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BROMLEY is a district of south east London
London
, England, located 9.3 miles (15.0 km) south east of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
. It is the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Bromley , and identified as a major metropolitan centre in the London
London
Plan .

Bromley
Bromley
was historically a market town chartered since 1158 and an ancient parish in the county of Kent
Kent
. Its location on a coaching route and the opening of a railway station in 1858 were key to its development, and the economic history of Bromley
Bromley
is underpinned by a shift from an agrarian village to commerce and retail. As part of the suburban growth of London
London
in the 20th century, Bromley
Bromley
significantly increased in population and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1903. It has developed into one of a handful of regionally significant commercial and retail districts outside central London
London
and has formed part of Greater London
Greater London
since 1965. Most of Bromley
Bromley
including the town centre falls under the BR1 postcode district , whereas areas to the west towards Shortlands are part of BR2 instead.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Governance * 3 Geography * 4 Climate * 5 Economy

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Rail * 6.2 Buses

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Popular culture

* 8 Sport and leisure * 9 Education * 10 Landmarks

* 11 Notable residents - past and present

* 11.1 H. G. Wells * 11.2 Other residents

* 12 References * 13 Further reading * 14 External links

HISTORY

Bromley
Bromley
is first recorded in a charter of 862 as _Bromleag_ and means 'woodland clearing where broom grows'. It shares this Old English etymology with Great Bromley in Essex, but not with the Bromley
Bromley
in Tower Hamlets .

The history of Bromley
Bromley
is closely connected with the See of Rochester. In AD 862 Ethelbert , the King of Kent, granted land to form the Manor of Bromley. It was held by the Bishops of Rochester until 1845, when Coles Child, a wealthy local merchant and philanthropist , purchased Bromley Palace (now the hub of the Bromley Civic Centre) and became lord of the manor. The town was an important coaching stop on the way to Hastings from London, and the now defunct Royal Bell Hotel (just off Market Square) is referred to in Jane Austen 's _ Pride and Prejudice
Pride and Prejudice
_. It was a quiet rural village until the arrival of the railway in 1858 in Shortlands , which led to rapid growth, and outlying suburban districts such as Bickley (which later overflowed into Bromley Common ) were developed to accommodate those wishing to live so conveniently close to London
London
.

Bromley, also known as _ Bromley
Bromley
St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul_, formed an ancient parish in the Bromley
Bromley
and Beckenham
Beckenham
hundred and the Sutton-at-Hone lathe of Kent. In 1840 it became part of the expanded Metropolitan Police District . The parish adopted the Local Government Act 1858 and a local board was formed in 1867. The board was reconstituted as Bromley
Bromley
Urban District Council in 1894 and the parish became Bromley
Bromley
Urban District . It formed part of the London
London
Traffic Area from 1924 and the London
London
Passenger Transport Area from 1933. In 1934, as part of a county review order , the borough was expanded by taking in 1,894 acres (7.66 km2) from the disbanded Bromley
Bromley
Rural District ; an area including parts of the parishes of Farnborough, Hayes, Keston and West Wickham. Bromley
Bromley
became part of the newly created Greater London
Greater London
in 1965, in the new London Borough of Bromley .

GOVERNANCE

Bromley
Bromley
forms part of the Bromley
Bromley
and Chislehurst Parliament constituency and the London
London
European Parliament constituency. The current MP is Bob Neill . James Cleverly is the London
London
Assembly member for the Bexley and Bromley
Bromley
constituency, in which the town is located.

Bromley's most prominent MP was the former Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan .

GEOGRAPHY

Bromley
Bromley
is located 9.3 miles (15 km) south east of Charing Cross
Charing Cross
and is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London
London
Plan . Bromley
Bromley
is a post town in the BR postcode area , consisting of BR1 and part of the BR2 postcode district. BR1 covers Bromley, Bickley, Sundridge Park and part of Downham; and the BR2 portion covers Hayes, Shortlands, Bickley and Bromley
Bromley
Common.

Other nearby areas:

* Beckenham
Beckenham
* Bellingham * Catford * Chislehurst * Coney Hall * Elmers End
Elmers End
* Eltham
Eltham
* Grove Park
Grove Park
* Lewisham
Lewisham
* Locksbottom * Mottingham * New Eltham
Eltham
* Orpington
Orpington
* Penge * Petts Wood * Sidcup * West Wickham

‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING TOWNS, VILLAGES AND PLACES.

