BREDBURY is a suburban town within the Metropolitan Borough of
Stockport , in
* 1 History
* 1.1 Iron Age
* 1.2 Roman occupation
* 1.3 Middle Ages
* 1.4 Modern era
* 2 Governance
* 3 Landmarks
* 4 Transport * 5 Education * 6 Religious sites
* 7 Notable people
* 7.1 John Agecroft * 7.2 Edward McLellan * 7.3 Thomas Platt
* 8 References
* 8.1 Further reading
* 9 External links
The area must have been unattractive to the
The Romans surveyed and constructed a road between the forts of
Mamucium (Manchester) and
Ardotalia (Melandra Castle at
over this ancient track and this in turn became an 18th-century
turnpike road and the
Some years ago a Roman coin was dug up on the edge of the road between Bredbury railway station and St Mark's Church. The coin long antedates any Roman occupation of this part of the country, and may either have been lost when held as a souvenir or have been brought over from the continent in the course of trade.
As with the majority of hills, rivers and other natural features in
this area, the names of the River Tame and
Werneth Low are of Celtic
origin. The name
And I, Hamo, regrant to Robert, the son of Waltheof,
The conditions laid down in this charter were usual under the feudal
system, when military expeditions into Wales were no uncommon tasks
for the Earl of
By a general inquisition of tenures, taken 10 May 1288, to determine
the services due to Edward I in the
Welsh Wars , it was found that
"Richard de Stokeport holds
Some time during the 14th century the manor of
It would appear, however, that the manor of
In the same year, another inquisition was taken on the death of Hugh
de Davenport, which records that he died "seised of two parts of the
manor of Bredbury, and of land in
Romiley and Werneth" and that Thomas
de Davenport was his son and heir, aged 12 years. These lands remained
in the possession of the Davenports for several generations The manor
house of the Davenports in
During the Middle Ages the wealth of the Kingdom of
A schedule of owners of lands in the township shows that two lords of
the manor in 1661 were Sir Fulke Lucy of Henbury and John Arderne of
Bredbury, and that in 1672 Sir John Arderne owned Arden Hall, whilst
Sir Fulke Lucy owned Goyt Hall. Shortly after this date the
Davenports' portion of the manor of
Until the beginning of the 19th century, a Court Baron was held for the lordship under the title of the Court of the Manor of Bredbury-cum-Goyt.
The main road continued to be of importance, particularly for the
transport of salt from
In 1754, the population of
The days of the great local landowners ended in the early 19th
century. William Arden, 2nd Lord Alvanley, succeeded to the Arden
estates on the death of his uncle, John Arden, in July 1823. He was a
bachelor who had spent his life in the circle of the Prince Regent ,
building up heavy debts in expectation of his inheritance. Within a
month of getting the estates he had sold Underbank Hall in Stockport,
and in 1825 most of the
At the sale of the
POPULATION (INCLUDING WOODLEY VILLAGE) YEAR POPULATION
The construction of the
Peak Forest Canal
The coming of the railways led to further industrial development, a
steady growth of population and the fusing of the separate settlements
into the village of Bredbury. The first line was the Manchester,
There are now few traces of the coal mining that went back to the 17th century at least and in the 19th century was one of the bases of life in the village. The last colliery closed in 1926 and spoil heaps were levelled at Ashton Road and Stockport Road East in the 1960s to make way for new industrial development. Brick-making too was carried on in the village, with Jacksons Brickworks at Ashton Road surviving into the 1970s, and there were several large hat works, the last of which closed in 1958.
Exors of James Mills were manufacturers of steel products for over
100 years, the company growing from a small building employing two men
to the large
The firm of Lightbown Aspinall started making wallpaper in Pendleton , and in 1899, became part of the newly formed Wall Paper Manufacturers. In 1929, the plant was transferred to Brookfield Avenue, where the company produced Crown and Scene wallpapers and Crown Vinyl wall covering, employing 450 people. The site has since been redeveloped for housing.
Pear New Mill was owned by Combined English Mills and were spinners of superfine white hosiery yarn , employing over 400 people. The building has since been subdivided into industrial units.
William Crosland, an engineer and ironfounder , started business in
1855 in an upstairs room at Miller Street in
In the 1930s, and after the Second World War, the growth rate accelerated with the coming of new industries, including engineering, chemicals , clothing and textiles, whilst the village became an important residential area on the periphery of the Greater Manchester Urban Area . A large bakery was erected on Ashton Road in 1951.
Comprehensive sewerage and sewage disposal services were completed and put into operation in 1938.
