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The Info List - Brigadier General (United States)





In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force. Brigadier general ranks above a colonel and below major general. The rank of brigadier general is equivalent to the rank of rear admiral (lower half) in the other uniformed services (the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, as both Armed Forces and Uniformed Services; and the Public Health Service and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, as Uniformed Services). The NATO
NATO
equivalent is OF-6.

Contents

1 History 2 Statutory limits 3 Promotion, appointment and tour length 4 Retirement 5 See also 6 References

History[edit] The rank of brigadier general has existed in the U.S. military since the inception of the Continental Army
Continental Army
in June 1775. To prevent mistakes in recognizing officers, a general order was issued on July 14, 1775, establishing that brigadier generals would wear a ribband, worn across the breast, between coat and waistcoat, pink in color.[1] Later, on June 18, 1780, it was prescribed that brigadier generals would instead wear a single silver star on each epaulette.[1] At first, brigadier generals were infantry officers who commanded a brigade; however, over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, the responsibilities of the rank expanded significantly. During the period from March 16, 1802, to January 11, 1812, the rank of major general was abolished and brigadier general became the highest rank in the U.S. Army. Foreseeing the need for an expanded general staff in case of war, which seemed imminent, Congress restored the rank of major general in January 1812.[2][3] The first brigadier general in the U.S. Marine Corps was Commandant Archibald Henderson, brevetted to the rank of brigadier general in the 1830s for his service in the Second Seminole War.[citation needed] The first non-brevet brigadier general in the Marines was Commandant Jacob Zeilin who was promoted to the rank in 1874, but when he retired in 1876, colonel once again became the highest rank in the Marines until March 1899 when Commandant Charles Heywood
Charles Heywood
was promoted. Ever since then, the office of Commandant has been held by a general officer, with the permanent rank of the commandant raised to major general in 1908, and then to lieutenant general and subsequently to general during World War II, which rank it has held ever since.[citation needed] The insignia for a brigadier general is one silver star worn on the shoulder or collar, and has not changed since the creation of the rank two centuries ago. Since the Mexican-American War, however, the lower rank of colonel has been the normal rank appointed to command a brigade that is organic to a division (e.g., the 1st Brigade
Brigade
of the 94th Infantry
Infantry
Division, vice the 187th Infantry
Infantry
Brigade). Today, an Army or Marine Corps "BG" or "BGen," respectively, typically serves as deputy commander to the commanding general of a division or division-sized units and assists in overseeing the planning and coordination of a mission. In an Army infantry brigade not organic to a division, a brigadier general serves as the unit's commander, while a colonel serves as deputy commander.[citation needed] A Marine Expeditionary Brigade
Brigade
(MEB), as the medium capability (and sized) scalable Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) with up to 20,000 Marines, is normally commanded by a Marine BGen.[4] An Air Force brigadier general typically commands a large wing. Additionally, one-star officers of all services may serve as high-level staff officers in large military organizations. Statutory limits[edit] The U.S. law explicitly limits the total number of general officers who may be on active duty. The total of active duty general officers is capped at 231 for the Army, 62 for the Marine Corps, and 198 for the Air Force. The President or Secretary of Defense may increase the number of general slots in one branch, so long as they subtract an equal number from another.[5] Some of these slots are reserved by statute. Promotion, appointment and tour length[edit] For promotion to the permanent grade of brigadier general, eligible officers are screened by a promotion board consisting of general officers from their branch of service.[6] This promotion board then generates a list of officers it recommends for promotion to general rank.[7] This list is then sent to the service secretary and the joint chiefs for review before it can be sent to the President, through the defense secretary, for consideration.[8] The President nominates officers to be promoted from this list with the advice of the Secretary of Defense, the service secretary, and if applicable, the service's chief of staff or commandant.[9] The President may nominate any eligible officer who is not on the recommended list if it serves in the interest of the nation, but this is uncommon.[10] The Senate must then confirm the nominee by a majority vote before the officer can be promoted. Once the nominee is confirmed, they are promoted to that rank once they assume or hold an office that requires or allows an officer of that rank. For positions of office reserved by statute, the President nominates an officer for appointment to fill that position. For all three uniformed services, because the grade of brigadier general is a permanent rank, the nominee may still be screened by an in-service promotion board. The rank does not expire when the officer vacates a one-star position. Tour length varies depending on the position, by statute, or when the officer receives a new assignment. The average tour length per one-star billet is two to four years. Retirement[edit] Other than voluntary retirement, statute sets a number of mandates for retirement. All brigadier generals must retire after five years in grade or 30 years of service, whichever is later, unless selected or appointed for promotion, or reappointed to grade to serve longer.[11] Otherwise all general and flag officers must retire the month after their 64th birthday.[12] However, the Secretary of Defense can defer a general or flag officer's retirement until the officer's 66th birthday and the President can defer it until the officer's 68th birthday. Because there are a finite number of General officer
General officer
positions, one officer must retire before another can be promoted. As a result, General and flag officers typically retire well in advance of the statutory age and service limits, so as not to impede the upward career mobility of their juniors.[13]

