GEORGE BROCK CHISHOLM, CC , CBE , MC and the Bar. He rose to the rank
of captain , was injured once, and returned home in 1917.
After the war, Chisholm pursued his lifelong passion of medicine ,
earning his MD from the
University of Toronto by 1924 before interning
England , where he specialized in psychiatry . After six years in
general practice in his native Oakville, he attended Yale University
where he specialized in the mental health of children. During this
time, Chisholm developed his strong Marxist view that children should
be raised in an "as intellectually free environment" as possible,
independent of the prejudices and biases (political, moral and
religious) of their parents.
At the outbreak of the
Second World War
Second World War , Chisholm rapidly rose in
stature within the Canadian military and government. He joined the war
effort as a psychiatrist dealing with psychological aspects of soldier
training, before rising to the rank of Director General of the Medical
Services, the highest position within the medical ranks of the
Canadian Army . He was the first psychiatrist to head the medical
ranks of any army in the world. In 1944, the Canadian Government
created the position of Deputy Minister of Health. Chisholm was first
the person to occupy the post and held it until 1946.
That same year, Chisholm took his views to the international scene,
becoming the Executive Secretary of the Interim Commission of the
World Health Organization , based in Geneva ,
Switzerland . He was one
of 16 international experts consulted in drafting the agency's first
constitution. The WHO became a permanent UN fixture in April 1948, and
Chisholm became the agency's first Director-General on a 46–2 vote.
Chisholm was now in the unique position of being able to bring his
views on the importance of international mental and physical health to
the world. Refusing re-election, he occupied the post until 1953,
during which time the WHO dealt successfully with a cholera epidemic
Egypt , malaria outbreaks in
Sardinia , and introduced
shortwave epidemic-warning services for ships at sea.
Chisholm was a controversial public speaker who nevertheless had
great conviction, and drew much c