HOME
The Info List - Brahmoism



--- Advertisement ---


(i)

BRAHMOISM is a religious movement from the late 19th century Bengal originating the Bengali Renaissance
Bengali Renaissance
, the nascent Indian independence movement and the wider Hindu
Hindu
reform movements of the period. Adherents, known as Brahmos (singular Brahmo), are mainly of Indian or Bangladeshi origin or nationality. The Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj , literally the "Divine Society", was founded as a movement by Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy
. Placing great importance on the use of reason, he aimed to reform Hindu religious and social practices, being influenced by the monotheistic religions and modern science.

CONTENTS

* 1 Fundamental principles

* 1.1 Articles of faith

* 2 History * 3 Brief history and timeline * 4 See also * 5 Notes and references

FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

The Brahmo
Brahmo
articles of faith derive from the Fundamental (Adi) Principles of the Adi Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj religion.

* On God: There is always Infinite (limitless, undefinable, imperceivable, indivisible) Singularity - immanent and transcendent Singular Author and Preserver of Existence - "He" whose Love is manifest everywhere and in everything, in the fire and in the water, in the smallest plant to the mightiest oak. * On Being: Being is created from Singularity. Being is renewed to Singularity. Being exists to be one (again) with Loving Singularity. (See Tat Tvam Asi
Tat Tvam Asi
.) * On Intelligent Existence: Righteous (worshipful, intelligent, moral) actions alone rule (regulate ) Existence against Chaos (loss ). Knowledge (Intelligence ) of pure Conscience (light within) is the One (Supreme) ruler (authority ) of Existence with no symbol (creation ) or intermediary (being ). * On Love: Respect all creations and beings but never venerate (worship) them for only Singularity can be loved (adored, worshipped).

ARTICLES OF FAITH

The Articles of faith for Brahmos are:

* Brahmos embrace righteousness as the only way of life. * Brahmos embrace truth, knowledge, reason, free will and virtuous intuition (observation) as guides. * Brahmos embrace secular principles but oppose sectarianism and imposition of religious belief into governance (especially propagation of religious belief by government). * Brahmos embrace the co-existence of Brahmo
Brahmo
principles with governance, but oppose all governance in conflict with Brahmo principles. * Brahmos reject narrow theism (especially polytheism), idolatry and symbolism. * Brahmos reject the need for formal rituals, priests or places (church, temple, mosque) for worship. * Brahmos reject dogma and superstition. * Brahmos reject scriptures as authority. * Brahmos reject revelations, prophets, gurus, messiahs, or avatars as authority. * Brahmos reject bigotry and irrational distinctions like caste, creed, colour, race, religion which divide beings. * Brahmos reject all forms of totalitarianism. * Brahmos examine the prevalent notion of "sin". * Brahmos examine the prevalent notions of "heaven" or "hell". * Brahmos examine the prevalent notion of "salvation".

Adherence to these articles are required only of Adi Brahmos or such Sadharan Brahmos who accept Adi-ism i.e. Trust deed of Brahmo
Brahmo
Sabha (1830).

HISTORY

Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy
's quest for religious truth had led him to study with an open mind the scriptures of all major religions. Thus he not only studied the Hindu
Hindu
scriptures such as the Vedas
Vedas
in Sanskrit; he also read the Quran in Arabic and the Bible in Hebrew and Greek. His study of different religions convinced him that since every religion had the same end, namely, the moral regeneration of mankind, each stood in need of reinterpretation and reassessment in changing circumstances of the time. Therefore, he thought there was no reason for him to give up Hinduism
Hinduism
and accept any other religion. He accepted the universal moral teachings of every religion but without its dogma, ritual and superstition.

While Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy
aimed at reforming Hinduism
Hinduism
from within, his successor Maharshi Debendranath Tagore
Debendranath Tagore
in 1850 rejected the authority of the Vedas
Vedas
and thus broke with orthodox Hinduism
Hinduism
. Tagore tried to retain some Hindu
Hindu
customs, but a series of schisms eventually resulted in the formation of the Sadharan Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj in 1878.

