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BRITISH PASSPORTS are passports issued by the United Kingdom to those holding any form of British nationality . There are different types of British nationality, and different types of British passports as a result. A British passport enables the bearer to travel worldwide and serves as proof of citizenship. It also facilitates access to consular assistance from British embassies around the world, or if also a citizen of the European Union , any embassy of another European Union member state . Passports are issued using royal prerogative , which are exercised by Her Majesty\'s Government .

British citizen passports have been issued by Her Majesty\'s Passport Office in the UK since 2006. British citizens can use their passport as evidence of right of abode in the United Kingdom and EU citizenship . All passports issued in the UK since 2006 have been biometric.

In 2017, British citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 173 countries and territories, ranking the British citizen passport fourth in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index .

CONTENTS

* 1 Types of British passports

* 1.1 British citizen, British overseas citizen, British subject, British protected person, British national (overseas) * 1.2 Gibraltar * 1.3 EU citizenship * 1.4 Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories * 1.5 Special British passports

* 2 History

* 2.1 Historical passports * 2.2 Timeline

* 2.3 The old blue passport

* 2.3.1 Speculation regarding return to blue passport

* 2.4 The British visitor\'s passport * 2.5 European format passports

* 3 Physical appearance

* 3.1 Generic design

* 3.1.1 Front cover * 3.1.2 Passport note * 3.1.3 Information page * 3.1.4 Function-related passports

* 3.2 Passports issued to residents of the Crown dependencies and Gibraltar * 3.3 Passports issued to residents of certain British Overseas Territories

* 4 Multiple passports * 5 Endorsements * 6 Abandoned plans for "next generation" biometric passports and national identity registration * 7 Monarch * 8 Visa requirements * 9 Foreign travel statistics * 10 Gallery of British passports * 11 See also * 12 References

TYPES OF BRITISH PASSPORTS

Owing to the many different categories in British nationality law , there are different types of passports for each class of British nationality. All categories of British passports are issued by Her Majesty's Government under royal prerogative . Since all British passports are issued in the name of the Crown , the reigning monarch does not require a passport. The following table shows the number of valid British passports on the last day of 2016 and shows the different categories eligible to hold a British passport:

CATEGORY COUNTRY CODE Valid passports as at 31 Dec 2016 ISSUING AUTHORITY NOTE

British citizens GBR 49,206,370 HM Passport Office (in UK) Civil Status and Registration Office (in Gibraltar) Individual Crown dependencies

British Overseas Territories Citizens of Gibraltar GBD 1,948 CSRO (Gibraltar) formerly British Dependent Territories Citizens

British Overseas Territories Citizens of other British Overseas Territories 16,370 Individual Overseas Territory

HMPO

British Overseas citizens GBO 14,249 HMPO

British subjects with right of abode in UK GBS 38,806 HMPO

British subjects without right of abode in UK 918 HMPO

British protected persons GBP 16,370 HMPO

British Nationals (Overseas) GBN 152,351 HMPO

A British passport issued by Guernsey

BRITISH CITIZEN, BRITISH OVERSEAS CITIZEN, BRITISH SUBJECT, BRITISH PROTECTED PERSON, BRITISH NATIONAL (OVERSEAS)

British citizen, British overseas citizen, British subject, British protected person and British national (overseas) passports are issued by HM Passport Office in the UK. British nationals of these categories applying for passports outside the UK can apply for their passport online from HMPO. British passports were previously issued by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in British embassies around the world. However, in 2009, this was stopped and British citizen passports can now only be issued by the Passport Office in the UK. The FCO says: "In their 2006 report on consular services, the National Audit Office recommended limiting passport production to fewer locations to increase security and reduce expenditure."

GIBRALTAR

British citizens and British Overseas Territory citizens of Gibraltar can apply for their passport in Gibraltar, where it will be issued by the Gibraltar Civil Status and Registration Office.

