British Council is a British organisation specialising in
international cultural and educational opportunities. It works in over
100 countries: promoting a wider knowledge of the United Kingdom and
the English language; encouraging cultural, scientific, technological
and educational co-operation with the United Kingdom; and changing
people’s lives through access to education, skills, qualifications,
culture and society.
British Council is a charity registered in Great Britain and
Scotland, and is governed by Royal Charter. It is also a public
corporation and an executive nondepartmental public body (NDPB),
sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Its headquarters are
off Trafalgar Square. Its chairman is Christopher Rodrigues, its CEO
Ciarán Devane and its chief operating officer is Adrian Greer.
2 Locations by region and country
2.2 East Asia
2.3 European Union
2.4 Middle East and North Africa
2.5 South Asia
2.6 Sub-Saharan Africa
2.7 Wider Europe
4 Notable activity
4.1 English and examinations
4.1.1 Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
4.1.2 English for peace
4.2 Mobility programmes
4.2.1 Education UK
4.3.1 Connecting Classrooms
4.4 Arts and culture
4.4.1 UK-India Year of Culture
4.4.4 The Selector
4.5 Cultural and Educational Exchange with North Korea
5 Other activities
Love's Labours Lost
Love's Labours Lost – British Council-supported
5.2 Young Creative Entrepreneur Awards
6.2 Israel and Palestine
6.3 Dissident Chinese writers
6.6 In literature
6.9 English and examinations
6.10 Connecting Classrooms
8 Trade unions
British Council Partnership
9.2 List of
British Council Approved Centres
10 See also
12 External links
1934: British Foreign Office officials created the "British Committee
for Relations with Other Countries" to support English education
abroad, promote British culture and fight the rise of fascism. The
name quickly became
British Council for Relations with Other
1936: The organisation’s name was officially shortened to the
British Council opens its first four offices in Bucharest
Lisbon (Portugal) and Warsaw
(Poland). the offices in Portugal are currently the oldest
in continuous operation in the world.
1940: King George VI granted the
British Council a
Royal Charter for
promoting "a wider knowledge of [the United Kingdom] and the English
language abroad and developing closer cultural relations between [the
UK] and other countries".
British Council undertook a promotion of British culture
overseas. The music section of the project was a recording of
significant recent compositions by British composers: E.J. Moeran's
Symphony in G minor was the first work to be recorded under this
initiative, followed by recordings of Walton's Belshazzar's Feast,
Bliss's Piano Concerto, Bax's Third Symphony, and Elgar's The Dream
British Council in
1944: In August, after the liberation of Paris, Austin Gill was sent
by the council to reestablish the Paris office, which soon had tours
Old Vic company,
Julian Huxley and T. S. Eliot.
2007: The Russian Foreign Ministry ordered the
British Council to
close its offices outside Moscow. The Ministry alleged that it had
violated Russian tax regulations, a move that British officials
claimed was a retaliation over the British expulsion of Russian
diplomats allegedly involved with the poisoning of Alexander
Litvinenko. This caused the
British Council to cease carrying out
all English-language examinations in Russia from January 2008. In
early 2009, a Russian arbitration court ruled that the majority of the
tax claims, valued at $6.6 million, were unjustified.
2011: On 19 August, a group of armed men attacked the British Council
office in the Afghanistan capital, Kabul, killing at least 12 people
– none of them British – and temporarily took over the compound.
All the attackers were killed in counter-attacks by forces guarding
the compound. The
British Council office was relocated to the
British Embassy compound, as the
British Council compound was
destroyed in the suicide attack.
British Council in Tripoli, Libya, was targeted by a car
bomb on the morning of 23 April. Diplomatic sources were reported as
saying that "the bombers were foiled as they were preparing to park a
rigged vehicle in front of the compound gate". The attempted
attack was simultaneous with the attack on the French Embassy in
Tripoli on the same day that injured two French security guards, one
severely, and wounded several residents in neighbouring houses. A
jihadist group calling itself the Mujahedeen Brigade was suspected
possibly linked to
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.