After considerable pressure by the Government and the Mersey River Board, the Urban District Council agreed in 1966 to a joint scheme with the County Borough of Stockport , abandoning the treatment works at Welkin Road and the sludge beds at Brinnington, to provide for the rapidly growing population and the additional industry.
The council offices were in
The council's first acquisition of houses was a terrace at Vernon View in 1922. Construction of the houses had been delayed by the First World War. In the same year the first council estate was commenced at George Lane.
The council subsequently owned more than 2,000 homes, including several schemes for old people's accommodation incorporating welfare features.
In 1959, the urban district council intervened over an application by
The council was for many years in the forefront of a campaign for the
preservation and restoration of the Lower
Peak Forest Canal
In 1974, the urban district was abolished. Its former area was
Although the area had traditionally elected Conservative politicians, with occasional victories for the Labour Party , by 2006 all elected positions were held by the Liberal Democrats .
The village has extensive areas of attractive countryside, both in the river valleys and on the slopes of Werneth Low.
Arden Hall (Aiken, 1795)
The most famous of the halls of Bredbury, Arden Hall, erected in
1597, is now a ruin standing in a commanding position above the valley
of the River Tame. For over two centuries it was owned by the
Ardernes, who had other possessions in
The building was at one time "a tall building, narrow in proportion to its height and length, built of flat stones or parpoints, and having a sturdy watchtower at the back, looking over the valley of the River Tame. It was surrounded by a wide and deep moat. On the front were three gables, two of them projecting from the face of the hall, the third being flush with it. The entrance doorway was in the side of the central gable, and was approached from the courtyard by a flight of steps. Passing through the doorway a heavy oak door on the right side opened at once into the Great Hall, and in the tower exactly opposite was a wide oak staircase, which led to the upper part of the house. The Great Hall occupied the whole of the ground floor of this portion of the building, and was about 33 feet (10 m) long by 24 feet (7.3 m) wide. At the end was a raised platform where the high table was situated, lighted by two loft bay windows, one at each end. The year in which some portion of the hall, if indeed not the whole of it, was erected, is fixed from the date 1597 on the spout above the entrance, and the initials and date R A 1597 on the right hand gable."
In the particulars of sale of 1825, it states that "the ancient mansion house of Arden Hall has been in part converted into a commodious farm house, with every requisite convenience", and it had already been let as such.
There is a tradition that
In 1638, the hall was occupied by a branch of the Davenports, a connection of the Bredburys. In later times, the venerable building degenerated into an ordinary farmstead.
In the 19th century, it was rebuilt, and converted into a family residence in the Georgian style.
For some years prior to the erection of St Barnabas Church, services were held here. The hall, outbuildings and grounds are now used as a hotel and country club, and the buildings have been much modified to suit that purpose.
The great barn, 42 yards (38 m) long of cruck framed construction, is medieval in origin although the original framing timbers have been overlaid by brick.
Now owned by the Flood family,
The great barn is now renovated into a large nightclub which has 6 bars, 2 floors, pool, darts and a large dance floor.
The original library on George Lane opened in 1937, and the capacity
was doubled by extensions in 1962, comprising a children's room and
reference room. The latter, now used as a community meeting room, is a
dodecahedral annexe, erected mainly out of funds collected locally, as
In 1950, the Centenary Year of the Public Library Movement, plaques were unveiled at the library in honour of Sir Ernest Barker , the Woodley-born writer on political and historic subjects, and Thomas Greenwood, the Woodley-born writer and advocate of free public libraries.
BREDBURY OLD SCHOOL
Erected at School Brow in 1780 by John Arden, Lord of the Manor, and
the freeholders of the township of Bredbury, on land enclosed from the
Common of Barrack Hill,
The building of larger schools and the passing of the Education Acts
rendered the building obsolete, and by an order of the Charity
Commissioners in 1889 the trustees were instructed to "apply the trust
income either in making payments by way of rewards or prizes to
children attending public elementary schools in the townships of
The building has, since its closing as a school, been used for a
variety of purposes, including use as offices of
The marriage of the last of the Davenports in 1664 brought Goyt Hall into the possession of Sir Fulke Lucy.
Goyt Hall, which stands in the valley of the River Goyt, midway between Otterspool Bridge and New Bridge, is a half-timbered building erected by Randal Davenport about the year 1570, although William Davenport of Goyt Hall, who appears as witnessing a mortgage, died in 1542.