EU CITIZENSHIP

British citizens, British Overseas Territory citizens of Gibraltar and British subjects with right of abode are considered to be UK nationals for the purpose of EU law . They are therefore considered to be EU citizens, allowing them to move freely within the European Economic Area and Switzerland.

Other types of British national s are not considered to be EU citizens, but may nevertheless enjoy visa-free travel to the European Union as tourists .

CROWN DEPENDENCIES AND OVERSEAS TERRITORIES

British passports in Jersey , Guernsey and on the Isle of Man are issued in the name of the Lieutenant-Governor of the respective Crown Dependencies on behalf of the States of Jersey , States of Guernsey and the Government of the Isle of Man respectively. Meanwhile, In British Overseas Territories , British Overseas Territories Citizen passports are issued in the name of the respective territory's governor. British emergency passport with its cream cover

SPECIAL BRITISH PASSPORTS

DIPLOMATIC passports are issued in the UK by HMPO. They are issued to British diplomats and high-ranking government officials to facilitate travel abroad.

OFFICIAL passports are issued to those travelling abroad on official state business.

QUEEN\'S MESSENGER passports are issued to diplomatic couriers who transport documents on behalf of HM Government.

EMERGENCY passports are issued by British embassies across the world. Emergency passports may be issued to any person holding British nationality. Commonwealth citizens are also eligible to receive British emergency passports in countries where their country of nationality is unrepresented. Under a reciprocal agreement, British emergency passports may also be issued to EU citizens in countries where their own country does not have a diplomatic mission or is otherwise unable to assist.

HISTORY

Safe conduct documents, usually notes signed by the monarch, were issued to foreigners as well as English subjects in medieval times . They were first mentioned in an Act of Parliament, the Safe Conducts Act in 1414. Between 1540 and 1685, the Privy Council issued passports, although they were still signed by the monarch until the reign of Charles II when the Secretary of State could sign them instead. The Secretary of State signed all passports in place of the monarch from 1794 onwards, at which time formal records started to be kept.

Passports were written in Latin or English until 1772, when French was used instead. From about 1855 English was used, with some sections translated into French for many years.

In 1855 passports became a standardised document issued solely to British nationals. They were a simple single-sheet paper document, and by 1914 included a photograph of the holder.

The British Nationality and Status of Aliens Act 1914 was passed on the outbreak of World War I. A new format was introduced in 1915: a single sheet folded into eight with a cardboard cover. It included a description of the holder as well as a photograph, and had to be renewed after two years.

HISTORICAL PASSPORTS

Some duplicate passports and passport records are available at the British Library ; for example IOR: L/P&J/11 contain a few surviving passports of travelling ayahs for the 1930s. A passport issued on 18 June 1641 and signed by King Charles I still exists.

TIMELINE

Various changes to the design were made over the years:

* In 1927, the country name changed from "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (alternatively the name of the colony appeared here) * In 1954, the name of the Secretary of State was removed. * In 1968 the validity was extended from five years renewable up to ten, to ten years non-renewable. * At the end of 1972, several modifications were made. A special blue watermarked paper was introduced to make alteration and forgery more difficult. The number of pages was reduced from 32 to 30, and the holder's eye colour and the maiden name of a married woman were removed. * In May 1973, an optional 94-page passport was made available which provided many more pages for immigration stamps and visas for frequent travellers. * In 1975, lamination over the bearer's photograph was introduced to make alteration harder. Overprinting of the laminate was added in 1981 to make removal easier to spot. * In 1979, UK exchange controls were abolished, and the foreign exchange page was removed. * In 1982, the holder's occupation and country of residence were removed. * In July 1988, changes were made to ease the introduction of machine-readable passports later in the year. Joint passports were no longer issued and the descriptions of distinguishing features and height were removed. * In August 1988, the old blue-style started to be replaced by the burgundy passport, which included the first-ever printed mention of the European Community on the cover and granted automatic free movement of labour to British citizens in the other 9 EEC countries (at the time), and reciprocally provided access for those nation's workers into the UK economy. Some offices issued the remaining stock of blue passports until as late as 1993. * 1998: Digital facial image rather than a laminated photograph, and intaglio or raised printing on the inside of the covers. Children under 16 are no longer included on new adult passports. * 2006: Biometric passports (also called ePassports) comply with the US Visa Waiver Program . * 2010: The Identity iconic British innovations such as the Penny Black and the London Underground ; and UK landmark structures like the Houses of Parliament , London Eye , Edinburgh Castle , the Pierhead Building in Cardiff, Titanic Belfast and the Royal Observatory Greenwich . As part of the Press release the HM Passport Office said the new passport is the most secure in the world. The passport was released in December 2015. De La Rue has got a 10-year contract with HM Passport Office designing and producing the British Passports starting in 2010 as well as the new 'Creative UK' passport in 2015.