Locations by region and country
British Council is organised into seven Regions.
British Council has offices in: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile,
Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad, the United States of
America, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
British Council has offices in: Australia, Brunei, Burma, China,
India, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines,
Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and New Zealand.
British Council has offices in: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.
Middle East and North Africa
British Council has offices in: Egypt, Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Israel, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
British Council has offices in: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India,
Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
British Council has offices in: Botswana, Cameroon, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia,
Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, South
Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rwanda and Uganda.
British Council has offices in: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kosovo,
Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine
British Council is a charity governed by Royal Charter. It is also
a public corporation and an executive nondepartmental public body
(NDPB), sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Its
headquarters are off Trafalgar Square, London. Its chair is
Christopher Rodrigues, its CEO is Sir
Ciarán Devane and chief
operating officer Adrian Greer.
The British Council’s total income in 2014–15 was £973 million
principally made up of £154.9 million grant-in-aid received from the
Foreign and Commonwealth Office; £637 million income from fees and
teaching and examinations services; and £164 million from
British Council works in more than 100 countries: promoting a
wider knowledge of the UK and the English language; encouraging
cultural, scientific, technological and educational understanding and
co-operation; changing people’s lives through access to UK
education, skills, qualifications, culture and society; and attracting
people who matter to the future of the UK and engaging them with the
UK’s culture, educational opportunities and its diverse, modern,
In 2014–15 the
British Council spent: £489 million developing a
wider knowledge of the English language; £238 million encouraging
educational co-operation and promoting the advancement of education;
£155 million building capacity for social change; £80 million
encouraging cultural, scientific and technological co-operation; and
£10 million on governance, tax and trading expenses.
English and examinations
British Council offers face-to-face teaching in more than 80
teaching centres in more than 50 countries 
Three million candidates took UK examinations with the British Council
in more than 850 towns and cities in 2014–15.
British Council helps to run the global
IELTS English test
British Council jointly runs the global
standardised test with
University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations and
IDP Education Australia. Over 2.5 million
IELTS tests were
delivered in 2014–15.
Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
In 2014, the
British Council launched its first MOOC Exploring
English: Language and Culture on the UK social learning platform
FutureLearn. This was accessed by over 230,000 people.
English for peace
"Peacekeeping English" is a collaboration between the British Council,
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Ministry of Defence to
improve the English-language skills of military personnel through the
Peacekeeping English Project (PEP). PEP is helping train approximately
50,000 military and police service personnel in 28 countries, amongst
them Libya, Ethiopia and Georgia.
In 2013, the
British Council relaunched the global website Education
UK for international students interested in a UK education. The site
receives 2.2 million visitors per year and includes a search tool
for UK courses and scholarships, advice and articles about living and
studying in the UK.
From 2014 to 2020, the
British Council and Ecorys UK will jointly
administer almost €1 billion of the €14.7 billion
Erasmus+ programme offering education, training, youth and sport
opportunity for young people in the UK. It is expected that nearly
250,000 will undertake activities abroad with the programme.
Over 16,000 schools have taken part in an international school
partnership or benefited from teacher training through the British
Council Connecting Classrooms programmes.
Arts and culture
UK-India Year of Culture
UK-India Year of Culture official launch image on the façade of
Her Majesty The Queen hosted the official launch of the UK India Year
of Culture on 27 February 2017 at Buckingham Palace, with Indian
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley representing Prime Minister Narendra
British Council worked with the Palace and British-Indian
start-up Studio Carrom to project a peacock, India's national bird,
onto the facade of Buckingham Palace.
In 2015, the
British Council launched fiveFilms4freedom a free,
online, 10-day LGBT film festival with the British Film Institute
supported by the UN Free & Equal campaign. It was the first global
online LGBT film festival. The festival runs a 24-hour campaign to
ask people to watch a movie and show that love is a human right. In
2016, films were viewed by over 1.5m people in 179 countries.
