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BRIGHTON AND HOVE (/ˈbraɪtən ən ˈhoʊv/ ) is a city in East Sussex , in South East England . At the 2011 census , it was England's most populous seaside resort with a population of 273,400.

The towns of Brighton and Hove formed a unitary authority in 1997 and in 2001 were granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II . "Brighton" is often referred to synonymously with the official " Brighton and Hove" although many locals still consider the two to be separate towns.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 City Council

* 2.1 Political composition * 2.2 Industrial relations * 2.3 Administration * 2.4 DVLA database ban

* 3 Census * 4 Wording of the Letters Patent * 5 Economy and demography * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

Further information: History of local government in Sussex Royal Pavilion, Brighton

Brighton and Hove is the result of a number of historic local government reorganisations:

* Brighton was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1854, later becoming a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888 ; it covered the parish of Brighton and part of Preston; * Hove became a local board of health in the late 19th century, originally covering the parish of Hove; * In 1893 the parish of Aldrington was added to Hove local board; * Hove became incorporated as a municipal borough in 1898; * Hangleton , Preston Rural and West Blatchington were added to Hove in 1928; * Ovingdean , Patcham and Rottingdean were added to Brighton in 1928; * Portslade-by-Sea was added to Hove in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 . Both Brighton and Hove became non-metropolitan districts of East Sussex.

On 15 October 2004, Brighton and Hove was granted Fairtrade City status.

CITY COUNCIL

Main article: Brighton and Hove City Council

POLITICAL COMPOSITION

Main article: Brighton and Hove local elections

Elections are held every four years, with the last elections occurring on 7 May 2015.

PARTY COUNCILLORS

Labour 23

Conservative 20

Green 11

TOTAL 54

Source: Brighton & Hove City Council

Brighton and Hove was the first ever council in the United Kingdom where the Green Party were both the largest group and led the council (from May 2011 to May 2015).

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

In 2013 the council was obliged to finalise single status across its workforce, resulting in a strike of its refuse collectors and street cleaners. Their council reformed their allowances to equalise them with other staff at the organisation conducting similar work.

ADMINISTRATION

The Leader of the Council and Labour minority administration since May 2015 is Councillor Warren Morgan (Lab Co-op).

The mayor of Brighton and Hove for 2016-2017 is Councillor Pete West. Geoff Raw is the current chief executive.

DVLA DATABASE BAN

In 2012 it was revealed that the Brighton and Hove unitary authority has been permanently banned from accessing information from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency . This information is normally made available to local authorities for purposes such as enforcing parking fines, but access can be withdrawn if they are found to be misusing the service. The Big Brother Watch organisation, which obtained the information about the ban under a Freedom of Information request, claimed that "the public are right to be worried that their privacy is at risk across a range of government services."

CENSUS

The first census of Brighton was in 1801.

The resident population of Brighton and Hove at the 2011 census was 273,369 persons, 50% male and 50% female.

The 2011 census found the ethnic composition of Brighton and Hove to be 89.08% white (80.48% white British, 1.38% white Irish, 7.21% other white), 4.13% Asian (1.10% Chinese, 1.10% Indian, 0.50% Bangladeshi, 1.43% other Asian), 3.81% mixed race (1.54% mixed black/white, 1.23% mixed white/Asian, 1.05% other mix), 1.53% black and 0.80% Arab.

The 2011 census found the religious composition to be 42.90% Christian, 42.42% nonreligious, 2.23% Muslim, 1.00% Buddhist, 0.98% Jewish. 1.66% were adherents of some other religion, while 8.81% did not state their religion.

In the 2001 census, Brighton and Hove had the highest percentage of citizens indicating their religion as Jedi among all principal areas of England and Wales .

WORDING OF THE LETTERS PATENT

The Letters Patent of 2001 that confers City status is worded thus:

ELIZABETH the SECOND BY THE GRACE OF GOD OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND & OF OUR REALMS -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Office for National Statistics. "Census 2011 result shows increase in population of the South East". Retrieved 4 December 2012. * ^ "Election results by party, 7 May 2015". 2015-05-07. Retrieved 2017-06-11. * ^ "Allowances modernisation". _ Brighton & Hove City Council_. Brighton & Hove City Council. Retrieved 2 October 2014. * ^ "The Leader". _ Brighton and Hove Council_. Retrieved 14 July 2015. * ^ "The Mayor of Brighton & Hove". Retrieved 3 December 2016. * ^ "The Chief Executive". _ Brighton and Hove City Council_. Retrieved 3 December 2015. * ^ _DVLA bans councils from database over abuses_, BBC News , 8 December 2012, retrieved 10 December 2012 * ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "British government census statistics for race and ethnicity". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Neighbourhood Statistics. "British government census statistics for religion". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2015. * ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/rank/jedi.asp _statistics.gov.uk_ * ^ "The Brighton & Hove crest". Brighton & Hove City Council. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013. * ^ Key Statistics: Population; Quick Statistics: Economic indicators. (2011 census and 2001 census ) Retrieved

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