Plaistow Plaistow & Sundridge Park Sundridge

Bromley
Bromley
Park & Beckenham
Beckenham

Widmore & Bickley

BROMLEY

Shortlands Hayes Bromley Common

CLIMATE

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows. The Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
subtype for this climate is "Cfb ". (Marine West Coast Climate/ Oceanic climate ).

ECONOMY

Bromley
Bromley
is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London
London
Plan .

The town has a large retail area, including a pedestrianised High Street and _The Glades _ centre, the main shopping mall. The shopping area includes retailers such as Gap, Oasis, Russell "> Bromley North Railway Station

RAIL

Bromley
Bromley
is served by two rail stations:

BROMLEY SOUTH STATION with services to London
London
Victoria nonstop or, via Herne Hill // Kentish Town
Kentish Town
via Blackfriars and also London St.Pancras (Intl) // trains are available to many other stations incl. Orpington
Orpington
, Sevenoaks via Swanley , Gillingham , Ashford International via Maidstone East and a splitting service to Ramsgate and Dover Priory via Chatham .

BROMLEY NORTH STATION with services to London
London
Bridge and Charing Cross by changing at Grove Park
Grove Park
.

BUSES

Bromley
Bromley
is served by many Transport for London
London
services, these connect it with areas including Beckenham
Beckenham
, Bexleyheath
Bexleyheath
, Catford , Chislehurst , Croydon
Croydon
, Crystal Palace , Eltham
Eltham
, Hayes , Grove Park
Grove Park
, Lewisham
Lewisham
, New Addington , Orpington
Orpington
, Penge , Sidcup and West Wickham .

CULTURE

Bromley
Bromley
has a number of theatres, the most notable being the Churchill Theatre in the town centre and the Bromley
Bromley
Little Theatre close to Bromley
Bromley
North railway station. The Churchill Theatre was opened on 19 July 1977 by HRH Prince of Wales, and seats 785. It is run on a contract currently held by the Ambassador Theatre Group acting as both a receiving and producing house, with productions transferring to the West End or touring nationally. An example being recent tours of _The Rocky Horror Picture Show_. Bromley
Bromley
also has a central library in the same building as the Churchill Theatre with a large book stock, Internet and wifi access, reference library and local studies department. It functions as the central library of the broader Bromley Borough Libraries Service . Empire Cinemas own a four-screen site in Bromley, with screen 1 being its biggest with a capacity of 392. Screens 2 and 3 have disabled access.

Bromley
Bromley
also has the cultural distinctiveness of having its own Morris team, The Ravensbourne Morris Men . Founded in 1947 as a post war revival team following an inaugural meeting at the then _Jean's Café_, which was located opposite Bromley
Bromley
South Station.

POPULAR CULTURE

In the famous Monty Python Spam sketch Bromley
Bromley
was stated to be the location of the fictional Green Midget Café, where every item on the menu was composed of spam in varying degrees. In another Monty Python sketch it was stated that all seven continents are visible from the top of the Kentish Times building in Bromley.

The Mall in Bromley
Bromley
appeared on the cover of the 1982 album _Sounds Like Bromley_ by Bromley
Bromley
born Billy Jenkins . The picture is of the rear of the then Bromley
Bromley
Toy Fayre, Bramber Womenswear and car park above a supermarket.

SPORT AND LEISURE

The town has four Non-League football clubs. Two teams play their home games at the Hayes Lane Stadium: Bromley F.C. and Cray Wanderers F.C. . The other teams, Holmesdale F.C. and Greenwich Borough F.C. , play at Oakley Road. Bromley F.C. are in the Conference National , one level below the Football League
Football League
. Cray Wanderers F.C. are currently three divisions below Bromley F.C. in the Isthmian League Division One North .

Four rugby clubs in Bromley
Bromley
are, Old Elthamians a National League 2 side, Parkhouse FC, Bromley
Bromley
RFC and Beckenham
Beckenham
RFC . Beccehamians RFC is a club that was founded in 1933 which plays competitive rugby at Sparrows Den at the bottom of Corkscrew Hill in nearby West Wickham.

