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BRITISH HIT SINGLES & ALBUMS (originally known as THE GUINNESS BOOK OF BRITISH HIT SINGLES and THE GUINNESS BOOK OF BRITISH HIT ALBUMS) was a music reference book originally published in the United Kingdom by the publishing arm of the Guinness
Guinness
breweries, Guinness Superlatives. Later editions were published by Guinness
Guinness
World Records and HiT Entertainment
HiT Entertainment
. It listed all the singles and albums featured in the Top 75 pop charts in the UK . In 2004 the book became an amalgamation of two earlier Guinness
Guinness
publications, originally known as BRITISH HIT SINGLES and BRITISH HIT ALBUMS. The publication of this amalgamation ceased in 2008. A new version of the book published by Virgin and entitled The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles , first published in November 2008.

The first ten editions were compiled by Paul Gambaccini , Mike Read and brothers Tim Rice and Jonathan "Jo" Rice . Read left the team in the mid-1980s and the other editors resigned in 1996. Chart editor for many editions was David Roberts.

CONTENTS

* 1 Content

* 2 History

* 2.1 1977–1996 original editors * 2.2 1997–2006 * 2.3 Features in each edition

* 3 Associated merchandise * 4 References and further reading * 5 External links

CONTENT

British Hit Singles ">'s 150 and Melody Maker's 200. As a result, the placings in that chart were more open to error and manipulation – a situation further worsened by the larger number of records listed in the chart.

HISTORY

1977–1996 ORIGINAL EDITORS

The cover of the 1989 7th edition of the Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles

The first edition was published as The Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles in July 1977. It wasn't the first Guinness
Guinness
music reference publication, as the previous year a book called The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Music Facts & Feats had been published. It also contained feats from the world of classical music .

The first edition was issued to coincide with the 25th anniversary of the first UK singles sales chart, which was published in November 1952, by the New Musical Express
New Musical Express
. Subsequently, a new edition was published every two years, adding a few hundred titles to each edition.

Keeping in line with the book's parent publication The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Records, each edition of British Hit Singles also contained a 'facts and feats' section, which included various lists of remarkable chart feats such as 'Most hits', 'Most no. 1 hits', 'Most weeks on chart' or 'Least successful chart artist'. Also included in the books were photographs (often with captions) and introductions written by the four authors. They also wrote a bi-annual lookback on the major developments in the UK charts in the two preceding years.

The series was soon regarded as the number one source for music and chart reference, thanks to the commercial success of the books and its various sister publications (see below).

The series' 10th edition, published in June 1995, was the last to feature its original authors Rice, Rice and Gambaccini. From the 11th edition onwards, the book was compiled by in-house editors at Guinness Publishing and, later, by David Roberts who had already been a chart editor and designer for the original team.

1997–2006

From the 12th edition onwards (published in 1999), the book was published every year rather than bi-annually. In 2004, the book merged with The Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Albums to form The Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. The eighteenth edition of the book (2005) was billed as a " Special
Special
Collector's Edition" as it featured detailed information on the 1,000 Number Ones in the UK Singles Chart from Al Martino
Al Martino
's " Here in My Heart " on 14 November 1952 to Elvis Presley 's "One Night / I Got Stung" (Limited Edition Collector's re-issue), 22 January 2005. The 19th edition (2006) was the last in the series. A supposed 20th edition was due to be published in 2007, but apparently the original publishers lost interest in chart reference books after their contract with The Official Charts Company expired, which saw that organisation sell the contract to Virgin.

FEATURES IN EACH EDITION

EDITION PUBLICATION DATE PUBLISHER AND ISBN EXTRA FEATURES EDITOR

1 1977 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-900424-83-4 Short history of the UK charts Unknown

2 1979 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-900424-99-0 British Hit Singles

Part 1 Alphabetical by Artist

Part 2 Alphabetical by Title................................- Act, (position) & year of chart entry

Part 3 Facts and Feats ............. (headings shown on front index sheet - not listed *)

..The first ever chart ...........................................- 14th November 1952 NMExpress

..Most weeks on chart ........................................ - rank, Act, weeks.

..Most hits .......................................................... - qty, Act, any supporting artist(s).

..Most Top Ten hits ............................................ - qty, Act, any supporting artist(s).

..The Number One hits ...................................... - by year, by month, title, Act.

..Most hits in one year ...................................... - Act, qty.

..Most Number One hits ..................................... - qty, Act.

..Number One hat-tricks ..................................... - Act, qty, title thro' to title.

..One-hit Wonders ............................................. - Act, weeks.

..Least successful chart acts ............................. - (1 week @ 50) Act, title, year.

..Most hits without a Number One hit ................. - qty, Act.

.* Most Top Ten hits without a Number One hit .. - qty, Act.

..Most consecutive years on the charts ............. - qty, Act, period.

..Most weeks at Number One (for one disc) ...... - weeks, title, Act, year.

.......................................................(by Act)....... - weeks, Act, year.

.......................(by Act in one calendar year)...... - weeks, Act, year.

..Most weeks on charts - recordings (by title)..... - weeks, Act.