In October 2015 the
British Council announced a global programme with
the BBC, British Film Institute, the National Theatre, the Royal
Shakespeare Company, the
Shakespeare 400 consortium, the Shakespeare
Birthplace Trust and
Shakespeare's Globe to celebrate Shakespeare's
life and work on the 400th anniversary of this death.
The Selector is a weekly two-hour radio show, which is sponsored
by the British Council.
The Selector is an international showcase for
new music from the United Kingdom, covering a variety of genres
including indie, dubstep, folk, soul and hip hop, and features
interviews, guest DJ mixes and exclusive live sessions. It avoids many
mainstream acts, in favour of emerging talent and underground styles.
With an audience estimated to be in excess of 3 million listeners, The
Selector is syndicated to 33 countries around the world including
Mexico, China, Colombia, Israel, Poland, Malawi, Hungary, Indonesia
The English version of
The Selector is presented by
Goldierocks and is
broadcast in numerous non-anglophone countries around the world. The
show is also syndicated in a kit form, allowing non-English speaking
presenters to create unique versions of
The Selector in their native
language. In Indonesia, for example,
The Selector occupies a section
on the popular Now Generation show, presented by Dewi Hanafi on
Trax101.4FM in Jakarta. The show is also sometimes recorded
overseas—in 2010, it was recorded together with partner stations in
Mexico, Mauritius and Kazakhstan.
Cultural and Educational Exchange with North Korea
British Council has been running a teacher training programme in
North Korea since 2001. In July 2014 the
British Council signed a
Memorandum of Understanding with the Democratic People’s Republic of
Korea (DPRK) for cultural and educational exchange.
Love's Labours Lost
Love's Labours Lost – British Council-supported
Shakespeare play in
The British Council-supported production of
Love's Labours Lost
Love's Labours Lost in
2005 was the first performance of a
Shakespeare play in Afghanistan in
more than 17 years. The play was performed in the
Afghan language of
Young Creative Entrepreneur Awards
British Council Young Creative Entrepreneurs identify and support
talented people from across the creative industries such as the
International Young Publisher of the Year, International Young Design
Entrepreneur of the Year, International Young Music Entrepreneur of
the Year and
British Council West Africa Arts Program ~ Creative
Entrepreneurs 2018 awards. 
This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the
article's neutral point of view of the subject. Please integrate the
section's contents into the article as a whole, or rewrite the
material. (August 2013)
Conservative MP Mark Lancaster, now Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury,
the then Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin, and other MPs
were involved in rows over expenses incurred on undisclosed
British Council trips.
In June 2010, the British Council's then Chief Executive, Martin
Davidson, faced press criticism for expenses claimed in apparent
breach of the British Council's own internal rules for overnight stays
Israel and Palestine
British Council has been a primary partner of the Palestine
Festival of Literature since the Festival's beginning in 2008. In
2009, the Israeli police, acting on a court order, closed down the
venue scheduled to host the Festival's closing event since there was
Palestinian Authority involvement, but the
British Council stepped in
and the evening was relocated to its grounds.
British Council supports the festival, also known as PalFest. A
controversial issue arose in 2012, because PalFest's website states
that they endorse the "2004 Palestinian call for the academic and
cultural boycott of Israel". Susanna Nicklin, the council's director
of literature said in response: "The
British Council is a
non-political organisation, and we believe that international cultural
exchange makes a powerful contribution to a more peaceful, tolerant
and prosperous world. Therefore the
British Council does not support
cultural or academic boycotts."
Dissident Chinese writers
In April 2012, the
British Council faced a storm of protest over the
exclusion of dissident Chinese writers from The London Book Fair in
2012. Critics included English PEN and journalist
Nick Cohen writing
in The Observer, as well as Alastair Niven, a former Literature
Director of The
British Council itself.
In March 2007, the
British Council announced its "intention to
increase its investment in the Middle East, North Africa and Central
and Southern Asia. This will largely be funded by cuts in other
services, libraries and office closures across Europe."[citation
needed][needs update] In June 2007, MPs were told of further closures
Tel Aviv and
East Jerusalem (where there had been a British Council
Library since 1946). The
British Council libraries in Athens and
in Belgrade are also to close. Similarly in India, the British
Council Libraries at
Trivandrum were closed despite
protests from library users as part of the Council's policy to "reduce
its physical presence" in the country and to divert funds to mega
projects in the fields of culture, education, science and
British Council libraries and offices have also been closed in a
number of other countries judged by the
British Council to be of
little strategic or commercial importance, as it refocused its
activities on China and the
Persian Gulf area.
Council offices were closed in Lesotho, Swaziland, Ecuador and
provincial Länder in Germany in 2000–2001 – as well as Belarus
– prompting Parliamentary criticism. Subsequent promises by British
Neil Kinnock to a conference in Edinburgh that the
Belarus closure would hopefully prove to be just a "temporary"
withdrawal proved illusory. The
British Council office in Peru also
closed in September 2006 as part of a rethink of its strategy in Latin
America. In Italy
British Council closed its offices in
Bologna, and reduced the size of offices in
Milan and Rome (with the
closure of the library in the latter).
Charles Arnold-Baker, author of the
Companion to British History said
of the British Council's shift in priorities: "This whole policy is
misconstrued from top to bottom. We are going somewhere where we can't
succeed and neglecting our friends in Europe who wish us well. The
only people who are going to read our books in
The article also points out that the
Alliance française and the
Goethe-Institut, unlike the British Council, are both expanding and
replenishing libraries Europe-wide. France opened its new library in
Tel Aviv in 2007, just a few months after the
British Council closed
there and shut down the
British Council library in West Jerusalem.
In Gaza, the
Institut français supports the Gaza municipal library in
partnership with the local authority and a municipal twinning link
Gaza City and the French port of Dunkerque. In Oslo
British Council informs Norwegian callers that "our office is not open
to the public and we do not have an enquiry service". Goethe
Institute also has a more visible presence in
Glasgow than the British
Council. There is now, in contrast, only one British Council
office left in Germany – and that is in Berlin.
Formally it is to its sponsoring department, the Foreign and
Commonwealth Office, that the UK Parliamentary Table Office refers any
parliamentary questions about the British Council.
The effectiveness of
British Council efforts to promote higher
education in China was examined in the UK by the House of Commons
Select Committee on Education and Skills in a report issued in August
2007. It expressed concern that in terms of joint educational
programmes involving Chinese universities, the UK lagged behind
Australia, USA, Hong Kong, Canada and France. In its evidence to this
British Council had argued that "UK degrees are highly
valued by international students for their global recognition.
International students adopt an essentially utilitarian view of higher
education which is likely to increasingly involve consideration of
value for money, including opting for programmes at least partly
delivered offshore". As their preferred marketing 'model', the British
Council gave the example of India where their UK India Education and
Research Initiative is being 'championed' by British multinational
oil companies such as BP and Shell, the pharmaceutical giant GSK and
arms company BAE Systems.
British Council marketing efforts in this area have also
come from Scotland where
The Sunday Herald
The Sunday Herald obtained documents under
the Freedom of Information Act showing that the British Council's
Marketing Co-ordinator in the USA had been referring to the University
of Stirling as 'The University of Sterling' (sic) and also documenting
'tensions' between Scottish Executive civil servants and British
Council in India and China over overseas promotion of universities in
Scotland where education is a devolved responsibility. The Sunday
Herald reported that these turf wars were undermining the Scottish
Executive's key Fresh Talent policy.
Some of the activities of the
British Council were examined in 2007/08
by the National Audit Office (NAO). The NAO's report, The British
Council: Achieving Impact, concluded "that the British Council’s
performance is strong and valued by its customers and
stakeholders". It also concluded, however, that its English
classes are elitist and have unfair advantages over commercial
providers, as well as questioning thousands of unanswered phone-calls
and e-mails to
British Council offices.
