BRAND WHITLOCK (March 4, 1869 – May 24, 1934) was an American journalist, attorney, politician, Georgist , four-time mayor of Toledo, Ohio elected on the Independent ticket; ambassador to Belgium, and author of numerous articles and books, both novels and non-fiction.
* 1 Journalist
* 2 Springfield, Illinois
* 3 Attorney and mayor of
* 4 Ambassador to
In 1891, he moved to
The Holy Trinity, as Ohio mayors (L-R)
Henry Thomas Hunt of
His political writing attracted attention by Illinois politicians,
and Whitlock was offered a job as Gov.
John Peter Altgeld
Whitlock had married Susan Brainerd in 1892, but she died four months after their wedding. In 1895 he married again, choosing her sister Nell Brainerd.
In 1893, Whitlock prepared the pardon documents for the Haymarket Affair 's convicted men: Fielden, Neebe, and Schwab. After Gov. Altgeld signed the pardons, Whitlock commented, "The storm will break now," to which the governor replied, "It was merely doing right."
Whitlock became very active in
Illinois Democratic Party
ATTORNEY AND MAYOR OF TOLEDO, OHIO
After the defeat of Gov. Altgeld in 1896, Whitlock returned to Toledo
in 1897, where he established a successful legal practice. Whitlock
provided legal services to the Mayor of Toledo,
Samuel M. Jones
Whitlock entered politics more directly in Toledo, running on the Independent ticket for mayor; he was elected four times from 1906 to 1914. He was one of a number of Progressive politicians elected as mayors of major Midwestern cities in 1911. He declined a fifth nomination as mayor when recruited for a diplomatic post.
AMBASSADOR TO BELGIUM
After finishing his last term as mayor, in 1913 Whitlock was
appointed minister to
With the United States' declaration of war against
After the signing of the armistice in November 1918 and the
restoration of the Belgian government, Whitlock returned to Brussels
as minister. In 1919, he went to the
Whitlock wrote numerous newspaper articles, short stories, novels, essays, biographies, non-fiction and memoirs. His novels dealt with political and social issues.
* (1908). Abraham Lincoln. * (1910-1913). On the Enforcement of Law in Cities. * (1914). Forty Years of It. * (1919). Belgium: a Personal Record * (1920). Walt Whitman: How to Know Him. * (1929). Lafayette. * (1936). The Letters and Journal of Brand Whitlock.
* (1902). The Thirteenth District: The Story of a Candidate. * (1904). The Happy Average. * (1904). Her Infinite Variety. * (1907). The Turn of the Balance. * (1910). The Gold Brick. * (1912). The Fall Guy. * (1923). J. Hardin and Son. * (1926). Uprooted. * (1927). Transplanted. * (1928). Big Matt. * (1931). Narcissus. * (1931). The Little Green Shutter. * (1933). The Stranger on the Island.
REPRESENTED IN POPULAR CULTURE
John F. Kennedy wrote about Altgeld's pardons of men from the
Haymarket Affair in his book, Profiles in Courage. In the 1965
television show based on the book, John Kerr played Brand Whitlock.
* The Reluctant Hero:
LEGACY AND HONORS
For his service to Belgium, Whitlock received numerous honors,
including the Order of Leopold knighthood. A boulevard in Brussels
was named for him in the
* ^ Crunden, Robert M. (1969). A Hero in Spite of Himself - Brand
Whitlock in Art, Politics, and War. New York: Alfred A. Knoff, Inc. p.
* ^ A B C Crunden, Robert M. (1969). A Hero in Spite of Himself -
* Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Whitlock, Brand". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
* Anderson, David D. (1968). Brand Whitlock. New York: Twayne
* Bremner, Robert H. (1950). "The Civic Revival in Ohio: Artist in
Politics: Brand Whitlock," The American Journal of Economics and
Sociology, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 239–254.
* Cayton, Andrew (2002). Ohio: The History of a People. Columbus:
The Ohio State University Press.
* Hofstadter, Richard (1960). The Age of Reform: From Bryan to
F.D.R. New York, NY: Vintage Books.
* Hofstadter, Richard (1963). The Progressive Movement, 1900-1915.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
* McGerr, Michael (2003). A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of
the Progressive Movement in America, 1870-1920. New York, NY: Free
* Thorburn, Neil (1968). "