HOME
The Info List - Bradenstoke Priory





Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory
Priory
was a medieval priory of Augustinian
Augustinian
canons regular in the village of Bradenstoke, Wiltshire, England. In the 1930s the property was purchased by William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst
and some of its structures were used by him for the renovation of St Donat's Castle, near Llantwit Major, Wales.

Contents

1 Foundation and four centuries of life 2 The Dissolution 3 Recent history 4 Present-day remains 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Foundation and four centuries of life[edit] The priory was founded in 1142 as the Augustinian
Augustinian
priory of Clack, and dedicated to Saint Mary.[1] It was well-sited on a high ridge near a holy well, with further springs nearby; there is some evidence that a chapel of the era of Henry I already existed at the holy well.[1] The founder,[2] Walter FitzEdward de Salisbury, was the son of Edward de Salisbury,[3] a High Sheriff of Wiltshire; he gave lands for a priory as a daughter house of St. Mary's Abbey, Cirencester, according to its charter, "to serve God forever!".[4] After the death of his wife, he "took the tonsure and habit of the canons" and on his death in 1147, was buried in the Priory, near the choir.[4] His descendants, the Earls of Salisbury remained closely connected with the priory for many years.[1] In 1190 thirteen of the canons migrated to form the first community of Cartmel Priory, now in Cumbria, which had been recently founded by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke.[5] Throughout most of its early history, the priory also enjoyed royal support, being granted a charter by Henry II some time between 1173 and 1179; Richard I also lent assistance for the priory to break away from the abbot of Cirencester to become a priory in its own right, and King John, a frequent visitor, intervened to confirm this secession.[1] This tradition continued with the grant of royal protection by Henry III, who visited in 1235.[1]

The tower

Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory
Priory
and demesne

By the 14th century, Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory
Priory
had gained wealth and lands in nine counties besides Wiltshire.[6] This does not imply that the community lived in luxury or were corrupt. It was not a backwater, since in its latter years it had benefitted from the residence of its then prior, Thomas Wallashe, in the household of Cardinal Bainbridge, Archbishop of York, during his embassy in Rome (1509-1514), to obtain extensive papal privileges for the priory.[7] The Dissolution[edit] At first it seemed that Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory
Priory
would escape the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and the last prior, William Snowe, wrote to Thomas Cromwell
Thomas Cromwell
thanking him for saving the monastery.[8] However, the priory was suppressed as a religious institution and surrendered by prior Snowe and thirteen canons on 17 January 1539.[1] At about this time, its total income was £270 10s 8d,[9] or at least £212 in 1535.[10] The property then passed from the Crown to a Richard Pexel (or Pecsall) and his heirs sold it to the Methuen family of Corsham.[11] Prior Snowe was granted a Crown pension on 24 April 1539,[12] and was later appointed Dean of Bristol
Dean of Bristol
(1542–1551).[13] John Aubrey
John Aubrey
described the priory as "Very well built, with good strong ribs", and having a cellar "the stateliest in Wiltshire".[1] But he added "the very fundations [sic] of this fair church are now, 1666, digged up, where I saw severall freestone coffins ... and severall capitalls and bases of handsome Gothique pillars. On the west end of the hall was the King's lodgeings, which they say were very noble, and standing about 1588."[14] A grange farm at Lower Seagry, near Christian Malford, had been associated with the priory.[15] Recent history[edit]

The undercroft

In 1925, William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst
saw St Donat's Castle
St Donat's Castle
advertised for sale in Country Life magazine and cabled his English agent to buy it.[16] He also bought and removed the guest house, Prior's lodging, and great tithe barn of Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory; of these, some of the materials became a banqueting hall, complete with a sixteenth-century French chimneypiece and windows; also used were a fireplace dated to c. 1514 and a fourteenth-century roof,[1][16] which became part of the Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Hall, despite this use being questioned in Parliament.[17] The demolition of the Priory
Priory
had been strongly opposed by the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, including a poster campaign on the London Underground.[18] The tithe barn was crated and sent to Hearst Castle, San Simeon, California, and sold again when Hearst lost interest.[19] The crates with the barn's roof timbers are stored in a warehouse of Alex Madonna Construction of San Luis Obispo, California.[20] Present-day remains[edit] All that remains of the priory in the 21st century are its tower and undercroft, the latter being identified by English Heritage
English Heritage
in its 1996–97 programme as being at risk and requiring emergency remedial works.[21] It was announced in 2005 that the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs would finance a programme to preserve the orchard and landscape around the remains.[22] See also[edit]

Wyntoon
Wyntoon
– Hearst family estate in California

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Pugh, R.B.; Elizabeth Crittall, eds. (1956). "Houses of Augustinian
Augustinian
canons: Priory
Priory
of Bradenstoke". A History of the County of Wiltshire. Victoria County History. 3. pp. 275–288. Retrieved 14 March 2009.  ^ Bowles, M.A., M.R.S.L.; Rev. W. L.; Nichols; John Gough, Annals and Antiquities of Lacock Abbey (25 Parliament Street; London, England: John Bowyer Nichols and Son, 1835), pg 20 [1] ^ "Earls Created 1138-1143: 11A: Earls of Salisbury". Foundation for Medieval
Medieval
Genealogy. Retrieved 24 August 2017.  ^ a b Bowles, William Lisle (1838). Annals and antiquities of Lacock Abbey. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  ^ "English Priories – Cartmel Priory". The Heritage Trail. Archived from the original on 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2009-03-21.  ^ London, Vera C.M. (1979). "The Cartulary of Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory". 35. Devizes: Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Record Society.  includes abstracts of two cartularies in the British Library ^ Martin Heale, ‘’The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval
Medieval
and Reformation England’’, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 223 ^ Martin Heale, ‘’The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval
Medieval
and Reformation England’’, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 313 ^ Bowles, William Lisle (1838). Annals and antiquities of Lacock Abbey. p. 31. Retrieved 2009-03-24.  ^ David Knowles and R. Neville Hadcock, Medieval
Medieval
Religious Houses, England
England
and Wales, Longmans Green, London, 1953, p. 129. ^ Bowles, William Lisle (1838). Annals and antiquities of Lacock Abbey. p. 32. Retrieved 2009-03-24.  ^ David M. Smith, The Heads of Religious Houses: England
England
and Wales, III. 1377-1540, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2008, p. 386 ^ Martin Heale, ‘’The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval
Medieval
and Reformation England’’, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 313, 378 ^ Aubrey, John (2008). The Natural History of Wiltshire. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-4346-6761-8. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  ^ " Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Swindon Sites and Monument Record Information". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2009-01-23.  ^ a b Harris, John (2007). Moving Rooms :. Yale University Press. pp. 84–86. ISBN 978-0-300-12420-0.  ^ "A DESCRIPTION OF THE CASTLE AND GARDENS". Retrieved 2009-01-23.  ^ SPAB Archives ^ " Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 2009-01-23.  ^ "rootingforancestors". Retrieved 2016-01-24.  ^ "Archaeology Review 1996 – 97 : 4.19 Publications". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  ^ "Historic site set to be restored". archive.thisiswiltshire.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bradenstoke
Bradenstoke
Priory
Priory
at Wikim

.