THE OLD BLUE PASSPORT

UK passport 1924

A 32-page passport with a dark blue cover, commonly known as the old blue style, came into use in 1920 with the formation of the Passport Service following international agreement on a standard format for passports, and remained in use until replaced by the European Union-style machine-readable passport in late 1988. As with many documents worldwide and all booklet-format documents, details were handwritten into the passport and (as of 1955) included: number, holder's name, "accompanied by his wife" and her maiden name, "and" (number) "children", national status. For both bearer and wife: profession, place and date of birth, country of residence, height, eye and hair colour, special peculiarities, signature and photograph. Names, birth dates, and sexes of children, list of countries for which valid, issue place and date, expiry date, a page for renewals and, at the back, details of the amount of foreign exchange for travel expenses (a limited amount of sterling, typically £50 but increasing with inflation, could be taken out of the country). The bearer's sex was not explicitly stated, although the name was written in with title ("Mr John Smith"). Descriptive text was printed in both English and French (a practice which still continues), e.g., "Accompanied by his wife (Maiden name)/Accompagné de sa femme (Née)". Changed details were struck out and rewritten, with a rubber-stamped note confirming the change.

If details and photograph of a man's wife and details of children were entered (this was not compulsory), the passport could be used by the bearer, wife, and children under 16, if together; separate passports were required for the wife or children to travel independently. The passport was valid for five years, renewable for another five, after which it had to be replaced.

The passport had a printed list of countries for which it was valid, which was added to manually as validity increased. A passport of 1955 was valid for the British Commonwealth, USA, and all countries in Europe "including the USSR , Turkey, Algeria, Azores, Canary Islands, Iceland, and Madeira"; during its period of validity restrictions eased and it was endorsed "and for all other foreign countries".

Speculation Regarding Return To Blue Passport

There has been speculation regarding re-introduction of the blue passport following completion of Britain's exit from the European Union but the government has denied any immediate plans. Such a change has been supported by some due to its symbolic value, including Brexit Secretary David Davis , while others think the undue weight put on such a trivial change raises the question of whether the government is able to prioritise its order of business ahead of Brexit. On 2 April 2017, Michael Fabricant MP said that security printing and banknote manufacturer De La Rue , who hold the current £400 million contract with HM Passport Office , had stated that the crest would "contrast better on navy blue than it currently does on the maroon passports" as part of their pre-tender discussions with the government. The Sun newspaper launched a campaign in August 2016, and a question was put to Home Secretary Amber Rudd in the House of Commons .

THE BRITISH VISITOR\'S PASSPORT

Cardboard identity card issued under arrangements regarding collective passports by the UK Passport Service in 2005

A new simplified type, the British Visitor's Passport, was introduced in 1961. It was a single-page cardboard document valid for one year obtainable for many years from Employment Exchanges , as agents of the Passport Office, and then from a Post Office . It was accepted for travel by most west European countries (excluding surface travel to West Berlin ), but was dropped in 1995 since it did not identify the holder's nationality or meet new security standards.

