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BRčKO DISTRICT (pronounced ; Bosnian , Croatian , Serbian : Брчко Дистрикт/ Brčko Distrikt) is a self-governing administrative unit in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
.

Officially a condominium of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
, it was formed in 1999 to reflect Brčko and the surrounding areas' multi-ethnic nature and special status within the newly-independent Bosnia. In reality, it functions as a local self-government area , much like the other municipalities in the country .

The seat of the district is the city of Brčko .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Population

* 2.1 1961 census * 2.2 1971 census * 2.3 1981 census * 2.4 1991 census * 2.5 2013 census

* 3 Government and politics * 4 Settlements * 5 See also * 6 Notable people * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

The Brčko District was established after an arbitration process undertaken by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Peace Accords however, the process could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL). The Brčko District was formed of the entire territory of the former Brčko municipality, of which 48% (including Brčko city) was in the new formed Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
, while 52% was in the old Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
. Since the end of the Bosnian War , the European Union
European Union
(EU) has maintained a diplomatic peace-keeping presence in the area.

Brčko was the only element in the Dayton Peace Agreement which was not finalized. The arbitration agreement was finalized in March 1999 resulting in a "district" as mentioned above which was to be administrated by an American Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor .

In 2006, under the Supervisory Order, all "Entity legislation in Brčko District and the IEBL" was abolished. The ruling made by the Brčko Supervisor Susan Johnson abolishes all Entity Laws in the District, as well as abolishing the Entity Border Line. The ruling makes the Laws of the District and the Laws of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the laws of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ) paramount within the District.

Following a Peace Implementation Council (PIC) meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of the Brčko International Supervisor. The Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, continues to exist.

The first Brčko International Supervisor arrived in April 1997. Prior to that time, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) had a modest office headed by Randolph Hampton. During the interim time before the District of Brčko could be represented post arbitration agreement, local elections were held, and humanitarian relief was provided with cooperation from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and ECHO . The District became known as a center for different state-building programs run by foreign governments, particularly the United States.

POPULATION

1961 CENSUS

According to 1961 census Municipality of Brčko had 62,952 inhabitants, including:

* Croats – 21,994 (34.94%) * Serbs – 17,897 (28.43%) * Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 16,484 (26.18%) * Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 5,904 (9.38%) * others – 673 (1.07%)

*

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1961 *

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1961 *

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko by settlements 1961 *

Share of Croats in Brčko by settlements 1961 *

Share of Serbs in Brčko by settlements 1961

1971 CENSUS

According to 1971 census Municipality of Brčko had 74,771 inhabitants, including:

* Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 30,181 (40.36%) * Croats – 24,925 (33.33%) * Serbs – 17,709 (23.68%) * Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 1,086 (1.45%) * others – 870 (1.18%)

*

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1971 *

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1971 *

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko by settlements 1971 *

Share of Croats in Brčko by settlements 1971 *

Share of Serbs in Brčko by settlements 1971

1981 CENSUS

According to 1981 census Municipality of Brčko had 82,768 inhabitants, including:

* Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 32,434 (39.19%) * Croats – 23,975 (28.97%) * Serbs – 16,707 (20.18%) * Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 8,342 (10.08%) * others – 1,310 (1.58%)

*

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1981 *

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1981 *

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko by settlements 1981 *

Share of Croats in Brčko by settlements 1981 *

Share of Serbs in Brčko by settlements 1981

1991 CENSUS

According to 1991 census Municipality of Brčko had 87,627 inhabitants, including:

* Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 38,617 (44.07%) * Croats – 22,252 (25.39%) * Serbs – 18,128 (20.69%) * Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
– 5,731 (6.54%) * others – 2,899 (3.31%)

*

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1991 *

Ethnic structure of Brčko by settlements 1991 *

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brčko by settlements 1991 *

Share of Croats in Brčko by settlements 1991 *

Share of Serbs in Brčko by settlements 1991

2013 CENSUS

According to 2013 census Municipality of Brčko had 83,416 inhabitants, including:

* Bosniaks
Bosniaks
– 35,381 (42.36%) * Serbs – 28,884 (34.58%) * Croats – 17,252 (20.66%) * others – 1,899 (2.28%)

*

Ethnic structure of Brcko by settlements 2013 *

Ethnic structure of Brcko by settlements 2013 *

Share of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
in Brcko by settlements 2013 *

Share of Serbs in Brcko by settlements 2013 *

Share of Croats in Brcko by settlements 2013

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

There are 29 seats in the Assembly of the Brčko District. The seats are divided as follows:

CONSTITUENCY COUNCIL

PARTY POPULAR VOTE % SEATS

BRčKO

Serb Democratic Party —National Democratic Movement 5,908 15.06 5

Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
5,512 14.05 4

Party of Democratic Action 4,989 12.72 4

Croatian Democratic Union 3,940 10.04 3

Brčko Democratic Movement 3,247 8.28 2

Party of Democratic Progress —Progressive Srpska 2,754 7.02 2

Croatian Peasant Party of Stjepan Radić 2,335 5.95 2

Union for a Better Future of BiH 2,049 5.22 2

Social Democratic Party 2,045 5.21 3

Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1,780 4.54 1

Socialist Party 1,773 4.52 1

Democratic Front 1,312 3.34 1

Minority candidate Ćazim Dačaj (384) – 1

TOTAL 41,772

31

SETTLEMENTS

* Bijela * Boće * Boderište * Brčko * Brezik * Brezovo Polje * Brka * Brod * Bukovac * Bukvik Donji * Bukvik Gornji * Buzekara * Cerik * Čađavac * Čande * Čoseta * Donji Rahić * Donji Zovik * Dubrave * Dubravice Donje * Dubravice Gornje * Gajevi * Gorice * Gornji Rahić * Gornji Zovik * Grbavica * Gredice * Islamovac * Krbeta * Ivici * Krepšić * Laništa * Lukavac
Lukavac
* Maoča * Marković Polje * Ograđenovac * Omerbegovača * Palanka * Popovo Polje * Potočari * Rašljani * Ražljevo * Repino Brdo * Sandići * Skakava Donja * Skakava Gornja * Slijepčevići * Stanovi * Šatorovići * Štrepci * Trnjaci * Ulice * Ulović * Vitanovići Donji * Vitanovići Gornji * Vučilovac * Vujičići * Vukšić Donji * Vukšić Gornji

SEE ALSO

* Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
* Subdivisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
* Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
* Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Edo Maajka
Edo Maajka
(birth name Edin Osmić) – rapper * Lepa Brena
Lepa Brena
(birth name Fahreta Jahić) – pop-folk singer * Edvin Kanka Ćudić – founder and coordinator of the Association for Social Research and Communications * Mladen Petrić – Croatian international football player * Vesna Pisarović – Croatian singer born in the town

NOTES

* ^ Position suspended since 23 May 2012.

REFERENCES

* ^ Dayton Agreement, Annex 2, Article V Archived April 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine