center on Fiscal and Monetary Policy Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center

Funders[edit] As of 2016 the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
had assets of $473.8 million.[102] Its largest contributors include the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Hutchins Family Foundation, JPMorgan Chase, the LEGO Foundation, David Rubenstein, State of Qatar, and John L. Thornton. In 2014, it received $250,000 from the United States Central Command of the United States Department of Defense.[103] Funding details[edit]

Funding details as of 2016:[102]

Revenue
Revenue
and support as of 2016: $108,497,000   Investment return designated for operations (14.0%)   Grants, contracts, and contributions (82.0%)   Brookings Press (1.7%)   Facility and other revenue (2.3%)

Expenses
Expenses
as of 2016: $100,710,000   Economic Studies (15.6%)   Foreign Policy (17.6%)   Global Economy and Development (12.0%)   Governance Studies (7.0%)   Metropolitan Policy Program (10.0%)   Institutional Initiatives (8.2%)   Brookings Press (2.4%)   Communications (2.6%)   Management and general (21.3%)   Fundraising (3.4%)

Funding controversies[edit] An investigation by The New York Times, reported on September 6, 2014, found the Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
to be among more than a dozen Washington research groups to have received tens of millions of dollars from foreign governments in recent years, while producing policy papers, hosting forums, and organizing private briefings with U.S. officials to encourage support for policies aligned with those foreign governments' agenda.[104] The New York Times
The New York Times
published documents showing that Brookings Institution accepted grants from Norway with specific policy requests and helped the country gain access to U.S. government officials, as well as other "deliverables".[105][106] In June 2014, Norway agreed to make an additional $4 million donation to Brookings.[104] Several legal specialists, who examined the documents between the Norway government and Brookings at The Times' request, told the paper that the language of the transactions "appeared to necessitate Brookings filing as a foreign agent" under the Foreign Agent Registration Act.[106] The Qatari government was named by The New York Times
The New York Times
as "the single biggest foreign donor to Brookings", having reportedly made a $14.8 million, four-year contribution in 2013. A former visiting fellow at a Brookings affiliate in Qatar
Qatar
reportedly said that "he had been told during his job interview that he could not take positions critical of the Qatar
Qatar
government in papers".[104] Brookings officials denied any connection between the views of their funders and their scholars' work, citing reports that questioned the Qatari government's education reform efforts and criticized its support of militants in Syria. However, Brookings officials reportedly acknowledged that they meet with Qatari government officials regularly to discuss the center's activities and budget, and that the former prime minister of Qatar currently serves on the center's advisory board.[104] Buildings[edit] The main building of the Institution was erected in 1959 on 1775 Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Avenue. In 2009, Brookings acquired a building across the street, a former mansion built by the Ingalls family in 1922 on a design by Jules Henri de Sibour. This extension now houses the office of the President of the Brookings Institution.[citation needed] See also[edit]

United States portal

List of Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
scholars Rockefeller family Tax Policy Center

References[edit]

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(FAIR). Archived from the original on January 22, 2012.  ^ Glaberson, William (November 16, 2008). "Closing Guantánamo may not be easy". The New York Times.  ^ DeParle, Jason (June 14, 2005). "Next Generation of Conservatives (By the Dormful)]". The New York Times.  ^ Redburn, Tom (September 24, 2000). "ECONOMIC VIEW; Friedman And Keynes, Trading Pedestals". The New York Times.  ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (January 13, 2006). "Marshall A. Robinson, 83, Former Foundation Chief, Dies". The New York Times.  ^ Becker, Elizabeth (September 8, 1999). "Air Force's Newest Jet Fighter Is in Fierce Fight, in Capitol". The New York Times.  ^ "The Way to Save". The New York Times. February 20, 2006.  ^ "Mr. Obama's Jobs Plan". The Washington Post. December 9, 2009.  ^ Montgomery, Lori (June 21, 2007). "Stumping for Attention To Deficit Disorder". The Washington Post.  ^ Froomkin, Dan (November 13, 2006). "The Unbelievable Karl Rove". The Washington Post.  ^ Kessler, Glenn (April 15, 2002). "2003 Budget Completes Big Jump in Spending". The Washington Post.  ^ "Left-leaning' or 'Nonpartisan'?". Los Angeles
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(FAIR).  ^ Husseini, Sam (November–December 1998). "Brookings: The Establishment's Think Tank". Extra!. Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR). Retrieved February 11, 2017.  ^ Soley, Lawrence (1991). "Brookings: Stand-In for the Left". Extra!. Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
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(FAIR).  ^ a b Yglesias, Matthew (August 24, 2007). "Very Serious Indeed". The Atlantic.  ^ Greenwald, Glenn (August 12, 2007). "The Truth Behind the Pollack-O'Hanlon Trip to Iraq". Salon.com. Retrieved January 27, 2017.  ^ "Yoonited States of America". NewRepublic.com. Retrieved 2010-04-29.  ^ "Mark B. McClellan". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-27.  ^ "Ron Haskins". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved 2013-08-27.  ^ "Martin S. Indyk". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 2013-08-26. Retrieved 2013-08-27.  ^ "The Brookings Institution
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Center, Brookings Institution ^ Williams, Eric Lipton, Brooke; Confessore, Nicholas (2014-09-06). "Foreign Powers Buy Influence at Think Tanks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-26.  ^ "21st Century Defense Initiative". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved 2010-04-29.  ^ a b "About the 21st Century Defense Initiative at Brookings". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved November 1, 2011.  ^ "Vanda Felbab-Brown". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved 2013-08-27.  ^ "21st Century Defense Initiative: Experts". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved November 1, 2011.  ^ "About Brookings Executive Education". Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved November 1, 2011.  ^ a b "Annual Report 2016" (PDF). Brookings.edu. Brookings Institution. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ Kucinich, Dennis (October 26, 2016). "Why Is the Foreign Policy Establishment Spoiling for More War? Look at Their Donors". The Nation. Retrieved October 27, 2016. The Brookings Institute [sic], in a report to Congress, admitted it received $250,000 from the US Central Command, Centcom, where General Allen shared leadership duties with General David Petraeus. Pentagon money to think tanks that endorse war? This is academic integrity, DC-style.  ^ a b c d Lipton, Eric (September 6, 2014). "Foreign Powers Buy Influence at Think Tanks". The New York Times. Retrieved September 17, 2014.  ^ "Longstanding Partners: Norway and Brookings". The New York Times. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014.  ^ a b "The High North, Climate Change and Norway". The New York Times. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 

Additional bibliography[edit]

Abelson, Donald E. Do Think Tanks Matter?: Assessing the Impact of Public Policy Institutes (2009) Weidenbaum, Murray L. The Competition of Ideas: The World of the Washington Think Tanks (2011)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brookings Institution.

Official website Brookings Institution
Brookings Institution
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Think Tank Rankings "The Brookings Institution: a Think Tank of Good Feelings". Voltaire Network. June 30, 2004.  (Critic of Brookings) Second Statement on Post-War Iraq at NewAmericanCentury.org Greenwald, Glenn (July 30, 2007). "The really smart, serious, credible Iraq experts O'Hanlon and Pollack". Salon.com. Archived from the original on February 20, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 

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American think tanks

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Ward 5

Center of Concern

Ward 6

American Foreign Policy Council Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Center for Public Justice The Heritage Foundation International Intellectual Property Institute Mathematica Policy Research Niskanen Center World Resources Institute