In 1901, a decision of the Privy Council of British India
India
found that "the vast majority of Brahmo
Brahmo
religionists are not Hindus and have their own religion".

The Brahma
Brahma
Dharma
Dharma
was first codified by Debendranath Tagore
Debendranath Tagore
with the formulation of the Brahmo
Brahmo
Dharma
Dharma
Beej and publication of the Brahma Dharma, a book of 1848 or 1850 in two parts. The Brahma
Brahma
Dharma
Dharma
is the source of every Brahmo's spiritual faith and reflects Brahmo repudiation of the Hindu
Hindu
Vedas
Vedas
as authority and the shift away from Ram Mohan Roy's Vedantic Unitary God
God
per the Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
Advaita school. The traditional seed principles and Debendranath's Brahmo Dharma
Dharma
(or religious and moral law) now stand evolved as the "Fundamental Principles of Brahmoism" and are supplemented by precise evolving rules for adherents, akin to "Articles of Faith" which regulate the Brahmo
Brahmo
way of life. In addition the assembly of Brahmos (and also Brahmo
Brahmo
Samajists) for meeting or worship is always consonant with the Trust Principles of 1830 or its derivatives.

BRIEF HISTORY AND TIMELINE

* 1828 : Raja Ram Mohun Roy
Raja Ram Mohun Roy
establishes Brahma
Brahma
Sabha (assembly of Brahmins). * 1829 : Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
admits the first Indians to its membership, the first of whom are Ramkamal Sen , Dwarkanath Tagore
Dwarkanath Tagore
and Prasanna Coomar Tagore . * 1830 : Dwarkanath Tagore, Prasanna Coomar Tagore
Prasanna Coomar Tagore
and Ors. establish the first Brahmo
Brahmo
Place for Worship
Worship
through a legal Trust Deed at Chitpur
Chitpur
( Jorasanko
Jorasanko
Kolkatta
Kolkatta
India
India
). Ram Mohun departs for Britain. * 1833 : Ram Mohun dies in Bristol. * 1839 : Debendranath Tagore
Debendranath Tagore
forms Tattwabodhini (@Tattvaranjini) Sabha, the "Truth ">

* ^ Chambers Dictionary Of World History. Editor BP Lenman. Chambers. 2000. * ^ Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj Website * ^ brahmosamaj.org - BRAHMO SAMAJ * ^ Ahmed, AF Salahuddin (2012). " Brahma
Brahma
Sabha". In Islam, Sirajul ; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. * ^ Official website http://brahmosamaj.org/ "In 1901 (Bhagwan Koer & Ors v J.C.Bose Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(First ed.). Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006. * ^ http://www.nau.edu/cline/courses/Hay_-_Leaders_of_hindu_reform_and_revival_PDF.pdf * ^ http://www.ccsindia.org/lssreader/14lssreader.pdf * ^ Shivanath Shastri 's Brahmo
Brahmo
History (1911) p.114 * ^ "Daughter of Boston: The Extraordinary Diary of Caroline Dall", by Helen Deese. p.xv" * ^ A B " Charles Dall Archived March 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Primary Source: History of Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj by Sivanath Sastri 1911, Secondary Source: Official website brahmosamaj.org

* v * t * e

Religion
Religion

MAJOR RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS

ABRAHAMIC

JUDAISM

* Orthodox

* Haredi * Hasidic * Modern

* Conservative * Reform * Karaite * Reconstructionist * Renewal * Humanistic * Haymanot
Haymanot

CHRISTIANITY

* Catholicism

* Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches

* Eastern Christianity
Christianity

* Church of the East
Church of the East

* Assyrian Church of the East
Church of the East

* Eastern Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy

* Oriental Orthodoxy
Oriental Orthodoxy

* Ethiopian Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy

* Independent Catholicism

* Old Catholicism

* Protestantism
Protestantism

* Adventism
Adventism
* Anabaptism
Anabaptism
* Anglicanism
Anglicanism
* Baptists
Baptists

