Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (French: [bʁiʒit baʁˈdo];
born 28 September 1934) is a French actress, singer, dancer, and
fashion model, who later became an animal rights activist. She was one
of the best known sex symbols of the 1950s and 1960s and was widely
referred to by her initials, B.B.
Bardot was an aspiring ballerina in her early life. She started her
acting career in 1952. She achieved international recognition in 1957
after starring in the controversial film And God Created Woman. Bardot
caught the attention of French intellectuals. She was the subject of
Simone de Beauvoir's 1959 essay, The Lolita Syndrome, which described
Bardot as a "locomotive of women's history" and built upon
existentialist themes to declare her the first and most liberated
woman of post-war France. She later starred in Jean-Luc Godard's
1963 film Le Mépris. For her role in Louis Malle's 1965 film Viva
Maria! Bardot was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Foreign
Actress. From 1969 to 1978, Bardot was the official face of Marianne
(who had previously been anonymous) to represent the liberty of
Bardot retired from the entertainment industry in 1973. During her
career in show business, she starred in 47 films, performed in several
musical shows and recorded over 60 songs. She was awarded the Legion
of Honour in 1985 but refused to accept it. After her retirement,
she established herself as an animal rights activist. During the
2000s, she generated controversy by criticizing immigration and Islam
in France and has been fined five times for inciting racial
1.1 Early life : 1934-1952
1.2 Career : 1952-1973
1.2.2 The Truth
1.2.3 International films
1.2.4 Final films
1.2.5 Singing career
Animal welfare activism : 1973-present
2 Personal life
2.1 La Madrague
2.4 Politics and legal issues
3 Influence in pop culture
9 External links
Early life : 1934-1952
Bardot was born a brunette in Paris, the daughter of Louis Bardot
(1896–1975) and Anne-Marie "Toty" Bardot (née Mucel; 1912–1978).
Louis had an engineering degree and worked with his father, Charles
Bardot, in the family business. Louis and Anne-Marie married in 1933.
Bardot grew up in an upper middle-class
Roman Catholic observant
home. When she was seven she was admitted to the Cours Hattemer, a
private school. She went to school three days a week, and otherwise
studied at home. This gave time for lessons at Madame Bourget's dance
studio three days a week. Brigitte's mother also enrolled
Brigitte's younger sister, Marie-Jeanne (born 5 May 1938), in dance.
Marie-Jeanne eventually gave up dancing lessons and did not tell her
mother, whereas Brigitte concentrated on ballet. In 1947, Bardot was
accepted to the Conservatoire de Paris. For three years she attended
ballet classes by Russian choreographer Boris Knyazev. One of her
classmates was Leslie Caron. The other ballerinas nicknamed Bardot
"Bichette" ("Little Doe").
At the invitation of an acquaintance of her mother, she modelled in a
fashion show in 1949. In the same year, she modelled for a fashion
magazine "Jardin des Modes" managed by journalist Hélène Lazareff.
Aged 15, she appeared on an 8 March 1950 cover of Elle and was
noticed by a young film director, Roger Vadim, while babysitting. He
showed an issue of the magazine to director and screenwriter Marc
Allégret, who offered Bardot the opportunity to audition for Les
lauriers sont coupés. Although Bardot got the role, the film was
cancelled but made her consider becoming an actress. Her relationship
with Vadim, who attended the audition, influenced her further life and
Career : 1952-1973
Bardot on the set of Come dance with Me! in 1959.
Bardot debuted in a highly popular comedy film starring Bourvil, Le
Trou Normand (1952) (English title: Crazy for Love).
She played the lead in
Manina, the Girl in the Bikini
Manina, the Girl in the Bikini (1953) from
director Willy Rozier. She had a small role in
The Long Teeth
The Long Teeth (1953),
playing Vadim's wife, then had a leading role in a comedy starring
His Father's Portrait
His Father's Portrait (1953).
Bardot had a small role in a Hollywood-financed film being shot in
Paris, Act of Love (1953), starring Kirk Douglas. She received media
attention when she attended the
Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival in April
Bardot had a leading role in an Italian melodrama, Concert of Intrigue
(1954) and in a French adventure film,
Caroline and the Rebels
Caroline and the Rebels (1954).
She had a good part as a flirtatious student in School for Love
Jean Marais for director Marc Allegret.
Bardot played her first sizeable English language role in Doctor at
Sea (1955), as the love interest for Dirk Bogarde. The film was the
third most popular movie at the British box office that year.
She had a small role in
The Grand Maneuver
The Grand Maneuver (1955) for director Rene
Gerard Philippe and Michelle Morgan. The part was
The Light Across the Street
The Light Across the Street (1956) for director Georges
Lacombe. She did another with Hollywood film, Helen of Troy, playing
For the 1956 Italian movie Mio figlio Nerone Bardot was asked by the
director to appear as a blonde. Rather than wear a wig to hide her
naturally brunette hair she decided to dye her hair. She was so
pleased with the results that she decided to retain the hair
Brigitte Bardot in a scene of A Very Private Affair, 1961.
Bardot then appeared in four movies that made her a star. First up was
a musical, Naughty Girl (1956), where Bardot played a troublesome
school girl. Directed by Michel Boisrond, it was co-written by Roger
Vadim and was a big hit, the 12th most popular film of the year in
France. It was followed by a comedy,
Plucking the Daisy
Plucking the Daisy (1956),
written by Vadim with the director Marc Allegret, and another success
at France. So too was the comedy The Bride Is Much Too Beautiful
(1956) with Louis Jourdan.
Finally there was the melodrama And God Created Woman (1956), Vadim's
debut as director, with Bardot starring opposite Jean-Louis
Trintignant and Curt Jurgens. The film, about an immoral teenager in a
respectable small-town setting, was a huge success, not just in France
but also around the world - it was among the ten most popular films in
Britain in 1957. It turned Bardot into an international star.
In 1958 the moniker "sex kitten" was invented for her.
During her early career, professional photographer Sam Lévin's photos
contributed to the image of Bardot's sensuality. One showed Bardot
from behind, dressed in a white corset. British photographer Cornel
Lucas made images of Bardot in the 1950s and 1960s that have become
representative of her public persona.
Bardot followed And God Created Woman with La Parisienne (1957), a
Charles Boyer for director Boisrond. She was
reunited with Vadim in another melodrama
The Night Heaven Fell
The Night Heaven Fell (1958)
and played a criminal who seduced
Jean Gabin in In Case of Adversity
(1958). The latter was the 13th most seen movie of the year in
The Female (1959) for director
Julien Duvivier was popular, but
Babette Goes to War
Babette Goes to War (1959), a comedy set in World War Two, was a huge
hit, the fourth biggest movie of the year in France. Also widely
seen was Come Dance with Me (1959) from Boisrond.
Her next film was the courtroom drama The Truth (1960), from
Henri-Georges Clouzot. It was a highly publicised production, which
resulted in Bardot having an affair and attempting suicide. The film
was Bardot's biggest ever commercial success in France, the third
biggest hit of the year, and was nominated for a Best Foreign Film
She made a comedy with Vadim,
Please, Not Now!
Please, Not Now! (1961) and had a role
in the all-star anthology,
Famous Love Affairs
Famous Love Affairs (1962).
Bardot was awarded a
David di Donatello
David di Donatello Award for Best Foreign actress
for her role in
A Very Private Affair
A Very Private Affair (Vie privée, 1962), directed by
Louis Malle. More popular in France was
Love on a Pillow
Love on a Pillow (1962),
another for Vadim.
In the mid-1960s Bardot made films which seemed to be more aimed at
the international market. In 1963, she starred in Jean-Luc Godard's
film Le Mépris, produced by
Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine and starring Jack
Palance. The following year she co-starred with
Anthony Perkins in the
Une ravissante idiote (1964).
Bardot finally appeared in a Hollywood film in
Dear Brigitte (1965), a
James Stewart as an academic whose son develops a
crush on Bardot. Bardot's appearance was relatively brief and the film
was not a big hit.
More successful was the Western buddy comedy
Viva Maria! (1965) for
director Louis Malle, appearing opposite Jeanne Moreau. It was a big
hit in France and around the world although it did not break through
in the US as much as was hoped.
After a cameo in Godard's,
Masculin Féminin (1966) she had her first
flop in a long time,
Two Weeks in September
Two Weeks in September (1968), a French-English
co-production. She had a small role in the all-star Spirits of the
Dead (1968), acting opposite Alain Delon, then tried a Hollywood film
again: Shalako (1968), a Western starring Sean Connery, which was a
box office disappointment.
Bardot in 1968
Les Femmes (1969) was a flop, although the screwball comedy The Bear
and the Doll (1970) performed slightly better. Her last few films were
Les Novices (1970),
Boulevard du Rhum
Boulevard du Rhum (1971) (with
The Legend of Frenchie King
The Legend of Frenchie King (1971) was more popular,
helped by Bardot co-starring with Claudia Cardinale. She made one more
Don Juan, or If Don Juan Were a Woman
Don Juan, or If Don Juan Were a Woman (1973), playing the
title role. Vadim said the film marked "Underneath what people call
"the Bardot myth" was something interesting, even though she was never
considered the most professional actress in the world. For years,
since she has been growing older, and the Bardot myth has become just
a souvenir... I was curious in her as a woman and I had to get to the
end of something with her, to get out of her and express many things I
felt were in her. Brigitte always gave the impression of sexual
freedom - she is a completely open and free person, without any
aggression. So I gave her the part of a man - that amused me.
"If Don Juan is not my last movie it will be my next to last," said
Bardot during filming. She kept her word and only made one more
The Edifying and Joyous Story of Colinot (1973).
Her career had traversed epochs where it was possible to say, "In the
Sixties and early Seventies, there was no better known – or more
scandalous – movie star on earth. — Not since the death of
Valentino had a star aroused such insane devotion in their fans."
In 1973, Bardot announced she was retiring from acting as "a way to
get out elegantly".
She participated in several musical shows and recorded many popular
songs in the 1960s and 1970s, mostly in collaboration with Serge
Gainsbourg, Bob Zagury and Sacha Distel, including "Harley Davidson";
"Je Me Donne À Qui Me Plaît"; "Bubble gum"; "Contact"; "Je
Reviendrai Toujours Vers Toi"; "L'Appareil À Sous"; "La Madrague";
"On Déménage"; "Sidonie"; "Tu Veux, Ou Tu Veux Pas?"; "Le Soleil De
Ma Vie" (the cover of Stevie Wonder's "You Are the Sunshine of My
Life"); and the notorious "Je t'aime... moi non-plus". Bardot pleaded
with Gainsbourg not to release this duet and he complied with her
wishes; the following year, he rerecorded a version with British-born
model and actress
Jane Birkin that became a massive hit all over
Europe. The version with Bardot was issued in 1986 and became a
popular download hit in 2006 when
Universal Music made its back
catalogue available to purchase online, with this version of the song
ranking as the third most popular download.
Animal welfare activism : 1973-present
In 1973, before her 39th birthday, Bardot announced her retirement.
After appearing in more than forty motion pictures and recording
several music albums, most notably with Serge Gainsbourg, she used her
fame to promote animal rights.
In 1986, she established the
Brigitte Bardot Foundation for the
Welfare and Protection of Animals. She became a vegetarian and
raised three million francs to fund the foundation by auctioning off
jewellery and personal belongings.
She is a strong animal rights activist and a major opponent of the
consumption of horse meat. In support of animal protection, she
condemned seal hunting in Canada during a visit to that country with
Paul Watson of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. On 25 May
Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
Sea Shepherd Conservation Society renamed its fast
interceptor vessel, MV Gojira, as
MV Brigitte Bardot
MV Brigitte Bardot in appreciation
of her support.
