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Bracknell
Bracknell
is a town and civil parish in Berkshire, England, the westernmost area within the Greater London Urban Area and the administrative centre of the Borough of Bracknell
Bracknell
Forest. It lies 11 miles (18 km) to the east of Reading, 9 miles (14 km) south of Maidenhead, 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Windsor and 34 miles (55 km) west of central London. Originally a market village and part of the Windsor Great Forest, Bracknell
Bracknell
experienced a period of huge growth during the mid-20th Century when it was declared a New Town. Planned at first for a population of 25,000, Bracknell
Bracknell
New Town was further expanded in the late 1960s to accommodate a population of 60,000. As part of this expansion, Bracknell
Bracknell
absorbed many of the surrounding hamlets including Easthampstead, Ramslade and Old Bracknell. As of 2016, Bracknell
Bracknell
has an estimated population of around 83,000. Today, Bracknell
Bracknell
is known for being a commercial centre and the UK headquarters for several high-tech companies including Siemens, Fujitsu, Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard
and 3M. The town is surrounded, on the east and south, by Swinley Woods
Swinley Woods
and Crowthorne
Crowthorne
Woods. The urban area has absorbed parts of many local outlying areas including Ascot, Warfield, Winkfield
Winkfield
and Binfield.

Contents

1 History

1.1 New town

2 Regeneration 3 Demography 4 Business 5 Local government 6 Geography 7 Arts 8 Transport

8.1 Bracknell
Bracknell
bus services

9 Sport and leisure 10 Education 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

Holy Trinity, built in 1851

The name Bracknell
Bracknell
is first recorded in a Winkfield
Winkfield
Boundary Charter of AD 942 as Braccan heal, and may mean "Nook of land belonging to a man called Bracca", from the Old English
Old English
Braccan (genitive singular of a personal name) + heal, healh (a corner, nook or secret place).[1] An early form of the town's name, Brakenhale, still survives as the name of one of its schools. The town covers all of the old village of Easthampstead
Easthampstead
(though not all of the old parish) and the hamlet of Ramslade. There is a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
round barrow at Bill Hill. Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park was a favoured royal hunting lodge in Windsor Forest and Catherine of Aragon was banished there until her divorce was finalised.[2] It was later the home of the Trumbulls who were patrons of Alexander Pope from Binfield.[2] To the north-east of the town is to be found the Quelm Stone, a standing stone,[3] and to the south-west, just over the border in Crowthorne, is Caesar's Camp, an Iron Age
Iron Age
hill fort.[4] One of the oldest buildings in the town is the 'Old Manor' public house, a 17th-century brick manor house featuring a number of priest holes.[5] Next door once stood the 'Hind's Head' coaching inn, where it is said Dick Turpin
Dick Turpin
used to drink.[5] It is believed that there were once underground tunnels between the two, along which the famous highwayman could escape from the authorities.[5] Other surviving old pubs are the Red Lion and the Bull, all timber-framed and dating from before the 18th century. The oldest place of worship in the town is the parish church of St Michael and St Mary Magdalene in Easthampstead. There has been a church there since Saxon times, although the present building dates from the mid 19th century, except for the lower portions of the Tudor tower.[6] Holy Trinity Church near the town centre was built in 1851.[7] New town[edit] Bracknell
Bracknell