Northwest Washington

Ward 2

American Principles Project American Security Council Foundation Americans for the Arts The Arab Gulf States Institute Atlantic Council Atlas Network The Atlas Society Bipartisan Policy Center Capital Research Center Cato Institute Center for a New American Security Center for Advanced Defense Studies Center for American Progress Center for Economic and Policy Research Center for European Policy Analysis Center for Global Development Center on Global Interests Center for Immigration Studies Center for International Policy Center for Public Integrity Center for the National Interest Center for Security Policy Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget Competitive Enterprise Institute Constitution Project Cordell Hull Institute Corporation for Enterprise Development Economic Policy Institute Eisenhower Institute Employee Benefit Research Institute Employment Policies Institute Endowment for Middle East Truth Eno Center for Transportation Enough Project Foundation for Defense of Democracies Free Africa Foundation Freedom House German Marshall Fund Global Integrity Guttmacher Institute Hispanic American Center for Economic Research Hudson Institute Independent Women's Forum Information Technology and Innovation Foundation Institute for America's Future Institute for Policy Studies Institute for State Effectiveness Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy Inter-American Dialogue International Center for Research on Women International Food Policy Research Institute Jamestown Foundation Jewish Institute for National Security of America Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Migration Policy Institute National Endowment for Democracy New America Foundation Pew Research Center Progressive Policy Institute R Street Institute Resources for the Future Ripon Society Science and Technology Policy Institute The Stimson Center Tax Foundation Third Way Thomas B. Fordham Institute United States Institute of Peace Urban Institute Urban Land Institute U.S. Council on Competitiveness The Washington Institute for Near East Policy Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars World Affairs Councils of America Think Tank Row: American Enterprise Institute Aspen Institute Brookings Institution Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Center for Strategic and International Studies Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Peterson Institute for International Economics University of California, Washington Center

Ward 6

Institute for Science and International Security National Center for Public Policy Research

Southeast Washington

Ward 6

U.S. China
China
Policy Foundation

Southwest Washington

Ward 6

New Democrat Network

American Northeast

Connecticut

General Electric EdgeLab Yankee Institute for Public Policy

Delaware

Caesar Rodney Institute Let Freedom Ring, Inc.

Maine

Maine
Maine
Heritage Policy Center

Maryland

Baltimore

Calvert Institute for Policy Research Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Others

CASCI (College Park) Institute on the Constitution
Institute on the Constitution
(Pasadena) Minaret of Freedom Institute
Minaret of Freedom Institute
(Bethesda)

Massachusetts

Boston

Beacon Hill Institute Boston
Boston
Municipal Research Bureau MassINC New Economy Coalition Pioneer Institute Tellus Institute

Cambridge

Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs Center for International Development Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Mathematica Policy Research National Bureau of Economic Research New England Complex Systems Institute

Others

American Institute for Economic Research (Great Barrington) Global Development and Environment Institute
Global Development and Environment Institute
(Medford) Prison Policy Initiative (Northampton)

New Hampshire

Cornerstone Policy Research Josiah Bartlett Center for Public Policy

New Jersey

Princeton

American Iranian Council Mathematica Policy Research Witherspoon Institute

Trenton

John S. Watson Institute for Public Policy New Jersey
New Jersey
Policy Research Organization

New York

Albany

Empire Center for Public Policy The Hampton Institute Rockefeller Institute of Government

New York City

Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs Center for Family and Human Rights Center for Medicine in the Public Interest Center on International Cooperation The Century Foundation Council on Foreign Relations Demos Drum Major Institute EastWest Institute Gatestone Institute Human Rights Watch Initiative for Policy Dialogue Institute for New Economic Thinking Institute of Modern Russia Intelligent Community Forum Manhattan Institute for Policy Research National Bureau of Economic Research NOVA-MBA Association The Peter G. Peterson Foundation Roosevelt Institute Russell Sage Foundation Social Science Research Council Wall Street Ren World Policy Institute

Others

Center for Development and Strategy
Center for Development and Strategy
(Buffalo) Center for Governmental Research (Rochester) The Hastings Center
The Hastings Center
(Garrison) Levy Economics Institute (Annandale-on-Hudson)

Pennsylvania

Philadelphia

Foreign Policy Research Institute Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics Middle East Forum

Others

Allegheny Institute for Public Policy (Pittsburgh) Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives (Harrisburg) Eisenhower Institute
Eisenhower Institute
(Gettysburg) Strategic Studies Institute
Strategic Studies Institute
(Carlisle)

Rhode Island

Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Center for Freedom and Prosperity Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs

Vermont

Ethan Allen Institute

American Midwest

Illinois

Chicago

Illinois
Illinois
Policy Institute Mathematica Policy Research

Others

The Heartland Institute
The Heartland Institute
(Arlington Heights) Rockford Institute
Rockford Institute
(Rockford)

Indiana

Center for Excellence in Higher Education Indiana
Indiana
Policy Review Foundation