She once had a neighbour's donkey castrated while looking after it, on
the grounds of its "sexual harassment" of her own donkey and mare, for
which she was taken to court by the donkey's owner in 1989.
Bardot wrote a 1999 letter to Chinese President Jiang Zemin, published
in French magazine VSD, in which she accused the Chinese of "torturing
bears and killing the world's last tigers and rhinos to make
She has donated more than $140,000 over two years for a mass
sterilization and adoption program for Bucharest's stray dogs,
estimated to number 300,000.
In August 2010, Bardot addressed a letter to the Queen of Denmark,
Margrethe II of Denmark, appealing for the sovereign to halt the
killing of dolphins in the Faroe Islands. In the letter, Bardot
describes the activity as a "macabre spectacle" that "is a shame for
Denmark and the
Faroe Islands ... This is not a hunt but a mass
slaughter ... an outmoded tradition that has no acceptable
justification in today's world".
On 22 April 2011, French culture minister Frédéric Mitterrand
officially included bullfighting in the country's cultural heritage.
Bardot wrote him a highly critical letter of protest.
From 2013 onwards the
Brigitte Bardot Foundation in collaboration with
Kagyupa International Monlam Trust of India has operated annual
Veterinary Care Camp. She has committed to the cause of animal welfare
in Bodhgaya year after year.
On 23 July 2015,
Brigitte Bardot condemned Greg Hunt's plan to
eradicate 2 million cats to save endangered species such as Warru and
In May 1958, Bardot withdrew to the seclusion of Southern France,
where she had bought the house La Madrague in Saint-Tropez.
Sami Frey in St. Tropez, 1963
On 21 December 1952, aged 18, Bardot married director Roger Vadim.
They divorced in 1957, after less than five years of marriage; they
had no children together, but remained in touch, and even collaborated
on later projects. The stated reason for the divorce was Bardot's
affair with two other men. While married to Vadim, Bardot had an
affair with Jean-Louis Trintignant, who was her co-star in And God
Created Woman. Trintignant was also a married man, being at the time
married to actress Stéphane Audran. The two lived together
for about two years, spanning the period before and after Bardot's
divorce from Vadim, but they never married. Their relationship was
complicated by Trintignant's frequent absence due to military service
and Bardot's affair with musician Gilbert Bécaud.
In early 1958, after her divorce from Vadim, it was followed in quick
order by her break-up with Trintignant and Bardot suffered a reported
nervous breakdown in Italy, according to newspaper reports. A suicide
attempt with sleeping pills two days earlier was also noted, but was
denied by her public relations manager. She recovered within weeks
and then began an affair with the actor Jacques Charrier. She became
pregnant well before they were married on 18 June 1959. Bardot's only
child, her son Nicolas-Jacques Charrier, was born on 11 January 1960.
After she and Charrier divorced in 1962, Nicolas was raised in the
Charrier family and had little contact with his biological mother
until his adulthood.
Bardot's third marriage was to German millionaire playboy Gunter
Sachs, and it lasted from 14 July 1966 to 1 October 1969. In
1968, she began dating Patrick Gilles, who went on to costar with her
The Bear and the Doll
The Bear and the Doll (1970); but she ended their relationship in
the spring of 1971.
Over the next few years, Bardot dated in succession the bartender/ski
instructor Christian Kalt; club owner Luigi Rizzi; musician (later
producer) Bob Zagury; singer Serge Gainsbourg; writer John Gilmore;
actor Warren Beatty, and Laurent Vergez, who was her co-star in Don
Juan, or If Don Juan Were a Woman. The longest of these casual
relationships was with sculptor Miroslav Brozek. She lived with him
from 1975 to December 1979, posed for some of his sculptures.
After breaking up with Brozek, she was involved in a long-term
relationship with French TV producer Allain Bougrain-duBourg.