EUROPEAN FORMAT PASSPORTS

On 15 August 1988, the Glasgow passport office became the first to issue burgundy-coloured machine-readable passports. They followed a common format agreed amongst member states of the European Community , and had the words 'European Community' on the cover, changed to 'European Union ' in 1997. The passport has 32 pages; a 48-page version is available with more space for stamps and visas. There are two lines of machine-readable text printed in a format agreed amongst members of the International Civil Aviation Organisation , and a section in which relevant terms ("surname", "date of issue", etc.) are translated into the official EU languages. Passports issued overseas did not all have a Machine Readable Zone but these was introduced gradually as appropriate equipment was made available overseas.

In 1998 the first digital image passport was introduced with photographs being replaced with images printed directly on the bio-data page which was moved from the cover to an inside page to reduce the ease of fraud. These documents were all issued with machine readable zones and had a hologram over the photograph, which was the first time that British passports had been protected by an optically variable safeguard. These documents were issued until 2006 when the biometric passport was introduced. The bio-data page is printed with a finely detailed background including a drawing of a red grouse (a native British bird), and the entire page is protected from modification by a laminate which incorporates a holographic image of the kingfisher ; visa pages are numbered and printed with detailed backgrounds including drawings of other birds: a merlin , curlew , avocet , and red kite . An RFID chip and antenna are located on the obverse of the data page and hold the same visual information as is printed, including a digital copy of the photograph with biometric information for use with facial recognition systems . The Welsh and Scottish Gaelic languages were included in all British passports for the first time in 2005, and appear on the titles page replacing the official languages of the EU, although the EU languages still appear faintly as part of the background design. Welsh and Scottish Gaelic precede the official EU languages in the translations section.

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE

British passports are burgundy, with the coat of arms of the United Kingdom emblazoned in the centre of the front cover.

With the sole exception of emergency passports which are printed and issued by the British diplomatic missions, all other types British passports have been printed and issued by Her Majesty\'s Passport Office (HMPO) in the United Kingdom since May 2015, although some British Overseas Territories, such as Bermuda, did not start forwarding the applications to HMPO until June 2016 when its own passport book stock was depleted.

There are three types of covers among British passports. Passports with the generic cover are issued to British citizens not residing in the Crown dependencies and Gibraltar, and persons holding all other types of British nationality. Passports issued to residents of the Crown dependencies and Gibraltar has a slightly variated cover. Passports issued to British Overseas Territories citizens residing in certain territories has a completely different cover, albeit with the same interior design.

GENERIC DESIGN

See also: British National (Overseas) passport

Front Cover

The words "UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND" are inscribed above the coat of arms, whilst the word "PASSPORT" is inscribed below. The biometric passport symbol appears at the bottom of the front cover under the word "PASSPORT".

The words "EUROPEAN UNION" are printed at the top of British passports issued to British nationals who are considered "United Kingdom nationals for European Community purposes" (i.e. British Citizens , British Subjects with the right of abode in the UK and British Overseas Territories Citizens connected with Gibraltar). It is not included at the top of other British passports (i.e. passports issued to British Nationals (Overseas) , British Overseas Citizens , British Protected Persons , non-Gibraltarian British Overseas Territories Citizens and British Subjects without the right of abode in the UK)

Passport Note

Generic British passports contain on their inside cover the following words in English only:

Her Britannic Majesty 's Secretary of State Requests and requires in the Name of Her Majesty all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford the bearer such assistance and protection as may be necessary.

In older passports, more specific reference was made to "Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs ", originally including the name of the incumbent.