EDUCATION

See also: List of schools in Bromley

Bromley
Bromley
has numerous schools, and is home to Bromley
Bromley
College of Further "> St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul
St Paul
St Mark

The parish church of St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul
St Paul
stands on Church Road. It was largely destroyed by enemy action on 16 April 1941 and rebuilt in the 1950s incorporating the medieval tower and reusing much of the flint and fragments of the original stone building. The most noteworthy historic building is Bromley
Bromley
College , London
London
Road. The central public open spaces are; Queen's Gardens, Martin's Hill, Church House Gardens, Library Gardens and College Green.

Another parish church in Bromley
Bromley
worth noting is St Mark\'s , which stands in Westmoreland Road. The present church is the third. The first was built as a temporary iron church in 1884 to cope with Bromley's growing population, on land slightly to the east of the present church, donated by a local man called Eley Soames. The road name St Mark's Road preserves the rough location of the former site.

The second church was built in brick and stone on the present site, and designed by Evelyn Hellicar , son of the then vicar of St Peter and St Paul's. It was completed in 1898 in the Perpendicular Gothic style and consecrated by William Walsh , Bishop of Dover, on 22 October that year. The tower, though, was not completed until 1904. Like St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul's, St Mark's was heavily damaged in the London
London
Blitz of 1941. Only the tower survived intact.

On 3 June 1952, the Duchess of Kent
Kent
laid the foundation stone of the present church, which was designed by T W G Grant and built by David Nye . Besides the tower, other parts of the fabric of the original church were used in the rebuilding. Inside there are some interesting monuments: to Samuel Ajayi Crowther , John Cole Patteson and Vedanayagam Samuel Azariah , who were all bishops in the Commonwealth.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS - PAST AND PRESENT

_ This article's list of residents MAY NOT FOLLOW\'S VERIFIABILITY OR NOTABILITY POLICIES. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they are notable AND residents, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations . (April 2011)_

H. G. WELLS

H. G. Wells , "one of the remarkable minds of the twentieth century," was born in Bromley
Bromley
on 21 September 1866, to Sarah and Joseph Wells; his father was the founder of the Bromley
Bromley
Cricket
Cricket
Club and the proprietor of a shop that sold cricket equipment. Wells spent the first thirteen years of his life in Bromley. From 1874 to 1879 he attended Tomas Morley's Bromley
Bromley
Academy, at 74 High Street. There is an ' H. G. Wells Centre' in Masons Hill near the southern end of the High Street which houses the Bromley
Bromley
Labour Club. In August 2005, the wall honouring Wells in Market Square was repainted. The current wall painting features a rich green background with the same Wells reference and the evolution sequence of _Homo sapiens_ featured in _ Origin of Species _ by Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
, a former resident of nearby Downe
Downe
Village. Wells wrote about Bromley
Bromley
in an early unsigned article in the _ Pall Mall Gazette _ in which he expressed satisfaction that he had been born in an earlier, more rural Bromley. A blue plaque marks Wells' birthplace in Market Square, on the wall of what is now a Primark store. A marble plaque appears above the door of 8 South Street, the location of Mrs Knott's Dame school where "Bertie", as he was called as a child, learned to read and write. H.G. Wells featured Bromley
Bromley
in two of his novels: The War in the Air (which refers to Bromley
Bromley
as Bunhill) and The New Machiavelli (in which Bromley
Bromley
is referred to as Bromstead).

OTHER RESIDENTS

Owen Chadwick was born in Bromley
Bromley
in 1916. He was awarded the Order of Merit, was Vice Chancellor of University of Cambridge, Master of Selwyn Cambridge, Regius Professor of Modern History, Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Chancellor of University of Anglia, President of the British Academy, and was a Rugby Union International.

Other world-famous authors who hail from Bromley
Bromley
include Captain W.E. Johns (author of the Biggles adventures), David Nobbs (author of The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin and writer for Les Dawson and The Two Ronnies ), and Enid Blyton who wrote influential children's fiction such as the Secret Seven and Famous Five stories. A blue historical plaque can be found on the external wall of her former home on Shortlands Road, Bromley.