Bardot's fourth and current husband is Bernard d'Ormale, a former
adviser of Jean-Marie Le Pen, former leader of the far right party
Front National; they were married on 16 August 1992.
In 1974, Bardot appeared in a nude photo shoot in
which celebrated her 40th birthday. On 28 September 1983, her 49th
birthday, Bardot took an overdose of sleeping pills or tranquilizers
with red wine. She had to be rushed to hospital, where her life was
saved after a stomach pump was used to evacuate the pills from her
body. Bardot is also a breast cancer survivor.
Politics and legal issues
Bardot expressed support for President
Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle in the
1960s. Her husband Bernard d'Ormale is a former adviser of the
Front National, the main far right party in France, known for its
nationalist and conservative beliefs.
In her 1999 book Le Carré de Pluton ("Pluto's Square"), Bardot
criticizes the procedure used in the ritual slaughter of sheep during
the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha. Additionally, in a section in the
book entitled, "Open Letter to My Lost France", Bardot writes that "my
country, France, my homeland, my land is again invaded by an
overpopulation of foreigners, especially Muslims". For this comment, a
French court fined her 30,000 francs in June 2000. She had been fined
in 1997 for the original publication of this open letter in Le Figaro
and again in 1998 for making similar remarks.
Bardot in Nice, 2002.
In her 2003 book, Un cri dans le silence ("A Scream in the Silence"),
she warned of an "
Islamicization of France", and said of Muslim
Over the last twenty years, we have given in to a subterranean,
dangerous, and uncontrolled infiltration, which not only resists
adjusting to our laws and customs but which will, as the years pass,
attempt to impose its own.
In the book, she contrasted her close gay friends with today's
homosexuals, who "jiggle their bottoms, put their little fingers in
the air and with their little castrato voices moan about what those
ghastly heteros put them through" and that some contemporary
homosexuals behave like "fairground freaks". In her own defence,
Bardot wrote in a letter to a French gay magazine: "Apart from my
husband — who maybe will cross over one day as well — I am
entirely surrounded by homos. For years, they have been my support, my
friends, my adopted children, my confidants."
In her book she wrote about issues such as racial mixing, immigration,
the role of women in politics and Islam. The book also contained a
section attacking what she called the mixing of genes and praised
previous generations who, she said, had given their lives to push out
On 10 June 2004, Bardot was convicted for a fourth time by a French
court for inciting racial hatred and fined €5,000. Bardot denied
the racial hatred charge and apologized in court, saying: "I never
knowingly wanted to hurt anybody. It is not in my character."
In 2008, Bardot was convicted of inciting racial/religious hatred in
relation to a letter she wrote, a copy of which she sent to Nicolas
Sarkozy when he was Interior Minister of France. The letter stated her
objections to Muslims in France ritually slaughtering sheep by
slitting their throats without anesthetizing them first. She also
said, in reference to Muslims, that she was "fed up with being under
the thumb of this population which is destroying us, destroying our
country and imposing its habits". The trial concluded on 3 June
2008, with a conviction and fine of €15,000, the largest of her
fines to date. The prosecutor stated that she was tired of charging
Bardot with offences related to racial hatred.
During the 2008 United States presidential election, she branded the
Republican Party vice-presidential candidate
Sarah Palin as "stupid"
and a "disgrace to women". She criticized the former governor of
Alaska for her stance on global warming and gun control. She was also
offended by Palin's support for Arctic oil exploration and for her
lack of consideration in protecting polar bears.
On 13 August 2010, Bardot lashed out at director
Kyle Newman regarding
his plan to make a biographical film on her life. She told him, "Wait
until I'm dead before you make a movie about my life!" otherwise
"sparks will fly".
