BRADFORD GATES "BRAD" RUTTER (born January 31, 1978) is the highest-earning contestant on the U.S. syndicated game show Jeopardy! and also the highest-earning American game show contestant of all time .
In 19 regular season and tournament games, Rutter has never lost a
Jeopardy! match against a human opponent (though he twice trailed at
the end of the first game of a two-day tournament match before coming
back to win in the second game). In 2011, both Rutter and Ken Jennings
(another holder, at various times, of the all-time money winning
Jeopardy! and for game shows) were routed in a two-day
exhibition match against an
* 1 Personal life * 2 Jeopardy! winnings * 3 Other game show appearances * 4 Later pursuits * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Until 2007, Rutter lived in
Rutter is a 1995 graduate of Manheim Township High School in Neffsville, Pennsylvania , where he was on the quiz bowl team. He is one of the 19 people to have been named to the National Academic Championship Hall of Fame in its 25-year history. At the 2005 Manheim Township High School graduation ceremony, he announced the start of a scholarship fund in memory of his late high-school quiz bowl coach, Miss Ann Clouser.
Rutter has described himself as a "slacker" in school and a Johns Hopkins dropout (while there, he studied English ). Before his success on Jeopardy!, he worked at the Lancaster Coconuts record store .
Rutter first appeared on
Jeopardy! in October 2000, when the rules
stipulated that a contestant who won five consecutive days retired
undefeated and was guaranteed a spot in the Tournament of Champions.
Rutter retired as an undefeated 5-day champion, with $55,102 in
winnings (he was also awarded a choice of
As a 5-day champion, Rutter was invited to the 2001 Tournament of Champions , where he defeated other 5-day champions and won the $100,000 main prize. He was invited back for the 2002 Million Dollar Masters Tournament , where he won the $1,000,000 main prize and became the all-time money winner in Jeopardy! history.
Rutter returned for the 2005 Ultimate Tournament of Champions , winning the tournament and $2,100,000. After his 2005 tournament win, in which he defeated Jennings and Jerome Vered in the finals, Rutter surpassed Jennings as the highest money-winner ever on American game shows . Jennings later regained his record by 2008 after appearing on various other game shows. There is a minor discrepancy between sources as to Rutter's total Jeopardy! winnings stemming from the prize structure of the Ultimate Tournament of Champions. Those who won the first round earned $15,000, but Rutter was among nine top winners who received a first round bye . While some analysts suggest that Rutter's money totals should include $15,000 for a first round 'win' in this tournament, the official Jeopardy.com website does not count this $15,000 when stating that Rutter's winnings were $3,255,102 after the completion of this tournament.
From February 14–16, 2011, the
Rutter participated in the Jeopardy! 2014 Battle of the Decades , pitting top champions from throughout the previous 30 years of Jeopardy!, where he won the tournament and $1,000,000. With this win, Rutter regained the record as the highest money-winner ever on American game shows, which Jennings had held since 2008.
OTHER GAME SHOW APPEARANCES
He appeared on the U.S. game show
1 vs. 100 (as a member of "the
Mob") on December 1, 2006, and again on December 8, 2006. He answered
every question correctly and was one of only seven mob members to
survive to the next show, as was
Annie Duke . He would eventually be
eliminated on the December 15 episode, on a question about Jewish
Rutter competed in the 2010 World Quizzing Championship , where he finished 140th. He was also a contestant on the 6th episode of Million Dollar Mind Game (aired on November 27, 2011), where his team won $600,000. In May 2012, he did a pilot episode as a "Chaser" for the American version of the British game show The Chase . Fox network ordered two pilots for consideration in its lineup. The Chaser in the other pilot was Mark Labbett , who is one of the five Chasers on both the British and Australian versions of the show. Despite the show not being picked up by Fox, it was later picked by GSN , with Labbett as the only Chaser.
Rutter subsequently moved to southern
He also appeared in the 1990s week of the 2014 Battle of the Decades tournament hosted by Jeopardy! as part of its 30th-anniversary commemoration. He won the March 7, 2014, game against Mike Dupee and Jill Bunzendahl Chimka. He then appeared in the quarterfinals of the tournament again on May 7 against Dan Pawson and Mark M. Lowenthal , and won the game in a lock. On May 13, he defeated Leszek Pawlowicz and Tom Cubbage in the semifinals. Following that, on May 16, 2014, he also defeated