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The Brendon
Brendon
Hills are a range of hills in west Somerset, England. The hills merge level into the eastern side of Exmoor
Exmoor
and are included within the Exmoor
Exmoor
National Park. The highest point of the range is Lype Hill at 1,388 feet (423 m) above sea level with a secondary summit several kilometres to the southeast at 1,350 feet (411 m). Both points are marked by Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
trig points and are located within enclosed farmland. Early versions of the name include Brunedun and Brundon reflecting an original name of Bruna or Brune, meaning 'brown one'. Dun is a common Old English
Old English
word for a fairly flat and extensive hill.[1][2] This name is not connected with the village of Brendon
Brendon
in Devon, the name of which has a different origin.[3] The terrain is broken by a series of deeply incised streams and rivers running roughly southwards to meet the River Haddeo, a tributary of the River Exe.[4] The hills are quite heavily cultivated unlike their neighbouring upland areas of Exmoor
Exmoor
and the Quantock Hills. The Brendon
Brendon
Hills are largely formed from the Morte Slates, a thick faulted and folded sequence of Devonian
Devonian
age sedimentary rocks. An east-west aligned anticline/syncline pair known as the Brendon Anticline
Anticline
and Brendon
Brendon
Syncline
Syncline
folds these rocks. The fold couplet is itself offset by displacement of the rocks on the NNW-SSE aligned Timberscombe Fault System.[5] Over the centuries they have been mined for minerals, notably ironstone from which iron is extracted for making steel.[6] During the 19th century this activity reached a peak with the West Somerset
Somerset
Mineral Railway, including an 800 feet (244 m) incline, being built to take the ore to Watchet
Watchet
from where it was sent to Ebbw Vale
Ebbw Vale
for smelting. The main mining operations ended when the mines were worked out towards the end of the 19th century. The hills are on the route of the Coleridge Way
Coleridge Way
and are also crossed by the Samaritans Way.[7] References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brendon
Brendon
Hills.

^ Gelling, M. and Cole, A. 2000 The Landscape of Place-names Shaun Tyas, Stamford, Lincs p164 et seq ^ Gelling, M. 1993 Place-names in the Landscape Dent, London p145,147 ^ Ekwall, E. 1981 The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, Fourth edition, Clarendon Press, Oxford p63 ^ " Brendon
Brendon
Hills NMP". English Heritage. Retrieved 2007-11-23.  ^ Webby, B.D. 1965 Proceedings of the Geologists' Association volume 76, part 1 qutoed at http://www.westsomersetmineralrailway.org.uk/ ^ " Brendon
Brendon
Hills". Everything Exmoor. Retrieved 2007-11-23.  ^ Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
1:25,000 scale 'Explorer map' sheet OL9 Exmoor

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Ceremonial county of Somerset

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Unitary authorities

Bath and North East Somerset North Somerset

Boroughs or districts

Mendip Sedgemoor South Somerset Taunton
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Deane West Somerset

Major settlements

Axbridge Bath Bridgwater Bruton Burnham-on-Sea Castle Cary Chard Clevedon Crewkerne Dulverton Frome Glastonbury Highbridge Ilminster Keynsham Langport Midsomer Norton Minehead Nailsea North Petherton Portishead Radstock Shepton Mallet Somerton Taunton Watchet Wellington Wells Weston-super-Mare Wincanton Wiveliscombe Yeovil See also: List of civil parishes in Somerset

Rivers

Alham Aller Avill Avon Axe (Bristol Channel) Axe (Lyme Bay) Badgworthy Water Banwell Barle Brue Cam Brook Cary Chew East Lyn Exe Fivehead Frome Haddeo Hoar Oak Water Holford Horner Huntspill Isle Land Yeo Mells Midford Brook Oare Water Parret Severn Estuary Sheppey Somer Sowy Tone Washford Wellow Brook West Lyn Whitelake Yeo (Congresbury) Yeo (South Somerset)

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Brendon
Hills Chew Valley Exmoor Mendip
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