Influence in pop culture
Brigitte Bardot in Búzios, Brazil
In fashion, the Bardot neckline (a wide open neck that exposes both
shoulders) is named after her. Bardot popularized this style which is
especially used for knitted sweaters or jumpers although it is also
used for other tops and dresses. Bardot popularized the bikini in her
early films such as Manina (1952) (released in France as Manina, la
fille sans voiles). The following year she was also photographed in a
bikini on every beach in the south of France during the Cannes Film
Festival. She gained additional attention when she filmed ...And
God Created Woman (1956) with
Jean-Louis Trintignant (released in
France as Et Dieu Créa La Femme). Bardot portrayed an immoral
teenager cavorting in a bikini who seduces men in a respectable
small-town setting. The film was an international success. The
bikini was in the 1950s relatively well accepted in France but was
still considered risqué in the United States. As late as 1959, Anne
Cole, one of the United States' largest swimsuit designers, said,
"It's nothing more than a G-string. It's at the razor's edge of
decency." She also brought into fashion the choucroute
("Sauerkraut") hairstyle (a sort of beehive hair style) and gingham
clothes after wearing a checkered pink dress, designed by Jacques
Esterel, at her wedding to Charrier. She was the subject for an
Andy Warhol painting.
Bardot's fashion in 1961.
The Bardot pose describes an iconic modeling portrait shot around 1960
where Bardot is dressed only in a pair of black pantyhose,
cross-legged over her front and cross-armed over her breasts. This
pose has been emulated numerous times by models and celebrities such
as Lindsay Lohan,
Elle Macpherson and Monica Bellucci.
In addition to popularizing the bikini swimming suit, Bardot has been
credited with popularizing the city of
St. Tropez and the town of
Armação dos Búzios
Armação dos Búzios in Brazil, which she visited in 1964 with her
boyfriend at the time, Brazilian musician Bob Zagury. The place where
she stayed in Búzios is today a small hotel, Pousada do Sol, and also
a French restaurant, Cigalon. The town hosts a Bardot statue by
Bardot was idolized by the young
John Lennon and Paul
McCartney. They made plans to shoot a film featuring The
Beatles and Bardot, similar to A Hard Day's Night, but the plans were
never fulfilled. Lennon's first wife
Cynthia Powell lightened her
hair color to more closely resemble Bardot, while
George Harrison made
comparisons between Bardot and his first wife Pattie Boyd, as Cynthia
wrote later in A Twist of Lennon. Lennon and Bardot met in person
once, in 1968 at the Mayfair Hotel, introduced by Beatles press agent
Derek Taylor; a nervous Lennon took LSD before arriving, and neither
star impressed the other. (Lennon recalled in a memoir, "I was on
acid, and she was on her way out.") According to the liner notes
of his first (self-titled) album, musician
Bob Dylan dedicated the
first song he ever wrote to Bardot. He also mentioned her by name in
"I Shall Be Free", which appeared on his second album, The
Freewheelin' Bob Dylan. The first-ever official exhibition
spotlighting Bardot's influence and legacy opened in
Boulogne-Billancourt on 29 September 2009 – a day after her 75th
birthday. The Australian pop group Bardot was named after her.
Brigitte Bardot filmography
Bardot released several albums and singles during the 1960s and
"Sidonie" (1961, Barclay), lyrics by Charles Cros, music by Jean-Max
Rivière and Yanis Spanos, guitar by Brigitte – first song, from the
film Vie privée
Brigitte Bardot Sings (1963, Philips) – collaborations by Serge
Gainsbourg ("L'Appareil à sous", "Je me donne à qui me plaît"),
Jean-Max Rivière as writer ("La Madrague") and singer ("Tiens !
