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Shiksha Chandas Vyakarana Nirukta Kalpa Jyotisha

Puranas Brahma
Brahma
puranas

Brahma Brahmānda Brahmavaivarta Markandeya Bhavishya

Vaishnava puranas

Vishnu Bhagavata Naradiya Garuda Padma Vamana Kurma Matsya

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Yoga
Vasistha Swara yoga Shiva
Shiva
Samhita Gheranda Samhita Panchadasi Vedantasara Stotra

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v t e

The Brahma
Brahma
Purana (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म पुराण, Brahma
Brahma
Purāņa) is one of the eighteen major Puranas
Puranas
genre of Hindu texts in Sanskrit language.[1] It is listed as the first Maha-Purana in all the anthologies, and therefore also called Adi Purana.[1][2] Another title for this text is Saura Purana, because it includes many chapters related to Surya
Surya
or the Sun god.[3] The name Brahma
Brahma
Purana is misleading and apocryphal because the extant manuscripts of this text have nothing to do with the Hindu
Hindu
god Brahma, and are actually just a compilation of geographical Mahatmya (travel guides)[4] and sections on diverse topics.[5][6] The extant text is likely not the ancient Brahma
Brahma
Purana, but one that was completely changed between the 13th to 16th-century BCE, may be after.[7][8][9] The surviving manuscripts comprise 245 chapters.[2] It is divided into two parts: the Purvabhaga (former part) and the Uttarabhaga (latter part).[5] The text exists in numerous versions, with significant differences, and the text was revised continually over time.[5] Further, the Brahma
Brahma
Purana likely borrowed numerous passages from other Hindu texts
Hindu texts
such as the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and Puranas such as the Vishnu, Vayu, Samba, and Markandeya.[2][6]

The Brahma
Brahma
Purana dedicates a majority of its chapter to describing the geography, temples and scenes around the Godavari River and of Odisha.[6]

The text is notable for dedicating over 60% of its chapters on description of geography and holy sites of Godavari river region, as well as places in and around modern Odisha, and tributaries of Chambal river in Rajasthan.[1][10] This travel guide-like sections are non-sectarian, and celebrates sites and temples related to Vishnu, Shiva, Devi
Devi
and Surya.[2] The coverage of Jagannatha (Krishna, Vishnu-related) temples, however, is larger than the other three, leading scholars to the hypothesis that the authors of extant manuscripts may have been authors belonging to Vaishnavism.[2][11] Its presentation of the Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple
is notable.[1] Out of 245 chapters, 18 chapters of the Brahma
Brahma
Purana cover the cosmology, mythology, genealogy, manvantara (cosmic time cycles) and topics that are required to make a text belong to the Puranic genre of literature. Other chapters cover Sanskara (rite of passage), summary of Dharmasastra, its theories on the geography of earth, summary of Samkhya
Samkhya
and Yoga
Yoga
theories of Hindu
Hindu
philosophy, and other topics.[1][5] While many chapters of the Brahma
Brahma
Purana praise temples and pilgrimage, chapters 38-40 of the text, a part of embedded Saura Purana, present arguments that are highly critical of the theistic theories and devotional worship proposals of 13th-century Madhvacharya and Dvaita
Dvaita
Vedanta sub-school of Hindu
Hindu
philosophies.[12][13][14]

Shiva
Shiva
is Atman (soul, self).

Brahma
Brahma
Purana[12]

The Padma Purana
Padma Purana
categorizes Brahma
Brahma
Purana as a Rajas
Rajas
Purana, implying the text is related to Brahma,[15] but extant manuscripts have nothing to do with Brahma.[5] Scholars consider the Sattva-Rajas-Tamas classification as "entirely fanciful" and there is nothing in this text that actually justifies this classification.[16] The manuscripts of travel guide to Godavari-river region from this Purana is found as a separate text, and is called Gautami-mahatmya or Godavari-mahatmya, while the one corresponding to Rajasthan
Rajasthan
region is called Brahmottara Purana.[1][10] The tradition and other Puranas assert the Brahma
Brahma
Purana had 10,000 verses, but the surviving manuscripts contain between 7,000 and 8,000 verses exclusive of the Brahmottara Purana supplement which adds between 2,000 and 3,000 verses depending on different versions of the same text.[3] Sohnen and Schreiner published a summary of the Brahma
Brahma
Purana in 1989.[17][18] See also[edit]

Bhagavata Purana Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana Shiva
Shiva
Purana Markandeya Purana Gudhi Padwa