..Most popular songs (by title) ..... - times recorded, Act, chart place. Mike Charlwood

3 1981 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-85112-224-8 Front cover montage of artists with most weeks on chart in each calendar year. Dedicated to John Lennon
John Lennon
. Feature on the three-hour temporary stay at number 1 in 1976 by Manuel and the Music of the Mountains ' "Rodrigo\'s Guitar Concerto d\'Aranjuez ". Top 100 chart hits of all time, calculated on a points system. Winners and British entries in Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
each year. List of favourite singles of various chart artists. Alex Reid, Melanie Georgi & Peter Matthews

4 1983 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-85112-259-0 Cover painting (by Robert Heesom) featuring 50 song titles. Chart analysis of 1981 and 1982. Alex E. Reid

5 1985 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-85112-429-1 New lay out and typeset. Launch of the GRRR Golden Hitline (telephone line featuring music). Dedicated to Bob Geldof
Bob Geldof
, Midge Ure and all artists featured in Band Aid . Chart analysis of 1983 and 1984. Alex E. Reid

6 1987 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-85112-823-8 First edition without Mike Read. First edition to sport the new British Hit Singles logo (and also used in all subsequent editions). Chart analysis of 1985 and 1986. Honor Head (Editorial Associates: Nick Todd and Alan Golub)

7 1989 Guinness
Guinness
Superlatives - 0-85112-339-2 Chart analysis of 1987 and 1988. Honor Head (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)

8 1991 Guinness
Guinness
Publishing - 0-85112-941-2 Chart analysis of 1989 and 1990. David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)

9 1993 GRR Publications - 0-85112-526-3 Tagline "Now a million seller" added. For the first time, all hits by the same artist were combined (previously, solo hits and collaborations such as duets were listed separately). Chart analysis of 1991 and 1992. David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)

10 1995 GRR Publications - 0-85112-633-2 New typeset. Chart analysis of 1993 and 1994. David Roberts (Editorial Associate: Tony Brown)

11 1997 Guinness
Guinness
Publishing - 0-85112-027-X First edition not made by the Gambaccini/Rice/Rice team. From now on, book was compiled and edited by in-house staff at Guinness, with Helen Weller listed as editor. Introduction written by Mark Lamarr . Helen Weller

12 1999 Guinness
Guinness
Publishing - 0-85112-092-X From now on, book was published annually. New typeset and lay out. More news and reviews stories with introduction written by Dave McAleer . Revamped 'facts and feats' section with many new records. Jane Bolton (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

13 2000 Guinness
Guinness
Publishing - 0-85112-111-X News and reviews from the year 1999. David Roberts

14 2001 Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 0-85112-156-X News and reviews from 2000. 'Facts and feats' section reduced to one page ("Top 10 Record-Breaking Facts"), but trivia added to list of every Number One since 1952. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

15 2002 Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 0-85112-187-X Special
Special
'gold' edition celebrating 50 years of UK singles charts and 25 years of British Hit Singles. Review of 2001. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

16 2003 Hit Entertainment/ Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 0-85112-190-X Pop review of the year 2002. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

17 2004 Hit Entertainment/ Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 0-85112-199-3 For the first time, singles and albums were combined in one volume. Singles were listed in black typeface, albums in red. Review of the year 2003. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

18 2005 Hit Entertainment/ Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 1-904994-00-8 Special
Special
edition celebrating 1,000 UK Number One hits (1952-2005). Review of the year 2004. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

19 2006 Hit Entertainment/ Guinness
Guinness
World Records - 1-904994-10-5 A "Number One Timeline" running throughout the book, listing every number one single and album since 1952. Final book in the series. David Roberts (Chief Consultant: Dave McAleer)

ASSOCIATED MERCHANDISE

Following the success of the Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles series, the original authors and Guinness
Guinness
quickly turned to other charts-related books and projects. The following books were written by them:

* The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Hits of the 70s (1980) * The Guinness
Guinness
Book of 500 Number One Hits (1982) * The Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Albums (first issued in 1983, second edition in 1986 with bi-annual updates until 1996) * The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Hits of the 60s (1984) * The Guinness
Guinness
Hits Challenge (a pop quiz book) (1984) * The Guinness
Guinness
Hits Challenge 2 (1985) * The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Number One Hits (2nd edition) (1988) * UK Top 1000 Singles (1988) * Hits of the 80s (1990) * The Guinness
Guinness
Hits Quiz (1990) * Guinness
Guinness
Top 40 Charts (1992) * The Guinness
Guinness
Hits Quiz 2 (1992) * UK Top 1000 Singles 2 (1993) * The Guinness
Guinness
Book of Number One Hits (3rd edition) (1994) * Guinness
Guinness
Top 40 Charts 2 (1996)

In the late 1990s and 2000s several other merchandise was produced, such as karaoke CDs, a calendar, a DVD quiz (British Hit Albums and Singles No. 1 Music Quiz) and a series of themed compilation CDs with original hits from the book.

REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING

* Roberts, David. Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. Guinness
Guinness
World Records Ltd. 18th edition (May 2005). ISBN 1-904994-00-8 * Roberts, David. Guinness
Guinness
Book of British Hit Singles & Albums. Guinness
Guinness
World Records Ltd. 19th edition (June 2006). ISBN 1-904994-10-5 * Roach, Martin. The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles. Virgin Books (Nov. 2008). ISBN 0-7535-1537-7 * McAleer, Dave. The Virgin Book of British Hit Singles - Volume 2. Virgin Books (Nov. 2010). ISBN 978-0-7535-2245-5

EXTERNAL

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