Other famous people who lived in Bromley
Bromley
include Alex Clare , Alex Borgese, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
, David Bowie
David Bowie
, Peter Howitt , Richmal Crompton , Pixie Lott , Matt Terry , Starsmith , Christopher Tennant , Peter Frampton , Aleister Crowley
Aleister Crowley
, Siouxsie Sioux
Siouxsie Sioux
, Gary Rhodes , Poly Styrene , singer Billy Idol , Trevor Goddard , actor Billy Jenkins , cricketer Jill Cruwys , the anarchist Peter Kropotkin , the former Clash drummer Topper Headon , illustrator Charles Keeping , Formula 1 test driver Gary Paffett , children's writer Andrew Murray , tenor Roland Cunningham , actor Michael York who attended Bromley Grammar School for Boys, clarinetist Chris Craker , Don Perrin , Canadian author who attended Burnt Ash School in Bromley, and Sir Thomas James Harper, an officer decorated in the Crimean War . In the 20th century, the Parish Church of St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul
St Paul
produced, in quick succession, three Church of England
England
Bishops: Henry David Halsey – Bishop of Carlisle , Philip Goodrich Bishop of Worcester , David Bartleet – Bishop of Tonbridge . Sculptor Nicholas Cornwell and Maisy James the Big Brother 12 housemate. Some time before 1881 the engineer and industrialist Richard Porter moved to Beckenham
Beckenham
where he remained until his death in 1913. Hanif Kureishi
Hanif Kureishi
, the famous writer and filmmaker was born here, and spent a significant part of his youth, here. His first novel _The Buddha of Suburbia _ was loosely based on his life here and the people he lived and met here.

Comedian Frankie Boyle claims to be a former resident and recently described Bromley
Bromley
as a 'lobotomy made out of bricks' The comedian Chris Addison currently lives in Bromley.

West Ham United F.C. midfielder Gary O\'Neil , former Millwall FC and Everton FC midfielder Tim Cahill , and Reading FC (previously Blackburn Rovers ) striker Jason Roberts lived in Bromley, English darts player Les Capewell was born in Bromley, Manchester United defender Rio Ferdinand , Leicester City F.C. defender John Pantsil . Cricketer Matthew Featherstone was born in Bromley
Bromley
and played List A cricket for the Kent
Kent
Cricket
Cricket
Board .

Scottish education secretary Michael Russell MSP was born and spent the early years of his life in Bromley.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. * ^ Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). "South East London
London
sub region". Greater London
Greater London
Authority . Retrieved 29 September 2009. * ^ " Bromley
Bromley
CP/AP through time Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-19. * ^ _A_ _B_ Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). " London
London
Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2009. * ^ Mills, Anthony David (2001). _Dictionary of London
London
Place Names_. Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
. ISBN 0-19-280106-6 * ^ "Bromley". Mick Scott, Non such Publishing. 2005. * ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Bromley
Bromley
parish. Retrieved 29 September 2009. * ^ Robson, William (1939). _The Government and Mis-government of London_. London: Allen & Unwin. * ^ Royal Mail, _Address Management Guide_, (2004) * ^ Geographers A-Z Map Co Ltd, _ London
London
Postcode and Administrative Boundaries Map_, (2008), ISBN 9781843485926 * ^ Climate Summary for Bromley, UK * ^ Mayor of London
London
(February 2008). " London
London
Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. * ^ "Ravensbourne Morris - Home side of the World Morris Dancing Record Holder Ben Dauncey". Ravensbourne.org. Retrieved 2014-05-19. * ^ Beccehamians RFC * ^ " St Peter
St Peter
and St Paul
St Paul
website". * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Robin Waldron. "St Mark\'s History" (PDF) (2011 ed.). St Mark's Church Bromley. Retrieved 6 April 2015. * ^ David C. Smith, _H.G. Wells: Desperately Mortal: A Biography_ (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986), p. 4. * ^ David C. Smith, _H.G. Wells: Desperately Mortal: A Biography_ (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986), p. 6. * ^ _Darwin_. www.bromley.gov.uk. * ^ David C. Smith, _H.G. Wells: Desperately Mortal: A Biography_ (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986), p. 5. * ^ * ^ * ^ "Jill Cruwys". Cricinfo. * ^ "Peter Kropotkin". Bromley
Bromley
Council. * ^ "Michael York". When We Were Kids. * ^ "Frankie Boyle". London: The Evening Standard. 21 March 2012. * ^ "Chris Addison". London: The Guardian. 26 April 2010.

FURTHER READING

* James Thorne (1876), "Bromley", _Handbook to the Environs of London_, London: John Murray

‹ The template below (_Geographic location _) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING AREAS OF BROMLEY

Beckenham
Beckenham
Downham Sundridge

Shortlands

Bickley

BROMLEY

Hayes Bromley
Bromley
Common Southborough

EXTERNAL

.