The marriage of the last of the Davenports in 1664 brought the hall
into the possession of Sir Fulke Lucy, a kinsman of Sir Thomas Lucy
who features in the story of William Shakespeare's youth. This rather
tenuous association was marked by the naming of the streets on the
nearby Shakespeare Estate, an overspill development built by
Formerly occupied by the Convent of the Nativity of the Sisters of Charity of Notre Dame d' Évron , who maintained Harrytown High School, Harrytown Hall dates from 1671, and is well preserved in spite of being Gothicised during the Romantic Revival. The building was converted into apartments in the early 1980s.
St Mark's Church,
ST MARK (CHURCH OF ENGLAND )
Although the village is mentioned in the Domesday Book,
It was not long before a site for the church was secured through the generosity of John Sidebotham of Kingston in Hyde, and in 1847 the foundation stone of the new church was laid by the donor of the site. The church was consecrated on 17 January 1849, and the church school was opened in 1850.
Built of freestone in the Early English style, the church consists of
a square tower having four pinnacles, a nave and aisles, and a chancel
with a vestry on the north side. The tower is 70 feet (21 m) high,
occupying a commanding position, a contains a clock and a peal of
bells. The windows consist of two lights each, the chancel window of
three lights being filled with painted glass illustrating the
The Church School (now rebuilt), is on the opposite side of Redhouse Lane.
ST BARNABAS (CHURCH OF ENGLAND)
Later the new church was erected nearby and was dedicated to St
Barnabas by the Bishop of
OUR LADY AND ST CHRISTOPHER (ROMAN CATHOLIC )
HATHERLOW (UNITED REFORMED CHURCH ) Hatherlow Congregational Church opened in 1845, although the burial ground surrounding it goes back to 1793.
Hatherlow Church traces its history back to 1645, services then being held in Chadkirk Chapel , and it was the oldest Congregational body in Cheshire. The first independent minister at Chadkirk was Gamallel Jones, who settled there in 1688 or 1689. In the latter year the "Meeting Place" at Chadkirk was certified as a licensed place for religious worship shortly after the passing of the Toleration Act . When they were finally ejected in the reign of Queen Anne , a new building was erected in 1706 on the site now occupied by Hatherlow Sunday School.
It is recorded in a statistical table of the dissenting chapels in Cheshire, begun about 1715, that the congregation at Hatherlow numbered about 300 hearers, including 10 gentlemen, 39 tradesmen, 26 yeomen and 8 labourers. These would be drawn from a very wide area.
The present church was opened as Hatherlow Congregational Church in
1845, although the burial ground surrounding it goes back to 1793. A
day school was established in 1780 at
Hatherlow Sunday School was established in May 1817, and was held first at School Brow and then at the Top School. The present Sunday School was built in 1911.
The church has always been the centre of cultural activity in the
district, and was the home of the former
* Will Mellor (born 1976), actor and amateur pop star * Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvanley (1744–1804), Solicitor General , Attorney General and politician * Charles Clay (1801–1893), surgeon * Robert Robinson (1726–1791), clergyman * Peter Charles Snape (born 1942), politician * Mike Yarwood (born 1941), impressionist
John Agecroft (1716–1804) lived in a cottage at Barrack Hill where,
until the end of the 19th century, a crude bust stood in a niche on
the outer wall. A canvass weaver, bookbinder and well-known local
eccentric, he is said to have conceived the idea of the bust from that
Born in Redhouse Lane, the son of the village clogger, Edward McLellan (1870–1967) attended St Mark's School. It speaks much for the quality of education there, under the headmaster Silas Whipp, that without further formal education he was able to enter Hartley College , the Primitive Methodist Ministers' Training college, from which he embarked on 47 years of active ministry. In 1931 he reached the highest point he could attain in his vocation when he was elected President of the Primitive Methodist Conference.
He published many articles and stories in magazines and wrote a number of books on religious subjects. He continued to preach to an advanced age, and conducted services after his 90th year at both Woodley and Greave.
Thomas Platt (1745–1824) of Dark Lane House was claimed to have established a Sunday school some years before Robert Raikes , the usually accredited founder of the system. In recruiting for Stockport Parish Church choir, he found that many of the boys and girls he gathered could not read, and so instructed them on Sunday evenings. When Raikes's system spread to Greater Manchester, Platt became the paid headmaster of one of the Stockport Sunday Schools .
This article includes a list of references , but ITS SOURCES REMAIN UNCLEAR because it has INSUFFICIENT INLINE CITATIONS . Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
* ^ Census 2001 :
* Aiken, John (1795). A Description of the County from 30 – 40
Miles Round Manchester
* Cocks, James (1895). Memorials of Hatherlow
* Cocks, James (1924). Annals of