Information Page

British passports issued by HM Passport Office include the following data on the information page:

* Photograph of the owner/holder (digital image printed on page) * Type (P) * Code of issuing state (GBR) * Passport number * Surname (see note below regarding titles) * Given names * Nationality (the class of British nationality , such as "British Citizen" or "British Overseas Citizen", or if issued on behalf of a Commonwealth country, "Commonwealth Citizen" ) * Date of birth * Sex (Gender) * Place of birth (only the city or town is listed, even if born outside the UK; places of birth in Wales are entered in Welsh upon request ) * Date of issue * Authority * Date of expiry * Holder's signature (digital image printed on page) * Machine Readable Zone starting with P(PDF). Japan National Tourism Organization . * ^ http://www.mota.gov.jo/Documents/Statistics/2015-Latest2/Arrive2015/2.2.xls * ^ "Статистические сборники". stat.gov.kz. * ^ Administrator. "Visitors by Country of Residence". * ^ "Tourism in Kyrgyzstan" (PDF). * ^ * ^ "TUG02. Visitors staying in hotels and other accommodation establishments by country of residence-PX-Web". * ^ "2013 Arrivals by nationality Table 10.1". * ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2016-05-01. * ^ "Number of guests and overnights in Lithuanian accommodation establishments. \'000. All markets. 2015-2016". * ^ "Trade and tourism". * ^ "DSEC - Statistics Database". * ^ * ^ * ^ "Arrivals by Country - Tourism Malaysia". * ^ "Number of visitors by country, 2009" (PDF). * ^ http://www.tourism.gov.mv/?wpdmdl=10474 * ^ * ^ "ANNUAIRE 2014". * ^ "Tourist arrivals by country of residence". * ^ Carrodeguas, Norfi. "Datatur3 - Visitantes por Nacionalidad". * ^ Statistică, Biroul Naţional de (12 February 2016). "// Comunicate de presă". * ^ "Statistics of Tourists to Mongolia". * ^ "Statistical Yearbook of Montenegro 2016 - p.148" (PDF). * ^ "Tourist arrivals by country of residence" (PDF). * ^ * ^ "Myanmar Tourism Statistics 2015" (PDF). Central Statistical Organization. Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. Retrieved 5 January 2016. * ^ * ^ "Tourism Statistics 2015 p.34" (PDF). * ^ "Visitors arrival by country of residence and year". * ^ "Toerisme in perspectief 2017". * ^ * ^ "Estadísticas de Turismo". * ^ "Number of Tourists to Oman". * ^ "Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2012 - Pakistan Bureau of Statistics". * ^ "Immigration / Tourism Statistics - Palau National Government".

* ^ * ^ * ^ The data obtained on request. Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo Archived 2016-12-02 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ * ^ "in 2016 - tables TABL. III/6. NON-RESIDENTS VISITING POLAND IN 2016 AND THEIR EXPENDITURE" (PDF). * ^ 2016 Annual Tourism Performance Report * ^ * ^ Tourism purpose only. * ^ * ^ A B "Statistics Netherlands". * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-24. Retrieved 2016-06-12. * ^ * ^ * ^ "Entrada de Visitantes/ S. Tomé e Príncipe Ano 2005" (PDF). * ^ "Tourist turnover in the Republic of Serbia - December 2016" (PDF). * ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2017-01-19. * ^ "Singapore Tourism Board" (PDF). * ^ * ^ Table 1: Tourist arrivals and overnight stays by countries, Slovenia, 2016 – final data * ^ "statistics/visitor-arrivals". * ^ * ^ "Korea, Monthly Statistics of Tourism - key facts on toursim - Tourism Statistics". * ^ "Tabla23984". * ^ "TOURIST ARRIVALS BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE 2016" (PDF). * ^ "Suriname Tourism Foundation" (PDF). www.surinametourism.sr. * ^ "Swaziland Tourism - Swaziland Safari - Swaziland Attractions - Useful Links - Research". * ^ "Tillväxtverkets Publikationer -". * ^ Visitor Arrivals by Residence * ^ * ^ International Tourist Arrivals to Thailand By Nationality 2016 * ^ * ^ Stats, Tonga. "Migration Statistics - Tonga Stats". * ^ "T">(PDF). * ^ * ^ "Turks and Caicos sto-over arrivals" (PDF). * ^ Dev1. "Migration - Visitors by nationalities". * ^ "MINISTRY OF TOURISM, WILDLIFE AND ANTIQUITIES SECTOR STATISTICAL ABSTRACT,2014". * ^ "Foreign citizens who visited Ukraine in 2016 year, by countries". * ^ General statistics for the Emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai * ^ Abu Dhabi Statistics * ^ Dubai Statistics, Visitor by Nationality * ^ "Table 28 - Homeland Security". * ^ * ^ TITC. "International visitors to Viet Nam in December and 12 months of 2016". * ^ "Downloads".