Claude Bolling and Gérard Bourgeois
B.B. (1964, Philips) with Claude Bolling, Alain Goraguer, Gérard
"Ah ! Les p'tites femmes de Paris", duet with
Jeanne Moreau in
Viva Maria (1965, Philips), directed by Georges Delerue
Brigitte Bardot Show 67 (1967, Mercury) with
Serge Gainsbourg (writes
"Harley Davidson", "Comic Strip", "Contact" and "Bonnie and Clyde"),
Sacha Distel, Manitas de Plata,
Claude Brasseur and David Bailey
"Je t'aime... moi non plus", duet with
Serge Gainsbourg (1967,
published by Philips in 1986)
Brigitte Bardot Show (1968, Mercury), themes by Francis Lai
[Burlington Cameo Brings You]
Special Bardot (1968. RCA) with "The
Good Life" by
Sacha Distel and "Comic Strip (with Gainsbourg) in
Single Duet with
Serge Gainsbourg "Bonnie and Clyde" (Fontana)
"La Fille de paille"/"Je voudrais perdre la mémoire" (1969, Philips),
collaboration with Gérard Lenorman
Tu veux ou tu veux pas (1970, Barclay) with the hit "Tu veux ou tu
veux pas" (the French version of the Brazilian "Nem Vem Que Não
Tem"), directed by François Bernheim; "John and Michael", hymn to the
collective love; "Mon léopard et moi", a collaboration with Darry
Cowl, and "Depuis que tu m'as quitté"
"Nue au soleil"/"C'est une bossa nova" (1970, Barclay)
"Chacun son homme", duet with
Annie Girardot in
Les Novices (1970,
"Boulevard du rhum" and "Plaisir d'amour", duet with Guy Marchand, in
Boulevard du rhum (1971, Barclay)
"Vous ma lady", duet with Laurent Vergez, and "Tu es venu mon amour"
"Le Soleil de ma vie", duet with Sacha Distel
"Toutes les bêtes sont à aimer" (1982, Polydor)
Bardot has also written five books:
Noonoah: Le petit phoque blanc (Grasset, 1978)
Initales B.B. (autobiography, Grasset & Fasquelle, 1996)
Le Carré de Pluton (Grasset & Fasquelle, 1999)
Un Cri Dans Le Silence (Editions Du Rocher, 2003)
Pourquoi? (Editions Du Rocher, 2006)
^ "Films and Music by Brigitte Bardot". Rate Your Music. Archived from
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^ "Daily Celebrations ~ Brigitte Bardot, Cat Transformed".
Dailycelebrations.com. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
^ "And Bardot Became BB Institut français du Royaume-Uni".
institut-francais.org.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
^ a b Happy birthday, Brigitte Bardot, The Guardian. 22 September
^ Anne-Marie Sohn (teacher at the ENS-Lyon),
Marianne ou l'histoire de
l'idée républicaine aux XIXe et XXe siècles à la lumière de ses
représentations (résumé of Maurice Agulhon's three books, Marianne
Marianne au pouvoir and Les métamorphoses de Marianne) (in
^ "The Big Question: How does the French honours system work, and why
has Kylie been decorated?", independent.co.uk, 8 May 2008.
^ a b "Bardot fine for stoking race hate". London, UK: BBC News. 3
June 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
^ "Bardot fined for racist remarks". London, UK: BBC News. 16 June
2000. Retrieved 4 June 2008.
^ a b Servat. Page 76.
^ Shanley, Valerie (27 September 2009). "Profile: Brigitte
Bardot – And God created Bardot". Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 19
^ Singer, Barnett (6 July 2006). Brigitte Bardot: A Biography.
McFarland. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-7864-8426-3. Retrieved 1
^ Caron, Leslie. Thank Heaven, Plume Publishing (2009)
Brigitte Bardot Biography". The Biography Channel. Archived from
the original on 14 September 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2010.
^ a b c d e f Bardot, Brigitte (1996). Initiales B.B. Grasset &
Fasquelle. ISBN 2-246-52601-9.
^ a b c d e f g h Robinson, Jeffrey (1994). Bardot — Two Lives
(First British ed.). Simon & Schuster (London). ASIN:
^ "'The Dam Busters'." Times [London, England] 29 Dec. 1955: 12. The
Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.
^ Box office figures in France for 1956 at Box Office Story
^ Most Popular Film Of The Year.
The Times (London, England),
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brigitte Bardot.
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