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Brixton
Brixton
Market comprises a street market in the centre of Brixton, south London, and the adjacent covered market areas in nearby arcades Reliance Arcade, Market Row and Granville Arcade (recently rebranded as ' Brixton
Brixton
Village'). The market sells a wide range of foods and goods but is best known for its African and Caribbean produce, which reflect the diverse community of Brixton
Brixton
and surrounding areas of Lambeth. The Street Market is managed by the London
London
Borough of Lambeth. The covered arcades have always been in private ownership, although substantial public funding was provided for their refurbishment under the Brixton
Brixton
Challenge grant scheme.

Contents

1 History 2 The covered market arcades

2.1 Proposed redevelopment of covered market arcades (2008/2009) 2.2 Controversial redevelopment plans for Brixton
Brixton
Arches (2016/2017) 2.3 Individuals 2.4 Market Roads in Brixton

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The Market began on Atlantic Road in the 1870s and subsequently spread to Brixton
Brixton
Road which had a very wide footway. Brixton
Brixton
then was a rapidly expanding London
London
railway suburb with newly opening shops, including the first London
London
branch of David Greig at 54-58 Atlantic Road in 1870, and London's first purpose-built department store, Bon Marché, on Brixton
Brixton
Road in 1877.[1] The market was a popular attraction, with shoppers being entertained by street musicians. Electric Avenue
Electric Avenue
which is now part of the street market was built in the 1880s and was one of the first streets to have electric light. Glazed iron canopies covered the footpath, but these were significantly damaged by WW2 bombs, and finally removed in the 1980s. The song "Electric Avenue" was written by Eddy Grant
Eddy Grant
referring to this area of the market. In 2016, Electric Avenue
Electric Avenue
was refurbished with funding from the Mayor of London's High Street Fund, Lambeth Council, Transport for London
London
and the Heritage Lottery fund to include an illuminated sign celebrating the area's history[2]. The covered market arcades[edit]

Arcade

The market arcades were built in the 1920s and 1930s when road widening on Brixton
Brixton
Road forced traders from their established pitches. Reliance Arcade, 455 Brixton
Brixton
Road (c1924) provides a narrow pedestrian route from Brixton
Brixton
Road to Electric Lane. It incorporates the original Georgian house and has a beautiful Egyptian tomb facade to Electric Lane; it was extended forward by Ernest J Thomas in 1931. Inside there are small shops no larger than market stalls and a glazed roof provide the light. Reliance Arcade is Grade II listed, and was added to English Heritage's Heritage At Risk Register in October 2014.[3] Market Row, 40 - 44 Atlantic Road was designed by Andrews and Peascod in 1928. It was built in the back yards of existing premises and links Atlantic Road, Coldharbour Lane and Electric Lane. The interior is double-height and windows in the roof provide light. Brixton
Brixton
Village, Coldharbour Lane was built as Granville Arcade in 1937 to designs of Alfred and Vincent Burr; the developer was Mr Granville-Grossman. It was opened by actor Carl Brisson
Carl Brisson
on 6 May 1937. It has an interior of narrow covered streets called 'Avenues', and is double-height, similar to Market Row. There are over 100 shops. It links Coldharbour Lane, Atlantic Road and Popes Road. The three market arcades in close proximity, forming an extensive network of stalls, are rare survivals and their special character is what marks out Brixton
Brixton
as distinctive from other suburban shopping centres: a mixture of history, interesting architecture, the variety of goods on sale and the cultural mix of Brixton, known as the symbolic 'soul of black Britain'. Since 2011 the shops in Brixton
Brixton
Village and, more recently, Market Row and Reliance Arcade have increasingly converted into cafes and restaurants, serving a wide range of different cuisines. [4] As a result, they are now open 8am – 11.30pm every day except Monday, when they shut at 6pm. [5] Proposed redevelopment of covered market arcades (2008/2009)[edit] In 2007 Market Row and Brixton
Brixton
Village were sold along with the other London
London
market interests of APL Ocean Ltd to London
London
& Associated Properties. In 2008, the new owners released proposals to redevelop the Brixton
Brixton
Village covered market.[6] The proposal included the removal of the existing building and the building of a 10-story privately owned residential tower block and private park, above a new market building. In January 2009 London
London
and Associated Properties employed communications company Four Communications to undertake a survey of local opinion. Concerns were raised on the Brixton
Brixton
Community website Urban 75
Urban 75
that the survey was one sided, only available in English.[7] Friends of Brixton
Brixton
Market, traders and residents ran a successful campaign against the proposals.[8] Paul Bakalite's proposal for Listing was strongly supported by the Twentieth Century Society. In April 2010 the Secretary of State of the Department of Culture (DCMS) announced that the government had overturned its previous decision not award heritage protection to these three arcades and declared all three Grade II listed buildings. They were listed by virtue of their cultural importance and contribution to the social and economic history of Brixton, particularly since the 1950s as one of the principal hearts of the Afro-Caribbean community in London, as well as for their architectural importance since such arcades, once more common, are now rare. Controversial redevelopment plans for Brixton
Brixton
Arches (2016/2017)[edit]