* v * t * e

British passports

British citizens (BCs) British subjects (BSs) (under Part IV of the British Nationality Act 1981, Chapter 61) British Overseas citizens (BOCs) British Protected Persons (BPPs)

* MAIN ARTICLE: BRITISH PASSPORT (UNITED KINGDOM) * Isle of Man passport * Jersey passport

* Guernsey passport * British passport (Gibraltar)

British Overseas Territories citizens (BOTCs) formerly British Dependent Territories citizens (BDTCs)

* SEE BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES CITIZENSHIP

* British passport (Gibraltar)

* British passport (Anguilla)

* British passport (Bermuda)

* British passport (Cayman Islands)

* British passport (Montserrat)

* British passport (Saint Helena)

* British passport (Turks and Caicos Islands) * British passport (British Virgin Islands)

British Nationals (Overseas) (BN(O)s)

* MAIN ARTICLE: BRITISH NATIONAL (OVERSEAS) PASSPORT

EMERGENCY PASSPORTS

* British emergency passport

* v * t * e

Passports

AFRICA

CENTRAL

CEMAC

* Cameroon * Central African Republic * Chad * Congo, Republic of the * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon

* Angola * Congo, Democratic Republic of the * São Tomé and Príncipe

EASTERN

* Burundi * Comoros * Djibouti * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Kenya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mauritius * Mozambique * Rwanda * Seychelles * Somalia * Somaliland 10 * South Sudan * Tanzania * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe

NORTHERN

* Algeria * Egypt 8 * Libya * Morocco * Sudan * Tunisia * Western Sahara 9

SOUTHERN

* Botswana * Lesotho * Namibia * South Africa * Swaziland

WESTERN

* Mauritania * Saint Helena 1

ECOWAS

* Benin * Burkina Faso * Cape Verde * Côte d\'Ivoire * Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Liberia * Mali * Niger * Nigeria * Senegal * Sierra Leone * Togo

AMERICAS

CARIBBEAN

* Anguilla 1 * British Virgin Islands 1 * Cayman Islands 1 * Cuba * Dominican Republic * Montserrat 1 * Turks and Caicos Islands 1

CARICOM

* Antigua and Barbuda * Bahamas * Barbados * Dominica * Grenada * Haiti * Jamaica * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Trinidad and Tobago

CENTRAL

* Costa Rica * Panama

CARICOM

* Belize

CENTRAL AMERICA-4

* El Salvador * Guatemala * Honduras * Nicaragua

NORTH

* Bermuda 1 * Canada * Greenland * France (Saint Pierre and Miquelon ) * Mexico

* United States

* Iroquois League 10

SOUTH

* Chile * Venezuela

ANDEAN

* Bolivia * Colombia * Ecuador * Peru

CARICOM

* Guyana * Suriname

MERCOSUR

* Argentina * Brazil * Paraguay * Uruguay

ASIA

CENTRAL border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;padding:0px">

* Afghanistan * Kazakhstan 6 * Kyrgyzstan * Russia 3 * Tajikistan * Turkmenistan * Uzbekistan

EAST

* People\'s Republic of China

* Hong Kong 11 * Macao 11

* Japan * Korea, North * Korea, South * Mongolia * Republic of China (Taiwan) 9

SOUTH

* Bangladesh * Bhutan * India * Maldives * Nepal * Pakistan * Sri Lanka

SOUTHEAST

* Brunei * Burma * Cambodia * East Timor * Indonesia * Laos * Malaysia * Philippines * Singapore * Thailand * Vietnam