Iowa

Public Interest Institute

Kansas

Kansas
Kansas
Policy Institute

Michigan

Ann Arbor

Center for Automotive Research Mathematica Policy Research

Others

Acton Institute
Acton Institute
(Grand Rapids) Mackinac Center for Public Policy
Mackinac Center for Public Policy
(Midland) Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Society (Jerome) W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research (Kalamazoo)

Minnesota

Center of the American Experiment Citizens League Freedom Foundation of Minnesota

Missouri

Center for Social Development Seven Pillars Institute Show-Me Institute

Nebraska

Platte Institute for Economic Research

Ohio

Columbus

Battelle Memorial Institute Buckeye Institute Policy Matters Ohio

Others

Policy Matters Ohio
Ohio
(Cleveland) Taos Institute (Chagrin Falls)

Wisconsin

Madison

Filene Research Institute MacIver Institute

Milwaukee

Badger Institute Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Institute for Law and Liberty

American South

Alabama

Alabama
Alabama
Policy Institute

Arkansas

Advance Arkansas
Arkansas
Institute Arkansas
Arkansas
Policy Foundation

Florida

Foundation for Excellence in Education Foundation for Government Accountability James Madison Institute

Georgia

Foundation for Economic Education Georgia Public Policy Foundation GTRI Office of Policy Analysis and Research India, China
China
& America Institute

Kentucky

Bluegrass Institute for Public Policy Solutions

Louisiana

Pelican Institute

Mississippi

Mississippi
Mississippi
Center for Public Policy

North Carolina

Civitas Institute John Locke Foundation RTI International

Oklahoma

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Policy Institute

South Carolina

Palmetto Promise Institute

Texas

Austin

Center for Public Policy Priorities Texas
Texas
Public Policy Foundation

Others

Center for U.S.–Mexico Immigration Analysis (Dallas) James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy
James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy
(Houston)

Virginia

Alexandria

Galen Institute International Assessment and Strategy Center

Arlington

American Opportunity Center for Freedom and Prosperity Charles Koch Institute Committee for Economic Development Lexington Institute Mercatus Center Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Project 2049 Institute The Reform Institute State Policy Network

Others

Center for Ethical Solutions (Lovettsville) Miller Center of Public Affairs (Charlottesville) Population Research Institute (Front Royal) Streit Council
Streit Council
(Annandale)

West Virginia

The Arlington Institute

American West

Alaska

Alaska
Alaska
Policy Forum

Arizona

Goldwater Institute

California

Berkeley

Berkeley APEC Study Center Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability

Claremont

Claremont Institute Rose Institute of State and Local Government

Los Angeles

Berggruen Institute Helena Group Reason Foundation

Oakland

Independent Institute Mathematica Policy Research Pacific Institute

San Francisco

Pacific Research Institute Public Policy Institute of California WestEd

Santa Monica

Milken Institute RAND Corporation

Others

Ayn Rand Institute
Ayn Rand Institute
(Irvine) California
California
Policy Center (Tustin) Hoover Institution
Hoover Institution
(Stanford) Keck Institute for Space Studies
Keck Institute for Space Studies
(Pasadena) SRI International
SRI International
(Menlo Park) World Business Academy (Santa Barbara)

Colorado

Independence Institute Rocky Mountain Institute

Hawaii

Grassroot Institute Pacific Forum CSIS

Idaho

Idaho
Idaho
Freedom Foundation

Montana

Property and Environment Research Center

Nevada

Nevada
Nevada
Policy Research Institute

New Mexico

Rio Grande Foundation Santa Fe Institute

Oregon

Cascade Policy Institute Oregon
Oregon
Center for Public Policy

Utah

Libertas Institute Sutherland Institute

Washington

Seattle

Economic Opportunity Institute National Bureau of Asian Research Washington Policy Center

Others

Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise (Bellevue) Earth Economics
Earth Economics
(Tacoma) Freedom Foundation (Olympia)

Wyoming

Wyoming
Wyoming
Liberty Group

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 143076482 LCCN: n81067841 ISNI: 0000 0001 2149 970X GND: 8576-5 SUDOC: 059058668 BNF: cb1229

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