was designated a new town in 1949,[8] in the aftermath of the Second World War. The site was originally a village cum small town in the civil parish of Warfield
Warfield
in the Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Rural District. Very little of the original Bracknell
Bracknell
is left. The location was preferred to White Waltham, which was also considered, because the Bracknell
Bracknell
site avoided encroaching on good quality agricultural land. It also had the additional advantage of being on a railway line. The new town was planned for 25,000 people; it was intended to occupy over 1,000 hectares (about 6 square miles) of land in and around 'Old Bracknell' in the area now occupied by Priestwood, Easthampstead, Bullbrook
Bullbrook
and Harmans Water. The existing town centre and industrial areas were to be retained with new industry brought in to provide jobs.[9] However, the town has since expanded far beyond its intended size into farmland to the south, and major expansion is now, as of 2008, under way (Jennett's Park[10]) to the west of the town at Peacock Farm and The Parks on the site of the former RAF Staff College.[11] At the heart of most Bracknell
Bracknell
neighbourhoods is a church, a small parade of shops, a primary school, a community centre and a pub. The neighbourhoods varied in population from 3,000 to 9,000. The plans included pedestrianisation, the construction of a ring road, and segregation of industrial areas from residential areas.[12][13] A slightly confusing feature of some of the estates is that streets only have names, not titles – in Birch Hill, Crown Wood, Great Hollands and others there is no 'Road', 'Avenue', 'Street', just 'Frobisher', 'Jameston', 'Juniper', 'Jevington'. The residential streets are, however, named in alphabetical order in Great Hollands and Wildridings, with As, through Ds, such as Donnybrook, in Hanworth, Js, such as 'Jameston', 'Juniper' and 'Jevington' in Birch Hill. Regeneration[edit] Because of Bracknell's age, it was decided that it should undergo renovation. Designs and plans were submitted and rejected first time round. The council went for a second attempt and were accepted, work was due to commence early in 2008 but due to the global credit crises plans were postponed. The cost is estimated at around £750 million. It is hoped that the regeneration will provide brand new services, a completely redeveloped town centre, 1,000 new homes and new police and bus stations.[14][15] A major refurbishment of the town centre is taking place with the Borough Council working in partnership with the Bracknell
Bracknell
Regeneration Limited Partnership a registered company in Jersey, Channel Islands (Legal & General and Schroders) to regenerate the town centre with new shops and facilities. The first stage of the redevelopment began with the opening of a new Waitrose
Waitrose
store in December 2011. By June 2013 shops in the northern part of the town in Broadway and Crossway had been vacated. Demolition of this area then began in September 2013, and was completed in December 2013. Construction of new shops, restaurants, and a Cineworld cinema began in April 2015, and was opened on 7 September 2017.[16] On 4 September 2015 it was announced that the new development would be known as The Lexicon[17] Demography[edit] According to the 2011 Census.[18] 94% of Bracknell
Bracknell
residents can speak English. The second language being Nepalese, at 0.90%, followed by Polish at 0.70%, Tagalog/Filipino at 0.30% and French and Spanish, both at 0.30%.[19] 61% of residents identify themselves as Christian. The second most common belief is 'none', with 35% of residents choosing this in the census, in third place is Hinduism at 1.61%, followed by Islam at 1.13% and Buddhism at 0.73%.[citation needed][20] Business[edit]

Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park Conference Centre

The town is home to companies such as Panasonic, Egnyte, Fujitsu (formerly ICL), Dell, HP Inc., Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Brocade Communications Systems, Siemens
Siemens
(originally Nixdorf), Riverbed, Honeywell, Intercall, Broadcom, Avnet Technology Solutions, Novell, Vodafone, Honda, Tracks Laser & Electronics and WorkForce Software. The Royal Warrant Holders as chimney sweepers are based in Neuman Crescent.[21] The Southern Industrial Area houses the head office of Waitrose.[22] The 70-acre (280,000 m2) site which houses the Waitrose
Waitrose
head office also houses the central distribution centre. Waitrose
Waitrose
has operated from the town since the 1970s, with a recently added supermarket in the town centre in 2011. Manufacturing industry has largely disappeared since the 1980s. Former significant sites included Clifford's Dairy in Downshire Way and British Aerospace
British Aerospace
(originally Sperry Gyroscope) now occupied by Arlington Square, a 22-acre (8ha) business park[23] of which the first stage was completed in 1995. The Thomas Lawrence brickworks on the north side of the town was famous for 'red rubber' bricks to be found in the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
and Westminster Cathedral, and in restoration work at 10 Downing Street
10 Downing Street
and Hampton Court Palace. In the town centre was the 12-storey Winchester House, formerly owned by 3M who moved to new premises in Farley Wood
Farley Wood
on the town's northern edge in 2004. The building was demolished and is to be replaced with blocks of flats[24] The town was also the home of Racal and Ferranti Computer Systems Ltd. The Met Office
Met Office
maintained a large presence in the town until 2003, when it relocated to Exeter
Exeter
in Devon; however, the junction of the A329 and A3095 is still named the "Met Office Roundabout". Many businesses are located on the town's three industrial areas. Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park in the southern suburb of Easthampstead
Easthampstead
is now a conference centre owned by Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Borough Council. Local government[edit] Bracknell
Bracknell
was made a civil parish in its own right in 1955. Under the Local Government Act 1972, the entire Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Rural District became the Bracknell
Bracknell
District on 1 April 1974. In 1988, it was granted borough status, and it changed its name to Bracknell
Bracknell
Forest. When Berkshire
Berkshire
County Council
County Council
was abolished on 1 April 1998 (and the non-metropolitan county was reclassified as a ceremonial county), Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
became one of the six unitary authorities which together make up Berkshire. Geography[edit] The town covers areas previously in the parishes of Easthampstead, Warfield, Binfield
Binfield
and Winkfield. The town's centre lies just north of the railway station with completely pedestrianised and much undercover shopping around Princess Square, Charles Square and the Broadway. There are 'out-of-town' shops, a multiscreen cinema and ten pin bowling complex at the Peel Centre. Just to the west are the Western and Southern industrial estates, either side of the railway line. There are many residential suburbs (see settlement table below) of varying dates, the oldest being Priestwood
Priestwood
and, of course, Easthampstead
Easthampstead
village. The former RAF Staff College buildings in Harmans Water, now closed, was part of the Joint Services Command and Staff College. This site is now, as of 2008, being redeveloped for housing by Wimpey, with an estimated 730 houses on the college's former site. The south-western corner of the town remains rural around Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park and the wooded Yew Tree Corner. However, a new housing development called Jennett's Park
Jennett's Park
is currently being built (from 2007) at Peacock Farm and on part of what was historically the grounds of Easthampstead Park. There are large ponds at Farley Wood
Farley Wood
and the Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Mill Pond between Great Hollands
Great Hollands
and Wildridings, and two lakes at South Hill Park. The Bull Brook emerges above ground just within the bounds of the suburb of Bullbrook. Arts[edit]

South Hill Park
South Hill Park
lies in Bracknell
Bracknell
and houses an arts centre

In the south of the town is South Hill Park, a mansion dating from 1760, although much rebuilt, that now houses a large arts centre. The Wilde Theatre was opened in 1984, named after Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
who created the character 'Lady Bracknell' in his play The Importance of Being Earnest. South Hill Park
South Hill Park
has been home to a number of major music festivals over the years:[25]

1975 – 1990s Bracknell
Bracknell
Jazz Festival 1970s – 1980s Bracknell
Bracknell
Folk Festival ("The Handsome Mouldiwarp Festival") 1988 – Womad Festival 1980s – 1990s – Bracknell
Bracknell
Music Festival / South Hill Park Festival 2000s – 2013 – Big Day Out festival, a free, annual World Music and acoustic/folk festival