As part of its examination of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Annual Report, the Foreign Affairs Committee spends an hour each year
examining witnesses from the
British Council but even this level of
scrutiny is undermined by a Commons ruling exempting MPs from the
requirement to declare overseas trips paid for by The British
Two members of the Public Accounts Committee (
Nigel Griffiths MP and
Ian Davidson MP) were office-bearers in the
British Council Associate
Nigel Griffiths MP was Vice-Chair of this
British Council lobby group until stepping down as an MP following a
sex scandal on House of Commons premises being exposed by a Sunday
In 2008 the
British Council was called before the Public Accounts
Committee (PAC) following earlier publication of a National Audit
Office report. The subsequent PAC report confirmed that Nigel
Griffiths MP – Vice Chair of The
British Council Associate
Parliamentary Group – was part of the small number of PAC members
who approved this report on the
British Council despite not having
been recorded as being present during the evidence session – in June
2008 – where the British Council's Chief Executive was
cross-examined. Mr Griffiths had earlier travelled to Russia and
spoke favourably of
British Council activities there in January 1998
around the time that their man in St Petersburg (Stephen Kinnock) was
In April 2009 the
British Council was told to clean up its act by the
Information Commissioner after losing staff data that included details
of their trade union affiliations and lying about the encryption
status of the computer disc lost.
Following the accusations made against the
British Council in Russia
(see above) Trevor Royle, the experienced Diplomatic Editor of The
Sunday Herald quoted a 'British diplomatic source' admitting: "There
is a widespread assumption that The
British Council is a wing of our
Secret Intelligence Services, however minor. Officially it is no such
thing but there are connections. Why should it be otherwise because
all information is invaluable? After all, the
British Council also
deals with trade missions and inevitably that involves low-grade
In 2005, along with the Alliance française, the Società Dante
Alighieri, the Goethe-Institut, the Instituto Cervantes, and the
Instituto Camões, the
British Council shared in the Prince of
Asturias Award for the outstanding achievements of Western Europe's
national cultural agencies in communications and the humanities. At
the time of this joint award the full extent of The British Council's
closure policies in Europe was not yet public knowledge.
Royle also goes on to note that the novel
The Russia House
The Russia House by John Le
Carré (former consular official David Cornwell) opens with a
reference to The British Council. The organisation's "first ever audio
fair for the teaching of the English language and the spread of
British culture" is "grinding to its excruciating end" and one of its
officials is packing away his stuff when he is approached by an
attractive Russian woman to undertake clandestine delivery of a
manuscript which she claims is a novel to an English publisher who she
says is 'her friend'!
It is also featured in one of the scenes in Graham Greene's The Third
Man – the character Crabbin, played by
Wilfrid Hyde-White in the
film, worked for The British Council. In 1946, the writer George
Orwell advised serious authors not to work for it as a day-job arguing
that "the effort [of writing] is too much to make if one has already
squandered one's energies on semi-creative work such as teaching,
broadcasting or composing propaganda for bodies such as the British
Council". In her autobiography, Dame Stella Rimington, the first
woman head of MI5, mentions working for
British Council in India prior
to joining the British Intelligence Services.
British Council has been referred to (and its man on-station,
Goole) – frequently in a humorous way by
Lawrence Durrell in his
collection of anecdotes about a diplomat's life on foreign postings
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office – Antrobus Complete.
In the six Olivia Manning novels that make up The Balkan Trilogy and
The Levant Trilogy, Guy Pringle is an employee of the British Council,
and Council politics make up several of the plot points. The books are
a fascinating look at Eastern Europe and the Middle East in the
opening years of World War Two.
The role of
British Council in Burma in 1947 came under scrutiny with
release of classified documents to a
BBC investigation by journalist
Feargal Keane into the role of dissident British colonial officials in
the assassination of the then Burmese independence leader Aung San
Aung San Su Kyi). The
BBC programme quoted from a 1948
document sent by the Chief of Police in Rangoon to the British
Ambassador stating their belief that there had been British
involvement in the assassination of
Aung San and his Cabinet for which
one of his political opponents was hanged and that "the go-between"
had been a
British Council official named in the programme.
In August 2011 a journalist from The Irish Times discovered a
certificate dated 2007 issued by the
British Council in
Tripoli to a
daughter of President Gadaffi who had previously been said to have
been killed in a US raid on Gadaffi's residence in 1986.