See also[edit]

United States Army
United States Army
portal United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
portal United States Air Force
United States Air Force
portal

Rear admiral Commodore admiral List of brigadier generals in the United States Regular Army before February 2, 1901 List of United States military leaders by rank United States Army
United States Army
officer rank insignia United States Marine Corps
United States Marine Corps
officer rank insignia United States Air Force
United States Air Force
officer rank insignia

References[edit]

^ a b "Officer Insignia of Rank - Origin". The Institute of Heraldry. Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. Retrieved 20 May 2013.  ^ Memory.loc.gov, ^ Act of January 11, 1812, ch. 14, 2 Stat. 671 ^ "Types of MAGTFs". U.S. Marine Corps. 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2018-03-16.  ^ 10 U.S.C. § 526. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 U.S.C. 611. Convening of selection boards ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 U.S.C. 616. Recommendations for promotion by selection boards ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 U.S.C. 618. Action on reports of selection boards ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 U.S.C. 624. Promotions: how made. ^ Law.cornell.edu, 10 U.S.C. 5149. Office of the Judge Advocate General: Deputy Judge Advocate General; Assistant Judge Advocates General ^ Caselaw.lp.findlaw.com, 10 U.S.C. 635. Retirement for years of service: regular brigadier generals and rear admirals (lower half). ^ thomas.loc.gov, 10 U.S.C. 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag officer grades; exception. ^ Defenselink.mil, DoD News Briefing on Thursday, June 6, 1996. Retirement of Admiral Leighton W. Smith Jr.

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United States uniformed services commissioned officer and officer candidate ranks

Pay grade / branch of service Officer candidate O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11 Special grade

Insignia [1]

[6]

[6] [6] [6]

[2]

Army CDT / OC 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN GA[3] GAS[3]

Marine Corps Midn / Cand 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen [5] [5]

Navy MIDN / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM FADM[3] AN[3]

Air Force Cadet / OT / OC 2d Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Gen Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen GAF[3] [5]

Coast Guard CDT / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]

PHS Corps [OC] ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RADM RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]

NOAA Corps OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM [4] [5] [5]

[1] No universal insignia for officer candidate rank; Navy candidate insignia shown [2]Official 1945 proposal for General of the Armies
General of the Armies
insignia; John J. Pershing's GAS insignia: ; George Dewey's Admiral of the Navy insignia: [3] Rank used for specific officers in wartime only, not permanent addition to rank structure [4] Grade is authorized by the U.S. Code for use but has not been created [5] Grade has never been created or authorized [6] USAF and U.S. Army insignia shown

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United States warrant officer ranks

W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 W-5

Army

WO1

CW2

CW3

CW4

CW5

Marine Corps

WO1

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4

CWO5

Navy

WO1[1]

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4

CWO5

Air Force

WO1[1]

CWO2[1]

CWO3[1]

CWO4[1]

CWO5[1]

Coast Guard

WO1[1]

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4 [2]

PHS Corps

[2] [2] [2] [2] [3]

NOAA Corps

[3] [3] [3] [3] [3]

[1] Grade inactive [2] Grade is authorized for use by U.S. Code but has not been created [3] Grade never created o

.