WEST

* Abkhazia 5 9 * Armenia 7 * Artsakh 7 9 * Azerbaijan 5 * Bahrain * Cyprus 7 * Egypt 8 * Georgia 5 * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Jordan * Kuwait * Lebanon * Northern Cyprus 7 9 * Oman * Palestine 9 * Qatar * Saudi Arabia * South Ossetia 5 9 * Syria * Turkey 4 * United Arab Emirates * Yemen

EUROPE

OTHER EUROPE

* Abkhazia 5 9 * Albania * Andorra * Armenia 7 * Artsakh 7 9 * Azerbaijan 5 * Belarus * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Faroe Islands * Georgia 5 * Guernsey 1 * Iceland 2 * Isle of Man 1 * Jersey 1 * Kazakhstan 6 * Kosovo 9 * Liechtenstein 2 * Macedonia * Malta, Sovereign Military Order of * Moldova * Monaco 2 * Montenegro * Northern Cyprus 7 9 * Norway 2 * Russia 3 * San Marino 2 * Serbia * South Ossetia 5 9 * Switzerland 2 * Transnistria 9 * Turkey 4 * Ukraine * Vatican City 2

EUROPEAN UNION

* Austria * Belgium * Bulgaria * Croatia * Cyprus 7 * Czech Republic * Denmark * Estonia * Finland * France * Germany * Gibraltar 1 * Greece * Hungary * Ireland * Italy * Latvia * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Malta * Netherlands * Poland * Portugal * Romania * Slovakia * Slovenia * Spain * Sweden * United Kingdom1

OCEANIA

* Australia

* Aboriginal

* Fiji * Kiribati * Marshall Islands * Micronesia, Federated States of * Nauru * New Zealand * Palau * Papua New Guinea * Pitcairn Islands 1 * Samoa * Solomon Islands * Tonga * Tuvalu * Vanuatu

* International organizations * Defunct passports * Passport types

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

* European Union laissez-passer * International Committee of the Red Cross * Interpol * United Nations laissez-passer

DEFUNCT

* British Indian Empire 1 * Czechoslovakia * East Germany * Korean Empire * Nansen (refugee) * Mandatory Palestine * Rhodesia * Soviet Union 12 * UNMIK Travel Document * Yugoslavia

TYPES

* Biometric * Camouflage * Diplomatic * Fake * Fantasy passport * Hajj * Horse * Internal * International * Machine-readable * Pet

* Travel document

* alien * refugee * stateless person

* World

NOTES

1 A) Includes Crown dependencies , British Overseas Territories , and former British plantations, crown colonies, colonies, protectorates, protected states, mandates, trust territories and other British possessions .

1 B) The Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey are not part of the European Union, but Manxmen and Channel Islanders are citizens of the European Union ; the Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey, and Manxmen and Channel Islanders themselves (unless they qualify and apply for recognition of a change in status), are however excluded from the benefits of the Four Freedoms of the European Union .

1 C) The Government of the United Kingdom also issue passports to British nationals who are not British citizens with the right of abode in the United Kingdom and who are also not otherwise citizens of the European Union.

2 Non-EU country that has open border with Schengen Area .

3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in European Russia , therefore Russia as a whole is included as a European country here.

4 Turkey is a transcontinental country in the Middle East and Southeast Europe. Turkey has a small part of its territory (3%) in Southeast Europe called Turkish Thrace .

5 Azerbaijan and Georgia (Abkhazia ; South Ossetia ) are transcontinental countries. Both have a small part of their territories in the European part of the Caucasus .

6 Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country. Kazakhstan has a small part of its territories located west of the Urals in Eastern Europe.

7 Armenia (Nagorno-Karabakh ) and Cyprus (Northern Cyprus ) are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.

8 Egypt is a transcontinental country in North Africa and Western Asia. Egypt has a small part of its territory in Western Asia called Sinai Peninsula .

9 Partially recognized.

10 Not recognized by any other state.

11 Special administrative regions of China 12 The Soviet Union was a transcontinental country located in Eurasia

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