Bracknell
Bracknell
has been used in the filming of many TV shows and films, such as Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (Martins Heron) and Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(Birch Hill).[26] Bracknell
Bracknell
is given the name 'Laxton' in the TV detective series Pie in the Sky and Waterside Park was used for the exterior of the police HQ in the same series. Bracknell
Bracknell
has also featured in the 1991 Roger Daltrey
Roger Daltrey
film Buddy's Song. The Offence
The Offence
(1972), a psychological thriller with Sean Connery
Sean Connery
and Ian Bannen, was filmed in Bracknell. There are scenes in the town centre, on Broadway, Charles Square and Market Street. The flat for Connery's character was filmed at the listed Point Royal, and the bulk of the outdoor scenes were taken around Wildridings, specifically Arncliffe, Crossfell, Mill Pond and Mill Lane. The wages snatch scene in Villain (1971), a gangster film with Richard Burton, was filmed in Ellesfield Avenue on the Southern Industrial Estate outside the former Clark Eaton glass factory,[27] with the ICL tower block (under construction at the time) visible in the background; after the robbery the gang make their getaway along Peacock Lane nearby and hijack a car at the junction with the footpath from Tarmans Copse (now Osprey Avenue on the Jennett's Park
Jennett's Park
estate). Bracknell
Bracknell
is featured in the PlayStation 3 title Resistance: Fall of Man set in 1951, as the location at which power conduits travel deep underground South East England
South East England
to power the Chimeran fortresses. It also featured in the sequel Resistance:2 with a similar role. The BBC show The Wrong Mans
The Wrong Mans
is set almost entirely in Bracknell. Tracy Beaker actress Dani Harmer was brought up in Bracknell. Transport[edit] The town of Bracknell
Bracknell
has two railway stations, Bracknell
Bracknell
and Martins Heron, both of which are on the Waterloo to Reading Line, built by the London and South Western Railway
London and South Western Railway
and now operated by South Western Railway. Bracknell
Bracknell
is a commuter centre with its residents travelling in both directions (westwards to Reading and eastwards to London Waterloo). The town has good road links and is situated at the end of the A329(M), midway between Junction 3 of the M3 and Junction 10 of the M4 motorways. A proposed motorway link between the M3 and the M4 – to be called the M31 – would have passed to the west of the town centre, but only the section that is now the A329(M)
A329(M)
and the A3290 was built.[28] Bracknell
Bracknell
bus services[edit] Bracknell
Bracknell
bus station serves the town of Bracknell. The bus station is on The Ring in the Town Centre across the road from Bracknell
Bracknell
railway station. The bus station consists of three long shelters each with three stands. Bus services go from Bracknell
Bracknell
as far afield as Crowthorne, Camberley, Wokingham, Reading, Windsor and Slough. Local bus services are provided by Courtney Buses
Courtney Buses
and Reading Buses. There are coach services provided by Green Line (to London Victoria), National Express and a direct coach service to Luton Airport, named The Luton Flyer, provided by Courtney Buses. Sport and leisure[edit] Bracknell Town F.C.
Bracknell Town F.C.
are members of the Hellenic Football League Premier Division, and play their home matches at Larges Lane. The Bracknell Bees Ice Hockey Club are former national champions, who currently play in the English Premier League. The Bracknell
Bracknell
Blazers are the 2009 BBF National League champions. The town is also represented by teams playing rugby, Bracknell
Bracknell
RFC[29] hockey[30] and cricket.[31] The town has a large leisure centre, which includes swimming and athletics facilities, whilst there is also the Coral Reef Water Park, the Downshire Golf Complex, the Bracknell
Bracknell
Lawn Tennis Club,[32] and Esporta, the Royal County of Berkshire
Berkshire
Club. There are 2,600 acres (11 km2) of Crown Estate woodland at the Look Out Discovery Centre.[33] A number of organisations are active in the area. These consist of an Army Cadet Force detachment(7 Platoon Bracknell)[34] and an Air Training Corps (2211 Squadron) which are both located on the same site, Saint Johns Ambulance Cadets, other youth groups that involve a younger crowd including several troops of Scouts and the Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Lions Club, which was formed in 1968 to help those in need.[35] Education[edit]

Ranelagh Church of England
England
School

The area has various schools including St Joseph's Catholic Primary School, Brakenhale Academy, Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park School, Garth Hill College and Ranelagh Church of England
England
School. Bracknell
Bracknell
and Wokingham College of further education is also based in the area. The Silwood Park
Silwood Park
campus of Imperial College London
Imperial College London
is 5 miles (8.0 km) to the east of Bracknell
Bracknell
town centre. The University of Reading is 8 miles (13 km) to the northwest, and Royal Holloway College 8 miles (13 km) to the east. See also[edit]

Columbia Centre

References[edit]

