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Brčko
Brčko
District (pronounced [br̩̂tʃkoː]; Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Брчко Дистрикт/ Brčko
Brčko
Distrikt) is a self-governing administrative unit in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. Officially a condominium of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, it was formed in 1999 to reflect Brčko
Brčko
and the surrounding areas' multi-ethnic nature and special status within the newly-independent Bosnia. In reality, it functions as a local self-government area, much like the other municipalities in the country. The seat of the district is the city of Brčko.

Contents

1 History 2 Population

2.1 1961 census 2.2 1971 census 2.3 1981 census 2.4 1991 census 2.5 2013 census

3 Government and politics 4 Settlements 5 See also 6 Notable people 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The Brčko
Brčko
District was established after an arbitration process undertaken by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Peace Accords
Dayton Peace Accords
however, the process could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL).[1] The Brčko
Brčko
District was formed of the entire territory of the former Brčko
Brčko
municipality, of which 48% (including Brčko
Brčko
city) was in the new formed Republika Srpska, while 52% was in the old Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the end of the Bosnian War, the European Union
European Union
(EU) has maintained a diplomatic peace-keeping presence in the area. Brčko
Brčko
was the only element in the Dayton Peace Agreement which was not finalized. The arbitration agreement was finalized in March 1999 resulting in a "district" as mentioned above which was to be administrated by an American Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko
Brčko
International Supervisor. In 2006, under the Supervisory Order, all "Entity legislation in Brčko
Brčko
District and the IEBL" was abolished. The ruling made by the Brčko
Brčko
Supervisor Susan Johnson abolishes all Entity Laws in the District, as well as abolishing the Entity Border Line. The ruling makes the Laws of the District and the Laws of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the laws of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) paramount within the District.[2] Following a Peace Implementation Council (PIC) meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of the Brčko International Supervisor. The Brčko
Brčko
Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko
Brčko
Supervision, continues to exist.[3] The first Brčko
Brčko
International Supervisor arrived in April 1997. Prior to that time, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) had a modest office headed by Randolph Hampton. During the interim time before the District of Brčko
Brčko
could be represented post arbitration agreement, local elections were held, and humanitarian relief was provided with cooperation from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and ECHO. The District became known as a center for different state-building programs run by foreign governments, particularly the United States. Population[edit] 1961 census[edit] According to 1961 census Municipality of Brčko
Brčko
had 62,952 inhabitants, including:

Croats – 21,994 (34.94%) Serbs – 17,897 (28.43%) Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 16,484 (26.18%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 5,904 (9.38%) others – 673 (1.07%)

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1961

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1961

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1961

Share of Croats in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1961

Share of Serbs in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1961

1971 census[edit] According to 1971 census Municipality of Brčko
Brčko
had 74,771 inhabitants, including:

Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 30,181 (40.36%) Croats – 24,925 (33.33%) Serbs – 17,709 (23.68%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 1,086 (1.45%) others – 870 (1.18%)

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1971

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1971

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1971

Share of Croats in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1971

Share of Serbs in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1971

1981 census[edit] According to 1981 census Municipality of Brčko
Brčko
had 82,768 inhabitants, including:

Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 32,434 (39.19%) Croats – 23,975 (28.97%) Serbs – 16,707 (20.18%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 8,342 (10.08%) others – 1,310 (1.58%)

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1981

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1981

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1981

Share of Croats in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1981

Share of Serbs in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1981

1991 census[edit] According to 1991 census Municipality of Brčko
Brčko
had 87,627 inhabitants, including:

Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 38,617 (44.07%) Croats – 22,252 (25.39%) Serbs – 18,128 (20.69%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 5,731 (6.54%) others – 2,899 (3.31%)

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1991

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1991

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1991

Share of Croats in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1991

Share of Serbs in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 1991

2013 census[edit] According to 2013 census Municipality of Brčko
Brčko
had 83,416 inhabitants, including:

Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 35,381 (42.36%) Serbs – 28,884 (34.58%) Croats – 17,252 (20.66%) others – 1,899 (2.28%)

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 2013

Ethnic structure of Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 2013

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 2013

Share of Serbs in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 2013

Share of Croats in Brčko
Brčko
by settlements 2013

Government and politics[edit] There are 29 seats in the Assembly of the Brčko
Brčko
District. The seats are divided as follows:[4]

Constituency[5] Council[6]

Party Popular vote  % Seats

Brčko

Serb Democratic Party—National Democratic Movement 5,908 15.06 5

Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 5,512 14.05 4

Party of Democratic Action 4,989 12.72 4

Croatian Democratic Union 3,940 10.04 3

Brčko
Brčko
Democratic Movement 3,247 8.28 2

Party of Democratic Progress—Progressive Srpska 2,754 7.02 2

Croatian Peasant Party of Stjepan Radić 2,335 5.95 2

Union for a Better Future of BiH 2,049 5.22 2

Social Democratic Party 2,045[7] 5.21 3[8]

Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,780 4.54 1

Socialist Party 1,773 4.52 1

Democratic Front 1,312 3.34 1

Minority candidate Ćazim Dačaj (384) – 1

Total 41,772

31

Settlements[edit]

Bijela Boće Boderište Brčko Brezik Brezovo Polje Brka Brod Bukovac Bukvik Donji Bukvik Gornji Buzekara Cerik Čađavac Čande Čoseta Donji Rahić Donji Zovik Dubrave Dubravice Donje Dubravice Gornje Gajevi Gorice Gornji Rahić Gornji Zovik Grbavica Gredice Islamovac Krbeta Ivici Krepšić Laništa Lukavac Maoča Marković Polje Ograđenovac Omerbegovača Palanka Popovo Polje Potočari Rašljani Ražljevo Repino Brdo Sandići Skakava Donja Skakava Gornja Slijepčevići Stanovi Šatorovići Štrepci Trnjaci Ulice Ulović Vitanovići Donji Vitanovići Gornji Vučilovac Vujičići Vukšić Donji Vukšić Gornji

See also[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina Subdivisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Republika Srpska

Notable people[edit]

Edo Maajka
Edo Maajka
(birth name Edin Osmić) – rapper Lepa Brena
Lepa Brena
(birth name Fahreta Jahić) – pop-folk singer Edvin Kanka Ćudić – founder and coordinator of the Association for Social Research and Communications Mladen Petrić
Mladen Petrić
– Croatian international football player Vesna Pisarović – Croatian singer born in the town

Notes[edit]

^ Position suspended since 23 May 2012.

References[edit]

^ Dayton Agreement, Annex 2, Article V Archived April 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Supervisory Order Abolishes Entity Legislation, Ends Legal Significance of IEBL in Brčko
Brčko
District Archived August 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Press Conference Following the Meeting of the Steering Board of the Peace implementation Council on 23/5/2012 ^ GRAFIČKI PRIKAZ SALE SKUPŠTINE BRČKO DISTRIKTA BIH ^ The three-digit numbers in the municipality column are the codes used for the municipalities on the Central Electoral Commission site ^ (in Croatian)Council results from Central Electoral Commission site ^ additional 531 votes from minority constituency ^ including one minority candidate

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brčko
Brčko
District.

Government of the Brčko
Brčko
District Assembly of the Brčko
Brčko
District Statute of the Brčko
Brčko
District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
official document (in English) Relevant laws of the Brčko
Brčko
District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(in English)

v t e

Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina

v t e

Entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Republika Srpska

v t e

Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

   

 Una-Sana  Central Bosnia

 Posavina  Herzegovina-Neretva

 Tuzla  West Herzegovina

 Zenica-Doboj  Sarajevo

 Bosnian Podrinje  Canton 10

v t e

Districts of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brčko
Brčko
distrikt

v t e

Municipalities and cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cities

Bihać Mostar Sarajevo
Sarajevo
(capital) Široki Brijeg Tuzla Zenica

Municipalities

Banovići Bosanska Krupa Bosanski Petrovac Bosansko Grahovo Breza Brčko Bugojno Busovača Bužim Čapljina Cazin Čelić Čitluk Drvar Doboj
Doboj
East Doboj
Doboj
South Dobretići Domaljevac-Šamac Donji Vakuf Foča-Ustikolina Fojnica Glamoč Goražde Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje Gračanica Gradačac Grude Hadžići Ilidža Ilijaš Jablanica Jajce Kakanj Kalesija Kiseljak Kladanj Ključ Konjic Kreševo Kupres Livno Ljubuški Lukavac Maglaj Neum Novi Travnik Odžak Olovo Orašje Pale-Prača Posušje Prozor-Rama Ravno Sanski Most Sapna Sarajevo

Centar Novi Grad Novo Sarajevo Stari Grad

Srebrenik Stolac Teočak Tešanj Tomislavgrad Travnik Trnovo Usora Vareš Velika Kladuša Visoko Vitez Vogošća Zavidovići Žepče Živinice

Republika Srpska

Cities

Banja Luka Bijeljina Doboj Istočno Sarajevo Prijedor Trebinje

Municipalities

Berkovići Bileća Brod Bratunac Brčko Čajniče Čelinac Derventa Donji Žabar Foča Gacko Gradiška Han Pijesak Istočni Drvar Istočni Mostar Istočno Sarajevo

Istočna Ilidža Istočno Novo Sarajevo Istočni Stari Grad Pale Sokolac Trnovo

Jezero Kalinovik Kneževo Kostajnica Kozarska Dubica Kotor Varoš Krupa na Uni Kupres Laktaši Ljubinje Lopare Milići Modriča Mrkonjić Grad Nevesinje Novi Grad Novo Goražde Osmaci Oštra Luka Pelagićevo Petrovac Petrovo Prnjavor Ribnik Rogatica Rudo Stanari Šamac Šekovići Šipovo Srbac Srebrenica Teslić Ugljevik Višegrad Vlasenica

.