This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

In 2015, Network Rail contacted the merchants trading from the commercial premises located under the railway arches on Atlantic Road indicating plans to close those premises for a year for refurbishment[9] as part of the Brixton
Brixton
Central masterplan for redevelopment of the area[10]. This led to public outcry from traders, many of whom had been occupying their retail space for decades[11], claiming that this closure was an excuse to hike the rent as they would be able to come back to occupy the same space, but with a 350% increase to their rent[12]. The traders and community launched the Save Brixton
Brixton
Arches[13] campaign, which fed into the anti-gentrification movement already underway within the Brixton community[14] and culminated in a protest at the local council meeting where community activists declared the "death of Brixton" after the plans were approved[9]. In 2017, the majority of the arches traders ceased trading and hoardings were installed over the empty premises, but development has stalled due to complications involving the leases of two of the arches tenants[15]. Individuals[edit]

David Copeland Eddy Grant Sir John Major

Market Roads in Brixton[edit]

Pope's Road Electric Avenue Brixton
Brixton
Station Road www.brixtonmarket.net

See also[edit]

New Covent Garden Market Brixton
Brixton
railway station

Coordinates: 51°27′43″N 0°06′50″W / 51.462°N 0.114°W / 51.462; -0.114 References[edit]

^ "Draft Brixton
Brixton
Conservation Area Statement" (PDF). London
London
Borough of Lambeth. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011.  ^ "Music legend Eddy Grant
Eddy Grant
lights up Brixton's Electric Avenue". South London
London
Press. Archived from the original on 2017-10-04.  ^ http://www.bdonline.co.uk/news/heritage-at-risk-register-reveals-threatened-gems/5071674.article ^ Rayner, Jay (9 October 2011). "Restaurant review Brixton
Brixton
Village". Time Out. London. Retrieved 28 July 2015.  ^ http://brixtonmarket.net/brixton-village/ ^ London
London
and Associated Property's proposals for Brixton Village[permanent dead link] ^ [1] ^ Friends of Brixton
Brixton
Market campaign to save Brixton
Brixton
Village Archived 31 January 2009 at Archive.is ^ a b "Police called as council meeting hit by protests over Brixton's 'gentrification'".  ^ " Brixton
Brixton
Central Masterplan".  ^ "The Brixton
Brixton
Arches businesses caught in London's tide of regeneration".  ^ "Network Rail are not interested in the future of Brixton".  ^ "Save Brixton
Brixton
Arches".  ^ "Brixton's anti-gentrification protest: identifying the problems is one thing, fixing them is another".  ^ " Brixton
Brixton
Arches development "hopelessly stalled" with Brixton's 'Dead Zone' here to stay". 

External links[edit]

Brixton
Brixton
Mar

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