* Calvinism
Calvinism

* Presbyterianism
Presbyterianism
* Congregationalism * Continental Reformed

* Lutheranism
Lutheranism
* Methodism
Methodism
* Pentecostalism
Pentecostalism
* Evangelicalism
Evangelicalism

* Nontrinitarianism
Nontrinitarianism

* Jehovah\'s Witnesses * Mormonism
Mormonism
* Jesuism
Jesuism

* Nondenominational

ISLAM

* Sunni

* Hanafi
Hanafi
* Maliki
Maliki
* Hanbali
Hanbali
* Shafi\'i

* Shia

* Twelver
Twelver
* Isma\'ilism * Zaidiyyah
Zaidiyyah

* Ahmadi * Ibadi
Ibadi
* Non-denominational * Quranism
Quranism
* Zahirism

* Salafism

* Wahhabism
Wahhabism
* Ahl al-Hadith
Ahl al-Hadith

* Mahdavia
Mahdavia
* European Islam
Islam
* Nation of Islam
Islam

OTHERS

* Bábism
Bábism

* Azáli Bábism
Bábism
* Bahá\'í Faith
Faith

* Druze
Druze
* Mandaeism
Mandaeism
* Rastafari
Rastafari
* Samaritanism
Samaritanism

DHARMIC

HINDUISM

* Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
* Shaktism
Shaktism
* Shaivism
Shaivism
* Ayyavazhi
Ayyavazhi
* Smartism * Balinese

BUDDHISM

* Mahayana
Mahayana

* Chan

* Zen
Zen
* Thiền * Seon

* Pure Land * Nichiren * Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
* Tiantai
Tiantai

* Theravada
Theravada

* Vajrayana
Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Newar * Bon
Bon

* Navayana
Navayana

OTHERS

* Jainism
Jainism

* Digambara
Digambara
* Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara

* Sikhism
Sikhism
* Gurung shamanism * Bon
Bon
Lamaism * Kirant Mundhum
Kirant Mundhum

IRANIAN

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism

* Yazdânism
Yazdânism

* Yazidism * Ishikism * Ali-Illahism * Yarsanism
Yarsanism

* Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism

EUROPEAN

* Armenian

* Baltic

* Dievturība
Dievturība
* Druwi
Druwi
* Romuva

* Caucasian

* Celtic

* Druidry

* Germanic * Hellenism * Italo-Roman * Romanian * Slavic

URALIC

* Finnish * Hungarian

* Uralic

* Mari * Mordvin * Udmurt

Central and Northern Asian

* Burkhanism
Burkhanism
* Chuvash * Manchu * Mongolian * Siberian * Tengrism
Tengrism

EAST ASIAN

* Confucianism
Confucianism
* Faism * Taoism
Taoism
* Luoism * Neo- Confucianism
Confucianism
* Shenism * Wuism * Shinto
Shinto
* Ryukyuan religion
Ryukyuan religion
* Cheondoism
Cheondoism
* Muism * Jeungsanism * Benzhuism
Benzhuism
* Bimoism
Bimoism
* Bon
Bon
* Dongbaism * Hmongism * Meishanism * Mileism * Shigongism * Yiguandao
Yiguandao

SOUTHEAST ASIAN

* Burmese * Caodaism
Caodaism
* Satsana Phi * Malaysian * Marapu (Sumba) * Indonesian * Kaharingan
Kaharingan
* Hoahaoism * Javanism * Philippine

* Vietnamese

* Đạo Mẫu
Đạo Mẫu

AFRICAN

TRADITIONAL

* Akan * Akamba * Baluba * Bantu * Berber * Bushongo * Cushitic * Dinka * Efik * Fon and Ewe * Guanche * Igbo * Isoko * Lotuko * Lozi * Lugbara * Maasai * Mbuti * San * Serer * Tumbuka * Waaq * Yoruba * Zulu

