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Brașov (Romanian pronunciation: [braˈʃov] (About this sound listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brașov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (țări) Burzenland and Făgăraș.

Name

In Hungarian, it is known as Brassó megye, and in German as Kreis Kronstadt. Under Austro-Hungarian administration, from 1876 to 1918, Brassó County covered a similar area.

Demographics

In October 20, 2011, it had a population of 549,217 and the population density was 100/km².[1]

Year County population[1][2]
1948 300,836
1956 Increase 373,941
1966 Increase 442,692
1977 Increase 582,863
1992 Increase 642,513
2002 Decrease 589,028
2011 Decrease 549,217

Traditionally the Romanian population was concentrated in the West and South-West of the County, the Hungarians are in the East part of the county, and the Germans were in the North and around Brașov city.

Geography

The county has a total area of 5,363 km².

The South side comprises the Carpathian Mountains (Southern Carpathians and Eastern Carpathians) with Făgăraș Mountains, Bucegi Mountains, Piatra Mare Mountains, Piatra Craiului Mountains and the Postăvarul Massif. In the east side there is the Brașov Depression, and in the west side there is the Olt River valley. Between them there are the Perșani Mountains. The North and West side of the county is crossed by the Olt River.

Neighbours

Economy

Brașov is one of the most prosperous regions of Romania and has a tradition in industry. During World War II, IAR 80 and towards the end of the war Bf109, fighter aircraft were built in Brașov. During the communist period it was heavily industrialised, and its heritage were some very large industrial complexes. Some of them managed to survive and adapt to the capitalist type market economy, some of them didn't, leaving behind them a high rate of unemployment. Due to new investments, mainly foreign ones, the economy managed to partially recover.[citation needed]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mechanical and automotive industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Construction materials.
  • Food industry.

Around Victoria there are big chemical complexes which pollute the region.[citation needed]

Tourism

Brașov contains some of the most attractive tourist destinations in Romania.

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Politics

The Brașov County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party 16                                
  Social Democratic Party 11                                
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians 3                                
  Ecologist Party 3                                
  Democratic Forum of Germans 2                                

Administrative divisions

Brașov County has 4 municipalities, 6 towns and 48 communes:

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002" Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 

External links