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Dalal 2014, p. 80. ^ a b c d e Rocher 1986, p. 155. ^ a b Wilson 1864, p. xxvii. ^ Ariel Glucklich 2008, p. 146, Quote: The earliest promotional works aimed at tourists from that era were called mahatmyas. ^ a b c d e Rocher 1986, pp. 154-156. ^ a b c Rajendra Chandra Hazra 1940, pp. 145-156. ^ K P Gietz 1992, p. 530 with note 2945. ^ Wilson 1864, p. xxvii-xxix. ^ Winternitz 1922, pp. 511-512. ^ a b Rocher 1986, pp. 155-156. ^ Wilson 1864, p. xxviii-xxix. ^ a b Winternitz 1922, p. 512. ^ Rocher 1986, p. 221 with footnote 385. ^ W Jahn, Das Saurapuranam: ein Kompendium spaetindischer Kulturgeschichte und des 'Sivaismus, Strassburg: Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 978-3111154480, pages 90-106 (in German) ^ Wilson 1864, p. 12. ^ Rocher 1986, p. 21. ^ Gregory Bailey 2003, p. 146. ^ Renate Söhnen; Peter Schreiner (1989). Brahmapurāṇa. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. ISBN 978-3-447-02960-5. 

Bibliography[edit]

Gregory Bailey (2003). Arvind Sharma, ed. The Study of Hinduism. University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-57003-449-7.  Dalal, Rosen (2014). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin. ISBN 978-8184752779.  K P Gietz; et al. (1992). Epic and Puranic Bibliography (Up to 1985) Annoted and with Indexes: Part I: A - R, Part II: S - Z, Indexes. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. ISBN 978-3-447-03028-1.  Ariel Glucklich (2008). The Strides of Vishnu : Hindu
Hindu
Culture in Historical Perspective: Hindu
Hindu
Culture in Historical Perspective. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-971825-2.  Rajendra Chandra Hazra (1940). Studies in the Puranic Records on Hindu Rites and Customs. Motilal Banarsidass (1987 Reprint). ISBN 978-81-208-0422-7.  Rocher, Ludo (1986). The Puranas. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. ISBN 978-3447025225.  Wilson, H. H. (1864). The Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana: A System of Hindu
Hindu
Mythology and Tradition (Volume 1: Introduction, Book I). Read Country Books (reprinted in 2006). ISBN 1-84664-664-2.  Winternitz, Maurice (1922). History of Indian Literature Vol 1 (Original in German, translated into English by VS Sarma, 1981). New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass (Reprint 2010). ISBN 978-8120802643. 

External links[edit]

The Brahma
Brahma
Purana English translation by G. P. Bhatt, 1955 (includes glossary) Brahmapurana, Sanskrit Manuscript, Archived by SanskritDocuments.Org Brahmapurana (Sanskrit, IAST-Translit), SARIT Initiative, The British Association for South Asian Studies and The British Academy Brahmapurana, Sanskrit, English, Hindi, Bengali and Telugu

v t e

Puranas

Mahapurana

Brahma Brahmanda Brahma
Brahma
Vaivarta Markendeya Bhavishya Vamana Vishnu Bhagavata Naradiya Garuda Padma Varaha Vayu Linga Skanda Agni Matsya Kurma Shiva

Upapurana

Brihaddharma Devi-Bhagavata Ganesha Kalki Kalika Kapila Mudgala Narasimha Samba Saura Shivarahasya Vishnudharmottara

v t e

Jagannath
Jagannath
worship

Deities

Jagannath Balabhadra Subhadra Sudarshana Chakra

Temples

Odisha

Puri Gundicha Temple Baripada Gunupur Koraput Nayagarh Bhubaneswar Kendrapara Chhatia Bata Dharakote Patali Srikhetra Barbil

Other parts of India

Agartala Ahmedabad Bangalore Chennai Delhi Hyderabad Ranchi Medinipur Alwar Mahesh Hajo

Abroad

Comilla Dhamrai Pabna South Africa Sialkot

Festivals and ceremonies

Chandan Yatra Dola Yatra Panchaka Nabakalebara

2015

Rath Yatra Snana Yatra Besha

Suna Besha

Texts

Bhagavata Purana Brahma
Brahma
Purana Gita Govinda Kapila Purana Madala Panji Skanda Purana Dahuka boli

Devotees

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Jayadeva Salabega Sarala Dasa

Indradyumna

See also

Gahana Vije Mahaprasad Nilachal Nila Chakra Neela Madhava Samkha Kshetra Shri Jagannath
Jagannath
Temple Act, 1955 ISKC

.