DIASPORIC

* Candomblé
Candomblé
* Kumina * Obeah
Obeah
* Quimbanda * Palo * Santería
Santería
* Umbanda
Umbanda
* Vodou * Voodoo * Winti

OTHER GROUPS

* Bathouism
Bathouism
* Bongthingism * Donyi-Polo
Donyi-Polo
* Dravidian * Kiratism * Sanamahism
Sanamahism
* Sarnaism
Sarnaism
* Aboriginal Australian * Native American * Mesoamerican * Hawaiian * Polynesian

RECENT

* Discordianism
Discordianism
* Pastafarianism
Pastafarianism
* Eckankar
Eckankar
* Jediism * New Age
New Age
* New Thought
New Thought
* Raëlism
Raëlism
* Satanism
Satanism
* Scientology
Scientology
* Thelema
Thelema
* Unitarian Universalism * Wicca
Wicca

HISTORICAL RELIGIONS

PREHISTORIC

* Paleolithic

NEAR EAST

* Arabian * Egyptian * Mesopotamian * Semitic

INDO-EUROPEAN

ASIA

* Proto-Indo-Iranian * Armenian * Ossetian * Vedic

* Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism

* Mithraism
Mithraism
* Zurvanism

* Gnosticism
Gnosticism

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism

EUROPE

* Celtic

* Germanic

* Anglo-Saxon * Continental * Norse

* Greek

* Gnosticism
Gnosticism
* Neoplatonism
Neoplatonism

* Manichaeism
Manichaeism
* Balkan * Roman * Slavic

TOPICS

ASPECTS

* Apostasy
Apostasy
/ Disaffiliation * Behaviour * Beliefs * Clergy
Clergy
* Conversion * Deities * Entheogens * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Denomination * Faith
Faith
* Fire * Folk religion
Folk religion
* God
God
* Meditation
Meditation

* Monasticism
Monasticism

* monk * nun

* Mysticism
Mysticism
* Mythology * Nature * Ordination
Ordination
* Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
* Orthopraxy
Orthopraxy
* Prayer
Prayer
* Religious experience
Religious experience

* Ritual
Ritual

* liturgy * sacrifice

* Spirituality
Spirituality
* Supernatural
Supernatural
* Symbols * Truth * Water * Worship
Worship

THEISM

* Animism
Animism
* Deism
Deism
* Dualism
Dualism
* Henotheism * Monotheism
Monotheism
* Nontheism * Panentheism * Pantheism
Pantheism
* Polytheism
Polytheism
* Transtheism

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

* Anthropology * Cognitive science * Comparative * Development * Evolutionary origin * Evolutionary psychology * History * Philosophy * Neurotheology
Neurotheology
* Psychology * Sociology * Theology
Theology
* Theories * Women

Religion
Religion
and society

* Agriculture * Business

* Clergy
Clergy

* monasticism * ordination

* Conversion

* evangelism * missionary * proselytism

* Education * Fanaticism

* Freedom

* pluralism * syncretism * toleration * universalism

* Fundamentalism * Growth * Happiness * Homosexuality * Minorities * National church
National church
* National religiosity levels * Religiocentrism * Political science * Populations * Schism
Schism
* Science * State * Theocracy
Theocracy
* Vegetarianism * Video games

* Violence

* persecution * terrorism * war

* Wealth

Secularism
Secularism
and irreligion

* Antireligion * Deism
Deism
* Agnosticism
Agnosticism
* Atheism
Atheism
* Criticism * LaVeyan Satanism
Satanism
* Deconstruction * Humanistic Judaism
Judaism
* Irreligion by country * Objectivism * Secular humanism
Secular humanism
* Secular theology * Secularization
Secularization
* Separation of church and state
Separation of church and state
* Unaffiliated

Overviews and lists

* Index * Outline * Timeline * Abrahamic prophets * Deification * Deities * Founders * Mass gatherings * New religious movements * Organizations * Religions and spiritual traditions * Scholars