English and examinations
In July 2011 the Hong Kong edition of China Daily reported on the
flourishing "ghost-writing" industry that critics suggest has sprung
up around the
IELTS tests in China.
IELTS corruption scandal in Western Australia resulted in
prosecutions in November 2011.
In January 2012 the press in Pakistan reported that the Federal
Investigations Agency was investigating a
British Council visa scam
associated with their "Connecting Classrooms" programme.
The Council has been chaired by:
1934–37 Lord Tyrrell
1937–41 Lord Lloyd
1941–45 Sir Malcolm Robertson
1946–55 Sir Ronald Adam
1955–59 Sir David Kelly
1959–67 Lord Bridges
1968–71 Lord Fulton
1971–72 Sir Leslie Rowan
1972–76 Lord Ballantrae
1977–84 Sir Charles Troughton
1985–92 Sir David Orr
1992–98 Sir Martin Jacomb
1998–2004 Baroness Kennedy of The Shaws
2004–09 Lord Kinnock
2010–16 Sir Vernon Ellis
2016–present Christopher Rodrigues
Some staff at the
British Council are members of unions. Some
employees in Japan belong to the General Union.
Media in Education and Development
ISO 4 abbreviation
Media Educ. Dev.
From 1967 to 1989 the
British Council published the journal Media in
Education and Development.
Initially titled CETO news, ISSN 0574-9409, it became Educational
Television International: a journal of the Centre for Educational
Television Overseas, ISSN 0424-6128, in March 1967 (volume 1, issue
1). The journal changed its name again, in March 1971, to
Educational Broadcasting International: a journal of the Centre for
Educational Development Overseas, ISSN 0013-1970 (volume 5, issue
1). Its final name change was to Media in Education and
Development, ISSN 0262-0251, in December 1981 (volume 14 issue 4).
The final issue went to print in 1989 (volume 22).
British Council Partnership
British Council Approved Centres
British Study Centres
United Kingdom portal
British Council in Algeria
Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL)
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British Council Romania -
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The Selector - British Council
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North Korea cultural ties - British
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BBC NEWS - Middle East - Police shut Palestinian theatre in
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British Council brings more shame on us", The
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British Council is wrong in its attitude to China", The
Observer, 22 April 2012.
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Neil Kinnock at the Edinburgh Festival of Politics (from about
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moved first to
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro in Brazil then repatriated back to
London HQ. Hansard Column WA130, 26 June 2006.
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British Council quits
Europe to woo Muslim world". The Observer. Retrieved 3 January
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British Council is bridging gaps". Letter to The
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Goethe-Institut United Kingdom".
^ Other Lander offices closed Archived 30 September 2008 at the
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^ Promoting higher education in China
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at the Wayback Machine.
^ BAe Systems investigation Boston Globe, 27 June 2007.
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International cultural promotion organisations
Brazil: Brazilian Cultural Center
Colombia: Instituto Caro y Cuervo
United States: Amerika Haus
China: Confucius Institute
India: Indian Council for Cultural Relations
Japan: Japan Foundation
Philippines: Sentro Rizal
South Korea: Korea Foundation; Korean Cultural Center; King Sejong
Taiwan: Taiwan Academy
Andorra: Ramon Llull Foundation
Czech Republic: Czech Centres
Denmark: Danish Cultural Institute
Estonia: Estonian Institute
European Union: EUNIC
Finland: Finnish cultural and academic institutes
France: Alliance Française; Institut Français
Greece: Center for the Greek Language; Hellenic Foundation for Culture
Hungary: Balassi Institute
Italy: Società Dante Alighieri; Istituto Italiano di Cultura
Poland: Adam Mickiewicz Institute
Portugal: Instituto Camões
Romania: Romanian Cultural Institute
Russia: Russkiy Mir Foundation
Spain: Instituto Cervantes
Switzerland: Pro Helvetia
Sweden: Swedish Institute
Turkey: Yunus Emre Institute