^ Mills, A. D: A Dictionary of English Place-Names, page 46. Oxford University Press, 1991. ^ a b Ford, David Nash (2002). "Caesar's Camp, Easthampstead". Royal Berkshire
Berkshire
History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ Map, The Megalithic Portal
Portal
and Megalith. "The Quelm Stone".  ^ Ford, David Nash (2003). " Easthampstead
Easthampstead
Park". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ a b c Ford, David Nash (2001). "Bracknell". Royal Berkshire
Berkshire
History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ Ford, David Nash (2004). "Easthampstead: St. Michael & St. Mary Magdalene's Church". Royal Berkshire
Berkshire
History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ A Church Near You. "A Church Near You - Find Church of England Church Locations, Services and Events". achurchnearyou.com.  ^ English Partnerships. "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] Bracknell
Bracknell
- English Partnerships". europarchive.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2010. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "www.bfheritage.org.uk - registered by Daily.co.uk". Daily Internet. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007.  ^ "Welcome to Jennetts Park". Jennettspark.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ "The Parks, Bracknell". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2012.  ^ New Town Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "www.bfheritage.org.uk - registered by Daily.co.uk". Daily Internet.  ^ Boost for Revamp Welcomed, Bracknell
Bracknell
News, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2009.  ^ Plans for New Centre on Course, Bracknell
Bracknell
News, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2009.  ^ Bracknell
Bracknell
Regeneration, http://regeneration.bracknell.com/ ^ "The Lexicon Bracknell". thelexiconbracknell.com.  ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/about-ons/business-transparency/freedom-of-information/what-can-i-request/published-ad-hoc-data/census/ethnicity/2011-census--table-qs213ew.xls ^ " Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Census Demographics United Kingdom". localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 5 August 2016.  ^ "Religion or belief - Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Joint Stategic Needs Assessment". jsna.bracknell-forest.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 August 2016.  ^ "Royal Warrant Holders". Retrieved 6 April 2015.  ^ "Head Office Location". John Lewis Partnership. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2009.  " Waitrose
Waitrose
head office Waitrose
Waitrose
Limited, Doncastle Road, Southern Industrial Area, Bracknell
Bracknell
Berkshire
Berkshire
RG12 8YA" ^ About Arlington Business Park Archived 15 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Comer Homes' radical plans for 3M building – News – getbracknell – Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Standard". getbracknell. Retrieved 18 September 2012.  ^ "Hawkeye On Hawkwind Home Page". tiscali.co.uk.  ^ "IMDb - Movies, TV and Celebrities". IMDb.  ^ "Reel Streets". reelstreets.com.  ^ Steven Jukes. "Pathetic Motorways". pathetic.org.uk.  ^ " Bracknell
Bracknell
Rugby Club". bracknellrugbyclub.com.  ^ "South Berkshire
Berkshire
hockey club".  ^ Marion Shaw. "Home". bracknellcricketclub.co.uk.  ^ BLTC Administrator. "Welcome to Bracknell
Bracknell
Tennis  !". bracknelltennis.com.  ^ Look Out Discovery Centre Archived 25 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 7 Platoon Bracknell
Bracknell
Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Berkshireacf.org. Retrieved on 17 July 2013. ^ Bracknell
Bracknell
Lions Club Archived 23 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bracknell.

Bracknell Forest
Bracknell Forest
Council Bracknell
Bracknell
Town Council Video of portion of town centre before its demolition in 2013, focusing on Crossway House

v t e

Settlements in Bracknell
Bracknell
Forest

Towns

Bracknell Crowthorne Sandhurst

Civil parishes

Binfield Warfield Winkfield

Bracknell
Bracknell
suburbs

Birch Hill Bullbrook Crown Wood Easthampstead Farley Wood Forest Park Great Hollands Hanworth Harmans Water Home Farm Jennett's Park Lawrence Hill Martins Heron Priestwood Quelm Park Temple Park The Parks The Warren Warfield
Warfield
Park Whitegrove Wick Hill Wildridings Wooden Hill

Other villages and hamlets

Amen Corner Billingbear Brock Hill Brookside Burleigh Chavey Down College Town Cranbourne Hawthorn Hill Jealott's Hill Little Sandhurst Maidens Green Moss End Newell Green North Ascot Nuptown Owlsmoor Popeswood Swinley Warfield
Warfield
Street West End Winkfield
Winkfield
Row Woodside

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131393481 GN

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