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Bengal Renaissance

PEOPLE

* Sri Aurobindo
Sri Aurobindo
* Rajnarayan Basu
Rajnarayan Basu
* Jagadish Chandra Bose
Jagadish Chandra Bose
* Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose * Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose
* Bethune * Upendranath Brahmachari
Upendranath Brahmachari
* Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
* Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
* Akshay Kumar Datta
Akshay Kumar Datta
* Henry Derozio * Alexander Duff * Michael Madhusudan Dutt
Michael Madhusudan Dutt
* Romesh Chunder Dutt
Romesh Chunder Dutt
* Anil Kumar Gain
Anil Kumar Gain
* Dwarkanath Ganguly
Dwarkanath Ganguly
* Kadambini Ganguly
Kadambini Ganguly
* Monomohun Ghose
Monomohun Ghose
* Ramgopal Ghosh
Ramgopal Ghosh
* Aghore Nath Gupta
Aghore Nath Gupta
* David Hare * Kazi Nazrul Islam
Islam
* Eugène Lafont
Eugène Lafont
* Ashutosh Mukherjee * Harish Chandra Mukherjee * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Paramahamsa * Gour Govinda Ray * Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury
Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury
* Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Ram Mohan Roy
* Meghnad Saha
Meghnad Saha
* Akshay Chandra Sarkar * Mahendralal Sarkar * Brajendra Nath Seal
Brajendra Nath Seal
* Girish Chandra Sen
Girish Chandra Sen
* Keshub Chandra Sen
Keshub Chandra Sen
* Haraprasad Shastri * Debendranath Tagore
Debendranath Tagore
* Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore
* Satyendranath Tagore * Jnanadanandini Devi
Devi
* Sitanath Tattwabhushan * Brahmabandhav Upadhyay * Ram Chandra Vidyabagish * Dwarkanath Vidyabhusan * Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
* Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
* Paramahansa Yogananda
Paramahansa Yogananda
* Begum Rokeya
Begum Rokeya

CULTURE

* Adi Dharm
Adi Dharm
* Bengali literature
Bengali literature
* Bengali poetry
Bengali poetry
* Bengali music * Brahmo
Brahmo
Samaj * British Raj
British Raj
* British Indian Association * History of Bengal
History of Bengal
* Nazrul geeti * Rabindra Nritya Natya
Rabindra Nritya Natya
* Rabindra Sangeet
Rabindra Sangeet
* Sambad Prabhakar * Socialism in Bengal * Swadeshi * Satyagraha
Satyagraha
* Tattwabodhini Patrika * Tagore family * Bangiya Sahitya Parishad
Bangiya Sahitya Parishad
* Young Bengal
Young Bengal

INSTITUTIONS

* Anandamohan College
Anandamohan College
* Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
* Banga Mahila Vidyalaya * Bangabasi College * Bethune College
Bethune College
* Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur * Calcutta Madrasah College * Calcutta Medical College * Fort William College * General Assembly\'s Institution * Hindu
Hindu
Mahila Vidyalaya * Hindu
Hindu
Theatre * Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science
* Midnapore College * National Council of Education, Bengal * Oriental Seminary
Oriental Seminary
* Presidency College * Ripon College * Sanskrit College * Scottish Church College
Scottish Church College
* Serampore College * St. Xavier\'s College, Kolkata * Vidyasagar College
Vidyasagar College
* Visva-Bharati University * University of Calcutta
University of Calcutta
* University of Dhaka
University of Dhaka

Other renaissance and revolutionary movements

* Bhakti
Bhakti
movement * Gaudiya Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
* Brahmoism * Sannyasi Rebellion * Indian independence movement
Indian independence movement
* Kalighat painting
Kalighat painting
* Jugantar
Jugantar
movement * Bengal School of Art
Bengal School of Art
* Hindu–German Conspiracy
Hindu–German Conspiracy
* Kallol * Gananatya Andolan * Bratachari movement * Bengali Little Magazine Movement * Parallel Cinema * Indian Communism * Naxalism * Hungryalism * Prakalpana Movement

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Brahmoism
Brahmoism
additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------